Peter Parker
Marvel Cinematic Universe character
Tom Holland as Peter Parker / Spider-Man in Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019)
First appearance
Based on
Adapted by
  • Christopher Markus
  • Stephen McFeely
Portrayed by
Voiced byHudson Thames (What If...?)
In-universe information
  • Spider-Man
  • Night Monkey
  • Peter-One
Significant otherMichelle "MJ" Jones-Watson
OriginForest Hills, Queens, New York, United States

Peter Benjamin Parker is a fictional character primarily portrayed by Tom Holland in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) media franchise—based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name. Parker is initially depicted as a high school student at Midtown School of Science and Technology who received spider-like and superhuman abilities after being bitten by a radioactive spider and operates as a vigilante in New York City known as Spider-Man. Parker is recruited by Tony Stark, who goes on to mentor him and inducts him into the Avengers during the battle against Thanos. Following the Blip, Parker's secret identity becomes public, and the events that transpire after he enlists Stephen Strange's help to reverse this causes the multiverse to open allowing several villains and heroes from alternate realities to enter with one of the villains ultimately killing his aunt. Strange and Parker eventually resolve the crisis by casting a new spell that permanently erases the world's shared knowledge of his civilian persona, including the bonds he once shared with his loved ones, friends, and other superhero allies while sending multiversal individuals back to their native reality.

Holland's version of the character is the successor to the Peter Parker played by Tobey Maguire in the Sam Raimi trilogy (2002–2007) and the Peter Parker of The Amazing Spider-Man duology (2012–2014) played by Andrew Garfield, both of whom reprise their roles, join the MCU multiverse, and appear alongside Holland in Spider-Man: No Way Home (2021). To distinguish himself from the other versions, he is nicknamed "Peter-One".

As of 2022, Parker is one of the central figures of the MCU, having appeared in six films. He will return in the fourth Spider-Man film currently in development as well as star in Spider-Man: Freshman Year, an animated series that explores the character's origin story, serving as a prequel to his first appearance in Captain America: Civil War (2016). He also made a cameo appearance in the Sony's Spider-Man Universe film Venom: Let There Be Carnage (2021). An alternate version of Parker appears in the animated series What If...? (2021), voiced by Hudson Thames. In Iron Man 2 (2010), director Jon Favreau's son Max appears as a child wearing an Iron Man mask who is saved by Tony Stark and in 2017, it was confirmed that this was retroactively the introduction of a young Parker.[3][4] Holland's portrayal of the character has been well received and he has earned a number of accolades for his performance.

Concept and creation

Holland at the 2016 San Diego Comic-Con
Holland at the 2016 San Diego Comic-Con

Peter Parker first premiered as a comic book character in the anthology comic book Amazing Fantasy #15 (August 1962). Following a surge in teenage demand for comic books, Marvel Comics editor and head writer Stan Lee wanted to create a character with whom teens could identify.[5]: 1  Lee cited pulp magazine crime fighter the Spider as an influence,[6]: 130  and stated that he was further inspired by seeing a spider climb up a wall—adding in his autobiography that he has told that story so often he has become unsure of whether or not this is true.[6] Lee "wanted the character to be a very human guy, someone who makes mistakes, who worries, who gets acne, has trouble with his girlfriend, things like that".[7] Jack Kirby, meanwhile, had an unpublished character on which he had collaborated with Joe Simon in the 1950s, in which an orphaned boy living with an old couple finds a magic ring that granted him superhuman powers. Lee and Kirby had a story conference, and Lee directed Kirby to flesh out the character and draw some pages.[8]: 12  Unsatisfied with Kirby's story direction, Lee turned the project over to Steve Ditko, who designed the character with a costume with a face mask, a clinging power, and wrist-fired webs.[9] Under Lee's direction, the character "became high-school student Peter Parker, who gets his spider powers after being bitten by a radioactive spider".[10]

A tokusatsu (live-action) series featuring an original character named Takuya Yamashiro assuming the mantle of Spider-Man, "Supaidā-Man" was produced by Toei and aired in Japan from 1978 to 1979.[11] The character was featured in a trilogy of live-action films directed by Sam Raimi and starring Tobey Maguire as the titular superhero, with installments released from 2002 to 2007. A third sequel was originally scheduled to be released in 2011, but Sony later decided to reboot the franchise with a new director and cast. The reboot, titled The Amazing Spider-Man, was released in 2012; directed by Marc Webb and starring Andrew Garfield as the new Spider-Man,[12][13][14] followed by a sequel in 2014.[15][16]

Following the November 2014 hacking of Sony Pictures' computers, emails between Sony Pictures Entertainment co-chairman Amy Pascal and president Doug Belgrad were released stating that Marvel wanted to include Spider-Man (whose film rights are licensed to Sony) in Captain America: Civil War, but talks between the studios concerning this were believed to have broken down.[17] However, in February 2015, the studios reached a licensing deal for the use of Spider-Man in an MCU film,[18] and reports indicated that the character would indeed appear in Civil War.[19][20] According to the deal, Sony Pictures would continue to own, finance, distribute, and exercise final creative control over the Spider-Man films.[18] The next month, Marvel Entertainment CCO Joe Quesada indicated that the Peter Parker version of the character would be used,[21] which Feige confirmed in April.[22] Feige also stated that Marvel had been working to add Spider-Man to the MCU since at least October 2014.[23] The following June, Feige clarified that the initial Sony deal does not allow the character to appear in any of the MCU television series, as it was "very specific... with a certain amount of back and forth allowed."[24] The same month, the companies announced that after many auditions, Tom Holland had been cast to play Spider-Man within the MCU. Tom Holland made his debut as Spider-Man in Civil War, before later starring in Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017); directed by Jon Watts.[25][26] Holland reprised his role as Spider-Man in Avengers: Infinity War (2018),[27][28] Avengers: Endgame (2019)[29] and Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019).[30]

In August 2019, negotiations between Sony and Marvel broke down, leaving the character's future in the MCU uncertain. The following month, however, the companies agreed to a new deal to have Spider-Man return to the MCU, beginning with Spider-Man: No Way Home, to be released on December 17, 2021. Disney will provide 25% of the film's budget and receive 25% of its profit. The new deal also allows the Spider-Man character to appear in both Marvel Studios' MCU films in addition to the standalone Marvel-character films produced by Sony Pictures for the Sony's Spider-Man Universe media franchise to bridge both film series.[31] Holland has stated the upcoming film is the last film on his current deal to play the character.[32] Furthermore, in an interview with GQ published on November 17, 2021, Holland stated he was considering his future as Spider-Man stating he felt it might be good time for him to step down from the role suggesting he would be doing something wrong if he was still playing the role into his 30s. Holland in the same interview also advocated replacing his Peter Parker with a live action-version of Miles Morales - a character never previously seen on screen in a live action Spider-Man film and whose only feature film appearance to date was as the lead character in the Academy Award-winning animated film Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse (2018).[33]


Tom Holland first appears as Peter Parker in the MCU in Captain America: Civil War, where he is recruited by Tony Stark to help him arrest Captain America and his rogue Avengers. Producer Kevin Feige said that Parker would be torn between superhero ideologies, saying, "Does he want to be like these other characters? Does he want nothing to do with these other characters? How does that impact his experience, being this grounded but super powerful hero? Those are all the things that Stan Lee and Steve Ditko played with in the first 10 years of his comics, and that now we can play with for the first time in a movie."[34] On aligning with Tony Stark, Anthony Russo said that, despite entering the conflict after the two factions have formed and not having much political investment, Parker's choice comes from "a very personal relationship" he develops with Stark.[35][36] The Russos hoped "to take a very logical and realistic and naturalistic approach to the character" compared to the previous film portrayals. Anthony Russo added that the character's introduction had to fit "that specific tonal stylistic world" of the MCU, as well as the tone established by the directors in Winter Soldier, saying, "It's a little more grounded and a little more hard-core contemporary." That was "coloring our choices a lot" with Parker.[37] On the Spider-Man suit, Joe Russo described it as "a slightly more traditional, Steve Ditko influenced suit," and that the film would explore the way the suit operates, particularly the mechanical eyes.[38]

The MCU depiction of Peter Parker omits explicit reference to Uncle Ben, whose death was a significant event both in the comic books and in previous film series.[39] The one exception is "What If... Zombies?!", where and when Parker mentions everyone who has died in his life in the episode's timeline.

Another change is Parker's close paternal relationship with Stark. This was partially adapted from J. Michael Straczynski's run on The Amazing Spider-Man (from #519 to #536), the first five issues of the limited series Civil War and the Ultimate Comics where Stark and Parker share a trainer-trainee relationship. Some critics disliked Parker's reliance on Stark, as opposed to previous cinematic portrayals of Spider-Man showing the character as more self-reliant; several of Parker's proper Spider-Man suits in the MCU are also designed by Stark, or built by Parker with Stark Industries technology, whereas in the comics Parker designed and constructed his suits entirely by himself.[40]

Peter's relationships with Mary Jane Watson or Gwen Stacy do not exist in the MCU, instead he falls in love with Michelle, a fellow school student after his previous crush, Liz, moved away.


Further information: Captain America: Civil War, Spider-Man: Homecoming, Avengers: Infinity War, Avengers: Endgame, Spider-Man: Far From Home, What If...? (TV series), and Spider-Man: Freshman Year

Fictional character biography

Early life

Further information: Iron Man 2

Peter Parker was born on August 10, 2001, in Forest Hills, Queens.[N 1] For the majority of his life, he was raised by his uncle, Ben Parker, and his aunt, May Parker, after his parents died. In 2011, at the Stark Expo, Parker was attacked by a Hammer drone, but was saved by Iron Man. While attending high school at the Midtown School of Science and Technology, Parker is bitten by a radioactive spider, giving him superhuman abilities.

Avengers Civil War and facing the Vulture

Further information: Captain America: Civil War and Spider-Man: Homecoming

In 2016, Parker is living with May in Queens, New York. He meets Tony Stark at his apartment, who reveals that he knows Parker is Spider-Man, and recruits him to join his conflict with Steve Rogers. Having been sent to Germany, Parker is given a new Spider-Man suit designed by Stark and is brought to the Leipzig/Halle airport to aid Stark, James Rhodes, Natasha Romanoff, T'Challa, and Vision in the fight against Rogers, Bucky Barnes, Sam Wilson, Wanda Maximoff, Clint Barton, and Scott Lang. Despite being on apposing sides, Parker is a fan of Rogers, who himself respects Parker's bravery, and upon facing each other, they exchange where in New York they both are from. Parker briefly incapacitates Barnes and Wilson before battling Lang in his giant form and is eventually able to help trip him over. After the fight has ended, Stark takes him back home.

Two months later, Parker continues to balance his life as a high school student, while performing his duties as the superhero Spider-Man, also eagerly awaiting his next mission from Stark, who previously told him he was not ready yet to become an official Avenger and continuously texts Stark's driver and bodyguard Happy Hogan, (who had been assigned by Stark as a point of contact for Parker) updating him on his daily tasks which the latter ignores out of annoyance. One night, Parker returns home to find his best friend Ned Leeds in his room who finds out his superhero identity. Leeds promises not to tell anyone. Later, Parker and Leeds attend a school party, but Parker promptly leaves and saves Aaron Davis when he attempts to purchase Chitauri weapons from Jackson Brice and Herman Schultz, allowing the dealers to flee, but Parker follows them before being caught by their boss Adrian Toomes. Toomes drops Parker into a lake, and Parker is then saved by one of Stark's suits, who is monitoring Parker through the suit and warns him against further involvement. On an academic decathlon trip to Washington, D.C., Parker and Leeds disable Stark's tracker within Parker's suit. After returning to New York, Parker captures Toomes' new buyer Mac Gargan aboard the Staten Island Ferry, but Toomes escapes and a malfunctioning weapon tears the ferry in half. Parker is unable to fix the ferry, but is assisted by Stark who arrives and saves the passengers. Afterwards, Parker's suit is confiscated by Stark as punishment for his recklessness. Later, Parker discovers that Toomes is the father of his high school crush, Liz. During the ride to the school homecoming dance that Parker and Liz prepared to attend together, Toomes deduces Parker is Spider-Man. After dropping Liz off at the dance, Toomes threatens Parker to not interfere with his plans. Despite Toomes' warning, Parker abandons Liz to find Toomes, although he is ambushed by Schultz in the school's parking lot. With Leeds's assistance, Parker defeats Schultz and locates Toomes, who has planned to hijack a Damage Control plane transporting weapons to the Avengers. After Toomes' damaged suit explodes, Parker saves Toomes and leaves him to be arrested. Liz is angry with Parker for once again abandoning her, and tearfully informs him that she and her mother will be moving away. Parker later receives a text from Happy, who is at the school, where he apologizes for not taking Parker seriously and thanks him for saving his job. He then takes Parker to the Avengers Compound. There, Stark congratulates Parker and apologizes for not trusting him. Stark offers Parker a place in the Avengers, however, he declines. After returning home, Parker finds out that Stark returned his suit and is caught by May while wearing it.

Infinity War and resurrection

Further information: Avengers: Infinity War and Avengers: Endgame

In 2018, while headed on a field trip, Parker sees a spaceship above New York City and asks Leeds to cover for him as he leaves the school bus. He helps Stark fend off Cull Obsidian, who tells him to help Stephen Strange, who is captured by Ebony Maw. Parker follows Maw to his spaceship, prompting Stark to fly into space and rescue Parker. He and Stark rescue Strange and kill Maw, and Stark declares Parker an Avenger. After landing on the planet Titan, they are confronted by Peter Quill, Drax, and Mantis, before realizing they are on the same side. To their surprise, Strange witnesses 14,000,605 possible outcomes of the heroes' conflict, in only one of which the heroes are victorious. After Thanos arrives, Parker helps to subdue him, but their plan to remove the Infinity Gauntlet from him is sabotaged by Quill, who attacks Thanos in a rage for killing Gamora. After Thanos throws one of Titan's moons at them, Parker rescues an unconscious Mantis, Quill, Drax, and Nebula. Unsuccessful at stopping Thanos from collecting all of the Infinity Stones, Thanos succeeds in erasing half of all life in the universe, resulting in Parker disintegrating.

In 2023, Parker is restored to life by Bruce Banner and is brought by Strange via a portal to the destroyed Avengers Compound to join the final battle against an alternate Thanos. During the battle, Parker fights Outriders and carries the Stark Gauntlet before giving it to Carol Danvers. After Stark sacrifices himself to win the battle, Parker attends his funeral and returns to high school.

School vacation

Further information: Spider-Man: Far From Home

In 2024, Parker, still mourning Stark's death, attends a school summer trip to Europe with Leeds and other classmates, in which he plans to reveal his romantic feelings towards his classmate MJ. During the trip, Parker and his classmates encounter a water monster in Venice, who is defeated by an unknown man named Quentin Beck. Parker is approached by Nick Fury to assist in the battle against the Elementals and appoints Beck as Parker's teammate to defeat them. Fury also gives Parker E.D.I.T.H., an artificial intelligence created by Stark originally for his successor. Parker and Beck defeat the remaining Elementals in Prague. After Beck earns Parker's trust, Parker hands over E.D.I.T.H. to Beck. However, one night, as Parker attempts to confess his romantic feelings to MJ, she guesses that Parker is Spider-Man, an accusation he denies at first, until the two discover Beck's fraudulence in using hologram projectors to visually create the Elementals, at which point Parker confirms to MJ that he is Spider-Man. Beck reveals that he was a former associate of Stark who was fired for being unstable. Parker travels to Berlin to warn Fury about Beck's fraudulence, only to be tricked by Beck, using his illusion technology.

Parker is left for dead by Beck and ends up in the Netherlands, where he contacts Happy Hogan. Beck uses E.D.I.T.H. to create a fusion of all the Elementals as a cover to kill Parker's classmates in London. Eventually, Parker defeats Beck and retrieves E.D.I.T.H. Beck is accidentally fatally shot by drones that he had intended to use to attack Parker. After returning to New York, Parker begins his relationship with MJ. After swinging with her through the city, they witness a broadcast from J. Jonah Jameson of, showing doctored footage of Parker and Beck's battle, framing Parker for the drone attack leading to Beck's death, and exposing Parker's identity as Spider-Man, much to Parker's shock.

Exposed secret identity and multiversal crisis

Further information: Spider-Man: No Way Home

Following the revelation of his secret identity, Parker's life becomes upended by legal troubles, constant surveillance of he and loved ones' private lives, and a widespread cult of personality around Beck. All charges against him are dropped with lawyer Matt Murdock's help, but the public's opinion remains controversial and his life is routinely vilified by Jameson and Beck's followers, costing him, MJ, and Ned's admission to MIT. Parker seeks help from Stephen Strange, asking him to cast a spell to have everyone forget the revelation of his identity. However, when Strange begins casting the spell, Parker requests alterations to ensure that his loved ones still remember, causing the spell to go wrong, which breaks the multiverse apart. After Parker leaves for the Alexander Hamilton Bridge to convince an MIT administrator to let MJ and Ned in, he is attacked by Otto Octavius, a scientist from an alternate reality. Parker manages to capture Octavius but is confronted by the Green Goblin from Octavius' reality before Strange returns them to the Sanctum Santorum and imprisons Octavius.

Strange, who also captured Curt Connors from yet another reality, explains to Parker that his tampering with the spell caused people from other universes that knew Peter Parker is Spider-Man to arrive in their's, and orders Parker to find and capture the other "visitors". Parker finds and captures Flint Marko and Max Dillon, and encounters the Goblin's alter ego, Norman Osborn, at a F.E.A.S.T. shelter with May. After an argument with Strange regarding the fate of the villains, Parker traps Strange in the Mirror Dimension. He then works to cure the five villains and successfully cures Octavius. Despite this, Osborn's Goblin persona manifests, freeing Dillon from his cure and battling with Parker in Hogan's apartment. Osborn then rams May with his glider before throwing a pumpkin bomb at her and Parker. May subsequently dies in Parker's arms, but not before she tells him that "with great power, there must also come great responsibility". Hogan, arriving at the wreckage, gets arrested, allowing Parker the chance to escape.

Parker sits on his school's rooftop, mourning over the loss of his aunt but is comforted by MJ and Ned, who brought two alternative versions of himself: an older version who fought Osborn, Octavius, and Marko (nicknamed "Peter-Two"), and a version who fought Connors and Dillon (nicknamed "Peter-Three"). Together, the Spider-Men create cures to return the villains to their human forms and they lure Marko, Connors, and Dillon to the Statue of Liberty and subsequently cure them. After Strange is freed by Ned, Osborn attacks them, destroying the box with the contained spell and causing the barriers between universes to break. An enraged Parker fights and nearly kills Osborn, but is stopped by Peter-Two. Osborn then stabs Peter-Two, but is cured of his crazed persona by Parker and Peter-Three. Parker figures out that the only way to seal the universal barriers is to have Strange cast a spell where everyone would forget who he is, which he begins to do. Parker bids farewell to his alternate selves and promises MJ and Ned that he will return to them.

Two weeks later, Parker attempts to reintroduce himself to MJ and Ned, but decides not to, wanting to keep them safe. While mourning at May's grave, he has a conversation with an unaware Hogan and is inspired to carry on without anyone remembering his name or identity. He moves to a new apartment, and having dropped out of high school due to everyone's erasure of him from their memory begins studying to get his GED, and makes a new suit to resume his super-heroics.

Alternate versions

What If...?

See also: What If...? (TV series)

An alternate version of Peter Parker appears in the animated series What If...?, in which he is voiced by Hudson Thames.

Zombie outbreak

Further information: What If... Zombies?!

In an alternate 2018, Parker (marketed as Zombie Hunter Spider-Man[51]) is among the survivors of a quantum virus outbreak which transforms the infected into zombies, and joins the other survivors in search of a cure at Camp Lehigh. After a fight with a zombified Wanda Maximoff, he escapes with T'Challa and Scott Lang, taking the Mind Stone to Wakanda to put an end to the virus, unaware that a zombified Thanos was waiting for them.

Spider-Man: No Way Home

See also: Spider-Man: No Way Home

Two alternate versions of Peter Parker, each originating from previous Sony's Spider-Man franchises, appear in the film Spider-Man: No Way Home, having been brought into the MCU from their respective universes by Doctor Strange's malfunctioned spell.


Main article: Peter Parker (Sam Raimi)

See also: Spider-Man (2002 film), Spider-Man 2, and Spider-Man 3

Further information: Spider-Man: No Way Home

Years following the events of Spider-Man 3 (2007), Peter Parker's (portrayed by Tobey Maguire) relationship with Mary Jane "MJ" Watson had become complicated but eventually worked out. Due to Strange's malfunctioned spell, Parker was brought into the MCU and subsequently begins searching for that universe's Parker. After meeting an alternate version of himself and comforting "Peter-One"'s loss of his aunt, the Spider-Men work together to cure the supervillains and Parker subsequently reunites with Octavius. Parker saves "Peter-One" from killing Norman Osborn out of anger, having previously reminded him that revenge would not suffice May's death, but this proned him to being stabbed in the back and injured by Osborn. Parker says goodbye to his alternate versions and returns to his universe.


Main article: Peter Parker (The Amazing Spider-Man)

See also: The Amazing Spider-Man (film) and The Amazing Spider-Man 2

Further information: Spider-Man: No Way Home

Following the events of The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (2014), Peter Parker's (portrayed by Andrew Garfield) failure to save Gwen Stacy caused him to become bitter and overly aggressive and vengeful towards criminals, moving away from his identity as Peter Parker and devoting his time to being Spider-Man. After Strange's malfunctioned spell, Parker is brought into the MCU and subsequently begins searching for that universe's Parker. After meeting an alternate version of himself and comforting "Peter-One"'s loss of his aunt, the Spider-Men work to cure the villains, with "Peter-One" curing Curt Connors and Parker reconciling with Dillon, who had been cured by Otto Octavius. After Norman Osborn destroys the contained spell, MJ falls from the scaffolding but is saved by Parker, bringing closure to his failure. Parker and "Peter-One" inject Osborn with a cure "Peter-Two" developed, restoring his sanity. Parker says goodbye to his alternate versions and returns to his universe as a happier and content man.

In other media


Video games

Theme parks


Holland has received numerous nominations and awards for his portrayal of Spider-Man.

Year Film Award Category Result Ref(s)
2016 Captain America: Civil War Golden Schmoes Awards Breakthrough Performance of the Year Won [61]
Teen Choice Awards Choice Movie: Scene Stealer Nominated [62]
2017 Empire Awards Best Male Newcomer Nominated [63]
Saturn Awards Best Performance by a Younger Actor Won [64]
Spider-Man: Homecoming London Film Critics' Circle Awards Young British/Irish Performer of the Year Nominated [65]
Teen Choice Awards Choice Breakout Movie Star Nominated [66]
Choice Summer Movie Actor Won
2018 Saturn Awards Best Performance by a Younger Actor Won [67]
Avengers: Infinity War Teen Choice Awards Choice Action Movie Actor Nominated [68]
2019 Spider-Man: Far From Home Teen Choice Awards Choice Summer Movie Actor Won [69]
Saturn Awards Best Performance by a Younger Actor Won [70]
People's Choice Awards Male Movie Star of 2019 Nominated [71]
Action Movie Star of 2019 Won

See also


  1. ^ As seen on his passport in the film Spider-Man: Far From Home (2019).


  1. ^ Bell, Crystal (June 26, 2017). "Tom Holland Confirms That Peter Parker Had a Secret Cameo in Iron Man 2". MTV. Retrieved March 28, 2021.
  2. ^ Mueller, Matthew (August 2, 2017). "Uncle Ben Confirmed For The Marvel Cinematic Universe". Comic Book. Retrieved May 14, 2018.
  3. ^ Bradley, Bill (June 26, 2017). "Tom Holland Confirms Popular Fan Theory: Spider-Man Was In 'Iron Man 2'". HuffPost. Archived from the original on June 26, 2017. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
  4. ^ a b Ryan, Mark (June 27, 2017). "'Spider-Man: Homecoming' Director Jon Watts Explains Real Story Behind Peter Parker's 'Iron Man 2' Cameo". Uproxx. Archived from the original on June 27, 2017. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
  5. ^ DeFalco, Tom; Lee, Stan (2001). O'Neill, Cynthia (ed.). Spider-Man: The Ultimate Guide. New York: Dorling Kindersley. ISBN 0-7894-7946-X.
  6. ^ a b Lee, Stan; Mair, George (2002). Excelsior!: The Amazing Life of Stan Lee. Fireside. ISBN 0-684-87305-2.
  7. ^ Detroit Free Press interview with Stan Lee, quoted in The Steve Ditko Reader by Greg Theakston (Pure Imagination, Brooklyn, NY; ISBN 1-56685-011-8), p. 12 (unnumbered).
  8. ^ Theakston, Greg (2002). The Steve Ditko Reader. Brooklyn, New York: Pure Imagination. ISBN 1-56685-011-8.
  9. ^ Ditko, Steve (2000). Roy Thomas (ed.). Alter Ego: The Comic Book Artist Collection. TwoMorrows Publishing. ISBN 1-893905-06-3.
  10. ^ Simon, Joe, with Jim Simon. The Comic Book Makers (Crestwood/II, 1990) ISBN 1-887591-35-4.
  11. ^ "Japanese Spider-Man". Retrieved November 18, 2010.
  12. ^ "EXCLUSIVE: 'Spider-Man 4' Scrapped; Sam Rami & Tobey Maguire & Cast Out; Franchise Reboot for 2012". Deadline. January 11, 2010. Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
  13. ^ ""Spider-Man" Film Gets Reboot; Sam Raimi, Tobey Maguire Out". January 11, 2010. Retrieved January 11, 2010.
  14. ^ Tobey Maguire and Sam Raimi part ways with Spider-Man franchise
  15. ^ "Andrew Garfield & Marc Webb Return For 'Amazing Spider-Man 2'". Huffington Post. September 28, 2012. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
  16. ^ Truitt, Brian (July 20, 2013). "Garfield relishes web-swinging in 'Amazing Spider-Man 2'". USA Today. Retrieved December 15, 2013.
  17. ^ Fritz, Ben (December 9, 2014). "Sony, Marvel Discussed Spider-Man Movie Crossover". The Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on December 10, 2014. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
  18. ^ a b "Sony Pictures Entertainment Brings Marvel Studios Into The Amazing World Of Spider-Man". February 9, 2015. Archived from the original on February 10, 2015. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  19. ^ Fritz, Ben (February 9, 2015). "Marvel and Sony Reach Deal on Spider-Man Movie Production". Wall Street Journal. Archived from the original on February 11, 2015. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  20. ^ McNary, David (March 3, 2015). "Russo Brothers Sign First-Look Deal with Sony". Variety. Archived from the original on March 3, 2015. Retrieved March 3, 2015.
  21. ^ Quesada, Joe (March 22, 2015). "Have you seen any visual concepts/early designs". Tumblr. Retrieved March 22, 2015. The trick to making any incarnation of Spider-Man great, whether comics, animation or film is Peter Parker. Get Peter's character right and the rest falls into place.
  22. ^ Khatchatourian, Maane. "'Spider-Man': New Movie Stars Teen Peter Parker". Variety. Retrieved May 15, 2015.
  23. ^ Bibbiani, William (April 11, 2015). "Exclusive: Marvel's Spider-Man Reboot is NOT an Origin Story". Archived from the original on April 12, 2015. Retrieved April 11, 2015.
  24. ^ Faraci, Devin (June 28, 2015). "Kevin Feige: Next Spider-Man Will Have New Villains, John Hughes Vibe". Birth. Movies. Death. Archived from the original on June 29, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  25. ^ a b Lang, Brett (April 12, 2016). "'Spider-Man' Movie Gets Official Title". Variety. Archived from the original on April 13, 2016. Retrieved April 13, 2016.
  26. ^ "Sony Pictures and Marvel Studios Find Their 'Spider-Man' Star and Director" (Press release). June 23, 2015. Retrieved June 24, 2015.
  27. ^ Busch, Anita (February 11, 2017). "Robert Downey, Jr. Confirms Spider-Man Character in 'Avengers: Infinity War' On FB Live". Deadline. Retrieved February 11, 2017.
  28. ^ Goldberg, Matt. "'Avengers: Infinity War': Kevin Feige Reveals Spider-Man's Screentime". Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  29. ^ Kit, Borys; Couch, Aaron (April 18, 2017). "Marvel's Kevin Feige on Why the Studio Won't Make R-Rated Movies, 'Guardians 2' and Joss Whedon's DC Move". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 18, 2017. Retrieved April 18, 2017.
  30. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (December 9, 2016). "'Spider-Man: Homecoming 2' Shoots Web Around Independence Day 2019 Frame; 'Bad Boys 4' Moves To Memorial Day". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on December 10, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  31. ^ a b Lang, Brent (September 27, 2019). "Sony, Marvel Make Up: Companies Will Produce Third 'Spider-Man' Film". Variety. Archived from the original on September 27, 2019. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
  32. ^ 26/02/2021 (February 26, 2021). "Tom Holland says No Way Home is his last contracted Spider-Man film". Retrieved November 19, 2021.CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  33. ^ Franklin-Wallis, Oliver. "Tom Holland Is In the Center of the Web". GQ. Retrieved November 17, 2021.
  34. ^ Schwartz, Terri (June 27, 2015). "How Marvel's 'Spider-Man' is telling a brand new Peter Parker story". Zap2it. Archived from the original on June 28, 2015. Retrieved June 28, 2015.
  35. ^ Miller, Ross (March 10, 2016). "Spider-Man makes first appearance in new Captain America: Civil War trailer". The Verge. Archived from the original on March 10, 2016. Retrieved March 10, 2016.
  36. ^ Jayson, Jay (January 11, 2016). "Spider-Man Develops A Very Personal Relationship In Captain America: Civil War". Archived from the original on January 12, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2016.
  37. ^ Davis, Brandon (January 8, 2016). "Exclusive: Captain America: Civil War Directors Explain How Their Spider-Man Is Different". Archived from the original on January 9, 2016. Retrieved January 8, 2016.
  38. ^ Thompson, Simon (March 16, 2016). "Russo Brothers Talk 'Captain America: Civil War', Their Plans for Spider-Man And Post-Credits Scenes". Forbes. Archived from the original on March 17, 2016. Retrieved March 16, 2016.
  39. ^ Mueller, Matthew (August 2, 2017). "Uncle Ben Confirmed For The Marvel Cinematic Universe".
  40. ^ Moore, Rose (July 18, 2019). "Spider-Man is Still Stuck in Tony Stark's Shadow After Far From Home". ScreenRant. Retrieved December 26, 2020.
  41. ^ Bradley, Bill (June 26, 2017). "Tom Holland Confirms Fan Theory About Spider-Man's Cameo In 'Iron Man 2'". Huffington Post. Retrieved June 26, 2017.
  42. ^ Lussier, German (June 27, 2017). "Tom Holland Confirms That Peter Parker Appeared in Iron Man 2 (UPDATED)". Gizmodo. Retrieved January 3, 2022.
  43. ^ Wilding, Josh (July 20, 2015). "Peyton Reed talks about that Spider-Man reference in Ant-Man". Archived from the original on October 10, 2016.
  44. ^ Anderson, Kyle (December 8, 2015). "Even Tom Holland, who plays Spider-Man, doesn't quite know what Spider-Man does in Civil War". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on December 14, 2015. Retrieved December 14, 2015.
  45. ^ Perry, Spencer (June 23, 2015). "Tom Holland is the New Spider-Man and Will be Directed by Jon Watts!". SuperHeroHype. Archived from the original on November 19, 2015.
  46. ^ Kroll, Justin (June 23, 2015). "Tom Holland Is the new Spider-Man, Jon Watts to Direct Film". Variety. Archived from the original on October 27, 2015.
  47. ^ Couch, Aaron (February 10, 2017). "'Avengers: Infinity War' Featurette Shows Off First Footage From Set". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on February 11, 2017. Retrieved February 10, 2017.
  48. ^ Kit, Borys; Couch, Aaron (April 18, 2017). "Marvel's Kevin Feige on Why the Studio Won't Make R-Rated Movies, 'Guardians 2' and Joss Whedon's DC Move". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 18, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
  49. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (December 9, 2016). "'Spider-Man: Homecoming 2' Shoots Web Around Independence Day 2019 Frame; 'Bad Boys 4' Moves To Memorial Day". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on December 10, 2016. Retrieved December 9, 2016.
  50. ^ Lussier, Germain (July 8, 2021). "Marvel's Multiverse Expands in the First Trailer for What If?". io9. Archived from the original on July 8, 2021. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  51. ^ a b Huang, Nina (July 29, 2021). "Hasbro unveils new figurines for Marvel's What If...?, including Chadwick Boseman's T'Challa Star-Lord". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on July 29, 2021. Retrieved July 29, 2021.
  52. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (July 24, 2020). "'Spider-Man: Far From Home' Sequel Swings To Christmas Season 2021 With 'Avatar 2' Out Of The Way". Deadline. Archived from the original on August 2, 2020. Retrieved August 2, 2020.
  53. ^ a b Barnes, Brooks (December 17, 2021). "Kevin Feige and Amy Pascal on the Future of Spider-Man and the M.C.U." The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved December 28, 2021.
  54. ^ Couch, Aaron (November 12, 2021). "Disney+ Orders '90s 'X-Men' Revival, 'Marvel Zombies' and 'Spider-Man: Freshman Year'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 12, 2021. Retrieved November 12, 2021.
  55. ^ "Spider-Man: No Way Home Producer Amy Pascal Reveals More About the Historic Film and Confirms Tom Holland's Future as Spider-Man". Fandango. Retrieved December 28, 2021.
  56. ^ Collision, Gary. "Spider-Man: Into the Spider-Verse almost featured Tobey Maguire, Andrew Garfield and Tom Holland". Flickering Myth. January 23, 2019.
  58. ^ Agar, Chris (August 29, 2019). "Venom: Tom Holland's Spider-Man Cameo Reportedly Cut By Marvel". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on August 29, 2019. Retrieved September 17, 2019.
  59. ^ Vary, Adam B. (October 2, 2021). "Does 'Venom: Let There Be Carnage' Reshape Sony's Marvel Universe? And More Burning Questions". Variety. Archived from the original on October 3, 2021. Retrieved October 2, 2021.
  60. ^ Ramirez, Michael (March 11, 2020). "Swing into WEB SLINGERS: A Spider-Man Adventure Inside Avengers Campus at Disneyland Resort". Disney Parks Blog. Retrieved March 11, 2020.
  61. ^ "Winners and Nominees (2016)". Archived from the original on July 6, 2019. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
  62. ^ Eliahou, Maya (June 9, 2016). "Teen Choice Awards 2016—Captain America: Civil War Leads Second Wave of Nominations". E! News. Archived from the original on June 12, 2016. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
  63. ^ Dyer, James (February 7, 2017). "2017 Three Empire Awards Nominations Announced". Empire. Archived from the original on February 7, 2017. Retrieved October 13, 2019.
  64. ^ McNary, Dave (March 2, 2017). "Saturn Awards Nominations 2017: 'Rogue One,' 'Walking Dead' Lead". Variety. Archived from the original on March 3, 2017. Retrieved March 2, 2017.
  65. ^ Cline, Rich (December 9, 2017). "Three Billboards leads nominees for Critics' Circle Film Awards". London Film Critics' Circle. Archived from the original on December 20, 2017. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
  66. ^ Vulpo, Mike (July 12, 2017). "Teen Choice Awards 2017 Reveal "Second Wave" of Nominations". E! Online. Archived from the original on July 12, 2017. Retrieved July 12, 2017.
  67. ^ Hammond, Pete (June 27, 2018). "'Black Panther' Tops 44th Saturn Awards With Five; 'Blade Runner 2049' , 'Shape Of Water', 'Get Out' Also Score". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  68. ^ Cohen, Jess (June 13, 2018). "Teen Choice Awards 2018: Avengers: Infinity War, Black Panther and Riverdale Among Top Nominees". E! News. Archived from the original on June 13, 2018. Retrieved June 15, 2018.
  69. ^ Clarendon, Dan (August 11, 2019). "Teen Choice Awards 2019: Complete List of Winners and Nominees". Us Weekly. Archived from the original on August 12, 2019. Retrieved August 11, 2019.
  70. ^ Anderton, Ethan (September 14, 2019). "2019 Saturn Awards Winners: 'Avengers: Endgame' Dominates with Six Total Awards". /Film. Archived from the original on September 21, 2019. Retrieved October 29, 2019.
  71. ^ Nordyke, Kimberly; Howard, Annie (November 10, 2019). "People's Choice Awards: 'Avengers: Endgame' Named Best Movie". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on November 11, 2019. Retrieved November 11, 2019.