Surbiton
Victoria rd surbiton.id.jpg

Victoria Road, Surbiton's high street
Surbiton is located in Greater London
Surbiton
Surbiton
Location within Greater London
Area7.18 km2 (2.77 sq mi)
Population45,132 
• Density6,286/km2 (16,280/sq mi)
OS grid referenceTQ180673
London borough
Ceremonial countyGreater London
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townSURBITON
Postcode districtKT5, KT6
Dialling code020
PoliceMetropolitan
FireLondon
AmbulanceLondon
UK Parliament
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London
51°23′38″N 0°18′25″W / 51.394°N 0.307°W / 51.394; -0.307Coordinates: 51°23′38″N 0°18′25″W / 51.394°N 0.307°W / 51.394; -0.307

Surbiton is a suburban neighbourhood in South West London, within the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames (RBK). It is next to the River Thames, 11 miles (18 km) southwest of Charing Cross. Surbiton was in the historic county of Surrey and since 1965 it has been in Greater London. Surbiton comprises four of the RBK's wards: Alexandra, Berrylands, St. Mark's, and Surbiton Hill.[1]

Founded originally as Kingston-upon-Railway when the area was first developed in the 1840s,[2] Surbiton possesses a mixture of grand 19th-century townhouses, Art Deco courts, and more recent residential blocks blending in with semi-detached 20th-century housing estates. With a population of 45,132 in 2016, it accounts for approximately 25% of the total population of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames.[3] Surbiton extends over an area of 7.18 km2 (2.77 sq mi).[4]

Etymology

Though Surbiton only received its current name in 1869, the name is attested as Suberton in 1179, Surbeton in 1263, Surpeton in 1486, and finally Surbiton 1597.[5] Sūth Bere-tūn means "southern grange" or "outlying farm" in Old English, as opposed to nearby Norbiton; both Norbiton and Surbiton were possessions of the royal manor of Kingston.[5]

History

See also: Thomas Pooley

Grade-II listed Surbiton railway station. Art deco architecture
Grade-II listed Surbiton railway station. Art deco architecture

The present-day town came into existence after a plan to build a London-Southampton railway line through nearby Kingston was rejected by Kingston Council, who feared that it would be detrimental to the coaching trade. This resulted in the line being routed further south, through a cutting in the hill south of Surbiton. Surbiton railway station opened in 1838, and was originally named Kingston-upon-Railway.[6] It was only renamed Surbiton to distinguish it from the new Kingston railway station on the Shepperton branch line, which opened on 1 January 1869. The present station has an art deco façade.

As a result, Kingston is now on a branch line, whereas passengers from Surbiton (smaller in comparison) can reach London Waterloo in as little as 16 minutes[7] on a fast direct service; as well as places further afield, including Portsmouth and Southampton.

Surbiton was once home to Surbiton Studios which were owned by Stoll Pictures, before the company shifted its main production to Cricklewood Studios.

Politics

See also: Municipal Borough of Surbiton

Sessions House housed the Municipal Borough of Surbiton before Surbiton became part of Greater London in 1965.
Sessions House housed the Municipal Borough of Surbiton before Surbiton became part of Greater London in 1965.
Location map of Surbiton within the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames and Greater London
Location map of Surbiton within the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames and Greater London

National politics

See also: Kingston and Surbiton

Surbiton falls within the UK parliamentary constituency of Kingston and Surbiton, which is represented in the House of Commons by Sir Ed Davey, a Liberal Democrat who served as Secretary of State for Energy and Climate Change during the Conservative–Liberal Democrat coalition. Davey also represented the constituency between 1997 and 2015, having been ousted for a short period of time by Conservative James Berry. In the 2017 general election, Davey went on to defeat Berry by 45% to 38%.[8] Both Davey's and Berry's offices were located in Surbiton's Berrylands ward.

In the 2016 United Kingdom European Union membership referendum, Kingston and Surbiton voted to remain a member of the European Union by 61.7% of the local vote.[9]

London politics

See also: South West (London Assembly constituency)

Surbiton is represented in the London Assembly by Conservative Tony Arbour, as part of Greater London's South West constituency.

Local councillors

Surbiton elects 12 of the Kingston upon Thames London Borough Council's 48 councillors. As of the 2018 local elections, the council is controlled by the Liberal Democrats, and all Surbiton's elected councillors are members of that party.

Councillors from Surbiton's four Kingston Council wards[10]
Party Councillors (12) Change
Liberal Democrats
12 / 12 (100%)
Increase5
Conservatives
0 / 12 (0%)
Decrease5

Transport

A London double-decker bus and an Abellio Surrey bus in Surbiton
A London double-decker bus and an Abellio Surrey bus in Surbiton

Surbiton is served by a number of regular bus services. Transport for London bus routes 71, 281, 406, 418, 465, K1, K2, K3, and K4, as well as Hallmark Connections route 458, Reptons Coaches route 513, Falcon Coaches routes 514 and 515, and Stagecoach South route 715 all serve the area. These provide links to Chessington, Kingston town centre, Twickenham, Hounslow, Epsom, Leatherhead, Dorking, Cobham, Staines, Weybridge and Guildford.

Surbiton is also close to two of London's largest airports: Heathrow and Gatwick.

Railways have served the town since it was founded. Surbiton and Berrylands stations are both served by South Western Railway services. It provides rail links to London Waterloo, Surrey and Hampshire.

If approval is granted for the project, Surbiton will be connected with the London Underground system via Crossrail 2. It is expected that the project will relieve pressure on both Surbiton and Berrylands stations.[11]

Surbiton lacks major motorways, although the A3 road cuts through Berrylands ward at Tolworth Underpass. Parts of the A307 that run along the River Thames, Portsmouth Road, have become part of the London cycle routes network.

Architecture

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Education

Main article: Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames § Education

Surbiton High School.

Demographics

Religion

Until the early 19th century, Surbiton, like Norbiton, lay in the parish of All Saints, Kingston upon Thames. As a result, Surbiton's two town centre parish churches, Saint Mark's and Saint Andrew's, date back only to the Victorian era.[12]

St Matthew's, Surbiton
St Matthew's, Surbiton

There are two further Anglican parish churches in south Surbiton, Christ Church and Saint Matthew's, both also Victorian.

Christ Church was built in 1862–63, by Charles Lock Luck and lengthened in 1866. The chancel aisles were added in 1864, and 1871. It has no tower, and is built of red brick with stone dressings with some black brick voussoirs. The east stained glass window was done by Clayton and Bell, the central stained glass window by Burne-Jones, while the other stained glass was done by Lavers, Barraud and Westlake.[13]

Saint Matthew's was completed in 1875, having taken less than 2 years to build. The church and the original vicarage were paid for by one man, William Matthew Coulthurst, who was the senior partner of Coutts Bank. On the outside of the east end of the church, there is a stone plaque recording this and the fact that it was partly built in memory of Hannah Mabella Coulthurst, the dead sister of William Matthew Coulthurst. Built into the wall behind the plaque, there is a photograph of Hannah, a copy of 'The Times' newspaper of the day and a letter from William Coulthurst stipulating that the church should remain in the evangelical tradition. The church and vicarage cost £26,500. The old vicarage was pulled down in 1939 and a subsequent one was built on the same plot. In 2012, work started on a new vicarage on part of the plot and this was completed in 2013.[14]

Other churches in Surbiton include Surbiton Hill Methodist Church on Ewell Road, opened in 1882,[15] and the Roman Catholic church of Saint Raphael's, completed in 1848 and located to the north of Surbiton, in the Kingston upon Thames postal district.[16]

In recent years, Surbiton has become more diverse in terms of religion, the Surbiton area having a Sikh Gurdwara[17] and an Orthodox Jewish synagogue.[18] According to the 2011 Census, Muslims form the largest minority religious community at about 5% of the population; the nearest mosque is located in Kingston upon Thames.

Nationality

Approximately 74% of Surbiton's residents at the 2011 Census were born in the United Kingdom (73% in Alexandra, 71% in St. Mark's, 75% in Surbiton Hill, 76% in Berrylands). The largest ethnic group, with two-thirds of the population, is "White British", with "White Other" the second largest group at just under 10%.

Sport

Surbiton Lawn Tennis Club hosted international tennis from 1900 (Surrey Grass Court Championships - SGCC) until 1981 at the tennis Club in Berrylands. From 1998 to 2008 international tennis returned to Surbiton with an event hosted by the Lawn Tennis Association (LTA) and Surbiton Racket & Fitness Club (SRFC). The Surbiton Trophy was part of the ATP Challenger Series and in 2009 the event was moved to Nottingham as part of a reorganisation by the LTA. The event came back to SRFC in 2015 and continues to be played at Berrylands.

Surbiton F.C. was a short-lived football club that was among the founders of The Football Association in 1863. Surbiton is the current home of both male and female football teams, Darkside FC, Surbiton Wanderers and Surbiton Town Ladies FC.

Surbiton Hockey Club, established in 1874, is regarded as one of the best hockey clubs in the country. Its men's and ladies' 1st XIs currently both play in their respective national premier leagues, while its youth section regularly produces players of international quality.

Surbiton is also the home to Surbiton Croquet Club, which is amongst the strongest croquet clubs in the country and, with seven lawns, one of the largest.

The Cooper Car Company was based in a garage on Hollyfield Road from 1946 to 1968, celebrating wins in the Formula One Constructors Championships in 1959 and 1960 and developing the iconic Mini Cooper in 1961.

Popular culture and notable residents

Resident artists and writers

The clock tower, Surbiton, built to celebrate the Coronation of King Edward VII, 1902
The clock tower, Surbiton, built to celebrate the Coronation of King Edward VII, 1902

The Pre-Raphaelite painters John Everett Millais (1829–1896) and William Holman Hunt (1827–1910) came to Surbiton in 1851, 26 years before Richard Jefferies (1848–1887). Millais used the Hogsmill River, in Six Acre Meadow, Tolworth, as the background for his painting Ophelia.[citation needed] Holman Hunt used the fields just south of this spot as the background to The Hireling Shepherd.[19]

In the mid-1870s the novelist Thomas Hardy (1840–1928) lived in a house called 'St. David's Villa' in Hook Road, Surbiton for a year after his marriage to Emma Gifford.[20] H.G.Wells, in his comic novel The Wheels of Chance, describes the cycle collision of 'Mr Hoopdriver' and a 'Young Lady in Grey'; the young lady approaching 'along an affluent from the villas of Surbiton'. The writer Enid Blyton was governess to a Surbiton family for four years from 1920, at a house called 'Southernhay', also on the Hook Road.[21] C. H. Middleton (1886–1945), who broadcast on gardening during the Second World War, lived in Surbiton, where he died suddenly outside his home.[22] The artist who brought Rupert the Bear to life for a whole generation, Alfred Bestall, sketched out his cartoons from his home in Cranes Park, Surbiton Hill.

In popular culture

Surbiton was the setting of Keble Howard's novel The Smiths of Surbiton, published in 1906. The novel proved successful and led to two sequels, The Smiths of Valley View (1909) and The Smiths in War-Time (1918), both also set in Surbiton.[23]

A 1972 episode of Monty Python's Flying Circus featured a mock documentary which investigated whether the residents of Hounslow, another London area suburb, had long ago been descendants of the people of Surbiton "who had made the great trek north".[24]

Surbiton is popularly remembered as an icon of suburbia in such British television programmes as The Good Life (starring Richard Briers, Penelope Keith, Paul Eddington and Felicity Kendal), though location filming was done in Northwood, North-West London,[25] and John Sessions and Phil Cornwell's comedy series Stella Street.

Surbiton station features in the 2009 film version of Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince, with actors Daniel Radcliffe as Harry Potter and Michael Gambon as Albus Dumbledore. Filming took place in November 2007.[26] The station also appears in Agatha Christie's Poirot: The Adventure of the Clapham Cook,[27] a 1989 ITV adaptation of the short story by Agatha Christie. The station reflects the 1930s Art Deco style that often featured in locations used in the series.[28]

The guitarist and singer-songwriter Eric Clapton purchased one of his first guitars from a shop in Surbiton called Bells; the shop has since closed.[29]

According to the cassette insert for the 1980s computer game Manic Miner, the mine complex in which the game action takes place was located "while prospecting down Surbiton way..."[30]

List of notable residents

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Geography

The terrain of Surbiton is relatively flat, except for a small hill near its centre. It is part of the Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames in Greater London, and borders the Borough of Elmbridge in Surrey. Surbiton consists of several smaller areas, including much of Seething Wells.

Nearby areas

Surbiton is a post town in the KT postcode area, consisting of the KT5 and KT6 postcode districts. KT5 includes Berrylands, Tolworth and part of Surbiton; and KT6 includes Tolworth, Long Ditton and part of Surbiton.

Gallery

References

  1. ^ "Administrative Boundaries". www.maps.kingston.gov.uk. Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  2. ^ Sampson, June (1991). All Change; Kingston, Surbiton & New Malden in the 19th century (2nd ed.). St. Luke's Church, Surbiton. pp. 2–4. ISBN 0950995800.
  3. ^ "Population". www.data.kingston.gov.uk. Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  4. ^ "Standard Area Measurements (2016) for Administrative Areas in the United Kingdom". www.ons.maps.arcgis.com. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  5. ^ a b Surbiton. Oxford Reference. ISBN 978-0-19-956678-5. Retrieved 7 February 2018. Suberton 1179, Surbeton 1263, Surpeton 1486, Surbiton 1597, that is 'the southern grange or outlying farm', from Old English su ̄th and bere-tu ̄n, so called in relation to Norbiton; both were granges of the royal manor of Kingston.
  6. ^ "Railways South East". Retrieved 10 August 2007. A township developed on the hill near the railway. This was named New Kingston, New Town and Kingston-upon-Railway before becoming Surbiton
  7. ^ "Train Timetable | South Western Railway". www.southwesternrailway.com. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  8. ^ "2017 UK general election results". The Electoral Commission. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  9. ^ "EU referendum results". The Electoral Commission. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
  10. ^ "Local Elections - Thursday 3 May 2018". Royal Borough of Kingston upon Thames. 3 May 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  11. ^ "Crossrail 2 Consultation Analysis" (PDF). www.consultations.tfl.gov.uk. Steer Davies Gleave / Transport for London. Retrieved 7 February 2018.
  12. ^ McCormack, Anne (1989). Kingston upon Thames: A Pictorial History. Phillimore. ISBN 9780850337167.
  13. ^ Historic England. "Christ Church (1080070)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  14. ^ "St Matthew's Church - History". St Matthew's Church. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  15. ^ "Surbiton Hill Methodist Church - History". St Matthew's Church. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  16. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Raphael (1080045)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  17. ^ "Gurudwara Guru Har Rai Sahib". Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  18. ^ "Kingston, Surbiton & District Synagogue". Retrieved 29 May 2020.
  19. ^ "Collections". Manchestergalleries.org. Manchester Art Gallery. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  20. ^ a b "The surprising story of Thomas Hardy in Surbiton". Maproom. 30 October 2016. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  21. ^ The Enid Blyton Society, Chronology, retrieved 10 February 2012
  22. ^ Daniel Smith (2011) The Spade as Mighty as the Sword
  23. ^ Kemp; Mitchell; Trotter (1997). Edwardian Fiction, an Oxford Companion. p. 197. ISBN 9780198117605.
  24. ^ Monty Python's Flying Circus, Episode No. 28, first aired 28 October 1972
  25. ^ The Good Life house for sale
  26. ^ thisislocallondon.co.uk
  27. ^ "The Adventure of the Clapham Cook". Agatha Christie's Poirot. Season 1. Episode 1. 8 January 1989. 38:28 minutes in. ITV.
  28. ^ Rohrer, Finlo (15 November 2013). "Goodbye to the splendid 1930s world of Poirot". BBC News Magazine. Retrieved 30 January 2022.
  29. ^ christies.com
  30. ^ 'Manic Miner - Instructions' at 20 GOTO 10 website
  31. ^ "Letter from Thomas John Barnardo". The Saleroom. Retrieved 14 November 2020.
  32. ^ a b c d e f "Famous residents of Kingston, Surbiton and the local area". Kingston Online guide to Kingston upon Thames. 7 October 2014. Retrieved 18 June 2019.
  33. ^ "Memories of George Best". Surrey Comet. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  34. ^ "Alfred Bestall blue plaque". Open Plaques. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  35. ^ V&A Museum. "Mrs Bryant's Pleasure". V&A Museum. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  36. ^ "Hillcroft College". London Parks and Gardens Trust. 1 April 2012. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  37. ^ "Paul Frecker - Fine Photographs". paulfrecker.com. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  38. ^ "Disabled people are confronting the spectre of social death | Jane Campbell". The Guardian. 14 March 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  39. ^ "The Cooper Car Company commemorated with an English Heritage blue plaque". English Heritage. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  40. ^ Walker, Tim (10 May 2020). "Lib Dem acting leader Ed Davey on the art of opposition homeworking". The New European. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  41. ^ "Ciaran Brown meets actress Susan George". www.ciaranbrown.com. Retrieved 1 May 2020.
  42. ^ Nazia Dewji (26 April 2012). "Kingston women's cycling pioneer in line for award". Surrey Comet. Archived from the original on 23 December 2014. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
  43. ^ "James Johnston (@JayVJohnston) | Twitter". twitter.com. Retrieved 14 July 2017.
  44. ^ "Surbiton High Pupils receive award at the National Awards Ceremony for WOHAA". Surbiton High School. 8 May 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  45. ^ The Comprehensive Guide to the Victoria and George Cross. "Dudley William Mason GC". VC Online. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  46. ^ "William Savage Newton". Commonwealth War Graves Commission. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  47. ^ "William Savage Newton". Masonic Great War Project. Retrieved 18 June 2020.
  48. ^ "Notable Abodes - Alf Pearson (Musician)". www.notableabodes.com. Retrieved 14 March 2021.
  49. ^ "Young artists will raise the roof of the Rose tonight". Surrey Comet. Retrieved 16 November 2020.
  50. ^ Heritage, Stuart (18 June 2016). "Meet the Body Coach, the man with the million-dollar muscles". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 1 May 2020.