Namora
Namora on the cover of Sub-Mariner Comics #27 (August 1948 Timely Comics).
Art by Bill Everett.
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceMarvel Mystery Comics #82 (May 1947)
Created byUnconfirmed writer
Ken Bald (penciller)
Bob Powell (cover artist)
In-story information
Alter egoAquaria Nautica Neptunia
SpeciesAtlantean / Human mutant hybrid
Place of originAtlantis
Team affiliationsMonster Hunters
Agents of Atlas
Renegades
"Avengers" (1959)
PartnershipsNamorita
Namor
Fin
Notable aliasesAvenging daughter
Sub-Mariner
Sea Queen[1]
Abilities
  • Superhuman strength, speed, agility, stamina, durability, and reflexes
  • Flight via wings on her ankles
  • Aquatic adaptation
  • Longevity

Namora (/nˈmɔːrə/) (Aquaria Nautica Neptunia) is a character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by artists Ken Bald and Syd Shores, the character first appeared in Marvel Mystery Comics #82 (May 1947). Namora is from Atlantis and is the daughter of an Atlantean father and a human mother.[2] She is the cousin of the antihero Namor the Sub-Mariner.[3]

Mabel Cadena portrays Namora in her live-action debut in the Marvel Cinematic Universe film Black Panther: Wakanda Forever (2022).

Publication history

Cover art for Marvel Mystery Comics #82.

Namora debuted in the 12-page comic story "The Coming of Namora!" published in Marvel Mystery Comics #82 (May 1947), pencilled by Ken Bald and inked by Syd Shores.[4] Namora also featured on the cover drawn by Bob Powell. Her costume was designed by Sub-Mariner creator Bill Everett.[5] Initially, she and Namor had no apparent familial relationship, and romantic interest was sometimes implied between the two.[6]

She had her own comic book series, Namora, which ran from August–December 1948.[7] While this title lasted three issues, she regularly appeared with Namor in Marvel Mystery Comics and also in Sub-Mariner until that series ended in 1955.[8]

The character was not seen again for 16 years until she made a brief flashback appearance in the Silver Age Sub-Mariner series, in Sub-Mariner #33 (January 1971). Her death was established in Sub-Mariner #50 (June 1972), where her frozen body is shown to Namor, and her death is depicted in flashback in #51 (July 1972).

Over the next 30 years, Namora appeared in a number of flashbacks and alternate reality stories, including What If? #9 (June 1978), The New Warriors Annual #1 (1991), What If? #47 (March 1993), The New Warriors #44 (February 1994), Avengers: Forever #4-5 (March–April 1999), and Marvel: The Lost Generation #3-2 (December 2000-January 2001).

Namora eventually reappears, alive, in the Agents of Atlas series, in issues #1-6 (October 2006-March 2007). She also appears in Incredible Hulk #107-112 (August–December 2007), Giant-Size Marvel Adventures: Avengers #1 (September 2007), World War Hulk #2 (September 2007), Spider-Man Family #4 (October 2007), and Incredible Hercules #121-122 (November–December 2008).

Namora received an entry in The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Golden Age 2004.

Fictional character biography

Namora is a character that originated in the Golden Age of Comic Books.[9] Her original name was Aquaria Nautica Neptunia, but she was nicknamed "Namora" in honor of her cousin Namor.[10] Like Namor, she is a hybrid mutant with superhuman strength and the power of flight by using the wings on her ankles. When her father was killed by treasure-hunting surface-dwellers, she fully changed her name to Namora, the Atlantean term for "Avenging Daughter", as Namor means "Avenging Son". She was Namor's cousin (though not by blood), and became his companion for a period of several years.

Namora was ultimately shown to have been fatally poisoned by the Lemurian terrorist Llyra.[11] She was survived by her clone, Namorita, whom she had passed off as her birth daughter because of Atlantian taboos against cloning. Marvel: The Lost Generation revealed that she had been a member of The Monster Hunters in 1956.

Agents of Atlas

Main article: Agents of Atlas

Cover art for Agents of Atlas #4.
Art by Tomm Coker.

Some time later, the Agents of Atlas find a damaged coffin, which appears to contain the mummified corpse of Namora.[12] Upon closer inspection, Marvel Boy disables a holographic display creating the corpse image, revealing a well-preserved, alive Namora inside the coffin. When awakened, Namora joins in a fight against underwater sea creatures and displays just how powerful she is, shown to be equal in power to her cousin Namor.[13]

Jimmy Woo offers her a spot, and Namora joins the Agents of Atlas, where she leads Venus to recover all memories of her past life as a siren, almost driving her mad in the process. It is then revealed by the enhanced bliss inducing powers of the naiad that Namora's innermost desire is to sleep with her cousin Namor.[14]

Eventually the team manages to reach the Yellow Claw, revealed as the mastermind behind the Atlas Foundation, and willing to give his leading role to Jimmy Woo. Woo accepts, and Namora, as the other Agents, are employed to travel the world in Marvel Boy's spaceship to shut down any rebellious cell still pursuing criminal objectives.[15]

At some point in her career as an Agent of Atlas she takes an extended leave, or leaves the role altogether, to join Amadeus Cho's group during the World War Hulk event.[16]

World War Hulk

Main article: World War Hulk

Angry over the death and subsequent vilification of her daughter at the onset of the superhero Civil War over government registration, Namora joins Amadeus Cho, Hercules and Angel to aid the Hulk.[16] During the crisis, Hercules ends up holding the entire locality of Manhattan on his shoulders.[volume & issue needed]

Amazon-Atlantean War

In the course of her membership in Cho's group, she shares a genuinely romantic kiss with Hercules.[17] Some time later, following the Secret Invasion, Hercules and Amadeus Cho vacation near an Atlantean city, and she and Hercules have a romantic fling. This is interrupted by an Amazon attack.[18] Namora aids Hercules in repelling the Amazons and rescuing Cho from their amorous and ultimately fatal attentions.[19]

Dark Reign

The Agents of Atlas decide to oppose Osborn's agenda by taking on the role of "supervillains", in order to form close ties to Osborn. After some time, the group becomes aware of Norman's Cabal to find out that a member of the group is none other than Namora's cousin, Namor. Upon finding this out, the Agents confront Namor for his involvement in the group. Initially at odds with each other for their recent decisions, Namora and Namor end up kissing and beginning a relationship.[15] Namora contemplates staying with Namor until it is revealed that it was Atlantean elders that plotted for them to start a relationship and mate a long time ago as human/Atlantean hybrids are so powerful. Namor and Namora decide to part ways as they were unsure how much of their feelings for each other were genuine and how much was due to the secret plotting of the elders.[20]

Infinity

During Infinity, Namora's Atlantean School is chosen as one of the institutions set to do battle in the new Contest of Champions. However, Atlantis is attacked and decimated by the forces of Thanos before the competition can begin. Namora sends a desperate plea for help to Hank Pym, but the kingdom is destroyed before action can be taken.[21]

Powers and abilities

Namora possesses superhuman strength, speed, agility, stamina, durability, and reflexes. She is nearly invulnerable as bullets and other missiles cannot penetrate her extremely tough skin. She can swim at superhuman speeds, breathe underwater, and is immune to the cold and pressures of the depths. She can also see better underwater than a normal human.

Reception

Critical response

Deirdre Kaye of Scary Mommy called Namora a "role model" and a "truly heroic" female character.[22] Charles Nichola Raymond of Screen Rant called Namora a "capable hero in her own right,"[23] while Philip Etemesi ranked her 2nd in their "Marvel's 10 Most Powerful Aquatic Characters" list.[24] Megan Nicole O'Brien of Comic Book Resources ranked Namora 2nd in their "Marvel: 10 Best Golden Age Heroines" list.[25] Comics Buyer's Guide ranked Namora 76th in their "100 Sexiest Women in Comics" list.[26]

Marvel Cinematic Universe

Nicole Drum of ComicBook.com called Namora a "fan favorite."[27]

Other versions

Exiles

An alternate version of Namora appears in Exiles #46, created by Tony Bedard and Mizuki Sakakibara, and is associated with the multiversal travelers called the Exiles. She is an alternate-Earth counterpart of Namor the Sub-Mariner, rather than of Aquaria Nautica Neptunia, the Earth-616 Namora. She is a mutant with superhuman strength and the power of flight by using the ankle wings on her feet. Unlike the Marvel Universe Namor and Namora, she has the blue skin of most Atlanteans.

In Namora's universe, she became an early ally of Charles Xavier who convinced her to not attack the surface world. She would later do so, after anti-mutant hysteria led to the imprisonment of most mutants. Namora killed all of her Earth's superheroes, having the most difficulty with the Fantastic Four, and she conquered the world and ruled it for decades, before becoming 'unhinged' in time and forced to join the Exiles, much to her chagrin. Having a haughty attitude, she acted like she was superior to the other members. Still, she has shown that she did care for them, as evidenced when she thought that Hyperion had killed Morph. She lashed out at Hyperion, breaking his neck. However, it was for naught. Hyperion recovered quickly and blasted Namora with his "flash vision", killing her. The Exiles later sent her body back to her home reality (Earth-2189) for burial.

Marvel Mangaverse

An alternate version of Namora appears in the Marvel Mangaverse series. In the story, "Eternity Twilight", Namora rescued Bruce Banner, who suffered temporary amnesia and have fallen for him not before Banner regained his memory involving the Hulk (a Godzilla-like beast accidentally summoned by Banner). Afterwards, Banner and Namora went back to the surface and helps Earth's heroes battle not only the Hulk, but also the demon-god Dormammu.

Marvel Her-oes

An alternate version of Namora appears as a teenager and is one of the main protagonists in the all-ages Marvel Her-oes series, written by Grace Randolph. She attends the same high school as Jennifer Walters and Janet van Dyne, and hides her Atlantean heritage by claiming to be an exchange student from Greece under the name of "Namora Aquarius."[28]

Ultimate Marvel

An alternate version of Namora appears in the Ultimatum storyline. Alongside Thing, Invisible Woman, and Dr. Arthur Molekevic, and a Tiger Shark, she fights Doctor Dorcas in Atlantis and defeats him.[29]

In other media

Film

Video games

Merchandise

References

  1. ^ Agents of Atlas #8
  2. ^ Craig, Jo (August 3, 2021). "Black Panther 2: Mabel Cadena Rumored to Be Playing Namora in Marvel Sequel". DualShockers.com. Retrieved 2023-07-26.
  3. ^ Zachary, Brandon (February 23, 2023). "Black Panther: Wakanda Forever Turns a Heroic Atlantean Into a Real Threat". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2022-12-27.
  4. ^ DeFalco, Tom; Sanderson, Peter; Brevoort, Tom; Teitelbaum, Michael; Wallace, Daniel; Darling, Andrew; Forbeck, Matt; Cowsill, Alan; Bray, Adam (2019). The Marvel Encyclopedia. DK Publishing. p. 252. ISBN 978-1-4654-7890-0.
  5. ^ Benton, Mike (1992). Superhero Comics of the Golden Age: The Illustrated History. Dallas: Taylor Publishing Company. p. 134. ISBN 0-87833-808-X. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  6. ^ Cronin, Brian (April 30, 2019). "When Did Namora Become Namor's Cousin?". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  7. ^ Lord-Moncrief, Devon (2022-11-27). "Who Is Black Panther's Namora?". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2022-12-27.
  8. ^ Markstein, Don. "Namora". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  9. ^ Sacks, Jason; Dallas, Keith (2014). American Comic Book Chronicles: The 1970s. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 49. ISBN 978-1605490564.
  10. ^ Rajput, Rohit. "Who is Namora? MCU fans can't keep calm over appearance of Namor's cousin in Black Panther: Wakanda Forever teaser". Sportskeeda. Retrieved 2022-12-27.
  11. ^ Sub-Mariner #50
  12. ^ Agents of Atlas #3
  13. ^ Agents of Atlas #4
  14. ^ Agents of Atlas #5
  15. ^ a b Agents of Atlas #6
  16. ^ a b The Incredible Hulk vol. 3 #107
  17. ^ The Incredible Hulk vol. 3 #111
  18. ^ The Incredible Hercules #121
  19. ^ The Incredible Hercules #124
  20. ^ Agents of Atlas #7
  21. ^ Infinity: The Hunt #1
  22. ^ Kaye, Deirdre (November 16, 2020). "Looking For A Role Model? These 195+ Marvel Female Characters Are Truly Heroic". Scary Mommy. Retrieved October 16, 2022.
  23. ^ Raymond, Charles Nicholas (June 26, 2021). "Why Black Panther: Wakanda Forever Could Introduce Two Atlantean Superheroes". Screen Rant. Retrieved 2023-07-26.
  24. ^ Etemesi, Philip (2022-11-17). "Marvel's 10 Most Powerful Aquatic Characters, Ranked". Screen Rant. Retrieved 2022-12-27.
  25. ^ O'Brien, Megan Nicole (November 8, 2020). "Marvel: 10 Best Golden Age Heroines, Ranked". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  26. ^ Frankenhoff, Brent (2011). Comics Buyer's Guide Presents: 100 Sexiest Women in Comics. Krause Publications. p. 49. ISBN 978-1-4402-2988-6.
  27. ^ Drum, Nicole (February 6, 2023). "Black Panther: Wakanda Forever Star Doesn't Know When Namora Will Return to the MCU (Exclusive)". ComicBook.com. Retrieved 2023-07-26.
  28. ^ "Marvel Hotline: Grace Randolph | Marvel Heroes | Comic News | News". Marvel.com. 2010-04-16. Retrieved 2010-12-26.
  29. ^ Ultimate Fantastic Four #60
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^ Damore, Maegan (December 2, 2022). "Piecing Together MARVEL Puzzle Quest: Namora (Origin)". Marvel.com. Retrieved 2023-10-05.
  33. ^