Jhonen Vasquez
Vasquez in December 2023
Born (1974-09-01) September 1, 1974 (age 49)
Other namesChancre Scolex
Mr. Scolex
  • Cartoonist
  • animator
  • writer
  • producer
  • director
Years active1992–present

Jhonen C. Vasquez (/ˈ.nɛn ˈvæs.kɛz/; born September 1, 1974) is an American cartoonist, animator, writer, producer, and director. He is best known for creating the Johnny the Homicidal Maniac comic book series (alongside its spin-offs Squee!, I Feel Sick, and Fillerbunny) and the Nickelodeon animated series Invader Zim.

Early life

Jhonen C. Vasquez was born in San Jose, California, on September 1, 1974. He is of Mexican[1] and Venezuelan descent. He grew up in East San Jose and attended Mt. Pleasant High School, where he spent much of his class time drawing in sketchbooks and took part in a contest to design a new look for his school's mascot. He earned no prizes; however, on the back of a preliminary drawing for the contest, he drew his first sketch of who would later become the title character of Johnny the Homicidal Maniac. He read his older brother's superhero comics as a child, but first became interested in exploring the medium through the original Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles comics by Peter Laird and Kevin Eastman. He said:

It wasn't until I started collecting Ninja Turtles comics that something switched over in my head. To me, there was something just so different about those books that I did start to obsess over them—the way the books felt dirtier in my hands, the filthy artwork and hero characters that never seemed healed over from their last battles. There was a sense of person just behind the printed page that I had never felt before, a thinner separation from production to my hands and eyes that just fired hooks out into me... it felt unsafe, ya know? It's like, the book itself was less removed from the initial moment a creator is excited about having just come up with some great idea to when they finally finish a thing, nice and polished and just a little dulled from before the thing was just another book. To me, anyhow. It's just what I interpreted the experience like, and I'm sure to a lot of people it was just a book about big mutant turtles.[2]

Vasquez's high school student newspaper published a number of his comic strips featuring Johnny C, titled Johnny the Little Homicidal Maniac. He also created Happy Noodle Boy while attending Mt. Pleasant.[3] After graduating in 1992, he became a film student at De Anza College in Cupertino, California. Despite having little formal artistic training, he soon dropped out of De Anza to pursue a career as a professional cartoonist. He met Roman Dirge and Rosearik Rikki Simons at Alternative Press Expo in 1995; Dirge later became a writer on Vasquez's series Invader Zim, while Simons joined the show's coloring team and voiced Zim's erratic robot sidekick GIR. Simons also worked with Vasquez on the coloring seen in his two-issue comic I Feel Sick. In September 1996, Vasquez announced in his introductory text to the sixth issue of Johnny the Homicidal Maniac that the comic book had been successful enough for him to quit his day job and focus on his art.



Carpe Noctem magazine published early one-page strips featuring Johnny in the early 1990s. In 1995, Slave Labor Graphics began publishing a series of Johnny comics after Vasquez submitted samples of his artwork to them. Vasquez's first comic, Johnny the Homicidal Maniac, ran for seven issues and was collected as a hardcover and a trade paperback book named Johnny the Homicidal Maniac: Director's Cut. The cover features the logo "Z?", meaning "question sleep", which appears frequently throughout Vasquez's work and relates to his characters' insomnia and his own hypnophobia. The series follows Johnny as he searches for meaning in his life, a quest that frequently leads to the violent deaths of those around him as well as, briefly, his own. A photograph of one of Vasquez's friends, Leah England, serves as the middle of a portrait collection on the cover for the second issue of Johnny the Homicidal Maniac. England also gave Vasquez the inspiration for a filler strip about a child who was dangerously afraid of losing sight of his mother, as well as the notorious "Meanwhile" filler piece in the second issue of Johnny the Homicidal Maniac. Vasquez's next project was The Bad Art Collection, a 16-page one-shot comic. He stated that he did the book's art while he was in high school to discourage classmates from asking him to draw for them.

In 1997, Vasquez gave Squee, a supporting character from Johnny the Homicidal Maniac, his own four-issue series. It chronicles Squee's encounters with aliens, Satan's son, and eventually Satan himself. The trade version (which features a cover image of Squee with the words "Buy me or I'll die!") contains, in addition to the actual Squee comics, the Meanwhiles that were left out of the Director's Cut of Johnny the Homicidal Maniac, as well as comics of Vasquez's "real life" and Wobbly-Headed Bob. Vasquez's next project was I Feel Sick, colored by Rikki Simons. I Feel Sick follows a tortured artist named Devi (another character introduced in Johnny the Homicidal Maniac) as she tries to maintain her sanity in an insane vision of society, despite conversing with Sickness, one of her own paintings. Slave Labor has published three Fillerbunny mini-comics, the third having been released in March 2005. The Mini-Comic was a spin-off of a filler comic designed to replace a vacant page usually reserved for advertising space in the Squee! comics.

Vasquez said at the 2007 New York Comic Con that the original Fillerbunny comics would be done in a single night and he would rush through and do whatever he could in a small amount of time. The third issue, however, broke this mold. According to the introduction, it took over nine months to complete, and he feels it is of much higher quality than the first two. At Comic-Con 2005, Vasquez mentioned that his next comic was a love story. Since this, however, he attended an event in early 2007 and stated he was not working on his "own" comics – he was collaborating on two comics in the style of Everything Can Be Beaten, acting only as author. The first, titled Jellyfist, was intended for release on July 25, 2007, but the initial print run of Jellyfist was incredibly poor, and so it was re-released in October 2007. In 2009, Vasquez collaborated with other alternative artists in Marvel Comics' Strange Tales, issue 2 of 3, with a story about MODOK.[4] It sold extremely well and all three issues have been collected into a hardcover trade paperback. The next year he returned for Marvel's Strange Tales II, issue 1 of 3, with a story about Wolverine.[5]

In 2012, DC Comics announced that Vasquez joined the writing team for their digital comic Beyond the Fringe, based on the Fox TV series Fringe.[6] In May 2014, Vasquez announced on his Tumblr page that he would be re-releasing his previous Fillerbunny comics into a new collection and additionally releasing his first new comic book in ten years.[7]


At Nickelodeon, Vasquez created the animated television series Invader Zim, which aired on the network and then later on Nicktoons. It focuses on the daily life of Zim, a naïve alien from the planet Irk who tries to conquer Earth and enslave humans, before his attempts are constantly thwarted by a young paranormal investigator Dib, who believes that Zim is an alien but no one believes him. The first episode aired on March 30, 2001. The series lasted for two seasons, before it was cancelled by Nickelodeon, saying that its main causes were low ratings, over-budget production and lack of interest in continuation of the series.[8] The last episode before the show's cancellation, "The Most Horrible X-Mas Ever" (a Christmas special), aired on December 10, 2002. Episodes of the third season and a finale then remained unfinished. Vasquez provided the voices for Zim's computer, Old Kid, Minimoose, and various characters including himself as a background character (being credited as "Mr. Scolex"). Vasquez later returned to Nickelodeon in 2016 to write Invader Zim: Enter the Florpus, a TV movie based on Invader Zim.

Vasquez also did character designs for the Disney XD show Randy Cunningham: 9th Grade Ninja, as well as wrote for an episode of the online series Bravest Warriors. In July 2014, it was revealed that Disney Television Animation had picked up the pilot Very Important House, co-created by Vasquez and Rick and Morty production designer Jenny Goldberg, who previously collaborated with Vasquez on Jellyfist.[9] However, on September 30, 2016, Vasquez announced on his official blog that Very Important House was ultimately not picked up for a full series; The Art of Invader Zim, which released in 2019, mentions that Very Important House was passed due executive leadership changes at Disney Branded Television on 2016.[10]

Other work

Vasquez collaborated with Crab Scrambly to produce the storybook Everything Can Be Beaten, published by Slave Labor in 2002. Vasquez, credited as Chancre Scolex, wrote the story and Crab Scrambly illustrated it. Everything Can Be Beaten is about a strange person who lives in a room in which he can do nothing but beat kittens. However, an adventure into the outside world changes his perspective, and he discovers that "everything can be beaten". The storybook inspired Urban Squall in 2008 to create the puzzle browser game Bloody Fun Day.[11] Vasquez did the entire artwork for the deluxe edition of the Mindless Self Indulgence album If as well as the digital single "Mastermind". He also directed the music videos for Mindless Self Indulgence's "Shut Me Up"[12] and The Left Rights' "White".[13] Jhonen made the cover art for the album Zero Day by MC Frontalot and also indicated that he shows his artwork in galleries from time to time.[14] He also did an art rendition of BioShock 2 called "The Sisters".[15] He was quoted saying the following about the rendition:

Who says kids are good for nothing other than emergency food in disaster conditions? I don't, because at this point my badass nieces helped out quite a bit for reference. I dragged them, much like Big Sister there, out for a quick photo session and we had a damn fine time in freezing winds posing like the little, demonic wee ones that they are. Being my niece, the youngest had no problem finding that place in her heart that allowed her to simulate the howling face of a child being dragged down a nightmare alley by an unspeakable horror. Throw in a tall, monstrous friend of mine to stand in for Big Sister and you have four people with chattering teeth and trying to steal my jacket. After that, the line-art came pretty easily enough, save for an adjustment period of finding the balance between a more realistic style and not losing the strange cartoonishness.

He also worked on a Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles short called Don Vs Raph, where Donatello and Raphael compete to see who is better, but the two always end up tying.


Vasquez's characters are often highly geometric and thin with heavy black outlines, almost to the point of resembling stick figures. The protagonists in his comics are typically mentally unstable characters who live in dysfunctional societies, and whose manias are able to speak through inanimate objects. His storylines tend to follow a basic dark comedy formula. His art style is very edgy and eccentric, and smiley faces are found throughout his artwork, trying to evoke an ironic sense of happiness in a world of chaos and darkness. Much of his writing conveys misanthropic and pessimistic themes, often for the purposes of parody and satire. Several of his works have featured goth characters or depictions of that subculture for the purpose of satire. In an interview on The Screen Savers in 2005, he responded to host Kevin Pereira's comment that fans considered him "a goth king" by quipping, "King, yeah, but not goth... I mean, that's arrogant."[16]


Year Title Notes
1995–1997 Johnny the Homicidal Maniac 7 issues
1996 The Bad Art Collection
1997–1998 Squee! 4 issues
1999–2000 I Feel Sick 2 issues
2000, 2005, 2014 Fillerbunny 3 issues
2002 Everything Can Be Beaten With Crab Scrambly
2003 Slave Labor Stories Two page story "The Ghost with Black Fingers"
2007 Jellyfist With Jennifer Goldberg
2009–2010 Strange Tales MAX MODOK story in Strange Tales #2 and Wolverine story in Strange Tales II #1
2012 Beyond the Fringe With Becky Cloonan and Andy Belanger, issues 5A and 6A
2015–2021 Invader Zim 50 issues, with multiple others


Year Title Role Notes
2001–2002 Invader Zim Creator, writer, character designer, executive producer and voice actor Television series
2005 "Mariachi Robo" Director, executive producer and voice actor Television series
2006 "Shut Me Up" Director Music video
2011 "White" Director Music video
2012–2015 Randy Cunningham: 9th Grade Ninja Character designer (credited as Chancre Scolex) Television series
2014 Bravest Warriors Writer Episode: "The Puppetyville Horror"
2015 TMNT: Don Vs Raph Creator, writer, voice director, character designer Television short
2016 Very Important House Co- Creator, director, writer, voice actor Pilot
2019 Invader Zim: Enter the Florpus Creator, director, writer, executive producer and voice actor Streaming television film

Awards and nominations


  1. ^ "The Relentless Stupidity of Netflix's 'Invader Zim' Accurately Forecasted Our Hell Timeline". www.vice.com. September 13, 2019. Retrieved November 18, 2022.
  2. ^ Jhonen Vasquez On M.O.D.O.K. & Marvel An October 8, 2009 interview for Comic Book Resources
  3. ^ Johnny The Homicidal Maniac: Director's Cut trade paperback (SLG Publishing, 1997) ISBN 0-943151-16-3
  4. ^ THE WALKING DEAD #110 First Look. Newsarama.com (May 1, 2013). Retrieved on January 19, 2014.
  5. ^ "The Marvel Universe gets an Indie Makeover in Strange Tales II". Theheroicage.com. July 28, 2010. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2014.
  6. ^ Jhonen Vasquez and Becky Cloonan Join BEYOND THE FRINGE | DC Comics. Dcu.blog.dccomics.com (February 14, 2012). Retrieved on January 19, 2014.
  7. ^ "So I'm collecting the previous FILLERBUNNY comics... | JHONEN VASQUEZ". Archived from the original on May 15, 2014. Retrieved May 13, 2014.
  8. ^ Tierney, Adam (September 1, 2004). "An Interview with Jhonen Vasquez and Rikki Simons". IGN.
  9. ^ "Disney TV Inks Deals with Aaron Springer, Jhonen Vasquez, Jesse LeDoux, and Ryan Quincy". July 17, 2014.
  10. ^ VERY IMPORTANT HOUSE update - QuestionSleep.com
  11. ^ Pellerano, Andrew (March 13, 2009). "Bloody Fun Day". YAY! it's Andrew!. Retrieved March 20, 2009.
  12. ^ Mindless Self Indulgence – "Shut Me Up". Youtube.com. Retrieved on January 19, 2014.
  13. ^ Archived at Ghostarchive and the Wayback Machine: msivideo (November 19, 2010). "The Left Rights – WHITE". YouTube. Retrieved January 9, 2011.
  14. ^ Johnny the Homicidal Maniac, Issue #6
  15. ^ Fahey, Mike (July 17, 2009) 5:20pm BioShock 2's "The Sisters" By Jhonen Vasquez. Kotaku 2K Games.
  16. ^ "Jhonen Vasquez on Screen Savers". YouTube. Archived from the original on December 12, 2021. Retrieved October 25, 2019.
  17. ^ 1998 Will Eisner Comic Industry Award Nominees. users.rcn.com
  18. ^ "The Mammoth Book of Best New Horror" by Stephen Jones, Carroll and Graf, 2002
  19. ^ "Invader ZIM" (2001) Awards. imdb.com
  20. ^ "National Design Triennial". Cooperhewitt.org. Archived from the original on April 29, 2011.
  21. ^ Inkpot Award