Otto Octavius
Sam Raimi's Spider-Man and
Marvel Cinematic Universe
Alfred Molina as Otto Octavius in Spider-Man 2 (2004)
First appearanceSpider-Man 2 (2004)
Last appearanceSpider-Man: No Way Home (2021)
Based on
Doctor Octopus
Adapted by
Portrayed byAlfred Molina
Voiced by
In-universe information
Full nameOtto Octavius
AliasDoctor Octopus
NicknameDoc Ock
SpeciesHuman cyborg
AffiliationOscorp Industries
WeaponFour robotic arms with artificial intelligence
SpouseRosalie "Rosie" Octavius

Otto Gunther Octavius is a fictional character portrayed by Alfred Molina in Spider-Man 2 (2004) and later in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU) film Spider-Man: No Way Home (2021), based on the Marvel Comics character of the same name. Octavius is introduced in Spider-Man 2 as a nuclear physicist and friend and mentor of Peter Parker, whose research into fusion power with his wife Rosie (portrayed by Donna Murphy) is being sponsored by Oscorp's genetic and scientific research division, headed by Harry Osborn.

When Octavius' fusion reactor experiment using tritium becomes unstable, resulting in Rosie's death, the harness of powerful robotic tentacle arms equipped with artificial intelligence (AI) which he was using to safely handle the materials is fused to his body, burning the inhibitor chip keeping the arms from controlling his nervous system. After ending up in the hospital and massacring the surgeons attempting to save Octavius by sawing them off, the arms' AI begin influencing his mind and convince him to steal funds in order to attempt the experiment again, over the course of which crime spree the Daily Bugle dubs him Doctor Octopus, or "Doc Ock" for short, regarding him as New York's second effective supervillain. Along the way, he comes into conflict with Spider-Man, with Osborn offering to give Octavius the tritium he needs to complete his experiment in exchange for handing Spider-Man over to him. Ultimately, as the experiment begins to destroy New York City, Spider-Man reveals himself as Peter to Octavius after damaging his arms, and inspires him to regain control of them and sacrifice himself to sink the fusion reactor into the East River, where he presumably drowns.

The character returns in Spider-Man: No Way Home, being transported into another universe shortly before his redemption and death, due to a magic spell gone wrong causing a rupture in the multiverse, and ends up clashing with that universe's Spider-Man and his allies. After the other universe Spider-Man and his closest friend, colleague and Harry's father Norman replaces his faulty inhibitor chip with a working one, Octavius regains control of his arms and mental state like he did before his original death, and joins Spider-Man and two alternate versions of him in fighting other universe-displaced supervillains, including Norman's alter ego Green Goblin. After briefly reuniting with his version of Spider-Man, now older, Octavius is returned to his universe. Molina has expressed further interest in reprising the role in the in-development Sony's Spider-Man Universe (SSU) film based on The Sinister Six.

Molina's performance as the character, considered one of the earliest portrayals of Octavius as a tragic villain, has been positively received by critics and audiences, and the character has come to be considered to be one of the most iconic villains in superhero films.

Concept and creation

Alfred Molina in 2009

The character of Otto Octavius / Doctor Octopus first appeared in print in The Amazing Spider-Man #3 (July 1963), and was created by writer Stan Lee and artist Steve Ditko.[1][2][3][4] Lee recounted: "usually in creating a villain the first thing I would think of was a name, and then I would try to think of, 'Well, now that I've got the name, who's the character going to be and what will he do?' For some reason, I thought of an octopus. I thought, 'I want to call somebody Octopus. And I want him to have a couple of extra arms just for fun'. But I had to figure out how to do that".[5] The character soon re-appeared in The Amazing Spider-Man #11-12 and then again in #31-33, becoming a fan favorite.

Otto Octavius was originally intended to be the secondary antagonist of Spider-Man (2002), but director Sam Raimi eventually dropped the concept in favor of spending more time with Harry and Norman Osborn.[6] Raimi decided to use Octavius as the main antagonist of Spider-Man 2 (2004) due to being both a visually interesting villain and a character who could be seen as sympathetic.[7] In a draft written by Michael Chabon,[8] a younger Doc Ock becomes infatuated with Mary Jane. His mechanical limbs use endorphins to counteract the pain of being attached to his body, which he enjoys. When he injures two muggers on a date, this horrifies Mary Jane and in the resulting battle with Spider-Man his tentacles are fused together, and the fusion begins to kill him. In the script, Octavius is the creator of the genetically altered spider from the first film, and gives Peter an antidote to remove his powers: this means when Octavius is dying with his tentacles, he wants to extract Spider-Man's spine to save himself. This leads to an alliance with Harry (a detail which made it into the finished film). Beforehand, Harry and the Daily Bugle put a $10 million price on Spider-Man's head, causing the city's citizens to turn against him.[9][10]

Before Alfred Molina was cast in the role several actors were considered for the role, including Ed Harris, Chris Cooper (who would later portray Norman Osborn in The Amazing Spider-Man 2), and Christopher Walken;[11][12] In February 2003, Molina was cast as Octavius for the film, undergoing physical training for the role.[13] Raimi had been impressed by his performance in Frida (2002) and also felt that his large physical size was true to the comic book character.[14] Molina was unaware that he was a strong contender for the role, only briefly discussing it.[7] He was excited to get the role, being a big fan of Marvel Comics.[15] Although he was not familiar with Doc Ock, Molina wanted to maintain the cruel, sardonic sense of humor the character had in the comics.[16]

Special effects

To create Doctor Octopus' mechanical tentacles, Edge FX was hired to create a corset, a metal and rubber girdle, a rubber spine and four foam rubber tentacles which were 8 feet (2.4 m) long and altogether weighed 100 pounds (45 kg). The claws of each tentacle, which were called "death flowers", were controlled by one puppeteer sitting on a chair. Each tentacle was controlled by four people, who rehearsed every scene with Molina so that they could give a natural sense of movement as if the tentacles were moving due to Octavius' muscle movement.[13] On set, Molina referred to his tentacles as "Larry", "Harry", "Moe" and "Flo".[17]

For Spider-Man: No Way Home (2021), Doctor Octopus' mechanical tentacles were created through CGI instead of puppetry. According to Tom Holland, Molina had to subsequently "relearn" how to act using them.[18]

Return of the character

Molina first expressed interest in portraying the character again in The Amazing Spider-Man series. In an August 2014 interview, while promoting Love Is Strange (2014), Molina expressed his openness to return as Doctor Octopus in a film based on the Sinister Six, then-intended for a 2016 release, after the character's appearance in that film was teased at the end of The Amazing Spider-Man 2 (2014), but reflected that the filmmakers could choose to go for another actor.[19] By September 2019, an untitled The Sinister Six film had re-entered development,[20] Amy Pascal stating the following October that it would feature villains of Marvel Studios' Spider-Man films.[21] By September 2021, the film was confirmed to be in active development, to be set in Sony's Spider-Man Universe.[22]

After The Amazing Spider-Man film series was cancelled, Sony Pictures and Marvel Studios announced in February 2015 that Spider-Man would appear in the MCU, with the character appearing in an MCU film and Sony releasing a Spider-Man film co-produced by Feige and Pascal. Sony Pictures would continue to own, finance, distribute, and exercise final creative control over the Spider-Man films.[23] "For the first few films, it was always, 'How do we do things that have never been done before?' It did not occur to us to do a new Goblin story, or to do an Oscorp story, or to do Doc Ock, or anyone that had been done before, which is why Vulture and Mysterio were really the key characters," Marvel Studios president Kevin Feige reflected. Feige conceded "you can't get better than Alfred Molina as Doc Ock" and furthered that if they "were ever going to bring Doc Ock back, it would have to be Alfred Molina and in early development on this third Homecoming movie, we realized that thanks to the MCU, there was a way to do that."[24]

In December 2020, it was reported that Molina would reprise his role as the character in Spider-Man: No Way Home (2021), which is intended to be set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe.[25] In April 2021, Molina confirmed his involvement with film, calling it "wonderful" to reprise his role. He also revealed that Octavius's story in the film would pick up mere moments after the events of Spider-Man 2. Molina was digitally de-aged in the film to resemble how he appeared in 2004, despite his concerns about his fighting style not looking realistic due to his age in a similar way to Robert De Niro's character in The Irishman (2019).[26]

Fictional character biography

Early life

Otto Octavius is a brilliant nuclear physicist, a friend of Dr. Curt Connors, and a scientific idol of Peter Parker, who aims to write his college paper on him. His work is connected to and funded by Oscorp, run by Norman Osborn, whom Octavius knew. Years later, Osborn would become the Green Goblin after an experiment involving super-soldiers gone wrong and die while fighting Spider-Man; Octavius later attended his funeral.[c] Despite this, Octavius continues his work with his wife and lab assistant, Rosie.

Becoming Doctor Octopus

Further information: Spider-Man 2

Two years later, Parker meets Octavius through Norman's son and the former's best friend Harry Osborn. Octavius initially dismisses Parker until he remembers that Oscorp funds his research and that Parker is the "brilliant but lazy" student of Dr. Curt Connors, after which Octavius takes a liking to Parker because of his intelligence and shared interests. Octavius creates an artificial sun with four mechanical tentacles controlled by a back-mounted harness and a neural inhibitor chip on his neck as part of a fusion reactor experiment using tritium. However, the experiment goes awry, resulting in Rosie's death, the harness being fused to his body, and the inhibitor chip controlling the arms being destroyed. Octavius ends up in the hospital, but the arms', no longer under the control of the inhibitor chip, artificial intelligence (AI) massacre the surgeons attempting to save him and convince him to steal funds and attempt the experiment again.

Along the way, he comes into conflict with Spider-Man and offers to bring him to Harry in exchange for more tritium. To lure Spider-Man, Octavius kidnaps Mary Jane Watson and battles him atop an elevated train, which he sends careening out of control. Octavius takes Spider-Man captive, delivers him to Harry, keeps Watson as a hostage, and begins another attempt at the fusion reactor experiment. Spider-Man arrives to stop him and damages the arms before revealing his identity as Parker to remind Octavius of how he believed intelligence should be used for good.[d] Inspired by Parker's words, Octavius regains control of his arms and sacrifices himself to sink the fusion reactor into the East River.

Alternate versions

Entering an alternate reality

Further information: Spider-Man: No Way Home

In an alternate reality, Dr. Stephen Strange casts a spell to erase people's memories of that reality's Peter Parker's (later nicknamed "Peter-One") identity as Spider-Man after it was revealed by Mysterio. However, Peter-One's frequent alterations causes the spell to bring in people from across the multiverse who knew Parker's identity, including Octavius while strangling his version of Parker (nicknamed "Peter-Two"), moments before the latter can redeem Octavius and stop his experiment. After being transported to this new reality, Octavius encounters Peter-One on the Alexander Hamilton Bridge. Believing Peter-One is his Spider-Man and that he did something with his fusion reactor, Octavius battles him and steals a piece of his nanotechnological Iron Spider suit, upgrading his arms. After discovering Peter-One is not his Parker, Octavius loses control of his arms when Peter-One uses the stolen nanotechnology to hack into them. Peter-One interrogates Octavius, but they are interrupted by the Green Goblin, whom Octavius recognizes as Osborn.

Strange teleports the two of them to the New York Sanctum and locks Octavius in a cell next to an alternate version of Curt Connors. Later, Octavius meets Max Dillon and Flint Marko, and reunites with Osborn; the two learn from Marko that they both died while fighting their Spider-Man, which Octavius angrily refuses to believe, but was convinced, after realizing that his fight with his Spider-Man was the only thing he remembered before being brought to this universe. Strange however arrives and locks Osborn in another cell, preparing to send the villains back to their universes only for Peter-One to fight and trap the former in the Mirror Dimension, intending to cure them. Octavius is surprised at Peter-One's act and tells him he could have let them die, but MJ tells him that it was not who Spider-Man is. Hearing Peter-One's intentions to cure the villains, Octavius is reluctant, believing he does not need fixing.

Despite being reluctant, Octavius was convinced to come with Spider-Man, but protested when Peter-One told him that he was going to be cured first. Nonetheless, Peter-One and Osborn make a new inhibitor chip for him, as Spider-Man administrated it, which gives Octavius his humanity and control over his arms back. Octavius expressed his gratitude to Peter-One for his help, returns the nanites he absorbed back to Peter's suit and offers to help cure the remaining villains, but Osborn's Green Goblin persona retakes control of Norman and convinces the uncured villains to fight back. Octavius attempts to stop them, but is blasted out of a building by Dillon and forced to escape. Later on, Octavius reunites with Parker and Peter-One before joining forces with them and a third version of Parker (nicknamed "Peter-Three") to cure Dillon and fight back against the Green Goblin. Afterwards, Strange returns the displaced individuals to their native universes, with Octavius taking an arc reactor back with him.[e]


David Crow of Den of Geek calls Octavius "a megalomaniacal fiend" who, despite building four mechanical arms, is "still inexplicably searching for a creation that will justify his genius and get him worldwide acclaim." Crow notes that the relationships Octavius has with his wife and Peter "give the accident which welds the mechanical arms to his spine and drives him insane some emotional weight."[27]

In other media


Video games

Reception and legacy

Alfred Molina's role in Spider-Man 2 was widely well-received. In May 2014, IndieWire ranked him as the 5th greatest film supervillain of all time.[29] Additionally, Abraham Riesman of in his February 2018 list placed the character as number 16 in the rank of his 25 greatest movie supervillains.[30] Den of Geek, Screen Rant, and Collider ranked Doc Ock as the greatest villain in the Spider-Man film franchise.[31][32][33] The special effects used for his robotic arms were also praised, with Roger Ebert calling it the film's "special-effects triumph".[34] Chicago Tribune's Mark Caro stated that Octavius was a "pleasingly complex" villain in Spider-Man 2,[35] with Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times concurring with Caro, opining, "Doc Ock grabs this film with his quartet of sinisterly serpentine mechanical arms and refuses to let go."[36] IGN's Richard George felt "Sam Raimi and his writing team delivered an iconic, compelling version of Spider-Man's classic foe... We almost wish there was a way to retroactively add some of these elements to the original character."[37] Empire also praised Octavius as a "superior villain" in 2015.[38]

The character's revival in Spider-Man: No Way Home (2021) was spotlighted before the release of the film with a trailer. The reveal was cited as a highlight and inspired various Internet memes of the scene of Octavius saying "Hello, Peter".[39][40] Looking back at the Sam Raimi trilogy, Tom Holland, who portrays Spider-Man in the Marvel Cinematic Universe, praised Molina's performance in Spider-Man 2, noting that he was initially terrified of the character back when he saw Spider-Man 2 for the first time.[41] Holland later expressed his enjoyment at later working with Molina in Spider-Man: No Way Home, calling Molina "one of [his] favorite people [he]'s ever worked with".[18] Benjamin Lee,[42] Neil Soans,[43] Manohla Dargis,[44] Peter Travers,[45] and Jade King singled out Norman Osborn portrayer Willem Dafoe and Molina for praise, King asserting that the two stole "the show as Green Goblin and Doc Ock" and were "brilliant depictions of these characters".[46]

Awards and nominations

Molina has received many nominations and awards for his portrayal of Otto Octavius.

Year Film Award Category Result Ref(s)
2005 Spider-Man 2 London Film Critics' Circle British Supporting Actor of the Year Nominated [47]
MTV Movie Awards Best Villain Won [48]
Satellite Awards Best Actor in a Supporting Role, Drama Won [49]
Saturn Awards Best Supporting Actor Nominated [50]
Visual Effects Society Awards Outstanding Performance by an Actor or Actress in a Visual Effects Film Won [51]
2022 Spider-Man: No Way Home Saturn Awards Best Supporting Actor Won [52]

See also


  1. ^ Molina voiced the character in the video game film tie-in, Spider-Man 2 (2004) and through archive audio in the film, Spider-Man: Across the Spider-Verse (2023).
  2. ^ Alaskey voiced the character in the video game film tie-in, Spider-Man: Friend or Foe (2007).
  3. ^ As depicted in Spider-Man (2002).
  4. ^ Just before he regains control, Octavius (from this point in time in the original timeline) is brought to the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU). This causes a divergence in the timeline, with the events of Spider-Man 2 continuing as seen, and Octavius is returned to an adjacent universe to his own at this moment.
  5. ^ More specifically, to the point where they were originally taken in the timeline, in Octavius’s case, this is a diverged timeline occurring during the events of Spider-Man 2 (2004), possibly averting his death as a result.


  1. ^ Manning, Matthew K.; Gilbert, Laura (2012). "1960s". Spider-Man Chronicle Celebrating 50 Years of Web-Slinging. Dorling Kindersley. p. 19. ISBN 978-0756692360. One of Spider-Man's most recognizable foes burst onto the scene in this epic tale of the origin of Doctor Octopus.
  2. ^ Siegel, Lucas. "The 10 Greatest SPIDER-MAN Villains of ALL TIME!". Newsarama. Retrieved January 2, 2014.
  3. ^ DeFalco "1960s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 93: "Dr. Octopus shared many traits with Peter Parker. They were both shy, both interested in science, and both had trouble relating to women...Otto Octavius even looked like a grown up Peter Parker. Lee and Ditko intended Otto to be the man Peter might have become if he hadn't been raised with a sense of responsibility.
  4. ^ The Amazing Spider-Man #3. Marvel Comics.
  5. ^ Thomas, Roy (August 2011). "Stan Lee's Amazing Marvel Interview!". Alter Ego (104): 3–45.
  6. ^ Subtitled Factoids: Weaving the Web (DVD). Sony. 2002.
  7. ^ a b Making the Amazing (DVD). Sony. 2004.
  8. ^ Schmitz, Greg Dean. "Greg's Preview – Spider-Man 2". Yahoo!. Archived from the original on December 25, 2006. Retrieved April 15, 2007.
  9. ^ Vandermeer, Jeff (April 14, 2008). "Read Michael Chabon's Script for Spider-Man 2". io9. Archived from the original on April 15, 2008. Retrieved April 14, 2008.
  10. ^ Cronin, Brian (May 4, 2016). "Movie Legends Revealed: Did Doc Ock and Mary Jane Nearly Date in 'Spider-Man 2'?". Comic Book Resources.
  11. ^ Cohn, Angel (May 20, 2004). "Meet Spider-Man 2's Dr. Octopus". TV Guide. Archived from the original on December 30, 2020. Retrieved December 16, 2020.
  12. ^ Cohn, Angel (May 20, 2004). "Meet Spider-Man 2's Dr. Octopus". TV Guide. Archived from the original on December 30, 2020. Retrieved December 16, 2020. "[Director] Sam Raimi saw a whole bunch of us character actors," Molina reveals. "It was me, Ed Harris, Chris Cooper and Christopher Walken. We were all actors on a list because we all had movies that made a bit of a splash.
  13. ^ a b Hiatt, Brian (February 13, 2003). "Eight Arms to Hold You". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on August 25, 2007. Retrieved April 30, 2007.
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  15. ^ Brett, Anwar (July 9, 2004). "Alfred Molina". BBC. Archived from the original on February 28, 2006. Retrieved April 30, 2007.
  16. ^ Otto, Jeff (June 25, 2004). "Interview: Tobey Maguire and Alfred Molina". IGN. Archived from the original on March 3, 2014. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  17. ^ Mike Cotton. "Spider-Man 3." Wizard: The Comics Magazine June 2007: p. 30–31.
  18. ^ a b Coggan, Devan (October 14, 2021). "Tom Holland opens up about Spider-Man: No Way Home and facing off against Alfred Molina". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 14, 2021. Retrieved October 21, 2021.
  19. ^ Nemiroff, Perri (August 18, 2014). "Alfred Molina Would Bring Back Doc Ock in a Heartbeat for SINISTER SIX". Collider. Archived from the original on August 21, 2014. Retrieved November 15, 2021.
  20. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (September 27, 2019). "Spider-Man Back In Action As Sony Agrees To Disney Co-Fi For New Movie, Return To MCU: How Spidey's Web Got Untangled". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on September 27, 2019. Retrieved September 27, 2019.
  21. ^ Hood, Cooper (October 7, 2019). "Spider-Man Producer Hints At Plans For Sinister Six In A Future Movie". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on October 8, 2019. Retrieved October 21, 2019.
  22. ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony; Pattern, Dominic (September 24, 2021). "Hero Nation Podcast: 'What If?' EP A.C. Bradley Teases Marvel Animated Series' Season 2 + The Captain America & 'West Wing' Crossover That Never Happened". Deadline Hollywood (Podcast). Retrieved September 28, 2021. Because Sony's always kept, outside of the current Spider-Man stuff they're doing with the Disney MCU...I know one of their long-term goals is to make Sinister Six. That's kinda the project we're all waiting for; their version of the bad guys from the Spider-Man [universe].
  23. ^ "Sony Pictures Entertainment Brings Marvel Studios Into The Amazing World Of Spider-Man". February 9, 2015. Archived from the original on February 10, 2015. Retrieved February 10, 2015.
  24. ^ Fink, Richard (January 1, 2022). "Kevin Feige On Why MCU Avoided Green Goblin & Doc Ock Before No Way Home". Screen Rant.
  25. ^ Kit, Borys; Couch, Aaron (December 8, 2020). "'Spider-Man 3': Alfred Molina Returning as Doctor Octopus". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on December 8, 2020. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  26. ^ Aurthur, Kate (April 16, 2021). "Alfred Molina Details Doc Ock's Return in 'Spider-Man: No Way Home': 'The Tentacles Do All the Work' (Exclusive)". Variety. Archived from the original on April 16, 2021. Retrieved August 31, 2021.
  27. ^ Crow, David (December 8, 2021). "Doc Ock Is Still the Best Spider-Man Villain On-Screen". Den of Geek.
  28. ^ Luchies, Adam (May 24, 2023). "A Classic 'Spider-Man' Villain Appears in New 'Across the Spider-Verse' TV Spot". Collider. Retrieved May 26, 2023.
  29. ^ "Ranking The 10 Best And 10 Worst Villains In Superhero Movies". IndieWire. May 1, 2014. Retrieved April 22, 2021.
  30. ^ Riesman, Abraham (February 20, 2018). "The 25 Best Movie Supervillains, Ranked". Vulture. Retrieved December 28, 2021.
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  39. ^ "'Spider-Man: No Way Home' Trailer: First Look Provides So Many Memes - Thrillist". Thrillist. Retrieved December 28, 2021.
  40. ^ Hasnain, Qasim (December 22, 2021). "Alfred Molina Asks Spider-Man: No Way Home co-star Jacob Batalon for His Autograph". MovieWeb. Retrieved December 28, 2021.
  41. ^ Prosser, Keegan (October 29, 2021). "Spider-Man: Tom Holland Was Terrified of Molina's Doc Ock as a Child". CBR. Archived from the original on October 29, 2021. Retrieved October 31, 2021.
  42. ^ "Spider-Man: No Way Home review – scattered fun in ambitious sequel". The Guardian. December 14, 2021. The bellow of applause that met their return at the press screening will likely be heard at cinemas, and while some do genuinely work (Molina and Dafoe are the predictable MVPs), there's something a little overused and ultimately a little lazy about using familiarity as a form of surprise.
  43. ^ Soans, Neil (December 16, 2021). "Spider-Man: No Way Home Movie Review: A tribute to Spidey's fans!". ETimes. Alfred Molina and Willem Dafoe return to reinforce why Otto Octavius and Norman Osborn are considered amongst the most heartfelt yet menacing antagonists, not just in Spider-Man films but across the superhero genre.
  44. ^ Dargis, Manohla (December 16, 2021). "'Spider-Man: No Way Home' Review: Listen Bud, No Spoilers Here". The New York Times. Even at their chilliest and PG-13 meanest, great actors like Willem Dafoe and Alfred Molina, two of a number of series veterans making return appearances, can warm up industrial material just by virtue of their presence. They soften rough edges, sell jokes, break hearts and add to the movie's tonal coherence.
  45. ^ Travers, Peter (December 17, 2021). "'Spider-Man: No Way Home' review: Tom Holland is better than ever in this thrill-a-minute whirlwind". Good Morning America. It's delicious to see Molina and Dafoe back in the mischief business, that is until Peter decides these titans of terror may really be good at heart.
  46. ^ King, Jade (December 20, 2021). "Spider-Man: No Way Home Is The MCU At Its Absolute Worst". The Gamer.
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