Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine in Deauville, France in September 1987.
Born
Shirley MacLean Beaty

(1934-04-24) April 24, 1934 (age 90)
Alma materWashington-Lee High School
Occupation(s)Actress, singer, dancer, author, activist
Years active1953–present
Spouse(s)Steve Parker (m. 1954–1982; divorced; 1 child)
ChildrenSachi Parker
FamilyWarren Beatty (brother)
Template:Infobox comedian awards
Websitehttp://www.shirleymaclaine.com

Shirley MacLean Beaty (born April 24, 1934) known professionally as Shirley MacLaine, is an American film and theater actress, singer, dancer, activist and author. She has won the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy twice, for her roles in The Apartment and Irma la Douce, and the Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama twice for Terms of Endearment and Madame Sousatzka. She was honored with the Golden Globe Cecil B. DeMille Award in 1998. She was nominated for an Academy Award five times before winning the Academy Award for Best Actress in 1983 for her role as Aurora Greenway in Terms of Endearment. She won the 1976 Emmy Award for Outstanding Special – Comedy-Variety or Music for Gypsy in My Soul. Her younger brother is Warren Beatty. She is known for her New Age beliefs and interest in spirituality and reincarnation. She has written a large number of autobiographical works, many dealing with her spiritual beliefs as well as her Hollywood career. In 2012 she was honored with the 40th AFI Life Achievement Award, the highest honor for a career in film, by the American Film Institute.

Early life

Named after Shirley Temple, Shirley MacLean Beaty was born in Richmond, Virginia. Her father, Ira Owens Beaty,[1] was a professor of psychology, public school administrator, and real estate agent, and her mother, Kathlyn Corinne (née MacLean), was a drama teacher originally from Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada; MacLaine's grandparents were also teachers. Her parents raised their children as Baptists.[2][3][4] Her uncle (her mother's brother-in-law) was A.A. MacLeod, a Communist member of the Ontario legislature in the 1940s. While she was still a child, Ira Beaty moved his family from Richmond to Norfolk, and then to Arlington, Virginia and Waverly, eventually taking a position at Arlington's Thomas Jefferson Junior High School.

She had very weak ankles as a child, so her mother decided to enroll her in ballet class.[5] Strongly motivated by ballet, she never missed a class. In classical romantic pieces like Romeo & Juliet and Sleeping Beauty, she always played the boys' roles, being the tallest in the group, due to the absence of males in the class. She got to play a substantial female role as the fairy godmother in Cinderella. While warming up backstage, she broke her ankle, but proceeded to dance the role all the way through. MacLaine ultimately decided that professional ballet wasn't for her because she had grown too tall, was not good enough to make it a career, and didn't have the requisite "beautifully constructed feet" (high arches, high insteps).[6] She also found ballet too limiting. After leaving ballet, she pursued dancing and acting.

She attended Washington-Lee High School, where she was on the cheerleading squad and acted in the school's productions. The summer before her senior year, she was in New York to try acting on Broadway with some success. After she graduated, she returned and within a year she became an understudy to actress Carol Haney in The Pajama Game; Haney broke her ankle, and MacLaine replaced her. A few months after, with Haney still out of commission, film producer Hal B. Wallis was in the audience, took note of MacLaine, and signed her to work for Paramount Pictures. She later sued Wallis over a contractual dispute, a suit that has been credited with ending the old-style studio star system of actor management.[7]

Career

MacLaine in her debut film The Trouble with Harry (1955)

MacLaine made her film debut in Alfred Hitchcock's The Trouble with Harry (1955), for which she won the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress. In 1956, she had roles in Hot Spell and Around the World in 80 Days. At the same time she starred in Some Came Running, the film that gave her first Academy Award nomination – one of five that the film received – and a Golden Globe nomination. Her second nomination came two years later for The Apartment, starring with Jack Lemmon. The film won five Oscars, including Best Director for Billy Wilder. She later said, "I thought I would win for The Apartment, but then Elizabeth Taylor had a tracheotomy." She starred in The Children's Hour (1961) also starring Audrey Hepburn and James Garner, based on the play by Lillian Hellman and directed by William Wyler (Ben-Hur). She was again nominated, this time for Irma la Douce (1963), which reunited her with Wilder and Lemmon. Don Siegel, her director on Two Mules for Sister Sara (1970) said of her: "It's hard to feel any great warmth to her. She's too unfeminine and has too much balls. She's very, very hard."[8]

With Audrey Hepburn in The Children's Hour trailer

In 1975, she received a nomination for Best Documentary Feature for her documentary film The Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir. Two years later, she was once again nominated for The Turning Point co-starring Anne Bancroft, in which she portrayed a retired ballerina much like herself. In 1978, she was awarded the Women in Film Crystal Award for outstanding women who, through their endurance and the excellence of their work, have helped to expand the role of women within the entertainment industry.[9] In 1980, she starred in A Change of Seasons alongside Anthony Hopkins. The pair famously didn't get along, with Hopkins saying of MacLaine: "[S]he was the most obnoxious actress I have ever worked with."[10] In 1983, she won an Oscar for Terms of Endearment. The film won another four Oscars; one for Jack Nicholson and three for director James L. Brooks. In 1988, MacLaine won a Golden Globe for Best Actress (Drama) for Madame Sousatzka.

She continued to star in major films, such as Steel Magnolias with Julia Roberts and many other stars. She made her feature-film directorial debut in Bruno, MacLaine starred as Helen in this film, which was released to video as The Dress Code. In 2007, she completed Closing the Ring, directed by Richard Attenborough and starring Christopher Plummer. Other notable films in which MacLaine has starred include Sweet Charity (1968), Being There (1979) with Peter Sellers, Postcards from the Edge (1990) with actress Meryl Streep, playing a fictionalized version of Debbie Reynolds with a screenplay by Reynolds's daughter, Carrie Fisher, Used People with Jessica Tandy and Kathy Bates, Guarding Tess (1994) with Nicolas Cage, Mrs. Winterbourne (1996), with actress and talk show host, Ricki Lake and actor Brendan Fraser, Rumor Has It… (2005) with Kevin Costner and Jennifer Aniston and In Her Shoes with Cameron Diaz and Toni Collette.

MacLaine has also appeared in numerous television projects including an autobiographical miniseries based upon the book Out on a Limb, The Salem Witch Trials, These Old Broads written by Carrie Fisher and co-starring Elizabeth Taylor, Debbie Reynolds, and Joan Collins, and Coco, a Lifetime production based on the life of Coco Chanel. She had a short-lived sitcom called Shirley's World. She will be appearing in the third season of the British drama Downton Abbey as Martha Levinson, mother to Cora, Countess of Grantham.[11]

MacLaine has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame at 1165 Vine Street and in 1999 was awarded the Honorary Golden Bear at the 49th Berlin International Film Festival.[12]

Personal life

Shirley MacLaine at the 2005 Toronto International Film Festival

MacLaine was married to businessman Steve Parker until their divorce in 1982. They had a daughter, Sachi. In April 2011, while promoting her new book, I'm Over All That, she revealed to Oprah Winfrey that she had an open relationship with her husband.[13] According to her, she had had affairs with prime ministers and leading actors.

MacLaine has a strong interest in spirituality and metaphysics. Many of her best-selling books, such as Out on a Limb and Dancing in the Light, have it as their central theme. Her interests have led her to such forms of spiritual exploration as walking El Camino de Santiago, working with Chris Griscom,[citation needed] and practicing Transcendental Meditation.[14]

Her well-known interest in New Age spirituality has made its way into several of her films. In Albert Brooks's 1991 romantic comedy Defending Your Life, the recently deceased lead characters, played by Brooks and Meryl Streep, are astonished to find MacLaine introducing their past lives in the "Past Lives Pavilion." In 1990's Postcards from the Edge, MacLaine, playing a character loosely based on Debbie Reynolds, sings a special version of "I'm Still Here", with customized lyrics created especially for her by composer Stephen Sondheim. One of the lyrics was changed to "I'm feeling transcendental – am I here?" In the 2001 made-for-television movie These Old Broads – written by Reynolds' daughter – starring MacLaine, Debbie Reynolds, Joan Collins, Elizabeth Taylor and Carrie Fisher, MacLaine's character is a devotee of New Age spirituality.

She has such a serious interest in UFOs that she has given numerous interviews on CNN, NBC and Fox news channels on the subject through 2007–2008. In her book Sage-ing While Age-ing (2007), she mentioned her alien encounters and witnessing of Washington DC UFO incidents in the 1950s.[15]

MacLaine is godmother to the daughter of U.S. Representative, Dennis Kucinich, a Democrat and former mayor of Cleveland, Ohio.[16]

Like Warren Beatty, MacLaine used her celebrity status in instrumental roles as a fundraiser and organizer for George McGovern's campaign for president in 1972.[17][18][19] That year, she authored the book McGovern: The Man and His Beliefs.[17]

On February 7, 2013, Penguin Group USA published Sachi Parker's autobiography Lucky Me: My Life With – and Without – My Mom, Shirley MacLaine.[20] MacLaine has called the book "virtually all fiction".[21]

Filmography

Year Title Role Notes
1955 The Trouble with Harry Jennifer Rogers Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actress
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress
1955 Artists and Models Bessie Sparrowbrush
1956 Around the World in 80 Days Princess Aouda
1958 Some Came Running Ginnie Moorehead Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
1958 The Sheepman Dell Payton
1958 Hot Spell Virginia Duval
1958 The Matchmaker Irene Molloy
1958 Ask Any Girl Meg Wheeler BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress
Silver Bear for Best Actress - Berlin International Film Festival[22]
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1959 Career Sharon Kensington
1960 Ocean's 11 Tipsy girl uncredited cameo
1960 Can-Can Simone Pistache
1960 The Apartment Fran Kubelik BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Volpi Cup - Venice International Film Festival
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress
1961 The Children's Hour Martha Dobie Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
1961 All in a Night's Work Katie Robbins
1961 Two Loves Anna Vorontosov
1962 Two for the Seesaw Gittel Mosca
1962 My Geisha Lucy Dell/Yoko Mori
1963 Irma la Douce Irma la Douce Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress
1964 The Yellow Rolls-Royce Mae Jenkins
1964 What a Way to Go! Louisa May Foster Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Foreign Actress
1965 John Goldfarb, Please Come Home Jenny Erichson
1966 Gambit Nicole Chang Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1967 Woman Times Seven Paulette/Maria Teresa/Linda/Edith/Eve Minou/Marie/Jeanne Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1968 The Bliss of Mrs. Blossom Harriet Blossom
1969 Sweet Charity Charity Hope Valentine Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1970 Two Mules for Sister Sara Sara
1971 Desperate Characters Sophie Bentwood Silver Bear for Best Actress - Berlin International Film Festival[23]
1972 The Possession of Joel Delaney Norah Benson
1975 The Other Half of the Sky: A China Memoir Herself Documentary; writer, co-director, producer
Nominated – Academy Award for Best Feature Documentary
1977 The Turning Point Deedee Rodgers Nominated – Academy Award for Best Actress
1979 Being There Eve Rand Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1980 A Change of Seasons Karyn Evans
1980 Loving Couples Evelyn
1983 Terms of Endearment Aurora Greenway Academy Award for Best Actress
David di Donatello for Best Foreign Actress
Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama
Los Angeles Film Critics Association Award for Best Actress
National Board of Review Award for Best Actress
New York Film Critics Circle Award for Best Actress
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
1984 Cannonball Run II Veronica
1987 Out on a Limb Herself Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film
1988 Madame Sousatzka Madame Yuvline Sousatzka Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama (tied with Jodie Foster and Sigourney Weaver)
Volpi Cup - Venice International Film Festival
1989 Steel Magnolias Ouiser Boudreaux Nominated – American Comedy Award for Funniest Supporting Actress in a Motion Picture
Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Supporting Role
Nominated – Chicago Film Critics Association Award for Best Supporting Actress
1990 Postcards from the Edge Doris Mann Nominated – BAFTA Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
1990 Waiting for the Light Aunt Zena
1991 Defending Your Life "Past Lives Pavilion" host
1992 Used People Pearl Berman Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1993 Wrestling Ernest Hemingway Helen Cooney
1994 Guarding Tess Tess Carlisle Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1995 The West Side Waltz Margaret Mary Elderdice
1996 The Evening Star Aurora Greenway
1996 Mrs. Winterbourne Grace Winterbourne Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy
1997 A Smile Like Yours Martha uncredited
1999 Joan of Arc Madame de Beaurevoir
2000 Bruno Helen Directed by Shirley MacLaine
2001 These Old Broads Kate Westbourne
2002 Salem Witch Trials Rebecca Nurse
2002 Hell on Heels: The Battle of Mary Kay Mary Kay Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film
2003 Carolina Grandma Millicent Mirabeau
2005 Rumor Has It… Katharine Richelieu
2005 Bewitched Iris Smythson/Endora
2005 In Her Shoes Ella Hirsch Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
Nominated – Satellite Award for Best Supporting Actress – Motion Picture
2007 Closing the Ring Ethel Ann
2008 Coco Chanel Coco Chanel Nominated – Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie[24]
Nominated – Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Miniseries or Television Film
Nominated — Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Female Actor in a Miniseries or Television Movie
2008 Anne of Green Gables: A New Beginning Amelia Thomas
2010 Valentine's Day Estelle Paddington
2011 Bernie Marjorie Nugent
2012 Downton Abbey Martha Levinson

TV work

References

  1. ^ New England Historic Genealogical Society
  2. ^ "The religion of Warren Beatty, actor, director". Adherents.com. 2005-08-30. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
  3. ^ Public Affairs (2005-05-21). "Actor Warren Beatty gives public-policy graduates – and Gov. Schwarzenegger – some advice on power". Berkeley.edu. Retrieved 2010-03-06. ((cite web)): Text "May 21, 2005" ignored (help)
  4. ^ Ancestry/genealogy website
  5. ^ Denis, Christopher (1980). The films of Shirley MacLaine. Citadel Press. p. 14. ISBN 978-0-8065-0693-7. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  6. ^ MacLaine, Shirley (November 1, 1996). My Lucky Stars: A Hollywood Memoir. Random House Publishing Group. ISBN 978-0-553-57233-9. Retrieved April 11, 2011.
  7. ^ Hanrihan v. Parker, 19 Misc. 2d 467, 469 (N.Y. Misc. 1959)
  8. ^ Patrick McGilligan, Clint: The Life and Legend (1999), p. 182
  9. ^ http://wif.org/past-recipients
  10. ^ Films and filming. Hansom Books. 1 January 1989. Retrieved 5 June 2011.
  11. ^ O'Connell, Michael (January 30, 2012). "'Downton Abbey' Adds Shirley MacLaine for Season 3". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 31, 2012.
  12. ^ "Berlinale: 1999 Programme". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2012-02-04.
  13. ^ "Shirley MacLaine interviewed on 'The Oprah Winfrey Show'". BestSyndication.com. 2011-04-11.
  14. ^ "Maharishi Mahesh Yogi". Los Angeles Times. 2008-02-06. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
  15. ^ "NBC, Today show: Shirley MacLaine: Older and much wiser". today.msnbc.msn.com. 2007-11-07.
  16. ^ "Shirley MacLaine: I Believe In UFOs More Than Ever, Support Kucinich". The Huffington Post. 2007-12-19. Retrieved 2010-03-06.
  17. ^ a b MacLaine, Shirley, McGovern: The Man and His Beliefs, New York: W.W. Norton & Company, 1972.
  18. ^ McGovern, George S., Grassroots: The Autobiography of George McGovern, New York: Random House, 1977, pp. 126, 172
  19. ^ White, Theodore H., The Making of the President 1972, Atheneum Publishers, 1973, pp. 236, 258, 425
  20. ^ Lucky Me at Penguin Group website
  21. ^ Nicki Gostin, "Shirley MacLaine's Daughter Says My Mom Thought My Dad Was Clone Astronaut", Fox News (February 12, 2013)
  22. ^ "Berlinale 1959: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-01-05.
  23. ^ "Berlinale 1971: Prize Winners". berlinale.de. Retrieved 2010-03-13.
  24. ^ Shirley Maclaine Emmy Nominated

Bibliography

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