Victorian Junior Football Association
SportAustralian rules football
Founded1883
Ceased1932
Replaced byVFA Second Eighteens
CountryAustralia
Most titlesYarraville (7)

The Victorian Junior Football Association (VJFA) was an open age Australian rules football competition and administrative body. It was the first successful junior football competition in Melbourne, and was in existence from 1883 until 1932. For most of its history it was a competition of independent junior level clubs, before it eventually transitioned to become the second eighteens competition for the senior Victorian Football Association.

History

During the 1870s in Victoria, junior football – which was the term used at the time for open age football of a lower standard than senior football, rather than for under age football – was mostly administered on an ad hoc basis. A couple of short-lived junior associations had been attempted, but none were successful until the Victorian Junior Football Association was established in April 1883.[1] Clubs represented at the inaugural meeting were Star of Carlton, South Yarra, South Park, Footscray, Brunswick, Emerald-hill, Albion, Richmond, Fortrose, Waverley and North Park.[2]

The VFJA, in addition to serving as an administrative body for junior football, ran the junior premiership. At its peak in the early 1890s when it was the only top junior football competition, more than twenty-five clubs competed,[3] and from 1892 until 1894 the competition ran in two divisions to manage its numbers. The establishment of other junior football competitions – including the Victorian Second-Rate (1890),[4] Third-Rate (1892)[5] and Fourth-Rate (1893)[6] Junior Football Associations and the Metropolitan Junior Football Association (1892) – saw numbers in the VJFA premiership decline rapidly through the 1890s, and by 1899 only seven clubs competed in the VJFA.[7] Eight to twelve teams typically contested the premiership thereafter.

At the 1895 VJFA AGM, the competition was reduced from 20 teams to 12 teams. Those who survived were Albert-park, Albion United, Austral, Brighton, Brunswick, Collingwood Juniors, Essendon District, Fitzroy Juniors, Hawthorn, Preston, Richmond City, and West Melbourne Juniors. Some of these clubs, including Camberwell, were later readmitted to the competition.[8]

The competition typically featured smaller clubs from districts already represented in senior football, or the top clubs from other districts. Four successful VJFA clubs from growing districts – West Melbourne, Preston, Northcote and Yarraville – ultimately went on to play senior football in the Victorian Football Association. In 1905, John Wren donated a silver shield to serve as a semi-perpetual trophy for the VJFA premiers; like many trophies of the era, it was held temporarily by the reigning premiers, then won permanently by the first team to win it three times. A total of five Wren Shields were awarded during the trophy's history.[9]

Strong rivalries resulted in some rough and controversial finals. Two notable finals were played out between Yarraville and Port Melbourne Railway United in the early 1910s. In 1910, with Railway leading by ten points in the final quarter, the primary ball (provided by Yarraville) burst, and was found to have been stabbed with a pen-knife by a spectator; the back-up ball (provided by Railway) could not be inflated because the pump could not be found – and Yarraville lodged a protest, which was quickly dismissed, arguing that it should be awarded the game by virtue of Railway not having provided a ready-to-use ball.[10] Yarraville won the replay, but Railway won a challenge final which was condemned for its violence.[11] Then in 1912, Railway originally won the final by three points, but Yarraville successfully protested one of Railway's second quarter goals on the grounds of goal umpire error, and the match was reversed to a three-point Yarraville victory;[12] as minor premier, Railway still had the right to challenge for the premiership, but refused as its own act of protest, forfeiting the premiership to Yarraville and almost being kicked out the association as a result.[13]

The VJFA eventually transitioned to become the VFA Second Eighteens during the 1920s. This began in 1924, when the competition expanded from twelve teams to eighteen in two divisions – one division set aside for clubs who played on the same grounds as their senior VFA counterparts, and one for clubs with their own grounds. All Melbourne-based senior VFA clubs were required to affiliate with a junior team in the VJFA, and an agreement was put in place to lift some restrictions on in-season player movements between the senior or junior clubs, making the affiliated junior clubs functionally closer to seconds teams.[14][15] In 1926, after the 1924 player transfer agreement ended, the VFA moved to convert its affiliated junior clubs into genuine second eighteens controlled by the senior clubs;[16] and, starting from 1928, all other clubs were excluded and the VFJA served wholly as a VFA seconds competition, with free player interchanges between senior and junior level permitted until 1 August each year.[17]

The VFJA can be considered to have ceased to exist, replaced by the VFA Second Eighteens, starting from the 1928 season; however, the VJFA name and the Wren Shield as a premiership trophy were both retained until the end of 1932. It was only at this point that competition was formally renamed the VFA Second Eighteens and the Wren Shield was discontinued.[18][19] The VFA Second Eighteens and its successors, continued to operate until the end of the 2017 season.

Premierships

The premiers of the VJFA from 1883 until the discontinuation of the Wren Shield in 1932 are given below. Premierships between 1928 and 1932 are included, but overlap with the commonly recognised VFA seconds premierships.

Wren Shield permanent winners

Clubs

Over 100 clubs are believed to have competed in the 49 years it existed.[66] This list excludes those who are believed to have only lasted a season, played very few games and/or have little information about them known.[67]

Club Colours Moniker Est. First season Last season Total seniors premierships Years of seniors premierships
Albert-park
Parkites 1867 1883 2 1896, 1897
Albion United 1883 1883 1890s 0
Austral 1890s 1890s 0
Brighton
1885 1889 1895 0
Brunswick seconds
Brickfielders 1865 1883 1932 2 1931, 1932
Camberwell
Tricolours 1886 1888 [a] 0
Coburg seconds
1891 1925 1932 3 1928, 1929, 1930
Collingwood Juniors
Magpies 1893 1893 1905 0
Essendon District
Dons 1890s 1900s 0
Fitzroy Juniors
Maroons 1883 1892 2 1894, 1911
Footscray Juniors
Bulldogs 1877 1883 1924 2 1907, 1915, 1918
Hawthorn (original)
1893 1893 1898 0
Hawthorn
Mayblooms 1902 1900s 1924 0
Kew
Bears 1876 1889 1895 0
Kingsville 1900s 1932 1 1927
Marylebone 1883 1883 1890s 1 1891
Melbourne Juniors
Redlegs 1858 1885 1924 1 1922
Napier Imperial 1880s 1895 1 1893
North Melbourne Juniors
Shinboners 1858 1890s 1 1899
North Park 1883 1883 5 1886, 1887, 1888, 1889, 1890
North Williamstown
1 1892
Northcote
Cotes 1869 1880s 1907 2 1904, 1906
Port Melbourne Railway United
1900s 1900s 3 1910, 1913, 1914
Preston
Tonners 1882 1890 1932 5 1900, 1901, 1902, 1921, 1923
Richmond City
Richmondites 1880s 1883 1901 0
Richmond Juniors
Tigers 1902 1902 1920s 0
Rose of Northcote
1904 1904 1908 0
South Melbourne Juniors
Southerers 1880 1890s 1925 2 1903, 1924
Star of Carlton
1875 1883 1907 1 1884
University A
Blacks 1859 1919 1920 0
Waverley
1883 1883 1 1883
West Melbourne
Westeners 1874 1880s c. 1908 1 1898
West Richmond
Richmondites 1901 0
Williamstown Juniors
Seagulls, Town 1864 1885 1932 4 1885, 1016, 1917, 1919
Yarraville
Eagles 1903 1903 1932 7 1905, 1908, 1909, 1912, 1920, 1925, 1926

Notes

  1. ^ One of 8 clubs not readmitted in 1895, but later returned to the VJFA in 1913.

References

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