Marvel Cinematic Universe
File:Marvel Cinematic Universe - Phase One.jpg
Packaging for the Marvel Cinematic Universe – Phase One: Avengers Assembled
Blu-ray box set
Directed bySee below
Screenplay bySee below
Produced bySee below
StarringSee below
Production
company
Distributed byParamount Pictures (2008–2011)
Universal Pictures (2008)
Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures

(2012–present)
Release date
2008–present
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$1,200,000,000
Box office$5,012,757,314

The Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) is a film franchise and shared fictional universe that is the setting of superhero films independently produced by Marvel Studios, based on characters that appear in publications by Marvel Comics. The shared universe of the films, much like the Marvel Universe in comic books, was established by crossing over common plot elements, settings, cast, and characters.

The first film to be released in the Marvel Cinematic Universe was Iron Man (2008), followed by The Incredible Hulk (2008), Iron Man 2 (2010), Thor (2011), Captain America: The First Avenger (2011), Marvel's The Avengers (2012), Iron Man 3 (2013) and Thor: The Dark World (2013). Four additional films are in various stages of development as of October 2013: Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014) and Guardians of the Galaxy (2014) are in post-production, and Marvel's The Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015) and Ant-Man (2015) are in pre-production. Two untitled films are slated for release in 2016 as well as one in 2017.

The films within the Marvel Cinematic Universe have received both critical and commercial success, and the franchise as a whole ranks as the third highest-grossing film franchise of all time. Outside of feature films, the franchise has expanded into comic books, a series of short films called Marvel One-Shots, and the television series Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.

Films

Film U.S. release date Director(s) Screenwriter(s) Producer(s) Status

Phase One: Avengers Assembled

Iron Man May 2, 2008 (2008-05-02) Jon Favreau[1] Mark Fergus & Hawk Ostby and Art Marcum & Matt Holloway[1][2] Avi Arad and Kevin Feige Released
The Incredible Hulk June 13, 2008 (2008-06-13) Louis Leterrier[3] Zak Penn[4] Avi Arad, Gale Anne Hurd and Kevin Feige
Iron Man 2 May 7, 2010 (2010-05-07) Jon Favreau[5] Justin Theroux[6] Kevin Feige
Thor May 6, 2011 (2011-05-06) Kenneth Branagh[7] Story: J. Michael Straczynski and Mark Protosevich
Screenplay: Ashley Edward Miller & Zack Stentz and Don Payne
Captain America: The First Avenger July 22, 2011 (2011-07-22) Joe Johnston[8] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[9]
Marvel's The Avengers May 4, 2012 (2012-05-04) Joss Whedon[10] Story: Zak Penn and Joss Whedon
Screenplay: Joss Whedon[10]

Phase Two

Iron Man 3 May 3, 2013 (2013-05-03) Shane Black[11] Drew Pearce & Shane Black[11][12] Kevin Feige Released
Thor: The Dark World November 8, 2013 (2013-11-08)[13] Alan Taylor[14] Story: Don Payne and Robert Rodat
Screenplay: Christopher Yost and Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[15]
Captain America: The Winter Soldier April 4, 2014 (2014-04-04)[16] Joe and Anthony Russo[17] Christopher Markus & Stephen McFeely[18] Post-production
Guardians of the Galaxy August 1, 2014 (2014-08-01)[19] James Gunn[20] Story: Nicole Perlman and James Gunn
Screenplay: James Gunn[20]
Marvel's The Avengers: Age of Ultron May 1, 2015 (2015-05-01)[21] Joss Whedon[22] Joss Whedon Pre-production

Phase Three

Ant-Man July 31, 2015[23] Edgar Wright[24] Edgar Wright & Joe Cornish[24] Kevin Feige Pre-production

Development

"It is daunting but it's fun. It's never been done before and that's kind of the spirit everybody's taking it in. The other filmmakers aren't used to getting actors from other movies that other filmmakers have cast, certain plot lines that are connected or certain locations that are connected, but I think ... everyone was on board for it and thinks that it's fun. Primarily because we've always remained consistent saying that the movie that we are making comes first. All of the connective tissue, all of that stuff is fun and is going to be very important if you want it to be. If the fans want to look further and find connections, then they're there. There are a few big ones obviously, that hopefully the mainstream audience will able to follow as well. But ... the reason that all the filmmakers are on board is that their movies need to stand on their own. They need to have a fresh vision, a unique tone, and the fact that they can interconnect if you want to follow those breadcrumbs is a bonus."

Kevin Feige, President of Production for Marvel Studios, on constructing a shared film universe.[25]

In 2005, Variety reported that Marvel Studios would start independently producing its own films and distribute them through Paramount Pictures. Previously, the studio had co-produced several superhero films with Columbia Pictures, New Line Cinema and others, including a seven-year development deal with 20th Century Fox.[26] Marvel Studios made relatively little profit from its licensing deals with other studios and wanted to get more money out of its films while maintaining artistic control of the projects and distribution. To raise capital, the studio secured funding from a seven-year, $525 million revolving credit facility with Merrill Lynch.[27] Marvel's plan was to release individual films for their main characters and then merge them together in a crossover film.[28] Marvel Studios president Kevin Feige initially referred to the shared narrative continuity of these films as the "Marvel Cinema Universe",[29] but later used the term "Marvel Cinematic Universe".[30]

Iron Man (2008)

In April 2006, Marvel hired Jon Favreau to direct Iron Man,[1] with Arthur Marcum and Matt Holloway, and Mark Fergus and Hawk Ostby writing competing scripts.[1][31] Favreau consolidated the scripts, which was then polished by John August.[2] Robert Downey, Jr. was cast in the title role in September, after growing out a goatee and working out to convince the filmmakers he was right for the part.[32] Principal photography began on March 12, 2007,[33] with the first few weeks spent on Stark's captivity in Afghanistan,[34] which was filmed in Inyo County, California.[35] Production of Iron Man moved to Edwards Air Force Base in mid-April[36] before concluding at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas, Nevada on June 25, 2007.[37]

Iron Man premiered at the Greater Union theater in George Street, Sydney, on April 14, 2008.[38] The film ended with a post-credits scene featuring Samuel L. Jackson as Nick Fury. Favreau said that he included the scene as "a little tip of the hat for the fans [...] a way to sort of tee up The Avengers." Jackson was only on set for a day, with a skeletal crew to avoid the news of his cameo leaking.[39] Captain America's shield was also visible in the background of a scene; it had initially been inserted by an ILM artist as a joke, but Favreau decided to leave it in the film.[40]

The Incredible Hulk (2008)

In January 2006,[41] Marvel reclaimed the film rights for the Hulk character from Universal Pictures after Universal failed to meet a deadline to develop a sequel to 2003's Hulk (Universal retained distribution rights for the film).[42] Marvel hired Louis Leterrier, who expressed interest in directing Iron Man, to direct The Incredible Hulk.[3] The script was written by Zak Penn, who drafted a treatment for the 2003 film.[43] In April 2006, Edward Norton entered negotiations to portray Bruce Banner and rewrite Penn's script,[44] although Penn received sole credit for the screenplay.[4] Production began on July 9, 2007 and filming primarily took place in Toronto,[45] with an additional week in New York City and two weeks in Rio de Janeiro.[46]

Robert Downey, Jr. briefly reprised his role from Iron Man as Tony Stark in a cameo appearance at the end of the film. Downey described it as, "We were just cross-pollinating our superheroes. It happens to be a scene where I basically approach [actor William Hurt's character General Ross], and we may be considering going into some sort of limited partnership together. The great thing is he—and I don't want to give too much away—but he's in disrepair at the time I find him. It was really fun seeing him play this really powerful character who's half in the bag."[47] In addition, Captain America is briefly seen frozen in ice in an alternate opening of the film, included in the DVD release.[48]

Iron Man 2 (2010)

Immediately following the successful release of Iron Man in May 2008, Marvel Studios announced it was developing a sequel.[49] In July 2008, Jon Favreau, the director of the first film, signed on to direct it.[5] That same month, Justin Theroux was hired to write the screenplay, which would be based on an original story by Favreau and Downey.[6] In October 2008, Downey signed a new four-picture deal, that retroactively included the first film, to reprise his role.[50] Samuel L. Jackson signed on to reprise his role as Nick Fury from the Iron Man post-credits sequence in up to nine films,[51] and Scarlett Johansson was cast as the Black Widow, as part of a multi-film commitment.[52] Principal photography began April 6, 2009,[53] at the Pasadena Masonic Temple in Pasadena, California.[54] The majority of filming took place at Raleigh Studios in Manhattan Beach, California.[55] Other locations included Edwards Air Force Base,[56] Monaco,[57] and the Sepulveda Dam.[55]

The film continued to reference other Marvel films by again including Captain America's shield. Favreau explained, "We introduced Captain America's shield briefly in one shot in the last film. So now it really was in his room, so we had figure out how to deal with the reality that the shield was in his workshop."[40] A scene toward the end of Iron Man 2 in a S.H.I.E.L.D. safehouse also contains several Easter eggs, ranging from footage from The Incredible Hulk displayed on a monitor to pointers on a map indicating several locales related to other Marvel films, including one pointing toward a region of Africa in reference to the Black Panther.[58] The film again ended with a post-credits scene, this one showing the discovery of Thor's hammer in a crater.[59]

Thor (2011)

Mark Protosevich was hired to develop a script of Thor in April 2006, after the rights were acquired from Sony Pictures.[1] In August 2007, Marvel Studios signed Matthew Vaughn to direct the film.[60] Vaughn was released when his holding deal expired in May 2008, at which point Marvel set Protosevich to work on a new draft of the script.[61] In September of that year, Kenneth Branagh entered into negotiations to replace Vaughn.[7] In May 2009, Chris Hemsworth was in negotiations to portray the titular character,[62] and Tom Hiddleston was set to play his brother, Loki.[63] Both actors were contracted to star in several films.[64] Production began on January 11, 2010 in Los Angeles, California,[65] before moving to Galisteo, New Mexico on March 15, 2010.[66]

Clark Gregg, who appeared in Iron Man and Iron Man 2 as S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Phil Coulson, reprised the role in Thor. About his role in Thor he stated, "Agent Coulson was one of the guys who wasn't really in the comic books, and he [had] a very kind of small role in Iron Man. And I was just very lucky that they chose to expand that character and [chose] to put him more into the universe of it."[67] After signing on to appear as Hawkeye in The Avengers, Jeremy Renner made a cameo appearance as the character during a scene in Thor.[68] Branagh said that they "were always going to have a guy in a basket above the action where Thor breaks in the S.H.I.E.L.D. camp", and that he was thrilled when the producers told him they wanted to use Renner's Hawkeye for that role.[69] The film ends with a post-credits scene featuring Loki, watching as Erik Selvig and Nick Fury discuss a cosmic cube.[70] The scene was directed by Joss Whedon, who directed The Avengers.[71] Stellan Skarsgård, who played Selvig, said the scene was not included when he first read the screenplay for Thor, and that he was sent pages for the scene after agreeing to appear in The Avengers.[72]

Captain America: The First Avenger (2011)

In April 2006, Marvel hired David Self to write the script for Captain America: The First Avenger.[1] Joe Johnston signed on to direct in November 2008,[8] and hired Christopher Markus and Stephen McFeely to rewrite the script.[9] In March 2010, Chris Evans was cast as Captain America and Hugo Weaving was cast as the Red Skull.[73] Production began on June 28, 2010 in the United Kingdom,[74] with locations in London,[75] Caerwent,[76] Manchester and Liverpool.[77] The film premiered on July 19, 2011, at the El Capitan Theatre in Hollywood, California.[78]

The cosmic cube from the Thor post-credits scene (now referred to as the "Tesseract") appears as a macguffin in Captain America: The First Avenger.[79] In the film, Dominic Cooper portrayed a young Howard Stark, the father of Tony Stark,[80] who hosts an early version of the Stark Expo, the fair Tony hosts in Iron Man 2.[81] The final scene of the film includes a brief appearance by Samuel L. Jackson's Nick Fury followed by a teaser trailer for Marvel's The Avengers after the credits.[82]

Marvel's The Avengers (2012)

In June 2007, Zak Penn, who wrote The Incredible Hulk, was hired to write a script for The Avengers.[83] In April 2010, Joss Whedon closed a deal to direct the film, and to rework Penn's script.[10] Marvel announced that Edward Norton would not be reprising the role of Bruce Banner aka the Hulk,[84] and in July 2010, Mark Ruffalo was cast in his place.[85] In October 2010, The Walt Disney Company agreed to pay Paramount at least $115 million for the worldwide distribution rights to Iron Man 3 and The Avengers,[86] although the deal allowed Paramount to continue to collect a box office fee and receive credit for distribution.[87] Principal photography began in April 2011 in Albuquerque, New Mexico,[88] before moving to Cleveland, Ohio in August,[89] and New York City in September.[90]

Gwyneth Paltrow, who portrayed Pepper Potts in Iron Man and Iron Man 2, was cast at Robert Downey Jr.'s insistence. Prior to this, Whedon had not intended the film to include supporting characters from the heroes' individual films, commenting, "You need to separate the characters from their support systems in order to create the isolation you need for a team."[91] Sony Pictures and Disney discussed incorporating the OsCorp Tower from the The Amazing Spider-Man into the climax of The Avengers, but the idea was eventually dropped because The Avengers's Manhattan skyline had already been rendered before the OsCorp building design had been completed.[92] The supervillain Thanos appeared in a post-credits scene, portrayed by Damion Poitier.[93]

Iron Man 3 (2013)

In late 2010, Marvel and Disney scheduled Iron Man 3 for release on May 3, 2013.[94] In February 2011, Marvel hired Shane Black to direct Iron Man 3.[95] Black co-wrote the film's script with Drew Pearce.[11][12] Filming began in May 2012, in North Carolina.[96] Filming also took place in southern Florida,[97] China,[98] and Los Angeles.[99]

In the film Tony Stark experiences PTSD-like symptoms following the Battle of New York in The Avengers. Black explained, "that's an anxiety response to feeling inferior to The Avengers, but also to being humbled by sights he cannot possibly begin to understand or reconcile with the realities he's used to... There's a line in the movie about 'ever since that big guy with the hammer fell out of the sky, the rules have changed'. That's what we're dealing with here."[100] Mark Ruffalo also reprised his role as Dr. Bruce Banner in a post-credits scene. About the scene, Ruffalo said "They were about to wrap the movie and I saw Robert [Downey Jr.] at the Academy Awards... and he said, 'What do you think about coming and doing a day?' I said, 'Are you kidding me? Bang, lets do it!' We sort of spitballed that scene, then I came in and we shot for a couple of hours and laughed."[101]

Thor: The Dark World (2013)

A sequel to Thor was first announced in June 2011.[102] Alan Taylor signed on to direct the film in December 2011.[14] The film's title was announced as Thor: The Dark World at the July 2012 San Diego Comic-Con.[19] Production started in September 2012 in Bourne Wood, Surrey.[103] Filming also took place in Iceland and London.[104][105] The film premiered in London on October 22, 2013 and is scheduled to be released on October 30, 2013 in various international markets and on November 8, 2013 in the United States.[13]

Recurring cast and characters

Further information: List of Marvel Cinematic Universe cast members, Marvel One-Shots cast members, and Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. cast members

List indicator(s)

Character Released films Upcoming films
Iron Man The Incredible
Hulk
Iron Man 2 Thor Captain America:
The First Avenger
Marvel's
The Avengers
Iron Man 3 Thor:
The Dark World
Captain America:
The Winter Soldier
Guardians of the Galaxy Marvel's
The Avengers:
Age of Ultron
Bruce Banner
The Hulk
  Edward Norton[44]
Lou FerrignoV [106]
  Mark Ruffalo[85] Mark RuffaloC [101]   Mark Ruffalo[107]
Clint Barton
Hawkeye
  Jeremy RennerC [68]   Jeremy Renner[108]  
The Collector   Benicio del Toro[109]   Benicio del Toro[20]  
Phil Coulson Clark Gregg[110]   Clark Gregg[67]   Clark Gregg[108]  
Nick Fury Samuel L. JacksonC [39]   Samuel L. Jackson[51] Samuel L. JacksonC [111] Samuel L. Jackson[111]   Samuel L. Jackson[17]   Samuel L. Jackson[112]
Maria Hill   Cobie Smulders[113]   Cobie Smulders[114]  
JARVIS Paul BettanyV [115]   Paul BettanyV [115]   Paul BettanyV [115][116]  
Loki   Tom Hiddleston[63]   Tom Hiddleston[117]   Tom Hiddleston[118]  
Pepper Potts Gwyneth Paltrow[110]   Gwyneth Paltrow[119]   Gwyneth Paltrow[91][116]  
Steve Rogers
Captain America
  Chris Evans[73]   Chris Evans[16]   Chris Evans[120]
Natasha Romanoff
Black Widow
  Scarlett Johansson[52]   Scarlett Johansson[52]   Scarlett Johansson[121]   Scarlett Johansson[122]
Senator Stern   Garry Shandling[123]   Garry Shandling[124]  
Erik Selvig   Stellan Skarsgård[72]   Stellan Skarsgård[72]   Stellan Skarsgård[125]  
Jasper Sitwell   Maximiliano Hernández[126]   Maximiliano Hernández[126]   Maximiliano Hernández[126]  
Howard Stark Gerard Sanders   John Slattery[127]   Dominic Cooper[80]   Dominic Cooper[128]  
Tony Stark
Iron Man
Robert Downey, Jr.[32] Robert Downey, Jr.C [47] Robert Downey, Jr.[50]   Robert Downey, Jr.[50][116]   Robert Downey, Jr.[129]
Thor   Chris Hemsworth[62]   Chris Hemsworth[108]   Chris Hemsworth[14]   Chris Hemsworth[130]

Home media

In June 2012, Marvel announced the release of a 10-disc Blu-ray box set titled Marvel Cinematic Universe: Phase One – Avengers Assembled, for September 25, 2012. The box set includes the first six films of the Marvel Cinematic Universe—Iron Man, The Incredible Hulk, Iron Man 2, Thor, Captain America: The First Avenger, and Marvel's The Avengers—in a replica of Nick Fury's briefcase from The Avengers.[131] In August 2012, luggage company Rimowa GmbH, who developed the briefcase for The Avengers, filed suit against Marvel Studios and Buena Vista Home Entertainment in U.S. federal court, complaining that "Marvel did not obtain any license or authorization from Rimowa to make replica copies of the cases for any purpose".[132] The set was delayed and the packaging was redesigned for 2013.[133] The box set, with a redesigned case, was released on April 2, 2013. In addition, the box set included a featurette on the upcoming Phase Two movies, showing footage and concept art, as well as previously unreleased deleted scenes from all of the Phase One films.[134]

Other media

Comic books

Main article: Marvel Cinematic Universe tie-in comics

In November 2010, Marvel Comics editor-in-chief Joe Quesada outlined his plan to expand the MCU into comic books. He explained, "[F]or the uninitiated, the MCU [comics] are going to be stories set within movie continuity. [They are] not necessarily direct adaptations of the movies, but maybe something that happened off screen and was mentioned in the movie, and we'll tell that story. ... [T]he folks that are involved in the movies on the West Coast will be involved in these stories. It won't be like one of our comic book writers saw the movie and has an idea for a story. No, these stories are originating at the very top. [Marvel Studios chief] Kevin Feige is involved with these and in some cases maybe the writers of the movies would be involved in ... generating these ideas and then either just giving them to some of our writers or maybe some of these guys writing them themselves."[135]

Short films

Main article: Marvel One-Shots

In August 2011, Marvel announced a series of direct-to-video short films called Marvel One-Shots. The first short film, The Consultant, is included with the Thor Blu-ray release, which was released on September 13, 2011. A second, A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to Thor's Hammer, was released on the Captain America: The First Avenger Blu-ray on October 25, 2011. Both films star Clark Gregg as Phil Coulson, offering up two self-contained stories about the day in the life of a S.H.I.E.L.D. agent.[136] A third film, titled Item 47, was released with Marvel's The Avengers Blu-ray on September 25, 2012.[137] A fourth film, titled Agent Carter starring Hayley Atwell as Peggy Carter, will be released with the Iron Man 3 Blu-ray release on September 24, 2013.[138]

Television

Main article: Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.

In December 2010, it was reported that Twilight screenwriter Melissa Rosenberg was developing a series originally for ABC titled AKA Jessica Jones, based on the comic book series Alias created by Brian Michael Bendis.[139] In November 2011, Rosenberg stated that the TV show would center on Jessica Jones and would have principal parts for Luke Cage and Carol Danvers. She also confirmed that the TV series would absolutely take place in the larger "cinematic" Marvel Universe and Tony Stark and Stark Industries were in the pilot script but admitted, "As we go along things will alter in terms of what is made available to us, but we're definitely in that universe. We are in no way denying that that universe exists. And as much as I can I'm going to pull everything in from there that I can use".[140] In May 2012, ABC president Paul Lee stated the network has passed on the series.[141]

In July 2012, it was reported that Marvel's TV division had again entered into discussions with ABC to do a show set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe,[142] and in August, ABC ordered a pilot for a show called S.H.I.E.L.D., to be written by Joss Whedon, Jed Whedon, and Maurissa Tancharoen, and directed by Joss Whedon.[143] Clark Gregg reprises his role from the films as Phil Coulson in the series.[144] On April 6, 2013 ABC announced that the show would be titled Marvel's Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D.[145] and was officially ordered to series on May 10, 2013.[146] The series premiered on September 24, 2013.[147]

In September 2013, Deadline reported that Marvel was developing a series inspired by the Agent Carter One-Shot, featuring Peggy Carter. The report stated that the series was looking for a writer, and was one of several series in development at Marvel.[148] Actress Hayley Atwell, who portrayed Carter in the two Captain America films and the Agent Carter short film, expressed interest in returning as the character.[149] In October 2013, Deadline also reported that Marvel was preparing four drama series and a miniseries, totaling 60 episodes, to present to video on demand services and cable providers, with Netflix, Amazon and WGN America expressing interest.[150]

Reception

Box office performance

Film U.S. release date Revenue Rank Budget Reference
United States International Worldwide All time domestic All time worldwide
Iron Man May 2, 2008 $318,412,101 $266,762,121 $585,174,222 #30 #80 $140,000,000 [151]
The Incredible Hulk June 13, 2008 $134,806,913 $128,620,638 $263,427,551 #296 #340 $150,000,000 [152]
Iron Man 2 May 7, 2010 $312,433,331 $311,500,000 $623,933,331 #34 #67 $200,000,000 [153]
Thor May 6, 2011 $181,030,624 $268,295,994 $449,326,618 #156 #132 $150,000,000 [154]
Captain America: The First Avenger July 22, 2011 $176,654,505 $191,953,858 $368,608,363 #169 #188 $140,000,000 [155]
Marvel's The Avengers May 4, 2012 $623,357,910 $888,400,000 $1,511,757,910 #3 #3 $220,000,000 [156]
Iron Man 3 May 3, 2013 $403,157,804 $804,600,000 $1,207,757,804 #15 #5 $200,000,000 [157]
Total $2,149,853,188 $2,860,132,611 $5,009,985,799 #3 $1,200,000,000

Critical reaction

Film Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic
Iron Man 93% (243 reviews)[158] 79 (38 reviews)[159]
The Incredible Hulk 67% (218 reviews)[160] 61 (38 reviews)[161]
Iron Man 2 73% (275 reviews)[162] 57 (40 reviews)[163]
Thor 77% (261 reviews)[164] 57 (40 reviews)[165]
Captain America: The First Avenger 79% (220 reviews)[166] 66 (36 reviews)[167]
Marvel's The Avengers 92% (301 reviews)[168] 69 (43 reviews)[169]
Iron Man 3 79% (275 reviews)[170] 62 (44 reviews)[171]
Thor: The Dark World 86% (14 reviews)[172] 56 (6 reviews)[173]
Average ratings 80% 65

Future

Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014)

Main article: Captain America: The Winter Soldier

A sequel to 2011's Captain America: The First Avenger was announced in April 2012, with a release date of April 4, 2014.[16] Joe and Anthony Russo were hired to direct in June 2012,[17] and in July 2012 it was officially titled Captain America: The Winter Soldier.[19] Chris Evans and Samuel L. Jackson are set to reprise their respective roles as Captain America and Nick Fury,[17] and Scarlett Johansson will again play the Black Widow.[121] Production started in April 2013 in Manhattan Beach, and filming took place in Washington, D.C. and Cleveland, Ohio.[174][175]

Guardians of the Galaxy (2014)

Main article: Guardians of the Galaxy (film)

Marvel Studios announced it was developing a Guardians of the Galaxy film in July 2012, with a release date of August 1, 2014.[19] The film is to be directed by James Gunn, based on his screenplay, and story written by Nicole Perlman and Gunn.[20] In August 2012, Chris McCoy was hired to rewrite the screenplay.[176] However, he did not receive production credit in the initial press release released in July 2013.[20] In February 2013, Chris Pratt was cast in the lead role, as Star-Lord.[177] The film was shot at Shepperton Studios and in London from July to October 2013.[178]

Marvel's The Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015)

Main article: The Avengers: Age of Ultron

A sequel to The Avengers was announced by Disney in May 2012, shortly after the first film's release.[179] It is set for release on May 1, 2015.[21] In August 2012, Joss Whedon was signed to return as writer and director.[22] In June 2013, Robert Downey, Jr. signed a deal to reprise the role of Tony Stark for the second and third films.[129] On July 20, 2013, at San Diego Comic-Con International, Whedon announced that the title of the film would be Marvel's The Avengers: Age of Ultron.[180]

Ant-Man (2015)

Main article: Ant-Man (film)

Ant-Man is to be directed by Edgar Wright with a script written by Wright and Joe Cornish, who plan to include Henry Pym and Scott Lang as major characters.[24] Test footage for the film was screened at the 2012 San Diego Comic-Con International during the Marvel Studios panel.[19] It is set for release on July 31, 2015,[23] and Feige confirmed that it will be the first film in Phase Three of the Marvel Cinematic Universe.[181] On July 12, 2013, Wright announced that the script for the film is complete.[182] Pre-production started in October 2013,[183] and Wright stated in August 2013 that filming would begin in 2014.[184] Joseph Gordon-Levitt and Paul Rudd are the front-runners being considered for the lead role.[185]

Potential projects

Marvel has hired screenwriters for a number of other properties: in April 2006, Andrew W. Marlowe was hired to write a script for Nick Fury,[1] Thomas Dean Donnelly and Joshua Oppenheimer were hired to write a screenplay for Doctor Strange in June 2010,[186] and in January 2011, Marvel hired documentary filmmaker Mark Bailey to write a script for Black Panther.[187] Marvel has also attempted to hire a team of writers to help come up with creative ways to produce film adaptations of some of its lesser-known properties, including Black Panther, Cable, Iron Fist, Nighthawk, and Vision,[188] and in April 2010, Marvel began meeting with filmmakers to discuss small-scale, $20–40 million movies based on these lesser-known characters and others. Properties including Doctor Strange, Ka-Zar, Luke Cage, Dazzler, and Power Pack are among those being considered for development.[189] In March 2012, Kevin Feige mentioned the Inhumans as being a property he was confident a movie would be made out of, along with Doctor Strange and Guardians of the Galaxy.[190] A sequel to 2008's The Incredible Hulk has also been discussed, with Marvel Studios having suggested a possible release after 2015's The Avengers: Age of Ultron due to the positive audience reception towards Mark Ruffalo's portrayal of Bruce Banner in The Avengers.[191] Ruffalo is set to reprise his role in any future adaptation of the character.[85] In January 2013, Kevin Feige confirmed that Doctor Strange would be a part of their Phase Three slate of movies[192] and in May 2013, Feige confirmed that Marvel Studios is planning to release a Doctor Strange feature film.[193] At Entertainment Weekly's CapeTown Film Fest in 2013, Feige stated that Marvel was planning to release a female superhero film.[194] In May 2013, The Hollywood Reporter reported that, in addition to the planned Doctor Strange film, Iron Fist, Black Panther and The Runaways are "on the horizon", and Marvel has working scripts for Blade and Ms. Marvel.[195] In June 2013, Disney and Marvel Studios set three untitled Marvel films for May 6, 2016, July 8, 2016 and May 5, 2017.[196][197] In July 2013, Feige stated that any official announcements regarding future projects would not be made until mid-2014 at the earliest.[198] In October 2013, Ben Kingsley revealed he was working on secret project with Marvel, only saying "I was with many members of the crew that were involved in Iron Man 3."[199] In a interview with Bleeding Cool, Feige revealed that are plans for the untitled films. [200]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g McClintock, Pamela (April 27, 2006). "Marvel Making Deals for Title Wave". Variety. Archived from the original on May 1, 2011. Retrieved March 1, 2008. ((cite news)): Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (|url-status= suggested) (help)
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