Jeph Loeb
Loeb speaking at the
2019 San Diego Comic-Con
BornJoseph Loeb III
Stamford, Connecticut, U.S.[1][2]
Area(s)Writer, executive producer
Notable works
Comics: Batman: Hush, Batman: The Long Halloween, Daredevil: Yellow, Hulk: Gray, Spider-Man: Blue, Superman/Batman
Film and television: Commando, Lost, Teen Wolf, Runaways, Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D., Marvel's Netflix television series, Cloak and Dagger, Adventure into Fear
AwardsNominated Emmy Award, WGA Award HEROES Season 1,

Eisner Awards (4 times), Wizard Awards (5 times), Jules Verne Award,

Honorary Doctorate, St. Edwards University Austin Texas, Inkpot Award[3]

Joseph "Jeph" Loeb III (/lb/) is an American film and television writer, producer and comic book writer. Loeb was a producer/writer on the TV series Smallville and Lost, writer for the films Commando and Teen Wolf, and a writer and co-executive producer on the NBC TV show Heroes from its premiere in 2006 to November 2008.[4] From 2010 to 2019, Loeb was the Head of and Executive Vice President of Marvel Television.[5][6]

A four-time Eisner Award winner and five-time Wizard Fan Awards winner, Loeb's comic book work, which has appeared on the New York Times Best Seller list, includes work on many major characters, including Spider-Man, Batman, Superman, Hulk, Captain America, Cable, Iron Man, Daredevil, Supergirl, the Avengers, and Buffy the Vampire Slayer, much of which he has produced in collaboration with artist Tim Sale.

Early life

Jeph Loeb was raised in a Jewish family[7][8] in Stamford, Connecticut.[1][2] He began collecting comic books during the summer of 1970.[9]

His stepfather was a vice-president at Brandeis University, where Jeph met one of his mentors and greatest influences in comic book writing, the writer Elliot Maggin.[10][11] Jeph attended Columbia University.[12][13] He graduated with a Bachelor of Arts and a Master's degree in Film.[6][14] His instructors included Paul Schrader.[15]


Film and television

Loeb's debut in filmmaking was his collaboration with Matthew Weisman in authoring the script of Teen Wolf. The film was released on August 23, 1985, and was a notable starring role for Michael J. Fox. Loeb and Weisman then collaborated in writing the script of Commando. The film was released on October 4, 1985, and starred Arnold Schwarzenegger.[16] His next screen credit was the film Burglar, released on March 20, 1987. The plot was based on the novels of Lawrence Block about fictional burglar Bernie Rhodenbarr. His collaborators were Weisman and Hugh Wilson.

The film was atypical for the time, featuring a female comedic role for starring actress Whoopi Goldberg.[17] His second film that year was Teen Wolf Too, a sequel of Teen Wolf, which was co-written by Weisman and Tim Kring. The film was released on November 20, 1987. The film featured teen idol Jason Bateman and veteran actor John Astin. Loeb would re-team with Kring almost two decades later for the TV series Heroes. Four years later, Loeb was working on a script for The Flash as a feature with Warner Bros. While the script deal fell through, Loeb met then publisher Jenette Kahn who asked Loeb to write a comic book for DC Comics.

In 2002, Jeph Loeb wrote the script for the episode of Smallville, entitled "Red", which introduced Red kryptonite into the series. He became a supervising producer and has written many episodes since then. He signed a three-year contract, and although producers Miles Millar and Alfred Gough offered to keep him on for future seasons, Loeb left to care for his son, who had cancer (See Comics career below).[18]

Loeb later became a writer/producer on the ABC TV series Lost during that show's second season. Leaving Lost, Loeb went on to become Co-Executive Producer and writer on the NBC drama Heroes, which his colleague Tim Kring had created. Loeb wrote the teleplay for the first-season episodes "One Giant Leap" and "Unexpected". The show prominently features the artwork of Tim Sale, Loeb's longtime comics collaborator.[19]

The series was nominated for the 2007 Emmy Award for Outstanding Drama Series, and a Writers Guild of America award for Best New Series. It won the People's Choice Award for Favorite New TV Drama, as well the Saturn Award for Best Network Television Series. It was also nominated for the Golden Globe Award for Best Dramatic Television Series.[20]

Loeb and Tim Kring were presented with the Jules Verne Award for Artistic Achievement at the Jules Verne Festival in Paris, France, on April 22, 2007, for their work on Heroes.[21] Loeb himself was also presented with a belated 2005 Jules Verne Award for Best Writing for his work on Smallville, which he had not previously been given because his trip to the Festival that year had been cancelled due to his son's ill health.[22]

On November 2, 2008, Daily Variety reported that Loeb and fellow Heroes co-executive producer, Jesse Alexander, were no longer employed on the series. In an interview with Comic Book Resources, Loeb stated, "As of today, Jesse Alexander and I have left Heroes. I'm incredibly proud to have been a big part of the success a show with eight Emmy nods and a win this year for I will miss the superb cast and writing staff and wish everyone the best." At the time, Loeb had completed writing and producing the third-season episode, "Dual".[4][23]

On June 28, 2010, Marvel Entertainment, as part of its expansion into television, appointed Loeb to the position of Executive Vice President, Head of Television of the newly created Marvel Television, in which Loeb would work with publisher Dan Buckley, to create both live-action and animated shows based on Marvel's catalog of characters.[5][6] During his time as the head of Marvel Television, he executive produced live-action shows within the Marvel Cinematic Universe such as Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D, Agent Carter, and Inhumans, shows on Netflix such as Daredevil, Jessica Jones, Iron Fist, The Punisher, Luke Cage, and the miniseries The Defenders, along with younger adult shows like Runaways and Cloak and Dagger, and other live action or animated shows based on Marvel characters like MODOK, The Gifted, Legion, Helstrom.

In October 2019, Marvel Studios President Kevin Feige was promoted to Chief Creative Officer of Marvel Entertainment, which includes Marvel Television, prompting Loeb to leave the company after nearly a decade. Loeb had been planning his departure, however, before Feige's promotion.[24][25]

Comics career

Loeb is known for his extensive use of narration boxes as monologues to reveal the inner thoughts of characters, though the character interactions he writes are sparse in terms of dialogue.[15]

Jeph Loeb's first comic work was Challengers of the Unknown vol. 2 #1 – #8 (March -October 1991), which was the first of many collaborations with Tim Sale.[26] Their later collaborations included the "Year 1"-centered Batman: Legends of the Dark Knight Halloween Specials;[27] Batman: The Long Halloween,[28] a 13-issue limited series; and Batman: Dark Victory,[29] a 14-issue limited series set in the first years of the hero's career. The Long Halloween was one of three noted comics that influenced the 2005 feature film Batman Begins, the others being Batman: The Man Who Falls and Batman: Year One.[30] Other Loeb-Sale collaborations at DC include the Superman for All Seasons limited series[31] and Catwoman: When in Rome.[32]

At Marvel Comics, Loeb worked on the "Age of Apocalypse" crossover storyline in 1995[33] and co-created the X-Man character with artist Steve Skroce.[34] Loeb wrote the "Heroes Reborn" version of Captain America in 1996–1997[35] He and Tim Sale crafted several limited series for Marvel including Daredevil: Yellow[36] Spider-Man: Blue,[37] and Hulk: Gray.[38]

Loeb became the writer of Superman with issue #151 (Dec. 1999). His tenure on the title, largely drawn by Ed McGuinness, included the "Emperor Joker"[39] and "Our Worlds at War"[40] crossovers. He left Superman with issue #183 (August 2002). At the end of 2002, Loeb teamed with artist Jim Lee to create the year-long story arc "Batman: Hush",[41] which spawned three lines of toys, posters and calendars, and sat at the #1 spot for eleven of the twelve months it was in publication. The following year, Loeb and McGuinness launched Superman/Batman.[42] Loeb's run on the title spawned a new ongoing Supergirl series,[43] and an animated film adapted from Loeb's "Public Enemies" story arc.[44]

After signing an exclusive contract with Marvel in September 2005, Loeb launched Hulk with artist Ed McGuinness, in which he introduced the Red Hulk.[45]

In 2006, Loeb chose his hometown of Stamford, Connecticut, to be subject to superhero destruction in the first issue of the 2006–2007 Marvel miniseries Civil War, the central title of the crossover storyline of the same name.[46][1] That same year, Marvel announced an untitled Spider-Man series by Loeb and J. Scott Campbell, to be released "sometime in 2007".[47] The series was subsequently cancelled and then brought back on the schedule in 2010, with a 2011 article mentioning it's "still being worked on".[48] In 2021, Campbell confirmed that the project has been cancelled despite having two fully pencilled issues.[49]

In 2007, Jeph wrote the miniseries Fallen Son: The Death of Captain America, which used the five stages of grief as a motif to explore reactions of various characters of the Marvel Universe to the loss of the assassinated Captain America.[50] The first issue ranked No. 1 in sales for April 2007,[51] and the fifth and final issue, dated July 4, 2007, was the "Funeral for Captain America", which was covered by the Associated Press and The Washington Post.[52]

Loeb wrote two miniseries for the Ultimate Marvel Universe. His work on The Ultimates 3 in 2007, with artist Joe Madureira, was panned by critics for its use of transgressive sexual and violent content for shock value "without the political relevance or epic pacing of the first two volumes." In 2008, Loeb returned to the Ultimate Universe with artist David Finch for the critically reviled five-issue miniseries Ultimatum. Described in a 2015 Vulture retrospective as "one of the biggest creative disasters in comics history", Ultimatum's gratuitous murder scenes permanently damaged sales across the entire Ultimate Universe and in the long run brought about its cancellation. "Over the course of just five issues, 34 different heroes and villains were murdered, often by gruesome means: Doctor Strange was squeezed until his head exploded; Magneto was decapitated; the Blob ate the Wasp and, while holding her half-devoured corpse, belched out, 'Tastes like chicken'; and so on." The review site Let's Be Friends Again described Ultimatum as “a base and insulting comic book.” Critic Jason Kerouac wrote, "Ultimatum #5 could quite possibly be the single worst piece of writing in recorded history."[53]

A Captain America: White limited series was announced in 2008 but only a #0 issue was published. The long-delayed project was scheduled to finally see print in September 2015.[54]

Loeb shares his writing studio, The Empath Magic Tree House, with Geoff Johns and Allan Heinberg.[55][56]

Personal life

Loeb's son, Sam, died on June 17, 2005, at the age of 17, after a three-year battle with bone cancer. In June 2006, Sam had a story published in Superman/Batman #26, which was nearly completed before his death. His father finished the work with the help of 25 other writers and artists, all of whom were friends of Sam, including Geoff Johns, John Cassaday, Ed McGuinness, Joe Madureira, Rob Liefeld, and Joss Whedon. The issue also featured a tale titled "Sam's Story", dedicated to Sam, in which a boy named Sam serves as the inspiration for Clark Kent to later become Superman.[57]

Racial controversy

During Loeb's tenure as the head of Marvel Television, the Netflix shows Daredevil, Iron Fist and The Defenders were criticized for promoting negative stereotypes of East Asians and East Asian culture.[58][59][60] Following the controversy surrounding Iron Fist's casting, Loeb defended the casting of white actor Finn Jones, emphasizing that Danny Rand's status as an "outsider" was a vital theme of the show.[61]

While promoting the second season of Iron Fist at San Diego Comic-Con 2018, Loeb appeared on stage wearing a karate gi and headband as part of a comic bit with Iron Fist actress Jessica Henwick, who forced him to remove the costume. The stunt was heavily criticized as culturally insensitive.[62][63][64]

During the #SaveDaredevilCon panel for Comic-Con@Home in July 2020, Peter Shinkoda, a Canadian actor of Japanese descent who played recurring villain Nobu Yoshioka on Daredevil, suggested that Loeb forced the show's writers to drop proposed storylines fleshing out Nobu and fellow recurring villain Madame Gao. Shinkoda accused Loeb of explaining to writers that "there were three previous Marvel movies, a trilogy called Blade that was made where Wesley Snipes killed 200 Asians each movie. Nobody gives a shit so don’t write about Nobu and Gao."[65][66][67] Shinkoda also claimed that he and Gao's actress Wai Ching Ho were not invited to the season 2 premiere of Daredevil and received less payment than the extras. Co-star Tommy Walker said that Daredevil and Defenders showrunner Doug Petrie had previously pitched a multiracial Asian American version of Iron Fist to Marvel Television in early development, but was rejected by Loeb.[68][69]


Awards and nominations

Eisner Awards

Eisner Nominations

Wizard Fan Awards

Critical reaction

Many of Loeb's books, such as Batman: The Long Halloween, Superman For All Seasons, and the Marvel "color" books (Daredevil: Yellow, Spider-Man: Blue, Hulk: Gray) have garnered critical praise,[75] and have been adapted into other media.[30][44]

Hulk #1, in which Loeb introduced the Red Hulk, was the #1 selling comic book for January 2008.[76] Subsequent issues sold well,[77][78][79] but received mixed to negative reviews.[80][81][82][83] Issues #7–9 of the series, along with King-Size Hulk #1, were collected into a trade paperback volume, Hulk: Red and Green, which made the New York Times Graphic Books Best Seller List in May 2009 (as did Buffy the Vampire Slayer Season 8, Volume 4, on which Loeb collaborated).[84]

The first issue of Loeb's The Ultimates 3 continued the series' history of ranking at No. 1 in sales,[85] though the series was much less well-received critically than its predecessors.[86][87][88][89][90]

The first issue of Ultimatum ranked No. 1 in sales for November 2008.[91] At Weekly Comic Book Review, Andrew C. Murphy gave it a B+, praising David Finch's art, while Ben Berger gave it a C, opining that there was too much exposition, but praising Finch's art.[87] The rest of the series, however, received more negative reviews.[92] IGN's Jesse Schedeen gave the series' final issue a scathing review, saying, "Ultimatum is one of the worst comics I have ever read," and called it "the ultimate nightmare."[93] Points of criticism among these reviews included the level of graphic violence, which included cannibalism, and the notion that the series was sold on the basis of its shock value,[94] with some reviewers singling out Loeb's dialogue, characterization and storytelling,[75][95] others asserting the story's lack of originality,[96][97] or opining that the series would've been better suited to someone who had previously been more involved with the Ultimate line, such as Brian Michael Bendis or Mark Millar.[98]

In 2009 Ultimates 3 and Ultimatum were included on Comics Alliance's list of The 15 Worst Comics of the Decade.[99]


DC Comics

Marvel Comics

Heroes Reborn

Ultimate Comics

Awesome Entertainment

Other publishers








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  34. ^ Manning "1990s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 273: "Created by writer Jeph Loeb and artist Steve Skroce, X-Man was perhaps the most popular character to emerge out of the 'Age of Apocalypse' event."
  35. ^ Manning "1990s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 280: "Steve Rogers earned a fresh start in the Heroes Reborn universe by writer Jeph Loeb and artist Rob Liefeld."
  36. ^ Manning "2000s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 306: "The creative team of writer Jeph Loeb and artist Tim Sale...examined the early life of some of Marvel's iconic characters. First they tackled Daredevil in this six-issue miniseries."
  37. ^ Manning "2000s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 312: "Jeph Loeb and Tim Sale reunited for their second examination of the origins of Marvel's icons with this six-issue miniseries."
  38. ^ Manning "2000s" in Gilbert (2008), p. 317: "The team of writer Jeph Loeb and artist Tim Sale united once again for this six-issue miniseries retelling the Hulk's origin."
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Preceded byGlenn Herdling Cable writer 1994–1997 Succeeded byTodd Dezago Preceded byn/a X-Man writer 1995 Succeeded byJohn Ostrander Preceded byFabian Nicieza X-Force writer 1995–1997 Succeeded byJohn Francis Moore Preceded byMark Waid Captain America writer 1996–1997(with Rob Liefeld) Succeeded byJames Robinson Preceded byScott Lobdell Iron Man writer 1997 Succeeded byKurt Busiek Preceded byDan Jurgens Superman writer 1999–2002 Succeeded byGeoff Johns Preceded byCarlos PachecoRafael Marín Fantastic Four writer 2001–2002(with Carlos Pacheco and Rafael Marín) Succeeded byCarlos PachecoRafael MarínKarl Kesel Preceded byEd Brubaker Batman writer 2002–2003 Succeeded byBrian Azzarello Preceded byPeter David Supergirl writer 2005–2006 Succeeded byJoe Kelly Preceded byMarc Guggenheim Wolverine writer 2007 Succeeded byMarc Guggenheim Preceded byMark Millar The Ultimates writer 2008–2011 Succeeded byJonathan Hickman(Ultimate Comics: The Ultimates) Preceded byGreg Pak(The Incredible Hulk) Hulk writer 2008–2010 Succeeded byJeff Parker Preceded byAron Eli Coleite(Ultimate X-Men) Ultimate Comics: X writer 2010–2011 Succeeded byNick Spencer(Ultimate Comics: X-Men) Preceded byCullen Bunn Wolverine writer 2012 Succeeded byCullen Bunn Preceded byDan AbnettAndy Lanning(Nova vol. 4) Nova writer 2013 Succeeded byZeb Wells