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Red Hulk is an alias that is used by different fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. While the first two were created from members of the United States army, the third one is a form of Hulk's Joe Fixit personality.

Fictional character biography

Thunderbolt Ross

The first incarnation of Red Hulk (also known as Rulk)[1] first appeared in the Hulk series that debuted in 2008.[2] The 2010 "World War Hulks" storyline reveals that this being is United States Army General Thunderbolt Ross,[3] the father-in-law and longtime nemesis of the original Hulk (Bruce Banner).[4] The story line reveals that Ross was given the ability to transform into Red Hulk by the organizations A.I.M. and the Intelligencia and that he did this in order to better fight the original Hulk.[3]

Robert Maverick

The origin of the second Red Hulk appears in the 2017 debut issue of U.S.Avengers. Four-star General Robert Maverick is selected for his genetic profile to create a being who is "halfway to a Hulk". A device called the Hulk Plug-In, created by Avengers Idea Mechanics (a legitimate technology company created from the defunct supervillain organization's remnants), is implanted in Maverick's wrist. When triggered, it turns him into a variation of Red Hulk for one hour approximately every day and a half. Unlike the original Red Hulk, Maverick retains his mustache in his Hulk form and wears his sunglasses. He joins the U.S. Avengers.[5]

Joe Fixit

Hulk's Joe Fixit personality later gained the ability to transform into his version of Red Hulk form when in the Below-Place.[6]

Other versions

The 2015 "Secret Wars" story line features the Battleworld domain of Greenland and contains some Red Hulks who are part of the different Tribal Hulks. One Red Hulk rules Greenland as the Red King. A variation of Captain America called the Captain is sent into Greenland by God Emperor Doom and Sheriff Strange to kill the Red King, who is holding Bucky Barnes prisoner.[7] After the Red King reveals to that group that he already killed Barnes,[8] the Captain kills the Red King.[9]

Powers and abilities

Red Hulk has superhuman strength, durability, and endurance, comparable to that of the Hulk. He is capable of absorbing radiation, which his body can metabolize for increased strength. Unlike the Hulk, increased anger does not make him stronger but causes him to emit increasing heat. The upper limit of this heat has not been specified. When fighting the Hulk, during Red Hulk's first story line, this heat created an aura of light around the two behemoths and melted the desert sand on which they stood into a glass disc at least dozens of feet in diameter. At this level, Red Hulk weakens and is vulnerable to being knocked unconscious by the Hulk.[10][11]

Collected editions

Title Material collected Published date ISBN
Hulk: Fall of the Hulks: Red Hulk Fall of the Hulks: Red Hulk #1-4 and material from Incredible Hulk #606-608 August 2010 978-0785147954
Red Hulk: Scorched Earth Hulk (vol. 2) #25-30 May 2011 978-0785148968
Red Hulk: Planet Red Hulk Hulk (vol. 2) #30.1, 31-36 October 2011 978-0785155782
Fear Itself: Hulk/Dracula Hulk (vol. 2) #37-41, Fear Itself: Hulk vs Dracula #1-3 November 2011 978-0785155805
Red Hulk: Hulk of Arabia Hulk (vol. 2) #42-46 April 2012 978-0785160953
Red Hulk: Haunted Hulk (vol. 2) #47-52 August 2012 978-0785160991
Red Hulk: Mayan Rule Hulk (vol. 2) #53-57 October 2012 978-0785160977


  1. ^ "'Hulk' #5 is red hot – second printing announced". August 12, 2008
  2. ^ Loeb, Jeph (w), McGuinness, Ed (p), Vines, Dexter (i). "Who is the Hulk?" Hulk, vol. 2, no. 1 (February 2008). Marvel Comics.
  3. ^ a b Loeb, Jeph (w), McGuinness, Ed (p), Mark Farmer (i). "Dogs of War" Hulk, vol. 2, no. 23 (July 2010). Marvel Comics.
  4. ^ "71. Thunderbolt Ross". IGN (2009). Retrieved January 23, 2017.
  5. ^ Ewing, Al (w), Medina, Paco (p), Vlasco, Juan (i). "$kullocracy", U.S.Avengers #1 (March 2017). Marvel Comics.
  6. ^ Immortal Hulk #45-49. Marvel Comics.
  7. ^ Planet Hulk #1. Marvel Comics.
  8. ^ Planet Hulk #4. Marvel Comics.
  9. ^ Planet Hulk #5. Marvel Comics.
  10. ^ Loeb, Jeph (w), McGuinness, Ed (p), Vines, Dexter (i). "Blood Red" Hulk, vol. 2, no. 6 (July 2008). Marvel Comics.
  11. ^ Marvel Encyclopedia: Updated and Expanded.