TFF First League
TFF 1.Lig logo.png
Organising bodyTurkish Football Federation (TFF)
Founded1963; 58 years ago
CountryTurkey
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams19
Level on pyramid2
Promotion toSüper Lig
Relegation to2. Lig
Domestic cup(s)Turkish Cup
International cup(s)UEFA Europa League
(via winning Turkish Cup)
Current championsAnkaragücü (3rd title)
(2021–22)
Most championshipsSamsunspor (6 titles)
TV partnersbeIN Sports, TRT
WebsiteTFF First League
Current: 2022–23 TFF First League

The TFF 1. Lig is the second level of the Turkish football league system. The league was founded in 2001 as the Turkish Second League Category A after the reorganization of the Second Football League, which was the second level of the Turkish league system between 1963 and 2001. The league was called Türk Telekom Lig A in the 2006–2007 season, and was renamed to TFF First League prior to the 2007–08 season. As of 16 January 2008 the league was renamed as Bank Asya 1. Lig.[1][2] In April 2012 Bank Asya withdrew as sponsor of the league.[3] During the 2012-2016 seasons the league was known under the terms of a sponsorship deal as the PTT 1. Lig.[4] Nowadays the league is called the TFF First League once again.[5]

Before the 2005–06 season, the top three teams were promoted to Süper Lig and the bottom three teams were relegated to the Turkish Second League Category B. Since the 2005–06 season through 2008–09, the top two teams are directly promoted to the Süper Lig, the teams finishing 3rd through 6th competed in a play-off. The third-placed team played a match with the sixth-placed team, while the fourth-placed team played against the fifth-placed team. The winners of both matches then played against each other to decide the third team that was promoted. In 2009–10 the third team was determined by play-off group games, in which the 3rd, 4th, 5th and 6th teams of normal season played in a one-game league system in a neutral venue. In 2010–11 play-off status changed again and elimination match system came back but this time on a two match (home and away) basis.

Current clubs

Team Home city Stadium Capacity
Adanaspor Adana New Adana Stadium 33,543
Altınordu İzmir (Karabağlar) Doğanlar Stadium 12,500
Ankara Keçiörengücü Ankara (Keçiören) Ankara Aktepe Stadium 4,883
Balıkesirspor Balıkesir (Altıeylül) Balıkesir Atatürk Stadium 15,800
Bandırmaspor Balıkesir (Bandırma) 17 Eylül Stadium 12,725
Erzurumspor F.K. Erzurum Kazım Karabekir Stadium 21,374
Boluspor Bolu Bolu Atatürk Stadium 8,456
Bursaspor Bursa Timsah Park 43,361
Denizlispor Denizli Denizli Atatürk Stadium 18,745
Eyüpspor Istanbul (Eyüp) Eyüp Stadium 2,500
Gençlerbirliği Ankara (Yenimahalle) Eryaman Stadium 20,560
İstanbulspor Istanbul (Büyükçekmece) Necmi Kadıoğlu Stadium 4,491
Kocaelispor Kocaeli Kocaeli Stadium 34,712
Manisa Manisa Manisa 19 Mayıs Stadium 16,597
Menemenspor İzmir (Menemen) Menemen İlçe Stadium 2,500
MKE Ankaragücü Ankara (Yenimahalle) Eryaman Stadium 20,560
Samsunspor Samsun Samsun Stadium 33,919
Tuzlaspor Istanbul (Tuzla) Tuzla Belediye Stadium 2,000
Ümraniyespor Istanbul (Ümraniye) Ümraniye Belediyesi Şehir Stadium 1,601

Winners and promoted clubs

Key
Bold Promoted to Süper Lig
Direct promotion
Play-off winners
Play-off finalists
Season Champions Runners-up 3rd Club
2001–02 Altay Elazığspor Adanaspor
2002–03 Konyaspor Çaykur Rizespor Akçaabat Sebatspor
2003–04 Sakaryaspor Kayserispor [6] Ankaraspor
2004–05 Sivasspor Manisaspor Kayseri Erciyesspor

Play-off era

Season Champions Runners-up 3rd Club 4th Club 5th Club 6th Club
2005–06 Bursaspor Antalyaspor Altay Sakaryaspor İstanbulspor Orduspor
2006–07 Gençlerbirliği Oftaş İstanbul B.B. Malatyaspor Diyarbakırspor Kasımpaşa Altay
2007–08 Kocaelispor Antalyaspor Sakaryaspor Eskişehirspor Diyarbakırspor Boluspor
2008–09 Manisaspor Diyarbakırspor Boluspor Kasımpaşa Altay Karşıyaka
2009–10 Karabükspor Bucaspor Adanaspor Altay Karşıyaka Konyaspor
2010–11 Mersin İdman Yurdu Samsunspor Gaziantep B.B. Çaykur Rizespor Orduspor Tavşanlı Linyitspor
2011–12 Akhisarspor Elazığspor Çaykur Rizespor Kasımpaşa Konyaspor Adanaspor
2012–13 Kayseri Erciyesspor Çaykur Rizespor Manisaspor Bucaspor Konyaspor Adana Demirspor
2013–14 İstanbul B.B. Balıkesirspor Orduspor Ankaraspor Samsunspor Mersin İdman Yurdu
2014–15 Kayserispor Osmanlıspor Alanyaspor Adana Demirspor Antalyaspor Samsunspor
2015–16 Adanaspor Karabükspor Alanyaspor Adana Demirspor Elazığspor Balıkesirspor
2016–17 Sivasspor Malatyaspor Eskişehirspor Boluspor Göztepe Giresunspor
2017–18 Çaykur Rizespor MKE Ankaragücü Boluspor Ümraniyespor Erzurumspor F.K. Gazişehir Gaziantep
2018–19 Denizlispor Gençlerbirliği Hatayspor Osmanlıspor Gazişehir Gaziantep Adana Demirspor
2019–20 Hatayspor Erzurumspor F.K. Adana Demirspor Akhisarspor Fatih Karagümrük Bursaspor
2020–21 Adana Demirspor Giresunspor Samsunspor İstanbulspor Altay Altınordu
2021–22 MKE Ankaragücü Ümraniyespor Bandırmaspor İstanbulspor Erzurumspor F.K. Eyüpspor

Season Clubs
2001–02 Vestel Manisaspor, Mersin İdman Yurdu, Adana Demirspor 1
2002–03 Karşıyaka, Türk Telekomspor, Kayseri Erciyesspor
2003–04 Karagümrük Kyoto, Sarıyer, Mardinspor
2004–05 Uşakspor, Orduspor, Gaziantep BŞB.
2005–06 Kasımpaşa, Gençlerbirliği Asaşspor, Eskişehirspor 1
2006–07 Boluspor, Kartalspor, Giresunspor 1
2007–08 Adanaspor, Karabükspor, Güngören Belediyespor 1
2008–09 Bucaspor, Mersin İdman Yurdu, Çanakkale Dardanelspor 1
2009–10 Güngören Belediyespor, Akhisar Belediyespor, Tavşanlı Linyitspor 1
2010–11 Göztepe (White Group), Elazığspor (Red Group), Sakaryaspor 1
2011–12 Şanlıurfaspor (White Group), 1461 Trabzon (Red Group), Adana Demirspor 1
2012–13 Balıkesirspor (White Group), Kahramanmaraşspor (Red Group), Fethiyespor 1, Ankaraspor (Reinstated)
2013–14 Giresunspor (White Group), Altınordu (Red Group), Alanyaspor 1
2014–15 Göztepe (Red Group), Yeni Malatyaspor (White Group), 1461 Trabzon 1
2015–16 Manisaspor (Red Group), Ümraniyespor (White Group), Bandırmaspor 1
2016–17 MKE Ankaragücü (Red Group), Istanbulspor (White Group), Erzurumspor F.K. 1
2017–18 Altay S.K. (White Group), Hatayspor (Red Group), Afjet Afyonspor 1
2018–19 Keçiörengücü (White Group), Menemen Belediyespor (Red Group), Fatih Karagümrük 1
2019–20 Samsunspor (White Group), Bandırmaspor (Red Group), Tuzlaspor 1
2020–21 Manisa (White Group), Eyüpspor (Red Group), Kocaelispor 1
2021–22 Pendikspor (White Group), Sakaryaspor (Red Group), Bodrumspor 1

1 Third teams were play-off winner.

Relegated clubs

Season Clubs
2001–02 Hatayspor, Siirt Jetpaspor, Erciyesspor, Batman Petrolspor, Aydınspor
2002–03 Erzurumspor, Gümüşhane Doğanspor, Etimesgut Şekerspor
2003–04 Adana Demirspor, Göztepe, İzmirspor
2004–05 Sarıyer, Adanaspor, Fatih Karagümrük
2005–06 Mersin İdman Yurdu, Yimpaş Yozgatspor, Çanakkale Dardanelspor
2006–07 Türk Telekom, Akçaabat Sebatspor, Uşakspor
2007–08 Elazığspor, İstanbulspor, Mardinspor
2008–09 Sakaryaspor, Güngören Belediyespor, Malatyaspor
2009–10 Hacettepe, Çanakkale Dardanelspor, Kocaelispor
2010–11 Altay, Diyarbakırspor, Ankaraspor (expelled)
2011–12 Giresunspor, Sakaryaspor, İstanbul Güngörenspor
2012–13 Göztepe, Kartalspor, Ankaragücü
2013–14 Fethiyespor, 1461 Trabzon, Tavşanlı Linyitspor, Kahramanmaraşspor
2014–15 Manisaspor, Bucaspor, Orduspor
2015–16 1461 Trabzon, Kayseri Erciyesspor, Karşıyaka
2016–17 Şanlıurfaspor, Bandırmaspor, Mersin İdman Yurdu
2017–18 Samsunspor, Manisaspor, Gaziantepspor
2018–19 Afjet Afyonspor, Elazığspor, Kardemir Karabükspor
2019–20 No relegation due to COVID-19
2020–21 Akhisarspor, Ankaraspor, Eskişehirspor
2021–22 Kocaelispor, Bursaspor, Menemenspor, Balıkesirspor

See also

References

  1. ^ (in Turkish) Türk Telekom Lig A
  2. ^ (in Turkish) TFF 1. Lig becomes Bank Asya 1. Lig
  3. ^ (in Turkish) Bank Asya withdraws as sponsor
  4. ^ "1.Lig'in yeni adı PTT 1. Lig oldu - Spor Toto 1. Lig Haber Detay Sayfası TFF". www.tff.org.
  5. ^ (in Turkish) TFF 1. Lig
  6. ^ Kayserispor switched names with Kayseri Erciyesspor before the start of 2004–05 Süper Lig.