Fushimi Inari-taisha
伏見稲荷大社
Torii path with lantern at Fushimi Inari Taisha Shrine, Kyoto, Japan.jpg
Torii path with a hanging lantern at Fushimi Inari-Taisha Shrine
Religion
AffiliationShinto
DeityUka-no-Mitama-no-Ōkami, et al. as Inari Ōkami
TypeInari Shrine
Location
LocationFushimi-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan
Fushimi Inari-taisha is located in Kyoto city
Fushimi Inari-taisha
Shown within Kyoto city
Fushimi Inari-taisha is located in Japan
Fushimi Inari-taisha
Fushimi Inari-taisha (Japan)
Geographic coordinates34°58′2″N 135°46′22″E / 34.96722°N 135.77278°E / 34.96722; 135.77278
Architecture
Date established711
Website
inari.jp/en/
Icon of Shinto.svg Glossary of Shinto

Fushimi Inari-taisha (伏見稲荷大社) is the head shrine of the kami Inari, located in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture, Japan. The shrine sits at the base of a mountain also named Inari which is 233 metres (764 ft) above sea level, and includes trails up the mountain to many smaller shrines which span 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) and take approximately 2 hours to walk up.[1]

Inari was originally and remains primarily the kami of rice and agriculture, but merchants and manufacturers also worship Inari as the patron of business[citation needed]. Each of Fushimi Inari-taisha's roughly thousand torii was donated by a Japanese business.

Owing to the popularity of Inari's division and re-enshrinement, this shrine is said to have as many as 32,000 sub-shrines (分社 bunsha) throughout Japan.[2]

History

(video) A walking up one section of the torii path.
Front view of the haiden
Front view of the haiden
A torii path across the mountain from the side
A torii path across the mountain from the side
honden
honden
The main gate
The main gate
Fushimi-Inari-taisha 4.jpg
20100714 Kyoto Fushimi Inari 1655.jpg
Kyoto Schrein Fushimi-Inari-taisha 10.jpg
Fukakusa Kaidoguchicho, Fushimi Ward, Kyoto, Kyoto Prefecture 612-0805, Japan - panoramio (1).jpg

The shrine became the object of imperial patronage during the early Heian period.[3] In 965, Emperor Murakami decreed that messengers carry written accounts of important events to the guardian kami of Japan. These heihaku were initially presented to 16 shrines, including the Inari Shrine.[4]

From 1871 through 1946, Fushimi Inari-taisha was officially designated one of the Kanpei-taisha (官幣大社), meaning that it stood in the first rank of government supported shrines.[5]

Structures

The earliest structures were built in 711 on the Inariyama hill in southwestern Kyoto, but the shrine was re-located in 816 on the request of the monk Kūkai. The main shrine structure was built in 1499.[6] At the bottom of the hill are the main gate (楼門, rōmon, "tower gate") and the main shrine (御本殿, go-honden). Behind them, in the middle of the mountain, the inner shrine (奥宮, okumiya) is reachable by a path lined with thousands of torii. To the top of the mountain are tens of thousands of mounds (, tsuka) for private worship.

Senbon Torii

The highlight of the shrine is the rows of torii gates, known as Senbon Torii. The custom to donate a torii began spreading from the Edo period (1603–1868) to have a wish come true or in gratitude for a wish that came true, with successive gates being added up to the present day by donors out of gratitude. Along the main path there are around 1,000 torii gates.

Fox

Foxes (kitsune), regarded as the messengers, are often found in Inari shrines. One attribute is a key (for the rice granary) in their mouths.

Unlike most Shinto shrines, Fushimi Inari-taisha, in keeping with typical Inari shrines, has an open view of the main object of worship (a mirror).

A drawing in Kiyoshi Nozaki's Kitsune: Japan's Fox of Mystery, Romance and Humor in 1786 depicting the shrine says that its two-story entry gate was built by Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

The shrine draws several million worshipers over the Japanese New Year, 2.69 million for 3 days in 2006 reported by the police, the most in western Japan.

Access

The shrine is just outside the Inari Station on the Nara Line of the West Japan Railway Company (JR), a five-minute ride from Kyoto Station. It is a short walk from Fushimi-Inari Station on the Main Line of the Keihan Electric Railway.[7]

The shrine is open 24 hours with both the approach to the shrine and the Honden (本殿, main hall) itself illuminated all night. There is no entrance fee.

Environs

In the approach to the shrine are a number of sweet shops selling tsujiura senbei (辻占煎餅), a form of fortune cookie dating at least to the 19th century, and which are believed by some to be the origin of the American fortune cookie.[8][9][10]

In popular culture

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A part of the Noh play Kokaji takes place in Fushimi Inari-taisha.[11]

Image gallery

See also

References

Citations

  1. ^ 全国のお稲荷さんの総本宮、伏見稲荷大社を参拝しました。 [Nationwide Inari Shrines, I visited the Fushimi Inari-taisha.] (in Japanese). Retrieved 28 March 2014.
  2. ^ Motegi, Sadazumi. "Shamei Bunpu (Shrine Names and Distributions)". Encyclopedia of Shinto. Retrieved 31 March 2010.
  3. ^ Breen, John et al. (2000). Shinto in History: Ways of the Kami, pp. 74–75.
  4. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1962). Studies in Shinto and Shrines, pp. 116–117.
  5. ^ Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 124.
  6. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (1998). Japan encyclopedia, p. 224.
  7. ^ Fushimi Inari Shrine, How to get there
  8. ^ Lee, Jennifer 8. (January 16, 2008). "Solving a Riddle Wrapped in a Mystery Inside a Cookie" The New York Times. Retrieved on January 16, 2008.
  9. ^ 8. Lee, Jennifer (January 16, 2008). "Fortune Cookies are really from Japan". The Fortune Cookie Chronicles. Archived from the original on 2011-07-25.
  10. ^ Ono, Gary (2007-10-31). "Japanese American Fortune Cookie: A Taste of Fame or Fortune – Part II". Archived from the original on 2009-04-04. Retrieved 2020-02-16.
  11. ^ "Kokaji (pamphlet)" (PDF). noh-kyogen.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2018-08-20. Retrieved 2018-01-09.

Bibliography

Coordinates: 34°58′02″N 135°46′22″E / 34.96722°N 135.77278°E / 34.96722; 135.77278