The Lord Hattersley
Roy Hattersley 2012 cropped 2.jpg
Hattersley in 2012
Deputy Leader of the Labour Party
In office
2 October 1983 – 18 July 1992
LeaderNeil Kinnock
Preceded byDenis Healey
Succeeded byMargaret Beckett
Shadow Home Secretary
In office
13 July 1987 – 25 July 1992
LeaderNeil Kinnock
Preceded byGerald Kaufman
Succeeded byTony Blair
In office
4 November 1980 – 31 October 1983
LeaderMichael Foot
Preceded byMerlyn Rees
Succeeded byGerald Kaufman
Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer
In office
31 October 1983 – 18 July 1987
LeaderNeil Kinnock
Preceded byPeter Shore
Succeeded byJohn Smith
Shadow Secretary of State for Environment
In office
14 July 1979 – 4 November 1980
LeaderJames Callaghan
Preceded byMichael Heseltine
Succeeded byGerald Kaufman
Secretary of State for Prices and Consumer Protection
In office
10 September 1976 – 4 May 1979
Prime MinisterJames Callaghan
Preceded byShirley Williams
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
In office
7 March 1974 – 10 September 1976
Serving with David Ennals
Prime MinisterHarold Wilson
Succeeded byDavid Owen
Shadow Secretary of State for Education and Science
In office
4 May 1973 – 5 March 1974
LeaderHarold Wilson
Succeeded byNorman St John-Stevas
Minister of Defence for Administration
In office
15 July 1969 – 19 June 1970
Prime MinisterHarold Wilson
Preceded byGerry Reynolds
Succeeded byRobert Lindsay
Under-Secretary of State for Employment
In office
6 April 1968 – 15 July 1969
Prime MinisterHarold Wilson
Member of Parliament
for Birmingham Sparkbrook
In office
15 October 1964 – 8 April 1997
Preceded byLeslie Seymour
Succeeded byConstituency abolished
Personal details
Born
Roy Sydney George Hattersley

(1932-12-28) 28 December 1932 (age 89)
Sheffield, England
Political partyLabour
Spouse(s)
(m. 1956; div. 2013)

Maggie Pearlstine
(m. 2013)
Alma materUniversity of Hull
ProfessionJournalist

Roy Sydney George Hattersley, Baron Hattersley, PC FRSL (born 28 December 1932) is a British Labour Party politician, author and journalist from Sheffield.[1] He was MP for Birmingham Sparkbrook for over 32 years from 1964 to 1997, and served as Deputy Leader of the Labour Party from 1983 to 1992.[1]

Early life

Hattersley was born on 28 December 1932 in Sheffield, West Riding of Yorkshire, to Enid Brackenbury and Frederick Roy Hattersley (1902–1973;[2] also known by his middle name),[3] who married in the 1950s.[4] His mother was a city councillor, and later served as Lord Mayor of Sheffield (1981). His father, at various times a police officer, clerk at Sheffield town hall, and chairman of the council's Health Committee,[5][6] was a former Roman Catholic priest,[4] the parish priest at St Joseph's at Shirebrook in Derbyshire,[7] who renounced the church and left the priesthood to cohabit with Hattersley's mother, Enid, a married woman at whose wedding he had officiated two weeks earlier; Frederick ultimately died an atheist.[8]

Early political career and education

Hattersley was a socialist and Labour supporter from his youth, electioneering at the age of 12 for his local MP and city councillors, beginning in 1945. He won a scholarship to Sheffield City Grammar School[9] and went from there to study at the University of Hull. Having been accepted to read English at the University of Leeds,[10] he was diverted into reading Economics at Hull when told by a Sheffield colleague of his mother that it was necessary for a political career.

At university Hattersley joined the Socialist Society (SocSoc) and was one of those responsible for changing its name to the "Labour Club" and affiliating it with the non-aligned International Union of Socialist Youth (IUSY) rather than the Soviet-backed International Union of Students. Hattersley became chairman of the new club and later treasurer, and he went on to chair the National Association of Labour Student Organisations. He also joined the executive of the IUSY.

Member of Parliament

After graduating Hattersley worked briefly for a Sheffield steelworks and then for two years with the Workers' Educational Association. He married his first wife, Molly, who became a headteacher and educational administrator. In 1956 he was elected to the City Council as Labour representative for Crookesmoor and was, very briefly, a JP. On the Council he spent time as chairman of the Public Works Committee and then the Housing Committee.

His aim became a Westminster seat, and he was eventually selected for Labour to stand for election in the Sutton Coldfield constituency but lost to the Conservative Geoffrey Lloyd in 1959. He kept hunting for prospective candidacies, applying for twenty-five seats over three years. In 1963 he was chosen as the prospective parliamentary candidate for the multi-racial Birmingham Sparkbrook constituency (following a well-known local 'character', Jack Webster) and facing a Conservative majority of just under 900. On 16 October 1964 he defeated the Conservative candidate, Michael J. Donnelly, and was elected with a majority of 1,254 votes; he was to hold the seat for the next eight general elections.

Journalist

At first he was Parliamentary Private Secretary to Margaret Herbison, the Minister for Pensions. His maiden speech was on a housing subsidies bill. Still a Gaitskellite, he also joined the 1963 Club.[clarification needed] He also wrote his first Endpiece column for The Spectator (the column moved to The Listener in 1979, and then to The Guardian).[citation needed]

Ministerial positions

Despite the support of Roy Jenkins and Tony Crosland he did not gain a ministerial position until 1967, joining Ray Gunter at the Ministry of Labour. He was reportedly disliked by Prime Minister Harold Wilson as a "Jenkinsite". The following year he was promoted to Under Secretary in the same ministry, now led by Barbara Castle, and become closely involved in implementing the unpopular Prices and Incomes Act 1966. In 1969, after the fiasco over In Place of Strife, he was promoted to deputy to Denis Healey, the Minister of Defence, following the death of Gerry Reynolds. One of his first jobs, while Healey was hospitalised, was to sign the Army Board Order – putting troops into Northern Ireland.

European Common Market

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The Labour defeat of 1970 ended six years of Labour government. Hattersley was to hold his seat – often increasing his majority – but for the next twenty-six years as MP he was to spend twenty one in Opposition. He was appointed Deputy Foreign Affairs Spokesman, again under Healey, which involved a lot of foreign travel if nothing else. He also took a Visiting Fellowship to the Harvard Kennedy School. During this time he also became an enthusiastic supporter of the Common Market, and his "drift to the political centre" put him at odds with much of the Parliamentary Labour Party (PLP).

Hattersley was one of the sixty-nine 'rebels' who voted with the Conservative government for entry into the EEC, which precipitated the resignation of Roy Jenkins as deputy leader (10 April 1972) and eventually a permanent split within Labour. (It was the adoption of a referendum on the EEC as shadow cabinet policy that caused Jenkins to resign.) For 'standing by' the party Hattersley was appointed Shadow Defence Secretary 1972 to 1973 and later Shadow Secretary of State for Education.

Privy Council

In the Wilson government of 1974 he was appointed the (non-cabinet) Minister of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, and in the 1975 New Year Honours, he was sworn of the Privy Council.[11] Hattersley headed the British delegation to Reykjavik during the "Cod Wars", but was primarily given the task of renegotiating the terms of the UK's membership of the EEC. Following the resignation of Wilson he voted for James Callaghan in the ensuing leadership contest to stop Michael Foot (a man "[who] for all his virtues ... could not become Prime Minister"). Under Callaghan he finally made it into the Cabinet as Secretary of State for Prices and Consumer Protection, a position he held until Labour's defeat in the 1979 general election.

In 1979 he was appointed to shadow Michael Heseltine as the Minister for the Environment, contending with him over the cuts in local government powers and the "Right to Buy". Following the rise of the 'hard left', as demonstrated at the 1980 Labour Conference, Callaghan resigned. The leadership contest was between Healey and Foot, with Hattersley organising Healey's campaign. "An electorate [the PLP] deranged by fear" elected Foot. Healey was made deputy leader and Hattersley was appointed Shadow Home Secretary, but felt that Foot was "a good man in the wrong job", "a baffling combination of the admirable and the absurd".[citation needed]

Healey was challenged for his post in 1981, following electoral rule changes, by Tony Benn, retaining his post by 50.426% to 49.574%. Hattersley felt that "the Bennite alliance [although defeated] ... played a major part in keeping the Conservatives in power for almost twenty years". Hattersley also had very little regard for those Labour defectors who created the SDP in 1981. He helped found Labour Solidarity (1981–83) and credits the group with preventing the disintegration of the Labour Party.[citation needed]

Deputy Leader

Following Labour's devastating defeat in the 1983 general election Foot declined to continue as leader. Hattersley stood in the subsequent leadership election. John Smith was his campaign manager and a young Peter Mandelson impressed Hattersley. The other competitors were Neil Kinnock, Peter Shore, and Eric Heffer. Hattersley had the support of most of the Shadow Cabinet, but the majority of the PLP, the constituency groups and the unions were in favour of Kinnock. In the final count Kinnock secured around three times as many votes as the second-place Hattersley. As was standard practice at the time, Hattersley was elected deputy leader. The combination was promoted at the time as being a "dream ticket" with Kinnock a representative of the left of the party and Hattersley of the right. Hattersley remained deputy for eight years and also Shadow Chancellor until 1987, when he moved back to Shadow Home Affairs.[12]

Kinnock and Hattersley attempted to "rehabilitate" Labour after 1983. Following the Miners' Strike they resumed expelling members of the entryist Militant group whose activities, organisation and politics had earlier been found to contravene the Labour Party's constitution. In 1988 they fought off a leadership challenge by Tony Benn, Eric Heffer, and John Prescott. Defeat in 1987 was expected; by 1992 it was much more even. Labour had regularly topped opinion polls since 1989 and at one stage had a lead of up to 15 points over the Conservatives, though this was cut back and more than once overhauled by the Tories following the resignation of Margaret Thatcher as prime minister to make way for John Major in November 1990. In the run-up to the 1992 election, Hattersley was present at the Labour Party rally in his native Sheffield and backed up Kinnock with the claim that "with every day that passes, Neil looks more and more like the real tenant of number 10 Downing Street".[13]

Backbenches and retirement

The 1992 general election was held on 9 April 1992, but saw a fourth consecutive Labour defeat by the Conservatives. Kinnock announced his resignation as party leader on 13 April, and on the same day Hattersley announced his intention to resign from the deputy leadership of the party, with the intention of carrying on in their roles until the new leadership was elected that summer.[14] Hattersley supported his friend John Smith in the leadership contest, which Smith won in July that year.

In June 1993, Hattersley cancelled an appearance on TV panel show Have I Got News for You with very late notice, which infuriated the production staff and hosts, leading to Hattersley being replaced with a tub of lard. The programme compared Hattersley and the tub of lard, and claimed "they possessed the same qualities and were liable to give similar performances".[15]

In February 1994, Hattersley announced he would leave politics at the following general election. He was made a life peer as Baron Hattersley, of Sparkbrook in the County of West Midlands on 24 November 1997.[16]

Hattersley was long regarded as being on the right-wing of the party, but with New Labour in power he found himself criticising a Labour government from the left, stating that "Blair's Labour Party is not the Labour Party I joined". He mentioned repeatedly that he would be supporting Gordon Brown as leader.[17]

Hattersley retired from the House of Lords on 19 May 2017.[18]

Later life

In 1996, Hattersley was fined for an incident involving his dog, Buster, after it killed a goose in one of London's royal parks. He later wrote the "diary" of Buster, writing from the dog's perspective on the incident, in which it claimed to have acted in self-defence.[19]

In 2003, Hattersley was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature.[20] Hattersley is the author of three novels and several biographies. He has written biographies on religious topics, and on the Edwardian period as well. His 700-page biography of David Lloyd George The Great Outsider: David Lloyd George was published by Little, Brown in 2010.

In 2008, Hattersley appeared in a documentary on the DVD for the Doctor Who serial Doctor Who and the Silurians, to discuss the political climate that existed at the time of making the serial. He now[when?] writes a regular column for the Daily Mail, "In Search of England", about different parts of the United Kingdom; it normally appears in the paper on Tuesdays.

Personal life

Hattersley married his first wife, the educationalist Molly, in 1956. They divorced in April 2013 after 57 years of marriage, having been separated for five years. They had no children. In summer 2013, he married Maggie Pearlstine, his literary agent and sister of Norman Pearlstine.[1]

Hattersley supports a British republic.[21] He is a dedicated supporter of Sheffield Wednesday, and a member of the Reform and Garrick clubs.[1]

Partial bibliography

References

  1. ^ a b c d "Hattersley, Baron, (Roy Sydney George Hattersley) (born 28 Dec. 1932)". WHO'S WHO & WHO WAS WHO. 2007. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.u19465. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
  2. ^ The Catholics: The Church and its People in Britain and Ireland, from the Reformation to the Present Day, Roy Hattersley, Penguin, 2017, dedication in front matter
  3. ^ "Enid Hattersley". The Telegraph. 21 May 2001. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Lord Hattersley: How my married mother ran off with the priest two weeks after he officiated at her wedding". The Telegraph. 4 March 2017.
  5. ^ "Enid Hattersley". 21 May 2001. Retrieved 20 September 2016.
  6. ^ "Agenda: Skeletons in the family cupboard; Labour grandee tells of his parents' big secret". Western Mail. Cardiff, Wales. 14 June 2002. Retrieved 20 September 2016 – via Free Online Library.
  7. ^ Mendick, Robert; Pepinster, Catherine (4 March 2017). "Lord Hattersley: How my married mother ran off with the priest two weeks after he officiated at her wedding". The Telegraph. Retrieved 14 June 2020.
  8. ^ Staff (22 May 2001). "Enid Hattersley's obituary". The Telegraph. London, UK. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
  9. ^ "Short, sharp aftershock". The Guardian. 18 September 2007.
  10. ^ "Books for pleasure". The Guardian. 12 February 2007. Retrieved 13 February 2007.
  11. ^ "No. 46444". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1974. p. 1.
  12. ^ "Listening. (Neil Kinnock's election campaign)". The Economist. 23 January 1988. Archived from the original on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 6 April 2015 – via HighBeam Research.
  13. ^ Barnard, Stephanie (27 July 2009). "Sheffield & South Yorkshire: Kinnock came and didn't conquer". BBC News. Retrieved 20 May 2010.
  14. ^ "1992: Labour's Neil Kinnock resigns". BBC News. 13 April 1992.
  15. ^ Leo McKinstry (13 September 2003). "I prefer the tub of lard". The Spectator.
  16. ^ "No. 54961". The London Gazette. 27 November 1997. p. 13331.
  17. ^ "Labour peer urges Blair to quit". BBC News. 16 July 2006. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  18. ^ "Lord Hattersley". UK Parliament.
  19. ^ Buster's Diaries as Told to Roy Hattersley With a New Postscript: Amazon.co.uk: Roy Hattersley: Books. ASIN 0751533319.
  20. ^ "Royal Society of Literature All Fellows". Royal Society of Literature. Archived from the original on 5 March 2010. Retrieved 9 August 2010.
  21. ^ "Wedding fuels republican surge". The Guardian. 3 April 2005. Retrieved 5 May 2021.
Parliament of the United Kingdom Preceded byLeslie Seymour Member of Parliament for Birmingham Sparkbrook 19641997 Constituency abolished Political offices Preceded byShirley Williams Secretary of State for Prices and Consumer Protection 1976–1979 Position abolished Preceded byMerlyn Rees Shadow Home Secretary 1980–1983 Succeeded byGerald Kaufman Preceded byPeter Shore Shadow Chancellor of the Exchequer 1983–1987 Succeeded byJohn Smith Preceded byGerald Kaufman Shadow Home Secretary 1987–1992 Succeeded byTony Blair Party political offices Preceded byDenis Healey Deputy Leader of the Labour Party 1983–1992 Succeeded byMargaret Beckett Orders of precedence in the United Kingdom Preceded byThe Lord Ryder of Wensum GentlemenBaron Hattersley Followed byThe Lord Butler of Brockwell