This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "The Man Behind the Red Hood!" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (May 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
"The Man Behind the Red Hood!"
PublisherDC Comics
Publication dateFebruary 1951
Detective Comics #168
Main character(s)Batman, Robin, Red Hood (Joker)
Creative team
Writer(s)Bill Finger
Artist(s)Lew Sayre Schwartz, George Roussos
Penciller(s)Lew Sayre Schwartz, Win Mortimer
Inker(s)George Roussos
Editor(s)Jack Schiff

"The Man Behind The Red Hood!" (1951) is a comic book story originally appearing in Detective Comics #168. It features Batman and a few university students trying to crack a decade-old case, and has the earliest origin story for the Joker.

Plot summary

Batman and Robin have been asked by Dean Chalmers, head of Gotham University, to volunteer as teachers for his criminology class. Batman agrees.

Over the course of a month, Batman teaches the students many things and decides that they are ready for a real case—that of "The Red Hood". Batman gives the students clues about the mysterious burglar's crimes and encounters with Batman.

The students discover that the Red Hood decided to steal one million dollars from the Monarch Playing Card Company, but was thought to have been killed after jumping into a basin of the company's chemicals following a confrontation with Batman.

The Red Hood hears of the re-opening of the case and attacks the school. Finally, when Batman unmasks him, the Red Hood turns out to be the school gardener. Batman questions him and finds out that the school gardener had captured the real Red Hood and left him locked inside a tool shed. He decided to commit crimes and frame the Red Hood.

Batman, Robin and the students discover that the "Red Hood" is in fact their old nemesis, the Joker. The Joker explains that years ago, he was a lab worker who decided to steal from the Monarch Playing Card Company. After being thwarted by Batman, however, he jumped into the chemical waste to escape. He survived, but was left with his trademark green hair, chalk white skin, and red lips. Driven insane by the accident, he dedicated his life to getting revenge on Batman.[1]


In addition to having been printed in Detective Comics #168, "The Man Behind The Red Hood!" has been reprinted in:

Cultural impact

This story includes the first origin story of The Joker, Batman's greatest enemy. The Joker's origin from this comic has been used in various Batman-related media, including the 1989 film. The story would be updated in later storylines, including The Killing Joke and Zero Year.[2] It was chosen as one of the comic books to represent "Batman In The Fifties" "Batman From The '30s To The '70s", and as one of "The Greatest Joker Stories Ever Told".


  1. ^ Booker, M. Keith (October 28, 2014). Comics through Time: A History of Icons, Idols, and Ideas. New York City: ABC-CLIO. p. 197. ISBN 978-0313397516.
  2. ^ Reinhart, Mark (July 18, 2013). The Batman Filmography (2nd ed.). Jefferson, North Carolina: McFarland & Company. p. 52. ISBN 978-1476606323.
Batman publications and story lines