Wilson as The Falcon, accompanied by his falcon Redwing
Publication information
PublisherMarvel Comics
First appearanceAs Falcon:
Captain America #117 (September 1969)
As Captain America:
Captain America (vol. 7) #25 (December 2014)
Created byStan Lee
Gene Colan
In-story information
Alter egoSamuel Thomas "Sam" Wilson
Team affiliationsAvengers
"Defenders for a Day"
Heroes for Hire
Mighty Avengers
Avengers Unity Squad
PartnershipsCaptain America
Bucky Barnes
Notable aliases"Snap" Wilson, Falcon, Blackwing, Blackbird, Captain America
  • Expert bird trainer
  • Skilled hand-to-hand combatant, martial artist, aerialist, and acrobat
  • Flight via wing harness
  • Proficient tactician and strategist
  • Empathic and telepathic link with all birds

Falcon (Samuel Thomas "Sam" Wilson) is a superhero appearing in American comic books published by Marvel Comics. The character was introduced by writer-editor Stan Lee and artist Gene Colan in Captain America #117 (September 1969), and was the first African-American superhero in mainstream comic books.[1][2]

As the superhero Falcon, Wilson uses mechanical wings to fly, and has limited telepathic and empathic control over birds. Following Steve Rogers's retirement, Wilson becomes the newest Captain America in All-New Captain America #1 (January 2015) and leader of the Avengers. Wilson's deceased nephew was the Incredible Hulk's sometime-sidekick Jim Wilson, one of the first openly HIV-positive comic-book characters. Jim Wilson's father Gideon Wilson would go on to join the Gamma Corps.

Sam Wilson as Falcon and Captain America has made several media appearances, such as the Marvel Cinematic Universe films Captain America: The Winter Soldier (2014), Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015), Ant-Man (2015), Captain America: Civil War (2016), Avengers: Infinity War (2018), Avengers: Endgame (2019), and the television series The Falcon and the Winter Soldier (2021), in which the character is portrayed by Anthony Mackie.

Publication history

Samuel Thomas Wilson, known as the Falcon, was the first African-American superhero in mainstream comic books.[1][2][a] The character first appeared in Captain America #117 (Sept. 1969).[3]

Created by writer-editor Stan Lee and artist Gene Colan,[3] he came about, Colan recalled in 2008,

...in the late 1960s [when news of the] Vietnam War and civil rights protests were regular occurrences, and Stan, always wanting to be at the forefront of things, started bringing these headlines into the comics. ... One of the biggest steps we took in this direction came in Captain America. I enjoyed drawing people of every kind. I drew as many different types of people as I could into the scenes I illustrated, and I loved drawing black people. I always found their features interesting and so much of their strength, spirit and wisdom written on their faces. I approached Stan, as I remember, with the idea of introducing an African-American hero and he took to it right away. ... I looked at several African-American magazines, and used them as the basis of inspiration for bringing The Falcon to life.[4]

He was introduced as an unnamed former resident of New York City's Harlem neighborhood, who had adopted a wild falcon he trained and named Redwing (His own name, Sam Wilson, was not given until page five of the following issue). When a group of men on an island "in the tropics" wanted a hunting falcon, Wilson answered the ad, only to discover that the self-dubbed "Exiles" were former Nazis in league with the supervillain the Red Skull. He escaped, but remained on the island to organize the natives to confront the Exiles, who had turned them into serfs. At the urging of Steve Rogers, whom he later learned was Captain America, Wilson took on the costumed identity of the Falcon and underwent training with Rogers in order to better inspire the villagers and lead the fight.[5][6]

Through most of the 1970s, the Falcon and Captain America were a team in New York City. The series was cover-billed Captain America and the Falcon from issues #134–192 and 194–222 (February 1971 – June 1978),[7] though still copyrighted as Captain America. In issue #186 (June 1975), writer Steve Englehart retconned aspects of the Falcon's past. Originally depicted as a former social worker, motivated by a desire to better the lives of inner-city youth, the Falcon was revealed as a mob-connected thug whose memories were altered by the reality-warping Cosmic Cube.

The Falcon briefly joined the superhero team the Defenders, appearing in issues #62–64 (August–October 1978), and was a member of the Avengers from issues #183–194 (May 1979 – April 1980). During this time he also starred in a solo adventure in issue #49 of the try-out series Marvel Premiere; however, the story was not a try-out for a Falcon series, but an intended fill-in issue of Captain America which was shuffled into Marvel Premiere when the editors objected to having an issue of Captain America with someone other than the title character as the star.[8] He starred in his own four-issue miniseries in 1983, written by Jim Owsley. Its first issue was illustrated by Paul Smith with the final three issues by Mark Bright. The series revealed that the Falcon was a mutant, although this development was later retconned in the Avengers 2001 Annual.[9]

After regularly appearing in Captain America vol. 2 (November 1996 – November 1997), the Falcon rejoined the Avengers in The Avengers vol. 3, #1 (February 1998). This time, he remained with the team, becoming one of its most prominent members by issue #57 (Oct. 2002). Concurrently, he was also a supporting character in Captain America vols. 3–4 (January 1998 – February 2002 and June 2002 – December 2004). The Falcon next appeared in the short-lived Captain America and the Falcon series, in 2004 and 2005. After the events of the storyline "Avengers Disassembled", when the Scarlet Witch temporarily restored his criminal personality, the Falcon became a supporting character in Captain America vol. 5 (January 2005 – July 2009). The Falcon continued to play a significant role in the series after it returned to its original numbering, beginning with Captain America #600 (Aug. 2009).

Falcon was a member of the Avengers in the 2012 Marvel NOW! relaunch.[10]

On July 16, 2014, Marvel Comics announced that Sam Wilson would relinquish the mantle of Falcon and would become the new Captain America, succeeding Steve Rogers in the role.[11] During this run, it is established that Sam Wilsons's "Snap" backstory as a drug dealing pimp was fake memories implanted by the Red Skull to discredit Sam through racism.[12]

An ongoing series starring Sam Wilson as Captain America launched in October 2015, as part of Marvel's post-Secret Wars relaunch, written by Nick Spencer and Daniel Acuña.[13]

Wilson temporarily returns to the role of Captain America in the 2017 miniseries Marvel's Generations.[14]

Wilson resumed the identity of Falcon in a series written by Rodney Barnes that debuted in late 2017, the character's first solo series since 1983.[15][16]

Fictional character biography

Early life

Samuel Thomas Wilson was born in Harlem, New York City, to Paul Wilson, a prominent minister, and Darlene Wilson. Wilson has a happy childhood and finds he has a natural affinity for birds. He takes up training pigeons, and has the largest pigeon coop in Harlem.[17] In his teens, however, encounters with racism leave him jaded.[18] When he is 16, Wilson refuses to join the church, believing his deeply religious parents to be ignorant for their faith. To his surprise, rather than put up a fight, his parents provide him with books on different religions and comparative theology. The next night, however, Sam's father is killed trying to break up a neighborhood fight (originally Paul was said to have been killed when Sam was 9 years old).[19] Two years later, his mother is shot and killed by a mugger one block from their apartment.[20][21] The tragic death of his parents does not stop Sam from being a respected community volunteer.[12]

As a grown adult, Sam continued doing social work and meets Captain America on Exile Island (years later, he would say "I actually loved this place quite a bit. It's where I met my two best friends," referring to Captain America and Redwing).[22] The once-peaceful island had been taken over by the Exiles, a group of would-be world conquerors who had collaborated with the Nazi supervillain the Red Skull during World War II. They had been betrayed by the Red Skull and were forced to remain in hiding on the island, enslaving the natives. Wilson finds and befriends Redwing, a falcon with which he feels a remarkably strong bond.[23]

Becoming the Falcon

Wilson is an upright and cheerful social worker who is eventually lured to the Exiles' island and organizes the natives to fight for their freedom. Steve Rogers (Captain America) befriends him there and convinces Wilson to adopt a persona to inspire the natives in their rebellion. The two create the costumed persona the Falcon and train together extensively before attacking and defeating the Exiles and the Red Skull.[17] The Falcon becomes Captain America's regular partner in crime-fighting,[24] and briefly even takes on the Captain America costume and identity when Rogers is believed to have been killed.[25]

Later, again as the Falcon, Wilson receives help from the Black Panther, who creates a harness for Wilson, allowing him to fly.[26] When Rogers briefly abandons his Captain America identity, others attempt to take up the mantle, including a young man named Roscoe whom the Falcon mentors. When the Red Skull eventually kills Roscoe, Rogers again becomes Captain America.[27]

Soon afterwards, the Red Skull tricks Sam into believing that he had a secret past as Snap Wilson, a professional Los Angeles criminal and gang member persona created out of grief and "angry at the world" following the death of Sam's parents. Red Skull makes the untruthful claim that the Cosmic Cube was used to erase the memories of this Snap Wilson past so that Sam could be used as a mole for Red Skull. Red Skull then unsuccessfully attempts to use the Cosmic Cube to make the Falcon kill Captain America.[28] Believing in the existence of this fake criminal past but deciding to continue as a hero, the Falcon is eventually named head of the Super Agents at the espionage agency S.H.I.E.L.D..[29][12]

US government superhero liaison Henry Peter Gyrich then recruits Wilson, one of the few active black superheroes, to fill a mandated racial quota for the venerable team the Avengers.[30] Resentful of being a "token", the Falcon quits at the first opportunity. He debuts a new costume when he fights the supervillain Taskmaster.[31]


Falcon becomes a member of the new team of Avengers assembled to fight the international menace Scorpio as a United Nations peacekeeping agency. By this point, Falcon had discovered that he could extend his telepathic bond with Redwing, allowing him to control other birds and "see" through their eyes. He uses this ability to spy on Henry Gyrich (now the Avengers' liaison with the United Nations) and discovers that the United States' Secretary of Defense, Dell Rusk, has been pressuring Gyrich to spy on the Avengers and turn over their secrets. Although initially hostile to one another, Falcon convinces Gyrich to help the Avengers spy on Rusk, feeding him false information while gathering evidence to expose him. They discover that Rusk is actually the Red Skull, who has launched a biological weapon attack on the United States, intending to use the ensuing panic to gain control over America's government and start a war with other countries. Falcon is instrumental in defeating the Red Skull.[32]

It is around this period of time that, a new "Captain America" secretly created by the Office of Naval Intelligence (O.N.I.) goes rogue and begins eliminating anything and anyone he sees as a source of terrorism. To draw out this agent (dubbed "The Anti-Cap"), O.N.I. leaks information about their involvement in a biological weapons project with the notorious Rivas Family, powerful Cuban drug lords. Reporter and social activist Leila Taylor investigates this rumor and attempts to smuggle a sample of the virus into America, but she is arrested by U.S. forces in Cuba. Falcon, who is a friend of Taylor, breaks her out of prison and investigates her claims, destroying the Rivas Family's biological weapons lab and obtaining a sample of the mysterious virus they were developing for O.N.I. Falcon is able to fly Leila back to America (although his flying harness is destroyed in a hurricane) while Captain America follows Falcon's directions and retrieves the virus sample. The Anti-Cap kills the head of the Rivas family, and pursues Leila, Falcon, and Cap, intent on obtaining the virus sample. After reuniting, Falcon and Captain America are able to barely defeat the Anti-Cap. Realizing that O.N.I.'s goal was to draw out their rogue agent to execute him, Captain America arranges to have the Anti-Cap secretly imprisoned in the Wakandan embassy until O.N.I. agrees not to kill him.[33]

Since Captain America and Falcon now possess both O.N.I.'s rogue agent and the last remaining sample of O.N.I.'s virus, O.N.I. begins to put increasing amounts of pressure on the heroes. Falcon is especially targeted – he had broken Leila out of Federal Custody, and his alleged criminal history makes it easier for O.N.I. to create further false charges against him. Falcon soon finds himself on the run from O.N.I.[volume & issue needed]

Meanwhile, the superheroine the Scarlet Witch, having gone insane, begins using her powers to re-create many of the Avengers' greatest trials and tragedies. She destabilizes the Falcon's mind, causing him to act increasingly like the "Snap Wilson" persona. He begins carrying a gun, keeps secrets from his friends, assaults Leila's boyfriend Norman when he protests they go into hiding, and uses a high power rifle to shoot at his friend Robbie Robertson (to fool Robbie into thinking O.N.I. was threatening to kill him). Although they succeed in exposing the illegal activities of O.N.I. and clear Wilson's name, Sam's methods cause his relationship with Captain America to become strained. Cap confronts Falcon about his recent actions, and Falcon, angered at what he sees as an ultimatum, terminates their partnership. As they are walking away, Norman (who blames Falcon for the end of his relationship with Leila) appears and shoots at Falcon. Captain America is seriously injured by the stray bullets, and even appears to die. The shock of watching his best friend seemingly die because of his actions has a powerful effect on Sam, who briefly gives up being Falcon and reexamines his life.[34]

Sam Wilson reappears as Falcon in the 2005 "House of M" storyline and in the 2006–07 "Civil War" storyline.[35] In the latter, he supports Captain America against the Superhuman Registration Act. When the Captain becomes incapacitated, Falcon temporarily assumes leadership of the "Secret Avengers" rebel group.[36] Following Captain America's assassination by the machinations of the Red Skull, the Falcon registers with the government and is made responsible for Harlem, although he continues to maintain contact with the underground New Avengers.[37] He is also called upon to investigate the Captain's assassination by locating Winter Soldier and tracking down the Red Skull.[38]

Becoming Captain America

Wilson as Captain America on the cover of All-New Captain America #1 (November 2014). Art by Stuart Immonen.

Wilson appears in the 2010 "Shadowland" storyline as Falcon, after which he becomes an operative in the new incarnation of the Heroes for Hire team, in the book of the same name.[39] He later appears in the 2012 "Avengers vs. X-Men" storyline, helping She-Hulk and several other Avengers contain the students at the Jean Grey School for Higher Learning.[40]

As part of the 2012 - 2015 Marvel NOW! relaunch, Wilson rejoins the Avengers after Iron Man and Captain America choose to expand the team's line-up.[41] After Rogers is aged into an old man, he appoints Wilson as his 'official' replacement as Captain America.[42] During a confrontation with the Red Skull's daughter Sin, it is revealed that the "Snap" identity was a fake memory implanted into Sam by the Red Skull in an attempt to discredit the hero through racism.[12]

As part of the 2015 All-New, All-Different Marvel initiative, Captain America investigated the disappearance of Mexican teenager Joaquin Torres after he was abducted by the Sons of the Serpent.[43] After fighting Armadillo and capturing the leader of the hate group,[44] Captain America discovered that Joaquin was being used in the experiments of Karl Malus who turned Joaquin into a bird/human hybrid using Captain America's pet bird Redwing. When Karl Malus was defeated, Captain America took Joaquin in.[45] When it was discovered Joaquin's bird/human hybrid condition wasn't temporary, Captain America learned from Claire Temple that Joaquin's condition was permanent due to Redwing being vampiric and sporting a healing factor.[46] When Captain America was captured by the Serpent Society and thrown out the window by Viper, he was saved by Joaquin.[47] Using his link with Redwing, Captain America telepathically sent Joaquin the knowledge on how to fight where he held his own until Misty Knight and Demolition Man showed up. After the Serpent Society was defeated, Captain America allowed Joaquin to become his sidekick, enabling him to become the new Falcon.[48]

During the 2016 "Avengers: Standoff!" storyline, Sam, after defeating the Green Skull, is contacted by Whisperer (an alias of Rick Jones). After meeting Whisperer, he learns that S.H.I.E.L.D. never discarded the Kobik project as he thought they did. He meets with Steve Rogers, where they follow a lead to a town in Connecticut and are later picked up by S.H.I.E.L.D. agents.[49] He then meets the Winter Soldier and rescue S.H.I.E.L.D. agent Avril Kincaid from the Blood Brothers, who informs them of a super-weapon hidden in the town that Baron Zemo and the other villains are looking for. They then head to the bowling alley where Kobik uses her powers to restore Steve Rogers to his prime when he was about to be killed by Crossbones. They begin looking for Kobik again only to discover that Baron Zemo had Fixer invent a device that would help find Kobik as Kraven the Hunter rallies the villains to help with their goals. Upon not being able to successfully locate Kobik, Steve Rogers decides to rally the heroes so that they can take the fight to Baron Zemo.[50] In the aftermath of the incident, Steve and Sam plan to keep what happened at Pleasant Hill under wraps at the time being.[51]

After the "Standoff!" storyline, Sam begins to face public pressure to return the shield and mantle of Captain America to Steve, as does Maria Hill for the consequences of her actions on Pleasant Hill. He and Steve then begin to secretly plan for a way to get Hill to face her crimes publicly. During a press conference, Sam encounters the mercenary Chance who was about to kill Steve in the middle of his speech. After defeating him, Sam receives a hero's welcome when Steve announces him to the public as Captain America. While getting arrested, Chance tells Sam that he was on Pleasant Hill and that he didn't agree with the heroes' actions.[52]

During the 2016 "Civil War II" storyline, Captain America attends War Machine's funeral, where he delivers an inspirational speech. He then has private conversations with Iron Man and Captain Marvel, over which side he should choose. Months later, Wilson watches a TV broadcast about former New Warrior Rage engaging in a fight with the Americops, a private police force funded by Keane Industries, in Brooklyn. Intending to stop the fight, Wilson, along with Redwing and Falcon, try to contain the situation. Sam manages to stop the fight, although not without fighting the Americops, for which he knew the media would portray him negatively. As he leaves, he is attacked from behind by U.S. Agent. After a brief argument, Captain America and U.S. Agent begin to fight, with U.S. Agent gaining the upper hand, until Sam drags him into a tunnel where the darkness and the great horned owls that reside in it allow him to win the fight.[volume & issue needed] After defeating U.S. Agent and receiving an argument from Rage, Wilson returns to his headquarters where he decides to put a tiny implant in his brain that will enhance his ability to see what birds see, enabling him to transmit them into a data storage facility that converts them into images and videos. He decides to further investigate the Americops to find proof of their violent activities.[53]

While accompanying Steve Rogers on a mission to stop Flag-Smasher from leaking America's nuclear launch codes, Wilson fails to save a senator from being shot by the villain, further compromising his current public image. This is subsequently revealed to have been deliberately staged by Rogers who has been converted to believe he is a Hydra sleeper agent since childhood. Using his greater familiarity with the shield, Rogers deliberately put Wilson in a position where he would be unable to use the shield to save the senator, with the final goal of demoralizing Sam to the point where he will return the shield to Rogers of his own free will (not wanting to kill Wilson and risk creating a martyr).[54]

After discovering that Rage was arrested and accused of robbing a pawn shop which Man Mountain Marko and Speed Demon committed, Sam offers him professional help from other heroes, but Rage turns it down, preferring that he should be the one to prove his innocence. After consulting with his brother and Rogers, Sam posts a video on the internet showing footage of the Americops beating up Rage, exposing their violent activities. During Rage's trial, a frustrated Sam leaves the courtroom and captures Speed Demon, who confesses to his and Man Mountain Marko's involvement in the pawn shop robbery. Upon returning to the court, Misty tells Sam that the verdict was already given. While people protest over Rage's arrest, Sam tries his best to calm them. Sam leaves a letter which explains he is ending his role as Captain America and returning the shield to Steve Rogers[55]

During the 2017 "Secret Empire" storyline, Sam has spent time alone in a desert and returns to the city where he discovers Hydra's takeover of America and that Steve Rogers is their leader. Sam rescues a woman and her Inhuman daughter from Hydra enforcers, Sam reluctantly helps them to safety. He reunites with Misty Knight and Demolition Man and helps smuggle other Inhumans out of the country. He helps Ant-Man smuggle his daughter Cassandra Lang then declines their offer to join the underground resistance.[56] When Hawkeye and the Tony Stark A.I. reveal that Kobik was responsible for Steve's change, Sam agrees to help smuggle them out of the country so they can find the Cosmic Cube's fragments.[57] Sam takes the group through an abandoned subway tunnel where they encounter Mole Man, with whom Sam strikes a deal when they are attacked by Dreadnoughts sent by Hydra. After crossing the tunnel, the group departs in a jet plane.[58] They arrive in a mansion where Ultron resides, since he is in possession of the shard. They encounter Steve Rogers and his Avengers until Ultron captures them. After a brief battle, Ultron allows them to leave and gives the shard to Tony's team. Steve muses that he is unconcerned about who will acquire the fragments as he has an inside man in the Tony Stark A.I.'s team.[59]

After a series of dead ends, the team returns to the hideout, where Sam reunites with Misty, until Hydra forces arrive and begin their assault on the base. During the battle, Sam helps the other heroes in protecting the refugees and battling Hydra's Avengers and a revived Bruce Banner as the Hulk until the base explodes.[60] In the aftermath of the attack, Sam appears standing on top of the rubble as Captain America to inspire America's superheroes to not surrender.[61] It is later revealed that Sam had a conversation with Misty Knight and Rayshaun Lucas, the new Patriot, which has persuaded him to reassume the role of Captain America, leading the resistance and wielding Rogers' original round shield as a symbol of hope.[62] Sam uses the Cosmic Cube fragment acquired by the resistance to help destroy the Darkforce dome surrounding Manhattan and the planetary defense shield, releasing all the trapped heroes. Liberating all the imprisoned Inhumans, the Underground attacks the Capitol which attracts the attention of Steve Rogers, who arrives wearing Cosmic Cube-powered armor. During the final battle, Sam fakes surrender and gives the fragment to Steve, only for Winter Soldier to intervene and bring Kobik and the real Steve Rogers back. The restored Steve Rogers manages to defeat the Hydra Steve Rogers with Thor's hammer and Kobik restores reality back to normal.[63]

Return as Falcon

Upon taking the second Patriot on as his sidekick, they travel to Chicago to deal with an outbreak of gang violence, unaware that Blackheart is posing as the city's Mayor.[64]

Powers, abilities, and equipment


In his earliest appearances, Wilson exhibits a close bond with his bird Redwing, which is confirmed as being a telepathic link by Professor X in Captain America #174. The Red Skull later claims that he had used the Cosmic Cube to create a "super-normal mental link" between Sam Wilson and Redwing.[65] Falcon later recalled memories of such an experience, stating he "Hurt like hell. Being mentally fused with that falcon. Able to see through his eyes".[66]

Wilson eventually revealed that he has been able to extend this empathic link. "I'm always psychically connected with Redwing, but through concentration, i've recently tapped into another ability - i'm able to link-up with other birds. I have over six billion pairs of eyes in the United States alone". He used this ability to quickly search New York City when the criminal Scarecrow kidnapped two children,[67] as well as to spy on Senator Dell Rusk (actually the Red Skull in disguise) and Henry Peter Gyrich.[68] He is also apparently able to access the memories of birds, and see things they had witnessed in the past (although birds have a different concept of the passage of time, which makes it difficult for him to know when any events they witnessed occurred).[69]


Wilson is a skilled hand-to-hand combatant, having been trained in Judo[70] and Karate[71] by Steve Rogers. Wilson is also highly skilled in the use of Captain America's shield.[volume & issue needed]

Uniform and flight harness

Wilson's original Falcon wing harness featured detachable jet-powered glider wings made of lightweight titanium ribbing and Mylar. The wings were covered with wafer-thin solar power receptors that convert sunlight into electricity to power miniature high-speed electric turbine fans in his uniform and boots. The wings detached and reattached to his uniform cybernetically. The harness was destroyed in Captain America and the Falcon #2 (2004). The uniform was made of synthetic stretch fabric lined with a steel-alloy mesh.[volume & issue needed]

After the original flying harness's destruction in a 2004 storyline,[72] the Black Panther supplied Falcon with a new costume and wings. An emitter array on Falcon's back creates holographic "hard light" wings with a maximum wingspan of up to 50 feet (15 m). Controlled by a cybernetic link, the wings can be instantly reconfigured into "dozens of different cruise configurations". A "magnetic drive", in turn, provides the thrust needed to get Falcon airborne. The emitter also possesses GPS jamming devices that prevent satellite tracking, while the hard-light wings interfere with infra-red tracking. A vibranium microwave was added to the costume itself, making Falcon resistant to small arms fire.[73] The entire system is controlled mentally through cybernetic circuitry in the Falcon's mask. The costume has in the past featured a hidden "talon", a cybernetically controlled grappling line built into the gauntlets of his costume which he uses to entangle opponents, hook objects or for swinging and climbing when his wings are detached. The costume's visors come equipped with various capabilities, including infrared lenses, giving him the ability to see objects by their infrared signature at night, magnification capabilities, and remote imaging sensors that allow a full 360 degree of vision when activated. The cowl also has a wideband receiver and transmitter with an unspecified range. The suit was originally built by the Black Panther,[74] with costume modifications by Desmond Burrell.[volume & issue needed]

Other characters named Falcon

Joaquin Torres

As part of the 2015 All-New, All-Different Marvel branding, Captain America (Sam Wilson) investigated the disappearance of Mexican teenager Joaquin Torres after he was abducted by the Sons of the Serpent.[43] Captain America discovered that Joaquin was being used in the experiments of Karl Malus who turned Joaquin into a bird/human hybrid using Captain America's pet bird Redwing. When Karl Malus was defeated, Captain America took Joaquin in.[45] When it was discovered Joaquin's bird/human hybrid condition wasn't temporary, Captain America learned from Claire Temple that Joaquin's condition was permanent due to Redwing being vampiric and sporting a healing factor.[46] When Captain America was captured by the Serpent Society and thrown out the window by Viper, he was saved by Joaquin.[47] Using his link with Redwing, Captain America telepathically sent Joaquin the knowledge on how to fight where he held his own until Misty Knight and Demolition Man showed up. After the Serpent Society was defeated, Captain America allowed Joaquin to become his sidekick, enabling him to become the new Falcon.[48]

During the "Secret Empire" storyline, Falcon II and Ironheart join the Champions when they join up with the Underground.[75]

Adrian Toomes

Main article: Vulture (Marvel Comics)

In a 2017 storyline, Adrian Toomes developed a modified version of his electromagnetic wing harness with a reinforced helmet and lightweight, razor-sharp, nano-woven wings that responded to his mental commands. He temporarily took the name Falcon, believing it was vacant at the time, and robbed a location in East Village. He fought Spider-Man until they were both immobilized by a new Trapster, who made off with Toomes' loot.[76]

Carl Burgess

A similar, unrelated character of the same name and powers was created in 1939 by writer-artist Bill Everett for Marvel Comics' predecessor company, Timely Comics.[citation needed]

Other versions

The Ultimate Marvel version of Falcon on the cover of Ultimate Comics: The Ultimates #7 (April 2012). Art by Kaare Andrews.

In other media


Marvel Cinematic Universe

Main article: Sam Wilson (Marvel Cinematic Universe)


Sam Wilson / Falcon appears in the Marvel Universe: LIVE! arena stage show.[98]

Theme parks

Sam Wilson / Captain America will appear in the Avengers Campus at the Disney California Adventure as a meet-and-greet character.[99]

Video games


Wilson was placed as the 96th greatest comic book hero by IGN, which opined that the partnership between him and Steve Rogers forms one of the greatest crime-fighting duos in comics,[112] and as #45 on their list of the "Top 50 Avengers".[113]

See also


  1. ^ Marvel had previously introduced the Black Panther, a native of the fictional African country Wakanda.[1] The first comic starring a black character was Dell Comics' Old West gunfighter Lobo, introduced in 1965.


  1. ^ a b c Brothers, David (February 18, 2011). "A Marvel Black History Lesson Pt. 1". Marvel Senior Vice President of Publishing Tom Brevoort: "The Falcon was the very first African-American super hero, as opposed to The Black Panther, who preceded him, but wasn't American.". Marvel Comics. Archived from the original on February 23, 2011.
  2. ^ a b Sanderson, Peter; Gilbert, Laura, ed. (2008). "1940s". Marvel Chronicle A Year by Year History. "The Black Panther may have broken the mold as Marvel's first black superhero, but he was from Africa. The Falcon, however, was the first black American superhero". London, United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. p. 137. ISBN 978-0756641238. ((cite book)): |first2= has generic name (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  3. ^ a b "GCD :: Issue :: Captain America #117". comics.org.
  4. ^ Colan, Gene. "Introduction," Marvel Masterworks: Captain American Volume 4 (Marvel Publishing : New York, 2008), p. 2 of introduction (unnumbered)
  5. ^ Captain America #117–118 (September–October 1969). Writer: Stan Lee. Penciler: Gene Colan. Publisher: Magazine Management Company. Brand: Marvel Comics.
  6. ^ Wells, John (2014). American Comic Book Chronicles: 1965-1969. TwoMorrows Publishing. p. 268. ISBN 978-1605490557.
  7. ^ Captain America cover scans, page 1 to page 4, at the Grand Comics Database
  8. ^ Brennaman, Chris (April 2014). "Marvel Premiere". Back Issue! (71). Raleigh, North Carolina: TwoMorrows Publishing: 29–30.
  9. ^ Cronin, Brian (December 10, 2011). "The Abandoned An' Forsaked – The Falcon is a Mutant?!". CBR. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  10. ^ Ching, Albert (September 4, 2012). "UPDATED: 1st Look at Marvel NOW! AVENGERS Lineup". Newsarama.
  11. ^ Sacks, Ethan (July 17, 2014). "New Captain America will be African-American, as the Falcon takes over the star-spangled mantle in the comic books". New York Daily News.
  12. ^ a b c d All-Captain America #3. Marvel Comics.
  13. ^ "Sam Wilson, Captain America Soars Higher than Ever | News | Marvel.com". marvel.com. Retrieved November 9, 2015.
  14. ^ Rothman, Michael (April 20, 2017). "Exclusive: Original Wolverine, Hulk and more to return in Marvel's 'Generations'". ABC News. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
  15. ^ Couto, Anthony (June 23, 2017). "Marvel Legacy: Sam Wilson Returns as The Falcon". CBR.com.
  16. ^ Lovett, Jamie (July 5, 2017). "Marvel Legacy: Rodney Barnes To Have Falcon Wrestle With Demons In New Series". ComicBook.com.
  17. ^ a b Lee, Stan Captain America #117–119 (Sept.–Nov. 1969)
  18. ^ Englehart, Steve. Captain America #186
  19. ^ Captain America #277
  20. ^ Johns, Geoff. Avengers volume 3, #64
  21. ^ Priest, Christopher J. Captain America and the Falcon #7
  22. ^ Priest, Christopher J. Captain America and the Falcon, #11
  23. ^ Captain America #186
  24. ^ Captain America #133
  25. ^ Captain America: Sentinel of Liberty #8–9 (April–May 1999)
  26. ^ Englehart, Steve, and Mike Friedrich. Captain America #170 (Feb. 1974)
  27. ^ Englehart, Steve. Captain America #181–183 (Jan.–March 1975)
  28. ^ Englehart, Steve, and John Warner. Captain America #186 (June 1975)
  29. ^ Glut, Donald F. Captain America #218 (Feb. 1978)
  30. ^ Avengers #184 (June 1979)
  31. ^ Captain America Annual #11
  32. ^ Johns, Geoff. Avengers, Volume 3, #57–70
  33. ^ Priest, Christopher J. Captain America and the Falcon #1–4, May–July 2004
  34. ^ Priest, Christopher J. Captain America and the Falcon. #1–14
  35. ^ House of M #1, Captain America vol. 5, #12, Civil War #1
  36. ^ Civil War #4
  37. ^ Jeph Loeb (w), John Cassaday (a). "The Death of Captain America, Chapter 5: Acceptance" Fallen Son: The Death of Captain America, no. 5 (August 2007).
  38. ^ Captain America vol.5, #31–33 (Dec. 2007 – Feb. 2008), Marvel Comics.
  39. ^ Heroes for Hire vol. 4 #1. Marvel Comics.
  40. ^ X-Men Legacy #266. Marvel Comics.
  41. ^ Avengers (vol. 5) #1. Marvel Comics.
  42. ^ Captain America (vol.7) #25. Marvel Comics.
  43. ^ a b Captain America: Sam Wilson #1. Marvel Comics.
  44. ^ Captain America: Sam Wilson #2. Marvel Comics.
  45. ^ a b Captain America: Sam Wilson #3. Marvel Comics.
  46. ^ a b Captain America: Sam Wilson #4. Marvel Comics.
  47. ^ a b Captain America: Sam Wilson #5. Marvel Comics.
  48. ^ a b Captain America: Sam Wilson #6. Marvel Comics.
  49. ^ Avengers Standoff: Assault on Pleasant Hill Alpha! #1
  50. ^ Captain America: Sam Wilson #7-8. Marvel Comics.
  51. ^ Avengers Standoff: Assault on Pleasant Hill Omega #1. Marvel Comics.
  52. ^ Captain America: Sam Wilson #9. Marvel Comics.
  53. ^ Captain America: Sam Wilson #10-13. Marvel Comics.
  54. ^ Captain America: Sam Wilson #14. Marvel Comics.
  55. ^ Captain America: Sam Wilson #18-21. Marvel Comics.
  56. ^ Captain America: Sam Wilson #22
  57. ^ Secret Empire #3
  58. ^ Captain America: Sam Wilson #23
  59. ^ Secret Empire #4
  60. ^ Secret Empire #5-6
  61. ^ Secret Empire #7
  62. ^ Captain America: Sam Wilson #24
  63. ^ Secret Empire #8-10
  64. ^ Barnes, Rodney; Thompson, Robbie (w), Cassara, Joshua; Bagley, Mark (p), Hennessy, Andrew (i). (Anthology), Falcon (Vol. 2) #1 (December 2017). Marvel Comics.
  65. ^ Englehart, Steve. Captain America #186. Marvel Comics, 1975
  66. ^ Johns, Geoff. Avengers vol. 3 #60. Marvel Comics, 2003
  67. ^ Johns, Geoff. Avengers vol. 3 #64. Marvel Comics, 2003
  68. ^ Johns, Geoff. Avengers vol. 3 #61–69. Marvel Comics, 2003–2004
  69. ^ Brubaker, Ed. Captain America vol. 5 #35. Marvel Comics, 2008
  70. ^ Captain America and the Falcon vol. 1 #163 (July 1973)
  71. ^ Captain America vol 1 #118 (October 1969)
  72. ^ Priest, Christopher (w). Captain America and the Falcon #2 (2004). Marvel Comics
  73. ^ Priest, Christopher Captain America and the Falcon #6, Marvel Comics (2004)
  74. ^ Captain America #170 (February 1974). Marvel Comics
  75. ^ Secret Empire #1. Marvel Comics.
  76. ^ Free Comic Book Day Vol 2017 Secret Empire. Marvel Comics.
  77. ^ Gillis, Peter B. (w), Buscema, Sal (p), Simons, Dave (i). "What If?... Captain America Were Not Revived Until Today?" What If?, no. 44 (1983).
  78. ^ Marvel Comics 3 #3. Marvel Comics.
  79. ^ Black Panther (vol. 2) #37. Marvel Comics.
  80. ^ Ultimate Nightmare #1–5. Marvel Comics.
  81. ^ Ultimate Extinction #1–5. Marvel Comics.
  82. ^ Captain America Vol. 2 #1
  83. ^ Captain America (Vol 2) #1–12. Marvel Comics.
  84. ^ Avengers: The Children's Crusade: Young Avengers #1. Marvel Comics.
  85. ^ Daredevil: End of Days #2
  86. ^ A-Force #1
  87. ^ a b Spider-Gwen vol. 2 #2. Marvel Comics.
  88. ^ Heroes Reborn: Young Squadron #1. Marvel Comics.
  89. ^ "Marvel Super Hero Squad Voice Cast". Comics Continuum. July 28, 2009. Retrieved January 10, 2011.
  90. ^ "DVD Review: The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes! Vol 1 & 2 (Disney)". Pendragon's Post. April 24, 2011. Archived from the original on September 10, 2012.
  91. ^ Sands, Rich (June 12, 2012). "Exclusive: Marvel Assembles New Animated Series for the Hulk and Avengers". Comic Book Resources.
  92. ^ "NYCC: Marvel to Premiere Avengers Assemble & Agents of S.M.A.S.H. Next Summer". Superhero Hype. October 13, 2012. Retrieved March 30, 2013.
  93. ^ "Into the Future". Avengers Assemble. Season 3. Episode 13. August 22, 2016. Disney XD.
  94. ^ Avenging Spider-Man. Ulimate Spider-Man. 2012.
  95. ^ "'Captain America: The Winter Soldier' Character Bios, Fun Facts (Minor Spoilers)". Stitch Kingdom. February 14, 2014. Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved February 15, 2014.
  96. ^ Galuppo, Mia (October 16, 2020). "'On My Block' Actor Danny Ramirez Joins 'Falcon & the Winter Soldier'". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on October 16, 2020. Retrieved March 19, 2021.
  97. ^ Fleming Jr., Mike (August 18, 2021). "Anthony Mackie Closes Deal To Star In Disney/Marvel's 'Captain America 4' Film". Deadline Hollywood. Archived from the original on August 18, 2021. Retrieved August 18, 2021.
  98. ^ "Marvel Universe LIVE! Character Designs". Newsarama. November 25, 2013
  99. ^ Celebrate Our New Captain America with a First Look at New Products Inspired by ‘The Falcon and The Winter Soldier’
  100. ^ Cl.eb-cdn.com.au
  101. ^ Zalben, Alex (March 8, 2014). "Exclusive: Marvel's 'Avengers Alliance' Gets 'Winter Soldier' And 'Guardians of The Galaxy' Upgrade". MTV.
  102. ^ "Team-Up Heroes FAQ (Page 1)" Archived 2014-03-26 at the Wayback Machine. Marvel Heroes. March 25, 2014.
  103. ^ "Exclusive: Captain Marvel, Sam Wilson & More Celebrate Fourth of July with Marvel Games". Comic Book Resources. July 1, 2015. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  104. ^ Graser, Marc (September 11, 2014). "'Guardians of the Galaxy' to Break Records for 'Disney Infinity'". Variety.
  105. ^ Robertson, Andy (April 30, 2014). "Marvel Super Heroes Announced". Forbes.
  106. ^ Jones, Elton (May 15, 2015). "'Marvel Future Fight': Top 10 Tips & Cheats You Need to Know". Heavy.com.
  107. ^ Siegel, Lucas (July 11, 2015). "LEGO Marvel's Avengers Reveals Stanbuster, Miss America, More New Characters". Comicbook.com.
  108. ^ "Marvel's Falcon". Playmation.
  109. ^ "John Cena and Colton Haynes Lend Voices to 'Marvel Avengers Academy'". CBR. February 4, 2016. Retrieved June 9, 2020.
  110. ^ [1]
  111. ^ https://www.gamespot.com/articles/switch-exclusive-marvel-ultimate-alliance-3-the-bl/1100-6466297/
  112. ^ "#96 – The Falcon". IGN's Top 100 Comic Book Heroes of All Time. IGN. Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  113. ^ "The Top 50 Avengers". IGN. April 30, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2015.