Since his first appearance in 1939, Batman has been adapted into various media including film, radio, television, and video games, as well as numerous and several merchandising items. The Batman franchise has become one of the highest-grossing media franchises of all time.
In 1964, a Batman Dracula black and white American superhero fan film, was produced and directed by Andy Warhol. Few scenes survive to this day, as it was an unauthorized production, simply known because of Warhol's fame.
2018: Ready Player One includes a scene set in the OASIS virtual world which has an animated Batman climbing Mount Everest. In another scene, the 1966 TV series' Batmobile participates in a car race inside the OASIS.
The series premiered September 22, 2014, on FOX and ended April 25, 2019, starring David Mazouz as a young Bruce Wayne. The series depicts young Bruce Wayne following the death of his parents. Also Bruce is 12 years old when his parents die, unlike his traditional age being 7 or 8 years old. When the series reached its finale, stunt performer Mikhail Mudrik served as the physical actor for Wayne as Mazouz still wasn't 6 foot 4, the showrunners height preference for their Batman  Mazouz was able wear the Batsuit in the final shot with the help of forced perspective. He also lent his voice to all Batman speaking scenes in the last episode.
Batman is mentioned several times in the series. He was shown from behind in the episode "Origins" and was voiced by an uncredited actor. Batman appearing in the first season finale in a dream sequence created by Trigon where he started killing his enemies causing Dick to end Batman's life. Stunt doubles Alain Moussi and Maxim Savarias portray Batman in that appearance. Batman's alter ego Bruce makes his full appearance in the second season, portrayed by Iain Glen. Bruce is visited by Dick after the defeat of Trigon, allowing Dick to restart the Titans on the condition that Robin II be a member. In his self-titled episode, Bruce appears in Dick's hallucinations about the guilt he felt following a disastrous fight with Deathstroke. In the episode "E.L._.O.," Starfire, Raven, Donna Troy, and Dove are lured to the Elko Diner by Bruce in an effort to reunite the team after Dick was incarcerated at Kane County Correctional Facility. In the episode "Nightwing," Bruce Wayne attends Donna's funeral at Titan's Tower. When Starfire thanks Bruce for bringing them together, Bruce had no knowledge of going to Elko and claimed that they confused him with someone else.
Bruce Wayne appears briefly on a magazine cover in The CW's Batwoman season one finale, portrayed by Warren Christie. The character Thomas Elliot masquerades as Wayne in the opening episode of season two before being discovered and forcibly unmasked by Ryan Wilder. In the episode "Armed and Dangerous", a subconscious manifestation of Bruce Wayne appeared before Luke Fox after he was shot by Russell Tavaroff in the previous episode which landed Luke in a coma. Bruce gave Luke the choice of living or dying. After being purged of "Circe" in the season two finale, Kate leaves Gotham City with plans to find Bruce.
Batwoman's writers and producers Natalie Abrams, Chad Fiveash and James Stoteraux are in development of a live action Gotham Knights TV series for the CW and Berlanti Productions. A pilot order was confirmed in February 2022.
1977–78: The New Adventures of Batman, produced by Filmation; while the H-B-produced Super Friends ran on ABC, Adam West and Burt Ward (Robin) voiced their previously live-action roles for this CBS cartoon series; later rerun as part of The Batman/Tarzan Adventure Hour (the Tarzan segments had also been previously seen as their own series)
DC Animated Universe
1992–2006: In The DC animated universe produced by Warner Bros. Animation; Batman is a major character and is voiced by Kevin Conroy in all appearances. For Batman: The Animated Series (1992–95) Conroy used two different voice tones to differentiate both Bruce Wayne and Batman, an upbeat tone for the former and a more gruff one with the latter. Although in later series he uses only one voice tone for both characters, this is in line with his characterization as in the first series he is depicted with a much warmer and friendlier personality and in the later ones shows a noticeably more colder and withdrawn personality:
1992–95: Batman: The Animated Series; the first series of the DCAU. Batman is approximately in the ninth year of his crime-fighting career; he spends much of his time fighting crime solo, as Dick Grayson/Robin by then is in college and therefore works with him semi-regularly. He is also shown regularly dating Selina Kyle as Bruce Wayne. He is shown to also have a very close relationship with Commissioner James Gordon, viewing him like a father figure, and becomes extremely worried for him in one episode and quits for a while after he is badly injured and nearly dies after being shot by a criminal, though he comes to his senses later on.
1996–99: Superman: The Animated Series; Batman first guest stars in "World's Finest", he comes to Metropolis to stop Joker, who being bankrupt allies with Lex Luthor to kill Superman for a million dollars. He also dates Lois Lane briefly much to the chagrin of Clark Kent /Superman, though they put aside their differences and work to stop Joker. He next appears in "Knight Time", where he is revealed to have gone missing leading to Superman and Robin working together to find him, and when they do find out he is under Brainiac's control, the latter wanting a secret weapon to help control the planet though he is eventually stopped. He then appears in "The Demon Reborn" where he rescues Superman from Ra's al Ghul who wanted the former's strength for immortality after the Lazarus Pits began failing due to his continuous usage. The duo then team up to stop him and the Society of Shadows.
1997–99: The New Batman Adventures; a continuation of Batman: The Animated Series, Bruce now works with Barbara Gordon/Batgirl and Tim Drake/Robin, the former of whose secret identity he figured out in the interim between the two shows. Dick Grayson left Gotham after an argument with Batman over knowing but not telling him Barbara's secret and his increased ruthlessness and manipulative behaviour as revealed in "Old Wounds", though he eventually returns and occasionally works with him as Nightwing and despite forgiving him, does not fully reconcile with his former mentor.
1999–2001: Batman Beyond; a middle-aged Batman retired from crime-fighting, after he suffered a mild heart attack during a rescue mission that forced him to use a gun in self defense, something he highly detests, though he didn't kill his attacker. Twenty years later, though initially reluctant, Bruce passes the mantle of Batman onto teenager Terry McGinnis (voiced by Will Friedle) after the latter experiences a similar tragedy to his own, the loss of a parent, thus becoming his mentor from that point onwards.
2001–04: Justice League; the original Batman becomes one of the founding members of the League, even financing the construction and improvement of both Watchtowers though does not officially join them, claiming not to be a "people" person and continuing as a part-timer. He plays a pivotal role in stopping the Imperium Invasion in the premiere three parter episode. Meets an alternate version of himself who has become a dictator on his earth alongside his fellow lords and succeeds in convincing the latter that he is wrong and sets him on the right path, and in the three part season finale, risks his life in stopping the Thanagarian invasion. He is also shown having a mutual attraction to Wonder Woman as they flirt frequently evidenced in the episodes, "The Brave and the Bold", "Maid of Honor" and the finale where they share a kiss, while hiding from Thanagarian troops.
2002–04: Static Shock; Batman guest stars in "The Big Leagues" where he and Robin help Static stop Joker and his new gang of bang-baby metahumans from going on a crime spree, "Hard as Nails" where he helps Static thwart Poison Ivy and Harley Quinn's plans to use new bang baby Nails and rescue her, "A League of Their Own" where he, the Justice League, Static and Gear fight Brainiac and "Future Shock" where both he and his older self from Batman Beyond appear with the former playing a minor role alongside Robin in stopping a villain Timecode and the latter a bigger one as he helps Static and his successor Terry rescue Static's future self; he appears in his "New Batman Adventures" attire for three episodes and in his "Justice League" outfit for one episode.
2004–06: Justice League Unlimited; a continuation of Justice League, he again plays instrumental roles in helping his allies, such as recruiting Green Arrow to the Justice League in "Initiation", saves Wonder Woman with help from Zatanna after she is transformed into a pig by Circe in "This Little Piggy", in that episode he reveals that though he may have feelings for Diana, does not want to enter a relationship with her as he fears that it could cause problems in the team, possibly due to seeing the status-quo damage caused by the relationship between John Stewart and Shayera Hol. He demonstrates to Amanda Waller, that she is only a tool in Lex Luthor's plot to discredit the League. He also meets an alternate version of his older self and his successor Terry, in the episode "The Once and Future Thing Part Two: Time Warped" and along with Green Lantern are the only two leaguers to remember the events of the mission and here his feelings for Diana are briefly stressed here again. The episode "Epilogue", which is intended to serve as a true finale and conclusion to Batman Beyond and the DCAU as a whole, reveals that he is Terry's biological father, due to Waller's machinations, which he figured out sometime prior to the episode but chose not to tell Terry out of respect for his legal father, Warren. She came to admire and respect Batman over time after becoming a government liaison to the Justice League and seeing him save the day with his intelligence, tact and grit, despite their initially mutual hostility and thought a world without him and his skillset was unacceptable. She then created Project Batman Beyond to ensure he would have a successor, first by rewriting Warren McGinnis' DNA with a copy of Bruce's in the guise of a flu shot and then hired Bruce's former fiancée Andrea Beaumont a.k.a. Phantasm, to kill Terry's parents when he was 8 years old and under the same circumstances to trigger a trauma in the boy much like his biological father, though Beaumont out of respect for Bruce and his code did not go through with it leading to Waller shutting down the project, this allowed Mary McGinnis to give birth to another son and Terry's brother Matt, who is also Wayne's biological son. Though partially complete she would eventually succeed by fate's hands after Terry's father's murder compels him to become the new Dark Knight. While the revelation causes a brief strain in Bruce and Terry's relationship (though Terry's argument with Bruce and his breaking off of the Justice League were all imagination), they reconcile.
1970: Batman appears in three animated educational shorts as part of Sesame Street's first season. Olan Soule reprises his role of Batman
1972: The New Scooby-Doo Movies, produced by Hanna-Barbera; Batman and Robin appeared in episodes "The Dynamic Scooby-Doo Affair" (9/16/72) and "The Caped Crusader Caper" (12/16/72), where Olan Soule again portrays the Caped Crusader
2013–: Teen Titans Go!; Batman makes non-speaking cameo appearances in several episodes, including "La Larva de Amor", "Girl's Night Out", "Books", "Sidekick", "Slumber Party", "Thanksgiving" and "Real Boy Adventures". He is the protagonist of the "TV Knight" episodes, in which he and Commissioner Gordon (and sometimes other characters) just hang out and watch TV, while a different frame story takes place each time. Batman's only speaking role was in the season five episode "Real Orangins", in a flashback (animated in the style of Batman: The Animated Series) in which Robin explains in a comedic fashion how he and Batman parted ways; Kevin Conroy reprised his role.
2016–18: Justice League Action; Batman appears as one of the three lead characters in the show, with Kevin Conroy reprising his role. He has claws in his gloves in an attempt to look more slender than most other incarnations of the character. His child-self is voiced by Tara Strong.
2019: Unikitty!; The Lego Movie incarnation of Batman appears in the episode "BatKitty" with Will Arnett reprising his role.
2019: Scooby-Doo and Guess Who?; in the episode "What a Night, For a Dark Knight!" Batman teams up once again with Mystery Inc. to investigate Alfred's kidnapping by the Man-Bat. Kevin Conroy once again provided Batman's voice.
2019: Young Justice: Outsiders; A continuation of Young Justice, it focuses on the events that take place directly after Young Justice.
An animated series titled Batman: Caped Crusader was announced in May 2021, and the project is led by Bruce Timm, J. J. Abrams, and Matt Reeves. It is said to be a reimagining of the Caped Crusader that returns to the character's film noir roots and focus on the character's earlier years of fighting crime and also before he formed an alliance with Commissioner James Gordon and the GCPD. It will premiere on HBO Max and Cartoon Network.
A second Maggs production aired on BBC Radio 1 in 1994, this time adapting the comic book storyline Batman: Knightfall. It was adapted, produced and directed by Maggs—with music composed by Mark Russell—who had also made Superman: Doomsday & Beyond on BBC Radio 5. This show, however was not commissioned of its own, but rather to be three-minute episodes on the Mark Goodier Show. This meant it was written with a sense of immediacy; having to make an instant effect and each three-minute segment contains a major plot development or sound effect stunt and ends on a cliffhanger. DC acknowledged the effort in an issue Shadow of The Bat by having villains jump past a sign reading "Dirk Maggs Radio". Michael Gough reprised the role of Alfred Pennyworth from the Burton/Schumacher film series.
From 1943 to 1946, Batman and Robin appeared in a syndicated daily newspaper comic strip produced by the McClure Syndicate. Other versions appeared in 1953, 1966, and 1989. The original run is collected in the book Batman: The Dailies. One more comic strip series ran briefly after the success of the 1989 film.
Batman appears in a novel by cyberpunk/horror novelist John Shirley, titled Batman: Dead White from Del Rey. Many other novels and short story collections featuring Batman have been published over the years, including novelizations of each of the recent movies (such as Batman and The Dark Knight Rises) and many of the comic book arcs.
There are also several more scholarly works, aimed at either Batman's history or art, such as Les Daniels' Batman: The Complete History, Will Brooker'sBatman Unmasked: Analysing a Cultural Icon and compilations such as Batman: Cover to Cover: The Greatest Comic Book Covers of the Dark Knight. In 2004, The Batman Handbook: The Ultimate Training Manual, written by Scott Beatty was published by Quirk Books (ISBN1-59474-023-2). Written in the same style as The Worst-Case Scenario Survival Handbook series, the book explained the basics on how to be Batman. Amongst the skills included in the book are "How to Train a Sidekick", "How to Execute a Backflip", "How to Throw a Grappling Hook", and "How to Survive a Poison Gas Attack". Finally, there are of course countless sticker, coloring, activity, and other children's books featuring the Dark Knight.
Batman trong Hőtữ Thần by Nguyễn Th—Vietnamese comics
Several musical singles featuring cast members of the television show singing in-character were released in 1966: Burgess Meredith as the Penguin in "The Capture" and "The Escape", Frank Gorshin as the Riddler in "The Riddler", and Adam West as Batman in "Miranda". In 1976 West performed a pair of novelty songs, "The Story of Batman" and "Batman and Robin", for Target Records. All six of these recordings (sans the b-sides to Gorshin and West's singles) were later included on the 1997 compilation, Batmania: Songs Inspired by Batman TV Series.
In 1966, Burt Ward also recorded a limited "disc jokey only" release with Frank Zappa called "Boy Wonder, I Love You".
Also in 1966, British novelty group The Scaffold produced a single called "Goodbat Nightman" (lyrics by Roger McGough, who "has written several poems" about Batman and Robin).
Following the popularity of the Adam West television series, a pair of LPs were released in 1966 on MGM's "Leo the Lion" label. Each contained three dramatizations, including stories adapted from Batman comic books:
Batman: Gorilla City & Mystery of the Scarecrow Corpse
Batman (Collects Stacked Cards, The Scarecrow's Mirage, Challenge of the Catwoman, If Music Be the Food of Death)
Batman (Collects Robin Meets Man Bat, Gorilla City, Mystery of the Scarecrow Corpse, The Catwoman's Revenge)
A Super Hero Christmas (segment Batman: Christmas Carol Caper)
The 1980 mini-series, The Untold Legend of the Batman was available in a special "MPI Audio Edition." Each of the three issues were accompanied by an audio cassette containing a performance of the text of the issue, with musical cues.
As part of its DC Superheroes collection, in 1982 Fisher-Price released Batman: The Case of the Laughing Sphinx, an audio cassette accompanied by a hard back illustrated book.
Lego Dimensions (2015): Troy Baker reprises Batman in this multi-franchise game. The Lego Movie version also appears in this version voiced by Will Arnett. Batman is one of the three main heroes alongside The Lego Movie'sWyldstyle and Gandalf of Lord of the Rings as he works with them to rescue Robin from Lord Vortech. Additional content also includes an adaptation of The Lego Batman Movie.
The 8-bit Nintendo Entertainment System game Final Fantasy features "Badman", a character with strong resemblances to Batman, as one of the enemies of the final area.
The 2017 game Fortnite has Batman-themed cosmetics such as Catwoman and Batman outfits and a Gotham City location in the map. This was added in honour Of Batman's 80th anniversary.
Batman appears as a playable character in SINoALICE, voiced by Kōichi Yamadera.
Batman will appear as a playable character in MultiVersus, voiced by Kevin Conroy.
While a parody of a Batmanmusical was featured in one of the most recent series' comics, in 2002, Jim Steinman, David Ives, and Tim Burton had worked on a theatre production called Batman: The Musical although it was ultimately cancelled. Steinman has revealed five songs from the musical. The first is the opening theme for "Gotham City" and the entry of Batman with his tortured solo "The Graveyard Shift"; followed by "The Joker's Song (Where Does He Get All Those Wonderful Toys?)", "The Catwoman's Song (I Need All The Love I Can Get)", "We're Still The Children We Once Were" (the climactic sequence) and "In The Land Of The Pig The Butcher Is King", sung by the corrupt blood-suckers ruling Gotham, covered on the Meat Loaf album Bat Out of Hell III: The Monster Is Loose. These songs can be heard at the Batman: The Musical memorial site, Dark Knight of the Soul.
A Batman musical is also parodied in the animated series Batman Beyond. The episode "Out of the Past", (first aired October 21, 2000) opens with Bruce Wayne and Terry McGinnis attending a performance of (a fictional) Batman: The Musical, featuring caricatures of prominent members of the Rogues Gallery (the Joker, the Penguin, Two-Face, Catwoman, Poison Ivy, and Harley Quinn). Series creator Paul Dini, who wrote the episode in question, also wrote a song for the fictitious musical entitled Superstitious and Cowardly Lot.
An episode of the sketch comedy show MADtv also featured a Batman: The Musical parody called Batman V: Out of the Cave which starred Tommy Tune as Batman, and Ben Vereen as Robin.
A live stage show was also created, called Batman Live: World Tour. The show is a unique fusion of live action theatre, magic, stunts, digital projection and music from an 85-piece orchestra and choir. The tour began at Manchester, UK in Summer 2011 and visited arenas throughout the UK and Europe before arriving in North America in Summer 2012.
In 2012, the Internet theatre troupe StarKid Productions created a musical titled Holy Musical B@man!, which went on YouTube on April 13. It was performed in Chicago from March 16–25, and because of copyright laws, tickets were free. Batman is portrayed by Joseph (Joe) Walker.
The album Knightfall by multinational Swedish band Silent Images, is based on the Batman: Knightfall story arc, with Batman serving as a central character, the "Nightly Priest". The album explores the underlying sociopolitical themes in the Batman universe, and his struggle against "The Venomous One", which is the album's interpretation of Bane.
To celebrate the 75th anniversary of Batman, USPS released a limited edition stamp series on October 9, 2014. Four versions of the superhero were depicted from the four eras of comic book history: Golden, Silver, Bronze and Modern. In addition, it included four versions of the Bat-Signal.
^Game Informer features a two-page gallery of the many heroes and villains who appear in the game with a picture for each character and a descriptive paragraph. See "LEGO Batman: Character Gallery", Game Informer 186 (October 2008): 92.