|Ohio State Highway Patrol|
|Employees||2,402 (as of 2014) |
|Operations jurisdiction||Ohio, USA|
|Ohio State Highway Patrol districts and posts|
|Size||44,825 square miles (116,100 km2)|
|Population||11,689,442 (July 1, 2018)|
|Troopers||1,598 (as of 2014) |
|Civilian Members||804 (as of 2014)|
|Parent agency||Ohio Department of Public Safety|
The Ohio State Highway Patrol is a division of the Ohio Department of Public Safety and is the primary state law enforcement agency of Ohio.
Operationally, the Patrol is divided into units whose varying tasks complement the mission of the Patrol to provide safe roadways throughout the state. Operational units include the Office of Field Operations, units specializing in Aviation, a Special Response Team, Crash reconstruction, Inspections, Mobile Field Force, and Criminal Patrol; Human Resource Management, includes Labor Relations, Career Development and the Administrative Investigation Unit; Office of Investigative Services, includes statewide investigation of crimes occurring on state owned or leased property, crime lab, polygraph services, executive protection for the governor, criminal intelligence and computer crime unit; License and Commercial Standards, which provide for oversight of driver's license and commercial vehicle regulations throughout the state;
The Patrol also has administrative offices which include the Offices of Technology and Communication Services, Finance and Logistics Services, Strategic Services and Recruitment and Training.
The Patrol maintains 55 posts, each administered by one of ten districts and responsible for one, two, or three of Ohio's 88 counties or the Ohio Turnpike. The Berea/Turnpike District operates from four posts on the Ohio Turnpike. Since the turnpike opened in 1955, the Ohio Turnpike Commission has contracted with the Ohio State Highway Patrol to provide law enforcement and assistance to disabled or stranded motorists. They are the only law enforcement agency with jurisdiction on the turnpike.
The Patrol divides the duties of road troopers between traffic enforcement and criminal patrol, with emphasis placed on apprehension of criminals using the state's highways, drug interdiction in particular. Arrests for illegal drugs exceeded 8,400 during the first three quarters of 2017, an increase of 10% over 2016. Recently the Patrol created a mission statement entitled "LifeStat 1.0", detailing the strategic goals for the Patrol. One of the primary goals of this document was the reduction of traffic crash deaths in Ohio to one per 100 million vehicle miles traveled by the end of 2007; the goal was ambitious: the rate reduced to 1.13 in 2007, 1.10 in 2008. According to the Patrol, its 1,400 Troopers made over 1.4 million professional stops in 2006, with 60 percent being non-enforcement stops to help, assist or educate motorists. Twenty-five percent of enforcement-related stops in 2006 was for either aggressive driving or for an OVI offense. The Patrol arrested 26,187 drivers for OVI in 2006, and cited 133,650 drivers for aggressive driving.
The Patrol has a strength of approximately 1,600 Troopers
The OSHP maintains nearly 1,000 support personnel, including load limit inspectors, motor vehicle inspectors, motor carrier enforcement inspectors, dispatchers, electronics technicians, and civilian specialists..
The Patrol also maintains an all-volunteer Auxiliary which was created during World War II to supplement staffing lost to the war effort.
The OSHP also maintains a force of State of Ohio Police Officers mostly located in the Columbus, Ohio area, who provide security police services to the Ohio Department of Transportation and the Ohio Expo Center and State Fairgrounds as well as perform security police functions at special events on state property. State of Ohio Police Officers provide general police services and enforces appropriate laws, rules, regulations, and procedures at selected state facilities. Officers assist in the apprehension and arrest of criminal violators, conduct investigations of suspicious persons and incidents, and assist the public whenever needed. Preliminary qualifications include: United States citizen, Valid driver's license, 21 years of age or older, High school diploma or G.E.D., and OPOTA Certification.
The Ohio State Highway Patrol was founded in 1933 under the command of Colonel Lynn Black. Originally, the Highway Patrol used solid black cars with the Flying Wheel on the door. In 1966, white cruisers made their appearance on the Ohio Turnpike. By 1972 all Ohio State Highway Patrol cruisers were white, which they remained until 1982 when they moved to sterling silver. The silver cars remained until 1991. In 1992, they moved to dark grey cruisers marked with the famous "flying wheel" insignia on the doors and a yellow stripe running the length of the car to make patrol cars more visible to motorists, in the hopes of avoiding trooper deaths related to accidents in Northern Ohio's strong winter storms. However, in 2002, the decision was made to transition the force back to white colored patrol vehicles with larger lightbars in response to a number of incidents where troopers were killed by inattentive motorists. Marked cruisers are once again silver in color. The emergency lighting system is now all blue with two red lights in the grille. The Patrol utilizes a variety of vehicles, including Dodge Chargers, Ford Explorers, and Chevrolet Tahoes. The OSHP remains to this day a highly respected organization, having gained CALEA accreditation. The state patrol made the first state wide radio.
As of 2019, Troopers carry the SIG Sauer P320 which replaced the SIG Sauer P226 DAO (Double-Action Only) in .40 S&W, which had been in service since the early 2000s. The pistol prior to the P226 was the Beretta 96 .40 S&W pistol which is a .40 caliber version of the Beretta 92.
During the history of the Patrol, 41 Troopers have died in performance of their duties.
|Struck by train||2|
|Struck by vehicle||7|
The OSHP demographics are:
The Patrol Auxiliary was created in 1942 when many Troopers entered service with the United States military due to World War II. Originally, members of the Auxiliary were required to be members of the American Legion because they were previous war veterans who were unlikely to be drafted.
Today, volunteer Auxiliary members ride on patrol with Troopers, assist at crash scenes, natural disasters and emergency sites, provide highway safety displays, and patrol the Ohio State Fair.
Table 3: Total Alcohol-Impaired Fatalities and the Corresponding Fatality Rates per 100 Million VMT, 2007–2008. Ohio 1.13 (2007), 1.10 (2008)