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Sony Digital Audio Disc Corporation
Founded1983
HeadquartersUnited States[where?]
ParentSony Corporation of America
WebsiteOfficial website

Sony Digital Audio Disc Corporation (Sony DADC) is a manufacturer of CDs, DVDs, UMDs, and Blu-ray Discs. The company has many plants worldwide. Although it primarily services Sony Music Entertainment-owned record labels, Sony Pictures Home Entertainment, and Sony Interactive Entertainment, it also manufactures discs for other labels, home entertainment distributors, and video game publishers.

Sony DADC's first plant, in Terre Haute, Indiana, opened May 2, 1983,[1] and produced its first CD, Bruce Springsteen's Born in the U.S.A., in September 1984.[2] It was the first CD manufacturer in the United States, is the company's principal CD manufacturing facility, and is the company's research and development center.[1]

The plant was initially a subsidiary of CBS/Sony Group, but Sony bought out CBS's stake in October 1985.[3]

When Sony bought CBS Records in 1988, it acquired that company's manufacturing facilities, some of which later became part of Sony DADC. Among these are the plants in Pitman, New Jersey (closed in 2011)[4] Terre Haute, Indiana; Toronto, Ontario, Canada (plant closed in 2011); Mexico City (plant closed 2015); Salzburg, Austria; Mumbai, India; and Manaus, Brazil—all of which were originally manufacturers of vinyl gramophone records. These plants began manufacturing CDs later: Pitman in 1988, Manaus in 1992,[5] and Toronto[6] and Mexico City[7] in 1994.

LaserDiscs, primarily 12-inch disc prints of feature films and concerts, were manufactured by Sony DADC in the 1980s and 1990s. Some of the laserdiscs made at DADC currently show laser rot, more than those from any other manufacturer.[8]

Sony DADC now manufactures the majority of CDs sold in the United States.[citation needed] In November 2008, the company bought the American disc-manufacturing capabilities of Glenayre Technologies, which manufactured the discs of Universal Music Group.[9] In the summer of 2009, the company assumed the physical distribution of EMI's North American operations.[10] This left WEA as the only major label whose discs are not manufactured by the company,[citation needed] as its discs are manufactured by the operations of the former WEA Manufacturing that were sold to Cinram.

On August 8, 2011, a Sony DADC distribution center in Enfield was destroyed during the 2011 England riots.[11][12] The warehouse was used by independent music distributor PIAS Entertainment Group to distribute CDs, LPs, and DVDs for over 100 European independent labels.[13] The total stock loss in the fire was reported to be between 3.5 million[14] and 25 million units.[15]

On January 17, 2018, the DADC plant in Terre Haute, Indiana, announced that they would be laying off 375 employees, and shifting manufacturing of audio discs to another manufacturer, Sonopress. It was later determined that manufacturing of most audio discs would be facilitated by CDA Inc. The majority of audio discs manufactured for Universal Music Group US and Sony Music Entertainment US are presently manufactured by CDA Inc, while the discs are packaged and assembled into jewel cases in the USA. Technicolor sometimes also assists in the facilitation of disc manufacturing for Universal Music Group US.

On January 13, 2022, the DADC plant in Terre Haute, Indiana, announced that they would be laying off 100 employees, and shifting gaming and disc manufacturing capacity out of Terre Haute to Salzburg, Austria. Assembly and distribution will remain in Terre Haute, Indiana.

Sony DADC Plants

Parent Subsidiary Location[16] Status
Sony DADC Japan Inc.[17]
DADJ-Y (Yoshida) Shizuoka Operational
DADJ-O (Oigawa)
DADJ-I (Ibaraki) Ibaraki
Sony DADC Americas[18]
Sony DADC US Inc. Pitman, NJ Shut down (2011)
Terre Haute, IN Operational
Sony DADC Americas Distribution Bolingbrook, IL Shut down (2021)
Sony DADC Canada Co. Toronto Shut down (2011)
Sony DADC Brasil Industria,
Comercio e Distribuicao Video-Fonografica Ltda.
Manaus Shut down (2018)
Sony DADC México S.A. de C.V Sony DADC México Mexico City Shut down (2015)[19]
Sony DADC International[18]
Sony DADC Europe GmbH (formerly Sony DADC Europe Limited, Zweigniederlassung Österreich) Thalgau Operational
Anif Shut down (2019)
Salzburg Operational
Sony DADC UK Limited (formerly Sony DADC Europe Limited) Southwater Shut down (2018); Re-opened (2020)
Sony DADC UK Limited (formerly Sony DADC Europe Limited) Enfield Shut down (2020)
Sony DADC UK Limited (formerly Sony DADC Europe Limited) Derry Street Shut down (2020)
Sony DADC UK Limited (formerly Sony DADC Europe Limited) Rathbone Place Shut down (2015)
Sony DADC UK Limited (formerly Sony DADC Europe Limited) Market Place Shut down (2013)
Sony DADC France S.A.S. Paris Operational
Sony DADC Iberia S.L. Alcorcón Shut down (2021)
Sony DADC Czech Republic s.r.o.[20] Uherce Operational
Sony DADC Czech Republic s.r.o.[20] Prague Operational
Sony DADC Czech Republic s.r.o.[20] Pilsen Operational
Sony DADC Czech Republic s.r.o.[20] Stenovice Operational
OOO Sony DADC Russia[21] Borovsk Shut down (2020)
Sony DADC Manufacturing India Pvt. Ltd. Mumbai Shut down (2016)
Entertainment Network Scandinavia AB Boras Operational
Sony DADC China Co. Ltd. Shanghai Non-Operational Holding Co.
Shanghai Epic Music Entertainment Company Ltd. Operational
Sony DADC Hong Kong Ltd. Hong Kong Shut down (2015)
Sony DADC Australia Pty Ltd. Eastern Creek, NSW Operational
Sony DADC Australia Pty Ltd. Erskine Park, NSW Operational
Sony DADC Australia Pty Ltd. Huntingwood, NSW Shut down (2018)

Manufacturing codes

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Printed on the discs or packaging of Sony DADC-manufactured CDs are codes indicating master copies (matrix numbers) of discs. These codes begin with a 4-letter prefix followed by a series of digits. Common prefixes include the following:

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "Sony DADC - Terre Haute, Indiana". Retrieved 2009-11-05.
  2. ^ http://www.indianabusinessnews.com/main.asp?SectionID=31&SubSectionID=64&ArticleID=58149
  3. ^ "Sony-CBS Deal", New York Times, 1985-10-19, retrieved 2017-01-06[page needed]
  4. ^ "NJ Sony Plant Closing After More Than 50 Yearse".
  5. ^ "Sony DADC - Brazil". Retrieved 2009-11-05.
  6. ^ "Sony DADC - Toronto, Ontario, Canada". Retrieved 2009-11-05.
  7. ^ "Sony DADC - Mexico City". Retrieved 2009-11-05.
  8. ^ Laserdisc Databank - Laser Rot, 2012-10-19
  9. ^ "Fisher's Distribution Company Sold to Sony" (3 November 2008). Retrieved from Inside Indiana Business.com Archived 2011-07-13 at the Wayback Machine on December 15, 2009.
  10. ^ "EMI to Outsource Distribution" (1 April 2009). Retrieved from All Access.com on March 2, 2011.
  11. ^ Davoudi, Salamander (8 August 2011). "Indie labels hit by warehouse arson attack". Financial Times. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
  12. ^ "More than 1.5m CDs destroyed in Sony warehouse fire". BBC Radio 1 Newsbeat. BBC. 11 August 2011. Retrieved 2011-08-11.
  13. ^ "Labels react to Sony/PIAS warehouse fire". Pitchfork Media. 9 August 2011. Retrieved 9 August 2011.
  14. ^ "Independent record labels detail fire recovery plans". BBC News. 18 August 2011. Retrieved 19 August 2011.
  15. ^ Smirke, Richard (15 August 2011). "BPI establishes fund for indie labels impacted by London riots". Billboard. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  16. ^ "Sony DADC Locations Worldwide Services". sonydadc.com. 4 August 2016. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  17. ^ "Sony DADC Japan Inc. - Company Profile". sonydadc.co.jp. 4 August 2016. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  18. ^ a b "GROUP COMPANIES OF SONY DADC". sonydadc.com. 4 August 2016. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  19. ^ "Sony DADC closes Mexico plant". dvd-and-beyond.com. 3 May 2015. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.
  20. ^ a b c d Christina Schobesberger (16 January 2012). "Sony DADC Austria AG strafft Produktionsprogramm in Europa" (in German). ots.at. Archived from the original on 6 August 2016. Retrieved 7 August 2016.
  21. ^ "Sony DADC starts local PlayStation®3 (PS3™) disc manufacturing in Russia". sonydadc.com. 25 October 2011. Archived from the original on 4 August 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2016.