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The Jetsons
Jetsonslogo640x480.jpg
Genre
Created by
Directed by
Voices of
Theme music composerHoyt Curtin
ComposerHoyt Curtin
Country of originUnited States
Original languageEnglish
No. of seasons3
No. of episodes75 (list of episodes)
Production
Executive producers
  • William Hanna (1985–87)
  • Joseph Barbera (1985–87)
Producers
  • William Hanna (1962–63)
  • Joseph Barbera (1962–63)
  • Bob Hathcock (1985)
  • Berny Wolf (1987)
  • Jeff Hall (1987)
Running time22–30 minutes
Production companyHanna-Barbera Productions
Distributor
Release
Original networkABC (Season 1)[1]
Syndication (Seasons 2-3)
Picture formatNTSC 4:3
1080p 4:3 (Blu-ray)
Audio format
Original release
  • Original series:
  • September 23, 1962 (1962-09-23) – March 17, 1963 (1963-03-17)
  • Revival series:
  • September 16, 1985 (1985-09-16) – November 12, 1987 (1987-11-12)

The Jetsons is an American animated sitcom produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions. It originally aired in prime time from September 23, 1962, to March 17, 1963, on ABC, then later aired in reruns via syndication, with new episodes produced from 1985 to 1987. It was Hanna-Barbera's Space Age counterpart to The Flintstones.[2]

While the Flintstones lived in a world which was a comical version of the Stone Age, with machines powered by birds and dinosaurs, the Jetsons live in a comical version of a century in the future,[3][4] with elaborate robotic contraptions, aliens, holograms, and whimsical inventions.[5][6] The original had 24 episodes and aired on Sunday nights on ABC beginning on September 23, 1962, with prime time reruns continuing through September 22, 1963.[7] It debuted as the first program broadcast in color on ABC.[8] (Only a handful of ABC stations were capable of broadcasting in color in the early 1960s.) In contrast, The Flintstones, while always produced in color, was broadcast in black-and-white for its first two seasons.[9] The show was scheduled opposite Walt Disney's Wonderful World of Color and Dennis the Menace and did not receive much attention; it was cancelled after one season and moved to Saturday mornings, where it was very successful.[10]

Following its primetime run, the show aired on Saturday mornings for decades, starting on ABC for the 1963–64 season and then on CBS and NBC.[11] New episodes were produced for syndication from 1985 to 1987. No further specials or episodes of the show were produced after 1989, as the majority of the core cast (George O'Hanlon, Mel Blanc and Daws Butler) had died in 1988 and 1989. The 1990 film Jetsons: The Movie served as the series finale to the television show. Twenty-seven years later, a new direct-to-video animated movie, The Jetsons & WWE: Robo-WrestleMania!, was released in 2017.

Premise

The Jetsons are a family residing in Orbit City.[12][13] The city's architecture is rendered in the Googie style and all homes and businesses are raised high above the ground on adjustable columns. George Jetson lives with his family in the Skypad Apartments: his wife Jane is a homemaker, their teenage daughter Judy attends Orbit High School, and their son Elroy attends Little Dipper School. Housekeeping is performed by a robot maid named Rosie, who handles chores not otherwise rendered trivial by the home's numerous push-button Space Age-envisioned conveniences. The family has a dog named Astro that talks with an initial consonant mutation in which every word begins with an "R", as if speaking with a growl; a similar effect would also be used for Scooby-Doo.

George Jetson's work week consists of an hour a day, two days a week.[14] His boss is Cosmo Spacely, the bombastic owner of Spacely Space Sprockets. Spacely has a competitor, Mr. Cogswell, owner of the rival company Cogswell Cogs (sometimes known as Cogswell's Cosmic Cogs). Jetson commutes to work in an aerocar with a transparent bubble top. Daily life is leisurely, assisted by numerous labor-saving devices, which occasionally break down with humorous results. Despite this, everyone complains of exhausting hard labor and difficulties living with the remaining inconveniences.

Characters

Main article: List of The Jetsons characters

Voice cast

George O'Hanlon provided the voice of George Jetson.
George O'Hanlon provided the voice of George Jetson.
Penny Singleton was the voice of Jane Jetson.
Penny Singleton was the voice of Jane Jetson.

In later productions, Jeff Bergman has voiced George, Elroy, and Mr. Spacely. Bergman completed voice work as George and Spacely for Jetsons: The Movie (1990) after George O'Hanlon and Mel Blanc died during production. Controversially, Janet Waldo was replaced—after recording all of her dialogue—by then-popular singer Tiffany for Jetsons: The Movie. Lori Frazier has provided the voice of Jane Jetson in television commercials for Radio Shack.

Production

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The first season for the series was produced and directed by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera. When Warner Bros. Cartoons closed in May 1961, several of its animators, including Gerry Chiniquy and Ken Harris, joined Hanna-Barbera to work on the first season.

Morey Amsterdam and Pat Carroll controversy

In 1963, Morey Amsterdam and Pat Carroll each filed $12,000 suits against Hanna-Barbera for breach of contract,[16][17] claiming they had been cast and signed to the roles of George Jetson and Jane Jetson, respectively. Although their contracts stipulated they would be paid US$500 an episode with a guarantee of twenty-four episodes (i.e., a full season) of work, they recorded only one episode before being replaced.[16] Several sources claimed the change had occurred as a result of sponsor conflict between Amsterdam's commitment to The Dick Van Dyke Show and Carroll's to Make Room for Daddy.[18][19] The case had been closed by early 1965.[20] In a 2013 interview, Pat Carroll indicated that the court had ruled in favor of Hanna-Barbera.[16]

Episodes

Main article: List of The Jetsons episodes

SeasonEpisodesOriginally aired
First airedLast airedNetwork
124September 23, 1962 (1962-09-23)March 3, 1963 (1963-03-03)ABC
241September 16, 1985 (1985-09-16)December 13, 1985 (1985-12-13)Syndication
310October 19, 1987 (1987-10-19)November 12, 1987 (1987-11-12)

The show's original run consisted of 24 episodes that first aired on ABC from September 23, 1962, to March 17, 1963, and, as was standard practice at the time, contained a laugh track.

In 1984, Hanna-Barbera began producing new episodes specifically for syndication; by September 1985, the 24 episodes from the first season were combined with 41 new episodes and began airing in morning or late afternoon time slots in 80 U.S. media markets, including the 30 largest.[21] The 41 new episodes were produced at a cost of $300,000 each, and featured all of the voice actors from the 1962–1963 show.[21] During 1987, 10 additional "season 3" episodes were also made available for syndication.[22]

Broadcast history

Following its prime time cancellation, ABC placed reruns of The Jetsons on its Saturday morning schedule for the 1963–1964 season. The program would spend the next two decades on Saturday mornings, with subsequent runs on CBS (1964–65 and 1969–71) and NBC (1965–67; 1971–76; 1979–81 and 1982–83). The Jetsons began airing in syndication in September 1976, and these runs continued after the program returned to NBC's Saturday morning schedule. Along with fellow Hanna-Barbera production Jonny Quest and Warner Bros.' Looney Tunes shorts, The Jetsons is one of the few series to have aired on each of the Big Three television networks in the United States.

On February 21, 2021, The Jetsons began airing on MeTV.[23]

Theme song

The series' theme song, by composer Hoyt Curtin, became a pop hit in 1986.[24]

Science fiction themes

Animation historian Christopher P. Lehman considers that the series shares its main science fiction theme with Funderful Suburbia (1962), a Modern Madcaps animated short. Both feature people involved in space colonization. However, there is a key difference in the nature of the colonization: in Funderful Suburbia, humans colonize outer space in order to escape the problems of planet Earth, while the Jetsons live in a place where space colonization is already established. Life in outer space is depicted as a fact of life, and the reasons behind humanity's takeover of outer space are never explained.

Lehman argues that the series offers no explanation for its science fiction premise and does not directly satirize the social problems of any era. The setting is combined with standard sitcom elements, which serve as the series' main focus.[25]

Smithsonian's Matt Novak, in an article called "Why The Show Still Matters" asserts, "Today The Jetsons stands as the single most important piece of 20th century futurism."

Novak continues, "It’s easy for some people to dismiss The Jetsons as just a TV show, and a lowly cartoon at that. But this little show—for better and for worse—has had a profound impact on the way that Americans think and talk about the future."[26]

Reception

After the announcement of the fall 1962 network television schedule Time magazine characterized The Jetsons as one of several new situation comedies (along with The Beverly Hillbillies, I'm Dickens... He's Fenster, and Our Man Higgins) that was "stretching further than ever for their situations";[13] after all the season's new shows had premiered—a season "responding to Minow's exhortations"—the magazine called the series "silly and unpretentious, corny and clever, now and then quite funny."[27] Of all the aforementioned programs in the Time article including The Jetsons, only The Beverly Hillbillies (which would remain on the air until CBS's rural purge in 1971) would make it back for a 2nd season in 1963.

Thirty years later, Time wrote: "In an age of working mothers, single parents and gay matrimony (same-sex marriage), George Jetson and his clan already seem quaint even to the baby boomers who grew up with them."[28] In contrast, economist Jeffrey A. Tucker wrote in 2011 that The Jetsons is "distinguished in science-fiction lore by the fact that it is a rare attempt in this genre that actually succeeds in predicting the future."[29] Apart from flying cars, which are as yet unfeasible in the real world ("a lot of fun, until that first accident occurs"), much of the technology of The Jetsons has become commonplace: people now communicate via video chat on flat screens; domestic robots such as the Roomba are widespread, and various high-tech devices are used for leisure.[30] Tucker notes that The Jetsons depicts neither a grim dystopia nor an idyllic utopia, but rather a world where capitalism and entrepreneurship still exist and technology has not changed fundamental elements of human nature.

In 2017, Devon Maloney from The Verge described the show as a "bone-chilling dystopia", stating how a reboot-comic book revealed that an environmental apocalypse caused humans to seek refuge in aerial cities. Maloney also notes the lack of people of color in the show and theorizes how discrimination against impoverished groups and developing countries could've taken place, stating "though long held up as the quintessential utopia, The Jetsons is a perfect dystopia, built on the corpses of a billions-strong underclass deemed unworthy of a life in the clouds."[31]

Differences between versions

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Added characters:

Other differences include the following:

Specials and film adaptations

Television films

Television specials

Theatrical releases

Direct-to-video films

Proposed continuations and reboots

A 1974 proposal would have created a sequel series to The Jetsons, set roughly ten years after the original series. CBS rejected the proposal and it was retooled into Partridge Family 2200 A.D.[33]

Paramount Pictures first tried to film a live-action version of The Jetsons in 1985, which was to be executive produced by Gary Nardino, but failed to do so.[34] In the late 1980s, Universal Pictures purchased the film rights for The Flintstones and The Jetsons from Hanna-Barbera Productions. The result was Jetsons: The Movie, which was released in 1990. In November 2001, screenwriting duo Paul Foley and Dan Forman were brought onboard to revise a screenplay, with Rob Minkoff attached as director and Denise Di Novi as producer.[35]

On March 18, 2003, it was announced that the script was again being reworked,[36] with Adam Shankman entering negotiations to direct and co-write the film.[37] In June 2004, with Shankman still onboard as director, Di Novi confirmed that the latest draft was penned by Sam Harper.[38] By May 2006, the project was re-launched with Adam F. Goldberg confirmed as the new screenwriter, and Donald De Line was added as producer alongside Di Novi.[39]

In May 2007, director Robert Rodriguez entered talks with Universal Studios and Warner Bros. to film a CGI adaptation of The Jetsons for a potential 2009 theatrical release, having at the time discussed directing a film adaptation of Land of the Lost with Universal. Rodriguez was uncertain which project he would pursue next, though the latest script draft for The Jetsons by Goldberg was further along in development.[40]

In January 2012, recording artist Kanye West was mistakenly reported as creative director over the project, though West clarified on social media that "I was just discussing becoming the creative director for the Jetson [sic] movie and someone on the call yelled out.. you should do a Jetsons tour!"[41] Longtime producer Denise Di Novi denied the confirmed involvement stating negotiations with West via conference call was merely "preliminary and exploratory and introductory".[42] In February 2012, Warner Bros. hired Van Robichaux and Evan Susser to rewrite the script.[43][44]

On January 23, 2015, it was announced that Warner Bros. is planning a new animated Jetsons feature film, with Matt Lieberman to provide the screenplay.[45][46] As of May 25, 2017, Conrad Vernon will direct the film.[47]

On August 17, 2017, ABC ordered a pilot for a live-action sitcom version of The Jetsons to be written by Gary Janetti and executive produced by Janetti, Jack Rapke and Robert Zemeckis.[48]

Further appearances

Hanna-Barbera-related

Other projects

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Educational films

Comics

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Video games

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Home media

On June 28, 1990, Hanna-Barbera Home Video released six episodes from the show on videocassette.[citation needed] Warner Home Video released season 1 on DVD in Region 1 on May 11, 2004; upon its release, James Poniewozik wrote that it is "as much about New Frontier 1962 as about the distant future. Its ditzy slapstick is like the peanut-butter-and-jelly mix Goober Grape—if you didn't love it as a kid, you're not going to acquire the taste as an adult—and the pop-culture gags ... have not aged well. But the animation is still a classic of gee-whiz atomic-age modernism."[54]

The review of the DVD release from Entertainment Weekly said the show "trots through surprisingly dated sitcom plots about blustery bosses, bad lady drivers, and Elvis Presleyesque teen idols, all greeted with laugh tracks" but points out "it's the appeal of the retro-prescient gadgets (recliner massagers, big-screen TVs, two-way monitors) that still carries the show."[55] Season 1 was released on DVD in Region 4 on July 5, 2006.[56] Season Two, Volume 1 was released on DVD almost three years later, on June 2, 2009, for Region 1.[57]

On November 8, 2011, Warner Home Video (via the Warner Archive Collection) released The Jetsons: Season 2, Volume 2 on DVD in Region 1 as part of their Hanna-Barbera Classics Collection. This is a Manufacture-on-Demand (MOD) release, available exclusively through Warner's online store and Amazon.com.[58] Warner Archive followed up by releasing Season 3 in the same way on May 13, 2014.[59]

The complete ABC series was released on Blu-ray on September 10, 2019, by Warner Home Video (again via the Warner Archive Collection), sourced from new 2K scans of the original broadcast masters while maintaining the show's original 4:3 aspect ratio.[60]

DVD Name Ep # Release date
Season 1 24 May 11, 2004
Season 2, Volume 1 21 June 2, 2009
Season 2, Volume 2 20 November 8, 2011
Season 3 10 May 13, 2014

Legacy

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b "Top 100 animated series". IGN. Archived from the original on 2010-05-04. Retrieved 2010-10-19.
  2. ^ CD liner notes: Saturday Morning: Cartoons' Greatest Hits, 1995 MCA Records
  3. ^ Lewis, Andy (23 September 2012). "'The Jetsons' Turn Fifty". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 23 March 2019. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
  4. ^ The Jetsons: The Family of the Future. The Jetsons — The Complete First Season: Turner Home Entertainment. Archived from the original (DVD bonus feature) on 2021-10-30.
  5. ^ "Jetsons: The Complete First Season". DVD Talk. May 11, 2004. Archived from the original on July 10, 2011. Retrieved 2010-08-27.
  6. ^ Novak, Matt. "Automating Hard or Hardly Automating? George Jetson and the Manual Labor of Tomorrow". smithsonianmag.com. Archived from the original on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2015-02-24.
  7. ^ Erickson, Hal (2005). Television Cartoon Shows: An Illustrated Encyclopedia, 1949 Through 2003 (2nd ed.). McFarland & Co. pp. 445–449. ISBN 978-1476665993.
  8. ^ O'Reilly, Terry (May 24, 2014). "21st Century Brands". Under the Influence. Season 3. Episode 21. Event occurs at time 3:15. CBC Radio One. Archived from the original on June 8, 2014. Transcript of the original source. Retrieved June 7, 2014. The program was ahead of its time in more ways than one, as it was the first television series to be broadcast in colour on the ABC network, at a time when only 3% of the public had colour television sets.
  9. ^ "Jetsons, The — Season 2, Volume 1 Review". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Archived from the original on 2010-03-10. Retrieved 2010-09-27.
  10. ^ Sennett, Ted (1989). The Art of Hanna-Barbera: Fifty Years of Creativity. Studio. p. 110. ISBN 978-0670829781. Retrieved 2 June 2020.
  11. ^ Alex McNeil (1980). Total Television. Penguin Books.
  12. ^ "The Jetsons: Did you Know...?". Gemstone Publishing. May 16, 2003. Archived from the original on June 4, 2003. Retrieved 2007-03-12.
  13. ^ a b "Television: The Coming Season". Time. July 27, 1962. Archived from the original on February 19, 2011. Retrieved 2010-11-21. The producers of The Flintstones have a new family called The Jetsons, who live in outer space.
  14. ^ Episode "The Vacation", original airdate November 7, 1985
  15. ^ "The Jetsons". 23 September 1962. Archived from the original on 2018-04-13. Retrieved 2018-07-01 – via www.imdb.com.
  16. ^ a b c Kliph Nesteroff (2013-10-26). "Classic Television Showbiz: An Interview with Pat Carroll – Part Two". Classicshowbiz.blogspot.com. Archived from the original on 2014-08-21. Retrieved 2014-06-05.
  17. ^ Yowp (2010-01-27). "Yowp: Meet George Jetson – The Other One". Yowpyowp.blogspot.com. Archived from the original on 2014-05-08. Retrieved 2014-06-05.
  18. ^ The Evening Sentinel, June 1, 1962, Morey Amsterdam and Pat Carroll have been forced off as "voice" stars of ABC's new animated "The Jetsons" cartoon series. Too many sponsor conflicts, what with Morey being a regular on the Dick Van Dyke Show and Pat likewise on the Danny Thomas Show.
  19. ^ "Toledo Blade – Google News Archive Search". news.google.com.
  20. ^ TV Firm Sued By Two, Oxnard Press-Courier, January 25, 1965
  21. ^ a b Yockel, Michael (September 10, 1985). "Fresh Episodes Ending The Jetsons Suspended Animation". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved 2010-11-21.
  22. ^ Koch, David (ed.). "The Jetsons TV Episode Guide". The Big Cartoon Database. p. 4. Retrieved October 2, 2012.
  23. ^ MeTV Staff (February 6, 2021). "The Jetsons are coming to MeTV this February!". Retrieved 2021-03-20.
  24. ^ Wharton, David (August 28, 1986). "'Jetsons' Revival Brings Limelight to Composer". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on November 5, 2012. Retrieved 2010-08-24.
  25. ^ Lehman (2007), pp. 25–26
  26. ^ Novak, Matt. "50 Years of the Jetsons: Why The Show Still Matters". Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved 2022-07-31.
  27. ^ "Television: The New Season". Time. October 12, 1962. Archived from the original on March 6, 2007. Retrieved 2010-11-21.
  28. ^ "The Nuclear Family Goes Boom!". Time. October 15, 1992. Archived from the original on October 30, 2007. Retrieved 2010-11-21.
  29. ^ Jeffrey A. Tucker, It's a Jetsons World: Private Miracles and Public Vices Archived 2017-07-20 at the Wayback Machine (2011, free online from the Ludwig von Mises Institute); see particularly the first chapter "It's a Jetsons World" and final chapter "The Attempted Militarization of the Jetsons"
  30. ^ Donnelly, Tim (2022-07-31). "What 'The Jetsons' predicted right — and wrong — about the future". New York Post. Retrieved 2022-07-31.
  31. ^ Maloney, Devon (2017-11-03). "The Jetsons is actually a bone-chilling dystopia". The Verge. Retrieved 2022-06-24.
  32. ^ "Jetsons WWE (2017)". IGN. 9 January 2017. Archived from the original on January 10, 2017. Retrieved January 9, 2017.
  33. ^ "Partridge Family, 2200 A.D.: INTRODUCTION". www.cmongethappy.com. Archived from the original on 2016-06-10. Retrieved 2016-04-20.
  34. ^ "Paramount's Future- from 1985". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2014-07-06. Retrieved 2014-06-05.
  35. ^ Dunkley, Cathy (November 27, 2001). "'Jetsons' finds rewrite pair". Variety. Archived from the original on July 4, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  36. ^ Dunkley, Cathy; Brodesser, Claude (March 18, 2003). "Shankman ready to meet 'Jetsons'". Variety. Archived from the original on July 4, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  37. ^ Kit, Zorianna (March 19, 2003). "Shankman in pilot chair for live 'Jetsons'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 12, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  38. ^ Stax (7 June 2004). "The Jetsons Update!". IGN. Archived from the original on 12 April 2015. Retrieved 9 April 2014.
  39. ^ McClintock, Pamela (May 2, 2006). "'Jetsons' relaunched". Variety. Archived from the original on July 4, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  40. ^ Kit, Borys (2007-05-09). "Future or past for Rodriguez?". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 2007-05-25. Retrieved 2007-07-16.
  41. ^ Dobbins, Amanda (January 5, 2012). "What We Learned From Kanye's Tremendous Late-Night Twitter Rant". Vulture. Archived from the original on July 3, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  42. ^ Carlson, Eric (January 6, 2012). "Kanye West Is Not 'Creative Director' of Jetsons Movie, Says Producer". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on July 5, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  43. ^ Eisenberg, Eric (February 7, 2012). "Live-Action Jetsons Movie Still In The Works, New Writer Hired". CinemaBlend.com. Archived from the original on February 11, 2012. Retrieved February 7, 2012.
  44. ^ Gallagher, Brian (February 7, 2012). "'The Jetsons' Lands Writers Van Robichaux and Evan Susser". MovieWeb. Archived from the original on April 14, 2015. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
  45. ^ Lesnik, Silas (January 23, 2015). "The Jetsons Planned as Animated Feature". ComingSoon.net. Archived from the original on January 27, 2015. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
  46. ^ Fleming, Mike Jr. (January 23, 2015). "Warner Bros Plots 'The Jetsons' Animated Feature; Matt Lieberman Writing". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on January 25, 2015. Retrieved January 23, 2015.
  47. ^ McNary, Dave (January 23, 2015). "Animated 'Jetsons' Movie Lifting off With 'Sausage Party' Director". Variety. Archived from the original on May 25, 2017. Retrieved May 25, 2017.
  48. ^ Goldberg, Lesley (August 17, 2017). "'The Jetsons' Live-Action TV Comedy in the Works at ABC". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on August 17, 2017. Retrieved August 17, 2017.
  49. ^ "Xtra Jetstream Commercial". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2015-12-11. Retrieved 2016-11-28.
  50. ^ The Jetsons: Geometric Jetsons at WorldCat
  51. ^ The Jetsons: Down to Earth Nutrition at WorldCat
  52. ^ Learning About Work with The Jetsons at WorldCat
  53. ^ The Jetsons (2018 series) at the Comic Book DB (archived from the original)
  54. ^ James Poniewozik (May 17, 2004). "Meet George Jetson—Again". Time. Archived from the original on November 5, 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-21.
  55. ^ Steve Daly (May 14, 2004). "Jetsons & Jonny". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 21, 2012. Retrieved 2010-11-21.
  56. ^ Philippa Hawker (July 5, 2006). "The Jetsons, season one". The Sydney Morning Herald. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved 2010-11-21.
  57. ^ "The Jetsons DVD news: Box Art & Extras for The Jetsons — Season 2, Volume 1". TV Shows On DVD. 2007-05-25. Archived from the original on 2010-03-11. Retrieved 2010-07-11.
  58. ^ "The Jetsons – Tomorrow Sees Warner Archive's Release of 'Season 2, Volume 2'". Archived from the original on 2012-01-14.
  59. ^ "The Jetsons DVD news: Announcement for The Jetsons – Season 3". TV Shows On DVD. 2014-04-28. Archived from the original on 2014-04-29. Retrieved 2014-06-05.
  60. ^ [1] Archived 2019-09-02 at the Wayback Machine. Blu-ray.com. 31 August 2019.
  61. ^ Noer, Michael; Ewalt, David M. (December 10, 2007). "In Pictures: The 25 Largest Fictional Companies". Forbes. Archived from the original on August 21, 2009. Retrieved 2010-07-11.
  62. ^ O'Reilly, Terry (May 24, 2014). "21st Century Brands". Under the Influence. Season 3. Episode 21. Event occurs at time 2:07. CBC Radio One. Archived from the original on June 8, 2014. Transcript of the original source. Retrieved June 7, 2014. The series had lots of interesting devices that marveled us back in the 60s. In episode one, we see wife Jane doing exercises in front of a flatscreen television. In another episode, we see George Jetson reading the newspaper on a screen. Can anyone say computer? In another, Boss Spacely tells George to fix something called a "computer virus." Everyone on the show uses video chat, foreshadowing Skype and Face Time. There is a robot vacuum cleaner, foretelling the 2002 arrival of the iRobot Roomba vacuum. There was also a tanning bed used in an episode, a product that wasn't introduced to North America until 1979. And while flying space cars that have yet to land in our lives, the Jetsons show had moving sidewalks like we now have in airports, treadmills that didn't hit the consumer market until 1969, and they had a repairman who had a piece of technology called... Mac.

Bibliography

Further reading