This article uses bare URLs, which are uninformative and vulnerable to link rot. Please consider converting them to full citations to ensure the article remains verifiable and maintains a consistent citation style. Several templates and tools are available to assist in formatting, such as Reflinks (documentation), reFill (documentation) and Citation bot (documentation). (August 2022) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

This list of comics publishing companies lists companies, specifically publishing companies who primarily publish comics. Comic art is an art medium used to present ideas or stories via images. The images are usually arranged in panels in a sequence that conveys the story. Sounds are expressed using speech balloons and onomatopoeia. European comics have existed since 1837, when Swiss artist Rodolphe Töpffer published Histoire de M. Vieux Bois. The oldest comic publishing company on this list is the now-defunct book publishing company, David McKay Publications that was founded in 1882 and published comics from 1935 to 1950. Most comic publishing companies were established in the United States of America where comics became popular in the mid-1900s.

Publishers

Comics publishing companies
Name Country Active Notes
12 bis France[1] 2008[2] 9998
Active
Blue Comics Brazil[3] 2006[4] 9998
Active
1First Comics US[5][6] 1982 9998
Active
Relaunched in 2011; a.k.a. First Comics
451 Media Group US[7] 2015 9998
Active
Subdivision of Michael Bay's 451 Interactive Publishing[8]
Aardvark-Vanaheim Canada[9] 1977[9] 9998
Active
Most titles moved to Renegade Press in 1985[9]
Abacus Comics US[10] 2006 9998
Active
Bought Alias Comics in 2007[11]
About Comics US[12] 1998 9998
Active
[13]
Abrams ComicArts US 2009 9998
Active
An imprint of Abrams Books[14]
AC Comics US[15] 1969 9998
Active
Former Paragon Publications until 1982; former Americomics until 1984[16]
Ace Comics US 1940 1956 [citation needed] Imprints: A.A. Wyn (Inc.), Ace Books, Inc., Ace Magazines, Inc., Ace Periodicals, Inc., Ace Publications (Inc.), Current Books, Inc., Humor Publications, Inc., Junior Books, Inc., Periodical House, Inc., Unity Publishing Corp.[17]
Acme Press UK 1986 2005 Also known as ACME Press and Acme Comics
Action Lab Comics US[18] 2010[19] 9998
Active
Comics published under imprint: Action Lab Comics Signature Series
AdHouse Books US[20] 2002 9998
Active
[21]
Adult Comics US 1992[22] 1992 Adult-comics imprint of Personality Comics. Titles: Bad Girls; Female Fantasies[23]
Adventure Publications US 1986 1993 Acquired by Malibu Comics in 1989,[24] which was bought by Marvel in 1994.[25] Titles: Elf Warrior; Ninja Elite; Star Rangers[26]
Aftershock Comics US[27] 2015 9998
Active
Aida-Zee Comics US 1990 1997 Titles included Aida-Zee,[28] Paro-Dee, Behold 3-D
Aircel Comics Canada[29] 1985[29] 1994[25] Bought out by Malibu Comics in 1991, which was bought by Marvel in 1994[25]
AiT/Planet Lar US[30] 1999[31] 9998
Active
Ajax-Farrell US[32] 1951 1958 see: Farrell Comic Group[33]
Akita Shoten Japan[34] 1948 9998
Active
[35] Publishes mostly manga-titles
Alias Enterprises US 2005 2007 [36] Published comics as Alias Comics; imprint: Cross Culture. Alias Comics was sold to Abacus Comics[37] and Cross Culture was bought by LAMP PoST Publications in 2007
All-American Publications US[38] 1939[38] 1946[39] Bought out by National Periodicals (DC Comics) in 1946[39]
All Star DC Comics US 2005[40] 2008[40] Defunct imprint of DC Comics. Titles: All-Star Superman; All Star Batman and Robin the Boy Wonder
Alternative Comics US[41] 1993[42] 9998
Active
Shut down in 2008, resumed publishing in 2012.[43] Titles: 9-11: Emergency Relief; The Cute Manifesto; Magic Whistle
Amalgam Comics US 1996 1997 Shared Imprint by DC Comics and Marvel Comics. Defunct in 1997, published reprints in 2003 and 2004[44]
Amazing Comics US 1987 1987[45] Spearheaded by David Campiti; one of the five publishing entities set up by Scott Mitchell Rosenberg/Sunrise Distribution.[46] Some titles were affiliated with Pied Piper Comics. Titles:[47] Barney the Invisible Turtle,[48] Ex-Mutants, Jack Frost
American Comics Group US[49] 1943[49] 1967 [49] Began in 1943 as Creston Publishing
America's Best Comics US 1999 2005 Imprint of WildStorm, altogether sold to DC Comics
Americomics US 1982 1984 Former Paragon Publications from 1969 to 1982; becomes AC Comics in 1984[16]
Anglo-American Publishing Canada[50] 1941[50] 1951[51]
Ankama Editions France[52] 2001 9998
Active
Comics publishing division of Ankama Games[citation needed]
Antarctic Press US[53] 1984[53] 9998
Active
Apex Novelties US[54] 1968 1979 [citation needed] Original publisher of R. Crumb's Zap Comix[55]
Apple Comics US[56] 1986 1994 Began as Imprint of WaRP Graphics. Also known as Apple Press. Imprint: Forbidden Fruit
Approbation Comics US[57] 1992 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Arcana Studio Canada[58] 2004[59] 9998
Active
Titles: Clockwork Girl; Kade; Ezra[60]
Archaia Studios Press US 2002 9998
Active
[citation needed] Bought by Kunoichi Inc. in 2008.[61] Titles: Mouse Guard
Archie Adventure Comics US[62] 1959[63] 1962 Archie Comics superhero imprint. Titles: Adventures of The Fly; Adventures of the Jaguar, Shadow
Archie Comic Publications US[64][65] 1939[64] 9998
Active
Founded as MLJ Magazines, changed to Archie Comic Publications in 1951. Imprints (all currently defunct): Archie Adventure Comics; Belmont Books, Radio Comics (under Mighty Comics); Red Circle Comics; Spectrum Comics
Arrow Comics US[66] 1985 9998
Active
Arrow Comics shut down two times; In 1989, returning in 1993,[67] and in 2000, returning in 2008. Imprint: Arrow Manga. Titles: Tales From The Aniverse; Spank the Monkey; The Dead[68]
Asahi Sonorama Japan 1959 9998
Active
ASCII Media Works Japan 2008 9998
Active
Aspen MLT US[69] 2003[70] 9998
Active
Titles: Aspen; Soulfire; Lady Mechanika[71]
L'Association France 1990 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Asuka France 2004 -9998 [citation needed]
Atlas Comics US 1951 1957 [citation needed] Evolved into Marvel Comics
Atlas/Seaboard Comics US 1974[72] 1975 Relaunched in association with Ardden Entertainment in 2010.[73] Titles: Grim Ghost, Phoenix, Scorpion
Atomeka Press UK 1988
2004
1997
2005
[citation needed]
Avatar Press US[74] 1996 -9998 [citation needed] Dystopian comics
Avon Comics US 1945 1956 [citation needed]
AWA Studios US 2019 9998
Active
Artists, Writers & Artisans[75]
Awesome Comics US 1997 2000 [citation needed] Also known as Awesome Entertainment and Awesome-Hyperwerks
Axis Comics US 1994 1994 [citation needed]
Azteca Productions US 1993 -9998 [citation needed]
Bedside Press Canada[76] 2014 9998
Active
Behemoth Comics US[77] 2020 9998
Active
Acquired Amigo Comics in 2020 and is distributed by Simon & Schuster as well as Diamond Comic Distributors.
Bell Features Canada[78] 1939[78] 1953 a.k.a. Commercial Signs of Canada[78]
Belmont Books US 1960 1971 [citation needed] Paperback-book publishing imprint of Archie Comics, also published reprinted material from Radio Comics. Merged with Tower Books forming Belmont Tower in 1971. Ceased publishing 1980
Beyond Comics US 1997 9998
Active
Publications: "Justice" , "Gekido Vs. Code Name: Justice" , "Gekido" , & "Ravedactyl" Also known as BeyondComics.TV
Big Bang Comics US 1994 -9998 [citation needed] Established in 1994 as imprint of Caliber Press; became independent publisher in 2006
Black Eye Productions Canada[79] 1992[80] 1998[80]
Blackthorne Publishing US 1985 1989 [citation needed]
Blue Juice Comics US[81] 2012 9998
Active
Boneyard Press US[82] 1991[83] 9998
Active
Currently publishing online comics (Vein Water).[84]
Bongo Comics US 1993 2018 [citation needed]
Boom! Studios US 2005 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Boundless Comics US[85] 2010[86] 9998
Active
Imprint of Avatar Press, created solely for publication of Lady Death, bought from CrossGen Entertainment (who themself bought the rights to Lady Death from defunct Chaos! Comics)
BroadSword Comics US 1999 -9998 [citation needed]
Broadway Comics US 1995 1996 [citation needed]
Bubble Comics Russia 2011 9998
Active
Burlyman Entertainment US 2003 9998
Active
Founded by The Wachowskis.
Byron Preiss Visual Publications US 1974 2006 [citation needed]
Bluewater Productions US 2007 -9998 [citation needed]
Caliber Comics US 1989 2000 [citation needed]
Calvary Comics US 2006 -9998 [citation needed]
Capital Comics US 1981 1984 [citation needed] Went bankrupt, all titles acquired by First Comics
Cardal Publishing UK 1951[87]
Carlsen Comics Germany[88] 1967 9998
Active
Comic publishing imprint of Carlsen Verlag, established in 1953,[89] started publishing comics in 1967; imprints: Edition ComicArt, B&L (bought 2002, since 2006 part of Carlsen Cartoon und Humor), Chicken House Deutschland (joint-venture with The Chicken House[90]
Cartoon Books US 1991 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Casterman Belgium[91] 1934 9998
Active
[citation needed] Established in 1780, began publishing comics in 1934
Celebrity Comics US 1992 1993 Imprint of Personality Comics[92]
Centaur Publications US 1938 1942 [citation needed]
Chaos! Comics US 1992 2002[93] First publishing in 1993.[94] All characters except Lady Death were first bought by comic retailer Tales of Wonder, then sold to Devil's Due Publishing, and after the demise of Devil's Due Publishing finally went to Dynamite Entertainment. Rights to Lady Death were first sold to CrossGen Entertainment, and went, after Crossgen's demise, to Chaos! Comics founder Brian Pulido and Avatar Press under its own imprint Boundless Comics[95]
Charlton Comics US 1946 1986 [citation needed]
Cinebook UK ? 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Class Comics Canada[96] 1995[97] -9998 Publishes erotic gay comics.
Classical Comics UK 2007 -9998 [citation needed]
Claypool Comics US 1993 2006 [citation needed]
Cliffhanger US 1998 2004 [citation needed] Absorbed first into Homage, itself then absorbed Wildstorm Signature Series
CMX US 2004 2010 [citation needed]
Coamix Japan 2000 -9998 [citation needed]
Coconino Press Italy 2000 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Columbia Comics US 1940 1949 [citation needed]
Comely Comix Canada 1975 2005 [citation needed] Known for Captain Canuck
Comic Chronicles US 1993 Imprint of Personality Comics[98]
Comic Media US 1952 1954 [citation needed]
Comico Comics US 1982 1997 [citation needed]
Comics' Greatest World US[99][100] 1993 2000 Dark Horse Comics superhero imprint. Changed name to Dark Horse Heroes in 1995
Comics Interview Group US 1985 1989 [citation needed] Imprint of Fictioneer Books
ComicsOne US[101] 1999 2005[102] Some titles were taken over by DrMaster[103]
Com.x UK 2000 -9998 [citation needed]
Conrad Brazil[104] 1993 -9997
Defunct
[citation needed]
Continuity Comics US 1984 1994 [citation needed] Also known as Continuity Publishing; still exists as Neal Adams Studios, no longer publishing comics
Continüm Comics US 1989 1994 [citation needed]
Core Magazine Japan 1985 9998
Active
Crestwood Publications US 1943 1963 [citation needed] Later known as Prize Comics
CrossGen US 1998 2004[105] Former imprint: Code 6. Bought by Walt Disney in 2004.[106] Became an Imprint of Marvel Comics in 2010, first publishing under Marvel Comics in 2011[107]
Crusade Comics US 1994 2002 [citation needed]
Curtis Magazines US 1971 1980 [citation needed] Marvel Comics imprint. Published black-and-white comics magazines
Curtis Publishing Company US 1891 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Dabel Brothers Productions US 2001[109] 2009[108] [citation needed]
Dargaud France 1943 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Dark Horse Comics US[110] 1986 9998
Active
Active imprints: Dark Horse Manga, M Press ("diverse literary fiction and non-fiction prose for authors with a unique voice").,[111] Sequential Pulp Comics. Discontinued imprints: Comics' Greatest World later renamed Dark Horse Heroes (DH's shared superheroes universe), Legend (creator-owned projects, originally by Miller and Byrne),[112] and Maverick (creator-owned projects, follow-up to Legend)[113]
Dark Horse Manga US 1992 9998
Active
Dark Horse Comics manga-imprint
David McKay Publications (also: David McKay Company) US[114] 1882 1986 Published comics from 1931[115] to 1950;[114] bought out by Random House in 1986
DC Comics US 1934 9998
Active
[citation needed] Founded as National Allied Publications.
D. C. Thomson & Co. Ltd UK 1905 9998
Active
[citation needed] Publishers of The Beano and The Dandy
Defiant Comics US 1992[116] 1995 [citation needed] Imprint of Enlightened Entertainment Partners, LP
Delcourt France 1986 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Dell Comics US 1929 1973 [citation needed]
Deluxe Comics US 1984 1986 [citation needed]
Desperado Publishing US 2004 -9998 [citation needed]
Devil's Due Publishing US 1999 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Disney Comics US 1990 1993 [citation needed]
Dragon Lady Press Canada 1985 1988 [citation needed]
Drawn & Quarterly Canada[117] 1990[117] 9998
Active
Dreamwave Productions Canada[118] 1996[118] 2005[118]
DrMaster US[119] 2004[121] 2008[120] Published some titles from ComicsOne when they went out of business[122]
Dupuis Belgium 1922 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Dynamite Entertainment US 2005 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Eastern Color Printing US 1933 1955 [citation needed] Continued as a printer until 2002
EC Comics US 1944 1956 [citation needed] Continued to publish Mad magazine
Eclipse Comics US 1978 1993 [citation needed] Imprint: Independent Comics Group
Eerie Publications US 1966 1981 [citation needed] Myron Fass black-and-white horror comics magazine imprint
eigoMANGA US 2000 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Elliot Publishing US[123] 1940 1945 Published comics from 1944 - 1945; imprint: Gilberton (until 1942)
Elvifrance France 1970 1992 [citation needed]
Epic Comics (also: Epic Comics Group) US 1982
1995
2003
1994
1996
2011
[124][125][126] Imprint of Marvel Comics, defunct
Eternity Comics US 1986 1994 Originally spearheaded by Brian Marshall; one of five publishers set up by Scott Mitchell Rosenberg/Sunrise Distribution; became a Malibu Comics imprint in 1988[46]
Event Comics US[127] 1994 1999[128] Became Marvel Knights and was closed in 1998, last publishing in 1999[129]
Evil Ink Comics US 2004 -9998 [citation needed]
Extreme Studios US 1997 2000 [citation needed]
Fangoria Comics US 2007 2007 [citation needed] Fangoria Entertainment imprint
FantaCo Enterprises US 1980 1998 [citation needed]
Fantagor Press US 1986 1994 [citation needed] Imprint of cartoonist Richard Corben
Fantagraphics US[130] 1976 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Fantasy Flight Publications 1995 1996 [citation needed] Published translated European comics; still in business as games publisher Fantasy Flight Games
Farrell Comic Group US 1951 1958 [citation needed] Imprints: America's Best, Ajax Publications, Ajax-Farrell,[131] Decker Publications, Red Top Comics, Steinway Comics and World Famous; successor to Farrell Publications
Farrell Publications US 1940 1948 [citation needed] Imprints: American Feature Syndicate, Four Star Publications and Kiddie Kapers Company. Was followed by Farrell Comic Group
Fawcett Comics US 1939
1969
1953
1980
[citation needed]
Fiction House US 1938 1954 [citation needed]
Finix Comics Germany[132] 2007 9998
Active
Registered club open to any comic-fan[133] with the goal to continue prematurly cancelled comic-series. First publishing in 2008. Imprint: Edition Solitaire
First Comics US 1982[134] 9998
Active
Relaunched in 2011; a/k/a and see 1First Comics[135]
Fox Atomic Comics US 2006 2009[136] Comics publishing imprint of Fox Atomic, itself an imprint of 20th Century Fox
Fox Feature Syndicate US 1939 1951 [citation needed]
Frémok France
Belgium
2002 -9998 [citation needed]
Futabasha Japan 1948 9998
Active
Future Comics US 2002 2004 [citation needed]
Gentosha Japan 1993 9998
Active
Gestalt Publishing Australia[137] 2005 -9998 [citation needed]
Gladstone Comics US 1986 1999[138]
Glénat France 1972 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Gold Key Comics US 1962 1984 [citation needed] Also known as Whitman Comics
Hakusensha Japan 1973 9998
Active
Hall of Heroes US 1993 1999 [citation needed]
Harrier Comics UK 1984 1989 [citation needed]
Harris Comics US 1985 2008 [citation needed] Published Vampirella
Harvey Comics US 1941 1986 [citation needed]
Hell Comics US 1971 1972 [citation needed] Published Air Pirates Funnies
Hexagon Comics France 1950 9998
Active
Successor to Editions Lug, which was succeeded by Semic S.A. which folded in 2003. Titles: Strangers, Hexagon Classics
Highwater Books US 1997 2004[139] [citation needed]
Hillborough Studios Canada[140] 1941[140] 1942[78] Most of the staff moved to Bell Features[140]
Hillman Periodicals US 1948 1953 [citation needed]
Holyoke Publishing US 1940 1946 [citation needed] Imprints: Bilbara Publishing, Continental Publishing, Narrative Publishers
Homage US 1995 2004 [citation needed] WildStorm Productions imprint, acquired by DC Comics in 1998, absorbed into Wildstorm Signature Series in 2004
Houbunsha Japan 1950 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Humanoids Publishing US 1999 -9998 [citation needed]
Humor Comics US 1992 1993 Imprint of Personality Comics[141]
Humor Publications/
Current Books
US 1944 1948 [citation needed] Ace Magazines imprint.
Icon US 2004 -9998 [citation needed]
Idaho Comics Group US 2014 9998
Active
Publishes Tarzan and the Comics of Idaho and Idaho Comics
IDW Publishing US 1999 9998
Active
[citation needed]
I. W. Publications US 1958 1964 [citation needed] Also known as Super Comics
iBooks US 2003 2005 [citation needed] Published by Byron Preiss
Image Comics US[142] 1992[116] 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Imperial Comics US 1986 1987 Spearheaded by Brian Marshall; one of five publishers established by Scott Mitchell Rosenberg/Sunrise Distribution (and later absorbed by Malibu/Eternity).[46]
Imperium Comics US -9998 [citation needed]
Innovation Comics US 1988 1993[116] [citation needed]
Insomnia Publications UK 2006 2010 [citation needed]
JBC Japan
Brazil
1992 9998
Active
[citation needed]
JC Comics US 1981 9998
Active
[citation needed] Also known as JC Productions; still in existence, just not publishing since 1984
Jitsugyo no Nihon Sha Japan 1897 9998
Active
Johnny DC US 2004 9998
Active
[citation needed] All-ages imprint of DC Comics
Kadokawa Shoten Japan 1945 9998
Active
Kami France 2010 [143]
Kana France 1996 -9998 [citation needed]
Kazé France 1994 -9998 Parent company is Viz Media Europe
King Comics US 1966 1967 [citation needed] Connected with King Features Syndicate; most titles were picked up from Gold Key Comics and later acquired by Charlton Comics
Ki-oon France 2003 -9998 [citation needed]
Kitchen Sink Press US 1970 1999[116][144] Bought by Ocean Capital Corp. on May 24, 1994[116][citation needed]
Kobunsha Japan 1945 9998
Active
Kodansha Japan[145] 1909 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Koyama Press Canada[146] 2007[146] -9998
Laizen Comics US 2009 9998
Active
[147][148][149]
La Pastèque Canada[150] 1998[150] 9998
Active
Last Gasp
Comix & Stories
US 1970 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Legend US[112][151] 1994[116] 1998 Defunct Dark Horse Comics imprint for creator-owned materials; followed by Maverick
Le Lombard Belgium 1946 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Les 400 coups Canada 1994 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Les Humanoïdes Associés France 1974 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Lev Gleason Publications US 1939 1955 [citation needed] Also known as Comic House Publications
Lightning Comics US 1967 1967 [citation needed]
Lightning Comics US 1993 1997 [citation needed]
Liquid Comics India[152] 2008[153] 9998
Active
Former Virgin Comics
L. Miller & Son, Ltd. UK 1943 1966 [citation needed]
Lodestone Comics 1985 1986 [citation needed]
Los Angeles Comic Book Company US 1971 1974 [citation needed]
Ludovico Technique LLC US[154] -9998 [citation needed]
Magazine Enterprises US 1943 1958 [citation needed]
Mag Garden Japan 2001 9998
Active
Mainline Publications US 1953 1956 [citation needed]
Malibu Comics US 1986 1994 One of five publishers set up by Scott Mitchell Rosenberg/Sunrise Distribution.[46] Bought by Marvel Comics,[116] currently dormant. Imprints: Adventure Comics, Aircel Comics, Bravura, Eternity Comics, Genesis, Protectors Universe, Ultraverse (moved to Marvel)
Mam Tor Publishing UK 2004 -9998 [citation needed]
Maple Leaf Publishing Canada[155] 1941[155] -9997
Defunct
[citation needed]
Markosia UK 2005 -9998 [citation needed]
Marvel Comics US 1939 9998
Active
Founded as Timely Comics, later Atlas Comics
Marvel Adventures US 2005[157] 2012[156] former Marvel Age;[158] all-ages imprint of Marvel Comics ("Marvel Kids")[159]
Marvel Age US 2003 2005 All-ages imprint of Marvel Comics ("Marvel Kids"), picked up titles from Tsunami; became Marvel Adventures[160]
Maverick US[113] 1999 2002 Dark Horse Comics imprint for creator-owned materials, follow-up to Legend
Max Comics (MAX) US 2001[161] 9998
Active
[162] Mature-reader imprint of Marvel Comics[163]
Media Factory Japan 1986 9998
Active
Mighty Comics US 1965 1967 [citation needed] Archie Comics named Mighty Comics Group for housing the Super-hero imprint Radio Comics. See: Radio Comics
Milestone Media US 1993 1997[116] [citation needed] Merged with main DC line.
Mille-Îles Canada[164] 1989[164] 9998
Active
Millennium Publications US 1990 1998 [citation needed] Imprint: Modern Comics (1997–2000)
Mirage Studios US 1983 2021 Titles: Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles
M. F. Enterprises US 1966 1967 [citation needed]
MLJ Magazines US 1939 1951 Became Archie Comic Publications in 1951
Mojo Press US 1994 1999 [citation needed] Titles: Weird Business; Red Range; Atomic Chili
Moonstone Books US 1995 9998
Active
[citation needed]
M Press US[111] 2004[165] 9998
Active
Dark Horse Comics imprint for "diverse literary fiction and non-fiction prose for authors with a unique voice"
MU Press US 1990 2006 [citation needed] Imprint: AEON Publishing
NBM Publishing US 1976 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Standard Comics US 1939 1956 [citation needed] Also known as Nedor, Pines, Better, and Thrilling
New England Comics US -9998 [citation needed]
New Sirius Productions 1986 1986 [citation needed] Comics line called Prelude Graphics
Nihon Bungeisha Japan 1959 9998
Active
Noble Comics 1981 1983 [citation needed]
Novelty Press US 1940 1949 [citation needed]
NOW Comics US[166] 1985 2005 [citation needed]
Ohzora Publishing Japan 1990 9998
Active
Ominous Press US 1994 1994[167] Bart Sears's short lived self-publishing line
Oni Press US[168] 1997[169] 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Oog & Blik Netherlands 1985 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Orbit Publications US 1945 1953 [citation needed] Also known as Orbit Comics
Pacific Comics US[170] 1981[170] 1984[171]
Paradox Press US 1993 2001 [citation needed] Formerly Piranha Press
Paragon Publications US 1969 1982 Founded 1969 (first release in 1970); becomes Americomics in 1982[172]
Personality Comics US 1991 1993[173] Imprints: Adult Comics, Celebrity Comics, Comic Chronicles, Cutting Edge Productions, Friendly Comics, Humor Comics, Real Life Comics, Spoof Comics, Sports Comics[174]
Pied Piper Comics US 1986 1988 [citation needed] De facto successor to Wonder Comics
Pika Édition France 1999 -9998 [citation needed]
Pines Comics US 1956 1959 [citation needed] Successor to Nedor Comics
Piranha Press US 1989 1994 [citation needed] A DC Comics imprint. Later became Paradox Press
Print Mint US 1968 1978 [citation needed]
Prism Comics US 2003 -9998 [citation needed]
Quality Comics US[175] 1939[175] 1956[175] [citation needed]
Radical Comics US[176] 2007 -9998
Radio Comics US 1965 1967 [citation needed]Superhero imprint of Archie Comics (labelled as imprint of Mighty Comics Group). See: Mighty Comics
Radio Comix US 1996 -9998 [citation needed]
Raj Comics India 1985 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Real Life Comics US 1993 Imprint of Personality Comics[177]
Reasonably Priced Comics US[178] 2009 9998
Active
Rebellion Developments UK 1991 9998
Active
[citation needed] Started publishing comics in 2000 when they purchased 2000 AD. Now also owns the former back catalogue of Fleetway.
Red 5 Comics Canada 2007 -9998 [citation needed]
Red Circle Comics US 1973 1985 [citation needed] Archie Comics superhero-imprint
Red Giant Entertainment US 2005 9998
Active
Publishes comics and graphic novels. Some titles include: Banzai Girl, Duel Identity, Exposure, Jade Warriors, Journey To Magika, Last Blood, Medusa's Daughter, Monster Isle by Larry Hama, Pandora's Blogs, Sore Thumbs, Tesla, Wayward Sons, Wayward Sons: Legends
Renegade Press US[9] 1985[9] 1989[9] Started with Aardvark-Vanaheim titles, except for Cerebus[9]
Retrofit Comics US 2011 9998
Active
Retrogame Comics US 2016 9998
Active
A Retro style was Prequels years working Retrogaming
Revil Comics US 2015 -9998 Created and Founded by Caesar Crawford, publishes Murdock Undead Detective, The Grey Judge, Starlight and the Ape, Cursanova, and many others
Re-Visionary Press 1994 2000 [citation needed] Imprint: Carnal Comics (acquired from Revolutionary Comics)
Revolutionary Comics US 1989 1994 [citation needed] Imprint: Carnal Comics (later acquired by Re-Visionary Press and then Opus Graphics)
Rip Off Press US 1969 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Rippaverse US 2022 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Robot Comics Spain 2009 -9998 [citation needed]
RoninComics US 2009 9998
Active
Rolf Kauka Comics Germany[179][180] 1951 9998
Active
Sold to IPC Media and VNU in 1973; bought back by founder in 1979; became Promedia, Inc. in 1982; became Kauka Promedia in 2002; became Rolf Kauka Comics in 2008[181]
Rough Cut Comics Scotland[182] 1999[183] 9998
Active
First publishing in 2001. Titles: Freedom Collective, Society, The Surgeon
Rural Home US 1945 1945 [citation needed] Owned by Enwil. Also published under Rural Home Publishing Co. and Rural Home Publications.[184] Titles: Cannonball Comics, Eagle Comics, Red Circle Comics
Scattered Comics US 1991 9998
Active
Titles: "Action Land" , "Alien 101", "Awwwesomesauce", "Blank" , "Blinth", "Blues Rats", "Caffeine Poisoned", "Comics vs Manga", "Damage, Inc.", "Dauntless", "Dr. Dream", "Dog Of The Dead", "Inky and His Magic Eraser", Lylith and Mara", "Lucha Mystery", "Movie Massacre", "Panda Days", "Scattered", "Shadow Hunters" [185]
schreiber & leser Germany[186] 1981 9998
Active
Schwarzer Turm Germany[187] 1998 9998
Active
Seoulmunhwasa South Korea[188] -9998 [citation needed]
Sequential Pulp Comics 2011 9998
Active
Dark Horse Comics imprint[189]
Seven Seas Entertainment US 2004 -9998 [citation needed]
ShadowLine US 1993 -9998 [citation needed]
Shanda Fantasy Arts -9998 [citation needed]
Shinshokan Japan 1961 -9998 [citation needed]
Shinchosha Japan 1896 9998
Active
Shodensha Japan 1970 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Shogakukan Japan 1922 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Shōnen Gahōsha Japan 1945 -9998 [citation needed]
Shooting Star Comics US 2002 2006 [citation needed]
Shueisha Japan 1925 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Sirius Comics US 1985 1986 [citation needed]
Sirius Entertainment US 1994 2005 [citation needed]
Skywald Publications US 1970 1975 [citation needed]
Slave Labor Graphics US[190] 1986 9998
Active
[citation needed]
So Cherry Studios US 2014 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Soleil Productions France 1982 9998
Active
[citation needed] Founded as Librairie Bédulle
Solson Publications US 1986 1987 [citation needed]
Spark Publications US 1944 1946 [citation needed]
Spectrum Comics US 1983 1984 [citation needed]
Spectrum Comics US -9998 [citation needed] Imprint of Archie Comics; defunct
Spilt Ink Canada[191] 2004 9998
Active
The butique digital and print ready inprint of comics creator and artist Salgood Sam.[192]
Spire Christian Comics US 1972 1988[193] Published original comics from 1972–1988
Spoof Comics US 1992[194] 1993 Imprint of Personality Comics
Sports Comics US 1993 Imprint of Personality Comics[195]
Spotlight Comics US 1986 1987 [citation needed] Published Mighty Mouse and Underdog comics; declared bankruptcy in 1989[196]
Square Enix Japan 2003 9998
Active
St. John Publications US 1947 1958 [citation needed]
Stanley Publications 1966 1971 [citation needed] Black-and-white horror magazine publisher. Titles: Chilling Tales of Horror; Ghoul Tales; Stark Terror
Star Publications US[197] 1949[197] 1954 Founded after L.B. Cole acquired assets of Novelty Press[197]
Starblaze Graphics US 1978 1989 [citation needed] Imprint of The Donning Company; mainly published trade paperback collections and original graphic novels. Titles: MythAdventures; Elfquest; A Distant Soil
Star*Reach US 1974 1991 [citation needed] Mike Friedrich's imprint
Strawberry Jam Comics Canada 1985 1992 [citation needed]
Street & Smith Comics US 1940 1949 [citation needed]
Studio Ironcat US 1997 2006 [citation needed] Also known as I.C. Entertainment
Superior Publishers Limited Canada 1945 1956 [citation needed] Reprinted American comics
Takeshobo Japan 1972 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Tekno Comix US 1995 1997 [citation needed]
Terminal Press US 2001 -9998 [citation needed]
Teshkeel Comics Kuwait 2005 9998
Active
[citation needed] Known for The 99
Texas Comics US 1983 1983 [citation needed]
Thoughts & Images 1983 1988 [citation needed]
Timely Comics US 1939 1950 [citation needed] Later became Atlas, then Marvel
The Library of American Comics US 2007 9998
Active
[citation needed]
THENEXTART Germany[198] 2004 9998
Active
Titan Books UK 1981 9998
Active
[citation needed]
TKO Studios US 2018 9998
Active
[199]
Toby Press US 1949 1955 [citation needed] Also known as Toby Comics
Todd McFarlane Productions US[200] 1992 9998
Active
Toho Comics US 2013 9998
Active
A Future is comics with Godzilla comics series in Warner Bros./DC Comics
Tokuma Shoten Japan 1954 9998
Active
Tokyopop US 1997 9998
Active
((TokyoPop))
Tokyopop Germany 2004 9998
Active
[201]
Top Cow Productions US 1992[116] 9998
Active
Topps Comics US 1993 1998 [citation needed]
Top Shelf Comics US[202] 1997[203] 9998
Active
[citation needed]
Totenkopf Verlag Germany 1991 1996[204]
Tower Comics US 1965 1969 [citation needed]
Trident Comics UK 1989 1992 [citation needed]
Trojan Magazines 1950 1955 [citation needed]
Triumphant Comics US 1993 1994 [205]
Tundra Publishing US[206] 1990[116] 1993 Bought by Kitchen Sink Press in March of 1993[116] (Tundra UK was not part of this sale and folded[206])[citation needed]
UDON Canada 2000 9998
Active
[citation needed] Left Devil's Due Publishing to form its own publishing company
Ultimate Marvel US 2000 9998
Active
Imprint of Marvel Comics[citation needed]
Underglow Comics UK 2020 9998
Active
Publisher of Vampocalypse, Jungle Captive and Model Behavior[citation needed]
UPN-Volksverlag Germany 1969 -9997
Defunct
Becomes Volksverlag
Valiant Comics US 1990[116]
2012
9998
Active
[citation needed] Published by Voyager Communications. Became Acclaim Comics. Imprints: Armada, Windjammer (creator-owned line). Relaunched in 2012[207]
Vault Comics US 2016 9998
Active
[208]
Verotik US[209] 1994[116] 9998
Active
Vertigo Comics US 1992[116] 2020 [citation needed]
Vimanika Comics India[210] 2011 9998
Active
Imprint: Vimanika Comics UK
Vimanika Comics UK UK[211] 2012 9998
Active
UK-based imprint of Vimanika Comics
Viper Comics US 2003 -9998 [citation needed]
Virgin Comics India,[212] US 2005[212] 2008 Renamed Liquid Comics on 25. September 2008[153]
VIZ Media US 1986 9998
Active
[citation needed] A.k.a. Viz Comics, Viz Communications, Viz LLC
Volksverlag Germany[213] 1969 1984 Formerly UPN-Volksverlag; some titles moved to Alpha Comic Verlag
Vortex Comics Canada[214] 1982[214] 1993
Wandering Star Press US 1987 Imprint of ACE Comics
Warp Graphics US 1977[215] 9998
Active
Formerly WaRP Graphics. Former imprint Apple Comics, also known as Apple Press; became independent.
Warren Publishing US 1957 1983
Weildarum-Verlag Germany[216] 9998
Active
Weissblech Comics Germany[217] 1992 9998
Active
Darkside Comics US 2018 9998
Active
WildStorm US 1992 1999 [citation needed] Became part of DC Comics on 06. October 1998; Imprint: America's Best Comics[116]
Wonder Color US 1987 1987 Also known as Wonder Comics. Spearheaded by David Campiti; one of five publishers set up by Scott Mitchell Rosenberg/Sunrise Distribution.[46] Most titles acquired by Pied Piper Comics
Yaoi Press US 2004 -9998 [citation needed]
Youthful US 1949 1954 [citation needed] Imprint: Youthful Magazines/Stamp Comics
Zenescope Entertainment US 2005[218] 9998
Active
[citation needed]
ZOOLOOK US 1996 9998
Active
Publisher of the black comic book series Dread & Alive
Zuda US[219] 2007 2010 Online imprint of DC Comics; also printing popular comics (Bayou; High Moon; The Night Owls; Celadore)[219]

See also

References

  1. ^ Homepage of 12 bis. Retrieved 11 October 2012
  2. ^ Timeline of 12 bis at whenintime.com Retrieved 21 November 2012
  3. ^ "Blue Comics | mudanças e novidades no Universo da editora". 20 September 2018.
  4. ^ "Informação não encontrada | Guia dos Quadrinhos".
  5. ^ Homepage of 1First Comics. Retrieved 11 June 2014
  6. ^ "CBR.com - The World's Top Destination For Comic, Movie & TV news". CBR. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  7. ^ Homepage of 4Five1 Retrieved 16 April 2016
  8. ^ Michael Bay's 451 Media Group Announces Interactive Graphic Novels Archived 2016-08-12 at the Wayback Machine at Comic Book Resources Retrieved 14 April 2016
  9. ^ a b c d e f g Baisden, Greg S. "Renegade Shuts Down". The Comics Journal #130 (July 1989), page 23. Fantagraphics Books
  10. ^ Homepage of Abacus Comics Retrieved 20 June 2013
  11. ^ Alias Comics and Abacus Comics at The Grand Comics Database Retrieved 11 October 2012
  12. ^ Homepage of About Comics Retrieved 11 October 2012
  13. ^ Murphy, Chris. "About Comics at the Ten Year Mark," Publishers Weekly: PW Comics Week (18 November 2008) Retrieved 11 November 2009
  14. ^ "Kochman To Head New Abrams Comics Imprint " at Publishers Weekly Retrieved 26 July 2008
  15. ^ Homepage of AC Comics Retrieved 11 October 2012
  16. ^ a b "History – AC Comics". www.accomics.com. 27 August 2011. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  17. ^ Ace Comics at digitalcomicmuseum.com Retrieved 19 June 2913
  18. ^ Homepage of Action Lab Comics at Action Lab Entertainment Retrieved 7 December 2012
  19. ^ Action Lab "About" page Archived 2012-03-09 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 4 August 2012
  20. ^ Homepage of AdHouse Books Retrieved 19 June 2013
  21. ^ 1001 Comics, p. 927
  22. ^ Adult Comics at The Grand Comics Database Retrieved 6 December 2012
  23. ^ Adult Comics at the Comic Book Database Retrieved 9 June 2013
  24. ^ The Comics Journal #127 (February 1989), page 21
  25. ^ a b c Reynolds, Eric. "The Rumors are True: Marvel Buys Malibu," The Comics Journal #173 (December 1994), pp. 29-33.
  26. ^ Adventure Publications at The Comic Book Database Retrieved 19 June 2013
  27. ^ Homepage of Aftershock Comics Retrieved 16 April 2016
  28. ^ "Mile High Comics - AIDA-ZEE (RELIGIOUS COMIC) #1 - Bibliography". milehighcomics.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  29. ^ a b Munn, Bryan (2010-01-05). "Barry Blair, 1959-2010". Sequential: Canadian Comix News & Culture. Archived from the original on 2012-03-14. Retrieved 2012-02-11.
  30. ^ Homepage of AiT/Planet Lar Retrieved 19 June 2013
  31. ^ "GCD :: Publisher :: AiT/Planet Lar". www.comics.org. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  32. ^ Ajax-Farrell at The Grand Comics Database Retrieved 19 June 2013
  33. ^ History of Ajax-Farrell at The Comic Book Database Retrieved 19 June 2013
  34. ^ Homepage of Akita Shoten (in Japanese only)Retrieved 22 April 2014
  35. ^ Akita Shoten at The Grand Comics Database Retrieved 22 April 2014
  36. ^ Alias Comics at The Grand Comics Database Retrieved 11 October 2012
  37. ^ Homepage of Abacus Comics Archived 2012-11-02 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 19 June 2013
  38. ^ a b O'Nale, Robert. Encyclopedia of Comic Books and Graphic Novels, page 16
  39. ^ a b O'Nale, Robert. Encyclopedia of Comic Books and Graphic Novels, page 17
  40. ^ a b All Star DC Comics series at goodreads.com Retrieved 19 June 2013
  41. ^ Homepage of Alternative Comics Retrieved 19 June 2013
  42. ^ "About Us" at Homepage of Alternative Comics Retrieved 19 June 2013
  43. ^ Alternative Comics Returns: Ted May's Injury #4 Looks To Be First Out Of Gate. 25 July 2012, The Comics Reporter Retrieved 19 June 2013
  44. ^ Marvel/DC Crossover Publications at Google Books Retrieved 15 October 2012
  45. ^ Amazing at Grand Comics Database Retrieved 10 August 2013
  46. ^ a b c d e Vaughn, J.C. (2015). "Dinosaurs for Hire: Tom Mason interview..." Overstreet Comic Book Marketplace Yearbook 2015-2016. Diamond Comic Distributors. Retrieved March 16, 2023.
  47. ^ Amazing Comics - Titles[permanent dead link] at comiccollectorlive.com. Retrieved 10 August 2013
  48. ^ Andy (November 25, 2009). "Wacky Comic Wednesday: Barney the Invisible Turtle #1". ComicAttack.net. Archived from the original on 12 Sep 2013. Retrieved 10 August 2013.
  49. ^ a b c Voger, page 30
  50. ^ a b Bell. Invaders, page 44
  51. ^ Anglo-American Publishing at The Grand Comics Database Retrieved 10 October 2012
  52. ^ Homepage of Ankama Comics Archived 2014-03-25 at the Wayback Machine at Ankama Games Retrieved 22 April 2014
  53. ^ a b Marshall, Chris (2009-05-29). "Collecting the Publishers: Antarctic Press". Collected Comics Library. Archived from the original on 2011-03-20. Retrieved 2012-02-16.
  54. ^ Apex Novelties at The Grand Comics Database Retrieved 10 October 2012
  55. ^ Zap Comix at The Comic Book Database Retrieved 10 October 2012
  56. ^ http://www.comics.org/publisher/551/ Apple Comics at the Grand Comics Database. Retrieved 10. October 2012.
  57. ^ Homepage of Approbation Comics Retrieved 10 October 2012
  58. ^ Homepage of Arcana Studio Retrieved 20 June 2013
  59. ^ "About" at Homepage of Arcana Studio Retrieved 20 June 2013
  60. ^ Arcana Studio at The Grand Comics Database Retrieved 20 June 2013
  61. ^ Archaia Studios Press To Be Acquired by Kunoichi, Inc., Not Devil's DueComic at Comic Book Resources Retrieved 19 June 2013
  62. ^ Archie Superheroes at International Hero.co.uk Archived 2013-05-08 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 20 June 2013
  63. ^ Archie Adventure Series at The Grand Comics Database Retrieved 20 June 2013
  64. ^ a b Markstein, Donald D. "Archie (MLJ) Comics". Toonopedia. Retrieved 2012-02-16.
  65. ^ Homepage of Archie Comics Retrieved 20 June 2013
  66. ^ Homepage of Arrow Comics Retrieved 20 June 2013
  67. ^ "Newswatch:Arrow Comics Returns," The Comics Journal #155 (Jan. 1993), p. 29.
  68. ^ Arrow Comics at The Grand Comics Database Retrieved 20 June 2013
  69. ^ Homepage of Aspen Comics Retrieved 20 June 2013
  70. ^ "About Us" at the Homepage of Aspen Comics Retrieved 20 June 2013
  71. ^ "Previews: Aspen Comics" at comicbookresources.com Retrieved 20 June 2013
  72. ^ Rovin, Jeff. "How Not to Run a Comic Book Company". The Comics Journal, #114 (February 1987), pages 97. Fantagraphics Books
  73. ^ Marvel Founder's Grandson Unleashes Atlas Comics Archived 2011-06-04 at archive.today at atlasarchives.com Retrieved 10 August 2013
  74. ^ 1001 Comics, p. 897
  75. ^ Gustines, George Gene (March 20, 2019). "A Comic Book Publisher Creates Its Own Origin Story". The New York Times.
  76. ^ Homepage of Bedside Press Retrieved 19 February 2016
  77. ^ Homepage of Behemoth Retrieved 20 May 2020
  78. ^ a b c d Bell. Invaders, page 48
  79. ^ "Michel Vrana's bio on the faculty page at The Center for Cartoon Studies website". Archived from the original on 2008-05-09. Retrieved 2008-06-30.
  80. ^ a b "Black Eye Rolls with the Punches: Publisher Vrana Shifts Company Focus Following Turbulent Period," The Comics Journal no. 203 (Apr. 1998), p. 18-19.
  81. ^ Bradley, Drew (February 24, 2015), "Small Press Publisher Spotlight: Blue Juice Comics", Multiversity Comics. Retrieved April 14, 2017
  82. ^ Homepage of Boneyard Press Archived 2013-07-27 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 11 August 2013
  83. ^ Boneyard Press at the Grand Comics Database. Retrieved 11 August 2013
  84. ^ Vein Water, part 1 Archived 2012-03-30 at the Wayback Machine at homepage of Boneyard Press. Retrieved 11 August 2013
  85. ^ Homepage of Boundless Comics Retrieved 13 August 2013
  86. ^ C2E2: Lady Death Rises At Avatar's Boundless at comicbookresources.com, 15 April 2010 Retrieved 13 August 2013
  87. ^ "No. 39159". The London Gazette. 27 February 1951. p. 1061.
  88. ^ Homepage of Carlsen Verlag/Comic section (in German). Retrieved 07. December 2012
  89. ^ History of Carlsen Verlag Archived 2012-07-11 at the Wayback Machine at Homepage of Carlsen Verlsg.
  90. ^ The Chicken House Archived 2009-08-02 at the Wayback Machine at carlsen.de (in German).
  91. ^ 1001 Comics, p. 903
  92. ^ Celebrity Comics at The Grand Comics Database Retrieved 6 December 2012
  93. ^ Chaos! Comics to close doors after nearly 10 years Archived 2015-08-04 at the Wayback Machine at Pulp Culture, Franklin Harris, 22 August 2002 Retrieved 13 August 2013
  94. ^ Chaos! Comics at the Grand Comics Database Retrieved 13 August 2013
  95. ^ Ownership Rights of Chaos! Comics Characters at comicvine.com Retrieved 13 August 2013
  96. ^ Homepage of Class Comics Retrieved 19 June 2013
  97. ^ "Class Comics Publishing Chronology – Class Comics".
  98. ^ Comic Chronicles at The Grand Comics Database. Retrieved 6 December 2012
  99. ^ "Dark Horse's Comic's Greatest World". www.internationalhero.co.uk. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  100. ^ "Comics' Greatest World (Concept) - Comic Vine". Comic Vine. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  101. ^ Homepage of ComicsOne (abandoned). Retrieved 07. December 2012
  102. ^ "ComicsOne Titles Back from DrMaster" from icv2.com. Retrieved 07. December 2012
  103. ^ "ComicOne Transition to Dr.Master" at animenewsnetwork.com. Retrieved 07. December 2012
  104. ^ 1001 Comics, p. 906
  105. ^ CrossGen at the Big Comicbook Database. Retrieved 15. October 2012
  106. ^ "Newswatch: CrossGen Assets Sold," The Comics Journal #264 (Nov./Dec. 2004), pp. 44-45.
  107. ^ Marvel Announces a New Imprint. From Marvel.com, retrieved 15 October 2012
  108. ^ Dabel Brothers Productions at The Grand Comics Database. Retrieved 07. December 2012
  109. ^ Dabel Brothers Productions at Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 7 December 2012
  110. ^ Homepage of Dark Horse Comics. Retrieved 07. December 2012
  111. ^ a b "M PRESS Books". www.mpressbooks.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  112. ^ a b "Legend (Dark Horse Comics) - Comic Book DB". comicbookdb.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  113. ^ a b "Maverick (Dark Horse Comics) - Comic Book DB". comicbookdb.com. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  114. ^ a b http://www.comics.org/publisher/60/ David McKay Publications at the Grand Comics Database. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  115. ^ http://www.lambiek.net/comics/disneyartists.htm/ David McKay Company's Mickey Mouse Series # 1 from 1931 pictured. Retrieved 11 October 2012.
  116. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Groth, Gary, ed. (February 2000). "Comics in the '90s: a comics journal fold-out timeline". The Comics Journal. Seattle, Washington: Fantagraphic Books (220). fold out between pages 56 and 61. ISSN 0194-7869.
  117. ^ a b Bell, John (2002-06-24). "Beyond the Funnies: New Directions, 1989-2001". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 2012-01-05.
  118. ^ a b c "Dreamwave Productions Closes Up Shop", Comic Book Resources, January 4th, 2005.
  119. ^ Homepage of DrMaster. Archived 2012-08-28 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 06. December 2012
  120. ^ Homepage of DrMaster/Last Releases. Archived 2012-07-17 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 06. December 2012
  121. ^ "About us" at Homepage of DrMaster. Archived 2012-07-17 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 06. December 2012
  122. ^ "ComicsOne Titles Back from DrMaster" at icv2.com. Retrieved 06. December 2012
  123. ^ "GCD :: Publisher :: Elliot". www.comics.org. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  124. ^ Early History of Epic Comics at Internationalhero. Archived 2004-09-14 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 15. October 2012
  125. ^ Marvel to Tell 'Epic' Stories Once Again: Long-Awaited Imprint Relaunched. At Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 15. October 2012
  126. ^ Epic Comics at the Comic Book Database. Retrieved 15. October 2012.
  127. ^ "Event Comics - Comic Book DB". comicbookdb.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  128. ^ Ash: Fire and Crossfire # 1 (Jan. 1999)
  129. ^ Ash: Fire and Crossfire # 2 (May 1999)
  130. ^ 1001 Comics, p. 706
  131. ^ "Ajax-Farrell (Excellent Publications) - Comic Book DB". comicbookdb.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  132. ^ Homepage of Finix Comics (in German). Retrieved 7 December 2012.
  133. ^ Statutes at Homepage of Finix Comics (in German). Retrieved 07. December 2012
  134. ^ Starlog Presents Comics Scene. 1 (6): 9. November 1982. ISSN 0732-5622. ((cite journal)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  135. ^ "Levin on Relaunching First Comics" at comicbookresources.com
  136. ^ Finke, Nikki (12 January 2008). "Fox Atomic's Marketing Operations Fold". deadlinehollywooddaily.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  137. ^ Gruber, Fiona. "In a superhero-free world," Archived 2009-08-25 at the Wayback Machine The Australian (May 5, 2009).
  138. ^ Groth, Gary, ed. (February 2000). "Newswatch". The Comics Journal. Seattle, Washington: Fantagraphic Books (220): 5–6. ISSN 0194-7869.
  139. ^ Spurgeon, Tom (2004-11-21). "Highwater Books — An Appreciation". The Comics Reporter. Retrieved 2012-02-12.
  140. ^ a b c Bell. Invaders, page 47
  141. ^ Humor Comics at bailsprojects.com/whoiswho. Retrieved 6 December 2012
  142. ^ 1001 Comics, p. 686
  143. ^ Carla Cino (2008-09-05). "Princess Princess Vol.1". Animeland.com (in French). Archived from the original on 2012-07-28. Retrieved 2012-02-11.
  144. ^ Groth, Gary, ed. (February 2000). "Newswatch". The Comics Journal. Seattle, Washington: Fantagraphic Books (220): 5–7. ISSN 0194-7869.
  145. ^ 1001 Comics, p. 910
  146. ^ a b "2011 Nominees and Winners". Joe Shuster Awards. February 2011. Retrieved 2012-02-25.
  147. ^ "Laizen Comics - Comic Book DB". www.comicbookdb.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  148. ^ "Laizen.com: The Official Website of Laizen Comics - The Headquarter of 'The Dreamhoppers'". laizen.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  149. ^ "GCD :: Publisher :: Laizen Comics". www.comics.org. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  150. ^ a b Boyd, Kevin (2010-06-21). "Outstanding Publisher 2010: Montreal's La Pastèque". The Joe Shuster Awards. Retrieved 2012-01-14.
  151. ^ "Overview :: Company :: Dark Horse Comics". www.darkhorse.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  152. ^ Homepage of Liquid Comics Retrieved 18 June 2013
  153. ^ a b About US Archived 2013-05-29 at the Wayback Machine at Liquid Comics Homepage. Retrieved 18 June 2013
  154. ^ "Ludovico Technique". Ludovico Technique. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  155. ^ a b Bell, John (2002-06-24). "Beyond the Funnies: Canadian Golden Age of Comics, 1941-1946". Library and Archives Canada. Archived from the original on 2011-10-07. Retrieved 2011-12-18.
  156. ^ Marvel Ends Current Kids Line of Comics. From Comic Book Resources, retrieved 15 October 2012.
  157. ^ Marvel Adventures at Grand Comics Database. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  158. ^ Marvel Adventures at Comics Book Resources. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  159. ^ Marvel Adventures at Marvelkids. Retrieved 15 October 2012
  160. ^ Marvel Age at Grand Comics Database. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  161. ^ History of Marvel MAX at iFanboy. Retrieved 15. October 2012.
  162. ^ MAX at the Comic Book Database. Retrieved 15 October 2012
  163. ^ Marvel's New Ratings System...explained! at Comic Book Resources. Retrieved 15 October 2012
  164. ^ a b Viau, Michel (2002-06-24). "Publishing comics". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 2012-02-08.
  165. ^ "Overview :: Company :: Dark Horse Comics". www.darkhorse.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  166. ^ Katz, William A. and Katz, Linda Sternberg. Magazines for Young People: A "Children's Magazine Guide" Companion. Bowker, 1991. Second edition. 103. Retrieved on January 6, 2011. "Now Comics, 332 S. Michigan Ave., Suite 1750, Chicago, IL 60604"
  167. ^ Ominous Press at Comic Collector Live. Retrieved 18 June 2013
  168. ^ 1001 Comics, p. 822
  169. ^ Gabilliet, page 106
  170. ^ a b Sanford, page 6
  171. ^ Sanford, page 1
  172. ^ http://www.iwcomics.com/history/[permanent dead link]
  173. ^ Personality Comics at The Grand Comics Database. Retrieved 06. December 2012
  174. ^ Personality Comics' Imprints at bailsproject.com/whoiswho. Retrieved 06. December 2012
  175. ^ a b c Encyclopedia of Comic Books and Graphic Novels, page 493
  176. ^ "Home - Radical Studios, Inc.Radical Studios, Inc. - Radical Publishing". radicalpublishing.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  177. ^ Real Life Comics at The Grand Comics Database. Retrieved 06. December 2012
  178. ^ http://www.reasonablypricedcomics.com/1/post/2012/03/convention-appearances-and-reasonably-priced-comics-5-cover.html Archived 2013-06-27 at the Wayback Machine News update: Conventions in local area, Accessed 22. March 2012
  179. ^ Die Sprechblase # 176 (Dec. 2000, p. 27-40)
  180. ^ http://www.kaukapedia.com/index.php?title=Hauptseite/[permanent dead link] Kaukapedia
  181. ^ "Kauka Komikosmos". Archived from the original on 2012-03-22. Retrieved 2012-03-11.
  182. ^ Homepage of Rough Cut Comics Retrieved 13 August 2013
  183. ^ GLASGOW-based Rough Cut Comics celebrates its first ten years in business in 2011 … Archived 2013-08-13 at archive.today at crispcomics.com, 20 November 2012 Retrieved 13 August 2013
  184. ^ Rural Home at digitalmuseum.com Retrieved 13 August 2013
  185. ^ www.scatteredcomics.com https://www.scatteredcomics.com. Retrieved 11 October 2019. ((cite web)): Missing or empty |title= (help)
  186. ^ Homepage of schreiber & leser (in German). Retrieved 7 December 2012
  187. ^ Homepage of Schwarzer Turm (in German) Retrieved 7 December 2012
  188. ^ 1001 Comics, p. 647
  189. ^ "Dark Horse Announces Launch of Sequential Pulp Comics imprint line".
  190. ^ 1001 Comics, p. 921
  191. ^ spiltink.org Retrieved 24 July 2016
  192. ^ "Something that Touches on Consciousness-Expanding Experiences": Salgood Sam on his Art and the Power of Anthologies at Broken Frontier Retrieved 24 July 2016
  193. ^ "Spire/Barbour Christian comics". www.christiancomicsinternational.org.
  194. ^ Spoof Comics at The Grand Comics Database. Retrieved 06. December 2012
  195. ^ Sports Comics at The Grand Comics Database. Retrieved 06. December 2012
  196. ^ "Newswatch: Spotlight Declares Bankruptcy," The Comics Journal #126 (January 1989), p. 26.
  197. ^ a b c Markstein, Don. "Blue Bolt". Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Retrieved 2012-02-12.
  198. ^ "THENEXTART Verlag · Comics - Independent". www.thenextart.de. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  199. ^ Gene Gustines, George (December 19, 2018). "A New Comics Publisher Aims to Shake Things Up". The New York Times.
  200. ^ "McFarlane Toys -". McFarlane Toys.
  201. ^ ((TokyoPop))
  202. ^ 1001 Comics, p. 796
  203. ^ Gabilliet, page 107
  204. ^ "Comic Guide". www.comicguide.de. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  205. ^ Reynolds, Eric (November 1994). "Newswatch: Comics Publishers Suffer Tough Summer: Body Count Rises in Market Shakedown: The List Goes On". The Comics Journal. No. 172. p. 18.
  206. ^ a b "Newswatch:Dave Elliott Forms Blackball Comics". The Comics Journal (165): 14. January 1994. ISSN 0194-7869.
  207. ^ Esposito, Joey (7 December 2011). "Your First Look at the New Valiant Comics". ign.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  208. ^ Walsh, Cory (August 16, 2019). "From Vault to the screen: Missoula-based comics publisher gets titles under development". Missoulian.
  209. ^ "verotik Morella intro page". www.danzig-verotik.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  210. ^ Homepage of Vimanika Comics Retrieved 17 June 2013
  211. ^ Homepage of Vimanika Comics UK Archived 2013-05-16 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 17 June 2013
  212. ^ a b Millikin, Eric; staff (January 2009). Groth, Gary (ed.). "Journal Datebook: August, 2008-October, 2008". The Comics Journal. Seattle, Washington: Fantagraphic Books (295): 22. ISBN 9781560979852.
  213. ^ Volksverlag at comicguide.de. Retrieved 12 June 2015
  214. ^ a b Bell. Invaders, page 126
  215. ^ About Warp Graphics Archived 2013-05-27 at the Wayback Machine at Elfquest.com. Retrieved 17 June 2013
  216. ^ "Weildarum - Verlag für Comics und Cartoons". weildarum.de. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  217. ^ "Weissblech Comics". www.weissblechcomics.com. Retrieved 17 April 2018.
  218. ^ Murray, Jocelyn. "Home Made". Suburban Life. Retrieved 20 June 2013.
  219. ^ a b 1001 Comics, p. 911

Cite error: A list-defined reference named "1001Comics928" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "1001Comics926" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "1001Comics923" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "1001Comics922" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "1001Comics918" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "1001Comics917" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "1001Comics912" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "1001Comics900" is not used in the content (see the help page).
Cite error: A list-defined reference named "1001Comics687" is not used in the content (see the help page).

Cite error: A list-defined reference named "msb1" is not used in the content (see the help page).

Works cited