"South Sea Island idyll" by Henry Hintermeister based on Gilda Gray in Aloma of the South Seas in the 1920s
"South Sea Island idyll" by Henry Hintermeister based on Gilda Gray in Aloma of the South Seas in the 1920s

The South Seas genre is a genre of literature, film, or entertainment (such as Tiki culture) that is set in the islands of the southern Pacific Ocean.[1] Many Hollywood films were produced on studio backlots or on Santa Catalina Island. The first feature non documentary film made on location was Lost and Found on a South Sea Island, shot in Tahiti.

The genre was known for its portrayal of tropical men as savages and cannibals, and women as shapely, innocent, exotic beauties.[2] The genre was seen as financially lucrative by the movie studios in the 1940s, despite criticisms that the genre was unrealistic and not well-informed.[3] Typical examples include 1941's South of Tahiti and White Savage (1943).[4]

Noted authors

Select films

South Sea stories in film and television
Year Title Filmmakers Notes
1922 Ebb Tide Starring Lila Lee, James Kirkwood and Raymond Hatton Based on novel by Robert Louis Stevenson
1928 Sadie Thompson Starring Gloria Swanson, Lionel Barrymore and Blanche Friderici Based on Rain
1928 White Shadows in the South Seas Starring Monte Blue, Raquel Torres and Robert Anderson Based on the novel of the same name
1929 South Sea Rose Starring Lenore Ulric, Charles Bickford and Kenneth MacKenna
1931 Tabu: A Story of the South Seas Starring Matahi, Anne Chevalier and Bill Bambridge
1932 Bird of Paradise Starring Dolores del Río and Joel McCrea Based on a play by Richard Walton Tully
1932 Rain Starring Joan Crawford, Walter Huston and William Gargan Based on "Rain"
1932 Mr. Robinson Crusoe Starring Douglas Fairbanks, William Farnum and Maria Alba
1933 In the Wake of the Bounty Directed by Charles Chauvel, starring Errol Flynn Semi-documentary
1935 Mutiny on the Bounty (1935) Starring Charles Laughton, Clark Gable and Franchot Tone Based on the novel by Nordhoff and Hall
1935 Last of the Pagans Starring Ray Mala, Lotus Long and Rudolph Anders Based on Typee
1936 Isle of Fury Starring Humphrey Bogart, Margaret Lindsay and Donald Woods
1936 The Jungle Princess Starring Dorothy Lamour and Ray Milland
1937 Lovers and Luggers Starring Lloyd Hughes, Shirley Ann Richards and Sidney Wheeler Set on Thursday Island
1937 The Hurricane Starring Dorothy Lamour, Jon Hall
1937 Ebb Tide Starring Oscar Homolka, Frances Farmer and Ray Milland Based on novel by Stevenson
1938 Vessel of Wrath Starring Charles Laughton, Elsa Lanchester and Robert Newton Based on novel by Maugham
1938 Her Jungle Love Starring Dorothy Lamour and Ray Milland
1938 Sinners in Paradise Starring Madge Evans, John Boles, Bruce Cabot, Marion Martin and Gene Lockhart
1940 Road to Singapore Starring Dorothy Lamour, Bob Hope and Bing Crosby
1940 Typhoon Starring Dorothy Lamour, Robert Preston and Lynne Overman
1940 Seven Sinners Starring John Wayne
1940 South of Pago Pago Starring Jon Hall Frances Farmer
1941 Aloma of the South Seas Starring Jon Hall and Dorothy Lamour
1941 South of Tahiti Starring Brian Donlevy, Broderick Crawford, Andy Devine and Maria Montez
1942 Son of Fury: The Story of Benjamin Blake Starring Tyrone Power and Gene Tierney
1942 Pardon My Sarong Starring Abbott and Costello, Virginia Bruce and Robert Paige
1942 The Moon and Sixpence Starring George Sanders, Herbert Marshall and Doris Dudley Based on a novel by Maugham
1942 The Tuttles of Tahiti Starring Jon Hall and Charles Laughton Based on the novel by Nordhoff and Hall
1942 Beyond the Blue Horizon Starring Dorothy Lamour
1943 White Savage Starring Jon Hall, Maria Montez
1943 Isle of Forgotten Sins Starring John Carradine, Gale Sondergaard and Sidney Toler Rereleased as Monsoon
1943 Wings Over the Pacific Starring Inez Cooper, Edward Norris and Montagu Love
1943 Rhythm of the Islands Starring Allan Jones, Jane Frazee and Andy Devine
1943 Wackiki Wabbit Starring Bugs Bunny, Jane Frazee and Andy Devine
1944 Bugs Bunny Nips the Nips Starring Bugs Bunny
1944 Cobra Woman Starring Maria Montez, Jon Hall
1944 Rainbow Island Starring Dorothy Lamour, Eddie Bracken and Gil Lamb
1947 High Barbaree Starring Van Johnson, June Allyson and Thomas Mitchell Based on novel by Nordhoff and Hall
1947 Adventure Island Starring Rory Calhoun, Rhonda Fleming amd Paul Kelly Based on Ebb Tide by Stevenson
1948 On an Island with You Starring Esther Williams, Peter Lawford and Ricardo Montalbán
1948 Wake of the Red Witch Starring John Wayne, Gail Russell and Gig Young
1949 Omoo-Omoo, the Shark God Starring Ron Randell, Devera Burton and Trevor Bardette Loosely based based on the Herman Melville novel Omoo
1950 Mutiny on the Bunny Starring Bugs Bunny and Yosemite Sam Cartoon
1950 Kon-Tiki Documentary
1950 Pagan Love Song Starring Esther Williams, Howard Keel and Minna Gombell
1950 On the Isle of Samoa Starring Jon Hall
1950 South Sea Sinner Starring Macdonald Carey, Shelley Winters and Luther Adler Remake of Seven Sinners
1951 Bird of Paradise Starring Louis Jourdan and Jeff Chandler Based on a play by Richard Walton Tully
1951 China Corsair Starring Jon Hall
1951 Smuggler's Island Starring Jeff Chandler, Evelyn Keyes and Philip Friend
1952 Saturday Island Starring Linda Darnell, Tab Hunter, Donald Gray Based on (from the novel "Saturday Island" by); Alternate title Island of Desire
1952 Road to Bali Starring Dorothy Lamour, Bob Hope and Bing Crosby Parody of the genre
1953 Miss Sadie Thompson (1953) Starring Rita Hayworth, Aldo Ray and Charles Bronson Based on "Rain"
1953 Botany Bay Starring Alan Ladd, James Mason and Patricia Medina Based on novel by Nordoff and Hall
1953 South Sea Woman Starring Burt Lancaster and Virginia Mayo
1953 The Girls of Pleasure Island Starring Don Taylor, Leo Genn and Elsa Lanchester
1953 Return to Paradise Starring Gary Cooper, Barry Jones and Roberta Haynes Based on a short story by James Michener
1953 All the Brothers Were Valiant Starring Robert Taylor, Stewart Granger and Ann Blyth
1954 His Majesty O'Keefe Starring Burt Lancaster, Joan Rice and André Morell
1954 Drums of Tahiti Starring Dennis O'Keefe and Patricia Medina
1954 Beachhead Starring Tony Curtis, Frank Lovejoy and Mary Murphy
1954 The Beachcomber Starring Glynis Johns, Robert Newton and Donald Sinden Based on novel by Maugham
1954 King of the Coral Sea Starring Chips Rafferty, Charles Tingwell, Ilma Adey and Rod Taylor Set on Thursday Island
1955 Pearl of the South Pacific Starring Virginia Mayo, Dennis Morgan and David Farrar
1956 The Revolt of Mamie Stover Starring Jane Russell and Richard Egan
1956 The Women of Pitcairn Island Starring James Craig, Lynn Bari and John Smith
1956 The Proud and Profane Starring William Holden, Deborah Kerr and Thelma Ritter
1957 Fire Down Below Starring Rita Hayworth, Robert Mitchum and Jack Lemmon Set in the Caribbean
1957 Hell Ship Mutiny Starring Jon Hall, John Carradine and Peter Lorre
1957 The Admirable Crichton Starring Kenneth More, Diane Cilento, Cecil Parker and Sally Ann Howes Based on (Based on the Play by) J.M. Barrie; Alternate title; Paradise Lagoon
1957 Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison Starring Robert Mitchum and Deborah Kerr
1957 Naked Paradise Starring Beverly Garland, Richard Denning and Dick Miller Filmed on Kauai by Roger Corman back to back with She Gods of Shark Reef
1958 Lost Lagoon Starring Jeffrey Lynn, Lelia Barry
1958 Island Women Starring Marie Windsor, Vince Edwards, Marilee Earle
1958 She Gods of Shark Reef Starring Bill Cord, Don Durant and Lisa Montell Filmed on Kauai by Roger Corman back to back with Naked Paradise
1958 The Stowaway Starring Martine Carol, Roger Livesey and Arletty
1958 Twilight for the Gods Starring Rock Hudson, Cyd Charisse and Arthur Kennedy]
1958 South Pacific Starring Rossano Brazzi, Mitzi Gaynor and John Kerr Based on the musical made from James A. Michener Tales of the South Pacific
1958 Enchanted Island Starring Dana Andrews, Jane Powell and Don Dubbins Based on Typee
1959 The Restless and the Damned Starring Edmond O'Brien, Richard Basehart and Andrea Parisy
1961 The Devil at 4 O'Clock Starring Spencer Tracy, Frank Sinatra and Kerwin Mathews Based on novel by Max Catto
1961 Blue Hawaii Starring Elvis Presley, Joan Blackman and Angela Lansbury Based on novel by Max Catto
1959-62 Adventures in Paradise Starring Gardner McKay Television series
1959-63 Hawaiian Eye Starring Anthony Eisley, Robert Conrad, Connie Stevens and Poncie Ponce Television series
1962 Mutiny on the Bounty (1962) Starring Marlon Brando, Trevor Howard and Richard Harris Based on novel by Nordoff and Hall
1962 Tiara Tahiti Starring James Mason, John Mills and Herbert Lom
1963 Donovan's Reef Starring John Wayne, Lee Marvin and Elizabeth Allen
1966 Hawaii Starring Julie Andrews, Max von Sydow and Richard Harris Based on novel by Michener
1966 Lt. Robin Crusoe, U.S.N. Starring Dick Van Dyke, Nancy Kwan and Akim Tamiroff
1970 The Hawaiians Starring Charlton Heston, Tina Chen and Geraldine Chaplin Based on novel by Michener
1979 The Hurricane Starring Jason Robards, Mia Farrow and Max von Sydow Based on the novel by Nordohff and Hall
1980 The Blue Lagoon Starring Brooke Shields and Christopher Atkins
1981 Who Finds a Friend Finds a Treasure Starring Terence Hill, Bud Spencer and Sal Borgese:
1982 Paradise Starring Willie Aames and Phoebe Cates
1983 Nate and Hayes Starring Tommy Lee Jones, Michael O'Keefe, Max Phipps and Jenny Seagrove Also released as Savage Islands. Story of Bully Hayes
1984 The Bounty Starring Mel Gibson and Anthony Hopkins
1990 Joe Versus the Volcano Starring Tom Hanks, Meg Ryan and Lloyd Bridges
1991 Return to the Blue Lagoon Starring Milla Jovovich and Brian Krause
1998 Six Days, Seven Nights Starring Harrison Ford, Anne Heche and David Schwimmer
1999 Molokai: The Story of Father Damien Starring David Wenham, Kate Ceberano and Jan Decleir
2001 South Pacific Starring Glenn Close, Harry Connick Jr. and Rade Sherbedgia Adaptation of musical
2011 Rebellion Starring Mathieu Kassovitz, Iabe Lapacas and Malik Zidi
2003 Paradise Found Starring Kiefer Sutherland, Nastassja Kinski and Alun Armstrong Biopic of Paul Gauguin
2012 The Legend Starring Barry Primus, Thierry Helaine and Mi Kwan Lock
2012 Blue Lagoon: The Awakening Starring Indiana Evans, Brenton Thwaites and Denise Richards Television film
2012 Kon-Tiki Starring Pål Sverre Hagen, Anders Baasmo Christiansen and Tobias Santelmann

References

  1. ^ P. 544 Lal, Brij V. & Fortune, Kate The Pacific Islands: An Encyclopedia 2000 University of Hawaii Press
  2. ^ Brawley, Sean; Dixon, Chris (2012). "Through Hollywood's Lens: Prewar Visions of the South Pacific". Hollywood's South Seas and the Pacific War: Searching for Dorothy Lamour. Palmgrave Macmillan. ISBN 9781137090676. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  3. ^ Brawley, Sean; Dixon, Chris (2015). The South Seas: A Reception History from Daniel Defoe to Dorothy Lamour. Lexington Books. p. 246. ISBN 9780739193365. Retrieved 19 October 2020.
  4. ^ Dixon, Chris (2018). African Americans and the Pacific War, 1941-1945: Race, Nationality, and the Fight for Freedom. Cambridge University Press. p. 97. ISBN 9781107112698. Retrieved 19 October 2020.

Bibliography