Jonathan Crane / Scarecrow appears in Gotham, portrayed by Charlie Tahan (in the first season as well as the first half of the fourth season), and by David W. Thompson (in the second half of the fourth season as well as the fifth season). He is introduced in the first-season episodes "The Fearsome Dr. Crane" and "The Scarecrow". His father Gerald Crane (portrayed by Julian Sands) creates the 'fear toxin', a serum designed to eliminate fear, and then injects Jonathan with it. Detectives Jim Gordon and Harvey Bullock save Jonathan's life, but are too late to save his father and his sanity; the toxin has left him in a state of perpetual terror, plagued by hallucinations of his greatest fear: scarecrows. He is next seen in the season four episode "Pax Penguina," in which he is institutionalized in Arkham Asylum, where the corrupt warden Reed uses his fears to keep him under control. A gang of criminals led by Grady Harris and Merton bribe Reed to give them Crane and forces him to re-create his father's fear toxin so they can use it to control Gotham City. Jonathan eventually embraces his fear and uses the toxin against Grady Harris after Merton and his fellow gang members were arrested. He then wreaks havoc on Gotham with the toxin as "The Scarecrow". In "The Fear Reaper," Crane invades Arkham Asylum and uses the fear gas on Warden Reed and other inmates causing the guards to flee. When Gordon confronts Scarecrow, he gets infected with fear gas until he overcomes it. After Gordon turns on the sprinklers and neutralizes the fear gas' effects on the inmates, Scarecrow got away. In "One of My Three Soups," Scarecrow is shown as an inmate at Arkham Asylum after getting apprehended at some point. He is freed by the Mad Hatter where they, along with Jerome Valeska, collaborate in a plot that involves releasing all the inmates of Arkham Asylum. After the Hatter is defeated by Jim Gordon, Scarecrow gasses the driver of his transport as he and Jerome free him for their next plot. In "Mandatory Brunch Meeting," the Scarecrow is one of the criminals assembled by Jerome to be part of his "Legion of Horribles". He and the Mad Hatter break out Jerome from his twin brother Jeremiah's custody but are chased off by Gordon and Bullock. At the end of the episode, it is revealed that Jerome secretly tasked Scarecrow to concocts a laughing gas for him to spread across the city. In "That's Entertainment," Scarecrow, along with Mr. Freeze, carries out a raid on Wayne Enterprises' chemical lab to brew more of the dangerous toxin. Later, Scarecrow, Mad Hatter and the Penguin go to a hangar to load the laughing gas onto a blimp and release it upon Gotham. There, he reveals to Penguin that the other Legion members anticipated his betrayal and that he knew Penguin would go to Jim Gordon, and then proceeding to knock him out. In the episode "One Bad Day," Scarecrow assists Jeremiah Valeska in his plot to drive Bruce Wayne insane; using his fear toxin, Scarecrow makes Bruce hallucinate an insane Alfred attacking him, but Selina sneaks in and fights the Scarecrow, who is outmatched by her and then escapes as she frees Alfred and Bruce. In season 5, with Gotham now a "no man's land," Scarecrow leads his own gang as they take over a laboratory for Scarecrow's experiments, with Scarecrow killing the scientist who owns the lab. In the episode "Year Zero," Scarecrow then leads his gang on an attack against the GCPD's territory to steal their supplies, where he faces Gordon, who manages to drive him off. In the episode "Pena Dura," Gordon mentions Scarecrow to Eduardo Dorrance about the various criminals and their territories. In the episode "The Trial of Jim Gordon", Scarecrow made a cameo during Gordon's hallucination of his trial as a member of his jury and then attends his funeral.
Although he doesn't appear, Dr. Jonathan Crane / Scarecrow is referenced in the television series set in the Arrowverse.
In the second part of the fifth annual Arrowverse crossover event "Elseworlds", there is a box labeled "Crane, J." seen in the evidence room at Arkham Asylum, which contains the Scarecrow's fear gas. During the mass breakout at Arkham, Barry Allen and Oliver Queen confront the inmate Nora Fries after she hit Killer Frost with the frozen ray of her husband's gun. Oliver then tries to use his speed to throw a lightning bolt at Nora but misses and, instead, knocks the box containing the fear gas, exposing them to the gas and causing Barry and Oliver to start hallucinating, making them see each other as Eobard Thawne and Malcolm Merlyn, respectively. This leads to a fight between them until Batwoman brings both down, neutralizing the effects of the gas in the process.
Dr. Jonathan Crane is mentioned in the Supergirl episode "Crime and Punishment".
In Batwoman, the Scarecrow is mentioned in the episode "How Queer Everything Is Today!", as Luke Fox cites a "Scarecrow incident", in which the villain attempted to hack the internal computers on the Gotham City's trains, and caused the trains to be modified to run on an "independent analog system". In the episode "Grinning From Ear to Ear", August Cartwright uses the fear gas on his son Mouse, and in "Off with Her Head", Mouse uses it on Alice while Crane is mentioned in the same episode.
Dr. Jonathan Crane / Scarecrow appears in the third season of Titans, portrayed by Vincent Kartheiser. This version a former Arkham Asylum inmate turned profiler and consultant for the GCPD. He initially helps Police Commissioner Barbara Gordon and the Titans in combating Jason Todd / Red Hood, but he is later revealed as the true mastermind behind the latter's actions. During his transfer from Arkham to a new prison, Dick Grayson abducts Crane to use him as bait to lure Todd into a trap, knowing that the latter will attempt to rescue Crane; however, the confrontation ends with both Todd and Crane escaping. In a flashback from the episode "Lazarus", it is revealed that Crane took advantage of Todd's fear of being removed from his role as Robin, and manipulated him into getting killed by the Joker, before later resurrecting him via a Lazarus Pit. After Todd became the Red Hood, Crane began controlling him through a toxin so that he would help him in his goal to engulf Gotham City in fear. When Todd briefly breaks free of Crane's control and tries to help the Titans apprehend him, Crane takes advantage of this to frame them for a toxin outbreak. He subsequently introduces the Red Hood as the city's new protector, further turning Gotham against the Titans and forcing them to go into hiding. During this time, Crane moves into the abandoned Wayne Manor, but suffers a psychotic break and becomes increasingly violent, scaring his own face with a razor. In the finale, the more crazed Crane is dispatched by the Titans and locked up in Arkham where Rachel Roth incapacitates him with the energy released from the Lazarus Pit, with his fate ambiguous.
Dr. Johnathan Crane / The Scarecrow is featured in multiple shows set within the DC Animated Universe.
The character first appears in Batman: The Animated Series, voiced by Henry Polic II in an English accent. In the episode "Nothing to Fear", Dr. Jonathan Crane becomes the Scarecrow to exact his revenge on the Gotham University board members who fired him for experimenting on his own students. Despite drugging Batman with his fear toxin and kidnapping the university's dean, Scarecrow is ultimately exposed to his own gas and begins hallucinating his own phobia - a fear of bats - after which he is apprehended by Batman at his own chemical plant and sent to Arkham Asylum. In "Fear of Victory", Scarecrow combines his fear toxin with adrenaline to use on Gotham's athletes, rendering them unable to play as he bets against their teams and makes a profit. In "Dreams of Darkness", Scarecrow plots to taint Gotham's water supply with fear toxin. In "Trial", Scarecrow appears as one of the "jury" members during the rogues' gallery's "trial" against Batman at Arkham (though he was shown as silent as Polic had throat surgery). In "Lock Up", Scarecrow, Harley Quinn and the Ventriloquist issue a complaint against Arkham's brutal new security guard, Lyle Bolton.
Scarecrow returns in The New Batman Adventures, voiced by Jeffrey Combs with a low, rasping whisper (Jeff Bennett provided the character's laugh during his appearance in the episode "Over the Edge"). He gets a "darker", radically revamped design because the producers felt his original look was not frightening. Bruce Timm described Scarecrow's new outfit as resembling a "western preacher", complete with a "noose around his neck" as well as a "Texas Chainsaw MassacreLeatherface kind of look. It really had nothing to do with being a scarecrow per se, but he was definitely scary." Paul Dini commented that "he looked like a hanged man who had been cut down and gone off to terrorize people. We weren't even sure if there was an actual guy in the suit." In the episode "Never Fear", Scarecrow creates a new strain of toxin that eliminates fear and makes its victims dangerously reckless; Batman is exposed to the gas which renders him unafraid to kill. When Batman loses control and attempts to kill Scarecrow, Robin administers the antidote and the two send Scarecrow back to Arkham Asylum. In "Over the Edge", Scarecrow seizes control of Gotham City Hall and sprays Batgirl with his fear toxin, causing her to have a nightmare in which she is killed by him and a vendetta erupts between Batman and her father, Commissioner Gordon.
Scarecrow was initially slated to be featured in the final season of Justice League Unlimited as a member of the Legion of Doom, referencing his appearance as an original member of the group in Challenge of the Super Friends (alongside with The Riddler), but these plans were ultimately canceled due to the Bat-embargo.
Scarecrow appeared in The Batman/Superman Hour, voiced by Ted Knight. Although he does not use fear gas in this series, he uses knock-out gas, which he keeps in eggs. He was seen in the episode "The Great Scarecrow Scare".
Scarecrow appeared in the Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians, voiced by Andre Stojka. In the episode "The Fear", Scarecrow captures Robin and Wonder Woman after he exposes them and Batman to his fear transmitters, as he forces the Caped Crusader to relive the memories of his parents' murder in Crime Alley, which would be the first animated rendition of Batman's origin. In the same episode, Professor Crane was working as a consultant for Commissioner Gordon and the Gotham City Police Department to help them find Scarecrow and put an end to his exploits of fear, without anyone knowing yet that both are the same person. Using his detective skills, Batman was able to figure out that Scarecrow and Professor Crane were one and the same. Later, Batman confronts the villain in a cornfield, where he was soon able to apprehend Crane, rescue Wonder Woman, and Robin, and turn him over to the Gotham City Police.
Scarecrow appears in Batman: The Brave and the Bold, voiced by Dee Bradley Baker. In the episode "Trials of the Demon", he collaborates with Scream Queen to put jack-o'-lanterns filled with fear gas on a Halloween night in a local neighborhood. Scarecrow is defeated by Batman while Scream Queen is defeated by the Flash using the toxin in some pumpkins in a patch against Scream Queen. Scarecrow appears as an inmate at Blackgate Penitentiary in the episode "Night of the Huntress", and is among the singing inmates at Arkham Asylum in the episode "Mayhem of the Music Meister!".
Scarecrow appears in Harley Quinn, voiced by Rahul Kohli. This version has a British accent in reference to Cillian Murphy and the version from the 1992 series. He is a member of the Legion of Doom. In the episode "Harley Quinn Highway", with help from the Legion, Scarecrow kidnaps Poison Ivy so he can combine his fear toxin with her pheromones and destroy Gotham City. Though he is nearly thwarted by Harley Quinn and her crew, he succeeds in poisoning the Gotham Reservoir and transforming Gotham's trees into man-eating monsters. He makes a cameo in the following episode, "Devil's Snare", while being pursued by Batman in response to the event. In the season finale "The Final Joke", Scarecrow became the Joker's new sidekick after he captured Batman and Harley's crew and took over Gotham. After a week of torturing them, Joker becomes bored, so Scarecrow tries to help by unmasking Batman in front of him. However, this enrages Joker, as it ruined the "mystery", and he kills Scarecrow with his acid-squirting flower. Scarecrow later appears in a third season episode during an in memoriam segment of a villains award show.
Cillian Murphy portrays Jonathan Crane/Scarecrow in Christopher Nolan's The Dark Knight Trilogy, and is the only villain to appear in all three films. This version of the character wears a burlap sack with a built-in rebreather that doubles as a gas mask for his fear experiments. Murphy explained that the relatively simple mask, as opposed to the full scarecrow costume seen in the comics, was utilized because he "wanted the Scarecrow to avoid the Worzel Gummidge look, because he's not a very physically imposing man—he's more interested in the manipulation of the mind and what that can do".
In Batman Begins, Dr. Jonathan Crane is a corrupt psychopharmacologist working as Chief Administrator at Arkham Asylum. He has secretly created a fear-inducing hallucinogen and plots with the terroristRa's al Ghul to expose the entire population of Gotham City to this toxin. Crane smuggles the chemical ingredient for his "fear gas" into Gotham through the connections of mob boss Carmine Falcone, and in exchange Crane testifies in court that all of Falcone's arrested men are legally insane and should be moved to Arkham under his care. Assistant District Attorney Rachel Dawes accuses Crane of being corrupt, prompting Crane and Falcone to plot to have Dawes murdered. When an arrested Falcone later attempts to blackmail Crane, the latter dons his gas mask and douses Falcone with his fear toxin, driving the crime lord insane and causing him to repeatedly utter 'Scarecrow'. During Crane's first encounter with Batman, he sprays the vigilante with his fear gas and sets him on fire, though Batman narrowly escapes with both his life and mind intact. With Lucius Fox's help, Batman develops an antidote to Crane's drug. At Arkham Asylum, Crane exposes Rachel to his fear toxin when his illegal operations are discovered. However, Batman arrives and gives Crane a dose of his own toxin before leaving him for James Gordon to arrest, and he is driven insane by the exposure of his own chemical. Despite being institutionalized at Arkham, Crane escapes during the mass release of the asylum's inmates as part of Ra's plot to plunge Gotham into fear. As Ra's unleashes the gas on the city's slums, Crane, now calling himself 'Scarecrow', pursues Rachel and a boy on a police horse. After Rachel shocks Scarecrow with a taser, Crane aimlessly rides off into the night and remains at large.
In The Dark Knight, Scarecrow has become a drug-dealing criminal. He and his men meet with mob boss Chechen's crew at a parking garage, who complains about the effects that Scarecrow's sold toxin has on his customers. A group of Batman impostors then arrive and attack the two criminals, only to be interrupted by the real vigilante. Scarecrow attempts to escape in his van after spraying a Batman impostor with his gas, but the real Batman manages to apprehend Crane and ties him up along with the impostors for the police to arrest.
In The Dark Knight Rises, Jonathan Crane is released along with the other prisoners of Blackgate Penitentiary when Bane takes control of Gotham. Once liberated, Crane presides over a show trial which he refers to as a sentencing hearing wherein Gotham's wealthiest citizens are given a choice between death and exile. Those who choose "exile" are made to cross the thin ice over the frozen river connecting Gotham to the other shore, with an almost certain chance of falling through the thin ice and drowning. In addition, Bane also grants Crane full control of the courts to the extent that even Bane himself would not affect his ruling decision. When Commissioner Gordon, several cops, and Miranda Tate are captured and brought into trial, Gordon tells Crane that he and his men won't go on the ice willingly and therefore chooses death. Crane sentences them to "death by exile", while Bane takes Miranda. However, Batman manages to save Gordon. After Batman stops Bane's plan to detonate a nuclear bomb in Gotham, Crane is presumably arrested by Gotham police along with many other convicted criminals.
Scarecrow was planned to appear in a version of Andrew Kevin Walker's canceled Batman Vs Superman titled Asylum, Bruce Wayne would have revealed to Alfred that the last case he had to deal with before retirement as Batman, the Jigsaw murders (named so due to the fact that body parts were severed and bones were stolen from graves), Crane would be arrested by Batman and imprisoned in Arkham Asylum, he's described as wearing "A Sewn patchwork hat and a freakish frightening burlap mask, He screams and struggles while imprisoned in a straight jacket, Bruce notes that in this continuity, Crane only went after people who had bullied him when he was younger, turning their fears against them, whilst this time the attacks were random, Batman would watch him at night, Batman eventually tracks the bones down to an abandoned meat packing plant(with all the flooring pulled up to expose the soil beneath). Batman after several nights and looking through several forensics notices that Crane's right hand had been bandaged, Batman rips out the flower pot, discovering Crane's severed finger, terrifying Crane, Bruce then later finds a garden of flesh, traumatized by the incident, he eventually chooses to retire until a clone of The Joker kills Bruce's wife, Elizabeth Miller. This scene was later cut in the rewrite by Akiva Goldsman and seen as too gruesome.
Scarecrow was intended to appear in Batman: DarKnight, another film of the Batman film series that was canceled, in which he would have also been portrayed by Coolio. In the film, Dr. Jonathan Crane uses his position as professor of psychology at Gotham University and as head psychologist at Arkham Asylum to conduct experiments concerning fear (this element would later appear in Batman Begins). During a vengeful confrontation with a colleague, Dr. Kirk Langstrom, Crane unknowingly initiates Langstrom's transformation into the creature known as Man-Bat. Crane then exacts revenge on those responsible for his dismissal from both Arkham and the university while encountering truths about his past.
A concept art of Scarecrow for Suicide Squad reveals that he was originally set to appear in the film, but was cut for unknown reasons.
Scarecrow appears in the direct-to-DVD animated production Batman: Gotham Knight, voiced by Corey Burton. During the character's appearance in the segment "In Darkness Dwells", Scarecrow gathers an army of Arkham inmates in the sewers and uses Killer Croc to get them from above. As Jonathan Crane, he had been Killer Croc's psychologist at Arkham Asylum. Scarecrow uses Killer Croc to capture the priest Cardinal O'Fallon to hold on to a mock trial in the sewers because Scarecrow is angered by O'Fallon's attempts to help the homeless. Scarecrow sentences O'Fallon to death but is saved by Batman triggering an explosion in the process. Nevertheless, Scarecrow escapes the authorities when the sewers begin to flood.
Scarecrow didn't appear in Justice League: Doom, but he is mentioned by Batman. Also in the film, his fear gas is used by Star Sapphire in a trap against Green Lantern, to undermine his will and exploit his fears, convincing him that he doesn't deserve the power and to renounce his ring. Batman then shows himself and offers to Jordan the antidote, but he refuses, instead summoning his ring and reestablishing his willpower, overcoming the effects of the fear gas.
Scarecrow briefly appears in Batman: Assault on Arkham, voiced by Christian Lanz. Scarecrow is one of the many inmates released from Arkham Asylum by the Joker during his plans to activate a dirty bomb within Gotham and the Suicide Squad's mission to infiltrate the institution. He injected his fear gas into some of the guards before ultimately being recaptured.
Scarecrow didn't appear but is mentioned in Justice League: Throne of Atlantis. In the film, Batman is pursuing some of Scarecrow's henchmen in order to scare them into giving Batman his location, but Green Lantern intervenes and catches them, which angers Batman.
Scarecrow also appears in an animated short included on the home video of the film called Nightwing and Robin, with Michael Rosenbaum providing the voice for the character. The short features Nightwing and Robin facing Scarecrow and his gang in a warehouse, which results in the villain's defeat.
Scarecrow appears in Lego DC Comics Super Heroes: Justice League: Gotham City Breakout, voiced by John DiMaggio who's uncredited for the role. He is among the villains Superman unintentionally releases from Arkham Asylum. When the Justice League is held captive at the Joker's funhouse, Scarecrow douses the Justice League with fear gas, rendering them cowardly enough for the other villains to torment them. Scarecrow is last seen towards the end of the movie where he is defeated by Robin and put back in Arkham Asylum.
Scarecrow appears in The Lego Batman Movie, voiced by Jason Mantzoukas. At the start of the film, Scarecrow is one of the many supervillains attacking Gotham City as part of Joker's army where he breathes fear gas onto a gate guard. He is defeated by Batman but escapes alongside the others. On the following day, Scarecrow invades the city's winter gala party with the rest of Gotham's villains. He and the rest of them are apprehended by the police when Joker persuades them to surrender. Later, along with the other city's villains, Scarecrow is recruited by Batman and his allies to work together to send the escaped villains back into the Phantom Zone and save Gotham City. Once Gotham is saved, Batman allows Scarecrow and the rest of his rogues' gallery to escape.
Scarecrow appears in Batman vs. Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles, voiced by Jim Meskimen. As in the original comic, he is transformed into a mutant crow when the Joker infects the inmates of Arkham Asylum with the mutagen. He faces off against Batman and Leonardo and infects the latter with his fear gas, causing him to see visions of his brothers' deaths. Batman helps Leonardo overcome the fear gas, allowing him to knock Scarecrow out. Scarecrow is later cured thanks to Batgirl and Donatello's retro mutagen.
Scarecrow appears in Batman: Hush, voiced by Chris Cox. While investigating a graveyard break-in, Nightwing and Catwoman are attacked by the Scarecrow. Nightwing is overpowered by the fear toxin, but Catwoman defeats Scarecrow and gets Nightwing to safety.
Scarecrow appears in the 2021 two-part animated film Batman: The Long Halloween, voiced by Robin Atkin Downes, with his depiction and appearance based on that in the original comic. On Mother's Day, with help from Sofia Falcone, he escapes from Arkham Asylum and injects Batman with fear toxin, revealing that he killed his mother and believes she still watches over him. He and the Mad Hatter are then sent by Carmine Falcone to rob Gotham's banks, but are ultimately defeated by Batman and returned to Arkham. Solomon Grundy and Two-Face later free Arkham's supervillain inmates to help the latter get his revenge on Falcone, with Scarecrow, Hatter and Poison Ivy causing havoc in Gotham to distract the GCPD. In the final battle, Scarecrow is subdued by Batman and Catwoman.
Scarecrow appears in Lego Batman: The Videogame, with vocal effects provided by Dave Wittenberg. He is seen working for the Joker, and is the third boss of Chapter 3 "The Joker's Return." He has only one special ability: mind control, with which he can make guards open doors. He also sprays his fear gas which petrifies his victims; however, it only works at close range. In addition, he makes full use of his "violent dancing" martial arts skills in unarmed combat. Scarecrow also uses a biplane, which he uses in his boss fight to distribute his fear gas. When Batman and Robin pursue the Joker in their air vehicles, they encounter Scarecrow who drops a weight on the Batwing's right-wing causing it to spin. The player needs to use the Batcopter to grapple onto him then switch to the Batwing to fire torpedoes at him. When Scarecrow is defeated, his plane crashes into the Joker's helicopter and they float down on balloons (Scarecrow's being shaped like a jack-o'-lantern and Joker's being shaped liked a balloon dog). In the villain story, it is revealed that they land in Gotham Museum where they try to escape. However, a cop grabs Scarecrow with a crane and the Joker leaves without him. In the hero ending, he is seen hanged up like a real scarecrow with a bunch of birds.
Scarecrow appears in Lego Batman 2: DC Super Heroes, voiced by Nolan North. After the Joker breaks out of Arkham once again, Batman and Robin investigate. The elevator breaks and they fall under the asylum, where many rioting inmates are on the loose. Scarecrow is then seen watching and he tries to slow Batman down multiple times using fear toxin. After Batman shuts down all the fear venom barriers, Batman finally faces Scarecrow. Scarecrow then floods the room with a fear toxin which makes Batman and Robin see visions of a giant Scarecrow. Once Batman and Robin turn on the fans to stop the fear poison, they easily take down Jonathan Crane. Later, when all the inmates of the asylum are on the loose, Scarecrow hides out in a pumpkin tent in the amusement mile, and his catchphrase is, "You know what I always say? Fright makes right." He is flooding the amusement park with fear poison, sending citizens running and screaming. Batman confronts Scarecrow, but Scarecrow fills the tent with his fear toxin, which makes Batman see a giant version of Scarecrow once again. Batman then destroys the pumps that are producing fear venom, which makes Scarecrow look normal size again. Batman then easily takes down Crane and brings him back to custody. After the player defeats Scarecrow, he can be purchased for play in free play mode.
Scarecrow as depicted in Arkham Asylum (left) and Arkham Knight (right). This version of the character uses a mechanical gauntlet strapped with four fluorescent hypodermic needles to inject his fear toxin.
In Batman: Arkham Asylum (2009), Scarecrow is among the inmates set free during the Joker's takeover of Arkham Island. He exposes Batman to his fear toxin and forces him to fight off nightmarish hallucinations. When Scarecrow flees to the sewers of the asylum to infect Gotham City's water supply, he is attacked by Killer Croc. During the struggle, Batman activates Croc's electric collar with a batarang, causing Croc to drag Scarecrow into the waters with him. In one of three possible post-credits scenes, Scarecrow's hand emerges from the ocean and grabs a floating crate of the Titan formula.
In Batman: Arkham City (2011), several clues can be found that hint at Scarecrow's return. His old mask is discarded near the Industrial District, and a boat in the harbor contains imported insects and a human test subject for his fear toxin. Hidden radio frequency broadcasts can also be heard in Arkham City of a mysterious voice repeating a sequence of numbers that, when decrypted, reveals three messages: "I will return Batman"; "You will pay for what you have done to me"; and "Fear will tear Gotham City to shreds".
In the prequel Batman: Arkham Origins (2013), Dr. Jonathan Crane's name can be seen on the visitors' list at Blackgate Penitentiary. A flyer soliciting test subjects for Crane's research on fear can also be found on the Penguin's ship docked at the Amusement Mile.
In Batman: Arkham Knight (2015), Scarecrow returns and unites all of the villains in Gotham City in an attempt to finally destroy Batman. Having surgically reconstructed his disfigured face to resemble his mask after being mauled by Killer Croc, he forces the civilian evacuation of Gotham by threatening to unleash his potent new strain of fear toxin on Halloween, allowing the Arkham Knight's militia to occupy the city. Scarecrow manufactures the toxin at Ace Chemicals and prepares to cover the Eastern Seaboard with fear gas. He is confronted by Batman and reveals that he has kidnapped Barbara Gordon before escaping. Scarecrow seizes control of Simon Stagg's airship to extract the "Cloudburst", a mass dispersal device for his fear toxin. He has the Arkham Knight activate the device, but Batman uses the Batmobile to destroy it and Poison Ivy sacrifices herself to reverse its effects. After the Arkham Knight is defeated, his army swears their allegiance to Scarecrow, who holds Barbara hostage to force her father Commissioner Gordon to betray Batman. Although Batman rescues Barbara, Scarecrow has the militia attack the Gotham City Police Department while he kidnaps Commissioner Gordon and Robin, using them as leverage to force Batman to surrender at the ruins of Arkham Asylum. Scarecrow unmasks Batman as Bruce Wayne on live television before injecting him with fear toxin. Batman overcomes his fears and subdues Scarecrow with his own toxin, after which he is taken into GCPD custody.
The Batman: Arkham Asylum incarnation of Scarecrow makes a cameo appearance in Injustice: Gods Among Us. In the Arkham Asylum stage, if one of the characters is thrown through the cell door on the right side of the first tier, they will be attacked by Scarecrow. He will poison the player with his fear toxins, take a gigantic appearance, and beat up the opponent before sending the player into the next arena. Scarecrow is also seen in many S.T.A.R. Labs Missions.
Scarecrow appears as a playable character in Injustice 2, voiced by Robert Englund (as a possible homage to another nightmare-based villain). This version of the character seems to have taken some inspiration from the Dark Knight Trilogy version, as he wears the traditional Scarecrow mask, but wears a doctor's lab coat with a noose as a necktie. In combat, he uses his fear gas to make the opponents face a hallucination of a monstrous version of himself. Even though Scarecrow never takes off the mask in-game, PC players have been able to go into the game's code and remove his mask. Surprisingly, his face is fully modeled and textured. He appears to be a middle-aged man with short black hair, dark bags under his eyes, and stubble. Strangely, his face is also used for the Slasher Inmate enemy that appears in the mobile version of Injustice 2. In the story, Scarecrow is one of Gorilla Grodd's Society members, and has joined them in order to sow fear and panic around the world. Scarecrow is first seen at the Slaughter Swamp, alongside Deadshot and Poison Ivy, sending large amounts of his toxin to Grodd until Green Arrow, Black Canary and Harley Quinn show up to face them, but after Swamp Thing emerges, Scarecrow flees on a boat. Later during Brainiac's invasion, Scarecrow confronts Wonder Woman inside a bar at Metropolis where he is defeated. In his single-player ending, he breaks Brainiac's mind with his toxin, then hijacks Brainiac's ship as his own personal laboratory to study the fears of the thousands of civilizations Brainiac has collected.
Scarecrow appears as a boss in The Adventures of Batman & Robin. In the stage "Perchance to Scream", he uses his blimp to get his revenge on Gotham State University. Scarecrow plans to spray his fear gas on air using the blimp so that it can turn Gotham's citizens on criminals, but he is later defeated by Batman.
Scarecrow appears in the Batman Begins video game, voiced by Cillian Murphy. At the beginning of the game, Batman tries to capture the corrupt Dr. Jonathan Crane at the asylum, but Crane dons his Scarecrow mask and douses Batman with fear gas, causing Batman to go through a distorted version of the game with the Dark Knight's worst fears and childhood fear of bats. Batman thinks that Scarecrow is in front of a window but instead was an illusion and Batman jumps out of the window on fire. Later, after being informed by Detective Flass about Crane working with Falcone and using Arkham Asylum's water supply to install a liquid venom compound of his fear drug, Batman returns to Arkham to save Rachel Dawes having been exposed to the poison fear gas by Crane. In the game, the player must take out his thugs and then fight Scarecrow while taking off his mask and exposing the doctor to his own fear gas, which will cause him to see Batman as a monster and reveal who he is working for. The player then knocks Crane out and continues to save Rachel. During the riots at the Narrows, Scarecrow tries to lower the bridge to release the maniacs poisoned by the fear toxin but is confronted by Batman. He detonates a bomb, sending Batman flying out a window. Batman returns and confronts Crane having been exposed to fear toxin, driving him insane and causing him to see a demonic, terrifying version of Batman. Panicking, he falls into the river. Alfred Pennyworth believes he is dead, but Batman thinks otherwise.
Scarecrow is a boss in the Nintendo DS version of Batman: The Brave and the Bold – The Videogame. In the game, Batman wakes up from a slab and as moves onward, he enters a nightmarish realm and runs into Scarecrow, who leaves his accomplice Scream Queen to finish off Batman, but he is able to defeat her. Eventually, Batman finds Scarecrow with Robin hanging on to the building. After dispatching Scarecrow, Batman fails to save Robin. At this moment, it's revealed that Batman was actually experiencing a virtual reality simulation cooked up by The Brain.
Scarecrow plays a prominent role in The Dark Knight Rises android game, based loosely on The Dark Knight Rises film. He never wears his trademark Scarecrow mask and it's only seen in a cutscene as he's being led away by police.
Scarecrow appears in Scribblenauts Unmasked: A DC Comics Adventure. He is one of the villains ordered to collect Starites and one of 5 Batman villains to do so (along with the Joker, Harley Quinn, Poison Ivy and Ra's al Ghul). He is seen in Arkham Asylum where he douses Maxwell with fear gas. Maxwell then sees hallucinations of four of his brothers, which he destroys by giving them what they want. He then finds a hallucination of his father, which he destroys by shrinking it. Maxwell is then chained and hung upside-down, with Doppelgänger lowering him into a tub of acid. But the fear gas makes Maxwell thinks it is his beloved sister Lily. Luckily, Maxwell comes to his senses and the fear gas wears off. Scarecrow is then defeated by Batgirl and Maxwell is freed. Scarecrow can also be spawned by the player and is playable in the Wii U version of the game.
Scarecrow appears in Batman, as one of the escapees from Arkham. Scarecrow sets fear gas-filled hot air balloons, challenging Batman to stop him. Batman manages to destroy all the balloons.
Scarecrow makes non-voice appearances in the web series Batman Unlimited. He appears in the episodes "Bank Heist", "Fight Night at the Museum", and "Breakout or Bust".
Scarecrow appears in the Harley Quinn web series, voiced by Rahul Kohli. He speaks with a Cockney accent and is shown to be a member of the Legion of Doom. In the episode "Harley Quinn Highway", with help from the Legion, Scarecrow kidnaps Poison Ivy so he can combine his fear toxin with her pheromones and destroy Gotham City. Though he's nearly thwarted by Harley Quinn and her crew, he succeeds in poisoning the Gotham Reservoir and transforming Gotham's trees into man-eating monsters. He makes a cameo in the following episode, "Devil's Snare" while being pursued by Batman in response to the event. In the season finale "The Final Joke", Scarecrow is shown to have become the Joker's new sidekick after he captures Batman and Harley's crew and takes over Gotham. After a week of torturing them, Joker becomes bored, so Scarecrow tries to help by unmasking Batman in front of him. However, this enrages Joker, as it ruined the "mystery", and he kills Scarecrow with his acid-squirting flower.
A Batman: The Animated Series Scarecrow figure was released by Kenner in 1994.
A Scarecrow figure was released in Mattel's DC Super Heroes line.
Two figures of Scarecrow were released in the Batman Begins movie line, both featuring the same face-changing gimmick. The first version wears an Arkham Asylum straitjacket, while the other wears a blood-stained shirt.
Hot Toys has released a 12' Scarecrow collectible based on his appearance at the end of Batman Begins.
A Scarecrow figure was released in the Movie Masters line for The Dark Knight, featuring an unbound Arkham Asylum straitjacket.
A Scarecrow figure was released as part of the Batman: Hush figure line. This figure was later re-released in a three-pack.
Fisher-Price Imaginext has released a Scarecrow Minifigure in their DC Super Friends line, packaged with Poison Ivy.
In 2015, DC Collectibles released a Scarecrow figure in series 1 of their Batman: Arkham Knight line.
Funko Mystery Minis has released a Scarecrow Minifigure in their Batman: Arkham series line, based on his Arkham Knight design.
Medicom Toy has released a MAFEX Scarecrow figure in their The Dark Knight Trilogy series, based on his appearance in Batman Begins.
Scarecrow is featured as one of the antagonists in StarKid Productions production of Holy Musical B@man!, portrayed by Dylan Saunders. In the show, Scarecrow, along with other rogues, worked with Sweet Tooth in a plot to kill Batman and take over Gotham City by putting nuclear warheads in the city's water supply.
Scarecrow is featured in one of CollegeHumor's "Badman" shorts. The short parodies when Scarecrow first meets Batman in Batman Begins and sprays his fear toxin on him, but in this version, he finds that Batman has odd fears such as Girl Scouts, Roombas, and actor Christopher McDonald.
Scarecrow appears in an unofficial prequel to The Dark Knight Rises, where he is released from Arkham with strings pulled by the Riddler and leaves Gotham City after being interrogated by Jim Gordon about plans by a different Joker.