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James Howlett / "Logan"
Wolverine
Wolverine on the cover of Wolverine & the X-Men #1 (October 2011).
Art by Frank Cho.
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceCameo appearance:
The Incredible Hulk #180 (October 1974)
Full appearance:
The Incredible Hulk #181 (November 1974)
Created by
In-story information
Alter egoJames "Logan" Howlett
SpeciesHuman mutant
Place of originCold Lake, Alberta, Canada
Team affiliations
Notable aliasesLogan
Jeremiah Logan
Patch
Weapon X
Death
Mutate #9601
Emilio Garra
Weapon Chi
Experiment X
Agent 10
Peter Richards
Mai' keth
Black Dragon
Captain Canada
Captain Terror
John Logan
Jim Logan
Abilities

Wolverine (birth name: James Howlett;[1] alias: Logan and Weapon X) is a superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics, often in association with the X-Men. He is a mutant with animal-keen senses, enhanced physical capabilities, a powerful regenerative ability known as a healing factor, a skeleton reinforced with the unbreakable fictional metal adamantium, and three retractable claws in each hand. In addition to the X-Men, Wolverine has been depicted as a member of X-Force, Alpha Flight, the Fantastic Four, and the Avengers. The common depiction of Wolverine is multifaceted; he is portrayed at once as a gruff loner, susceptible to animalistic “berserker rages” despite his best efforts, while simultaneously being an incredibly knowledgeable and intelligent polyglot, strategist, and martial artist, partially due to his extended lifespan and expansive lived experiences. He has been featured in comic books, films, animation, and video games.

The character first appeared in the last panel of The Incredible Hulk #180 before having a larger role in #181 (cover-dated November 1974), in the Bronze Age of Comic Books. He was created by writer Len Wein[2] and Marvel art director John Romita Sr. Romita designed the character's costume, but the character was first drawn for publication by Herb Trimpe. Since 2017, Marvel editor-in-chief Roy Thomas has also claimed co-creator credit.[3]

Wolverine then joined a revamped version of the superhero team the X-Men; writer Chris Claremont, artist Dave Cockrum, and artist-writer John Byrne would play significant roles in the character's development. Artist Frank Miller collaborated with Claremont and helped revise the character with a four-part eponymous limited series, cover-dated from September to December 1982, which debuted Wolverine's catchphrase, "I'm the best there is at what I do, but what I do best isn't very nice." The subsequent 1991 Weapon X storyline by Barry Windsor-Smith established that Wolverine had received the adamantium grafted to his skeleton in a torturous process conducted by a secret government project intended to create a super soldier, and that this experience led to post-traumatic amnesia.

Wolverine is typical of the many tough antiheroes that emerged in American popular culture after the Vietnam War;[4]: 265  his willingness to use deadly force and his brooding loner nature became standard characteristics for comic book antiheroes by the end of the 1980s.[4]: 277  As a result, the character became a fan favorite of the increasingly popular X-Men franchise,[4]: 263, 265  and has been featured in his own solo Wolverine comic book series since 1988.

Wolverine has appeared in most X-Men media adaptations, including animated television series, video games and film. In live action, Hugh Jackman portrayed the character across ten installments of the X-Men film series produced by 20th Century Fox between 2000 and 2017, and will reprise the role in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) film Deadpool & Wolverine (2024). Troye Sivan portrayed a young version of Logan in the 2009 film X-Men Origins: Wolverine.

Publication history

Creation and development

Marvel Comics editor-in-chief Roy Thomas asked writer Len Wein to devise a character specifically named Wolverine, who was a Canadian of small stature and with a wolverine's fierce temper. John Romita Sr. designed the first Wolverine costume, and believes he introduced the retractable claws, saying, "When I make a design, I want it to be practical and functional. I thought, 'If a man has claws like that, how does he scratch his nose or tie his shoelaces?'"[5] Wolverine first appeared in the final "teaser" panel of The Incredible Hulk #180 (cover-dated October 1974), written by Wein and penciled by Herb Trimpe. The character then appeared in a number of advertisements in various Marvel Comics publications before making his first major appearance in The Incredible Hulk #181 (November 1974), again by the Wein–Trimpe team. In 2009, Trimpe said he "distinctly remembers" Romita's sketch and that, "The way I see it, [Romita and Wein] sewed the monster together and I shocked it to life! ... It was just one of those secondary or tertiary characters, actually, that we were using in that particular book with no particular notion of it going anywhere. We did characters in The [Incredible] Hulk all the time that were in [particular] issues and that was the end of them."[6] Though often credited as co-creator, Trimpe denied having had any role in Wolverine's creation.[7]

Wolverine made his full debut in The Incredible Hulk #181 (Nov. 1974); cover art by Herb Trimpe with alterations by John Romita Sr.[8]

The character's introduction was ambiguous, revealing little beyond his being a superhuman agent of the Canadian government. In these appearances, he does not retract his claws, although Wein stated they had always been envisioned as retractable.[9] He appears briefly in the finale to this story in The Incredible Hulk #182.

Wolverine's next appearance was in 1975's Giant-Size X-Men #1, written by Wein and penciled by Dave Cockrum, in which Wolverine is recruited for a new squad. Gil Kane illustrated the cover artwork but incorrectly drew Wolverine's mask with larger headpieces. Dave Cockrum liked Kane's accidental alteration (he thought the original was too similar to Batman's mask) and incorporated it into his own artwork for the actual story.[10] Cockrum was also the first artist to draw Wolverine without his mask, and the distinctive hairstyle became a trademark of the character.[11]

Chris Claremont stated the name Logan came from Mount Logan, stating "The Idea was the tallest mountain being the name of the shortest character".[12]

A revival of X-Men followed, beginning with X-Men #94 (August 1975), drawn by Cockrum and written by Chris Claremont. In X-Men and Uncanny X-Men, Wolverine is initially overshadowed by the other characters, although he does create tension in the team as he is attracted to Cyclops' girlfriend, Jean Grey. As the series progressed, Claremont and Cockrum (who preferred Nightcrawler[13]) considered dropping Wolverine from the series;[13] Cockrum's successor, artist John Byrne, championed the character, later explaining, as a Canadian himself, he did not want to see a Canadian character dropped.[11][14] Byrne modeled his rendition of Wolverine on actor Paul D'Amato, who played Dr. Hook in the 1977 sports film Slap Shot.[15] Byrne also created Alpha Flight, a group of Canadian superheroes who try to recapture Wolverine due to the expense their government incurred training him. Later stories gradually establish Wolverine's murky past and unstable nature, which he battles to keep in check. Byrne also designed a new brown-and-tan costume for Wolverine, but retained the distinctive Cockrum cowl.[16] Cockrum had introduced a new costume for Wolverine (taken from his adversary Fang) in the final issue of his run, but it was dropped one issue into Byrne's run because he and Cockrum alike found it painfully difficult to draw.[17]

Wolverine's first intended origin

Despite suggestions that co-creator Len Wein originally intended for Logan to be a mutated wolverine cub, evolved to humanoid form by an already established Marvel geneticist, the High Evolutionary,[18] Wein denies this:

While I readily admit that my original idea was for Wolvie's claws to extend from the backs of his gloves ... I absolutely did not ever intend to make Logan a mutated wolverine. I write stories about human beings, not evolved animals (with apologies for any story I may have written that involved the High Evolutionary). The mutated wolverine thing came about long after I was no longer involved with the book. I'm not certain if the idea was first suggested by Chris Claremont, the late, much-missed Dave Cockrum, or John Byrne when he came aboard as artist, but it most certainly did not start with me.[9]

Wein said on the X-Men Origins: Wolverine Blu-ray special features that he has read "Ten things you did not know about Wolverine", which says the character was originally intended to be a mutated wolverine cub, and that this rekindled Wein's frustration. He again stated that he had "always known that Wolverine was a mutant."

In an article about the evolution of Wolverine included in a 1986 reprint of The Incredible Hulk #180–181, titled Incredible Hulk and Wolverine, Cockrum said he considered having the High Evolutionary play a vital role in making Wolverine a human.[11] Writer Wein wanted Wolverine to be the age of a young adult, with superhuman strength and agility similar to Spider-Man. This changed when Wein saw Cockrum's drawing of the unmasked Wolverine as a hairy 40-year-old.[11] Wein originally intended the claws to be retractable and part of Wolverine's gloves, and both gloves and claws would be made of adamantium.[9] Chris Claremont eventually revealed that they were an integrated part of Wolverine's anatomy in X-Men #98 (April 1976). Writer Jeph Loeb used a similar origin for Wolverine in the Marvel continuity, having feral mutants be an evolved lifeform.[19]

Wolverine's second intended origin

John Byrne said, both in interviews and on his website, that he drew a possible face for Wolverine, but then learned that Dave Cockrum had already drawn him unmasked in X-Men #98 (April 1976), long before Byrne's run on the series.[20][21] Later, Byrne used the drawing for the face of Sabretooth, an enemy of the martial artist superhero Iron Fist, whose stories Chris Claremont was writing. Byrne then conceived of the idea of Sabretooth being Wolverine's father.[22][23] Together, Byrne and Claremont came up with Wolverine being about 60 years old and having served in World War II after escaping from Sabretooth, who was about 120 years old.[22]

Commercial success

Following Byrne's departure, Wolverine remained as a prominent character in X-Men, which later changed its name to Uncanny X-Men. Cockrum returned for a longer, monthly run and afterwards Paul Smith, John Romita Jr., Marc Silvestri and Jim Lee were frequent artists on this series.[24] He remained a significant protagonist in this series until Chris Claremont left the title to write the new X-Men (vol. 2) and Wolverine transitioned to this new series.

The character's growing popularity led to a solo, four-issue series, Wolverine (September–December 1982), by Claremont and Frank Miller. Elliott Serrano, a comic writer and commentator, argues that this series was particularly significant in establishing the character's popularity: "Before Claremont and Miller created the Wolverine series, Logan wasn't a key figure, but the creation of this series is when Wolverine became Marvel's Batman."[25]

In this period, Wolverine's appearance and characterization were particularly influenced by the film roles of Clint Eastwood, particularly the Revisionist Western antihero films featuring the Man with No Name. This inspiration continued to be significant throughout the development of the character and his adaptations.[26]

The mini-series was followed by the six-issue Kitty Pryde and Wolverine by Claremont and Al Milgrom (Nov. 1984 – April 1985). Marvel launched an ongoing solo book written by Claremont with art by John Buscema in November 1988. It ran for 189 issues. Larry Hama later took over the series and had an extensive run. In the early 1990s, the series was usually illustrated by Marc Silvestri. During this period, Wolverine also regularly appeared in cover stories for the anthology series Marvel Comics Presents. Among these stories was "Weapon X", by writer-artist Barry Windsor-Smith, serialized in Marvel Comics Presents #72–84 (1991), which was an essential depiction of Wolverine's past and the event of adamantium grafted to his skeleton. Subsequent stories in this publication were often illustrated by Sam Kieth and had a more psychedelic aesthetic and storytelling style.

Other writers who wrote for the two Wolverine ongoing series include Peter David, Archie Goodwin, Erik Larsen, Frank Tieri, Greg Rucka, Mark Millar, and Gregg Hurwitz. Many artists have also worked on the series, including John Byrne, Gene Colan, Marc Silvestri, Mark Texeira, Adam Kubert, Leinil Francis Yu, Rob Liefeld, Sean Chen, Darick Robertson, John Romita Jr., Joe Madureira, and Humberto Ramos.

In the 1990s, Wolverine featured as a prominent character in X-Men vol. 2, initially written by Chris Claremont and illustrated by Jim Lee. The first issue of this comic book series is the highest selling comic book in history.[27] Following the departure of Claremont and Lee, Scott Lobdell usually wrote the title while Andy Kubert illustrated it.

During the 1990s, the character was revealed to have bone claws, after his adamantium is ripped out by Magneto in X-Men (Vol 2) #25, which was inspired by a passing joke of Peter David's.[28]

Sales for X-Men comics declined somewhat at the turn of the 20th century, and Grant Morrison was hired to revive interest in the characters, including Wolverine, by means of the more experimental New X-Men. Frank Quitely and Chris Bachalo drew many of these issues, as well as a returning Mark Silvestri. Subsequently, he featured in the Astonishing X-Men series initially written by Joss Whedon and illustrated by John Cassaday.

At the turn of the century, in addition to the Wolverine series and appearances in the various X-Men series, another publication expanded upon the character's past: Origin, a six-issue limited series by co-writers Joe Quesada, Paul Jenkins, and Bill Jemas and artist Andy Kubert (Nov. 2001 – July 2002). A second solo series, Wolverine: Origins, written by Daniel Way with art by Steve Dillon, spun off of, and ran concurrently with, the second Wolverine solo series.

Following Larry Hama's exit from the Wolverine solo title, Mark Millar became a particularly influential writer for the character. In 2008, he and artist Steve McNiven explored a possible future for Wolverine in an eight-issue story arc entitled "Old Man Logan" that debuted with Wolverine #66.[29] Wolverine appeared as a regular character throughout both the 2010–2013 Avengers series and the 2010–2013 New Avengers series.

Fictional character biography

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Early life and backstory

Wolverine was born as James Howlett in northern Alberta, Canada (approximately near Cold Lake), during the late 19th century, purportedly to rich farm owners John and Elizabeth Howlett,[30] though he is actually the illegitimate son of the Howletts' groundskeeper, Thomas Logan.[31] After Thomas is thrown off the Howletts' property for an attempted rape perpetrated by his other son, named simply Dog, he returns to the Howlett manor and kills John Howlett. In retaliation, young James kills Thomas with bone claws that emerge from the back of his hands, as his mutation manifests.[32] He flees with his childhood companion, Rose, and grows into manhood on a mining colony in the Yukon, adopting the name "Logan".[33] When Logan accidentally kills Rose with his claws, he flees the colony and lives in the wilderness among wolves,[34] until he is captured and placed in a circus.[35] Saul Creed, brother of Victor Creed, frees Logan, but after he betrays Logan and Clara Creed to Nathaniel Essex, Logan drowns Creed in Essex's potion.[36] Logan returns to civilization, residing with the Blackfoot people. Following the death of his Blackfoot lover, Silver Fox, at the hands of Victor Creed, now known as Sabretooth,[37] he is ushered into the Canadian military during World War I.

During World War II, Logan teams up with Captain America[38] and continues a career as a mercenary. He serves with the 1st Canadian Parachute Battalion[39] during D-Day, and later with the CIA before being recruited by Team X, a black ops unit. Sometime after WWII and before joining Team X, Logan spends time in Madripoor before settling in Japan, where he marries Itsu. While Logan is away from home, Romulus sends the Winter Soldier to kill the pregnant Itsu and has her baby taken from her womb; the boy would later become Daken. Logan believes his son to be dead for many years.

As a member of Team X, Logan is given false memory implants. Eventually breaking free of this mental control, he joins the Canadian Defense Ministry. Logan is subsequently kidnapped by the Weapon X program, where he remains captive and experimented on, until he escapes.[40] It is during his imprisonment by Weapon X that he has adamantium forcibly fused onto his bones. James and Heather Hudson help him recover his humanity following his escape, and Logan begins work as an intelligence operative for the Canadian government's Department H.

1970s

He becomes Wolverine, one of Canada's first superheroes. In his first mission, he is dispatched to stop the destruction caused by a brawl between the Hulk and the Wendigo.[41]

After the Canadian government failed to capture Hulk, Wolverine is forced to team-up with Living Diamond to infiltrate Brand Corporation, where they are briefly caught by Mesmero and a mysterious masked mutant Wildlife, who is actually an amnesiac Beast, the former X-Men member, until the arrival of former Secret Empire agent, Linda Donaldson recovers Beast's memories. Wolverine kills Living Diamond from killing both Beast and Linda. Before taking Mesmero away, as Wolverine's old mask was heavily damaged, Wolverine take Beast's Wildlife mask, which then become his iconic mask he uses through years.[42]

Later, Professor Charles Xavier recruits Wolverine to a new iteration of his superhero-mutant team, the X-Men, along with Banshee, Storm, Nightcrawler, and Colossus. He competes with Cyclops for the affection of Jean Grey.[43] It was later revealed that Wolverine had been sent to assassinate Xavier, who wiped Logan's memories and forced him to join the X-Men.[44]

X-Men #100 introduces the fastball special, a combat maneuver in which the super-strong Colossus throws Wolverine at a distance as if he were a projectile weapon. This tactic recurs in many future battles.[45]

1980s

In The Dark Phoenix Saga, Jean Grey apparently sacrifices herself after transforming into the Phoenix Force, thereby temporarily ending the love triangle among herself, Wolverine, and Cyclops. While his teammates often distrust him, Wolverine is invaluable in rescuing the others and defeating their enemies, particularly in their conflict with the Hellfire Club.

In this decade his new X-Men teammates included Longshot, Dazzler, and Rogue.[46] He becomes engaged to Mariko Yashida and battles The Hand.[47] However, the engagement is broken because of the intervention of a member of the Hellfire Club. He becomes a close defender and mentor for Kitty Pryde. He battles Sabretooth during the Mutant Massacre story line,[48] though he later discovers that he had many previous interactions with Sabretooth that his traumatic amnesia concealed. Separate from the X-Men, he has adventures in Madripoor disguised as his alter ego "Patch."

1990s

He is a mentor for Jubilee. When the X-Men split into two different subgroups, he participates in the "Blue Team" along with Cyclops, Rogue, Beast, Gambit, and Psylocke. Jean Grey had been resurrected by this point, leading to resumption of his rivalry with Cyclops.[volume & issue needed]

He also discovers some aspects of the trauma and brainwashing he received from the Weapon X program, although his memories remain unreliable. He meets Maverick, another former participant in the Weapon X project, and discovers that he had previously worked together with Sabretooth in a covert team subsequent to the project.[volume & issue needed]

In X-Men #25 (1993), at the culmination of the "Fatal Attractions" storyline, the supervillain Magneto forcibly removes the adamantium from Wolverine's skeleton. This massive trauma causes his healing factor to burn out and also leads to the discovery that his claws are actually bone. Wolverine leaves the X-Men for a time, embarking on a series of adventures during which his healing factor returns. Feral by nature, Wolverine's mutation process will eventually cause him to degenerate physically into a more primitive, bestial state.[49] Elektra helps him to recover his humanity.[volume & issue needed]

After his return to the X-Men, Cable's son Genesis kidnaps Wolverine and attempts to re-bond adamantium to his skeleton.[50] This is unsuccessful and causes Wolverine's mutation to accelerate out of control. He is temporarily changed into a semi-sentient beast-like form. Eventually, the villain Apocalypse captures Wolverine, brainwashes him into becoming the Horseman Death, and successfully re-bonds adamantium to his skeleton. Wolverine overcomes Apocalypse's programming and returns to the X-Men.[volume & issue needed]

2000s

Jean Grey becomes again possessed by the Phoenix Force, and Wolverine has no other choice but to kill her with his claws.

Wolverine learns about the existence of X-23. He initially believes her to be a clone, raised to be a perfect assassin.[51] X-23 later goes by the name Laura. She is eventually enrolled at the Xavier Institute, with her true origin being kept secret as Logan's way of protecting her.[52] Despite being introduced as Wolverine's "sister", she quickly accepts Wolverine as a father figure.[53] She eventually learns that he is actually her biological father.[54]

In the Enemy of the State story line, Wolverine is brainwashed by the Hand.[55] He battles Elektra, S.H.I.E.L.D., and the Fantastic Four.[56][57] He also attacks the X-Mansion and kills Northstar.[58] Wolverine is captured by S.H.I.E.L.D. and submitted to VR reprogramming.[59] He turns against the Hand.[60]

In the House of M story line, Scarlet Witch drastically transforms reality. As a consequence, Wolverine is able to recall memories of his previous life, overcoming his previous traumatic amnesia.[61]

In Wolverine: Origins, the character's second solo series, Wolverine discovers that he has a son named Daken, who has been brainwashed and made a living weapon. Wolverine then makes it his mission to rescue Daken.[62]

During the events of the "Messiah Complex" storyline, Cyclops orders Wolverine to reform X-Force.[63] Wolverine and the team (initially consisting of X-23, Warpath, and Wolfsbane) starred in a new monthly title.[64] In the "Messiah War", Cyclops ends the X-Force program,[volume & issue needed] but Wolverine continues a new Uncanny X-Force team in secrecy with Angel/Archangel, Psylocke, Deadpool and Fantomex.[65]

Wolverine splits with Cyclops and opens a new school in Westchester, New York, the "Jean Grey School for Higher Learning".[66] Around half of all the mutants on Utopia accompany Wolverine to Westchester to be a part of the new school. He appoints himself as the headmaster, Kitty Pryde as the co-headmistress, Hank McCoy as the vice-principal, and various other characters are appointed as the school's staff.[67]

2010s

In Avengers vs. X-Men the Phoenix Force returns to Earth and this produces conflict between the X-Men and the Avengers, and Wolverine takes the side of the Avengers.[68] Cyclops becomes possessed by the Phoenix Force and kills Professor X. In Uncanny Avengers Wolverine gives a eulogy at the funeral of Professor X, in which he admits that he wanted to kill Cyclops.[69] He becomes a member of the Avengers Unity Squad, a team created by Captain America in which X-Men and Avengers work together.[70]

In the "Death of Wolverine" story line, a virus turns off Wolverine's healing factor. Wolverine determines that Doctor Abraham Cornelius, the founder of the Weapon X program, has placed a bounty on his head. Wolverine gets covered in adamantium after confronting him, and dies from suffocation.[71] Wanting to possess Logan, Ogun finds his dead body.[72]

The aftermath of Wolverine's death is explored in the series Wolverines.[73] The "Wolverines" (a team formed from the fallout of his death by Daken, Lady Deathstrike, Mystique, Sabretooth, and X-23) try to find Logan's adamantium-covered body, which is taken by Mister Sinister.[74]

X-23 as Wolverine on a variant cover of All-New Wolverine #6 (May 2016). Art by Emanuela Lupacchino.

X-23 begins wearing a variation of Wolverine's costume and adopts his codename.[75]

In Marvel Legacy #1, the time-displaced Jean Grey discovers the adamantium shell in Wolverine's grave has been cracked open and is empty.[76] The X-Men set up Wolverine's 'public' grave in the cabin and were able to get his body out of the adamantium shell by having Kitty phase his corpse out of it, subsequently burying him in a secret location in Canada while leaving the shell as a site for others to attend in memorial of him. The shell is cracked when the Reavers attempt to steal Wolverine's corpse and shortly after that attack, Kitty visits the 'real' grave and realizes that it is empty. Kitty contacts Daredevil and Tony Stark for help finding who took Wolverine, but all are left concerned at the questions of who would even know the location of the true grave- which was known only by a few key X-Men- and whether Wolverine was stolen or 'woke up' on his own as the X-Men also began their investigation, leaving the time-displaced Jean Grey alone in the cabin.[77] At the same time, some of Wolverine's worst enemies hear what happened and join the hunt.[78]

The Return of Wolverine miniseries focusing on Wolverine's resurrection opens with Wolverine having been brought back to life in an amnesic state by an unidentified force. He eventually realizes that he was brought back to life by Persephone.[79]

Wolverine joins the X-Men to attack the Orchis's Mother Mold solar orbiting space station. As Wolverine and Nightcrawler volunteer for a suicide mission to teleport into the vacuum of space. The two longtime friends then say their goodbyes to each other, with Nightcrawler assuring Wolverine that he will be welcomed into heaven. As Nightcrawler is disintegrated, Wolverine's body immediately ignites into flames and he and the Mother Mold are vaporized as they fall into the Sun.[80] Wolverine, along with the rest of the X-Men who perished in the attack on the Mother Mold space station, are then resurrected in the Arbor Magus' hatchery on the Pacific island of Krakoa using a new 48 hour cloning process. In this era, the X-Men have learned how to resurrect any mutant who has died.[81][82] Forge, using Krakoan-Transmode cybernetics inside the island's armory, provided the Adamantium and the skeletal bonding process.[83]

2020s

Wolverine has been resurrected and equipped with an Adamantium skeleton no less than 10 times, having died in battle against Orchis's Nimrod at least 9 times,[84] and has grudgingly allowed for one of his clones to be created without Cerebro's memory upload and to be genetically modified with phosphorescent blood to be fed upon by Dracula and his vampires.[85]

During the "Hellfire Gala" storyline, Wolverine decides to spend time with his biological daughter Laura Kinney/X-23, and her clone Gabby/Scout, his biological son Daken, and also Kate Pryde and Jubilee. On the evening of the party, Wolverine and several members of X-Force are assigned positions as security. He and Domino then suddenly find themselves in a fight against Deadpool, who attempts to gatecrash the party.[66] Meanwhile, Beast's telefloronic programming on the Terra Verdan ambassador is hacked and starts attacking the party.[86]

In the X Lives of Wolverine and X Deaths of Wolverine story event, Wolverine travels in time to save the life of an important figure to the mutant race. In the midst of his travels, Wolverine will relive certain moments from his own long-forgotten past as well. Upon revisiting the past, is revealed that Wolverine was present during the birth of Charles Xavier and indirectly Cassandra Nova, having saved his family from an invading Omega Red, when the Russian mutant possessed some of Xavier family's butlers and nurse.[87]

During the Judgment Day storyline, Wolverine was with the Quiet Council when Jack of Knives leads the attack on Krakoa. After killing some opponents, Wolverine finds Egg badly wounded and takes an attack from Jack of Knives as he tells Jean Grey to have the Five protected. After the opponents retreat, Wolverine learns from Nightcrawler on what Uranos the Undying did on Arrako.[88]

Personality and themes

The essence of (Logan's) character (is) a "failed samurai". To Samurai, duty is all, selfless service the path to their ultimate ambition, death with grace. - Chris Claremont[89]

Chris Claremont says that he drew some of his characterization of Wolverine from Conan the Barbarian, declaring that "Wolverine in his essence is a lot closer to Conan than any other Marvel hero we have."[90] He also compared Wolverine to Hulk, because of his tendency to lapse into a "berserker rage" while in close combat. In this state, he lashes out with the intensity and aggression of an enraged animal and is even more resistant to psionic attack.[91] Though he loathes it, he acknowledges that it has saved his life many times, it being most notably useful when he faced the telepathic "Mister X", as X's ability to read his mind and predict his next move in a fight was useless as not even Wolverine knows what he will do next in his berserk state.[91] Despite his apparent ease at taking lives, he mournfully regrets and does not enjoy killing or giving in to his berserker rages. Logan adheres to a firm code of personal honor and morality.[92]

Wolverine is frequently depicted as a gruff loner, often taking leave from the X-Men to deal with personal issues or problems. He is often irreverent and rebellious towards authority figures, though he is a reliable ally and capable leader, and has occasionally displayed a wry, sarcastic sense of humor.

Psychologist Suzana E. Flores writes that Wolverine demonstrates clinical psychological symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder, antisocial personality disorder, dissociative disorder, and even sociopathy, but does so in a way that can be understood and empathized.[93] She interprets his origin story as a depiction of complex childhood trauma, and its effects of dissociative amnesia and hypervigilance.[94]

Larry Yarbrough, a clinical psychologist and Navy veteran, says that some of Wolverine's personality traits are typical of combat veterans: "The violent/kind demeanor of vets who witnessed war is paradoxical. Logan has an extremely reactive temper, but he's also a kind person. The violent mood swings are a symptom of trauma, not a reflection of his character."

Yarbrough also observes Wolverine's habitual smoking and drinking, as coping mechanisms for this experience of trauma.[95] In addition, Wolverine practices zazen sitting meditation to maintain self-control and restore mental health.[96]

Powers and abilities

Wolverine is a mutant with a number of both natural and artificial improvements to his physiology.

Healing and defensive powers

Depiction of Wolverine using his claws for the first time in Origin #2 (2001). Art by Andy Kubert and Richard Isanove.

Wolverine's primary mutant power is an accelerated healing process, typically referred to as his mutant healing factor, that regenerates damaged or destroyed tissues of his body far beyond that of normal humans. In addition to accelerated healing of physical traumas, Wolverine's healing factor makes him extraordinarily resistant to diseases, drugs and toxins. However, he can still suffer the immediate effects of such substances in massive quantities; he has been seen to become intoxicated after ingesting significant amounts of alcohol,[97] and has been incapacitated on several occasions with large amounts of powerful drugs and poisons;[98] S.H.I.E.L.D. once managed to keep Wolverine anesthetized by constantly pumping eighty milliliters of anesthetic a minute into his system.[59]

A study by the University of British Columbia states that Wolverine's healing factor resembles the axolotl's ability to regenerate lost limbs. It suggests that a novel protein—which the study's authors dubbed Howlett—found in tissue samples taken from him, and which resembles the Amblox protein found in axolotl but is much more efficient, is responsible for Wolverine's rapid regeneration.[99] His healing factor allowed him to survive the experimental surgical binding of the virtually indestructible metal adamantium to his bones and claws, to which he was subjected under the Weapon X program (in later comics called the Weapon Plus program). While the adamantium in his body prevents or reduces many injuries, such as broken bones and decapitation, his healing factor must also work constantly to prevent metal poisoning from killing him. When his healing powers were rendered inactive, Beast synthesized a drug to counteract the adamantium poisoning.[100]

Wolverine's healing factor also dramatically affects his aging process, allowing him to live far beyond the normal lifespan of normal humans. Despite being born in the late 19th century,[101] he has the appearance, conditioning, health and vitality of a man in his physical prime. While seemingly ageless, it is unknown exactly how greatly his healing factor extends his life expectancy.

Although Wolverine's body heals, the healing factor does not suppress the pain he endures while injured.[102] Wolverine also admits to feeling phantom pains for weeks or months after healing from his injuries.[103] He does not enjoy being hurt and sometimes has to work himself up for situations where extreme pain is certain.[104][105] Wolverine, on occasion, has deliberately injured himself or allowed himself to be injured for varying reasons, including freeing himself from capture,[106] intimidation,[107] strategy,[108] or simply indulging his feral nature.[109][110][111] Though he now has all of his memories, his healing abilities can provide increased recovery from psychological trauma by suppressing memories in which he experiences profound distress.[112]

Depictions of the speed and extent of injury to which Wolverine can heal vary due to a broad degree of artistic license employed by various comic book writers. Originally, this was portrayed as accelerated healing of minor wounds,[113] though Chris Claremont, head writer of the X-Men comics from the mid-1970s to the early 1990s increased Wolverine's healing factor substantially, though not nearly as much as later writers would. During the 1980s, Wolverine's mutant healing factor is depicted as being able to heal massive levels of trauma, though his recovery time could extend to days, weeks or months before fully healing; often depending upon the severity of the injuries, their extent and the frequency with which they are inflicted.[114][115][116] Wolverine has also stated that his body actually heals faster when the injury is grave or life-threatening.[117] During the 1990s through the modern era, other writers have increased Wolverine's healing factor to the point that it could fully regenerate nearly any damaged or destroyed bodily tissues within seconds.[118][119][120] Among the more extreme depictions of Wolverine's healing factor include fully healing after being caught near the center of an atomic explosion[121] and the total regeneration of his soft body tissue, within a matter of minutes, after having it incinerated from his skeleton.[122] An explanation is given in a recent mini-series starring Wolverine for the increase of his healing powers. In the series, Wolverine is referred to as an "adaptive self-healer" after undergoing numerous traumatic injuries to test the efficiency of his healing factor. Wolverine has endured so much trauma, and so frequently, that his healing factor has adapted, becoming faster and more efficient to cope with increasing levels of trauma.[123] The Xavier Protocols, a series of profiles created by Xavier that lists the strengths and weaknesses of the X-Men, say that Wolverine's healing factor is increased to "incredible levels" and theorizes that the only way to stop him is to decapitate him and remove his head from the vicinity of his body.[124]

It is possible to suppress the efficiency of Wolverine's healing powers; for example, if an object composed of adamantium is inserted and remains lodged within his body, his healing powers are slowed dramatically.[125] The Muramasa blade, a katana of mystic origins that can inflict wounds that nullify superhuman healing factors, can also suppress Wolverine's powers.[126] It has also been noted that Wolverine needs protein for his healing factor to generate tissue, meaning that if he was seriously injured and malnourished, his body might not be able to repair itself.[127] His healing factor has also been turned off using nanites.[128] On one occasion, Wolverine finds himself temporarily deprived of his healing factor, with the scientist and X-Man Beast revealing that an "intelligent virus" originating from the Microverse had shut off Wolverine’s healing factor (though not before it purged his body of the virus), leaving him as susceptible to injury, disease, and aging as any ordinary human.[100]

It has been suggested that Wolverine can be killed by drowning.[129] He has said that he is not particularly fond of being in the water, due partially to the weight of his adamantium laced skeleton, and that he can die if held underwater long enough - his healing factor would only prolong the agony.[130] The two-part story arc "Drowning Logan" finds Wolverine trapped underwater for an extensive period of time.[131] The second part of the story arc hints that this experience weakens his healing factor and future health.[132]

Due to a combination of Wolverine's healing factor and high-level psionic shields implanted by Professor Xavier, Wolverine's mind is highly resistant to telepathic assault and probing.[133] Wolverine's mind also possesses what he refers to as "mental scar tissue" created by the traumatic events of his life. It acts as a type of natural defense, even against a psychic as powerful as Emma Frost.[134]

While it is not clear whether this is an actual canon event or simply a hallucination, Wolverine vol. 3, #57 reveals that, when Wolverine is injured so seriously that his body actually dies before his healing factor can repair the damage, he returns to life by fighting with Azrael, the Angel of Death, while trapped in Purgatory because Wolverine defeated Azrael in real-world combat during World War I.[135] However, after Wolverine's resurrection and brainwashing by the Hand, he made a new deal with Azrael that repaired the damage to his soul, negated their previous arrangement, and weakened his healing factor slightly - and the next time Wolverine sustains death-inducing injuries, he will remain dead.[136]

Other abilities

Wolverine's mutation also consists of animal-like adaptations of his body, including superhuman senses, such as an increased sense of smell and hearing; pronounced, sharp, fang-like canines; and three retractable claws housed within each forearm. While originally depicted as bionic implants created by the Weapon X program,[137] the claws are later revealed to be a natural part of his body.[138] The claws are not made of keratin, as claws tend to be in the animal kingdom, but extremely dense bone. Wolverine's hands do not have openings for the claws to move through: they cut through his flesh every time he extrudes them, with occasional references implying that he feels a brief moment of slight pain in his hands when he unsheathes them.[139] During a talk to Jubilee, Wolverine reveals that there are channels inside his forearms through which the claws move when he extrudes them and that he unsheathes the claws a few times a day to keep the channels open, similar to pierced ears.[140]

Cover art for Wolverine: Weapon X #1 (June 2009) by Ron Garney

Wolverine's senses of sight, smell, and hearing are all superhumanly acute. He can see with perfect clarity at greater distances than an ordinary human, even in near-total darkness. His hearing is enhanced in a similar manner, allowing him to hear sounds ordinary humans cannot and also hear to greater distances. A perfect example is him being able to hear the heartbeats of hostile living things before conflict begins.[141]

Wolverine is able to use his sense of smell to easily remember and track targets by scent, even if the scent has been eroded somewhat over time by natural factors. This sense also allows him to identify shapeshifting mutants despite other forms they may take.[142] Through concentration, he is also able to use his senses of smell and hearing as a type of natural lie detector, such as detecting a faint change in a person's heartbeat and scent due to perspiration when a lie is told.[143][144] Wolverine's sense of smell and hearing also allows him to detect danger from considerable distances by being able to smell any weapons being carried by other living things and machines at least within a block radius and to hear particular disturbances or indications of an impending attack prior to their occurrence. For instance, in many cases he has been depicted as smelling the gun oil, gun powder, smokeless powder, or specific metal scent emanating from a concealed or distant gun or other weapon prior to an attack, as well as hearing the increased heart rate and smelling the increased perspiration of an individual preparing to attack. On one occasion, he is made aware of several yakuza members waiting for him outside of a bar by picking up the scent of their gun oil, the smell of their tattoo ink, and the smell of the daikon they ate before arriving.[145] On another occasion, his acute sense of smell even allows him to detect the presence of X-23 sneaking around the outside grounds of Xavier Institute, by way of the wind shifting - despite him being indoors.[146]

On more than one occasion, Wolverine's entire skeleton, including his claws, has been molecularly infused with adamantium. Due to their coating, his claws can cut almost any known solid material, including most metals, wood, and some varieties of stone. The only known exceptions are adamantium itself and Captain America's shield, which is made out of a proto-adamantium-vibranium alloy. Wolverine's ability to slice completely through a substance depends upon both the amount of force he can exert and the thickness of the substance. His claws can also be used to block attacks or projectiles, as well as dig into surfaces allowing Wolverine to climb structures.[147] The adamantium also adds weight to his blows, increasing the effectiveness of his offensive capabilities.[114] However, his adamantium skeleton makes him highly susceptible to magnetic-based attacks.[148] The full extent of this is revealed during a battle with Magneto, where the latter destabilizes the adamantium on a molecular level, and proceeds to rip it from his body.[149][150] According to Reed Richards, Wolverine would be unable to move without his enhanced strength due to the additional weight of the adamantium bonded to his skeleton.[151]

Wolverine's healing factor also affects a number of his physical attributes by increasing them to superhuman levels. His stamina is sufficiently heightened to the point that he can exert himself for numerous hours, even after exposure to powerful tranquilizers.[152] Wolverine's agility and reflexes are also enhanced to levels that are beyond the physical limits of the finest human athlete.[153][154] Due to his healing factor's constant regenerative qualities, he can push his muscles beyond the limits of the human body without injury.[155] This, coupled with the constant demand placed on his muscles by over one hundred pounds of adamantium,[156] grants him some degree of superhuman strength.[citation needed] Since the presence of the adamantium negates the natural structural limits of his bones, he can lift or move weight that would otherwise damage a human skeleton.[154] He has been depicted breaking steel chains,[157][158][159][160] lifting several men above his head with one arm and throwing them through a wall,[155] lifting Ursa Major (in grizzly bear form) over his head before tossing him across a room,[161] and hauling a concert grand piano, and the platform it rests on, via a harness, while climbing a sheer cliff.[162] Colossus and other allies use Wolverine's endurance and strength when throwing him at high speed in the Fastball Special.

During and after the Return of Wolverine, he showcased a mysterious new ability where the adamantium in his claws can heat up to incredibly high, yet undisclosed, level of temperatures.[163] The mechanics of this power have yet to be revealed; whether it is a Secondary Mutation, latent Weapon X faculty making itself known or a new power gained upon his resurrection is unclear.[164] What is extent is that it is related to the berserker side of his persona, his Hot Claws as popularly noted being tied to Wolverine's rage.[165] This new power comes with the drawback of weakening his healing factor, however, as after using them to ward off the X-Men who came looking for him, he lost consciousness for a few weeks time afterward.[166]

Skills

During Wolverine's time in Japan and other countries, he became proficient in many forms of martial arts, with experience in many different fighting styles. He is proficient with most weaponry, including firearms, though he is partial to bladed weapons. He has demonstrated sufficient skills to defeat expert martial artist Shang-Chi[167] and Captain America[168] in single combat. He also has a wide knowledge of the body and pressure points.[169] Like many of the X-Men, he is trained to pilot the group's SR-71 Blackbird supersonic plane.[170] He is highly skilled in the field of espionage and covert operations.[citation needed]

In contrast to his brutish nature, Wolverine is extremely knowledgeable. Due in part to his longer lifespan, he has traveled around the world and amassed extensive knowledge of foreign languages and cultures, being fluent or near fluent in Japanese, Russian, Spanish, French, Blackfoot, and German, among other languages. He is particularly fluent in Japanese due in part to his significant time spent in Japan and his relationship with Mariko Yashida.

Supporting cast

Wolverine was originally introduced as an antagonist of the Hulk.[171] Subsequently, he became a member of the X-Men and has had extensive interactions with all of them and their associates. In particular, he has a complex ambivalent relationship with Cyclops, for whom he was initially a rival for the affections of Jean Grey.[172]

He has been a mentor and father figure to several younger women, especially Jubilee, Kitty Pryde and X-23.

Enemies

Wolverine's prominent enemies include Sabretooth, the Hellfire Club, Viper (Madame Hydra), and Lady Deathstrike.[173]

Romantic interests

His first love was Rose O'Hara, a close friend who did not reciprocate his affection. She died accidentally at his hands when she intervened in Wolverine's adolescent fight with an adversary, Dog.[174] Subsequently, he had a long relationship with Silver Fox.[174] He had an intimate relationship with Mariko Yashida and had a failed engagement to her.[175] Mariko was eventually poisoned by The Hand and Wolverine had no choice but to kill her in order to spare her a long agony.[176] He also had a mutual,[177] but unfulfilled attraction to Jean Grey, leading to arguments with her boyfriend (and later husband), Scott Summers. He also married Viper as part of a debt,[178] then later divorced her.[179] It has also been implied that he and Squirrel Girl had a relationship at some point in the past.[180] Wolverine has had an on-again, off-again romantic relationship with longtime teammate and friend, Storm.[181][182] He also had romantic relationships with Yukio, Domino, Mystique,[183] and Elektra.[184]

Children

He has had two children: His daughter, X-23, and his son, Daken.

Cultural impact and legacy

Status as anti-hero

Wolverine was groundbreaking among comic book superheroes in demonstrating the traits of an antihero. As Suzana Flores describes it, an antihero is "often psychologically damaged, simultaneously depicted as superior due to his superhuman abilities and inferior due to his impetuousness, irrationality, or lack of thoughtful evaluation." Subsequent to Wolverine's appearance, many more such antiheroes have become popular in comic books, such as Punisher, Marv, Spawn, and Deadpool.[185]

Mental health analysis

Psychologist Suzana E. Flores has identified that Wolverine's extraordinary popularity partly stems from his illustration of various mental health challenges, particularly recovery from major trauma or psychological trauma. She argues that his first formative trauma was his poor relationship with his mother, who was unable to properly attach to him because she lost her first son.[186] In adulthood, he also suffered the trauma of torture by the Weapon X program.[187] While the character is usually physically invincible, he demonstrates emotional and psychological vulnerability. He exemplifies values and aspirations of resilience for his audience.[188] His fan base is primarily men, and generally he exemplifies a masculine perspective on recovery from trauma. However, Flores says that she also found the character therapeutic in her own recovery from rape.[189] Nnedi Okorafor, a Nigerian American science-fiction author, also writes that Wolverine was a therapeutic role model for her during her experience of paralysis following surgical treatment of scoliosis.[190]

Queer appeal and fandom

Textless cover of Wolverine #6 (2003), illustrated by Esad Ribić. The cover depicts Wolverine suggestively staring at Nightcrawler, who is nude,[191] while the beer bottle resembles an erection.[192]

While Wolverine has been primarily depicted as straight in mainstream Marvel continuity,[191] the character has as of 2020 been hinted to be in a polyamorous relationship with Jean Grey and Cyclops.[193] Prior to this, Wolverine's relationship with Cyclops had often been acknowledged as homoerotic in both the comics,[194] and in media adaptations.[195] According to David Caballero of Comic Book Resources (CBR), the live-action film series "did a considerable yet unintentional job encouraging the ship", which is one of the most popular X-Men-related ships on the fanfiction website Archive of Our Own.[196] It has been argued that one of the reasons for the pairing's popularity is that "enemies-to-lovers stories remain a popular source of romantic entertainment".[196]

Outside of his relationship with Cyclops, Screen Rant's Alex Schlesinger has argued that taking into account their history in comics, there is "some precedent set for Wolverine and Nightcrawler to be in an intimate relationship together".[191] The X-Treme X-Men (2012–2013) series featured an alternate version of Wolverine who was in a relationship with Hercules,[197] and the two characters shared an on-panel kiss in issue #10.[198][199]

In 2012, ComicsAlliance assembled a panel consisting of various LGBT cartoonists, writers, editors, and journalists, to vote on which comics and characters had the biggest impact on them. As a group, the X-Men came in 13th place, with science fiction author and Doom Patrol writer Rachel Pollack stating that "the X-Men's themes are indelibly queer".[200] Wolverine was one of the individual X-Men singled out by many panel members as being of great importance to them, with some of the reasons provided being that he is "inspirational",[200] while for others being their "first crush" as young queer comic readers.[200]

Writing for Bleeding Cool, comics writer and columnist Rich Johnston described Wolverine as a "gay icon amongst many",[201] arguing that this was the case before Hugh Jackman first played the character in the live-action film series.[201] Hannah Collins of CBR also described Wolverine as a gay icon and argued that his appeal to queer fans is "largely invisible to heterosexual fans".[202] Collins also described Wolverine's muscular physique as similar to that of "the idealized men found [in] 'Bara' manga".[202] Bara is genre of Japanese manga focusing on male same-sex love, created primarily by gay men for a gay male audience,[203] and typically features masculine men with varying degrees of muscle, body fat, and body hair.[204][205] Echoing Collins' statement over the character's body, Ray Kampf described Wolverine in The Bear Handbook as an example of a bear in animation,[206] with a contributor in the book who is gay admitting his attraction to the character growing up.[207]

Wolverine #6 (2003), written by Greg Rucka, features a cover drawn by Esad Ribić.[192] The cover depicts Wolverine sitting on a chair, drinking beer, and staring at Nightcrawler.[192] Screen Rant notes how Nightcrawler is depicted in the nude, and that Wolverine is suggestively staring at his penis,[191] with CBR also noting that the beer he is holding resembling an erection.[192] According to Rucka, Ribić intentionally made the cover suggestive.[191] Collins described the cover as helping "bring [Wolverine's queer appeal] to mainstream attention".[202] According to Rucka, Ribić intentionally made the cover "salacious", finding comedy in the fact that "nobody at Marvel noticed".[191]

Accolades

Wolverine figure at Madame Tussauds London

Other versions

Age of Apocalypse

Main article: Age of Apocalypse

In the Age of Apocalypse story arc, the Wolverine/Logan character is again a member of the X-Men, this time using the code-name Weapon X rather than Wolverine.[224] In this reality the events which saw the character's Adamantium ripped out have never occurred, and it is Magneto that helps him to control his feral rages. Most significantly, Weapon X is missing a hand, cut off by Cyclops (who in turn is missing an eye thanks to Weapon X). The claws on this hand still exist, however, which appear by piercing through the metal stump covering the break. Consistent with the main characterization, this version is also shown to be a loner, his back story presenting him as an unwilling recruit to the X-Men. He and Jean Grey are lovers in this reality.[225] Also during the arc, there is a separate character named Wolverine, a mutant altered by Dark Beast, who worked as a tracker for Apocalypse.[226]

Weapon Omega

Later he offered himself to the Celestials to prevent the planet's judgment and was further augmented by the Celestial technology, yet while he had ascended in form and power, his mind had become so twisted to the point of assembling a deadly group of genetically modified warriors known as the Black Legion and sent them to kill Charles Lehnsherr, the infant son of Magneto and Rogue. He also captured his teammate Storm and renamed her as Orordius after using the Celestial technology on her, enslaving and transforming her into a blind seer made of living stone. He also intended to do the same to Jean Grey, by turning her into the Horseman of Death, but his efforts were prevented by the Uncanny X-Force from the Main Reality, who had traveled to the Age of Apocalypse seeking a celestial life seed.[227]

Age of X

In the Age of X reality, Wolverine's powers have been virtually lost after he was forced to ingest a mutant 'cure' to dispose of it; although his healing factor can stop the cure totally affecting him, it is now so focused on fighting the cure and the adamantium poisoning of his metal skeleton that he cannot fight anymore, as any additional strain placed on his system could kill him.[228]

Amalgam Comics

In the Amalgam Comics community, Wolverine was combined with Batman to create Dark Claw.[229][230]

Amazing Spider-Man: Renew Your Vows

In the Amazing Spider-Man: Renew Your Vows timeline, Wolverine is married to Jean Grey and they are the co-directors of education at Xavier's school for Gifted Youngsters. They also have a daughter named Kate, who is nicknamed "Shine."[231] In this timeline, the superhero Civil War was averted when Charles Xavier proposed self-policing among the super-powered community. The fallout of this decision tore apart Jean and Cyclops, leading to her marriage to Logan.

Civil War

In the alternate version of Civil War seen in the Secret Wars event, Wolverine is on Captain America's side, as is also a gray version of the Hulk.[232]

Counter-Earth

In the Onslaught Reborn mini-series, the Wolverine of Counter-Earth is revealed to have been masquerading as that Earth's version of Hawkeye.[volume & issue needed]

Days of Future Past

In the alternate reality Days of Future Past the X-Men fail to prevent the assassination of Senator Robert Kelly, which results in Sentinels ruling the United States of America by 2013 AD. Mutants fall one by one at the hands of the Sentinels, until only Wolverine, Storm, Colossus and Kate Pryde are left. They are confronted by a group of Sentinels and Wolverine lunges at one, ready to slice off the Sentinel's head, but his flesh is burned off by the Sentinel's hand laser. Wolverine seemingly dies and his charred Adamantium skeleton falls onto the ground. Later on in the Earth X: Heralds storyline, Wolverine is revived by X-51's machine.[233]

Deadpool: Merc with a Mouth

In the seventh issue of this series, Deadpool visits a universe where the wild west still exists. There Wolverine is a bounty hunter looking to make some money by capturing the Deadpool Kid.[234]

Earth-9712

During the "Devil's Reign" storyline, Doctor Octopus formed his Superior Four with a variation of Wolverine who has tentacles with immensely sharp blades on his back.[235] His real name was Otto Howlett and he was experimented on by a variation of Torbert Octavius.[236]

Earth X

According to the information in the Earth X miniseries Paradise X: Heralds, the second child of the Howletts died in childbirth and the Howletts found and adopted an infant member of the Moon Clan, a bestial race which has co-existed with humanity for hundreds of thousands of years. This Clan, which is also dubbed wolf clan, were mortal enemies of the Bear Clan, to which Sabretooth belongs. Supposedly, it is this Moon Tribe child who was named James Howlett and would grow up to become Wolverine explaining the enmity between Wolverine and Sabretooth in this alternative reality.[volume & issue needed]

It is also revealed that this seemingly divergent sub-species is in fact what the "true" human species would have become if not for the Celestials' intervention and genetic tampering.[volume & issue needed]

In the Earth X series, Wolverine has married Jean Grey; however, they are now overweight and fit the image of a bickering couple. When the Skull attacks New York, Wolverine refuses to aid Captain America and the other heroes in fighting him. Jean, disgusted, leaves Logan, but not before claiming that she is in fact Madelyne Pryor. The two later reconcile, but have not gotten back together.[volume & issue needed]

Exiles and Weapon X

Another version of Wolverine, originating from Earth-172, was revealed by Sabretooth to have joined an alternative, more sinister version of Weapon X in the Exiles series. At some point in Weapon X's travels, this version of Wolverine was killed. Like other fallen members of the Exiles and Weapon X, his body was stored in a stasis wall inside the Timebreakers' crystal palace before he was sent home to his own timeline to be cremated by his loved ones.[volume & issue needed]

Issue #85 and #86 followed the adventures of several Wolverines from different timelines gathered in an attempt to stop a mutant known as Brother Mutant, a being with the combined powers of Wolverine, Magneto, Quicksilver, Scarlet Warlock (a male version of the Scarlet Witch) and Mesmero. Different teams of Wolverines were gathered and each fell to the hypnotic powers of Brother Mutant. The last team of Wolverines was composed of Patch, an alternative version of the zombie Wolverine featured in the miniseries Marvel Zombies, Albert & Elsie-Dee, Weapon X, a young James Howlett and the Days of Future Past Logan. When most of this team fell before Brother Mutant's followers, Logan and James Howlett were able to contact the Timebreakers and convinced them to gather the original Exiles to help defeat Brother Mutant.[volume & issue needed]

Numerous other alternative reality versions of Wolverine appear in those issues as well, some of them being hybrids between Wolverine and main Marvel continuity characters (Thing/Wolverine, Hulk/Wolverine, Deadpool/Wolverine, etc.).[volume & issue needed]

Issue #91-94 shows Wolverine as an agent of HYDRA which he leads together with the Invisible Woman, with whom Logan has a relationship. They also appear in the following New Exiles series, where he is ultimately killed by an alternative version of Shadowcat.[volume & issue needed]

Future Imperfect

In the future of Future Imperfect, where Earth was decimated by nuclear war and the Hulk had become the insane dictator known as the Maestro, the now-elderly Rick Jones kept Wolverine's skeleton as one of the many mementoes of the age of heroes, his words implying that Wolverine was killed in the nuclear fallout of the two world wars between the present and his time. Rick was later killed when his attempt to defend himself from the Maestro with Captain America's shield caused him to be thrown out of his wheelchair and impaled on the skeleton's claws, the Maestro grimly commenting on the amusing irony of Rick being killed by one relic while defending himself with another.[237]

General James Howlett

From the "Exalted" storyline of Astonishing X-Men and X-Treme X-Men vol. 2, General Howlett was a general in the army of the British Empire, and viceroy of his world's Canada. Howlett was part of an expedition to the lost city of Shangri-La. There, his skeleton was bonded with the adamantine. However, he was taken from his world by some means when the Saviour came calling. He was held for a time, but escaped with the help of Scott Summers. Now he is a member of a dimension-hopping X-Men team and assisted with hunting down ten evil Xaviers from various alternative timelines to save the multiverse. He is in a relationship with his world's Hercules; however, their relationship is considered illicit because the gods of Olympus are not permitted to consort with mortals.[volume & issue needed]

Guardians of the Galaxy

In the alternative future of the Guardians of the Galaxy, Wolverine's adamantium skeleton is reanimated and controlled by the brain of Doctor Doom. Additionally, one of the villains appearing in the series, in which Wolverine is still remembered with awe as "the Brood Slayer", is his great-great-granddaughter Rancor, who is obsessed with her ancestor and owns one of his broken off claws. Rancor comes to rule a human colony, which had been founded by Wolverine and other mutants, hundreds of years ago. She came from a long lineage, all claiming rulership by relation to Wolverine. Most were murderous tyrants.[volume & issue needed]

It is, however, hinted at that Wolverine is still alive. Alluded to by several "shots" of an unrevealed, shadowy individual, which included captions and character comments heightening the suggestion. The character is never revealed, leaving the question of who they were unanswered.[volume & issue needed]

While it is a strongly held belief that he will live hundreds of years, this suggests Logan has the potential to live for thousands of years, but how it may fit into Marvel canon is unknown.[volume & issue needed]

Here Comes Tomorrow

In the "Here Comes Tomorrow" story arc, set 150 years in an alternative future, Wolverine is still alive and part of group fighting against a version of Beast possessed by Sublime. This version of Wolverine is killed when Beast artificially gives himself the powers of the Phoenix Force and turns off Wolverine's healing factor, before beating him to death. This future is averted by Jean Grey.[238]

The Hooded Man

This version of Wolverine comes from hundreds of years into the future. He is part of a group called "The Last Defenders", who, led by a future version of Sue Storm, have come back in time to save the last of humanity.[239] This future Logan later briefly encounters his younger self at the future Sue's funeral, telling him, "Don't even ask."[240]

During the Fantastic Force mini-series, Logan briefly leads the team when they find themselves under attack from various enemies summoned by Gaea the living spirit of the Fantastic Force's now barren earth. Due to the abandonment of all life she has been driven insane and attempts to force them back in to their timeline. After several confrontations and fights, Logan elects to stay behind in the future and to aid Gaea in restoring herself by sharing his healing factor. The two are last seen tending to a garden with Gaea pregnant.[241]

Hound

A Wolverine from an unidentified reality is called Hound and is shown to be the loyal pet of the unidentified Dark Phoenix and member of her Berserkers. This version is shown to also have spikes coming out of him. They appeared as members of the Multiversal Masters of Evil. When the group was on Earth-616, Hound accompanied Dark Phoenix and King Killmonger in attacking Echo, Iron Man, and Thor at Asgard even when Dark Phoenix summoned a Berserker that is a Thor from an unidentified reality.[242] They retreated after the Berserker Thor was killed by Thor. The Multiversal Masters of Evil then left Earth-616 to get back to work.[243]

Hound was with the Multiversal Masters of Evil when they attacked an unidentified Earth. Afterwards, Ghost Rider attacked them where he used his Hell Charger to knock down Hound and Kid Thanos.[244]

Hound accompanied the Multiversal Masters of Evil when they returned to Earth-616.[245] After she knocked down some of the Avengers and Prehistoric Avengers, Hound was sent to take out any who are still squirming. He fights the Prehistoric Ghost Rider and is killed by him.[246]

House of M

Although another reality, the Wolverine of House of M is the 616 Wolverine, retaining his memories from the old reality, including his untampered past. After the House falls, he retains these memories. The House of M Wolverine was a head operative of S.H.I.E.L.D.'s Red Guard, and had an affair with Mystique.[247]

Marvel Mangaverse

In the Marvel Mangaverse reality Wolverine, not Charles Xavier, formed the X-Men (Wolverine, Cyclops, Storm, Mirage and Jean Grey forming the core of the group, with Rogue living with them).[volume & issue needed]

Wolverine has one set of long metal claws—most likely adamantium and shaped like katanas on his left hand, and another set, on his right hand, composed of red energy (like Cyclops's optic beams) and shaped like lightsabers. Wolverine has incredible strength. He has white hair (it is later changed to black in the new mangaverse) and a strange tattoo on his face, possibly meant to be the Greek symbol Omega.[citation needed] His uniform is highly reminiscent of that worn by Dragon Ball character Vegeta, possibly as homage.[citation needed]

In this reality, he and Cyclops are brothers. Wolverine cost Cyclops one of his eyes, while it is hinted that Cyclops cost Wolverine one of his hands. (This seems to be why one of Wolverine's sets of claws is energy while the other is metal. Throughout this story with the exception of a pair of panels, Wolverine was depicted with two flesh and blood hands, but his right hand had claws of energy, not adamantium. The flesh and blood appearance of both hands continued in the final issue of the first arc of Mangaverse). He is also hinted to have had a relationship with Jean Grey, who had begun to favor Cyclops.[volume & issue needed]

In the New Mangaverse, Wolverine is one of the few mutants to survive the Hand/S.H.I.E.L.D. bio-engineered virus targeting mutants thanks to his healing factor. Jean Grey's rejection of him has clearly left him with some issues since he said he had a thing for redheads and flirts with Spider-woman (Mary Jane Watson) in New Mangaverse #2. It is clear that his advances are unwanted and that Mary Jane is scared of him. When Logan grabs her, Spider-Man becomes angry and tries to fight him but proves to be no match for Wolverine and it is ultimately the Black Cat that stops him. He flirts with the Black Cat throughout the New Mangaverse miniseries, saying "I've always been a sucker for a girl with a nice set of ... CLAWS." It is also hinted that at some point in the past he was Lady Deathstrike's lover.[volume & issue needed]

In the New Mangaverse, Wolverine teams up with the Black Cat, Captain America (Carol Danvers), Iron Man, Spider-Man, Spider-Woman (Mary Jane Watson), and The Torch (Jonatha Storm, Sioux Storm's half sister, this reality's Human Torch) to fight the Hand (some of the organization's more prominent members being Lady Deathstrike, Elektra, Silver Samurai, Sunfire, and a (brainwashed) Sharon Carter).[volume & issue needed]

Marvel Noir

In X-Men Noir, set in the Marvel Noir reality, "Captain" Logan is a heavily scarred bootlegger operating in Chinatown with his first mate Eugene. Logan is and adept at defending himself with a Japanese neko de or metallic claw. He guides the X-Men to Madrippor at the end of the series once solving and cleared of Jean Grey's murder, as he was a former flame.[248]

Wolverine Noir, which presents a different characterization, presents Jim Logan, a Catholic private investigator along with Dog Logan, whom he claims is his brother. As a victim of parental abuse, this version is an expert knife fighter and suffers from blackouts due to rage. They are hired by Mariko Yashida to advance the Yashida activates in the city and encounter a man named Creed. Both Mariko and Dog were killed by Logan's former friend Rose who was impaled by him for revenge using two katana knives.[249]

Marvel Zombies

In the alternative Marvel Zombies universe, Wolverine is one of many heroes who become infected by the zombie virus. He is actually infected when both zombies Captain America, and Hawkeye bite him. The virus overwhelms his healing factor, so he can no longer heal from any injury. He, along with other zombies, attempted to slay the Silver Surfer. Wolverine attacks the Surfer but his body is decayed so much that his right arm is torn apart, as his adamantium bones are stronger than his rotting flesh. Eventually Wolverine and the other zombies are successful in killing and eating the Surfer. As a result, he and the others gain the Silver Surfer's cosmic power and wound and devour Galactus, becoming the creatures collectively known as The Galacti.[volume & issue needed]

The Marvel Zombies attack a Skrull planet, only to encounter the Fantastic Four of the 616 reality - currently consisting of Black Panther, Storm, the Thing and the Human Torch, leaving the Zombies eager to capture the FF and transport back to their reality.[250]

In Marvel Zombies 2, Wolverine's lost right arm has been replaced with a cybernetic arm with claws. He is loyal to Henry Pym (Giant-Man) and willingly attacks the defecting Spider-Man. When the others realize that the hunger is fading, he initially refuses to let go of a survivor in his grasp until Henry Pym tells him to stop, saying he seemingly loses his hunger.[volume & issue needed] He is one of the last surviving zombies from the zombie Hulk's attack that killed many zombies, and even the last zombies to especially kill the Hulk with his cosmic powers.[volume & issue needed]

After that, he was teleported to a new world known as Earth 91126 along with the other surviving zombies. During the teleportation, he lost his cosmic powers, and became a regular zombie once more.[volume & issue needed]

Zombie Wolverine also appears in Marvel Zombies Return. In this Zombie Wolverine kills the human Elektra, Iron Fist (comics) and Shang-Chi, White Tiger, Black Tiger, and many of the Hand, thus recently he was one of the few remaining zombies left.[volume & issue needed]

He also appears in Japan, and infects another version of himself, though he resists the hunger and angrily kills him, zombie Spider-Man watches the whole thing happen. This reality's Wolverine joined Spider-Man's New Avengers consisting of Spider-Man, Iron Man (James Rhodes), Hulk and himself. He, along with the rest of the zombies are destroyed by the nanite-carried Sandman.[volume & issue needed]

MC2

In the alternative future known as MC2, Wolverine and Elektra are married and have a daughter named Rina Logan, who inherits her father's healing factor and senses and possesses "psychic claws" which resemble Psylocke's telepathic "psychic knife". She becomes a superheroine called Wild Thing. Wolverine also has a son, Sabreclaw (Hudson Logan), with another woman.[volume & issue needed]

During the events of Last Hero Standing, Wolverine is among the heroes kidnapped by Loki as part of his plan to bring about the end of the Age of Heroes.[volume & issue needed]

Mutant X

in Mutant X a version of Wolverine is a member of "the Pack" a group consisting of Sabertooth, Wildchild and Logan. All three savage and driven insane by the Weapon X experiments. The three roam the Canadian wilderness very much like a wolf pack.[volume & issue needed]

Old Man Logan

Main article: Old Man Logan

Old Man Logan is a character depicted in an eight-issue story arc in the Wolverine ongoing series by writer Mark Millar and artist Steve McNiven. He debuted in Wolverine #66 in June 2008. Set over fifty years in the future on Earth-807128, the entire United States has been overtaken and divided amongst supervillains. Logan lives with his wife Maureen and young children Scotty and Jade on a barren plot of land in Sacramento, California, now part of the territory known as "Hulkland." Logan needs money to pay rent to the landlords of this territory: the hillbilly grandchildren of the Hulk, who are products of years of incestuous procreation originating with Banner and his first cousin She-Hulk. To pay the rent, Logan accepts a job from a now-blind Hawkeye: help him navigate east across the country, to the capitol of New Babylon, and deliver a secret and illegal package.[volume & issue needed]

Throughout the story it is said that Logan as "Wolverine" died the day the villains attacked and has refused to pop his claws since, even in a fight. Via flashbacks it is revealed that on the night the world's heroes came under attack by masses of villains, a group consisting of Mr. Sinister, Sabretooth, Doctor Octopus, Omega Red, Bullseye and many others attacked the X-Mansion. Unable to locate his teammates, Wolverine was forced to slaughter the attackers to ensure the safety of the mutant children. As the last attacker was killed, Logan realized that the entire assault was an illusion created by Mysterio, and his perceived enemies were actually his fellow X-Men.[251] This destroyed him emotionally and mentally, and he wandered from the Mansion never to be heard from again, his last action laying his head across train tracks to be run over. Logan notes that while this would never have killed him, it in effect killed "Wolverine" for good.[volume & issue needed]

The story was concluded in Giant Size Old Man Logan (September 2009) with Logan riding off into the sunset, heavily implying that this alternative version of Wolverine is the same character as "The Hooded Man" version, described above.[volume & issue needed]

After the events of the "Death of Wolverine" story arc, an Old Man Logan from Earth-20923 was brought to serve as a member of the Earth-616 X-Men.

Old Man Phoenix

On Earth-14412 set during the reign of King Thor, an older version of Wolverine became possessed by the Phoenix Force and took on the alias of Old Man Phoenix. While he was bitter towards King Thor for disrupting the natural order of things, they are both confronted by Doctor Doom who is further empowered by the Starbrand, the "iron fist" move, as he plans to conquer Earth. Old Man Phoenix sacrifices himself so that King Thor can defeat Doctor Doom.[252]

When the Council of Red attack Avengers Tower in the God Quarry, Old Man Phoenix is shown to be alive as he and the granddaughters of King Thor arrive and save Ant-Man, Moon Knight, and Vision from the Council of Red members who were burrowing towards the First Firmament. He then states to the remaining Council of Red members underground that he and his friends would like a word with them.[253]

In a flashback, Earth-14412's Mystique took on the powers of the Phoenix Force and used its powers to blast apart Old Man Phoenix. It took the granddaughters of King Thor awhile to gather his pieces like his head from their Earth's Mangog. Back in the present, Old Man Phoenix and the granddaughters of King Thor attack the Council of Red as Ant-Man informs everyone to prepare for the attacks on the Council of Red done by Old Man Phoenix and the granddaughters of King Thor. Their attacks cause the surviving Council of Red members to retreat. Afterwards, Old Man Phoenix explains to the granddaughters of King Thor about the God Quarry and its purpose. When Doom Supreme arrives at the God Quarry with Doom the Living Planet and other Doctor Doom variants loyal to him, Old Man Phoenix and Star Panther go on the attack as Doom Supreme forms a forcefield so that he can chant a spell.[254] Old Man Phoenix continues his fight with Doom Supreme with help from Echo and her Phoenix abilities. After Star Panther flies through Doom the Living Planet, Old Man Phoenix and Echo use their Phoenix abilities to make Doom the Living Planet bleed molten blood.[255] As Old Man Phoenix fights the remaining Doctor Doom variants, he runs into Dark Phoenix again. Before Dark Phoenix can attack Old Man Phoenix, she is struck down the Prehistoric Phoenix Firehair. When Mephisto takes in a sample of an ancient Multiverse's powers, Old Man Logan recognizes its power.[256] As Old Man Phoenix uses his powers to hold back the remnants of the ancient Multiverse, he advises everyone to think of something fast to deal with it as he can't hold it back for long. As Star Brand talks with Fireheart, Old Man Phoenix and Echo witnesses Fireheart taking Star Brand with her to an unknown location. Once back on Earth-14412, Old Man Phoenix watches the Granddaughters of Thor with their Mjolnir as he is planting some flowers.[257]

Prelude to Deadpool Corps

In the second issue, a universe is shown where Wolverine is an orphaned kid at Professor X's orphanage for troubled kids. At a dance for the orphanage, along with Emma Frost's, Wolverine, aided by kid versions of Angel and Colossus, gets into a fight with Kidpool (a kid version of Deadpool for whom Wolverine expresses hatred).[258]

In the third issue, Deadpool visits an earth where he is a dog and Wolverine is a dog created by Mascara X to hunt and kill Dog Deadpool, the first dog they experimented on. This universe's Wolverine has claws. After the battle he is shot into a pool of acid, his fate is unknown.[259]

Ruins

Spending his time in a bar, this version of Wolverine threatened his fellow patrons to get more to drink, but more often than not was given free drinks by the bartender for showing off his "bone disease", bones that stuck out of the back of his hand. The bartender referred to him as "Canuck."[260]

Spider-Gwen

In the Spider-Gwen reality, Logan was a Japanese samurai that was cursed by a witch to continue walking the Earth for as many lives as he has killed. Like his 616 counterpart, his memory is erased after joining the Weapon X program and gaining adamantium claws. He then decides to work for S.H.I.E.L.D.'s Black Ops department, where his fellow operatives have nicknamed him "Mr. Murderhands." Spider-Gwen nicknames him Wolverine after body swapping with the Earth 616 X-23 (who had the Wolverine identity at the time). He works closely with Shadowcat, as Kitty feels guilty for using her powers to aid the Weapon X Program.[261]

Spider-Man Unlimited

Spider-Man Unlimited (a comic based on the Spider-Man Unlimited animated series) introduces a bestial version of Wolverine in #6. In this continuity, Wolverine is Naoko Yamada-Jones's ex-husband and Shayne's father. Peter first finds a photo of them together, which shows that Wolverine was a decorated soldier. He later runs into Wolverine as Spider-Man and the 2 of them fight, but then stop to talk as they notice a robber kidnapping Naoko. They both follow the robber and manage to easily find him, due to Wolverine's sense of smell. The 2 of them team up to fight the robber, who transforms into a lizard and is revealed to be Chameleon of Counter-Earth. After they defeat him, Wolverine then says that this neighborhood is not his home anymore and gives Spider-Man his medal, which resembles the medal that Naoko's husband wears in the photo, confirming that Wolverine is Shayne's father and Naoko's ex-husband, despite the Spider-Man Unlimited animated series confirming that the Green Goblin of Counter-Earth is Naoko's ex-husband and Shayne's father, leaving the identity of Naoko's ex-husband and Shayne's father unknown.[volume & issue needed]

Ultimate Marvel

Further information: Ultimate Wolverine

Ultimate Wolverine is the Wolverine in the Ultimate Marvel universe. Initially, this Wolverine was a member of Magneto's Brotherhood but later changes his mind and joins the Ultimate X-Men.

What If?

In the second What If? series (1989–1998):

In a recent What If? issue, Logan was present when Daken was born and was able to save him from the people who would have raised him in the original course of events, taking him to live in seclusion in the mountains in the hope that he could raise Daken away from the kind of life he has lived himself. However, despite his attempts to ensure privacy by turning Professor X away when he came to recruit Logan to join the X-Men, Logan's attempts to suppress Daken's darker instincts failed when Sabretooth found them, revealing the truth about his father's past to Daken. Leaving his father, Daken became a brutal killer, roaming various cities and killing his opponents, proclaiming that Logan made him what he is by denying him his heritage. Concluding that he will never bring anything good into the world, Logan stabs Daken in the heart with the Muramasa Blade, subsequently impaling himself to end his own dark stain on the world.[volume & issue needed]

Wolverine MAX

In Wolverine MAX, Wolverine is a lone survivor of a fatal plane crash. The law seems to think he is responsible for it. A mysterious woman who was a survivor of the plane crash, was eaten by a shark only to be seen by Logan later on television. In the flashbacks, he was a man on his way to the West to find peace within himself. He is also approached by Victor who claims he is the same as Logan and they do not have to be alone anymore.[263] Logan finds a lead leading him to a restaurant in the Roppongi district of Tokyo. He finds out he goes by another alias named Collinsworth. The mysterious woman's name turns out to be Yami. It also seems that he has numerous apartments and buildings in Tokyo as well. In his apartment, he observes some things and opens a safe with claws. It turns out he has a ton of fake identities. As he takes the subway, there is a flashback when a woman approaches him and makes conversation. Turns out Logan is a monk and is Canadian. She asks him to walk her home. Her name is Mariko Yashida. After she leaves, Victor approaches him jokes about how Logan is coming out of his shell and is acting like the Logan he heard about back in Canada. Victor then explains to him that outside of the monastery the country is in chaos. He also explains that guys like him and Logan are in demand because there are no others like them. Victor is working for the Machi-Yako which are helping the Shogunate Clan in their war against the Yashida Clan who, according to him, are rapists and killers. Victors employers are paying him in gold not rice, He attempts to persuade Logan by stating that he will need gold to win over a woman like Mariko. Back in the present, Logan is watching television when the news anchor states that Yami boarded the plane with John Grant, Logan's alias. Logan starts trying to find out why Yami was on the plane. He walks into a bar trying to get some information, only to end up in a bar fight. After some heavy persuasion, he finds out where Yami's family lives. In another flashback, Logan takes up Victor's offer. The two participate in the ongoing feud of the Shogunate and Yashida clans. Victor states that Shingen is hiding in a monastery. Logan is hesitant to fight his brothers. Victor responds: "Who is your true brother"? In the present, Logan arrives at Yami's family house. The father and sister are mourning. Logan explains that he was on the plane with her. Yami's father asks did she die in pain. Logan lies and says it was quick. The father warns Logan to leave the city before it is too late. At this point it is revealed that Logan's flashbacks go back to 150 years ago. As Logan is walking, a citizen warns Logan to run, because he is coming. Logan asks who, and the citizen lifts up his head only to show a grotesque face with his eye hanging out of the socket. The victim answers Logan with "Creed".[264]

It is also officially in the same continuity as Punisher MAX, Foolkiller MAX, the MAX Fury titles and Phantom Eagle MAX as evidenced in one issue where Wolverine got his adamantium claws from a Las Vegas gangster. Other major differences with this Wolverine from his main Marvel Universe counterpart are that his adamantium claws were from Mickey Gold a Las Vegas gangster instead of his skeleton coated in the material or bone claws and that he became a samurai and monk in the 1860s in feudal-era Japan when meeting Mariko Yashida.

Wolverine: Prodigal Son

Another alternative reality, in which Logan is a rebellious youth taken in by a dojo in a secluded forest when he was found near dead with amnesia. While his regenerative capabilities and claws are still present, his adamantium laced skeleton is absent. with the help of his friend tammarah he is trying to find her father and along with his past[volume & issue needed]

Wolverine: Snikt

Main article: Wolverine: Snikt

In this comic by Tsutomu Nihei, Wolverine is sent into an alternative future, year 2058 (Earth-3071), arriving there by the hand of the humans of that age in need of a weapon to fight against a race of engineered viruses that grow up to be sentient beings, and who can only be destroyed with adamantium.

Wolverine: The End

Wolverine: The End #1 cover

Wolverine: The End is a 2003 comic book featuring Wolverine. It was written by Paul Jenkins.

As part of Marvel's The End series the comic details Wolverine's last adventure. The story depicts Wolverine as an old man living in the Canadian wilderness facing his own mortality.[265] Events depicted within Wolverine: The End were subsequently contradicted by other storylines, such as those in Wolverine vol. 3 #55, and the 2005 "Decimation" storyline.

Wolverine vs the Marvel Universe

In this reality, the Punisher had unknowingly released an unstoppable plague which turns anyone infected into homicidal cannibals after stopping a potential weapons deal involving the Russian Mob. A few weeks later, Wolverine and Colossus are horrified after witnessing Spider-Man kill and eat the Rhino. Later during a mission against Hydra with Psylocke, Wolverine holds off the enemy forces while Psylocke attempts to get away, but she is taken by an unknown assailant who leaves her severed arm behind. Wolverine decides to stay to investigate Psylocke's disappearance and the cause of the growing pandemic, witnessing the horrid acts of violence and cannibalism over the city. He is eventually contacted by the X-Men to help investigate Angel's disappearance after the later was supposed to bring lab equipment for Hank McCoy, who along with Reed Richards, Hank Pym, and T'Challa, are trying to develop a cure for the plague. After killing an infected Doctor Octopus, Wolverine finds the Black Bird and an infected Angel, who he is forced to kill. Deducing that the plague may have reached Utopia, Wolverine takes the Black Bird back to Utopia and discovers that all the X-Men have been infected. Unable to save them, Wolverine kills all the X-Men on Utopia.

X-Men Forever

In an alternative reality continuing writer Chris Claremont's run from "Uncanny X-Men" Wolverine and Jean Grey have begun a secret psychic affair, though Jean remains with Scott for the time being, the professional aspects of the relationship has enough physical subtleties to be recognised by Kitty Pryde. After Nick Fury decrees that The X-Men must work closer with the government, an incensed Logan goes AWOL, but keeps in touch with Jean. Logan is later killed by Storm, who appears to have become evil and turned against the X-Men. His death sends Jean into a temporary coma. When she awakens, an enraged Jean is no longer able nor willing to hide her true feelings for Wolverine. Following the revelation of Storm's involvement in Wolverine's death, Storm is attacked by Shadowcat (who, due to an earlier phasing mishap, has acquired one of Wolverine's adamantium claws in her arm). Storm escapes and is revealed to be working for a shadowy, previously unknown group called "The Consortium". While the X-Men search New York for Storm, another younger version of Storm with short hair appears, and finds Gambit; she implies that she had been kidnapped, with Wolverine having freed her before his death. Around the same time, the older version of Storm is seemingly killed by a team of commandos from the Consortium. In this universe Sabretooth implies, after Wolverine's death, that Logan was his son, and that he wanted revenge on Storm for having killed him.[volume & issue needed]

X-Men: The End

Main article: X-Men: The End

In the alternative future of X-Men: The End, Wolverine is caring for a disabled Storm and has given up his life as an X-Man. However, after being attacked by a Warskrull, Wolverine and Storm return to the X-Men only to find a crater where the mansion stood. Wolverine along with Rachel Summers, X-23 and a few others were sent to find out what happened to Cable and his team. Wolverine and Jean Grey/Phoenix meet up again. Jean helps Logan break free of the Lady Mastermind and later helps him heal.[volume & issue needed]

Young X-Men: End of Days

Main article: Young X-Men

In a dystopic future depicted in the final two issues of "Young X-Men," an aged Logan is one of only four remaining mutants on "Xaviera", a former mutant safe-haven independent state and utopia. Anole, Emma Frost (now calling herself "Diamondheart"), Graymalkin, and an incapacitated and greatly aged Ink. Dust suddenly appears, now greatly changed in her appearance and persona with altered powers. Wolverine first catches her scent in the building after a mission causing her to reveal herself. He offers no resistance against her, stating that he cannot promise the same from the others. Asking her why she is "doing this," Dust responds that it is because mutants allowed her to die. Wolverine tells her to "get bent," and she immediately kills him, leaving nothing but his adamantium skeleton.[266]

In other media

Main article: Wolverine in other media

See also: Logan (film series character)

Hugh Jackman portrayed Wolverine in the X-Men film series.

Wolverine is one of the few X-Men characters appearing in every media adaptation of the X-Men franchise, including the 20th Century Fox X-Men films, television, computer and video games. Australian actor Hugh Jackman played Wolverine in the X-Men films and until December 2021 shared the Guinness World Record of the "longest career as a live-action Marvel superhero" with Patrick Stewart.[267][268]

Collected editions

Marvel Essentials

Marvel Essential editions reprint material in black and white.

Title Vol. Material collected Publication date ISBN
Essential Wolverine 1 Wolverine (vol. 2) #1–23 February 2009 978-0785135661
2 Wolverine (vol. 2) #24–47 March 2002 978-0785105503
3 Wolverine (vol. 2) #48–69 March 2002 978-0785105954
4 Wolverine (vol. 2) #70–90 May 2006 978-0785120599
5 Wolverine (vol. 2) #91–110, Annual '96; Uncanny X-Men #332 December 2008 978-0785130772
6 Wolverine (vol. 2) #111–128, −1, Annual '97 November 2012 978-0785163527
7 Wolverine (vol. 2) #129–148; Hulk (vol. 1) #8 May 2013 978-0785184089

Epic Collection

Title Vol. Vol. title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine Epic Collection 1 Madripoor Nights Wolverine (vol. 2) #1–16; material from Marvel Comics Presents #1–10; Marvel Age Annual #4 December 2014 978-0785189039
2 Back to Basics Wolverine (vol. 2) #17–30; Wolverine/Nick Fury: The Scorpio Connection; Wolverine: The Jungle Adventure March 2019 978-1302916091
3 Blood and Claws Wolverine (vol. 2) #31–44 (1988), Wolverine: Bloodlust (1990) 1, Wolverine: Bloody Choices (1991) 1 July 2021 978-1302930899
6 Inner Fury Wolverine (vol. 2) #69–75; Wolverine: Inner Fury; Wolverine: Killing; Wolverine: Global Jeopardy; Sabretooth (vol. 1) #1–4; X-Men (vol. 2) #25 March 2020 978-1302923907
7 To the Bone Wolverine (vol. 2) #76-86; Wolverine: Evilution; Wolverine & Nick Fury: Scorpio Rising; Ghost Rider, Wolverine, Punisher: The Dark Design; Cable #16 June 2023
8 The Dying Game Wolverine (vol. 2) #87–100; Wolverine Annual '95; Wolverine: Knight of Terra December 2015 978-0785192619
9 Tooth and Claw Wolverine (1988) #101-109, 102.5;Wolverine Annual '96; Uncanny X-Men (1981) #332; Venom: Tooth and Claw (1996) #1-3; Logan: Path of the Warlord (1996) #1; Logan: Shadow Society (1996) #1 June 14, 2022
12 Shadow of Apocalypse Wolverine (vol. 2) #133–149; Hulk (vol. 1) #8; Wolverine/Cable: Guts'n'Glory February 2017 978-1302903855
13 Blood Debt Wolverine (vol. 2) #150–158; Wolverine Annual '99; Wolverine: The Origin #1–6 March 2018 978-1302910228

Wolverine Omnibus

Title Vol. Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine Omnibus 1 Wolverine vol.1 #1–4; Wolverine vol. 2, #1–10; Marvel Comics Presents #1–10, 72–84; The Incredible Hulk #180–182, 340; Marvel Treasury Edition #26; Best of Marvel Comics (HC); Kitty Pryde and Wolverine #1–6; Spider-Man vs. Wolverine #1; Marvel Age Annual #4; Punisher War Journal #6–7; Uncanny X-Men #172–173 April 2009
April 2020
978-0785134770
978-1302922672
2 Wolverine (1988) 11–30, Havok & Wolverine: Meltdown (1988) 1–4, Wolverine/Nick Fury: The Scorpio Connection (1989) 1, Wolverine: The Jungle Adventure (1990) 1, Wolverine: Bloodlust (1990) 1, material from Marvel Comics Presents (1988) 38-71 August 2021 978-1302929954
3 Wolverine (1988) 31–59, Wolverine: Bloody Choices, Wolverine: Rahne of Terra, Ghost Rider/Wolverine/Punisher: Hearts of Darkness, X-Men (1991) #4-7, material from Marvel Fanfare (1982) #54-55, and Marvel Comics Presents (1988) #85-108 January 2023 978-1302946517
4 Wolverine (1988) 60-75, Wolverine: Inner Fury, Wolverine: Killing, Wolverine: Global Jeopardy, Wolverine and The Punisher: Damaging Evidence #1-3, Sabertooth #1-4, Spider-Man/Punisher/Sabertooth: Designer Genes, X-Men (1991) #25, material from Marvel Comics Presents (1988) #109-142 and Marvel Holiday Special #2 September 2023
5 Wolverine (1988) #76-101; Wolverine Annual '95; Marvel Comics Presents (1988) #150-151, 152-155 (A stories); Cable (1993) #16; Wolverine: Evilution (1994) #1; Wolverine & Nick Fury: Scorpio Rising (1994) #1 Ghost Rider/Wolverine/Punisher: The Dark Design (1994) #1; Wolverine: Knight of Terra (1995) #1; Wolverine/Gambit: Victims (1995) #1-4; Uncanny X-Men (1981) #332; Logan: Path of the Warlord (1996) #1 April 2024
Weapon X: The Return Omnibus Wolverine vol.2 (1988) #162-166, #173-174, #176; Deadpool (1997) #57-60; Weapon X (2002) #1/2, 1-28; Weapon X: The Draft - Sauron, Wild Child, Kane, Marrow, Agent Zero; Weapon X: Days of Future Now #1-5; material from Wolverine (1988) #175, Deadpool (2012) #27 May 2018 978-1302911829
Wolverine by Mark Millar Omnibus Wolverine vol.3 #20-32, #66-72, Wolverine Giant-Size Old Man Logan July 2013 078516796X
Wolverine: Sabretooth Wolverine vol.3 #50-55, #310-313 June 2013 978-0785183853
Wolverine by Jason Aaron Omnibus Wolverine vol.3 #56 and #62-65; Wolverine: Manifest Destiny #1-4; Wolverine: Weapon X #1-16; Dark Reign: The List — Wolverine; material from Wolverine #73-74, Dark X-Men: The Beginning #3 and Wolverine (1988) vol.2 #175 July 2011 0-7851-5639-9
Wolverine Goes to Hell Omnibus Wolverine (2010) vol.4 #1-20, #5.1, #300-304; Astonishing Spider-Man and Wolverine #1-6; X-Men: Schism #1-5; material from Wolverine: Road To Hell May 2018 978-1302911591
Wolverine and the X-Men by Jason Aaron Omnibus Wolverine and the X-Men vol.1 #1-35 and #38-41, Annual #1 June 2014 0-7851-9024-4

Oversized hardcovers

Title Vol. Material collected Publication date ISBN
The Best of Wolverine 1 Wolverine (vol. 1) #1–4; Marvel Comics Presents #72–84; The Incredible Hulk #181; Uncanny X-Men #205; Captain America Annual #8 October 2004 978-0785113706
House of M: Wolverine, Iron Man & Hulk Wolverine vol.3 #33-35, Iron Man: House of M #1-3, Incredible Hulk #83-87, Captain America #10, Pulse #10, and Cable & Deadpool #17 February 2010 978-0785138822
Acts of Vengeance Crossovers Omnibus Wolverine vol.2 (1988) #19-20; Fantastic Four #334-336; Doctor Strange, Sorcerer Supreme #11-13; Incredible Hulk #363; Punisher (1987) #28-29; Punisher War Journal (1988) #12-13; Marc Spector: Moon Knight #8-10; Daredevil #275-276; Power Pack (1984) #53; Alpha Flight (1983) #79-80; New Mutants (1983) #84-86; Uncanny X-Men #256-258; X-Factor (1986) #49-50; Damage Control (1989, volume 2) #1-4; Web of Spider-Man (1985) #64-65 July 2011 0-7851-4488-9
X-Men: Fatal Attractions Wolverine #75; Uncanny X-Men #298–305 and 315, Annual #17; X-Factor #87–92; X-Men Unlimited #1–2; X-Force #25; X-Men #25; Excalibur #71 April 2012 978-0785162452
Wolverine: The Adamantium Collection Origin #1-6; material from Marvel Comics presents (1988) #72-84; Uncanny X-Men (1963) #162, 205, 268; Wolverine (vol. 1) #1-4; Wolverine (vol. 2) #75, 119-122; Wolverine (1988) (vol. 2) #75, 119–122, Wolverine (2003) #32; Wolverine & The X-Men 1-3 June 2013 978-0785167891
X-Men: Battle of the Atom Wolverine and the X-Men vol.1 #36-37; X-Men: Battle of the Atom (vol. 1) #1-2; All-New X-Men #16-17; X-Men (vol. 4) #5-6; Uncanny X-Men (vol. 3) #12-13 January 2014 978-0785189060
Wolverine: Japan's Most Wanted Wolverine: Japan's Most Wanted #1-13 June 2014
X-Men: Phalanx Covenant Wolverine #85; Uncanny X-Men #306, #311–314 and #316–317; Excalibur #78–82; X-Men #36–37; X-Factor #106; X-Force #38; Cable #16 February 2014 978-0785185499
X-Men / Avengers: Onslaught Omnibus Wolverine #104-105; Cable #32-36; Uncanny X-Men #333-337; X-Force #55, #57-58; X-Man #15-19; X-Men #53-57, Annual '96; X-Men Unlimited #11; Onslaught: X-Men, Marvel Universe, Epilogue; Avengers #401-402; Fantastic Four #415; Incredible Hulk #444-445; X-Factor #125-126; Amazing Spider-Man #415; Green Goblin #12; Spider-Man #72; Iron Man #332; Punisher #11; Thor #502; X-Men: Road to Onslaught #1; material from Excalibur #100, Fantastic Four #416 July 2015 078519262X
Marvel Universe by John Byrne Omnibus 1 Wolverine (1988) #17–23; Champions #11–15; Marvel Preview #11; Avengers (1963) #164–166, 181–191; Power Man #48-50; Marvel Premiere #47-48; Captain America (1968) #247-255; Silver Surfer (1982) #1; Incredible Hulk (1968) #314-319; Marvel Fanfare (1982) #29 April 2016 978-0785195603
Deadpool: Beginnings Omnibus Wolverine vol.2 #88, #154-155; New Mutants #98; X-Force #2, #11, #15, #47, #56; Nomad #4; Deadpool: The Circle Chase #1-4; Secret Defenders #15-17; Deadpool #1-4; Heroes For Hire #10-11; Deadpool Team-Up #1; material from Avengers #366; Silver Sable and the Wild Pack #23; Wolverine Annual '95, '99; Deadpool cameo pages January 2017 978-1302904296
Wolverine: Origin – The Complete Collection Origin #1–6; Origin II #1–5 January 2017 978-1302904715
Deadpool by Daniel Way Omnibus 1 Wolverine: Origins #21-25; Deadpool (2008) #1-26; Thunderbolts (1997) #130-131; Hit-Monkey (2010A) #1, (2010B) #1-3; Deadpool Saga February 2018 978-1302910068
Hunt for Wolverine Hunt For Wolverine #1, Hunt For Wolverine: Weapon Lost #1-4, Hunt For Wolverine: Adamantium Agenda #1-4, Hunt For Wolverine: Claws Of A Killer #1-4, Hunt For Wolverine: Mystery In Madripoor #1-4, Where's Wolverine pages November 2018 978-1302913014
Marvel Universe by Rob Liefeld Omnibus Wolverine vol.2 (1988) #154-157; X-Factor (1986) 40, Uncanny X-Men (1981) 245, What If? (1989) 7, Captain America (1996) 1–6, Avengers (1996) 1–7, Onslaught Reborn 1–5; Material From Amazing Spider-Man Annual 23; Marvel Comics Presents (1988) 51–53, 85–86, 99, Heroes Reborn 1/2 October 2019 978-1302920029
X-Men vs Apocalypse: The Twelve Omnibus Wolverine vol.2 (1988) #145-149; Uncanny X-Men (1981) #371-380, Annual'99; X-Men (1991) #91-93, #94 (A STORY), #95-99, Annual'99; X-Men Unlimited (1993) #24(A STORY), #25-26; Gambit (1999) #8-9; Astonishing X-Men (1999) #1-3; Cable (1993) #71-78; X-Man (1995) #59-60; X-51 (1999) #8; X-Force (1991) #101; X-Men 1999 Yearbook February 2020 978-1302922870

Thick Trade Paperbacks (Complete / Ultimate Collections)

Title Vol. Vol. title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine: Prehistory Marvel Comics Presents #93–98; Wolverine (vol. 3) #32; Logan: Path of the Warlord, Shadow Society; Wolverine: Agent of Atlas #1–3; First X-Men #1–5; Wolverine: Hunger; Wolverine (vol. 2) #-1; Before The Fantastic Four: Ben Grimm & Logan #1–3; Wolverine/Cable; Wolverine: The Amazing Immortal Man & Other Bloody Tales; Wolverine #1000 February 2017 978-1-3029-0386-2
The Return of Weapon X Wolverine vol. 2, #159–176 (1988), and ANNUAL 2000-2001 October 8, 2013 978-0785185239
Wolverine Vs. the Marvel Universe Marvel Comics Presents #117–122; Captain America Annual #8; Daredevil (vol. 1) #249; Spider-Man Vs. Wolverine; Incredible Hulk (vol. 1) #340; Wolverine (vol. 2) #134; Wolverine Vs. Thor #1–3; Marvel Universe Vs. Wolverine #1–4 March 2017 978-1-3029-0465-4
Wolverine by Greg Rucka Ultimate Collection Wolverine (vol. 3) #1–19 January 2012 978-0785158455
Wolverine: Enemy of the State Ultimate Collection Wolverine (vol. 3) #20–32 June 2008
October 2006
SC: 978-0785133018
HC: 978-0785122067
Wolverine by Daniel Way: The Complete Collection 1 Wolverine (1988) #187-189, Wolverine (2003) #33-40, Wolverine: Origins #1-5 and #1 Director's Cut, Sabretooth (2004) #1-4, and Material From I (Heart) Marvel: My Mutant Heart #1 January 2017 978-1302904722
2 Wolverine (vol. 3) #50–55; Wolverine: Origins #6–15, Annual #1; What If: Wolverine #1 September 2017 978-1302907389
3 Wolverine: Origins #16–32; X-Men: Original Sin #1; X-Men: Legacy #217–218; "One Percenter" stories from Wolverine (vol. 3) #73–74 February 2018 978-1302907686
4 Wolverine: Origins #33–50; Dark Wolverine #85–86 June 2018 978-1302909529
Wolverine by Jason Aaron: The Complete Collection 1 Wolverine (vol. 3) #56, 62–65; material from #73–74; Wolverine: Manifest Destiny 1–4; Wolverine: Weapon X 1–5; material from Wolverine (vol. 2) #175 December 2013 978-0785185413
2 Wolverine: Weapon X #6–16; Dark Reign: The List – Wolverine #1; Dark X-Men: The Beginning #3; All-New Wolverine Saga April 2014 978-0785185765
3 Wolverine (vol. 4) #1–9, 5.1; Astonishing Spider-Man & Wolverine #1–6; material from Wolverine: Road to Hell #1 August 2014 978-0785189084
4 Wolverine (vol. 4) #10–20, 300–304 December 2014 978-0785189091
Death of Wolverine Prelude: Three Months To Die Wolverine (vol. 6) #1–12, Annual #1 April 2020 9781302922832
The Complete Collection Death of Wolverine #1–4; Death of Wolverine: The Weapon X Program #1–5; Death of Wolverine: Logan Legacy #1–7; Death of Wolverine: Deadpool & Captain America #1; Death of Wolverine: Life After Logan #1 May 2018 978-1302912420
Companion Wolverine & the X-Men (vol. 2) #10–11; Nightcrawler (vol. 4) #7; Wolverines #1–20 March 2019 978-1302916107
Hunt for Wolverine Hunt For Wolverine #1, Hunt For Wolverine: Weapon Lost #1-4, Hunt For Wolverine: Adamantium Agenda #1-4, Hunt For Wolverine: Claws Of A Killer #1-4, Hunt For Wolverine: Mystery In Madripoor #1-4, Where's Wolverine pages November 2018 HC: 978-1302913014
X Lives of Wolverine and X Deaths of Wolverine X Lives of Wolverine (2022) #1-5, X Deaths of Wolverine (2022) #1-5 December 2022 HC: 978-1302931223 SC: 978-1302931230

Main series

Title Vol. Vol. title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine Wolverine #1–4; Uncanny X-Men #172–173 January 2007 HC: 978-0785123293
March 2009 SC: 978-0785137245
June 18, 2013
Wolverine Classic 1 Wolverine vol. 2, #1–5 April 2005 978-0785117971
2 Wolverine vol. 2, #6–10 September 2005 978-0785118770
3 Wolverine vol. 2, #11–16 May 2006 978-0785120537
4 Wolverine vol. 2, #17–23 September 2006 978-0785120544
5 Wolverine vol. 2, #24–30 September 2007 978-0785127390
Wolverine by Larry Hama & Marc Silvestri 1 Wolverine vol. 2, #31–37; Wolverine: The Jungle Adventure; Wolverine: Bloodlust July 9, 2013 978-0785184515
2 Wolverine vol. 2, #38–46; Wolverine: Rhane of Terra February 4, 2014 978-0785188711
Wolverine Weapon X Unbound Wolverine vol. 2, #47–57 January 24, 2017 978-1302903886
Wolverine Legends 6 Marc Silvestri Wolverine vol. 2, #31–34, 41–42, 48–50 May 2004 978-0785109525
Wolverine Not Dead Yet Wolverine vol. 2, #119–122 December 1998
May 2009
SC: 978-0785107040
HC: 978-0785137665
Wolverine Blood Wedding Wolverine vol. 2, #123–132, and Wolverine: Black Rio December 1998
May 2009
978-0785185246
978-0785185246
X-Men vs. Apocalypse 1 The Twelve Wolverine vol. 2, #146–147; Cable #73–76; Uncanny X-Men #376–377; X-Men #96–97 March 2008 978-0785122630
2 Ages of Apocalypse Wolverine vol. 2, #148; Cable #77; Uncanny X-Men #378, Annual '99; X-51 #8; X-Men #98; X-Men Unlimited #26; X-Men: The Search for Cyclops #1–4 September 2008 978-0785122647
Wolverine Blood Debt Wolverine vol. 2, #150–153 July 2001 978-0785107859
The Best There Is Wolverine vol. 2, #159–161, 167–169 September 2002 978-0785110071
The Return of Weapon X Wolverine vol. 2, #159–176 and Annual 2000-2001 October 8, 2013 978-0785185239
Wolverine/Deadpool Weapon X Wolverine vol. 2, #162–166; Deadpool #57–60 August 2002 978-0785109181
Wolverine Legends 3 Law of the Jungle Wolverine vol. 2, #181–186 March 2003 978-0785111351
Wolverine by Greg Rucka 1 The Brotherhood Wolverine (vol. 3) #1–6 February 2004 978-0785111368
2 Coyote Crossing Wolverine (vol. 3) #7–11 May 2004 978-0785111375
3 Return of the Native Wolverine (vol. 3) #12–19 October 2004 978-0785113973
Wolverine: Enemy of the State 1 Wolverine (vol. 3) #20–25 October 2006
May 2005
SC: 978-0785114925
HC: 978-0785118152
2 Wolverine (vol. 3) #26–32 June 2006
December 2005
SC: 978-0785116271
HC: 978-0785119265
Wolverine: Enemy of the State Ultimate Collection Wolverine (vol. 3)#20–32 June 2008
October 2006
SC: 978-0785133018
HC: 978-0785122067
House of M World of M, Featuring Wolverine Wolverine (vol. 3) #33–35; Black Panther vol. 4, #7; Captain America vol. 5, #10; The Pulse #10 March 2006 978-0785119227
Decimation Origins and Endings Wolverine (vol. 3) #36–40 December 2006
May 2006
SC: 978-0785119791
HC: 978-0785119777
Blood and Sorrow Wolverine (vol. 3) #41, 49; Giant-Size Wolverine #1; X-Men Unlimited #12 July 2007 978-0785126072
Civil War: Wolverine Wolverine (vol. 3) #42–48 May 2007 978-0785119807
Evolution Wolverine (vol. 3) #50–55 March 2008
November 2007
SC: 978-0785122562
HC: 978-0785122555
The Death of Wolverine Wolverine (vol. 3) #56–61 July 2008
April 2008
SC: 978-0785126126
HC: 978-0785126119
Get Mystique Wolverine (vol. 3) #62–65 August 2008 978-0785129639
Old Man Logan Wolverine (vol. 3) #66–72; Wolverine: Old Man Logan Giant-Size September 2010
October 2009
SC: 978-0785131724
HC: 978-0785131595
Dark Wolverine 1 The Prince Wolverine (vol. 3) #73–74 (back stories); Dark Wolverine #75–77 March 2010
November 2009
SC: 978-0785138662
HC: 978-0785139003
2 My Hero Dark Wolverine vol. 3, #78–81 March 2010 SC: 978-0785138679
HC: 978-0785139775
Siege: X-Men Dark Wolverine #82-84, New Mutants (vol. 3) #11, Siege: Storming Asgard - Heroes & Villains #1 August 2010 978-0785148159
Wolverine: The Reckoning Dark Wolverine #85-87, Wolverine: Origins #46-50 October 2010 978-0785139782
Punisher: Franken-Castle Dark Wolverine #88-89, Punisher (vol. 8) #11-16, Franken-Castle #17-21, Dark Reign: The List - Punisher #1 December 2010 978-0785147541
Daken: Dark Wolverine - Punishment Dark Wolverine #75-89, Dark Reign: The List - Punisher #1, Wolverine: Origins #47-48, Franken-Castle #19-20, Dark Wolverine Saga #1 July 2017 978-1302906863
Daken: Dark Wolverine 1 Empire Dark Wolverine #90, Daken: Dark Wolverine #1-4 February 2011 978-0785147053
Wolverine Goes to Hell Wolverine (vol. 4) #1–5 January 2011
February 2011
SC: 978-0785147855
HC: 978-0785147848
Wolverine Vs. The X-Men Wolverine (vol. 4) #6–9 & 5.1 June 2011 SC: 978-0785147879
HC: 978-0785147862
Wolverine's Revenge Wolverine (vol. 4) #10–16 November 2011 SC: 978-0785152798
HC: 978-0785152798
Wolverine Goodbye, Chinatown Wolverine (vol. 4) #17–20 April 2012 HC: 978-0785161417
Back in Japan Wolverine #300–304 July 2012 HC: 978-0785161431
Rot Wolverine #305–309 September 2012 HC: 978-0785161455
Sabretooth Reborn Wolverine #310–313 February 2013 HC: 978-0785163251
Covenant Wolverine #314–317 April 2013 TPB: 978-0785164678
Wolverine Volume 1: Hunting Season Wolverine (vol. 5) #1–6 September 2013 978-0785183969
Wolverine Volume 2: Killable Wolverine (vol. 5) #6–13 March 25, 2014 SC: 978-0785183976
Wolverine Volume 2: Three Months to Die Book 2 Wolverine (vol. 6) #1-7 August 2014
Wolverine Volume 2: Three Months to Die Book 2 Wolverine (vol. 6) #8-12, Annual #1 December 9, 2014 SC: 978-0785154204
Death of Wolverine Prelude: Three Months To Die Wolverine (vol. 6) #1–12, Annual #1 April 2020 9781302922832
The Complete Collection Death of Wolverine #1–4; Death of Wolverine: The Weapon X Program #1–5; Death of Wolverine: Logan Legacy #1–7; Death of Wolverine: Deadpool & Captain America #1; Death of Wolverine: Life After Logan #1 May 2018 978-1302912420
Companion Wolverine & the X-Men (vol. 2) #10–11; Nightcrawler (vol. 4) #7; Wolverines #1–20 March 2019 978-1302916107
Hunt for Wolverine Hunt For Wolverine #1, Hunt For Wolverine: Weapon Lost #1-4, Hunt For Wolverine: Adamantium Agenda #1-4, Hunt For Wolverine: Claws Of A Killer #1-4, Hunt For Wolverine: Mystery In Madripoor #1-4, Where's Wolverine pages November 2018 HC: 978-1302913014
Return of Wolverine Return of Wolverine #1-5 April 2019 978-1302911980
Wolverine: Infinity Watch Wolverine: Infinity Watch #1-5 September 10, 2019 978-1302915810
Wolverine by Benjamin Percy Vol 1 Wolverine (vol. 7) #1-5 December 2020 978-1302921828
Wolverine by Benjamin Percy Vol 2 Wolverine (vol. 7) #8-12 September 2021 978-1302921835
Wolverine by Benjamin Percy Vol 3 Wolverine (vol. 7) #14-19 February 2022 978-1302927257
Wolverine by Benjamin Percy Vol 4 Wolverine (vol. 7) #20-25 December 2022 978-1302927264
Wolverine by Benjamin Percy Vol 5 Wolverine (vol. 7) #26-30 June 2023 978-1302932978
Wolverine by Benjamin Percy Vol 6 Wolverine (vol. 7) #31-35 October 2023 978-1302947644
Wolverine by Benjamin Percy Vol 7 Wolverine (vol. 7) #36-40 March 2024 978-1302951535
Wolverine by Benjamin Percy Vol 8 Wolverine (vol. 7) #41-45 June 2024 978-1302954727
Wolverine by Benjamin Percy Vol 9 Wolverine (vol. 7) #46-50 August 2024 978-1302954734

Wolverine: Origins

Title Vol. Vol. title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine: Origins 1 Born in Blood Wolverine: Origins #1–5 April 2007
November 2006
SC: 978-0-7851-2287-6
HC: 978-0785122852
2 Savior Wolverine: Origins #6–10 October 2007
March 2007
SC: 978-0-7851-2288-3
HC: 978-0785122869
3 Swift and Terrible Wolverine: Origins #11–15 November 2007
August 2007
SC: 978-0-7851-2613-3
HC: 978-0785126379
4 Our War Wolverine: Origins #16–20, Annual #1 June 2008
February 2008
SC: 978-0-7851-2614-0
HC: 978-0785126386
5 Deadpool Wolverine: Origins #21–27 December 2008
September 2008
SC: 978-0-7851-2615-7
HC: 978-0785126393
X-Men Original Sin Wolverine: Origins #28–30; X-Men: Original Sin #1; X-Men: Legacy #217–218 August 2009
February 2009
SC: 978-0-7851-2956-1
HC: 978-0785130383
Wolverine: Origins 6 Dark Reign Wolverine: Origins #31–36 December 2009
September 2009
SC: 978-0-7851-3538-8
HC: 978-0785136286
7 Romulus Wolverine: Origins #37–40 April 2010
December 2009
SC: 978-0785135395
HC: 978-0-7851-3629-3
8 Seven the Hard Way Wolverine: Origins #41–45 September 2010
April 2010
SC: 978-0-7851-4649-0
HC: 978-0785146483
9 The Reckoning Wolverine: Origins #46–50; Dark Wolverine #85–87 October 2010 HC: 978-0785139782

Wolverine: First Class

Title Vol. title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine: First Class The Rookie Wolverine: First Class #1–4; The Incredible Hulk #181 October 2008 978-0-7851-3316-2
To Russia With Love Wolverine: First Class #5–8; The Uncanny X-Men #139–140 February 2009 978-0-7851-3317-9
Wolverine by Night Wolverine: First Class #9–12 April 2009 978-0-7851-3534-0
Ninjas, Gods and Divas Wolverine: First Class #13–16; X-Men and Power Pack #1 August 2009 978-0-7851-3535-7
Class Actions Wolverine: First Class #17–21 February 2010 978-0-7851-3678-1
Weapon X: First Class Wolverine: Tales of Weapon X Weapon X: First Class #1-3, Wolverine: First Class #1-2 And Wolverine And Power Pack #2 November 2009

Wolverine: Weapon X

Title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine: Weapon X, Vol. 1: The Adamantium Men Wolverine: Weapon X #1–5; Wolverine vol. 3, #73–74 April 2010
November 2009
SC: 978-0785141112
HC: 978-0785140177
Wolverine: Weapon X, Vol. 2: Insane in the Brain Wolverine: Weapon X #6–10 July 2010
March 2010
SC: 978-0785141129
HC: 978-0785140184
Wolverine: Weapon X, Vol. 3: Tomorrow Dies Today Wolverine: Weapon X #11–16; Dark Reign: The List – Wolverine October 2010
March 2011
SC: 978-0785146513
HC: 978-0785146506

Wolverine and the X-Men

Title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine and the X-Men, Vol. 1 Wolverine and the X-Men (vol. 1) #1–4 May 2, 2012 978-0785156796
Wolverine and the X-Men: Alpha & Omega Wolverine & the X-Men: Alpha & Omega (vol. 1) #1–5 July 2012 978-0785164005
Wolverine and the X-Men, Vol. 2 Wolverine and the X-Men (vol. 1) #5–8 September 5, 2012 978-0785156819
Wolverine and the X-Men, Vol. 3 Wolverine and the X-Men (vol. 1) #9–13 October 10, 2012 978-0785159995
Wolverine and the X-Men, Vol. 4 Wolverine and the X-Men (vol. 1) #14–18 January 8, 2013 978-0785165422
Wolverine and the X-Men, Vol. 5 Wolverine and the X-Men (vol. 1) #19–24 July 16, 2013 978-0785165774
Wolverine and the X-Men, Vol. 6 Wolverine and the X-Men (vol. 1) #25–29 September 24, 2013 978-0785165996
Wolverine and the X-Men, Vol. 7 Wolverine and the X-Men (vol. 1) #30–35 October 2013 978-0785166009
X-Men: Battle of the Atom X-Men: Battle of the Atom (vol. 1) #1–2; All-New X-Men (vol. 1) 16–17; X-Men (vol. 4) #5–6; Uncanny X-Men (vol. 3) #12–13; Wolverine and the X-Men (vol. 1) #36–37 January 21, 2014 Hardcover: 978-0785189060

Paperback: 978-1846535727

Wolverine and the X-Men, Vol. 8 Wolverine and the X-Men (vol. 1) #38–42; Wolverine and the X-Men Annual (vol. 1) #1 September 24, 2013 978-0785166016
Wolverine & the X-Men by Jason Aaron Omnibus Wolverine and the X-Men (vol. 1) #1–35 & 38–42; Wolverine and the X-Men Annual (vol. 1) #1 June 17, 2014 978-0785190240
Wolverine and the X-Men, Volume 1: Tomorrow Never Learns Wolverine and the X-Men (vol. 2) #1–6 November 18, 2014 Paperback: 978-0785189923
Wolverine and the X-Men, Volume 2: Death of Wolverine Wolverine and the X-Men (vol. 2) #7–12 February 17, 2015 Paperback: 978-0785189930

Wolverine: The Best There Is

Title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine: The Best There Is: Contagion Wolverine: The Best There Is #1-6 July 2011
Wolverine: The Best There Is: Broken Quarantine Wolverine: The Best There Is #7-12 July 2012
Wolverine: The Best There Is: The Complete Series Wolverine: The Best There Is #1-12 May 2013

Savage Wolverine

Title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Savage Wolverine Vol. 1: Kill Island; Wolverine by Frank Cho: Savage Land Savage Wolverine #1-5 August 2013
Savage Wolverine Vol. 2: Hands on a Dead Body Savage Wolverine #6-11 February 2014
Savage Wolverine Vol. 3: Wrath Savage Wolverine #12-17 July 2014
Savage Wolverine Vol. 4: The Best There Is Savage Wolverine #18-23 August 2015

Marvel Comics Presents featuring Wolverine

Title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Marvel Comics Presents: Wolverine, Vol. 1 Marvel Comics Presents #1–10 July 2005 978-0-7851-1826-8
Marvel Comics Presents: Wolverine, Vol. 2 Marvel Comics Presents #39–50 January 2006 978-0-7851-1883-1
Marvel Comics Presents: Wolverine, Vol. 3 Marvel Comics Presents #51–61 June 2006 978-0-7851-2065-0
Marvel Comics Presents: Wolverine, Vol. 4 Marvel Comics Presents #62–71 December 2006 978-0-7851-2066-7
Wolverine and Ghost Rider in Acts of Vengeance Marvel Comics Presents #64-70 1993 0-7851-0022-9
Wolverine: Weapon X Marvel Comics Presents #72–84 March 2009
March 2007
SC: 978-0-7851-3726-9
HC: 978-0785123279
Wolverine: Blood Hungry Marvel Comics Presents #85–92 December 1993 978-0-7851-0003-4
Wolverine: Prehistory Marvel Comics Presents #93–98; Wolverine (2003) #32; Logan: Path of the Warlord, Shadow Society; Wolverine: Agent of Atlas #1-3; First X-Men #1-5; Wolverine: Hunger; Wolverine (1988) -#1; Before The Fantastic Four: Ben Grimm & Logan #1-3; Wolverine/Cable; Wolverine: the Amazing Immortal Man & Other Bloody Tales, Wolverine (2010) #1000 February 2017 978-1-3029-0386-2
Wolverine: Typhoid's Kiss Marvel Comics Presents #109–116 May 1994 978-0-7851-0056-0
Wolverine Vs. the Marvel Universe Marvel Comics Presents #117–122; Captain America Annual #8; Daredevil (1964) #249; Spider-Man Vs. Wolverine, Incredible Hulk (1968) #340, Wolverine (1988) #134, Wolverine Vs. Thor #1-3, Marvel Universe Vs. Wolverine #1-4 March 2017 978-1-3029-0465-4

Other

Title Material collected Publication date ISBN
Wolverine Legends, Vol. 1: Hulk/Wolverine Hulk/Wolverine #1-4 March 2003
Wolverine Legends, Vol. 2: Meltdown Havok and Wolverine: Meltdown #1–4 March 2003 978-0785110484
Wolverine Legends, Vol. 3: Law of the Jungle Wolverine (Vol 2) #181-186 March 2003
Wolverine Legends, Vol. 4: Xisle Wolverine: Xisle #1–5 July 2003 978-0785112211
Wolverine Legends, Vol. 5: Snikt Wolverine: Snikt! #1–5 January 2004
Wolverine: Soultaker Wolverine: Soultaker #1–5 August 2005 978-0785115052
Wolverine: Origin Origin #1–6 March 2006
October 2006
SC: 978-0785137276
HC: 978-0785123286
Wolverine: Origin II Origin II #1–5 August 2014
April 2015
SC: 978-0785190325
HC: 978-0785184812
Wolverine: The End Wolverine: The End #1–6 May 2007 978-0-7851-1349-2
Wolverine: Dangerous Games Wolverine: Deathsong; Wolverine: Dangerous Games; Wolverine: Firebreak; Wolverine: Killing Made Simple; December 2008 978-0785134718
X-Men: Manifest Destiny Wolverine: Manifest Destiny #1-4; X-Men Manifest Destiny: Nightcrawler #1, and X-Men: Manifest Destiny #1-5 September 2009 9780785139515
X-Men: Wolverine/Gambit Wolverine/Gambit: Victims #1–4 June 2002
November 2009
SC: 978-0785108962
HC: 978-0785138020
Kitty Pryde and Wolverine Kitty Pryde and Wolverine #1–6 June 2008 0-7851-3089-6
Wolverine and Jubilee Wolverine and Jubilee #1-4 June 29, 2011 HC: ISBN 0785157751
SC: ISBN 978-0785157755
Wolverine: The Amazing Immortal Man and Other Bloody Tales Wolverine #900, #1000; Wolverine Annual (2007) #2; Rampaging Wolverine #1; Wolverine: The Amazing Immortal Man & Other Bloody Tales, Under The Boardwalk, Wendigo!, Carnibrawl, Savage, Mr. X, Dust From Above, Debt Of Death; Material From Wolverine: Switchback June 2018
Wolverine: Flies to a Spider Wolverine: Chop Shop; Wolverine: Switchback; Wolverine Holiday Special: Flies to a Spider; Wolverine: Dead Man's Hand August 2009 978-0785135692
Wolverine Noir Wolverine Noir #1–4 May 2010
November 2009
SC: 978-0785135470
HC: 978-0785139454
Elektra & Wolverine: The Redeemer Elektra & Wolverine: The Redeemer #1-3 May 2002
Hulk/Wolverine: 6 Hours Hulk/Wolverine: 6 Hours #1–4; The Incredible Hulk #181 May 2003 978-0785111573
Wolverine and Captain America Wolverine and Captain America #1-4, Wolverine #124 2004
Spider-Man Legends Vol 4: Spider-Man and Wolverine Spider-Man and Wolverine #1-4 March 2004
Astonishing Spider-Man & Wolverine Astonishing Spider-Man & Wolverine #1-6 November 2012

August 2011

SC:

HC:

Wolverine/Black Cat: Claws Wolverine/Black Cat: Claws #1–3 February 2010
February 2007
SC: 978-0785142850
HC: 978-0785118503
Wolverine/Black Cat: Claws 2 Wolverine/Black Cat: Claws 2 #1–3; Killraven (2001) #1 May 2012

November 2011

SC:

HC:

Wolverine/Hercules: Myths, Monsters & Mutants Wolverine/Hercules: Myths, Monsters & Mutants #1-4, material from Marvel Treasury Edition #26 August 2011
Wolverine & Nick Fury Wolverine/Nick Fury: The Scorpio Connection, Wolverine: Bloody Choices And Wolverine & Nick Fury: Scorpio Rising March 2012
Wolverine and Power Pack Wolverine and Power Pack #1-4 2009
Marvel Platinum: The Definitive Wolverine Origin #2; Marvel Comics Presents #79; Incredible Hulk #181;

Uncanny X-Men #109; Wolverine #1–4; Spider-Man vs. Wolverine #1; X-Men #25; Wolverine #75, #145

April 2009 978-1-84653-409-6
Wolverine: Logan Logan #1–3 April 2009
September 2008
SC: 978-0785134145
HC: 978-0785134251
Wolverine: Season One Wolverine: Season One OGN June 2013
Wolverine vs. Punisher Punisher War Journal #6-7, Wolverine/Punisher: Damaging Evidence #1-3, Punisher War Zone #19, Wolverine/Punisher: Revelation #1-4, Punisher #16-17, Wolverine #186, Wolverine/Punisher #1-5, Astonishing Tales: Wolverine/Punisher #1-6 April 2017
Wolverine: The Long Night Wolverine: The Long Night Adaptation #1-5 July 2019
Wolverine: The Daughter of Wolverine Material from Marvel Comics Presents (2019) #1-9 March 2020
Wolverine: Black, White and Blood Wolverine: Black, White and Blood #1-4 August 2021
Wolverine: Patch Wolverine: Patch #1-5 November 2022 9781302932060

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