Official logo for the first flim.
Created by
Original workCars (2006)
OwnerDisney Enterprises, Inc.
Films and television
Film(s)Cars film series:

Planes spin-off series:

Short film(s)Cars short film series:
  • Mater and the Ghostlight (2006)
  • Miss Fritter's Racing Skoool (2017)
  • Dancing with the Cars (2021)
  • Unparalleled Parking (2021)

Planes short film series:

  • Vitaminamulch: Air Spectacular (2014)
Animated series
Video game(s)
Original music
Theme park attraction(s)
Themed areaCars Land (2012–present)
** Work where this franchise's characters or settings appeared as part of a crossover.

Cars is an animated film series and Disney media franchise set in a world populated by anthropomorphic vehicles created by John Lasseter, Joe Ranft and Jorgen Klubien. The franchise began with the 2006 film, Cars, produced by Pixar and released by Walt Disney Pictures. The film was followed by Cars 2 in 2011. A third film, Cars 3, was released in 2017. The now-defunct Disneytoon Studios produced the two spin-off films Planes (2013) and Planes: Fire & Rescue (2014).

The first two Cars films were directed by Lasseter, then-chief creative officer of Pixar, Walt Disney Animation Studios, and Disneytoon Studios, while Cars 3 was directed by Brian Fee, a storyboard artist on the previous installments. Lasseter served as executive producer of Cars 3 and the Planes films. Together, all three Cars films have accrued over $1.4 billion in box office revenue worldwide while the franchise has amassed over $10 billion in merchandising sales within its first five years.


The Cars franchise began with the original Cars. At the time, it was Pixar's least well received film by reviewers.[1]

The short Mater and the Ghostlight was released as an extra on the Cars DVD on November 7, 2006.[2] A series of shorts called Cars Toons were produced and aired on the Disney Channel to keep interest up. The brand had sold nearly $10 billion in merchandise by the time of the release of Cars 2 in 2011.[1]

In 2007, Cars Four Wheels Rally ride opened in Disneyland Paris.[3]

In the summer of 2012, the 12-acre Cars Land theme area opened at Disney California Adventure in Anaheim as the main component of $1-billion park renovation.[1]

A third film, Cars 3, was announced on October 8, 2015, and was released on June 16, 2017.[4]

Cars film series

Cars (2006)

Main article: Cars (film)

Cars is the seventh Pixar film. The story is about rookie race car Lightning McQueen (Owen Wilson), who gets lost on the way to California for a tiebreaker race in the Piston Cup, a famous race worldwide, and ends up in a little town called Radiator Springs on Route 66, that had been bypassed and forgotten when Interstate 40 was built. He accidentally wrecks the road and is sentenced to fix it. During his time there, he meets Mater (Larry the Cable Guy), who became his best friend, and Sally (Bonnie Hunt). He also comes across Doc Hudson (Paul Newman), who used to be a famous racecar called the Hudson Hornet until a career ending crash in 1954.

After Lightning fixes the road, Doc Hudson no longer wants him in town, so he secretly alerts the media about Lightning's presence, but it doesn't take long for Hudson to realize how much Lightning has helped Radiator Springs, so he goes back to being the Hudson Hornet and becomes McQueen's crew chief, while most of the Radiator Springs folks become his pit crew. Lightning is about to win the race, but helps The King (Richard Petty) cross the finish line after Chick Hicks (Michael Keaton) causes him to crash. Chick wins the Piston Cup after being in third on the last lap, but is later booed by everyone, while Lightning receives praise for his sportsmanship.

Despite his loss, Lightning is offered to be the new face and sponsor of Dinoco, but he declines and decides to stay with Rust-eze, his current sponsor. He does, however, arrange for Mater to ride in the Dinoco helicopter just as he promised. The film ends with Lightning setting up his racing headquarters in Radiator Springs, thereby putting it back on the map.

Cars 2 (2011)

Main article: Cars 2

Cars 2 is the twelfth Pixar film. The story starts with Lightning McQueen competing in the World Grand Prix, organized by Sir Miles Axlerod (Eddie Izzard), a three-race event taking place in Japan, Italy, and England, with his racing rival being Italian formula car Francesco Bernoulli (John Turturro).

Along the way, Mater is mistaken for an American spy by British spy Finn McMissile (Michael Caine), and falls in love with junior agent Holley Shiftwell (Emily Mortimer). The three uncover a plot to sabotage the World Grand Prix, which is seemingly led by Professor Zündapp (Thomas Kretschmann) and a group of lemon cars. When the event reaches its conclusion in England, Mater deduces that Axlerod is the mastermind behind the plot, as he started the event in the first place and had intended for cars everywhere to run on oil as revenge for the lemons' reputation as "history's biggest loser cars", implying that Axlerod is also a lemon.

With the plot foiled and the villains defeated, Mater is knighted by the Queen of the United Kingdom (Vanessa Redgrave), and a new race is held in Radiator Springs. Mater is invited by McMissile and Shiftwell to go on another mission, but chooses to stay in Radiator Springs. While his weapons get confiscated, he gets to keep the rocket engines he acquired, as the two agents take off in Siddeley (Jason Isaacs), the British spy jet.

Cars 3 (2017)

Main article: Cars 3

Cars 3 is the eighteenth Pixar film. The story focuses on Lightning McQueen, who deals with a new generation of race cars taking over the world of racing. Jackson Storm (Armie Hammer) is an arrogant high tech racer who leads the next generation. As everyone begins to ask him if he might retire, Lightning struggles with keeping up with these racers and during the final race of the season, he suffers a violent crash.

Four months later, a recovering Lightning mourns the late Doc Hudson and travels to the new Rust-eze Racing Center, now under the management of Sterling (Nathan Fillion). Sterling assigns Cruz Ramirez (Cristela Alonzo) to train him on the simulator, which Lightning accidentally destroys after losing control. Cruz's unconventional training methods and lack of racing experience frustrate Lightning, as they race on beaches and a demolition derby. Cruz reveals that she had always wanted to be a racer but never found the confidence to do so. In Thomasville, they encounter Hudson's old crew chief Smokey (Chris Cooper), who trains McQueen and explains to him that Hudson found happiness in mentoring him. Smokey's training methods inspire Ramirez as well.

At the Florida 500, Lightning begins racing, but remembers Cruz's racing dreams and has her take his place in the race. Using what she's learned on the road, Cruz found the confidence to catch up to Storm. She wins the race along with McQueen and begins racing for Dinoco, whose owner, Tex, purchases Rust-eze. Under the merged Dinoco–Rust-eze brand, Cruz becomes a racer, sporting #51, and McQueen decides to continue racing, with a new paint job in memory of Doc Hudson, but trains Cruz first for the season.

Planned fourth film

Regarding a possible Cars 4, Cars 3 producers Kevin Reher and Andrea Warren told Cinema Blend that "If there's a good story to tell I mean our heads kinda break after having gotten this one done, like oh my God, what could you do the further adventures of? But like any sequel, from Toy Story 4 to Incredibles 2, as long as there's a good story to tell, it's worth investing; we do love these characters, we love them as much as the public does."[5] Regarding which character would be the main protagonist in the movie, Reher and Warren stated that "if Cruz is a breakout character, kind of like Mater was", "she [would] be involved in a 4".[6] Owen Wilson stated at a Cars 3 press event that possible stories have been discussed for a Cars 4, though he would personally like for a fourth Cars movie to delve into aspects of the thriller genre, akin to Cars 2.[7] In an interview with Screen Rant, Lea Delaria expressed interest in reprising her role as Miss Fritter while promoting the release of the short movie Miss Fritter's Racing Skoool with the Cars 3 DVD and Blu-ray release.[8]

In December 2023, it has been revealed that Pixar is working on Cars 4 and other spin-off projects related to the franchise. During a recent interview at the 2023 Porsche Rennsport Reunion Event, the creative director of the saga, Jay Ward, revealed that they are developing a new project related to the franchise: "There are more Cars things brewing, I can't say much more yet. Cars has got a life that will keep going. I am working on some real fun projects right now that you will see in a couple of years. It takes us a while to make them."[9][10][11]

Cars television series

Cars Toons

Main article: Cars Toons

Cars Toons: Mater's Tall Tales (2008–2012)

Mater's Tall Tales is a series of short animated films featuring Mater, Lightning McQueen, and their friends. The first three shorts premiered on October 27, 2008 on Toon Disney, Disney Channel, and ABC Family.[12] Not exclusive to television, the episodes have also been released on DVDs/Blu-rays or as in front of theatrical films. A total of 11 episodes have been released with Time Travel Mater (2012) being the most recent.[13]

All shorts in the series follow the same tall-tale formula: Mater tells a story of something he has done in the past. When Lightning questions Mater over whether the events in the story actually occurred (or in some episodes asks him what he did next), Mater always claimed that Lightning was also involved and continues the story including Lightning's sudden participation. The shorts end with Mater leaving the scene, often followed by characters or references to the story that was being told, suggesting that story might be real.

Cars Toons: Tales from Radiator Springs (2013–2014)

Tales from Radiator Springs is a series of short animated films featuring the various residents of the titular location. The first three two-minute episodes - Hiccups, Bugged, and Spinning - premiered on March 22, 2013, on Disney Channel, and have been available online since March 24, 2013.[14] A fourth short in the series, titled The Radiator Springs 500 ½, was released in spring 2014 on the digital movie service Disney Movies Anywhere. It premiered on August 1, 2014, on Disney Channel. The short has a running time of 6 minutes rather than the usual two-minute running time.[15][16]

Cars on the Road (2022)

Main article: Cars on the Road

On December 10, 2020, during Disney's Investors Day event, Pixar announced that an animated series starring Lightning McQueen and Mater traveling the country while meeting friends, new and old, was in development.[17][18] On November 12, 2021, it was announced that the show would be titled Cars on the Road, and that Owen Wilson and Larry the Cable Guy would reprise their respective roles as Lightning McQueen and Mater.[19] It was released on Disney+ on September 8, 2022 as part of Disney+ Day.[20]

Cars short films

Mater and the Ghostlight (2006)

Main article: Mater and the Ghostlight

Mater and the Ghostlight is a 2006 Pixar animated short created for the DVD of the 2006 film Cars, which was released on October 25, 2006, in Australia and the United States on November 7, 2006.[21] The short, set in the Cars world, tells a story of Mater being haunted by a mysterious blue light.

Miss Fritter's Racing Skoool (2017)

Miss Fritter's Racing Skoool is a 2017 Pixar animated short created for the Blu-ray, 4K Ultra HD and DVD of Cars 3, which was released in the United States on November 7, 2017.[8] The short, set in the Cars world, follows the "blindsided testimonials from the Crazy 8's, touting the transformative impact Miss Fritter's Racing School has had in reshaping the direction of their lives".[22]

Pixar Popcorn shorts

In December 2020, two Cars short films were announced as part of Disney+'s Pixar Popcorn series, which was released on January 22, 2021.[23] As with most of the shorts present in this series, none of the characters have voice roles.

Unparalleled Parking (2021)

In this short, the cars have a friendly parallel parking competition.[24]

Dancing with the Cars (2021)

In this short, the residents of Radiator Springs show off their dancing skills at Flo's V8 Café.[24]

Planes film series

In 2013 Disneytoon Studios, Pixar's now-defunct sister company, released a spin-off film set in the Cars world titled Planes featuring planes as the main characters. The film was followed by a sequel titled Planes: Fire & Rescue in 2014.

Planes (2013)

Main article: Planes (film)

Planes is an animated Cars spin-off film produced by Disneytoon Studios and takes place after Cars 2. The first film in a planned duology[25] where the main characters are planes, the film was released in theaters by Walt Disney Pictures on August 9, 2013.[26] The film was directed by Klay Hall and executive produced by John Lasseter.[27] In the film, Dusty Crophopper, a small-town cropdusting plane, follows his dreams by competing in a world air race despite his fear of heights.

Planes: Fire & Rescue (2014)

Main article: Planes: Fire & Rescue

A sequel to Planes and for the spin-off media, titled Planes: Fire & Rescue, was theatrically released on July 18, 2014.[28] This film is also produced by Disneytoon Studios. Bobs Gannaway, co-developer of Jake and the Never Land Pirates and Mickey Mouse Clubhouse, and co-director of Mickey Mouse Works and Secret of the Wings, directed the film.[29] Lasseter again served as executive producer. In the film, Dusty is now a world-famous air racer, but learns he will never be able to race again due to an engine problem. After accidentally starting a fire, Dusty decides to become a firefighter and trains at Piston Peak Air Attack.

Planes short film

Vitaminamulch: Air Spectacular (2014)

A Planes short film titled Vitaminamulch: Air Spectacular was released on the DVD and Blu-ray of Planes: Fire & Rescue.[30] It was directed by Dan Abraham and executive produced by John Lasseter. In the short film, Dusty Crophopper and Chug need to replace two daredevils in an airshow Leadbottom is hosting. At first unsuccessful, Dusty and Chug accidentally start a series of events that captures the audience's attention, eventually completing the stunt.

Cancelled projects

To Protect and Serve

A fifth Tales from Radiator Springs short film, titled To Protect and Serve, was announced to be in development for a 2015 release.[31] However, it was never released.

The short would have been focused on Sheriff as he takes a mandatory vacation and leaves two rookies (voiced by Wendi McLendon-Covey and Aziz Ansari) to take over his duties as police officer. This, however, causes problems in Radiator Springs as the rookies over-do every aspect of their job in an attempt to score commendations, turning the town into a hotbed of taped-off crime scenes. Sheriff soon senses an imbalance and returns home to right the "justice" that has been served.

Untitled Planes sequel and spin-offs

At the D23 Expo held in July 2017, John Lasseter announced a third film in the Planes series. Tentatively titled Beyond the Sky,[32] the film would have explored the future of aviation in outer space. The film had a release date of April 12, 2019.[33] It was removed from the release schedule in March 2018,[34] and on June 28, shortly after the announcement of Lasseter's departure from Disney,[35] Disneytoon Studios was shut down, ending development on the film.[36]

Prior to its closure, the studio was planning several more spin-offs of the franchise focusing on boats, trains and other vehicles.[37] In November 2022, concept art for one of the proposed films, tentatively titled Metro, was leaked online.[38][39]


Box-office performance

Earning over $1.7 billion, Cars, including its Planes spin-off films, is the eleventh-highest grossing animated franchise.

In its opening weekend, the original Cars earned $60,119,509 in 3,985 theaters in the United States, ranking number one at the box office. In the United States, the film held onto the number one spot for two weeks before being surpassed by Click, and then by Superman Returns the following weekend. It went on to gross $461,983,149 worldwide (ranking number six in 2006 films) and $244,082,982 in the United States (the third-highest-grossing film of 2006 in the country, behind Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest and Night at the Museum). It was the highest grossing animated film of 2006 in the United States, but lost to Ice Age: The Meltdown in worldwide totals.[40]

Cars 2 has earned $191,452,396 in the United States and Canada, and $368,400,000 in other territories, for a worldwide total of $559,852,396.[41] Worldwide on its opening weekend, it made $109.0 million, marking the largest opening weekend for a 2011 animated title.[42]

Film Release date Box office gross Box office ranking Budget Ref.
North America Other
Worldwide All time
North America
All time
Cars June 9, 2006 $244,082,982 $218,133,298 $462,216,280 #115 #203 $120 million [40]
Cars 2 June 24, 2011 $191,452,396 $370,658,161 $562,110,557 #197 #145 $200 million [41]
Cars 3 June 16, 2017 $152,901,115 $230,988,036 $383,889,151 #319 #272 $175 million [43]
Cars films $588,436,493 $819,777,577 $1,408,214,070 $495 million [44]
Planes August 9, 2013 $90,256,456 $148,970,000 $239,258,712 #766 #556 $50 million [45]
Planes: Fire & Rescue July 18, 2014 $59,165,787 $92,220,853 $151,386,640 #1,315 $50 million [46]
Planes films $149,422,243 $241,190,853 $390,645,352 $100 million
Total $787,376,631 $990,307,950 $1,724,169,837 $595 million
List indicator(s)
  • A dark grey cell indicates the information is not available for the film.

Critical and public response

Each film is linked to the "Critical response" section of its article

Film Critical Public
Rotten Tomatoes Metacritic CinemaScore
Cars 75% (204 reviews)[47] 73 (39 reviews)[48] A[49]
Cars 2 40% (220 reviews)[50] 57 (38 reviews)[51] A−[49]
Planes 25% (122 reviews)[52] 39 (32 reviews)[53] A−[54]
Planes: Fire & Rescue 45% (96 reviews)[55] 48 (29 reviews)[56] A[57]
Cars 3 69% (234 reviews)[58] 59 (41 reviews)[59] A[49]

Awards and nominations

Main article: List of awards and nominations received by Cars

The first Cars film had a highly successful run during the 2006 awards season. Many film critic associations such as the Broadcast Film Critics Association and the National Board of Review named it the best Animated Feature Film of 2006. Cars also received the title of Best Reviewed Animated Feature of 2006 from Rotten Tomatoes. Randy Newman and James Taylor received a Grammy Award for the song "Our Town", which later went on to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Song (an award it lost to "I Need to Wake Up" from An Inconvenient Truth). The film also earned an Oscar nomination for Best Animated Feature, but it lost to Happy Feet. Cars was also selected as the Favorite Family Movie at the 33rd People's Choice Awards. The most prestigious award that Cars received was the inaugural Golden Globe Award for Best Animated Feature Film. Cars also won the highest award for animation in 2006, the Best Animated Feature Annie Award. The film was also nominated for AFI's 10 Top 10 in the "Animation" genre.[60]

Cast and characters

Main article: List of Cars characters

This is a list of characters from the 2006 film Cars, its 2011 and 2017 sequels Cars 2 and Cars 3, its 2013 and 2014 spin-off films Planes and Planes: Fire & Rescue, its 2006 and 2017 short films Mater and the Ghostlight and Miss Fritter's Racing Skoool, its 2014 spin-off short film Vitaminamulch: Air Spectacular, and its 2008 and 2022 television series Cars Toons and Cars on the Road.

Characters Cars film series Short films Television series Planes film series
Cars Cars 2 Cars 3 Mater and the Ghostlight Miss Fritter's Racing Skoool Vitaminamulch: Air Spectacular Cars Toons Cars on the Road Planes Planes:
Fire & Rescue
Lightning McQueen Owen Wilson Keith Ferguson Keith Ferguson Owen Wilson Photograph[61]
Owen Wilson
Sir Tow Mater Larry the Cable Guy Silent role Larry the Cable Guy
Doc Hudson
The Fabulous Hudson Hornet
Paul Newman Photograph Paul Newman[a] Paul Newman
Sally Carrera Bonnie Hunt Bonnie Hunt
Luigi Tony Shalhoub Silent role Silent role Tony Shalhoub
Guido Guido Quaroni Guido Quaroni
Ramone Cheech Marin Cheech Marin
Flo Jenifer Lewis Silent role Jenifer Lewis
Sarge Paul Dooley Paul Dooley Silent role Photograph[62]
Fillmore George Carlin Lloyd Sherr Silent role George Carlin[b] Lloyd Sherr
Lloyd Sherr
Sheriff Michael Wallis Michael Wallis Silent role
Lizzie Katherine Helmond Katherine Helmond
Red Joe Ranft[c] Silent role Jerome Ranft Silent role Jerome Ranft
Mack John Ratzenberger Silent role
Darrell Cartrip Darrell Waltrip
Brent Mustangburger Brent Musburger Brent Musburger
Van Richard Kind
Minny Edie McClurg
Bob Cutlass Bob Costas Deleted scene Bob Costas
Strip "The King" Weathers Richard Petty Richard Petty
Chick Hicks Michael Keaton Bob Peterson
Tex Dinoco Humpy Wheeler Humpy Wheeler
Rusty Rust-eze Tom Magliozzi Tom Magliozzi[d]
Dusty Rust-eze Ray Magliozzi Ray Magliozzi
Mia Lindsey Collins Lindsey Collins
Tia Elissa Knight Elissa Knight
DJ E.J. Holowicki E.J. Holowicki
Wingo Adrian Ochoa Adrian Ochoa
Boost Jonas Rivera Jonas Rivera
Sheriff Woody Tom Hanks
Buzz Lightyear Tim Allen
Hamm John Ratzenberger
Flik Dave Foley
P.T. Flea John Ratzenberger
Mike Wazowski Billy Crystal Silent cameo
Sulley John Goodman
Yeti John Ratzenberger
Lynda "Mrs. The King" Weathers Lynda Petty
"Junior"#8 Dale Earnhardt Jr.
"Mario Andretti"#11 Mario Andretti
Fred Andrew Stanton
Michael Schumacher Michael Schumacher
Snot Rod Lou Romano
Kori Turbowitz Sarah Clark
Harv Jeremy Piven
Jeremy Clarkson
Jerry Recycled Batteries Joe Ranft
Finn McMissile Deleted scene Michael Caine
Holley Shiftwell Emily Mortimer
Francesco Bernoulli John Turturro
Lewis Hamilton Lewis Hamilton
Shu Todoroki Erik Passoja
Nigel Gearsley Greg Ellis
Siddeley Jason Isaacs Silent cameo
Professor Zündapp Thomas Kretschmann
Grem Joe Mantegna
Acer Peter Jacobson Photograph
Victor Hugo Stanley Townsend
Vladimir Trunkov
Tubbs Pacer Brad Lewis
J. Curby Gremlin John Mainieri
Rod "Torque" Redline Bruce Campbell
Sir Miles Axlerod Eddie Izzard Photograph
Tomber Michel Michelis
Mama Topolino Vanessa Redgrave
Sophia Loren
Uncle Topolino Franco Nero
John Lassetire John Lasseter
Mach Matsuo N/A
Austin Littleton
David Hobbscap David Hobbs
Crabby the Boat Sig Hansen
The Queen Vanessa Redgrave
Prince Wheeliam N/A
Otis Jeff Garlin
Tony Trihull Lloyd Sherr
Jeff Gorvette Jeff Gordon
Carla Veloso Claudia Leitte
(BR only)
Cruz Ramirez Cristela Alonzo Cristela Alonzo Cristela Alonzo
Jackson Storm Armie Hammer Archive footage
Hamilton Lewis Hamilton
Natalie Certain Kerry Washington
River Scott Isiah Whitlock Jr.
Junior Moon Junior Johnson
Louise Nash Margo Martindale
Ray Reverham Ray Evernham
Sterling Nathan Fillion
Smokey Chris Cooper
Miss Fritter Lea DeLaria Lea DeLaria
Bobby Swift Angel Oquendo
Brick Yardley Diedrich Bader
Daniel Swervez Daniel Suárez
Ryan "Inside" Laney Ryan Blaney
Chase Racelott Chase Elliott
Cal Weathers Kyle Petty
Bubba Wheelhouse Bubba Wallace
Ivy Quinta Brunson
Mato Dana Powell
Mateo Oscar Camacho
Noriyuki Masa Kanome
Speed Demon Kathy Holly
Clutch Humboldt Matt Yang King
Margaret Motorray Toks Olagundoye
Griswold Gabby Sanalitro
Bella Cadavre Megan Cavanagh
Cap'n Long Leggy Thomas Bromhead
Chieftess Toks Olagundoye
Dusty Crophopper Dane Cook Dane Cook
Skipper Riley Stacy Keach Stacy Keach
Sparky Danny Mann Danny Mann
Chug Brad Garrett Brad Garrett
Dottie Teri Hatcher Teri Hatcher
Leadbottom Cedric the Entertainer Cedric the Entertainer
Roper Sinbad Sinbad
Ishani Priyanka Chopra
Ripslinger Roger Craig Smith Archive footage
El Chupacabra Carlos Alazraqui
Bulldog John Cleese
Ned Gabriel Iglesias
Rochelle Julia Louis-Dreyfus
Jessica Marais
(AUS and NZ)
Colin Cowling Colin Cowherd
Colin Cowherd
Lofty Crofty David Croft
Lil' Dipper Julie Bowen
Blade Ranger Ed Harris
Dynamite Regina King
Maru Curtis Armstrong
Windlifter Wes Studi
Cabbie Dale Dye
Cad Spinner John Michael Higgins
Pulaski Patrick Warburton


Film Director(s) Producer(s) Executive Producer(s) Writer(s) Composer(s) Editor(s)
Main series
Cars John Lasseter
co-directed by: Joe Ranft
Darla K. Anderson story by: John Lasseter, Joe Ranft & Jorgen Klubien
screenplay by: Dan Fogelman, John Lasseter, Joe Ranft, Kiel Murray, Phil Lorin & Jorgen Klubien
Randy Newman Ken Schretzmann
Cars 2 John Lasseter
co-directed by: Brad Lewis
Denise Ream story by: John Lasseter, Brad Lewis & Dan Fogelman
screenplay by: Ben Queen
Michael Giacchino Stephen Schaffer
Cars 3 Brian Fee Kevin Reher
co-produced by: Andrea Warren
John Lasseter story by: Brian Fee, Ben Queen, Eyal Podell & Jonathon E. Stewart
screenplay by: Kiel Murray, Bob Peterson & Mike Rich
Randy Newman Jason Hudak
Planes Klay Hall Traci Balthazor-Flynn John Lasseter story by: John Lasseter, Klay Hall & Jeffrey M. Howard
screenplay by: Jeffrey M. Howard
Mark Mancina Jeremy Milton
Planes: Fire & Rescue Bobs Gannaway Ferrell Barron Bobs Gannaway & Jeffrey M. Howard

Other media

Video games

In May 2007, the Cars video game was announced to be a "Platinum Hit" on the Xbox, "Greatest Hit" on the PlayStation 2 and PlayStation Portable, and Player's Choice on the GameCube. Two sequels were released, Cars Mater-National Championship and Cars Race-O-Rama. A video game based on Cars 2 was developed by Avalanche Software and published by Disney Interactive Studios for the PlayStation 3, Xbox 360, Wii, PC, and Nintendo DS on June 21, 2011.[63] The PlayStation 3 version of the game was reported to be compatible with stereoscopic 3D gameplay.[64] In October 2014, Gameloft released Cars: Fast as Lightning, a customizable, city-building racing game for smartphone platforms.[65][66] Lightning McQueen appears as a playable character in Lego The Incredibles which was released in June 2018,[67] and Rocket League in November 2023.

Video game Date released Game system compatible
  • NA: October 22, 2006
Xbox 360
  • PAL: November 16, 2006
  • AU: November 22, 2006
  • NA: November 15, 2006
  • PAL: December 7, 2006
  • AU: December 13, 2006
  • JP: March 21, 2007
  • NA: June 5, 2006
PS2, PSP, GameCube, Game Boy Advance, Nintendo DS
  • JP: July 5, 2006
  • PAL: July 13, 2006
  • NA: June 5, 2006
Windows, Xbox
  • PAL: July 13, 2006
  • NA: June 5, 2006
Cars: Radiator Springs Adventures
  • NA: June 6, 2006
Windows, Mac
  • PAL: July 14, 2006
Cars Mater-National Championship
  • NA: October 29, 2007
Wii, Nintendo DS, PS3, Xbox 360, Game Boy Advance, PS2, Windows
  • EU: November 30, 2007
  • AU: November 29, 2007
Cars Race-O-Rama
  • NA: October 12, 2009
Nintendo DS, PS2, PS3, PSP, Wii, Xbox 360
  • EU: October 30, 2009
The World of Cars Online
  • WW: June 29, 2010
Windows, Mac
Cars Toon: Mater's Tall Tales
  • WW: October 19, 2010
Cars 2
  • NA: June 21, 2011
Mac, Nintendo DS, Nintendo 3DS, PS3, PSP, Wii, iOS, Windows, Xbox 360
  • AU: June 23, 2011
  • EU: July 22, 2011
Kinect Rush: A Disney-Pixar Adventure[68]
  • NA: March 20, 2012
Xbox 360
Disney Infinity[69]
  • NA: August 18, 2013
Wii, Wii U, Xbox 360, PlayStation 3, Nintendo 3DS, Windows
  • EU: August 20, 2013
Cars 3: Driven to Win
  • NA: June 13, 2017
Nintendo Switch, PlayStation 3, PlayStation 4, Wii U, Xbox 360, Xbox One
  • PAL: July 14, 2017
  • JP: July 20, 2017

Similar films

From the start, at least two inspired or knock off direct to video series appeared, A Cars Life and The Little Cars, that amounted to being mockbusters.[70]

It has also been noted that the plot of Cars bears a striking resemblance to that of Doc Hollywood, the 1991 romantic comedy which stars Michael J. Fox as a hotshot young doctor, who, after causing a traffic accident in a small town, is sentenced to work at the town hospital, falls in love with a local law student and eventually acquires an appreciation for small town values.[71]

The Autobots

The Autobots was released in July 2015 by Chinese companies Bluemtv and G-Point. On January 1, 2017, Disney and Pixar were awarded damages in their lawsuit against the two companies. The Shanghai Pudong New Area People's Court ruled that the Chinese film titled The Autobots was an illegal copy of Cars thus fined the film's producer and distributor the equivalent of US$194,000. In his defense, director Zhuo Jianrong claimed he had never seen Cars.[72]

A Cars Life

A Cars Life was a series animated by the UAV Corporation, produced by Spark Plug Entertainment, and distributed by Allumination Filmworks. There were a total of three films issued from 2006 to 2017.[70] The series included A Car's Life: Sparky's Big Adventure (2006), Car's Life 2 (2011), Car's Life: Junkyard Blues (2017), which was made for television, and Car's Life 3: The Royal Heist (2017).

The Little Cars

The Little Cars is a big series animated by the Toyland Video (Vídeo Brinquedo) and distributed by Branscome International. There were a total of eight films issued from 2006 to 2011.[70] Toyland Video considers its "mockbuster" to be following a "Bollywood" approach of borrowing from Hollywood.[73]

Marcus Aurelius Canônico of Folha de S.Paulo described The Little Cars series (Os Carrinhos in Portuguese), a Brazilian computer graphics film series, as a derivative of Cars. Canônico discussed whether lawsuits from Pixar would appear. The Brazilian Ministry of Culture posted Marcus Aurelius Canônico's article on its website.[74]


The Mattel-produced 1/55 scale Toy Cars were some of the most popular toys of the 2006 Summer Season.[citation needed] Dozens of characters are represented, with some having multiple versions available. Several stores had trouble keeping the toys in stock, and some models are still difficult to find[citation needed] because of being shipped in lower numbers than other characters.[citation needed]

Some online Disney enthusiasts are comparing it to the same shortage that Mattel faced with its Toy Story line in 1995.[citation needed] On August 14, 2007, the die-cast Sarge car, made between May and July 2007, was recalled due to "impermissible levels of lead" used in the paint.[75] Another Cars product which followed the Disney-Pixar Cars Die-Cast Line were miniature versions of the characters which were painted in different colors to represent different events called Mini Adventures. Also, Lego has sets for the sequels.[76][77][78][79][80][81][82]

On June 22, 2006, Disney Consumer Products announced that Cars merchandise broke records for retail sales based on a Disney-Pixar product, recording 10-to-1 more volume than Finding Nemo.[83] DCP reports that product expansion will take place in the fall alongside the DVD release of the film. Mattel has announced that Cars toys will continue through 2008 with the release of at least 80 new vehicles.

A 36 car pack called "Motor Speedway of the South" will feature most of the race cars seen during the opening race sequence of the film. (This is also the name for the track race in the film) Estimates from the New York Daily News indicate that sales of Cars merchandise two weeks out from the release of the film amounted to US$600 million. Estimates put out in November by the Walt Disney Company peg total sales for the brand at around $1 billion.[84]

Kelley Blue Book, a resource for appraising values of vehicles, has humorously "appraised" four of the cars, Lightning McQueen, Mater, Sally Carrera, and Doc Hudson according to their make/model and personalities.[85] The United States Department of Transportation has used scenes from the film in a commercial regarding the Click It or Ticket campaign.

In conjunction with the film's release, a chocolate ice cream on a stick resembling a car tire was released in Australia. These ice creams were called "Burnouts". The naming of the particular product sparked controversy as the name "Burnouts" was believed to have encouraged street racing and committing burnouts. These acts are illegal and heavy fines and convictions are issued to those committing these acts in Australia. It is unknown as to whether the products have been discontinued. In Norway, the candy company Nidar produced candy with the characters on the outer packaging and pictures of the characters on the packaging of the assorted candy on the inside. These bags also came with Cars themed tattoos.

In the U.S., an animated Walmart truck can be seen on a Walmart advertisements for Cars. In the Walmart TV commercial Mater was talking to the Walmart truck. In South Africa, Italy, and several other countries where Opel is present (or with Opel models under Chevrolet and Vauxhall brand), GM has a campaign featuring a General Motors Astra, an Opel Meriva, and a General Motors Zafira as characters in the world of Cars, including TV ads made by Pixar, with the Opel models interacting with Lightning McQueen, Mater and Ramone.[86]

The first ad involved the Opels coming to Radiator Springs as tourists. The second involved their failed attempts at auditioning for Mater. In the end the Opels lost the part to the real Mater. In July 2006, greeting card giant Hallmark Cards unveiled its line of 2006 Keepsake Christmas ornaments. Among the collection was an ornament featuring Lightning McQueen and Mater. There is also a Cars children's clothing line, which produces various T-shirts and shorts.

Lightning McQueen apr MR-S

In Japan, Disney Japan and Toyota backed racing team Cars Racing replaced its racing car "Toy Story apr MR-S" and introduced the "Lightning McQueen apr MR-S" for the 2008 Super GT season. The car was based on the Toyota MR-S and the externals of the car were modeled on its of McQueen as much as possible.[87] This include their number change from their original No.101 to McQueen's #95. They won in Race 3 that season.

As of 2011, the Cars franchise has grossed over $10 billion in merchandise sales revenue.[88]

Theme park attractions

Cars Land

Main article: Cars Land

Cars Land is a 12-acre land located at Disney California Adventure[1] which contains an entire full-sized recreation of the town of Radiator Springs from the Cars franchise. The land includes restaurants, shops, and three rides: Mater's Junkyard Jamboree, Luigi's Rollickin' Roadsters, and Radiator Springs Racers,[89] the main "E-Ticket" attraction which is one of the most expensive rides Disney has ever built at a cost of over $200 million.[90] Radiator Springs Racers lets guests race against each other around Ornament Valley while encountering several Cars characters. Cars Land opened on June 15, 2012, with the completion of Disney California Adventure's expansion[91] along with Buena Vista Street.

Luigi's Rollickin' Roadsters opened on March 7, 2016, and replaced Luigi's Flying Tires, an original Cars Land ride which closed in February 2015 after complaints and injuries.[92]

Cars Four Wheels Rally

Main article: Cars Quatre Roues Rallye

Cars Four Wheels Rally (French: Cars Quatre Roues Rallye) is an attraction in Toon Studio at Walt Disney Studios Park at Disneyland Paris in 2007.[3][93] The ride opened one year after Cars showed its first screening on June 9, 2007.[citation needed] The attraction's setting is car service station in the small town of Radiator Springs located in the desert.[93] The attraction is surrounded by boulders which imitates the rocky formations of the Grand Canyon. The ride system is a highly themed Zamperla Demolition Derby.

Riders begin the attraction by sitting down in one of the generic car-shaped vehicles. The vehicles are located on one of the four spinning plateaus. The attraction's layout is similar to "Francis' Ladybug Boogie" attraction at Disney California Adventure and the "Whirlpool" at Tokyo DisneySea, as the vehicles automatically change from one spinning plateau to the next. The vehicles change plateaus while carrying out the rotation inversion of eight separate vehicles. Cars Race Rally was the first operating Disney ride themed to the Cars franchise.

Lightning McQueen's Racing Academy

Main article: Lightning McQueen's Racing Academy

Lightning McQueen's Racing Academy is a living character show attraction hosted by Lightning McQueen located in Sunset Boulevard in Disney's Hollywood Studios that opened on March 31, 2019. Lightning McQueen's Racing Academy is the first of many new attractions coming to Hollywood Studios, part of its shift from studio-like attractions to attractions featuring Disney properties such as Star Wars, Pixar, and Marvel.

Much like the existing Monsters, Inc. Laugh Floor in Magic Kingdom's Tomorrowland, Turtle Talk with Crush in several Disney parks (including Epcot), and Stitch Encounter in the non-American Disney parks, Lightning McQueen's Racing Academy lets guests interact with the character. The other attractions have actors voice the characters, which are manipulated via digital puppetry — the manipulation of digital animated figures in real time.

While the other cars of the Cars films — Mater, Sally Carrera, and Cruz Ramirez, for instance — appear on screens during the show, Lightning appears in physical car form.


  1. ^ Paul Newman, who died in the year 2008, appears in Cars 3 through the use of unused recordings from the first film and Mater and the Ghostlight.
  2. ^ George Carlin, who died in the year 2008, appears in "Cars Toons"' through the use of unused recordings from the first film.
  3. ^ Joe Ranft, who died in the year 2005, appears in Cars through the use of unused recordings from Toy Story 1 and 2, A Bug's Life, Monsters INC., and Finding Nemo.
  4. ^ Tom Magliozzi, who died in the year 2014, appears in Cars 3 through the use of unused recordings from the first film.


  1. ^ a b c d C. Chmielewski, Dawn; Keegan, Rebecca (June 21, 2011). "Merchandise sales drive Pixar's 'Cars' franchise". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on July 9, 2013. Retrieved July 13, 2013. In the five years since its 2006 release, "Cars" has generated global retail sales approaching $10 billion, according to Disney. That ranks the Pixar film alongside such cinematic merchandising standouts as "Star Wars," "Spider-Man" and "Harry Potter," as well as its own paean to playthings, "Toy Story," according to researcher NPD.
  2. ^ Adler, Shawn (November 3, 2006). "Pulling Back The Curtain At Pixar's Studios, Where 'Story Is King'". MTV News. Viacom. Archived from the original on March 12, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
  3. ^ a b "New rides, shows to open at Disney theme parks". Los Angeles Times. Bloomberg News. January 5, 2007. Archived from the original on March 12, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
  4. ^ McClintock, Pamela (October 8, 2015). "'Cars 3' and 'Incredibles 2' Get Release Dates; 'Toy Story 4' Bumped a Year". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 20, 2016. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
  5. ^ "Will Pixar Ever Do Cars 4?". April 27, 2017. Archived from the original on November 7, 2017. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
  6. ^ Brayson, Johnny (June 12, 2017). "Is 'Cars 3' The Last Cars Movie? The Franchise Could Keep Riding For Years". Archived from the original on November 7, 2017. Retrieved October 30, 2017.
  7. ^ "What Cars 4 Should Be About, According to Owen Wilson". June 16, 2017. Archived from the original on October 22, 2017. Retrieved October 23, 2017.
  8. ^ a b "Cars 3 Star Wants Miss Fritters Movie". Screen Rant. November 6, 2017. Archived from the original on November 11, 2017. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
  9. ^ "Pixar Reportedly Developing New Cars Projects". [MovieWeb]. December 29, 2023. Retrieved December 29, 2023.
  10. ^ "'Cars 4' is Happening at Pixar". [World of Reel]. December 27, 2023. Retrieved December 27, 2023.
  11. ^ "Cars 4 Gets Exciting Update From Pixar". [CBR]. December 28, 2023. Retrieved December 28, 2023.
  12. ^ Zahed, Ramin (September 26, 2008). "Mater Stars in Own Mini-Show on Disney". Animation Magazine. Archived from the original on January 12, 2014. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
  13. ^ Weiner, David (August 17, 2011). "ET Exclusive: 'Air Mater' Takes Flight". ET Online. Archived from the original on September 20, 2011. Retrieved October 29, 2011.
  14. ^ Rizvi, Samad (March 22, 2013). "Three 'Cars' Shorty Shorts Debut Tonight On Disney Channel". The Pixar Times. Archived from the original on March 27, 2013. Retrieved March 24, 2013.
  15. ^ Labrecque, Jeff (March 13, 2014). "Lightning McQueen revs his engine off-road in Pixar's new Radiator Springs short -- EXCLUSIVE". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on March 13, 2014. Retrieved March 13, 2014.
  16. ^ "Get Your Motor Running: A New Pixar Cars Toon Is Coming to Disney Channel". Disney Insider. August 1, 2014. Archived from the original on August 1, 2014. Retrieved August 1, 2014.
  17. ^ Radulovic, Petrana (December 10, 2020). "Sorry, not sorry, Pixar is making a Cars show". Polygon. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved December 11, 2020.
  18. ^ "Every Pixar Project Announced at Disney's Investor Day, From Lightyear To Turning Red". Comic Book Resources. December 11, 2020. Archived from the original on December 19, 2020. Retrieved February 15, 2021.
  19. ^ "Rev your engines: Owen Wilson and Larry the Cable Guy return to voice Lightning McQueen and Mater in the #DisneyPlus Original Series: Cars on the Road, streaming in 2022! #DisneyPlusDay".
  20. ^ Milligan, Mercedes (August 1, 2022). "Trailer: Pixar Original Series 'Cars on the Road' Revs Up for Disney+". Animation Magazine. Retrieved August 1, 2022.
  21. ^ "SMASH HIT #1 ANIMATED MOVIE OF THE YEAR!" (Press release). Pixar. August 10, 2006. Archived from the original on December 24, 2008. Retrieved July 27, 2011.
  22. ^ "Cars 3 Digital And Blu-ray Release Dates Announced". Movies. Archived from the original on July 11, 2019. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  23. ^ "Pixar Popcorn Trailer: Toy Story & Incredibles Characters Return In New Stories". ScreenRant. January 20, 2021. Archived from the original on January 20, 2021. Retrieved January 21, 2021.
  24. ^ a b "Watch Pixar Popcorn | Full episodes | Disney+". Retrieved August 23, 2022.
  25. ^ Armstrong, Josh (March 1, 2013). "Planes trilogy confirmed; Cryer's recasting discussed". Animated Views. Archived from the original on March 8, 2013. Retrieved March 1, 2013.
  26. ^ "Disney Sets Cars Spinoff Planes for a Theatrical Release". December 21, 2012. Archived from the original on December 24, 2012. Retrieved January 13, 2013.
  27. ^ DeMott, Rick (August 23, 2011). "Jon Cryer Leads Voice Cast For DisneyToon's Planes". DisneyToon Studio. Archived from the original on December 2, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2011 – via Animation World Network.
  28. ^ Fleming, Mike (June 13, 2013). "More Disney Release Dates: Two New Marvel Pics, 'Alexander', 'Hundred-Foot Journey', 'Into The Woods', 'Planes' Sequel Slotted". Deadline. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved June 14, 2013.
  29. ^ "D23 Expo: New Art From the Upcoming Disney, Pixar and Disneytoon Movies". August 9, 2013. Archived from the original on August 11, 2013. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  30. ^ Wolfe, Jennifer (September 15, 2014). "Disney's 'Planes: Fire & Rescue' Flies to Shelves Nov. 4". Animation World Network. Archived from the original on February 3, 2016. Retrieved January 11, 2016.
  31. ^ "Exclusive First Look at the Upcoming Cars Toon 'To Protect and Serve' - Updated". Pixar Post. October 30, 2014. Retrieved November 15, 2022.
  32. ^ Disney's Beyond The Sky - Two Clips in One video, retrieved November 14, 2022
  33. ^ "Space Movie Announced by DisneyToon Studios". July 14, 2017. Archived from the original on April 16, 2020. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  34. ^ Foutch, Haliegh (March 1, 2018). "Disney Announces a Slew of New Marvel, Live-Action and Animation Release Dates Through 2023". Collider. Archived from the original on January 26, 2019. Retrieved March 1, 2018.
  35. ^ Kreps, Daniel (June 9, 2018). "Pixar's John Lasseter to Leave Disney After 'Missteps,' Sabbatical". Rolling Stone. Retrieved November 14, 2022.
  36. ^ Desowitz, Bill (June 28, 2018). "Disney Shuts Down Disney Studios in Glendale: Exclusive". IndieWire. Archived from the original on June 29, 2018. Retrieved June 28, 2018.
  37. ^ "Bob Hilgenberg and Rob Muir on the Rise and Fall of Disney's Circle 7 Animation – Animated Views". Retrieved November 14, 2022. Yes, we heard that they were developing other films in the franchise, Boats and Trains. But, beyond seeing some visual development, we don't know what, if any, of the films will be put into production.
  38. ^ Fischerman, Dan. "Losing it at these Pixar concept images for a proposed 'Cars' spinoff called 'Metro'". Twitter. Retrieved November 14, 2022.
  39. ^ Loter, Steve. "@FischermanDan This was my film that I developed at Disneytoons. I had an amazing team and it would have been an incredible film". Twitter. Retrieved November 14, 2022.
  40. ^ a b "Cars". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on September 18, 2010. Retrieved June 2, 2009.
  41. ^ a b "Cars 2". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on July 2, 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
  42. ^ "WORLDWIDE OPENINGS". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on June 23, 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
  43. ^ "Cars 3 (2017) - Box Office Mojo". Archived from the original on June 19, 2017. Retrieved April 17, 2020.
  44. ^ "Franchises - Cars". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on November 17, 2015. Retrieved November 15, 2015.
  45. ^ "Planes". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on February 9, 2019. Retrieved August 10, 2013.
  46. ^ "Planes: Fire & Rescue". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on July 19, 2014. Retrieved July 19, 2014.
  47. ^ "Cars". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved October 5, 2021. Edit this at Wikidata
  48. ^ "Cars". Metacritic. Fandom, Inc. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
  49. ^ a b c D'Alessandro, Anthony (June 18, 2017). "'Cars 3' $53M+ Is 3rd Best Debut For Pixar Series; 'Wonder Woman' Still Wows With $40M+; 'All Eyez On Me' Solid". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on April 22, 2022. Retrieved April 30, 2022.
  50. ^ "Cars 2". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved October 5, 2021. Edit this at Wikidata
  51. ^ "Cars 2". Metacritic. Fandom, Inc. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
  52. ^ "Planes". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved April 30, 2022. Edit this at Wikidata
  53. ^ "Planes". Metacritic. Fandom, Inc. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
  54. ^ Finke, Nikki (August 12, 2013). "'Elysium' #1 But Can't Break $30M, 'The Millers' #2, 'Planes' #3, 'Percy Jackson: Monsters' #4; 'Smurfs 2' Now $156M Global". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on May 7, 2021. Retrieved April 30, 2022.
  55. ^ "Planes: Fire & Rescue". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved April 12, 2022. Edit this at Wikidata
  56. ^ "Planes: Fire & Rescue". Metacritic. Fandom, Inc. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
  57. ^ McClintock, Pamela (July 19, 2014). "Box Office: 'Purge 2' Wins Friday With $13M; 'Sex Tape,' 'Planes 2' Stall Out". Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on April 30, 2022. Retrieved April 30, 2022.
  58. ^ "Cars 3". Rotten Tomatoes. Fandango Media. Retrieved October 10, 2021. Edit this at Wikidata
  59. ^ "Cars 3". Metacritic. Fandom, Inc. Retrieved April 12, 2022.
  60. ^ "AFI's 10 Top 10 Official Ballot" (PDF). AFI. p. 8. Archived from the original (PDF) on August 7, 2011. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  61. ^ "Lightning McQueen in Planes: Fire & Rescue". Archived from the original on February 26, 2021. Retrieved June 10, 2021.
  62. ^ "Sarge in Planes: Fire & Rescue". Archived from the original on September 22, 2019. Retrieved September 22, 2019.
  63. ^ "Disney Pixar's Cars 2: The Video Game Revving Up for Release Summer 2011". IGN. February 14, 2011. Archived from the original on June 19, 2011. Retrieved April 14, 2011.
  64. ^ "Cars 2 Playstation 3 Game Will Be 3D". BSCKiDS. April 6, 2011. Archived from the original on April 14, 2011. Retrieved April 14, 2011.
  65. ^ "Cars: Fast as Lightning Review: Build and race, young'uns". October 14, 2014. Archived from the original on February 2, 2017. Retrieved January 27, 2017.
  66. ^ Gameloft (October 9, 2014). "Gameloft and Disney Interactive Release Cars: Fast as Lightning for Smartphones and Tablets" (Press release). PR Newswire. Archived from the original on November 23, 2016. Retrieved November 22, 2016.
  67. ^ Balanza, Albert (May 24, 2018). "The Lego Incredibles Video Game Will Include Secret Playable Disney Pixar Characters". Brick Show. Retrieved July 20, 2018.
  68. ^ Narcisse, Evan (December 8, 2011). "Pixar Teams Up With Microsoft For Kinect Rush". Kotaku. Archived from the original on June 9, 2013. Retrieved December 9, 2011.
  69. ^ Lang, Derrik J. (January 15, 2013). "Disney unveils own 'Skylanders'-like franchise". Businessweek. Archived from the original on May 24, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
  70. ^ a b c Edwards, C. (January 8, 2014). "The Ultimate Guide to Animated Mockbusters". Cartoon Brew. Archived from the original on March 15, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
  71. ^ Lemire, Christy (June 7, 2006). "Cars rolls along like an animated Doc Hollywood". Archived from the original on September 21, 2010. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  72. ^ Frater, Patrick (December 30, 2016). "Disney Wins 'Cars' Copyright Case in China". Variety. Archived from the original on February 4, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017.
  73. ^ Rossi, Jones (July 8, 2007). "Brazilian studio succeeds 'cloning' to Disney". (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved March 9, 2017. Google translation Archived March 8, 2021, at the Wayback Machine.
  74. ^ "Vídeo Brinquedo faz sucesso com desenhos como "Os Carrinhos" e "Ratatoing"" (in Portuguese). Ministry of Culture. Archived from the original on April 29, 2008.
  75. ^ "Pixar Cars Sarge Lead Paint Hazard Recall". Mattel Consumer Relations Answer Center. Archived from the original on February 8, 2009. Retrieved June 2, 2009.
  76. ^ "Cars 2 promo set". Brickset. May 26, 2011. Archived from the original on December 25, 2019. Retrieved May 26, 2011.
  77. ^ "Another Cars polybag". Brickset. June 10, 2011. Archived from the original on December 25, 2019. Retrieved June 10, 2011.
  78. ^ "Cars 2 sets now available for pre-order". Brickset. May 9, 2011. Archived from the original on December 25, 2019. Retrieved May 9, 2011.
  79. ^ "Cars 2 checklist". Brickset. May 29, 2011. Archived from the original on December 25, 2019. Retrieved May 29, 2011.
  80. ^ "Rebrick competition: Build your own Cars 3 poster". Brickset. Archived from the original on December 25, 2019. Retrieved May 2, 2017.
  81. ^ "Juniors Cars 3 images". Brickset. April 12, 2017. Archived from the original on December 25, 2019. Retrieved April 12, 2017.
  82. ^ "Take To The Track With LEGO Juniors Cars 3 Range". Bricksfanz. July 14, 2017. Archived from the original on December 25, 2019. Retrieved July 14, 2017.
  83. ^ "Disney Shows Muscle with Boys Properties" (PDF). Disney. June 22, 2006. Archived (PDF) from the original on June 8, 2011. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  84. ^ Katie Marsal (November 10, 2006). "Disney sells 5 million copies of Pixar's Cars in two days". AppleInsider. Retrieved June 2, 2009.[permanent dead link]
  85. ^ "'CARS' Lightning McQueen Reported to Have $1.5 Million Blue Book Value". Kelley Blue Book. June 8, 2006. Archived from the original on April 25, 2012. Retrieved September 18, 2011.
  86. ^ Nunez, Alex (July 21, 2006). "Opels brought to life by Pixar". Autoblog. Archived from the original on November 12, 2011. Retrieved November 2, 2011.
  87. ^ "【SUPER GT】「カーズ」レーシングチーム始動!" (in Japanese). March 3, 2008. Archived from the original on April 9, 2008. Retrieved May 4, 2008.
  88. ^ "Pixar boss reveals Cars movie merchandise made $10bn". BBC News. 2011. Archived from the original on January 16, 2016. Retrieved July 5, 2016.
  89. ^ Malloy, Betsy (February 14, 2017). "Everything You Need to Know About California Adventure Rides". Travel. Archived from the original on March 14, 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
  90. ^ MacDonald, Brady (November 17, 2007). "Disney's tow truck ride: noise, nausea". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on February 27, 2011. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
  91. ^ McKinley, Jesse (July 19, 2012). "Test Driving Disney's New Cars Land". The New York Times. Archived from the original on March 14, 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
  92. ^ Martin, Hugo (February 26, 2016). "Disney California Adventure set to open a new Cars Land ride March 7". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on March 14, 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
  93. ^ a b Rowan Kelleher, Rowan Kelleher (November 20, 2016). "Ratatouille the Adventure at Disneyland Paris". Travel. Archived from the original on March 14, 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2017.