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Adaptations of the Joker in other media
Created byBill Finger
Bob Kane
Jerry Robinson
Original sourceComics published by DC Comics
First appearanceBatman #1 (April 25, 1940)
Films and television

The Joker, a supervillain in DC Comics and archenemy of the superhero Batman, has appeared in various media. WorldCat (a catalog of libraries in 170 countries) records over 250 productions featuring the Joker as a subject, including films, television series, books, and video games.[1] Live-action films featuring the character are typically the most successful.[2]

The Joker has been portrayed by Cesar Romero in the 1966–1968 Batman television series and the 1966 Batman film; Jack Nicholson in the 1989 film Batman; Heath Ledger in the 2008 film The Dark Knight; Jared Leto in the 2016 film Suicide Squad and the 2021 director's cut Zack Snyder's Justice League; Cameron Monaghan in the Fox series Gotham; Joaquin Phoenix in the 2019 film Joker; and Barry Keoghan in the 2022 film The Batman. Ledger and Phoenix won the Academy Awards for Best Supporting Actor and Best Actor, respectively, for their performances, making the Joker one of the only three characters played by two actors to be awarded an Oscar for both portrayals (the others being Vito Corleone and Anita from West Side Story).[3][4][5] Mark Hamill, among others, has provided the Joker's voice in animation and video games.



Adventures of Superman

The Joker makes non-speaking cameo appearances in Adventures of Superman.

Batman (1966–1968 TV series)

The Joker appears in Batman (1966), portrayed by Cesar Romero. Romero refused to shave his distinctive moustache for the role, so it was partially visible beneath the white face makeup applied.[6] This version of the Joker is based on the character in the 1960s comics, who is more of an elaborate prankster who uses harmless weapons and Vaudeville-type humor to commit his crimes. Even though he did try to kill both Batman and Robin in various episodes, he wasn't homicidal like his comic book counterpart.[7]

Batman OnStar commercials (2000–2002)

The Joker was played by Curtis Armstrong in one of the six Batman OnStar commercials that ran from 2000 to 2002.[8]

Birds of Prey (2002–2003 TV series)

The Joker appears in Birds of Prey, portrayed by Roger Stoneburner and voiced by Mark Hamill.[9]

Gotham (2014–2019)

Main article: Jerome and Jeremiah Valeska

The mythology of the Joker is explored throughout Gotham, a television series focusing on the beginnings of the Batman lore. Believing that the Joker should not precede Batman, showrunner Bruno Heller initially did not want to use the character,[10] but later decided to "scratch the surface" of his origin because "this is America — nobody wants to wait."[11] Jerome Valeska, the mentally unhinged son of a nymphomaniac circus performer, was introduced as an homage to the Joker in the first season, portrayed by Cameron Monaghan.[12] While Monaghan was not comfortable drawing from the previous live-action actors who had played the Joker, he did take influence from Mark Hamill in his performance, as well as various comic books featuring the supervillain.[13] The character returned at the start of the second season but was promptly killed off, after which various citizens begin imitating his actions and a voice-over proclaims that his legacy will be "death and madness." This was done to create a deep-rooted mythology for the Joker's backstory in Gotham City.[14] In the fourth season, Monaghan begins playing Jerome's twin brother, Jeremiah Valeska. The character was intended to represent different characteristics of the Joker absent from Jerome.[15][16] The series finale leaves it ambiguous as to whether or not Jeremiah becomes the Joker later in the show's continuity.[17] During the virtual DC FanDome event in 2020, a documentary titled The Joker: Put on a Happy Face was made to celebrate the character's 80th anniversary. This documentary includes Jeremiah Valeska from Gotham among the various iterations of the Joker adapted for film and television.[18]

Powerless (2017)

The Joker makes a cameo appearance in the Powerless episode "Wayne or Lose".[19]

Titans (2018)

Main article: Titans (2018 TV series)

Joker makes cameo appearances in Titans, portrayed by Mustafa Bulut.[20]


Joker was confirmed to be part of the Arrowverse in Batwoman, portrayed by Nathan Dashwood. In the pilot episode, his hijacking of a bus led to the accident that separated Kate Kane from Beth and their mother Gabi despite Batman's attempt to save them.[21] In the episode "I'll Be Judge, I'll Be Jury", it was revealed that his real name is Jack Napier and had been previously prosecuted by assistant district attorney Angus Stanton.[22] In "A Narrow Escape", it is revealed that Bruce had killed Joker at some point as Luke Fox revealed to Kate that "The Joker Is Not In Arkham". In season two, it was discovered that Jack Napier worked on a painting using intestinal blood from one of his victims as it is discovered that it contained the map to Coryana where Jacob Kane suspects that Kate is being held prisoner. While the painting that Jacob took off a defeated Wolf Spider was a fake, the real one is in the possession of Safiyah Sohail's former minion Ocean. In "Kane, Kate", a brainwashed Kate stolen all of Batman's trophies belongs to his enemies from the Batcave, which includes the Joker's acid flower. In the season 2 finale episode "Power", Alice used Joker's acid flower on Roman Sionis' face and having his mask welded into his face claiming that Joker is better than him. In the third season episode "A Lesson from Professor Pyg", Jada Jet revealed to Ryan Wilder that her son (and Ryan's half-brother) Marquis Jet (portrayed by Nick Creegan) was attacked by Joker during his bus hijacking by placing his electric joy buzzer on his head, rendering him psychopathic. Marquis ultimately carries on the Joker's legacy over the course of the season and takes over as CEO of Wayne Enterprises after a hostile takeover. He sports purple hair and an orange suit and acquires Joker inspired items. The episode "Broken Toys" revealed that Joker had a toymaker minion named Kiki Roulette (portrayed by Judy Reyes) who built Joker's joy buzzer as she allies with Marquis. In the episode "We're All Mad Here", Joker was finally seen when Marquis recaps his encounter with Joker and Alice recalls the hijacked bus running Gabi's car off the bridge. Marquis quoted to Alice that fate brought them together. In the season finale, Marquis plans to crash a blimp loaded with the Joker's toxic gas into Gotham, but during the final fight, Ryan manages to press the joy buzzer to Marquis's head once again, restoring his sanity and destroying the Joker's legacy.

An alternate version of the Joker is also mentioned to have existed in the universe of Superman Returns in the crossover event "Crisis on Infinite Earths", where Clark Kent mentions to Lois Lane and Iris West that the Joker used his gas to massacre the majority of the Daily Planet staff, including Lois Lane and Perry White. The Joker's actions are undone when Oliver Queen sacrifices himself to defeat the Anti-Monitor and create a new multiverse.


Batman (1966)

Main article: Batman (1966 film)

Cesar Romero reprised his role in the 1966 film Batman, in which the Joker is a member of the United Underworld, alongside fellow Gotham City villains the Penguin (Burgess Meredith), the Riddler (Frank Gorshin), and Catwoman (Lee Meriwether).

Batman (1989)

Main article: Joker (Jack Napier)

Jack Nicholson played the Joker in Tim Burton's 1989 film Batman. The Newsweek review of the film stated that the best scenes are due to the surreal black comedy portrayed in the Joker.[23] In 2003, American Film Institute ranked Nicholson's performance #45 on their list of 50 greatest film villains.[24] Hugo Blick[25] and David U. Hodges play younger versions of the character in flashbacks in Batman and Batman Forever, respectively.

In the film, Jack Napier is the right-hand man of mob boss Carl Grissom (Jack Palance) prior to his transformation into the Joker. During a confrontation with the vigilante Batman (Michael Keaton) in a chemical factory, Napier's face is wounded by a ricocheting bullet and he falls into a vat of chemical waste, turning his skin white, his hair green and his lips red. A botched attempt at plastic surgery leaves him with a permanent rictus grin. Driven insane by his reflection, the Joker kills Grissom and takes over his syndicate, launching a crime wave designed to "outdo" Batman, who he thinks is getting too much press. The Joker describes himself as "the world's first fully functional homicidal artist" who makes avant-garde "art" by killing people with cosmetics laced with Smylex, which leaves its victims with a grotesque grin similar to his own.[26] Bruce Wayne later recognizes the Joker as the mugger who murdered his parents years before, leading him down the path of becoming a crime-fighter. The Joker nearly massacres Gotham City's bicentennial celebration and kidnaps reporter Vicki Vale (Kim Basinger) to draw Batman out to a climactic battle atop a Gothic cathedral. After telling Batman that they "made each other", the Joker attempts to escape via helicopter, but Batman ties a grappling hook around his leg and attaches it to a stone gargoyle, causing the Joker to fall to his death when the statue breaks loose of its moorings.

Nicholson was to reprise his role in Batman Unchained, the fifth film planned for the series.[27][28] The Joker was to return as a hallucination in Batman's mind caused by the Scarecrow's fear toxin, and Harley Quinn was to appear as his daughter trying to get revenge on Batman for his death.[29] Due to the critical and commercial failure of Batman & Robin, however, this film was cancelled.

The Dark Knight (2008)

Main article: Joker (The Dark Knight)

Heath Ledger played Joker in Christopher Nolan's 2008 film The Dark Knight. Ledger's interpretation of the character – that of a "psychopathic, mass-murdering, schizophrenic clown with zero empathy" – was specifically influenced by the graphic novels Batman: The Killing Joke and Arkham Asylum: A Serious House on Serious Earth. In the film, he wears the character's traditional color palette, while his facial appearance includes smeared clown makeup that covers facial scars of a Glasgow smile. This version of the Joker embodies themes of chaos, anarchy, and obsession; he expresses a desire to upset social order through crime and defines himself by his conflict with Batman (Christian Bale). The character explores techniques found in Ledger's previous performances, including his clown act in Terry Gilliam's fantasy film The Brothers Grimm. It also references paintings by artist Francis Bacon, Anthony Burgess' novel A Clockwork Orange, and various punk rock musicians.

In the film, the Joker is hired by Gotham City's mob bosses to kill Batman and announces that he will kill people every day until Batman takes off his mask in public and surrenders himself to police. During his reign of terror, he kills several people in Gotham, including Bruce Wayne's childhood sweetheart Rachel Dawes (Maggie Gyllenhaal) and scars Gotham District Attorney Harvey Dent's (Aaron Eckhart) face, transforming him into the insane vigilante Two-Face. Batman ultimately defeats him, but the Joker gloats that he has won "the battle for Gotham's soul" by corrupting Dent, and tells Batman that "you and I are destined to do this forever" as he is taken to Arkham Asylum.

The Joker is considered to be Ledger's finest performance; he himself regarded it as his most enjoyable. When the film was released in July 2008, six months after the actor had died from an accidental prescription drug overdose, the performance caused a sensation and received universal acclaim; Ledger was posthumously awarded the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.[30][31]

DC Extended Universe (2016–2021)

Main article: Joker (DC Extended Universe)

Jared Leto portrays the Joker in the DC Extended Universe.[32] Originally set to appear in Zack Snyder's Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, the character was ultimately cut and only referenced in the film.[33][34]

Jared Leto debuts as the Joker in 2016's Suicide Squad, written and directed by David Ayer.[35] Although many scenes featuring the Joker were omitted from the theatrical release, some of this unused footage did make it into the extended cut.[36][37] Leto also appeared as the Joker in the music video "Purple Lamborghini", by Skrillex and Rick Ross, from the film's soundtrack.[38] Mark Hamill, the voice of the Joker in various DC projects, said that he "loved" Leto's take on the character.[39][40]

Despite not making an official appearance, the Joker's presence plays a pivotal part in the film Birds of Prey, with the plot involving Harley Quinn (Margot Robbie) trying to cope with life in Gotham City without his protection. The Joker appears in animated form in the film's prologue, which details Harley's life and separation from him, while a scene of Jared Leto from Suicide Squad is used in a flashback sequence. In addition, an uncredited Johnny Goth portrayed the character from the back in a similar flashback scene in which Harley and the Joker tattoo a man's face. This was done in this way since the director felt that the film didn't need Leto to return for the character to still have a presence.[41]

Leto reprised the role in Zack Snyder's Justice League, released in 2021 on HBO Max.[42] The Joker appears in a postapocalyptic premonition of Bruce Wayne in a role similar to the Ghost of Christmas Yet to Come from A Christmas Carol, motivating Batman to prevent Darkseid's (Ray Porter) invasion.[43]

In 2018, a film featuring the Joker entered development. Jared Leto was attached as an executive producer in addition to reprising his role as the Joker, as well as being involved with hiring the film's production crew.[44] By February 2019, the film had been canceled, and a Joker film unrelated to the DCEU was released later that year.[45]

Joker (2019)

In 2016, Todd Phillips began working on a stand-alone Joker film,[46] with intent for it to launch a line of films unconnected to the DCEU called DC Black.[47][48] Development of the film was confirmed in August 2017; Phillips was attached to direct and cowrite with Scott Silver, while Martin Scorsese was set to produce.[49] The film, Joker, was released in October 2019.[50]

In Joker, Joaquin Phoenix portrays Arthur Fleck, a party clown and aspiring stand-up comedian who suffers from a mental illness that causes pathological laughter. He lives with his delusional abusive adoptive mother Penny (Frances Conroy) in Gotham City in 1981 and idolizes talk show host Murray Franklin (Robert De Niro). After losing his job for dropping a gun in a children's hospital, Arthur kills three Wayne Enterprises employees on a train in self-defense, sparking city-wide protests. He slowly descends into insanity, killing his mother and the colleague (Glenn Fleshler) who gave him the gun. When he is invited on Franklin's show after being mocked on it, Arthur rants about society abandoning him and murders Franklin on live television. He is arrested but is rescued by protesters in clown masks and celebrated by them as a hero. His actions inspire a protester to kill the Waynes, making him indirectly responsible for Batman's existence.[51][52] Phoenix was awarded the Academy Award for Best Actor for his performance, making him the second actor to receive an Academy Award for playing the character, following Heath Ledger. In June 2022, Philips confirmed a sequel titled Joker: Folie à Deux is in development with Phoenix reprising his role. It was also reported that the film will be a musical.[53][54]

Space Jam: A New Legacy (2021)

Main article: Space Jam: A New Legacy

A Joker inspired by Jack Nicholson's 1989 Batman film appearance appears in Space Jam: A New Legacy (2021).[55][56]

The Batman (2022)

Main article: The Batman (film)

Barry Keoghan as the Joker, as he appears in a deleted scene from The Batman (2022).

Barry Keoghan portrays the Joker in The Batman (2022), making a cameo appearance in the theatrical cut, where he befriends Edward Nashton (Paul Dano) from across his cell at Arkham State Hospital.[57] In an extended deleted scene, the Batman (Robert Pattinson) reluctantly approaches the Joker to profile Nashton following his first two murders.[58]

Joker's physical appearance in the film was designed with the involvement of makeup artist Mike Marino, who similarly assisted in developing the fatsuit and prosthetics used for the film's iteration of Oswald "Oz" Cobblepot / Penguin (Colin Farrell). This incarnation of the character, seen only out of focus or in extreme close-ups, has a permanent smile as a result of an unknown biological condition and physically appears to have peeling skin and a burned scalp with patches of hair. Matt Reeves described this adaptation of the Joker as deformed from an early age, like Joseph Merrick, the Phantom of the Opera, or Gwynplaine in The Man Who Laughs (1928), and adept at using other people's horror to his advantage. The scene establishes that the Joker has a prior history with Batman, possibly as one of his first captures.[59][58]




The Joker appears as a recurring villain in The Adventures of Batman, voiced by Ted Knight.[60] He also appears in The New Adventures of Batman, voiced by Lennie Weinrib.[61]


Larry Storch provided the voice of the Joker in two episodes of The New Scooby-Doo Movies, in which he teams up with the Penguin and runs afoul of Batman, Robin and the Mystery Inc. gang.

The Joker appears in The Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians episode "The Wild Cards", voiced by Frank Welker.[62][63] He assists Darkseid by disguising himself as Ace, the leader of the Royal Flush Gang. Operating out of a giant house of cards, he recruits four thieves to be the rest of the Royal Flush Gang and leads them in capturing the heroes so that Darkseid's invasion force can attack Earth unimpeded. When Batman frees the captured heroes and they stop the invasion force, an enraged Darkseid hurls Joker through a portal that opens high in the sky. Wonder Woman catches him and he is arrested.

DC Animated Universe

The Joker appears in television series set in the DC Animated Universe, voiced by Mark Hamill.[64][65][66] The character first appeared in Batman: The Animated Series (1992–1995). The show is notable for introducing his sidekick and lover, Harley Quinn (voiced by Arleen Sorkin), to such popularity that she became a character in the comics. The Joker was also featured in the spin-off film Batman: Mask of the Phantasm (1993).[67]

The Joker returned in the follow-up series The New Batman Adventures (1997–1999) with a stylistic redesign. He was redesigned to have less prominent lips, a purple and green suit, darker hair, and white eyes with black sclera, resembling a skull. Furthermore, a 1950s-inspired incarnation of the character appears in the episode "Legends of the Dark Knight", voiced by Michael McKean.[66]

In the Superman: The Animated Series episode "World's Finest", a bankrupt Joker travels to Metropolis and makes a deal with Lex Luthor to kill Superman in exchange for a billion dollars only to be foiled by Batman and Superman, seemingly getting killed in an explosion. In the Justice League episodes "Injustice For All" and "Wild Cards", the Joker joins Luthor's Injustice League, despite the latter's protests owing to their failed partnership in "World's Finest" and pits the Justice League against the Royal Flush Gang as part of an elaborate ruse, respectively. In "A Better World", a lobotomized Joker is briefly seen in an alternate universe ruled by the Justice Lords. The Joker was later featured in the Static Shock episode "The Big Leagues", in which he starts a crime spree with a gang of Bang Babies but is foiled by Static, Batman and Robin.

The Joker made his final chronological appearance in the direct-to-video feature film Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker (2000), in which he mysteriously returns to Gotham City 40 years in the future. Flashbacks reveal that he and Harley Quinn kidnapped and tortured Robin (Tim Drake) for three weeks, turning him into an insane, miniature version of himself dubbed 'Joker Junior', learning Batman's secret identity in the process. He is ultimately killed in a battle with Batman and Batgirl; originally, he died after being shot by Tim, but in the edited version created amid controversy surrounding the Columbine High School massacre, he is pushed into cables and electrocuted offscreen. However, Joker secretly implanted a microchip in Drake's neck that possessed a copy of the Joker's consciousness and DNA, allowing him to take over his body and be revived. However, he is eventually defeated and killed again by the new Batman, Terry McGinnis. In the film, Joker was redesigned once again, the flashback depicts him in his original attire but his face is redesigned as a mix of both his appearance in Batman: The Animated Series and The New Batman Adventures bringing back his red lips which are rendered in a darker tone and his yellow sclera with red eyes are brought back. His future version is the same but wears a purple jumpsuit and his hair is slicked back. The redesign depicted in the flashback was later used for his earlier chronological appearances in Static Shock and Justice League.

The Batman (2004–2008)

The Joker appears in The Batman, voiced by Kevin Michael Richardson.[66] This version sports a significantly different appearance, with dreadlocks, red eyes, black fingerless gloves, and (initially) a purple and yellow straitjacket. Additionally, he is more reliant on physical combat than his comical gadgets, using his feet as dexterously as his hands to climb and hang from walls and ceilings. Most notably, this Joker was responsible for creating the first Clayface, accidentally infecting Detective Ethan Bennett with his Joker putty, and as a result, he became the target of Ethan's revenge.

The Joker also appears in the direct-to-video spin-off film The Batman vs. Dracula (2005). At the start, he launches a riot at Arkham Asylum, allowing both himself and the Penguin to escape, but during a subsequent confrontation with Batman, he accidentally falls into a river while wearing his electrified joy buzzer and is presumed dead. However, he ultimately survives and attempts to steal the treasure that he believes Penguin found; but what he presumes to be a chest is actually Dracula's casket, and upon accidentally awakening him, Joker is attacked and turned into a vampire. Unlike Dracula's other victims, Joker retains his personality and free will and raids a blood bank, where he is captured by Batman and used as a test subject for a cure for his infliction. After being cured, Joker is sent back to Arkham Asylum.

Batman: The Brave and the Bold (2008–2011)

The Joker appears in Batman: The Brave and the Bold, voiced by Jeff Bennett.[66] This version's appearance, personality and antagonism with Batman are similar to the Silver Age version drawn by Dick Sprang. Additionally, a heroic alternate universe version of the character, Red Hood, appears in the episodes "Deep Cover for Batman!", "Game Over for Owlman!", and "Mitefall!".

Young Justice (2010–2013, 2019-present)

The Joker appears in Young Justice, voiced by Brent Spiner. This version is a member of the Injustice League under orders of The Light.[68][66]

Teen Titans Go! (2013–present)

The Joker appears in Teen Titans Go!, voiced again by Jason Spisak.

Justice League Action (2016–2018)

The Joker appears in Justice League Action, with Mark Hamill reprising his role.[69][66]

Scooby-Doo and Guess Who? (2019–2021)

The Joker appears in the Scooby-Doo and Guess Who? episode "What a Night, For a Dark Knight!", voiced again by Hamill. He poses as Man-Bat while using harnesses to make him fly to kidnap Alfred Pennyworth and get access to Bruce Wayne's account. When Joker is defeated and unmasked, Daphne does give a positive compliment of his hair. Joker also made a cameo appearance in the episode, "One-Minute Mysteries", where the gang, who teamed up with The Flash, unmasked the Giant Teddy Bear believed to be the Joker and Fred unmasked again actually revealing The Trickster.

Harley Quinn (2019–present)

The Joker appears in Harley Quinn, voiced by Alan Tudyk.[70] This version is a member of the Legion of Doom. In the first episode, he proves to Harley multiple times that he does not truly care about her, prompting her to leave him and strive to become her own supervillain and surpass him. Afterward, Joker makes constant attempts to get back at her, culminating in taking over Gotham, temporarily killing Ivy, and capturing Harley, her crew, and Batman in the first-season finale. He then admits that he still loves Harley and decides to throw her in acid that will render her "normal" and eliminate any feelings Joker still has for her. Joker ultimately falls into the acid instead, though not before he destroys all of Gotham. Despite physically surviving, the acid renders him sane and causes his skin to return to normal.

In the second season, the Joker, cured of his insanity, leads a normal life as a bartender, barring sparse memories of his criminal past and the odd maniacal laughing fit. He also forms a relationship with a nurse named Bethany, who finds him among Gotham's ruins and nurses him back to health, and even becomes a stepfather to her children. When it's revealed that the Justice League is required to cleanse Gotham of Harley's discarded Parademon army and stop Doctor Psycho, Joker lets it slip that he recalls gifting the kids with a fairy tale book, which he forgot had the heroes sealed inside it by the Queen of Fables. Harley knocks the Joker into the acid again, restoring his villainous form and his full memory. During their quest to recover the book, reflects on his relationship with Bethany and realizes he found true love. He later reconciles with her and chooses to maintain both his criminal lifestyle and relationship with Bethany.

By the third season, the Joker has remained committed to his role as a suburban stepfather and largely abandoned crime. In "Joker: The Killing Vote", he decides to run for mayor for the good of his stepchildren and gets elected on a technicality after Commissioner Gordon, having noticed his change for the better, drops out of the race. In the fourth season, Joker announces his return to villainy, which his new family approves of, and rejoins the Legion of Doom. For his first evil act, he claims to have murdered Nightwing, although it is later revealed that he merely took credit for it from a sleep-deprived Harley. He later attempts to save face by shooting Batgirl.

DC Super Hero Girls (2019–2021)

The Joker appears in DC Super Hero Girls, voiced by Jeremiah Watkins. This version is a teenager and inmate of the Arkham Reform School.

Batwheels (2022–present)

The Joker appears in Batwheels, voiced by Mick Wingert. This version sports white makeup rather than bleached skin, and is accompanied by his Jokermobile Prank, who was brought to life by the Badcomputer to be part of his Legion of Zoom.

Suicide Squad Isekai (2024)

The Joker will appear in Suicide Squad Isekai, voiced by Yūichirō Umehara.[71]


Video games

See also: List of Batman video games

As Batman's nemesis, the Joker has appeared in several Batman-related video games.

Early appearances (1988–2003)

The Joker's earliest video game appearance was in Batman: The Caped Crusader (1988) developed by Ocean Software for 8-bit home computers such as the ZX Spectrum and Commodore 64 and by Data East for other platforms such as the Apple II, Commodore Amiga, and PC.[87] The game contains two parts that can be played in any order—the Joker's story or the Penguin's story.[88] The Joker also appears in several games based on the 1989 film, released between 1989 and 1992, including Batman: The Movie for the Amiga, Amstrad CPC, Atari ST, Commodore 64, MS-DOS, and ZX Spectrum;[89] Batman: The Video Game for the Nintendo Entertainment System and Game Boy;[88] Batman for the Genesis;[88] and an arcade game, Batman.[90]

Two games were released based on Batman: The Animated Series. The first was the Konami-developed game Batman: The Animated Series (1993) for Game Boy.[91] The second, The Adventures of Batman & Robin, was released for the Super NES as an action adventure platform and for Genesis as a side-scrolling shooter.[88] The only game based on the Batman Beyond franchise, Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker, was released as a companion to the eponymous film for Game Boy Color, PlayStation and Nintendo 64.[88] Batman: Vengeance (2001) was released for several platforms, based on The New Batman Adventures and starring its voice cast, including Mark Hamill as the Joker.

The Joker is featured in the platform game Batman: Return of the Joker, released for the NES in 1991 and the Genesis in 1992.[88] Other games include Batman: Chaos in Gotham (2001) for Game Boy Color, Justice League: Injustice for All (2002) for Game Boy Advance, and Batman: Dark Tomorrow (2003) for GameCube and Xbox, where he is voiced by Allen Enlow.[66] The Joker also makes a cameo in Batman: Rise of Sin Tzu (2003), released for several platforms.


Main article: Lego Batman

Batman: Arkham

Main article: Batman: Arkham

The Joker's character design in the main trilogy of the Batman: Arkham series was influenced by the graphic novel Batman: The Killing Joke.[95]

Mark Hamill reprises his role as the Joker in the main trilogy of the Batman: Arkham franchise, while Troy Baker voices a younger version of the character in the prequel Arkham Origins.[96][97][98] This depiction of the Joker has received widespread acclaim as critics have lauded the voice acting and the exploration of his rivalry with Batman.[99][100][101][102] The Joker won the 2011 Spike Video Game Awards' "Character of the Year" award for his role in Arkham City.[103] An alternate reality version of the Joker, voiced by J. P. Karliak, appears in Suicide Squad: Kill the Justice League.[104]


The Joker appears as a playable character in Injustice: Gods Among Us and its sequel, Injustice 2, developed by NetherRealm Studios, with Richard Epcar reprising the role from Mortal Kombat vs. DC Universe.[66]

Telltale's Batman

"John Doe" in a promotional image for Batman: The Enemy Within.

Anthony Ingruber voices the Joker, initially referred to as "John Doe", in Telltale Games' episodic point-and-click graphic adventure Batman video game series.[109]

Mortal Kombat

The Joker Official Gameplay Trailer in Mortal Kombat 11

Other games


The Joker appears in the 2011 theatrical production Batman Live, portrayed by Mark Frost. He masterminds a plot to defeat Batman by uniting several of the superhero's greatest foes, including Harley Quinn, Penguin, Two-Face, Riddler, Poison Ivy, and Scarecrow.[122][123] The show is an adaptation of the Batman property, drawing inspiration from the 1966 television series, Tim Burton's series of Batman films, and the 1992 animated series, among others.[122][124][125]


This article is missing information about actors and their portrayal years. Please expand the article to include this information. Further details may exist on the talk page. (March 2023)
Actor Live-action television Live-action film Records Animated television Radio Animated film Video games Live performance Web series Podcasts
Caesar Romero 1966–1968 1966 1966V
Lennie Weinrib 1977V
Jack Nicholson 1989
Kerry Shale 1989V
Mark Hamill 2002V 1992–2018V 1993–2016V 1994–2022V
Kevin Michael Richardson 2004–2008V 2005V
Heath Ledger 2008
Jeff Bennett 2008–2011V 2018V
Michael Dobson 2008–2009V
Mark Frost 2011, 2012
Brent Spiner 2011, 2021V 2021–2022V
Troy Baker 2015V 2014–2021V 2013V
Jared Leto 2016, 2021
Joaquin Phoenix 2019, 2024
Alan Tudyk 2019–presentV
Barry Keoghan 2022-present


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