Claire Voyant
Black Widow
Claire Voyant / Black Widow.
Textless cover of Twelve #8 (October 2008).
Art by Paolo Rivera.
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceMystic Comics #4
(August 1940)
Created byGeorge Kapitan (writer)
Harry Sahle (artist)
In-story information
SpeciesDemon
Team affiliationsEXC Enterprises
The Twelve
Supporting character ofSatan
Notable aliasesThe Spawn of Satan
Madam Satan
Abilities

Black Widow (Claire Voyant) is a character appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by writer George Kapitan and artist Harry Sahle, the character first appeared in Mystic Comics #4 (August 1940), published by Marvel predecessor Timely Comics.[1][2][3] Claire Voyant is a medium who has been murdered and became the demonic "ambassador" of Satan on Earth.[4][5] She kills evildoers in order to deliver their souls to her master.[6][7]

Publication history

The Black Widow makes five appearances during the period fans and historians call the Golden Age of comic books, all five written by George Kapitan. These short comics stories (the longest is eight pages, the shortest five) are spread among three different Timely anthology titles over a three-year period from 1940 to 1943.[8]

Madame Claire Voyant is introduced in Mystic Comics #4 as "the strangest, most terrifying character in action picture magazines — the Black Widow. You've heard of the black widow spider — that evil creature whose bite spells doom. Now start the adventures of another black widow — a human tool of Satan whose very touch means death."[9] Both Mystic Comics #4 and #5 (August 1940, March 1941) feature artwork by Harry Sahle (the stories are "Introducing the Black Widow," 7 pages, and "Garvey Lang," 8 pages, respectively).[10][11] Another Mystic Comics appearance in issue #7 (December 1941) has art by Stan Drake ("Lewis & Sykes," 5 pages).[12] USA Comics #5 (Summer 1942) is penciled by Mike Sekowsky and inked by George Klein ("Murder Unlimited," 5 pages).[13] Her final Golden Age appearance in All Select Comics #1 (Fall 1943) has art tentatively attributed to Drake ("Blood Money," 5 pages);[14] this story is reprinted in 1974, along with the rest of the issue, by publisher Alan L. Light's company Flashback as Special Edition Reprints #14.

According to Jess Nevins' Encyclopedia of Golden Age Superheroes, "The Black Widow can kill with a touch and has other, Satan-derived, plot device powers. The wrongdoers she goes after are ordinary humans, although one group of them call themselves Murder, Unlimited and another is the Cult of the Black Widow Spiders."[15]

Her next appearance occurs 51 years later, in a flashback cameo in one panel of issue #1 (January 1994) of the mini-series Marvels ("A Time of Marvels," written by Kurt Busiek with art by Alex Ross), and again eleven years later (February 2005), also in brief flashback, in Marvel Knights Spider-Man #9 ("The Last Stand," written by Mark Millar with art by Terry and Rachel Dodson).[16]

The Black Widow returns, finally in full-length stories, albeit as part of an ensemble cast, beginning in 2008 in The Twelve (written by J. Michael Straczynski with art by Chris Weston). The character appears in all 12 issues of The Twelve, in addition to a one-shot titled The Twelve: Spearhead.

Fictional character biography

In 1940, Claire Voyant is a spirit medium who communicates with the dead through supernatural means. While serving a family named the Waglers, she is possessed by Satan to put a curse on them. James Wagler, a member of the family, survives a subsequent car crash provoked by the spell and, upon returning to Claire's quarters, guns her down.

Satan brings Voyant's soul to Hell, where he dresses her in her Black Widow costume. He also gives her the power to kill with a single touch of her fingers to the head (which leaves a branded "Black Widow mark") and other mystical tricks. Satan sends her back to Earth to avenge her death. After killing her murderer, she returns to Satan who, no longer content to wait for evil souls to die a natural death and perhaps repent their sins in the interim, charges her with bringing those souls to him. "On the upper world are mortal creatures whose hearts are blackened with wickedness and corruption. You, the Black Widow, will bring their evil souls to me!."[17]

She later kills corrupt arms manufacturers, crime boss Garvey Lang, members of a syndicate called Murder Unlimited and the villain Ogor, while also healing Ogor's victim.[16]

In Marvels, she is shown in flashback as part of a group of Timely's Golden Age characters aiding the Invaders against the Nazis.[18]

In The Twelve, Claire Voyant is retconned as becoming the Black Widow in 1928 after her sister is murdered. Standing over her sister's grave, she wishes for the power to avenge herself against the killer, and Satan responds.[19]

Revived in the present day, along with 11 other heroes, after being in suspended animation since World War II, she recommences serving as an "instrument of vengeance" for an initially unidentified entity (though never actually referred to as Satan, the Black Widow's master is identified as "the devil" in later issues) and going on missions for that party.[20]

Characterization

Personality

A recurrent character trait of the Black Widow in her Golden Age appearances is that she shows no hesitation or mercy when it comes to killing her victims, and no apparent remorse over depriving them of their lives and sending their souls to Hell for eternal torment. Whether this ruthless aspect of her personality is original to Claire Voyant or a result of her resurrection by Satan as the Black Widow is unclear. In her appearances in The Twelve she is much less a willing killer, and is shown crying after killing.

In her Golden Age appearances, she does possess great compassion for those she perceives as innocent victims of evil, and a willingness to use her powers to protect and even heal them. This is shown most clearly in her final Golden Age story. When she is sent by Satan to harvest the soul of Ogor, a charlatan faith healer who has been stealing money from those who come to him for cures,[21] after confronting Ogor and causing his death – though he dies of fright and heart failure rather than the Black Widow’s signature death touch, the result is the same and his blackened soul goes instantly to Hell – she then takes the time, and uses her powers, to regenerate the amputated leg of a young boy named Pepito, whom Ogor had promised to heal.[22]

Costumes

During her five brief appearances in the Golden Age, the Black Widow wears four distinctly different costumes, with different designs and different color schemes, and has three different hair colors.

Her first costume in Mystic Comics #4 consists of a purple bodysuit with spider design on the belly, a green-and-blue striped cape, and red boots with yellow flame designs around the tops.[23]

For her second appearance in Mystic Comics #5, the red boots with yellow flame trim survive, but the bodysuit becomes plain black with no spider design and the color of her cape changes to solid red.[24] The color scheme and basic layout of the costume remain the same in a later appearance in Mystic Comics #7,[25] however the bodysuit acquires dark blue highlights, and the red cape now has flame designs around its hem. Both the "flames" and the cape itself are the same shade of red. Though highly similar to the costume in Mystic Comics #5, it is different in its particulars. The cape is held in place with a circular, gold-colored pin inset with a death’s head skull. Her hair remains blond for all three Mystic Comics appearances.

Her costume changes radically in U.S.A. Comics #5.[26] The outfit's colors are now red, white and blue. The costume itself consists of a bright red bodysuit, a cape (colored either white or blue depending on the panel in question) with upturned Peter Pan collar, and white buccaneer boots. Her hair is now pure white.

For her final Golden Age appearance in All-Select Comics #1,[21] the costume morphs into a blue bodysuit that, unlike any of her previous outfits, covers her legs as well as torso and arms, and a yellow cape. The boots with flame trim return, however both the boots and "flames" are yellow. The Black Widow is now a redhead.

Throughout the majority of The Twelve, she wears a fifth outfit, a minor redesign of the first, consisting of a dark purple bodysuit with, in a lighter shade of purple, a spider design on the belly. Her boots are the same dark purple as the bodysuit, with no "flames"; the cape is light purple, and likewise has no flame trim. She later wears a sixth costume, which is gray, covers her entire body except head and hands, and features a fine spiderweb pattern over much of its surface.[27]

Powers and abilities

Before her transformation, Claire Voyant has undefined psychic powers enabling her to communicate with the spirits of the dead. Resurrected by Satan as the Black Widow, the character has been granted supernatural powers. She uses them to harvest the souls of evildoers for Satan. Claire Voyant has a death touch power.[28][29] Her targets are instantly struck dead and their soul is sent to Hell. She leaves a mark in the shape of a spider on the victims she has touched. She possesses superhuman strength. She can alter her appearance. The character is able to generate fire. She is able to teleport between Hell and the mortal world at will.[30] She has the power to heal others. Claire Voyant has the ability to fly. The character is shown to be bulletproof.[31] Additionally, Satan states he has made the Black Widow immortal.[32]

Reception

Critical response

Deirdre Kaye of Scary Mommy called Claire Voyant a "role model" and a "truly heroic" female character.[33] Darby Harn of Screen Rant included Claire Voyant in their "10 Best Versions Of Black Widow From Marvel Comics" list.[34] Megan Nicole O'Brien of Comic Book Resources ranked Claire Voyant 5th in their "Marvel: 10 Best Golden Age Heroines" list.[35]

Impact

In other media

Television

Video games

References

  1. ^ Kapitan, George (August 1940). "Mystic Comics #4". archive.org. Timely Comics.
  2. ^ Markstein, Donald. "The Black Widow". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on 15 April 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2020.
  3. ^ Gerber, Jamie (2018-06-27). "20 Weird Things About Black Widow Even Hardcore Fans Might Not Know". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on 2022-10-30. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  4. ^ Etemesi, Philip (2022-10-12). "10 Longest-Running Marvel Characters And Their Year Of Debut". Screen Rant. Archived from the original on 2023-01-01. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  5. ^ Marston, George (2022-11-03). "Vision, Falcon, Black Widow, and 7 more Marvel characters you might not know date back to the '30s and '40s". Newsarama. Archived from the original on 2023-01-01. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  6. ^ Benton, Mike (1992). Superhero Comics of the Golden Age: The Illustrated History. Dallas: Taylor Publishing Company. p. 174. ISBN 0-87833-808-X. Retrieved 8 April 2020.[dead link]
  7. ^ Hornstein, Oscar (2021-06-15). "10 Things About Black Widow The MCU Changed From The Comics". Game Rant. Archived from the original on 2023-01-01. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  8. ^ The Black Widow at the Grand Comics Database.
  9. ^ Seifert, Mark (November 21, 2020). "The Mystic Comics Origins of Marvel's First Black Widow". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved 2023-08-27.
  10. ^ Mystic Comics #4 at the Grand Comics Database.
  11. ^ Mystic Comics #5 at the Grand Comics Database.
  12. ^ Mystic Comics #7 at the Grand Comics Database.
  13. ^ USA Comics #5 at the Grand Comics Database.
  14. ^ All-Select Comics #1 at the Grand Comics Database.
  15. ^ Nevins, Jess (2013). Encyclopedia of Golden Age Superheroes. High Rock Press. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-61318-023-5.
  16. ^ a b The Black Widow at International Hero.
  17. ^ Nevins, Jess. "The Black Widow". A Guide to Golden Age Marvel Characters. Archived from the original on June 13, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2009. Additional WebCitation archive, retrieved August 21, 2010.
  18. ^ Busiek, Kurt; Ross, Alex (w); Ross, Alex (a). Marvels #1 Marvel Comics (New York).
  19. ^ The Twelve #7
  20. ^ Straczynski, J. Michael (w), Weston, Chris (a), Richard Starkings, Jimmy Betancourt (let), Brevoort, Tom (ed). The Twelve (May 14, 2014). Marvel Entertainment, ISBN 978-0-7851-5430-3.
  21. ^ a b All Select Comics #1
  22. ^ Christiansen, Jeff (ed.). "The Black Widow". Appendix to The Handbook of the Marvel Universe. Archived from the original on February 15, 2019. Retrieved September 6, 2019.
  23. ^ Mystic Comics #4
  24. ^ Mystic Comics #5
  25. ^ Mystic Comics #7
  26. ^ U.S.A. Comics #5
  27. ^ The Twelve #12
  28. ^ Kistler, Alan (January 16, 2014). "Agent of S.T.Y.L.E. Black Widow". The Mary Sue. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  29. ^ Motwani, Nishid (January 13, 2021). "10 Female Superheroes Who Were Created Before Wonder Woman". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2023-08-26.
  30. ^ Thompson, Gregory (2018-07-06). "20 Things Everyone Gets Wrong About Black Widow". Screen Rant. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  31. ^ Mystic Comics #s 5 and 7, USA Comics #5.
  32. ^ ”Hah! Little do persons of evil know the plans I have for the immortal Black Widow!” –Satan, Mystic Comics #4.
  33. ^ Kaye, Deidre (November 16, 2022). "Looking For A Role Model? These 195+ Marvel Female Characters Are Truly Heroic". Scary Mommy. Retrieved 2023-01-25.
  34. ^ Harn, Darby (2021-07-15). "10 Best Versions Of Black Widow From Marvel Comics". Screen Rant. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  35. ^ O'Brien, Megan Nicole (2020-11-08). "Marvel: 10 Best Golden Age Heroines, Ranked". Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  36. ^ Hitzhusen, Lauren (2021-07-23). "Marvel's First Black Widow Was Created Before Wonder Woman". Screen Rant. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  37. ^ Hsieh, Rebecca Wei (2019-08-23). "Who Is Black Widow? And Other FAQs About This Marvel Character". BookRiot.com. Retrieved 2023-01-01.
  38. ^ Amazing Man Comics #7 at the Grand Comics Database.
  39. ^ Nicholson, Hope (2017-05-03). "The fury and the fashion: comic-book heroines down the years". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2023-05-20.
  40. ^ Markstein, Donald. "Don Markstein's Toonopedia: Fantomah, Mystery Woman of the Jungle". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Retrieved 2023-05-20.
  41. ^ Markstein, Donald. "Don Markstein's Toonopedia: The Woman in Red". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Retrieved 2023-05-20.
  42. ^ Konrad, Jeremy (April 9, 2023). "The Invisible Scarlet O'Neil's Series Debut, up for Auction". Bleeding Cool. Retrieved 2023-08-27.
  43. ^ "Marvel's Agent Carter Explores the Origins of the Black Widow Program". Marvel.com. February 3, 2015.
  44. ^ Goldman, Eric (January 28, 2015). "Marvel's Agent Carter Exclusive: Showrunners Reveal Who Dottie Works For". IGN. Archived from the original on April 6, 2019. Retrieved May 26, 2019.
  45. ^ Marvel (September 5, 2019). "Entering Marvel Contest of Champions: Black Widow (Claire Voyant)". Marvel.com. Archived from the original on May 20, 2023. Retrieved May 20, 2023.
  46. ^ Dominguez, Noah (September 5, 2019). "Marvel's Contest of Champions Enlists Timely Comics' Original Black Widow". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on September 6, 2019. Retrieved September 6, 2019.