Penne alla vodka
A bowl of penne alla vodka topped with grated cheese
Alternative namesPenne vodka, pasta with vodka sauce, Moscow penne
CoursePasta
Place of originItaly
Created byDebated and/or unknown
Inventedc. 1980s, possibly earlier
Cooking time 8 minutes to 10 minutes
Serving temperatureHot
Main ingredientsPenne, vodka, cream, tomatoes, onion
Ingredients generally usedChili flake, garlic, Italian cheese, Italian seasoning, sausage, pancetta, peas

Penne alla vodka (Italian: [ˈpenne alla ˈvɔdka]) is a pasta dish made primarily with vodka and penne (or similar shapes such as rigatoni), usually accompanied with heavy cream, crushed tomatoes or tomato sauce, onions, and sometimes small meats and vegetables like sausage, pancetta or peas. The alcohol apparently helps intensify and accentuate flavors in the dish, among other claims.

The recipe became very popular in Italy and in the United States around the 1980s, when it was offered to discothèque customers.[1] The recipe thus became an icon of the fashionable cuisine of the time, which preferred the use of cream in first courses. Penne alla vodka remains popular in Italian-American cuisine.[2]

Origins

The exact origins of penne alla vodka are unclear, and to some extent the subject of urban legend and folklore.

The first use of vodka in a pasta dish is attested to in 1974, when the Italian actor Ugo Tognazzi published the cookbook L'Abbuffone (means "the bouffe-men", named after Tognazzi's movie La Grande Bouffe), which included his recipe of pasta all'infuriata ('furious pasta'), described as a sort of pasta all'arrabbiata, made with ½ kg of penne, ½ kg of fresh peeled tomatoes, a shot of vodka, chili pepper, oil, garlic, and bay leaves. Tognazzi suggested also that, if using a Polish vodka with chilli ("formidable, tremendous, very strong, very hot, deadly"), the fresh chilli pepper can be omitted.[3]

There have been multiple, often conflicting, claims to the invention and history of the dish; one author claims that it was invented at Dante, a restaurant in Bologna.[4] One cookbook claims that it was invented in the 1980s by a Roman chef for a vodka company that wanted to popularize its product in Italy.[5] The dish may have been common in Italy before becoming popular in America in the early 1980s.[6]

Penne alla vodka

In the 1980s, another recipe based on penne and vodka, called penne alla moscovita (penne on Moscow style), but made with smoked salmon, cream and caviar (or variant with cream and shrimp), became very popular. Because of the particularity and novelty of the recipe compared to traditional Italian cuisine, it was widespread in the discos of the Emilia-Romagna Riviera with the generic name of "penne alla vodka".[citation needed]

On October 25, 2016, the Italian Association of Confectionery and Pasta Industries rediscovered this recipe from the 1980s, proposing it again on the occasion of the 18th edition of the World Pasta Day organized in Moscow, as symbol of friendship between Italy and Russia.[7] The initiative was successful, so much so that research in the U.S. has shown that penne alla vodka has become the second most sought-after dish of pasta in search engines, behind only pasta alla bolognese.[8]

Composition

Penne alla vodka

Along with the penne pasta, this dish generally contains cream sauce mixed with marinara sauce or tomato paste, which are a combination unusual in Italian cooking because the acidity of the tomatoes tends to make the oil in the cream separate. The ethanol (vodka) serves as an emulsifier, allowing the water and lipids to remain mixed together.[citation needed]

Ethanol is also thought to solvate certain flavors from the tomato that would otherwise be inaccessible in water. This is seen in other vodka sauces, as well.[citation needed]

Parma rosa sauce is a variant of the sauce without vodka.

In media

Disco Sauce: The True Story of Penne Alla Vodka was released in 2022 by director Roberto Serrini. The documentary examines the history, composition, and variations of penne alla vodka. The film features chef Pasquale Cozzolino, chef Gaetano Arnone, chef Jae Lee, chef JJ Johnson, chef Jeremy Spector, and molecular gastronomist Hervé This.[9] Disco Sauce is a platinum Viddy,[10] Platinum MarCom[11] and Taste Award[12] winner.

See also

Media related to Penne alla vodka at Wikimedia Commons

References

  1. ^ Cinzia Alfè (13 October 2017). "Riabilitiamo le penne alla vodka dall'ingiusta condizione di discredito". Dissapore.
  2. ^ Long, Lucy (17 July 2015). Ethnic American Food Today: A Cultural Encyclopedia. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 321. ISBN 9781442227316.
  3. ^ Ugo Tognazzi (1974). Penne all'infuriata (in Italian). Milan: Rizzoli Editore. p. 105. ((cite book)): |work= ignored (help)
  4. ^ The ultimate pasta cookbook by Pasquale Bruno New York : Contemporary Books, 1997. ISBN 978-0-8092-3169-0
  5. ^ Essentials of Italian. Steve Seigelman. Williams Sonoma books, 2008.
  6. ^ Food for Friends by Barbara Kafka: Harper & Row, 1984
  7. ^ Svetlana Borisova (25 October 2016). "Il ritorno delle penne alla Vodka". Russia Beyond.
  8. ^ "Penne alla vodka 2ª ricetta più "cliccata" negli USA: torna di moda il piatto simbolo degli anni '80 nel segno dell'amicizia gastronomica tra Italia e Russia" (PDF). Barilla.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ ”Disco Sauce:The True Story of Penne Alla Vodka” was released in 2022 [1]
  10. ^ ”Disco Sauce:The True Story of Penne Alla Vodka” winner of 2022 Platinum Viddy Award [2]
  11. ^ ”Disco Sauce:The True Story of Penne Alla Vodka” winner of 2022 Platinum MarCom Award [3]
  12. ^ "The Taste Awards" [4]