Philip II
Augustus
MSR-ra-73-h-1-DM.jpg
Roman emperor
Reign247–249
PredecessorPhilip the Arab (alone)
SuccessorDecius
Co-emperorPhilip the Arab
Born237
Died249 (aged 12)
Rome
Names
Marcus Julius Severus Philippus
Regnal name
Imperator Caesar Marcus Julius Severus Philippus Augustus
FatherPhilip the Arab
MotherMarcia Otacilia Severa

Philip II (Latin: Marcus Julius Severus Philippus; 237 – 249), also known as Philip the Younger, was the son and heir of the Roman emperor Philip the Arab by his wife Marcia Otacilia Severa.

Life

Aureus of Philip II
Aureus of Philip II

When his father became emperor in 244, the 7-year-old Philip was appointed caesar. In 247 he became consul, and was later elevated by his father to the rank of augustus and co-ruler.[2] The thousandth anniversary of the founding of Rome occurred during their reign and great games and spectacles were planned for the celebration.[3]

Ancient historians say that Philip the Arab and Philip II were both killed in battle by Decius in 249.[4] Modern historians say that when news of Philip the Arab's death reached Rome, Philip II was murdered by the Praetorian Guard at the age of twelve.[2][4][5] Some argue that Philip II was sole ruler of the empire for the fall of 249.[4]


References

  1. ^ Portrait de Philippe le Jeune. Musée Saint-Raymond.
  2. ^ a b Public Domain Ramsay, William (1870). "Philippus II., M. Julius". In Smith, William (ed.). Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. Vol. 3. p. 273.
  3. ^ Eutropius, Breviarium Historiae Romanae, IX, 3.
  4. ^ a b c Pohlsander, Hans A. "Did Decius Kill the Philippi?". Historia: Zeitschrift für Alte Geschichte. 31 – via JSTOR.
  5. ^ Aurelius Victor, Epitome de Caesaribus. xxviii.

Media related to Philippus II at Wikimedia Commons

Regnal titles Preceded byPhilip the Arab Roman Emperor 247–249 Served alongside: Philip the Arab Succeeded byDecius Political offices Preceded byGaius Bruttius Praesens, C. Allius Albinus Roman consul 247–248with Philip the Arab Succeeded byL. Fulvius Gavius Numisius Aemilianus,L. Naevius Aquilinus