Crimson Dynamo (Russian: Багровое Динамо, Bagrovoe Dinamo; also Красное Динамо (Krasnoe Dinamo)) is the name of several fictional characters appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics who have all been powered armor–wearing Russian or Soviet agents who have clashed with the superhero Iron Man over the course of his heroic career.[1]

Publication history

The Anton Vanko version of Crimson Dynamo first appeared in Tales of Suspense #46 (Oct. 1963) and was created by Stan Lee and Don Heck.[2]

The Boris Turgenov version of Crimson Dynamo first appeared in Tales of Suspense #52 (April 1964) and was created by Stan Lee, Don Heck, and Don Rico.

The Alex Nevsky version of Crimson Dynamo first appeared in Iron Man #15 (July 1969) and was created by Archie Goodwin and George Tuska.

The Yuri Petrovich version of Crimson Dynamo first appeared in The Champions #7 (Aug. 1976) and was created by George Tuska and Tony Isabella.

The Dimitri Bukharin version of Crimson Dynamo first appeared in Iron Man #109 and was created by Bill Mantlo and Carmine Infantino.

The Valentin Shatalov version of Crimson Dynamo first appeared in Iron Man #255 and was created by Glenn Herdling, Fabian Nicieza, and Herb Trimpe.

The seventh Crimson Dynamo first appeared in Captain America vol. 3 #32 and was created by Dan Jurgens.

The Gennady Gavrilov version of Crimson Dynamo first appeared in Crimson Dynamo #1 and was created by John Jackson Miller and Steve Ellis.

The ninth Crimson Dynamo first appeared in Secret War #3 and was created by Brian Michael Bendis and Gabriele Dell'Otto.

The tenth Crimson Dynamo first appeared in Iron Man vol. 4 #7 and was created by Daniel Knauf, Charles Knauf, and Patrick Zircher.

The Boris Vadim version of Crimson Dynamo first appeared in Hulk vol. 2 #1 and was created by Jeph Loeb and Ed McGuinnes.

The Galina Nemirovsky version of Crimson Dynamo first appeared in Hulk: Winter Guard #1 and was created by Steve Ellis and David Gallaher.

Fictional character biography

Anton Vanko

Crimson Dynamo
Anton Vanko as the original Crimson Dynamo
Art by Don Heck.
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceTales of Suspense #46
(Oct. 1963)
Created byStan Lee
Don Heck
In-story information
Alter egoAnton Vanko
Place of originEarth-616
Notable aliasesIvan Vanko
AbilitiesArmored suit grants:
Superhuman strength and durability
Flight via boot jets
Small missiles on the back shoulder area
Computer and radio transmitter and receiver

Anton Vanko (Russian: Анто́н Ва́нко, Armenian: Անտոն Վանկո), the first Crimson Dynamo, was also the armor's creator. A Soviet scientist of Armenian birth with a Ph.D. in physics, Vanko was one of the world's foremost experts on electricity. At the behest of the USSR, Vanko built a powered exoskeleton capable of performing incredible feats. He also designed the Unicorn's helmet and instructed the Russian agent in its use.[3]

As the Crimson Dynamo, Vanko was sent by the Soviet Government to sabotage Stark Industries and defeat his American counterpart Iron Man in battle.[4] Vanko's armor allowed him to generate and control electricity in all of its forms, such as firing devastating bolts of lightning and flying using electromagnetic propulsion. Unlike Iron Man, who at the time had to regularly charge the chest plate powering his suit (and keeping him alive), the Crimson Dynamo was powered by a self-sustaining generator.

After losing to Iron Man, Vanko defected to the United States out of fear that his superiors would kill him for failing. Vanko began to work for Tony Stark as one of his chief scientists. Eventually, the two became friends and Vanko developed pride and admiration for his new home. Unfortunately, soon the Soviets came for Vanko, just as he predicted. The KGB sent their top agent Black Widow as well as Boris Turgenev to apprehend him. Vanko died saving Iron Man by firing an unstable, experimental laser pistol at Turgenev, killing himself in the process.[5]

Boris Turgenov

Boris Turgenov, the second Crimson Dynamo, had a very short career as a supervillain. Turgenov came to the United States with the Black Widow to kill Anton Vanko, Tony Stark and Iron Man (at the time Stark kept his identity secret, with Iron Man posing as his most trusted bodyguard - Turgenov believed them to be separate people and planned to kill both). Turgenov almost carried out his mission, virtually defeating Iron Man with the stolen Crimson Dynamo suit. He was killed when Vanko sacrificed his own life for the cause of freedom by firing an experimental and unstable laser pistol at Boris.[5] Both Vanko's heroic sacrifice and Turgenov's death were revisited in the Iron Man miniseries Enter the Mandarin, where it is revealed that Temugin (the Mandarin's son) witnessed the event.[volume & issue needed]

Alexander Nevsky

Crimson Dynamo
Alexander Nevsky as the third Crimson Dynamo
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceIron Man #15
(July 1969)
Created byArchie Goodwin
George Tuska
In-story information
Alter egoAlexander Nevsky
Place of originEarth-616
Team affiliationsTitanic Three
Notable aliasesAlex Niven
AbilitiesArmored suit grants:
Superhuman strength
Electric and laser blasts
Backpack rocket launcher

Alexander Nevsky was Anton Vanko's up-and-coming protege, with a greatly admired and respected scientific genius. However, his promising career was ruined when the Soviet government discredited Vanko after he fled to the West. Sent into exile for his association with the turncoat, Nevsky grew to hate the Soviet Union as well as Iron Man for besting Vanko. Nevsky also sought vengeance against Tony Stark, whom Nevsky felt exploited Vanko under the American capitalist system (not knowing that Stark and Iron Man are the same person). Disguised as brilliant new scientist Alex Niven behind Cord Industries, he planned to help the struggling competitor beat out Stark Industries in the marketplace.[6] From there, Nevsky used a new and improved Crimson Dynamo armor and bested Iron Man.[volume & issue needed] Finally, he worked towards undermining Tony Stark by romancing Janice Cord, Stark's girlfriend at the time and a relative of Cord Industries's CEO Edwin Cord.[volume & issue needed]

After he donned the Crimson Dynamo armor in public,[7] his old Soviet masters sent the Titanium Man to kill him. When Titanium Man killed Janice, Nevsky blamed Iron Man for the tragedy and swore to avenge her.[8] Although he held Titanium Man just as responsible for Janice's death, Nevsky was forced by circumstance to partner with him and Radioactive Man in Vietnam, where all three Communist-aligned fugitives formed the Titanic Three.[9] After defecting to Vietnam, Nevsky made one final attempt to kill Iron Man and was once again unsuccessful.[10] As a result, he was found and assassinated by the KGB and they confiscated his armor for their own purposes.[11]

"The Beginning of the End,"—Nevsky's original story arc in Iron Man #17-23—is considered one of the best Iron Man stories and, alongside Tony Stark's origin in Tales of Suspense #39, the best Iron Man story of the Silver Age of Comics.[12][13][14]

Yuri Petrovich

Yuri Petrovich, the fourth Crimson Dynamo, first appeared in The Champions #7 (Aug. 1976) as the son of Ivan Petrovich - a friend of the Black Widow (now-reformed). When Western agents (presumably Americans) failed to convince Ivan to defect to the West, they assassinated Yuri's mother; in the chaos that followed, Ivan and Yuri each believed the other dead. Yuri was brought to the West, where Soviet agents posing as Westerners indoctrinated him to hate the West. When Black Widow and Ivan defected to the United States, Yuri was "rescued" by the Soviets, returned to Russia, and trained as a KGB assassin. He was given the Crimson Dynamo armor and sent to kill the Black Widow and Ivan. Yuri and his allies (his girlfriend Darkstar, the Griffin, Rampage, and the original Titanium Man) fought the Black Widow and her teammates, the Champions. When Yuri learned of the true nature of his "Western" captors, he went berserk. Darkstar teamed up with the Champions to subdue Yuri, and after he and his other allies were defeated, Yuri was returned to Russia, convicted by the Soviet government, and exiled to a Siberian labor camp.[15]

Dmitri Bukharin

Dmitri Bukharin as the fifth Crimson Dynamo

Dmitri Bukharin, the fifth Crimson Dynamo, was given Yuri Petrovich's armor by his masters in the KGB. He joined the Soviet Super-Soldiers, but was expelled after his teammates decided to sever their connections to the Soviet government. Afterward, he received a new, redesigned suit of armor.[16] He later joined the Supreme Soviets, a group of superhumans who were loyal to the Soviet government; the group became the People's Protectorate after the USSR dissolved. When the new government confiscated his armor, he was given another suit and adopted the codename Airstrike. By the events of Dark Reign, however, he had returned to the identity and armor of the Crimson Dynamo, albeit as an ally of Iron Man instead of an enemy. He is currently a member of the Winter Guard, a Russian counterpart of the Avengers.

Bukharin's tenure is the longest of anyone in the Crimson Dynamo's publication history and occurred during such seminal Iron Man storylines as "Demon in a Bottle", "Doomquest", and "Armor Wars". As a result, Bukharin's Crimson Dynamo is considered by some to be the definitive version of the character.

Valentin Shatalov

Crimson Dynamo
Valentin Shatalov as the sixth Crimson Dynamo
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceIron Man ##255
(April 1990)
Created byGlenn Herdling
Fabian Nicieza
Herb Trimpe
In-story information
Full nameValentin Shatalov
Place of originEarth-616
Team affiliationsRemont 4
Lethal Legion
AbilitiesArmored suit grants:
Superhuman strength
Electric and laser blasters
Electrical shock when touching or grappling with an opponent
Gatling gun contained in right arm
A 'fusioncaster' chest beam

Valentin Shatalov, a Colonel-General in the Soviet Army and a KGB agent, is the sixth Crimson Dynamo. He used his rank to obtain the Crimson Dynamo armor from Dmitri Bukharin for his own use. He was the founder of Remont-4, a group of Russian superhumans who sought to return the Soviet Union to Stalinism. Shatalov and his allies (the cyborg Firefox and the original Unicorn among others) recruited the original Titanium Man to their cause. The Remont-4 fought the Soviet Super Soldiers and a group of Russian mutant exiles in addition to plaguing Iron Man.[17]

In Shatalov's first appearance as the Crimson Dynamo, he was in a training session with Devastator in Russia at the same time Iron Man had encountered an out-of-control mutant dubbing himself Freak Quincy in Los Angeles. Quincy's out-of-control powers tapped into Devastator's satellite uplink from the other side of the world, and he managed to switch the minds of Stark and Shatalov. His unfamiliarity with the Iron Man armor resulted in Shatalov firing pulse bolts that destroyed Quincy's arms, although the mutant survived. After Stark and Shatalov struggled to maintain each other's identities, Shatalov was able to get the hospitalized Quincy to recreate the transmission that switched their minds. Out of respect for Stark, Shatalov did not reveal Stark's identity.[18]

Sometime after the fall of the Soviet Union, Shatalov received an upgraded Crimson Dynamo armor. Less bulky than Bukharin's model and with silver accents, this was the first Crimson Dynamo armor that was not completely crimson. Shatalov later met Tony Stark in person, when the latter traveled to Russia to oversee the opening of the first Stark Enterprises branch in the country, and revealed to Stark that he had kept his identity as Iron Man a secret. Stark's trip to Russia was interrupted by the rampage of the Titanium Man, Boris Bullski, who still could not accept the new Russia, and saw Stark's presence in his homeland as an affront to everything he believed the U.S.S.R. stood for. As the Titanium Man fought Iron Man, the Black Widow, and the Crimson Dynamo, Shatalov's leg was broken. He begged Iron Man not to finish the fight with Bullski, as he felt having the American Avenger take down a former Soviet hero would be too damaging to his country's morale. Stark volunteered to wear the Dynamo armor in Shatalov's place, and with radio assistance from Shatalov and the Widow, fought Bullski. When Bullski refused to surrender, Shatalov overrode Stark's control of the Dynamo armor, firing a blast that killed Bullski. Shatalov took the fall with his superiors, who had wanted to recover Bullski alive, and he was relieved of his duties as the Crimson Dynamo.[19]

Other Crimson Dynamos

Like many of Iron Man's Cold War-era villains, the Crimson Dynamo fell into a degree of obscurity after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Since Shatalov, there have been seven people to bear the Crimson Dynamo mantle, almost all of them anonymous, short-lived, or otherwise unremarkable foes.

The seventh Crimson Dynamo, Gregar Valski, was defeated by Nick Fury and Captain America.[20] He wore Dmitri Bukharin's former armor, though his skill piloting it was minimal.

Crimson Dynamo
Gennady Gavrilov as the eighth Crimson Dynamo
Gennady Gavrilov as the eighth Crimson Dynamo
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceCrimson Dynamo #1
(Oct. 2003)
Created byJohn Jackson Miller
Steve Ellis
In-story information
Full nameGennady Dmitreivich Gavrilov
Place of originEarth-616
Notable aliasesTrouble Magnet, Iron Gennady, Gyena, Kulakh42
AbilitiesArmored suit

In Marvel Epic's six-issue 2003 series Crimson Dynamo, Russian collegiate Gennady Gavrilov becomes the eighth Crimson Dynamo after he finds the helmet of a "Beta unit" designed by Anton Vanko based on but improved over the original, with its very own recharging satellite in orbit. Believing the helmet to be a sophisticated gaming system, Gavrilov caused the dormant armor to awaken and make its way towards the helmet, inadvertently leaving a trail of destruction. He would eventually, if briefly, wear the entire armor in a standoff with the Russian military. He kept the armor afterward.[21]

The ninth Crimson Dynamo appeared in the Secret War miniseries as a member of Lucia von Bardas's army of villains which she gathered to defeat the Avengers. This Crimson Dynamo's armor was created by the Tinkerer.[22]

The tenth Crimson Dynamo is introduced in Iron Man vol. 4 #7 (June 2006), where he is apprehended by Iron Man after attempting to rob a bank. It was later revealed that this armor had been bought on the black market and that the designs for Crimson Dynamo-based technology have been for sale for a while.[23] This Crimson Dynamo was later slain by the Punisher.[24]

The eleventh Crimson Dynamo was a member of the "Alpha Gen Soviet Super-Soldiers", a group of Russian superhumans put into cryogenic stasis after the Cold War ended. During a fight between the Order and the Infernal Man, Order member Corona set off an enormous explosion which awakened the Super-Soldiers. This Crimson Dynamo was apparently destroyed by Order members Supernaut and Aralune.[25]

Boris Vadim, the twelfth Crimson Dynamo, first appears in the premiere issue of Hulk vol. 2 (March 2008). A S.H.I.E.L.D.-sanctioned team consisting of Iron Man, Doc Samson and She-Hulk encounters the Winter Guard, a Russian superhero team of which Vadim is a member, while investigating the apparent murder of the Abomination in Russia.[26] In War Machine: Weapon of SHIELD, Vadim was seen ignoring orders from his superiors and helping War Machine defeat invading Skrulls.[27] He later flees to the United States seeking political asylum, joining the Red Hulk's mercenary group.[28] Some time later, while battling the mutated Igor Drenkov, Vadim was devoured.[29]

Galina Nemirovsky replaced Boris Vadim to become the thirteenth Crimson Dynamo.[30] She is considered by her Russian masters to be one of the best Crimson Dynamo pilots ever and was a graduate of their "Federal Dynamo" program.[31] As Dynamo, Galina battled the Presence, the Dire Wraiths, Warlord Krang, Iron Man, and the Remont Six.[32] Galina was apparently recruited by Mandarin and Zeke Stane to join Iron Man's other villains in a plot to take down Iron Man. Mandarin and Zeke Stane gave Galina a new Crimson Dynamo armor.[33]

Powers and abilities

The Crimson Dynamo wears an armored battle suit that serves as an exoskeleton, providing the wearer with superhuman strength and durability. The suit's outer layer was composed of a carborundum matrix alloy, and is equipped with hand-blasters that can fire high-frequency electrical bolts, small missiles contained in the back shoulder area of the battle-suit, computers and radio transmitter and receiver and boot jets that allow flight. Subsequent versions of the battle-suit have featured upgrades of various kinds, by the Gremlin and other Russian scientists. As the Crimson Dynamo, Valentin Shatalov's version of the armor was equipped with a powerful chest-mounted fusion-caster weapon.

Other versions

Heroes Reborn

In the Heroes Reborn universe, created by Franklin Richards, Anton Vanko/Crimson Dynamo appeared as a member of Loki's Masters of Evil.[34] He was first seen teamed with the Titanium Man as a defender of Russia. When Iron Man and Rebel O'Reilly traveled over Russian airspace to get to Hydra's headquarters, the two briefly battled both the Dynamo and Titanium Man. Iron Man would easily defeat them in combat with the superior technology within his Promethium Armor.[volume & issue needed]

Later, the Crimson Dynamo and Titanium Man would be hired by the Black Knight to join the Masters of Evil.[34] He is later killed by Doombots.[volume & issue needed]

Marvel Zombies

The Crimson Dynamo was killed and devoured by his zombified enemy, Iron Man, in Marvel Zombies 2.[volume & issue needed]

Civil War: House of M

In the House of M, the Yuri Petrovich version of the Crimson Dynamo was a member of the Soviet Super-Soldiers.[35]

Ultimate Marvel

In the Ultimate Marvel universe, there are two versions of the Crimson Dynamo.

The Ultimates featured Alex Su as a Chinese Dynamo as a member of The Liberators. Based on similar technology to Iron Man's armor, he is unable to exit his armor, having been fused inside, but can supposedly use his armor to control up to 50 giant-sized drone versions (which are revealed to be piloted independently). He is apparently killed when Iron Man vaporizes him while piloting the massive Iron Man Six aircraft.[36]

Major Valentin Shatalov appears in Ultimate Fantastic Four #47. He is based in a shack in Siberia, and has apparently been out of contact with his superiors for a long time, becoming entirely self-sufficient. When he is ordered to activate his armor he has forgotten correct procedure, and his contact was not even sure he was still alive. Reed Richards reports that this Crimson Dynamo is an "Eastern Bloc version of Iron Man", making the latest Ultimate version extremely similar to the original character. He has joined forces with the Fantastic Four to defeat the Red Ghost.[37]

In other media


Marvel Cinematic Universe

Characters based on the Anton Vanko incarnation of the Crimson Dynamo appear in media set in the Marvel Cinematic Universe (MCU):

Video games


The Crimson Dynamo is referenced in Paul McCartney and Wings's song "Magneto and Titanium Man".[49]



  1. ^ Rovin, Jeff (1987). The Encyclopedia of Super-Villains. New York: Facts on File. p. 70. ISBN 0-8160-1356-X.[1]
  2. ^ DeFalco, Tom; Sanderson, Peter; Brevoort, Tom; Teitelbaum, Michael; Wallace, Daniel; Darling, Andrew; Forbeck, Matt; Cowsill, Alan; Bray, Adam (2019). The Marvel Encyclopedia. DK Publishing. p. 95. ISBN 978-1-4654-7890-0.
  3. ^ Tales of Suspense #56
  4. ^ Tales of Suspense #46
  5. ^ a b Tales of Suspense #52
  6. ^ Iron Man #15
  7. ^ Iron Man #21
  8. ^ Iron Man #22
  9. ^ The Avengers #130
  10. ^ Iron Man #73
  11. ^ According to the Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe
  12. ^ "The World's Top Destination For Comic, Movie & TV news". CBR. 2013-05-03. Retrieved 2021-10-31.
  13. ^ "Top 25 Iron Man Stories - IGN". 2 May 2013 – via
  14. ^ "Iron Man's Greatest Stories - IGN". 4 May 2010 – via
  15. ^ The Champions #8-10
  16. ^ Behind the scenes between Secret Wars II #7 and X-Factor Annual #1.
  17. ^ Iron Man #255
  18. ^ Iron Man #316
  19. ^ Iron Man #317
  20. ^ Captain America vol. 3, #42
  21. ^ Crimson Dynamo #1-6
  22. ^ Secret War #3
  23. ^ Iron Man vol. 4 #7
  24. ^ Charles Soule (w), Mast and Syzmon Kudranski (p), Mast and Syzmon Kudranski (i), Jim Charalampidis (col), VC's Clayon Cowles (let), Jake Thomas (ed). "Chapter Seven" Daredevil/The Punisher: Seventh Circle, no. 7 (1 June 2016). United States: Marvel Comics.
  25. ^ The Order #2
  26. ^ Hulk vol. 2 #1
  27. ^ Invincible Iron Man #35
  28. ^ Hulk #14
  29. ^ Hulk: Winter Guard #0
  30. ^ Hulk: Winter Guard, no. 1 (Dec. 2009). Marvel Comics.
  31. ^ Darkstar & The Winter Guard #1
  32. ^ Darkstar & The Winter Guard #2-3
  33. ^ Invincible Iron Man #513
  34. ^ a b Iron Man vol. 2 #10
  35. ^ Civil War: House of M #2
  36. ^ The Ultimates 2 #6-13
  37. ^ Ultimate Fantastic Four #47
  38. ^ The Marvel Super Heroes on TV! Book One: Iron Man (2017) - by J. Ballmann, ISBN 9 781545 345658
  39. ^ a b c d "Crimson Dynamo Voice - Iron Man franchise | Behind The Voice Actors". December 14, 2019. Check mark indicates role has been confirmed using screenshots of closing credits and other reliable sources.((cite web)): CS1 maint: postscript (link)
  40. ^ "Comics Continuum: Marvel Super Hero Squad".
  41. ^ "Crimson Dynamo".
  42. ^ "Secret Avengers". Avengers Assemble. Season 2. Episode 17. May 3, 2015.
  43. ^ "The Rise of Doc Ock Pt. 1". Spider-Man. Season 1. Episode 15. January 21, 2018. Disney XD.
  44. ^ "Behind The Voice Actors – Marvel Future Avengers". Behind The Voice Actors.
  45. ^ Graser, Marc; Fleming, Michael (2009-03-12). "Mickey Rourke set for 'Iron Man 2'". Variety. Retrieved 2019-07-23.
  46. ^ "Marvel News, Blog, Articles & Press Releases". Marvel Entertainment. Retrieved 2021-10-31.
  47. ^ "New LEGO Marvel's Avengers characters announced". 12 November 2015.
  48. ^ "Crimson Dynamo | Marvel: Avengers Alliance 2". Archived from the original on 2016-04-19. Retrieved 2016-04-05.
  49. ^ Evans, Laura (February 12, 2023). "Stan Lee Loved a Classic Paul McCartney Song About a Future MCU Star".