Coordinates: 42°58′48″N 70°57′04″W / 42.98000°N 70.95111°W / 42.98000; -70.95111

Phillips Exeter Academy
Phillips Exeter Academy Seal.png
Location
20 Main Street

03833
Information
TypeIndependent, day & boarding
MottoLatin: Non Sibi
(Not for Oneself)
Latin: Finis Origine Pendet
(The End Depends Upon the Beginning)
Greek: Χάριτι Θεοῦ
(By the Grace of God)
Established1781; 241 years ago (1781)
FounderJohn Phillips
Elizabeth Phillips[nb 1]
CEEB code300185
PrincipalWilliam K. Rawson[2]
Faculty217
Grades912
GenderCoeducational
Enrollment1,096 total
865 boarding
214 day
Average class size12 students
Student to teacher ratio5:1
Campus size673 acres (272 ha)
Campus typeSuburban
Color(s)Lively Maroon and Grey
   
Athletics22 Interscholastic sports
62 Interscholastic teams
Athletics conferenceNEPSAC
SSL
Team nameBig Red
RivalPhillips Academy, Andover
AccreditationNAIS
TABS
NewspaperThe Exonian
YearbookPEAN
Endowment$1.3 billion (as of June 2018)[4]
Budget$107 million (2017-2018)[3]
Annual tuition$57,563 (boarding)
$44,960 (day)[5]
AffiliationsEight Schools Association
G30 Schools
Ten Schools Admissions Organization
AlumniOld Exonians
Websitewww.exeter.edu

Phillips Exeter Academy (often called Exeter or PEA) is a highly selective, coeducational independent school for boarding and day students in grades 9 through 12, and offers a secondary postgraduate program. Located in Exeter, New Hampshire, it is one of the oldest secondary schools in the United States and among its most prestigious.[6][7][8]

Exeter is based on the Harkness education system, a conference format of student interaction with minimal teacher involvement. It has the largest endowment of any New England boarding school, which as of 2018 was valued at $1.3 billion.[9][3] On January 25, 2019, William K. Rawson was appointed by the academy's trustees as the 16th Principal Instructor. He is the 4th alumnus of Exeter to serve as Principal Instructor, after Gideon Lane Soule (1838–1873), Harlan Amen (1895–1913), and William Saltonstall (1946–1963).

Phillips Exeter Academy has educated several generations of the New England establishment and prominent American politicians, but has introduced many programs to diversify the student population, including need-blind admission. In 2018, over 45% of students received financial aid from grants totaling over $22 million. The school has been historically highly selective, with an acceptance rate of 15% for the 2019–2020 school year,[10][11] and approximately 30% of graduates attend an Ivy League university.[12]

Management of the school's financial and physical resources is overseen by trustees drawn from alumni. Day-to-day operations are headed by a principal, who is appointed by the trustees. The faculty of the school are responsible for governing matters relating to student life, both in and out of the classroom.[13]

The school's first enrolled class counted 56 boys;[14] in 1970, when the decision was made to implement co-education, there were 700 boys.[15] The 2018 academic year saw enrollment at 1,096 students, with 883 boarding students and 213 day students.[3] The student body is roughly equally split between boys and girls, who are housed in 25 single-sex and two mixed-sex dormitories. Each residence is supervised by a dormitory head selected from the faculty.

History

See also: List of Phillips Exeter Academy principals

Origins

John Phillips, the founder of Phillips Exeter Academy
John Phillips, the founder of Phillips Exeter Academy
First Academy Building c. 1910, where the school opened in 1783
First Academy Building c. 1910, where the school opened in 1783

Phillips Exeter Academy was established in Exeter, New Hampshire, in 1781 by Elizabeth and John Phillips. John Phillips had made his fortune as a merchant and banker before going into public service, and financially supported his nephew Samuel Phillips, Jr. in founding his own school, Phillips Academy, in Andover, Massachusetts, three years earlier. As a result of this family relationship, the two schools share a rivalry.[16] The school that Phillips founded at Exeter was to educate students under a Calvinist religious framework. However, like his nephew who founded Andover, Phillips stipulated in the school's founding charter that it would "ever be equally open to youth of requisite qualifications from every quarter."[14]

Phillips had previously been married to Sarah Gilman, wealthy widow of Phillips' cousin, merchant Nathaniel Gilman,[17] whose large fortune, bequeathed to Phillips, enabled him to endow the academy.[18] The Gilman family also donated to the academy much of the land on which it stands, including the initial 1793 grant by New Hampshire Governor John Taylor Gilman of the Yard, the oldest part of campus; the academy's first class in 1783 included seven Gilmans.[19][20] In 1814, Nicholas Gilman, signer of the U.S. Constitution, left $1,000 to Exeter to teach "sacred music."[21]

The academy's first schoolhouse, the First Academy Building, was built on a site on Tan Lane in 1783,[22] and today stands not far from its original location. The building was dedicated on February 20, 1783, the same day that the school's first Preceptor, William Woodbridge, was chosen by John Phillips.[14]

Exeter's Deed of Gift, written by John Phillips at the founding of the school, states that Exeter's mission is to instill in its students both goodness and knowledge:

"Above all, it is expected that the attention of instructors to the disposition of the minds and morals of the youth under their charge will exceed every other care; well considering that though goodness without knowledge is weak and feeble, yet knowledge without goodness is dangerous, and that both united form the noblest character, and lay the surest foundation of usefulness to mankind."[16]

Exeter baseball team in 1881, including a student from the Chinese Educational Mission
Exeter baseball team in 1881, including a student from the Chinese Educational Mission

Exeter participated in the Chinese Educational Mission, hosting seven students from Qing China, starting in 1879. They were sent to learn about western technology, and attended Exeter among other schools to prepare for college. However, all students were recalled after just 2 years (in 1881) due to mounting tensions between the United States and China, as well as growing concern that the students were becoming Americanized.[23]

Harkness gift

Edward S. Harkness, benefactor
Edward S. Harkness, benefactor

On April 9, 1930, philanthropist and oil magnate Edward Harkness wrote to Exeter Principal Lewis Perry regarding how a substantial donation that Harkness would make to the academy might be used to fund a new way of teaching and learning:

What I have in mind is a classroom where students could sit around a table with a teacher who would talk with them and instruct them by a sort of tutorial or conference method, where each student would feel encouraged to speak up. This would be a real revolution in methods.[24]

The result was "Harkness teaching", in which a teacher and a group of students work together, exchanging ideas and information, similar to the Socratic method. In November 1930, Harkness gave Exeter $5.8 million to support this initiative. Since then, the academy's principal mode of instruction has been by discussion, "seminar style," around an oval table known as the Harkness table.[25][26] Today at Phillips Exeter Academy, all classes are taught using this method, with no more than 12 or 13 students per class.

This informality was for many decades reflected in the school's "unwritten code that there were no rules at the academy until you broke one."[27] Expelled alumni include the journalist David Lamb and the writer and editor George Plimpton.

Recent history

The academy became coeducational in 1970 when 39 girls began attending.[15][28] In 1996, to reflect the academy's coeducational status, a new gender-inclusive Latin inscription Hic Quaerite Pueri Puellaeque Virtutem et Scientiam ("Here, boys and girls, seek goodness and knowledge") was added over the main entrance to the Academy Building. This new inscription augments the original one—Huc Venite, Pueri, ut Viri Sitis ("Come hither boys so that ye may become men").[29]

Academics

Exeter uses an 11-point grading system, in which an A is worth 11 points and an E is worth 0 points. Exeter has a student-to-teacher ratio of about 5:1.[30] A majority of the faculty have advanced degrees in their fields.[31] Students who attend Exeter for four years are required to take courses in the arts, classical or modern languages, computer science, English, health & human development, history, mathematics, religion, and science. Most students receive an English diploma, but students who take the full series of Latin and Ancient Greek classes receive a Classical diploma.[32]

Harkness teaching method

Most classes at Exeter are taught around Harkness tables. No classrooms have rows of chairs, and lectures are rare. The completion of the Phelps Science Center in 2001 enabled all science classes, which previously had been taught in more conventional classrooms, to be conducted around the same Harkness tables.[33] Elements of the Harkness method, including the Harkness table, are now used in schools around the world.[34][35]

Notable faculty

Main article: List of Phillips Exeter Academy people § Notable faculty members and trustees of Phillips Exeter Academy

Off-campus study

During the tenure of Exeter's tenth principal, Richard W. Day, the Washington Intern Program and the Foreign Studies Program began.[44] Exeter offers the Washington Intern Program, where students intern in the office of a senator or congressional representative.[45][46] Exeter also participates in the Milton Academy Mountain School program,[47] which allows students to study in a small rural setting in Vershire, Vermont.[48] The academy currently sponsors trimester-long foreign study programs in Grenoble, Tema, Tokyo, Saint Petersburg, Stratford-upon-Avon, Eleuthera, Taichung, Göttingen, Rome, Cuenca, and Callan;[47] as well as school-year abroad programs in Beijing, Rennes, Viterbo, and Zaragoza.[49][50] The academy also offers foreign language summer programs in France, Japan, Spain, and Taiwan.

Numbers

For the 313 members of the class of 2018, the average SAT (Scholastic Aptitude Test) was 700 verbal, 740 math.

Between 2016 and 2018, 15 or more students matriculated at the following colleges and universities: Brown, Carnegie Mellon, Columbia, Dartmouth, Georgetown, Harvard, MIT, Princeton, Trinity College, Tufts, Michigan, UPenn, Williams, and Yale.[51]

Student body

1909 advertisement for the school
1909 advertisement for the school
Student body composition (2020–21)[52]
Race and ethnicity Total
White 47.6% 47.6
 
Asian 29.5% 29.5
 
Black 11.5% 11.5
 
Hispanic 9.0% 9
 
American Indian/Alaska Native 1.5% 1.5
 
Two or more Races 0.6% 0.6
 
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander 0.3% 0.3
 

For the 2019–20 school year, the Exeter student body included students from 44 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, and 31 countries.[53] Students of color comprise 52.4% of the student body (Asian 29.5%, Black 11.5%, Hispanic/Latino 9.0%, Native American 1.5%, multiracial 0.6%, Pacific Islander 0.3%).[52] Legacy students account for 13% of the students. Of new students entering in 2019 (a total of 314), 52% attended public school and 48% attended private, parochial, military, home, or foreign schools.[54]

Most Exeter students—80 percent—live on campus in dormitories or houses. The remaining 19 percent of the student body are day students from the surrounding communities.[55]

The academy uses a unique designation for its grade levels. Entering first-year students are called Juniors (nicknamed "preps"), second-year students are Lower Middlers ("lowers"), third-year students are Upper Middlers ("uppers"), and fourth-year students are seniors. Exeter also admits postgraduate students ("PGs").[56]

Finances

Tuition and financial aid

Tuition for boarding students in 2018-19 was $55,000, plus other mandatory and optional fees.[57][58]

Exeter offers need-based financial aid. For families with incomes less than $75,000, Exeter is free.[59] Partial assistance is available for families with incomes up to $200,000. Admissions are currently need-blind.[60] In 2018, approximately 50 percent of students received a total of $21 million in financial assistance.[61]

Endowment

Exeter's endowment as of June 30, 2017, was valued at $1.3 billion.[3] This is the third-highest endowment of any American secondary school, behind the $11.0 billion endowment of Kamehameha Schools in Hawaii,[62] and the $13.7 billion of the Milton Hershey School in Pennsylvania.[63] Phillips Exeter Academy's operational budget was $107 million as of 2018.[3]

Campus facilities

The Academy Building
The Academy Building
The Class of 1945 Library

Academic facilities

Athletic facilities

Other facilities

Phillips Church in 1911
Phillips Church in 1911
View from the tower of Phillips Church in 1911, showing Alumni Hall (1903, now Mayer Art Center), and third Academy Building (1872–1914)
View from the tower of Phillips Church in 1911, showing Alumni Hall (1903, now Mayer Art Center), and third Academy Building (1872–1914)
Abbot Hall
Abbot Hall

Athletics

Exeter offers 65 interscholastic sports teams at the varsity and junior varsity level, 27 intramural sports teams, and various fitness classes. All students are required to participate in athletics.

Water polo, wrestling, swimming, cycling, soccer, squash, cross country, crew, and ice hockey teams have won recent New England championships.[77]

Exeter has graduated multiple elite athletes in the past few decades. For example, crew Olympians include Anne Marden '76, Rajanya Shah '92, Sabrina Kolker '98, and Andréanne Morin '02. Georgia Gould is an Olympic medalist in mountain biking, while Joy Fahrenkrog is a member of the United States Archery Team. Duncan Robinson plays for the Miami Heat in the National Basketball Association. Tom Cavanagh played in the National Hockey League. Sam Fuld played 8 years of Major League Baseball, and became the General Manager of the Philadelphia Phillies in 2020.

Exeter's main rival is Phillips Academy Andover. The two schools have been competing against each other in both baseball and football since 1878 (in those first games, Exeter defeated Andover 12–0 in baseball, while Andover won the football game, 22-0).[78] Today, Exeter-Andover weekend is still a large tradition in both schools.

Other athletic opponents include a variety of New England private schools such as Belmont Hill School, Berwick Academy, Deerfield Academy, Northfield Mount Hermon, Brewster Academy, Choate Rosemary Hall, Groton School, The Governor's Academy, Loomis Chaffee, Tabor Academy, Milton Academy, Avon Old Farms, Worcester Academy, Cushing Academy, and various other northeastern prep and boarding schools.[79]

Student life

Exeter had a gendered dress code until June 2015.[80] Boys were required to wear collared shirts and ties or turtlenecks. Girls were required to wear non-revealing, appropriate attire. Skirts and shorts must reach finger-tip length, and straps may not be less than two fingers wide. Jeans were allowed for boys and girls; however, "hoodies," graphic T-shirts, and athletic wear are not permitted. The new dress code is gender neutral, and no longer requires ties. Dress code is required only in the classroom setting and Assembly.[81]

The academy has over 100 clubs listed. The number of functioning and reputable clubs fluctuates; several of the listed clubs on the website do not hold tables on Club Night. The Exonian is the school's weekly newspaper. It is the oldest continuously running preparatory school newspaper in the United States, having begun publishing in 1878. Recently, The Exonian began online publication.[82] The Exonian has been a finalist for a National Pacemaker Award several times, winning in 2007. Other long-established clubs include ESSO, which focuses on social service outreach, and the PEAN, which is the academy's yearbook. Exeter also has the oldest surviving secondary school society, the Golden Branch (founded in 1818), a society for public speaking, inspired by PEA's Rhetorical Society of 1807–1820. Now known as the Daniel Webster Debate Society, these groups served as America's first secondary school organization for oratory.[83] The Model UN club has won the "Best Small Delegation" award at HMUN.[84] Exeter's Mock Trial Association, founded by attorney and historian Walter Stahr,[85] has since 2011 claimed seventeen individual titles, five all-around state titles, and a top-ten spot at the National High School Mock Trial Championship.[86]

Close to 80% of students live in the dormitories, with the other 20% commuting from homes within a 30-mile (48 km) radius. Each residence hall has several faculty members and senior student proctors. There are check-in hours of 8:00 pm (for first- and second-year students), 9:00pm (for third years), and 10:00 pm (for seniors) during the weekdays and 11:00 pm on Saturday night.[81]

Student body, Phillips Exeter Academy, ca. 1903
Student body, Phillips Exeter Academy, ca. 1903

Religious life on campus is supported by the Religious Services Department, which provides a vintage stone chapel and a full-service ministry for the spiritual needs of students.[87] The chapel was originally built in 1895 and has been updated. It accommodates worship for "twelve religious traditions including Christian, Muslim, Jewish, Hindu, Quaker, Buddhist, Catholic among others"[88] as well as Secular Humanism.[87]

Weekly attendance at the religious service of their choice was required of students until 1969, after which religion at Exeter languished until it was revived by a new approach "as concerned with the religious dimension of all of our lives as it is with the particular religious needs of any one of us." A renovation of Phillips Church, completed in 2002, provided spaces for worship and meditation for students of diverse religious persuasions.[89]

Sexual misconduct

Exeter has struggled to deal effectively with multiple incidents in which students were sexually abused by faculty and staff.

An incident of sexual misconduct that occurred in the basement of the church in late 2015 first brought criticism to the school.[90]

A more in-depth investigation by an outside law firm uncovered sexual misconduct that occurred at Exeter since the 1970s and involved at least 11 members of the faculty and staff. The report harshly criticized the school for not supporting the victims when they reported the incidents and for a pattern of not including these allegations in the faculty members' files. In April 2016, Exeter hired a law firm of Holland & Knight LLP to investigate allegations of past misconduct by Exeter faculty and staff. A report was released in August 2018 providing an overview of the investigation and the findings of Holland & Knight LLP. [91]

Through this process, Holland & Knight was assigned and completed 28 investigations. Of those 28 matters, 26 involved reported misconduct of a sexual nature by an Exeter faculty or staff member towards an Exeter student occurring at various points spanning from the 1950s to the 2010s. During the course of these 28 investigations, Holland & Knight conducted approximately 294 interviews of over 170 individuals. [92] The persons interviewed were located in various states, as well as in multiple countries. According to the findings, the school maintained two sets of files, and would keep the more sensitive material away from Human Resources and prospective employers. Some of these faculty members would then leave Exeter but get hired at peer schools. In at least one case, the teacher then molested students at their next school. The allegations involve staffers who have since been fired, left the school or have died. Several have been named in the past by the school. In a letter, Exeter officials apologized to the school community, including victims who have come forward and those who have remained silent.[93][94]

Emblems

Academy seal

Exeter has two chief symbols: a seal depicting a river, sun and beehive, incorporating the academy's mottos; and the Lion Rampant. The seal has similarities to that used by Phillips Academy—an emblem designed by Paul Revere—and its imagery is Masonic in nature. A beehive often represented the industry and cooperation of a lodge or, in this case, the studies and united efforts of Academy students. The Lion Rampant is derived from the Phillips family's coat of arms, and suggests that all of the academy's alumni are part of the "Exonian family".

Exeter has three mottoes on the academy seal: Non Sibi (Latin 'Not for oneself') indicating a life based on community and duty; Finis origine pendet (Latin 'The end depends on the beginning') reflecting Exeter's emphasis on hard work as preparation for a fruitful adult life; and Χάριτι Θεοῦ (Greek 'By the grace of God') reflecting Exeter's Calvinist origins, of which the only remnant today is the school's requirement that most students take two courses in religion or philosophy.[95]

School colors and the alumnus tie

There are several variants of school colors associated with Phillips Exeter Academy that range from crimson red and white to burgundy red and silver. Black is also a color associated with the school to a lesser extent. The official school colors are lively maroon and gray. The traditional school tie is a burgundy red tie with alternating diagonal silver stripes and silver lions rampant. The school’s athletic teams today wear the Pantone Matching System color PMS201.

Notable alumni

Letter from President Abraham Lincoln to Mary Todd Lincoln, written from Exeter, where Lincoln was visiting son Robert Todd Lincoln, then an Exeter student. March 1860
Letter from President Abraham Lincoln to Mary Todd Lincoln, written from Exeter, where Lincoln was visiting son Robert Todd Lincoln, then an Exeter student. March 1860

Main article: List of Phillips Exeter Academy people § Notable alumni

Early alumni of Exeter include US Senator Daniel Webster (1796);[96] John Adams Dix (1809)[97] a Secretary of the Treasury and Governor of New York; US President Franklin Pierce (1820);[98] physician and founder of Sigma Pi Phi Henry McKee Minton (1851); Abraham Lincoln's son and 35th Secretary of War Robert Lincoln (1860);[99] Ulysses S. Grant, Jr. (1870);[100] Richard and Francis Cleveland;[101] "grandfather of football" Amos Alonzo Stagg (1880);[102] Pulitzer Prize-winning author Booth Tarkington (1889)[103] and Hugo W. Koehler (1903), American naval spy during the Russian Revolution and step-father of United States Senator Claiborne Pell.[104][105] John Knowles, author of A Separate Peace and Peace Breaks Out, was a 1945 graduate; both novels are set at the fictional Devon School, which serves as an analog for his alma mater.[106]

Exeter alumni pursue careers in various fields. Other alumni noted for their work in government include Gifford Pinchot,[107] Lewis Cass,[108] Judd Gregg,[109] Jay Rockefeller,[110] Kent Conrad,[111] John Negroponte,[112] Bobby Shriver,[113] Robert Bauer[114] and Peter Orszag.[115] Alumni notable for their military service include Secretary of Navy George Bancroft, Benjamin Butler,[116] and Charles C. Krulak.[117] Authors George Plimpton,[118] John Knowles,[106] Gore Vidal,[119] John Irving (whose stepfather taught at Exeter),[120] Robert Anderson,[121] Dan Brown (whose father taught at Exeter),[122] Peter Benchley,[123] James Agee,[124] Chang-Rae Lee,[125] Debby Herbenick,[126] Stewart Brand,[127] Norb Vonnegut,[128] Roland Merullo[129] and Caroline Calloway[130] also attended the academy.

Other notable alumni include businessmen Joseph Coors,[131] Michael Lynton,[132] Tom Steyer,[133] Mark Zuckerberg,[134] David Goel,[135] and Stephen Mandel;[136] lawyer Bradley Palmer;[137] entrepreneur and presidential candidate Andrew Yang,[138] journalist Drew Pearson,[139] Dwight Macdonald,[140] producer and entrepreneur Lauren Selig, James F. Hoge, Jr.,[141] Paul Klebnikov,[142] Trish Regan,[143] Suzy Welch,[144] and Sarah Lyall;[145] actors Michael Cerveris,[146] Catherine Disher,[147] Jack Gilpin,[148] and Alessandro Nivola;[149] film director Howard Hawks;[150] musicians Phil Wilson,[151]Bill Keith,[152] Benmont Tench,[153] China Forbes,[154] Ketch Secor,[155] Win Butler[156] and William Butler;[157] historians Robert Cowley,[158] Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.,[159] and Brooks D. Simpson;[160] writers Roxane Gay[161] and Joyce Maynard;[162] screenwriters Tom Whedon[163] and Tom Mankiewicz;[164] baseball players Robert Rolfe[165] and Sam Fuld;[166] educators Jared Sparks[167] and Benno C. Schmidt, Jr.;[168] composer Adam Guettel;[169] musician and podcaster Hrishikesh Hirway, humorist Greg Daniels;[170] mathematicians Shinichi Mochizuki,[171] David Mumford,[172] and Lloyd Shapley, winner of the 2012 Nobel Prize in economics;[173] economist Paul Romer, winner of the 2018 Nobel Prize in economics,[174] computer scientist Adam D'Angelo (co-founder of Quora);[175] and philosopher and evolutionary biologist Daniel Dennett.[176] Serial killer H.H. Holmes also attended the school.[177]

Other academic programs

Summer school

Each summer, Phillips Exeter hosts over 780 students from various schools for a five-week program of academic study. The summer program accommodates a diverse student body typically derived from over 40 different states and 45 foreign countries.[178]

Exeter's summer school is divided into two programs of study: Upper School, which offers a wide variety of classes to students currently enrolled in high school who are entering grades ten through 12 as well as serving postgraduates; and Access Exeter, a program for students entering grades eight and nine, which offers accelerated study in the arts, sciences and writing as well as serving as an introduction to the school itself. Access Exeter curriculum consists of six academic clusters; each cluster consists of three courses organized around a focused central theme. Some of Exeter's summer school programs also give students the opportunity to experience studies outside of Exeter's campus environment, including interactions with other top schools and students, experience with Washington D.C., and travel abroad.[179]

Workshops

The academy offers a number of workshops and conferences for secondary school educators. These include the Exeter Math Institute; the Exeter Humanities Institute; the Math, Science and Technology Conference; the Exeter Astronomy Conference; and the Shakespeare Conference.[180]

The "On Beyond Exeter" program offers one-week seminars for alumni. Most courses are held at the academy, but some meet in the locations central to the course's topic.

Historical endeavors

In 1952, Exeter, Andover, Lawrenceville, Harvard, Princeton and Yale published the study General Education in School and College: A Committee Report. The report recommended examinations that would place students after admission to college. This program evolved into the Advanced Placement Program.[181][182]

In 1965 Exeter became the second charter member (after Andover) of the School Year Abroad program.[183] The program allows students to reside and study a foreign language abroad.

In popular culture

See also: List of Phillips Exeter Academy people § In fiction

Several works are based on Exeter and portray the lives of its students. Many are written by alumni who disguise Exeter's name, but not its character, such as John Knowles and his novel A Separate Peace.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Elizabeth Phillips was recognized as co-founder of Phillips Exeter alongside her husband John in 2018.[1]

References

  1. ^ Brandes, Anne; Little, Ginny (September 13, 2018), Academy Center Honors Female Co-Founders, The Exonian
  2. ^ Muldoon, Brian (January 24, 2019). "Bill Rawson '71 named principal at Phillips Exeter Academy". Phillips Exeter Academy. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved January 25, 2019.
  3. ^ a b c d e "FACTS: 2018-2019" (PDF). Phillips Exeter Academy. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 22, 2019. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  4. ^ "Financial Report 2018" (PDF). Phillips Exeter Academy. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 30, 2020. Retrieved October 28, 2019.
  5. ^ "Phillips Exeter Academy Tuition & Fees 2020–2021". Archived from the original on December 28, 2017. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  6. ^ Loudenback, Emmie Martin, Tanza. "The 50 most elite boarding schools in America". Business Insider. Archived from the original on April 25, 2019. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  7. ^ "The Status of African Americans at the Nation's Most Prestigious Boarding Schools". The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education (14): 26–28. 1996. doi:10.2307/2962808. ISSN 1077-3711. JSTOR 2962808.
  8. ^ Robinson, Melia (August 9, 2019). "What it's like to attend Phillips Exeter Academy, one of the most elite boarding schools in America". The Telegraph. Retrieved March 24, 2020.
  9. ^ "Mark Zuckerberg attended the most elite boarding school in America". Business Insider. Archived from the original on March 12, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  10. ^ Akil, Moksha; Yeung, Felix (March 21, 2019). "PEA Accepts 15 Percent of Applicants". The Exonian. Archived from the original on August 29, 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  11. ^ "College Matriculation for Classes 2016-2018" (PDF). exeter.edu. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 25, 2018. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  12. ^ "Top US Private Schools with the Most Graduates Getting Into Ivy League Universities". TheStreet. October 15, 2015. Archived from the original on August 6, 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2020.
  13. ^ "Governance at Exeter". Phillips Exeter Academy. Archived from the original on February 24, 2013. Retrieved February 23, 2013.
  14. ^ a b c The Phillips Exeter Academy; A History by Laurence M. Crosbie. The Academy. 1923. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  15. ^ a b "Phillips Exeter to Go Coed". The Harvard Crimson. February 28, 1970. Archived from the original on September 9, 2013. Retrieved February 23, 2013.
  16. ^ a b Echols, Edward (1970). "The Phillips Exeter Academy, A Pictorial History". Exeter Press: 49. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  17. ^ Brown, Connie (Summer 2005). "Behind Every Successful Man" (PDF). The Exeter Bulletin. Archived from the original (PDF) on April 5, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2012.
  18. ^ Bell, Charles Henry (1883). Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire, Charles Henry Bell, William B. Morrill, Exeter, N.H., 1883. W. B. Morrill, printer.
  19. ^ New Hampshire: A Guide to the Granite State, Federal Writers Project, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1938. Federal Writers' Project. 1938. ISBN 9781603540285. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  20. ^ General Catalogue of Officers and Students, 1783–1903, The Phillips Exeter Academy, News-Letter Press, Exeter, 1903. 1903. Archived from the original on December 22, 2019. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  21. ^ The trustees of Phillips Exeter Academy. "Phillips Exeter Academy | Academy Chronology". Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved July 16, 2019.
  22. ^ Tolles, Bryant Franklin; Tolles, Carolyn K. (1979). New Hampshire Architecture: An Illustrated Guide. University Press of New England. p. 49. ISBN 978-0-87451-167-3.
  23. ^ Rimkunas, Barbara (2014). Hidden History of Exeter. Arcadia Publishing. p. 81. ISBN 978-1-62585-264-9. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved September 6, 2018.
  24. ^ Bass, Jo Ann F.; et al. (2007). A declaration of readers' rights: renewing our commitment to students. Boston: A & B/Pearson. p. 67. ISBN 978-0205499793. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  25. ^ "Why the Classes at Phillips Exeter Are Different Than at Any Other Private School". Business Insider. Archived from the original on May 1, 2021. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  26. ^ "Phillips Exeter Academy | Harkness". Archived from the original on December 20, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  27. ^ Lamb, David (January 5, 1986). "Exeter Remembered: Prep School Gambler Who Finally Makes His Point". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 11, 2019. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  28. ^ "Phillips Exeter Academy – Academy Chronology". Archived from the original on June 17, 2008.
  29. ^ Heskel, Julia; Dyer, Davis (2008). After the Harkness Gift: A History of Phillips Exeter Academy Since 1930. Exeter, N.H.: Phillips Exeter Academy. ISBN 978-0-9769787-1-8. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  30. ^ Laneri, Raquel. "No. 6: Phillips Exeter Academy". Forbes. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  31. ^ "Phillips Exeter Academy – Academics". Archived from the original on April 30, 2008. Retrieved May 6, 2008.
  32. ^ "Courses of Instruction". Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  33. ^ Crosbie, Michael J. (2004). Architecture for science. Mulgrave, Vic.: Images Publ. p. 192. ISBN 978-1-920744-64-9. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  34. ^ "St. Paul's School ~ Our Academic Program". Archived from the original on February 14, 2013. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  35. ^ "We learn by doing!". Harknessinstitute.org. Archived from the original on May 4, 2013. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  36. ^ Now and Then. Repr. San Francisco: Harper SanFrancisco, 1991. p. 47
  37. ^ "Michael Golay". Simon & Schuster. Archived from the original on April 10, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  38. ^ "Todd Hearon". Poetry Foundation. April 9, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  39. ^ "Berwick Academy to host poet, author Willie Perdomo". fosters.com. Archived from the original on April 10, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  40. ^ "Brief Biography of Zuming Feng from the University of Texas at Dallas". Metroplexmathcircle.wordpress.com. February 3, 2009. Archived from the original on April 6, 2012. Retrieved August 27, 2012.
  41. ^ "Gwynneth Coogan '83". Phillips Exeter Academy. Archived from the original on April 10, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  42. ^ "Salem's Rep. Garcia named Republican rising star | New Hampshire Salem Observer". Unionleader.com. August 17, 2013. Archived from the original on December 3, 2013. Retrieved October 23, 2013.
  43. ^ "Former Olympian Toyin Augustus has raced through life nicely since Beijing". AL.com. Archived from the original on April 10, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  44. ^ "Exeter Principal R.W. Day Resigns For New Career" (PDF). The Phillipian. May 31, 1973.
  45. ^ "A Capitol Experience". Phillips Exeter Academy. Archived from the original on April 10, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  46. ^ Selden, Nathan R. W. (June 7, 1981). "Personal Glimpses of Washington". Washington Post. Archived from the original on April 10, 2018. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  47. ^ a b "2017–2018 Courses of Instruction" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on September 28, 2017. Retrieved November 29, 2017.
  48. ^ "School History". The Mountain School. Archived from the original on December 28, 2017. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  49. ^ "School Year Abroad – History". Archived from the original on December 14, 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  50. ^ "Schools - School Year Abroad". www.sya.org. Retrieved April 10, 2018.
  51. ^ "2018-19 Profile for Colleges" (PDF). Phillips Exeter Academy. Archived (PDF) from the original on August 6, 2020. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  52. ^ a b "Phillips Exeter Academy". U.S. News & World Report. Retrieved August 29, 2022.
  53. ^ "Exeter at a Glance" (PDF). Exeter.edu. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 30, 2020. Retrieved May 29, 2020.
  54. ^ "Phillips Exeter Academy Facts 2017–2018" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on December 28, 2018. Retrieved November 28, 2017.
  55. ^ "Facts 2012~2013" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on January 16, 2013. Retrieved January 8, 2013.
  56. ^ "Lexicon of Exeter Terminology and Slang" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 30, 2012. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  57. ^ "Phillips Exeter Academy | Tuition and Fees". Archived from the original on December 28, 2017. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
  58. ^ "Phillips Exeter Academy". Boarding School Review. Archived from the original on April 24, 2019. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  59. ^ "Phillips Exeter Academy | Tuition and Financial Aid". Archived from the original on January 5, 2013. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  60. ^ Kennedy, Robert (February 21, 2019). "Understanding Financial Aid". Archived from the original on August 23, 2019. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  61. ^ "Phillips Exeter Academy | Tuition and Fees". Archived from the original on December 28, 2017. Retrieved October 20, 2018.
  62. ^ "KS AR 2004-PDF prep 01.indd" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 26, 2009. Retrieved August 27, 2012.
  63. ^ "IRS Form 990 Milton Hershey School and School Trust" (PDF). Foundation Center. July 31, 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on April 14, 2021. Retrieved July 18, 2020.
  64. ^ a b c d e Walker Aten, Carol (2003). Postcards from Exeter. Portsmouth, NH: Arcadia. p. 45. ISBN 978-0-7385-3481-7. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  65. ^ "Rooms with a View – A Portfolio of Exeter Classrooms" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on March 9, 2013. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  66. ^ Huxtable, Ada Louise (2008). On architecture: collected reflections on a century of change (1st U.S. ed.). New York: Walker. p. 188. ISBN 978-0-8027-1707-8. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  67. ^ "Community Hubs". Phillips Exeter Academy. Archived from the original on September 8, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  68. ^ "Goel Center for Theater and Dance". Phillips Exeter Academy. Archived from the original on September 8, 2018. Retrieved September 8, 2018.
  69. ^ "Centerbrook Architects and Planners > Complete List of Awards". Archived from the original on December 28, 2014. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  70. ^ "Tour". Exeter.edu. Archived from the original on June 1, 2013. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  71. ^ Fowler, Glenn (July 27, 1991). "George H. Love, 90, Industrialist Who Headed Two Corporations". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on February 12, 2018. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  72. ^ "Phillips Exeter Academy George H. Love'18 Athletic Facility, Exeter by Kallmann McKinnell & Wood Architects". www.kmwarch.com. Archived from the original on February 13, 2018. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  73. ^ "New field house opens at Exeter | Phillips Exeter Academy". exeter.edu. Archived from the original on February 13, 2018. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  74. ^ "Athletic Field House | Phillips Exeter Academy". www.exeter.edu. Archived from the original on December 28, 2017. Retrieved February 12, 2018.
  75. ^ "Phillips Exeter Academy | Athletic Facilities". Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved January 6, 2013.
  76. ^ New Hampshire: A Guide to the Granite State, Federal Writers' Project, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1938. Federal Writers' Project. 1938. ISBN 9781603540285. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  77. ^ "Race Results Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on May 8, 2012. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  78. ^ "Academy Chronology". Phillips Exeter Academy. Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
  79. ^ "Phillips Exeter Academy | Go Big Red!". Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  80. ^ "Gender-Neutral Dress Code a First for PEA". The Exonian. May 14, 2015. Archived from the original on May 20, 2015. Retrieved May 20, 2015.
  81. ^ a b "The E Book 2012–2013" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on December 24, 2012. Retrieved January 2, 2013.
  82. ^ "The Exonian". theexonian.com. Archived from the original on June 10, 2015. Retrieved July 3, 2015.
  83. ^ (Echols 1970, p. 21)
  84. ^ "The Exonian". February 2, 2017. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved April 2, 2017.
  85. ^ "About Us". PEA Mock Trial. Archived from the original on February 27, 2018. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
  86. ^ "The Exonian 9 June 2013 — The Exonian Archives". archive.theexonian.com. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved February 27, 2018.
  87. ^ a b "Phillips Church Archived June 27, 2017, at the Wayback Machine," Phillips Exeter Academy, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  88. ^ "Phillips Church at Phillips Exeter Academy: Exeter, NH Archived August 14, 2017, at the Wayback Machine," Cram and Ferguson Architects. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  89. ^ Oppenheimer, Mark. "At Phillips Exeter, a World of Religious Diversity Archived November 30, 2018, at the Wayback Machine," The New York Times, April 11, 2014. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  90. ^ Abelson, Jenn (July 13, 2016). "Phillips Exeter Academy under fire again for its handling of sexual misconduct allegations". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on July 8, 2017. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
  91. ^ "Overview of the Holland & Knight Investigations" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on November 4, 2020. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  92. ^ "Overview of the Holland & Knight Investigations" (PDF). August 2018. Archived (PDF) from the original on November 4, 2020. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  93. ^ "11 former New Hampshire prep school staffers accused of abuse". www.cbsnews.com. Archived from the original on August 16, 2019. Retrieved June 17, 2020.
  94. ^ Pérez-Peña, Richard (November 14, 2017). "Phillips Exeter Deans Failed to Report Sex Assault Case, Police Say". Archived from the original on August 16, 2019. Retrieved August 26, 2019.
  95. ^ "Phillips Exeter Academy | Academy Archives". Archived from the original on March 4, 2019. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  96. ^ "WEBSTER, Daniel, (1782–1852)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Archived from the original on December 13, 2012. Retrieved December 14, 2013.
  97. ^ Dix, Morgan (1883). Memoirs of John Adams Dix. Harper & Brothers.
  98. ^ "Franklin Pierce". Totally History. September 28, 2011. Archived from the original on March 27, 2014. Retrieved December 14, 2013.
  99. ^ "Whatever happened to Robert Todd Lincoln?". seacoastonline.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  100. ^ Wead, Doug (January 6, 2004). All the Presidents' Children: Triumph and Tragedy in the Lives of America's First Families. Simon and Schuster. p. 73. ISBN 978-0-7434-4633-4. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  101. ^ New Hampshire: A Guide to the Granite State, Federal Writers' Project, Houghton Mifflin Company, Boston, 1938. Federal Writers' Project. 1938. p. 163. ISBN 978-1-60354-028-5. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved September 24, 2016.
  102. ^ "Stagg at Exter Dinner – Football Coach Tells Academy Alumni of His Student Days". The New York Times. December 16, 1932. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  103. ^ "Hoosier Beacon: Booth Tarkington, Hoosier novelist". Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  104. ^ Phillips Exeter Academy (1903). General Catalogue of the Officers and Students of the Phillips Exeter Academy. 1783–1903. News-letter Press. p. 186. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved March 4, 2018.
  105. ^ Harvard College (1780- ). Class of 1907 (1917). Secretary's Fourth Report. Plimpton Press. p. 216. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved March 4, 2018.
  106. ^ a b Magrone, Callie. "Author John Knowles dies". seacoastonline.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  107. ^ "Gifford Pinchot (1865–1946)". United States Department of Agriculture Forest Service. 2018. Archived from the original on August 18, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  108. ^ General Catalogue of Officers and Students, 1783–1903. Phillips Exeter Academy. 1903. p. 75.
  109. ^ Altman, Alex (February 4, 2009). "Commerce Secretary Judd Gregg". Time. ISSN 0040-781X. Archived from the original on May 12, 2016. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  110. ^ Toner, Robin. "Rockefeller's Assets". Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  111. ^ Smith, Nick. "Conrad's early career marked by 1986 win, pledge". Bismarck Tribune. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  112. ^ Blumenfeld, Laura (January 29, 2007). "For Negroponte, Move to State Dept. Is a Homecoming". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  113. ^ Oppenheimer, Jerry (2015). RFK Jr.: Robert F. Kennedy Jr. and the Dark Side of the Dream. Macmillan. p. 101. ISBN 978-1-250-03295-9. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  114. ^ "Bob Bauer". Washington Post. July 26, 2012. Archived from the original on September 25, 2012. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  115. ^ "Obama expected to name Peter Orszag OMB director (11/18/08)". GovExec.com. Archived from the original on June 6, 2011. Retrieved January 21, 2011.
  116. ^ West, Richard Sedgewick (1965). Lincoln's Scapegoat General: A Life of Benjamin F. Butler, 1818–1893. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
  117. ^ "Charles C. Krulak :: Notable Graduates :: USNA". www.usna.edu. Archived from the original on June 13, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  118. ^ Remnick, David (September 29, 2003). "George Plimpton". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  119. ^ Gore Vidal: A Critical Companion Susan Baker, Curtis S. Gibson. Greenwood Publishing Group, 1997. ISBN 0-313-29579-4. p. 3.
  120. ^ "Becoming John Irving". unhmagazine.unh.edu. Archived from the original on April 29, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  121. ^ Weber, Bruce (February 10, 2009). "Robert Anderson, Playwright of 'Tea and Sympathy,' Dies at 91". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  122. ^ Rothman, Joshua (June 21, 2013). "When Dan Brown Came to Visit". The New Yorker. ISSN 0028-792X. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  123. ^ "Nathaniel Benchley". HarperCollins US. Archived from the original on December 8, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  124. ^ "Agee FIlms: Agee Chronology". www.ageefilms.org. Archived from the original on October 27, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  125. ^ Wu, Yung-Hsing. "Chang-rae Lee." Asian- American Writers. Ed. Deborah L. Madsen. Detroit: Gale, 2005. Dictionary of Literary Biography Vol. 312. Literature Resource Center. Web. April 19, 2014.
  126. ^ "How We Educate Students". Phillips Exeter Academy. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  127. ^ "Bio..." sb.longnow.org. Archived from the original on October 6, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  128. ^ "Book tour for best-selling author, Norb Vonnegut » Newman Communications". newmancom.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  129. ^ "About". rolandmerullo.com. Archived from the original on July 22, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  130. ^ Flanagan, Caitlin (September 27, 2019). "Caroline Calloway Isn't a Scammer". The Atlantic. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved April 5, 2021.
  131. ^ "Joe Coors Jr., former black sheep of family, now running for office". The Denver Post. September 22, 2012. Archived from the original on May 2, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  132. ^ "Robert Boynton". www.robertboynton.com. Archived from the original on January 13, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  133. ^ "Tom Steyer: An Inconvenient Billionaire". Men's Journal. February 18, 2014. Archived from the original on October 10, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  134. ^ Vargas, Jose Antonio. "The Face of Facenook; Mark Zuckerberg Opens Up" Archived February 18, 2020, at the Wayback Machine, The New Yorker, September 20, 2010. Accessed March 21, 2017. "According to his Facebook profile, Zuckerberg has three sisters (Randi, Donna, and Arielle), all of whom he's friends with. He's friends with his parents, Karen and Edward Zuckerberg. He graduated from Phillips Exeter Academy and attended Harvard University."
  135. ^ "The Exeter Bulletin Special Edition" (PDF). Phillips Exeter Academy. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 4, 2016. Retrieved February 14, 2019.
  136. ^ "#316 Stephen Mandel Jr". Forbes 400. February 14, 2019. Archived from the original on February 15, 2019. Retrieved February 14, 2019.
  137. ^ D'Amaro, Alison. "'Bradley Palmer, The Man Himself' tour on Friday mornings in Topsfield". Tri. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  138. ^ "Andrew Yang Keynote at Phillips Exeter Academy in New Hampshire (Full Text)". Andrew Yang for President. February 8, 2019. Archived from the original on April 12, 2019. Retrieved April 12, 2019.
  139. ^ "Drew Pearson Papers An inventory of his papers at Syracuse University". library.syr.edu. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  140. ^ "From Trotsky to Midcult: In Search of Dwight Macdonald". Observer. March 27, 2006. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  141. ^ "Jim Hoge". IMDb. Archived from the original on April 10, 2022. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  142. ^ Wheeler, Carolynne; Reed, Christopher (July 15, 2004). "Obituary: Paul Klebnikov". The Guardian. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  143. ^ Johnson, Tara. "PEA hosts graduate and CNBC's Trish Regan". seacoastonline.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  144. ^ "New Wife, New Life". people.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  145. ^ Lyall, Sarah (2009). The Anglo Files: A Field Guide to the British. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 291. ISBN 978-0-393-33476-0. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  146. ^ "Michael Cerveris | The Official Masterworks Broadway Site". The Official Masterworks Broadway Site. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  147. ^ "Catherine Disher". IMDb. Archived from the original on March 22, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  148. ^ "Actor turns from casting calls to a higher calling | Archives". archives.rep-am.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  149. ^ Huck, Peter (July 13, 2001). "Charmer chameleon". Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on January 12, 2022. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  150. ^ Arnold, Gary (December 28, 1977). "Hollywood Director Howard Hawks Dies". Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  151. ^ "Phil Wilson Biography, Songs, & Albums". AllMusic. Archived from the original on November 7, 2017. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
  152. ^ Friskics-Warren, Bill (October 26, 2015). "Bill Keith, Who Uncovered Banjo's Melodic Potential, Dies at 75". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on February 15, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  153. ^ "Petty and the Heartbreakers' love affair with Boston has lasted forever". BostonGlobe.com. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  154. ^ "The Exeter Bulletin Online". March 4, 2016. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  155. ^ "How Ketch Secor Started Wild Roots Band Old Crow Medicine Show". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  156. ^ "Intelligencer: September 26 – October 3, 2005". NYMag.com. Archived from the original on June 25, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  157. ^ "All Fired Up: Northwestern Magazine - Northwestern University". www.northwestern.edu. Archived from the original on June 26, 2018. Retrieved February 20, 2018.
  158. ^ "Edith P. Lorillard Wed to Robert Cowley". The New York Times. June 25, 1978. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  159. ^ Martin, Douglas (March 1, 2007). "Arthur Schlesinger, Historian of Power, Dies at 89". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  160. ^ "The Exeter Bulletin, winter 2012". Issuu. Archived from the original on August 6, 2020. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  161. ^ John Freeman (Summer 2014). "Roxane Gay". Bomb. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  162. ^ "Joyce Maynard Bounces Back With Another Chapter". tribunedigital-chicagotribune. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  163. ^ Pascale, Amy (August 1, 2014). Joss Whedon: The Biography. Chicago Review Press. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-61374-104-7. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  164. ^ Mankiewicz, Tom (May 14, 2012). My Life as a Mankiewicz: An Insider's Journey through Hollywood. University Press of Kentucky. p. 37. ISBN 978-0813161235.
  165. ^ "Red Rolfe | Society for American Baseball Research". sabr.org. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  166. ^ "Super Sam - Sam Fuld - New Hampshire Magazine - July 2011". www.nhmagazine.com. July 2011. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  167. ^ Adams, Herbert Baxter (1970). The Life and Writings of Jared Sparks: Comprising Selections from His Journals and Correspondence. Books for Libraries Press. ISBN 9780836953671. Archived from the original on April 18, 2021. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  168. ^ "Yale Said to Pick Benno Schmidt as President". Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  169. ^ Warfield, Scott (2015). "Guettel, Adam | Grove Music". doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.A2284517. ISBN 978-1-56159-263-0. Archived from the original on May 1, 2021. Retrieved April 7, 2018. ((cite journal)): Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  170. ^ "Exeter Explorations: Bringing New Perspectives Back to Campus". Phillips Exeter Academy. Archived from the original on April 8, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  171. ^ "The Paradox of the Proof". Project Wordsworth. May 5, 2013. Archived from the original on August 7, 2013. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  172. ^ "The Shaw Prize – Top prizes for astronomy, life science and mathematics". www.shawprize.org. Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  173. ^ "Shapley, Lloyd S." INFORMS. Archived from the original on November 29, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  174. ^ "2 Researchers With MIT Ties Win Nobel Prize for Economics". October 8, 2018. Archived from the original on October 8, 2018. Retrieved October 8, 2018.
  175. ^ "Adam D'Angelo". Forbes. Archived from the original on July 21, 2016. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  176. ^ "The secret of consciousness, with Daniel C. Dennett". www.newphilosopher.com. Archived from the original on October 10, 2018. Retrieved April 7, 2018.
  177. ^ "H. H. Holmes: First Serial Killer In American History, Who Built A Castle To Commit Heinous Crimes!". Socians. May 19, 2020. Archived from the original on February 14, 2021. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
  178. ^ "Phillips Exeter Academy | Summer School". Archived from the original on November 25, 2016. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  179. ^ "Phillips Exeter Academy | Academic Programs". Archived from the original on January 16, 2013. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
  180. ^ "Summer Programs". Archived from the original on December 20, 2008. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  181. ^ Stanley N. Katz. "The Liberal Arts in School and College". Chronicle.com. Archived from the original on July 10, 2009. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  182. ^ "A Brief History of the Advanced Placement Program" (PDF). Collegeboard.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 5, 2009. Retrieved November 12, 2017.
  183. ^ "A Brief History: Where did we come from?". Sya.org. Archived from the original on July 28, 2009. Retrieved November 12, 2017.

Further reading