Sacrificial offering placed on three sides (Katori Jingu)
Sanpo with pine tree decorations and lobsters for New Year's Day. Painted by Shuntei Katsukawa, circa 1815.

Sanbo (三方, Sanbō) is a stand used in Shinto rituals to place shinsen. In ancient times, it was also used to present objects to a noble person. The same type of stand is also used in temples, but in this case it is sometimes written sampo, which stands for Three Treasures (Sangha, Dharma, Buddha).[1]


Usually made of cypress or other wood, it has a rectangular base (body) attached to a tray called an oshiki. It is called "sanpō" (three-way) because there are holes called kurikata in three directions on the base.

Originally, the ori-shiki and the stand were separated and the ori-shiki was placed on the stand when used, and sometimes the ori-shiki was used alone without the stand. Today, the folded mat and stand are completely combined, and those used only with the folded mat are prepared separately from the three sides of the mat.

There are no rules for the design of the holes in the stand, but the giboshi shape is often used.

The folded cloth has a binding to hold the edge board in place, which is made so that the side without holes is the opposite side. When offering to the gods, the side without the hole (the side opposite the binding) should face the gods. When holding the three sides of the bowl with the food offerings on it, the thumbs should be placed on the right and left edges, and the other fingers should be placed on the orihiki and the stand, holding the bowl at eye level. However, in the court etiquette, the fingers are traditionally placed inside the oriziki.[2]


  1. ^ 第2版,世界大百科事典内言及, 精選版 日本国語大辞典,ブリタニカ国際大百科事典 小項目事典,食器・調理器具がわかる辞典,デジタル大辞泉,百科事典マイペディア,事典 日本の地域ブランド・名産品,葬儀辞典,世界大百科事典. "三方とは". コトバンク (in Japanese). Retrieved 2022-06-10.((cite web)): CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  2. ^ 『出雲大社教布教師養成講習会』発行出雲大社教教務本庁