Docklands Stadium
Marvel Stadium
Map
Former names
  • Colonial Stadium (2000–2002)
  • Telstra Dome (2002–2009)
  • Etihad Stadium (2009–2018)
LocationHarbour Esplanade, Docklands, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
Coordinates37°48′59″S 144°56′51″E / 37.81639°S 144.94750°E / -37.81639; 144.94750
OwnerAustralian Football League
OperatorAustralian Football League (2020–present)
Melbourne Stadiums Limited (2000–2020)
Capacity56,347 (venue capacity)
53,343 (seating capacity)
47,000 (cricket[1][2] and rectangular mode)[3]
Record attendance76,150
(Adele, March 2017)
Field size160 m × 129 m (525 ft × 423 ft)[4]
SurfaceGrass
Construction
Broke groundOctober 1997
Opened9 March 2000
Construction costA$460 million
ArchitectPopulous in association with Daryl Jackson
General contractorBaulderstone Hornibrook
Tenants
Australian Football League

Essendon Football Club (2000–present)
St Kilda Football Club (2000–present)
Western Bulldogs (2000–present)
North Melbourne Football Club (2000–present)
Carlton Football Club (2005–present)

Cricket

Melbourne Renegades (BBL; 2011–present)

Other
Melbourne Storm (NRL; 2001, Finals 2006–09, 2010, 2023)
Melbourne Victory (A-League Men; 2006–2021)
Australia men's national soccer team (selected matches)
Australia women's national soccer team (selected matches)
Australia national rugby union team (selected matches)
Australia national rugby league team (selected matches)
Website
marvelstadium.com.au
Ground information
End names
Lockett End
Coventry End
International information
First ODI16 August 2000:
 Australia v  South Africa
Last ODI3 February 2006:
 Australia v  South Africa
As of 22 August 2015
Source: ESPNcricinfo

Docklands Stadium, known by naming rights sponsorship as Marvel Stadium, is a multi-purpose sports and entertainment stadium in the suburb of Docklands in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Construction started in October 1997 and was completed in 2000 at a cost of A$460 million ($930 million in 2023 terms[5]). The stadium features a retractable roof and the ground level seating can be converted from oval to rectangular configuration.[6]

The stadium is primarily used for Australian rules football and was originally built as a replacement for Waverley Park.[6] Offices at the precinct serve as the headquarters of the Australian Football League (AFL) which, since October 2016, has had exclusive ownership of the venue.[7] With a capacity for over 53,000 spectators for sports, it is the second-largest stadium in Melbourne after the Melbourne Cricket Ground. It has hosted a number of other sporting events—including domestic Twenty20 cricket matches, Melbourne Victory soccer home matches, rugby league and rugby union matches, as well as special events and concerts. The precinct is headquarters for the Seven Network's digital broadcast centre and an NAB branch.

History

Construction

Docklands Stadium under construction in December 1998

Plans for the stadium were announced in October 1996 as a more centrally located replacement for the much larger but ageing Waverley Park as a headquarters for the Australian Football League.[8] It was built in the Melbourne Docklands to the immediate west of the CBD, a central but largely deserted industrial area which had just begun its own urban renewal project. Construction of the stadium by Baulderstone began in October 1997 under the working name "Victoria Stadium",[9] and was completed ahead of the 2000 AFL season. The stadium was originally developed by the Docklands Stadium Consortium and thereafter controlled by the Seven Network. The remaining leasehold interest in the stadium was sold to James Fielding Funds Management in June 2006 for A$330 million.[10]

The stadium, like Waverley Park, was built primarily for Australian rules football, unlike most grounds of a similar size in Australia which were originally designed for cricket then later developed for football. It was the first Australian rules football stadium built with a retractable roof, which throughout its history has usually been closed for night matches and for wet weather day matches, and sometimes for dry weather day matches. It was the first stadium in Australia to have movable seating. All four level-one tiers of the stadium can be moved up to 18 metres forward into a rectangular configuration. Despite this being a key feature of the stadium design, it has rarely been used, due to damage to turf, time to deploy the seats, and a reduced capacity, since the corner bays of the stadium become unavailable in rectangular configuration.

Development

Construction was finished only weeks before the first match, and some scheduled pre-season matches were relocated as a result.[11] The first match to be played at the ground was between Essendon and Port Adelaide, before a crowd of 43,012, on 9 March 2000. Essendon won the match by 94 points, and Michael Long kicked the first goal at the ground.[12][6] The game was to have been played under the closed roof, but due to technical issues it remained open. Six days later, Barbra Streisand staged the venue's first concert.[13] The stadium's third football game, between Western Bulldogs and Brisbane Lions on 19 March, was the first to be played under the roof.[11] On 16 August 2000, the world's first indoor One Day International was held at the venue between Australia and South Africa. The first game played in the rectangular configuration was a Melbourne Storm game in July 2001. The first Soccer match played was in Round 5 2001 of the National Soccer League between South Melbourne FC and Melbourne Knights FC.[14]

From the beginning, the stadium's playing surface was criticised for its slipperiness, hardness and lack of grass coverage, and the increased risk of injury that this causes to players.[15] Maintaining surface quality remains one of the stadium's biggest challenges.[16] The stadium's orientation and highly built-up grandstands mean that the Northern end of the stadium in particular receives only 6 weeks of sunlight a year. Concerts held at the stadium are also usually placed at the Southern end due to the ability for grass to recover more quickly.[17] The entire surface undergoes regular, expensive replacement during the season with turf grown externally, under contract by HG Turf, whereas the responsibility of laying and managing the turf lies with Docklands Stadium management.[18] Since 2007, elaborate heating and lighting to better allow grass to be grown and managed within the stadium have been in use.[17]

The venue was damaged by a thunderstorm in March 2010 during the 2010 Victorian storms. The external roof at Gate 2 caved in, causing damage and flooding inside the entertainment area. That evening's pre-season match between St Kilda and Fremantle was delayed due to WorkSafe inspections, but it still went ahead before a small crowd of 5,000.[19]

Marvel Stadium pictured from above (February 2019)

In 2015, LED electronic advertising was added around the perimeter of the ground on level 1 and 2, as well as a strip synthetic turf around the edge of the fence, outside the boundary line. The synthetic strip was narrowed after Brisbane Lions player Michael Close suffered a season ending ACL injury on the uneven surface during a game in 2015.[20][21]

The stadium became unpopular with many of its tenant clubs, especially St Kilda, North Melbourne and Western Bulldogs, as high operating costs and the high proportion of gate revenues which were paid back to the stadium meant that clubs earned much lower returns for a game at Docklands than they would have earned from the same attendance at the Melbourne Cricket Ground. At least 20,000 spectators were usually required to break even on a game.[22] Those three clubs all received compensation payments from the AFL to balance the weak deals,[23] and sold occasional home matches to small interstate or international venues for greater financial returns than they could earn at Docklands.[24] However, even after the AFL assumed full ownership of Docklands Stadium, clubs continue to make more money playing home matches at the MCG compared to Docklands Stadium; this has led to a push from tenant clubs Carlton, Essendon and St Kilda to play more home games at the MCG from 2026 onwards.[25]

The stadium and broader precinct underwent a $225 million redevelopment, funded by the AFL and Victorian Government, between 2021 and 2024.[26][27][28] This included two new video screens, which hang underneath the stadium's roof and were installed behind the goal at each end of the stadium ahead of the 2022 AFL season.[27] The rest of the redevelopment upgraded stadium infrastructure, connected the precinct to the Melbourne CBD and opened up access to the Docklands waterfront.[28][29] The redevelopment was completed in March 2024.[30]

Ownership

Under the terms of the agreement governing construction and operation of the venue, in 2025 the AFL was to win ownership of the stadium for a nominal $30 fee;[31] but the AFL Commission opted to purchase exclusive ownership of the stadium earlier than this, in October 2016, for approximately $200 million.[7] This purchase left the stadium's tenant AFL clubs millions of dollars better off, as they and the AFL arranged more favourable tenancy agreements.[24] The stadium was eventually integrated into the AFL structure several years later, ending the independent management of the venue by Melbourne Stadiums Limited.[29]

The purchase also soon proved critically important to the AFL's finances during the COVID-19 pandemic, when it was able to leverage its ownership of the stadium in obtaining a $500–600 million line of credit to cover cash flow shortages when the 2020 AFL season was suspended.[32]

Naming rights history

Docklands Stadium being renamed from Etihad Stadium to Marvel Stadium

The stadium has never operated under the name 'Docklands Stadium', having been covered by naming rights deals throughout its entire operating history. When it opened, the Colonial State Bank paid $32.5 million for 10 years of naming rights, and the stadium opened as Colonial Stadium.[33] The same year, Commonwealth Bank took over the Colonial State Bank and began to discontinue the brand. Commonwealth then sold the balance of the naming rights contract to Telstra for about $50 million, and the stadium's name was changed to Telstra Dome in October 2002. During this time it was colloquially referred to as "The Dome" – a colloquialism used actively by clubs which were sponsored by rival telecommunications companies (such as Essendon with 3 and Carlton with Optus).

In March 2009, the naming rights transferred to Etihad Airways.[34] The venue became known as Etihad Stadium under a five-year deal, which was later extended to ten years, at a cost estimated at between $5–$8 million per year.[35][36] This once again caused problems, as the AFL would not initially recognise the new name due to its deal with rival airline Qantas.[37] The league recognised the new name only after further negotiation between the two parties.

In September 2018, the stadium was renamed Marvel Stadium after the stadium operators negotiated an eight-year deal with the Walt Disney Company, the parent company of Marvel Entertainment, to change the naming rights and install a Marvel retail store at the venue.[38]

Stadium features

The ends of the ground, where the AFL goal posts are located, are named after the two leading goalkickers in VFL/AFL history: the northern end is the Lockett End, after Tony Lockett; and the southern end is the Coventry End, after Gordon Coventry. Some clubs informally use alternative names during their home games in place of those to honour their own histories.[41]

Use

Australian rules football

Docklands Stadium prior to an AFL match in May 2024

As of 2024, five AFL teams have deals in place to play home games at Docklands Stadium:[42]

All Victorian-based AFL teams, including those not listed here, have played some home games at the ground during its history, owing to a contractual requirement between the AFL and the stadium's original owners to stage at least 46 AFL matches per year until 2013, and 40 matches per year thereafter. Geelong and Collingwood both had deals to play around four home matches per year during the 2000s,[11] with the latter playing two home games per year at the ground since 2014. Most other clubs still play one or two home matches there per year to make up the numbers; for example, Richmond have played one home game per year at the ground since 2011.

In 2020, to mark 20 years of AFL football at the ground, the AFL named the 20 biggest moments and stories involving games played at the stadium in a video.[44] The top 5 were as follows:

  1. Jason McCartney's AFL return after nearly dying in the 2002 Bali bombings – North Melbourne vs Richmond, Round 11 (6 June), 2003
  2. Lance Franklin completing a 100-goal season in 2008 – Hawthorn vs Carlton, Round 22 (30 August), 2008
  3. Wayne Carey's return to face North Melbourne after his extramarital scandal involving former teammate Anthony Stevens – North Melbourne vs Adelaide, Round 6 (2 May), 2003
  4. James Hird leading a final-quarter comeback with 15 touches and the winning goal – Essendon vs West Coast, Round 3 (10 April), 2004
  5. St Kilda and Geelong facing off after both clubs started the 2009 season 13–0, the latest meeting of unbeaten teams in a season – St Kilda vs Geelong, Round 14 (5 July), 2009

Cricket

The venue's major summer tenant is Big Bash League side Melbourne Renegades, which has played its home games at the Docklands Stadium since the league's inception in 2011/12. A drop-in pitch is used to facilitate cricket at the venue. At the end of the 2016/17 Big Bash, the stadium was rated the most entertaining venue for T20 cricket in Australia.[45]

In 2016, Chris Gayle of the Renegades and the West Indies tied the record for the fastest T20 half century (12 balls) during the last round of BBL 5 at the ground against the Adelaide Strikers.[46]

Although rare, multiple players have hit the roof during a game, which is 38 metres (125 feet) above the playing surface.[47] For example, in 2018, Perth Scorchers batsman Ashton Turner hit a Dan Christian delivery into the roof; under the BBL rules, such a hit is considered to be six runs, with the ball being considered dead and unable to be caught for the purpose of getting the batsman out.[48]

Soccer

The first time it was used for Soccer was in 2001 between South Melbourne and Melbourne Knights in the NSL. A-League team Melbourne Victory played home matches at the stadium between 2006–07 and 2020–21. Originally, the plan was that the stadium would only be used for games against its biggest rivals, Sydney FC, in the 2006–07 A-League; but after the success of that game, the club shifted permanently from Olympic Park Stadium to Docklands from the 2006–07 season until the 2009–10 season. This gave the stadium its first major summer tenant. After the opening of the Melbourne Rectangular Stadium in 2010, the club played only high-drawing games and finals at Docklands, with all other games being played at the new stadium; and as of the 2022–23 season, Victory ceased playing home matches at the stadium.[49]

The Stadium hosted the 2024 A-Leagues All Stars Games on 24 May 2024, as part of Global Football Week Melbourne. The two games saw the A-Leagues All Stars Men defeat Newcastle United 8-0, and Arsenal W.F.C. defeat the A-Leagues All Stars Women 1-0.

Rugby league

In the 2001 National Rugby League season, the stadium was the permanent home ground for the Melbourne Storm, but this deal lasted only one year. The club occasionally hosted high-drawing home games and finals at Docklands after that, including their first three home games of the 2010 NRL season while awaiting the completion of their then new home ground AAMI Park. In 2023, the Storm returned to play two games at the ground, while AAMI Park was unavailable in July–August due to the 2023 FIFA Women's World Cup.[50]

Docklands has also hosted interstate and international rugby league games. As Telstra Dome, Docklands hosted its first State of Origin game in 2006 as it hosted the deciding third game. New South Wales arrived looking for a win that would secure their fourth consecutive Origin victory and led 14–4 with 10 minutes to go, but Queensland scored two converted tries in the space of five minutes – first Brent Tate's long-range try after a line break from Johnathan Thurston and then Darren Lockyer intercepting a Brett Hodgson pass inside New South Wales' own half – to win 16–14 for the first of an eventual 8 consecutive Queensland victories.

As Etihad Stadium, the stadium also hosted Origin games in 2009 and 2012. The 2012 match attracted 56,021, a new record for rugby league at the stadium.[51]

Other sports

The stadium has been converted to host several other sporting events. In its early years, the stadium was used for off-season one day international cricket matches, but has also held some summer matches, particularly in 2006 when the Melbourne Cricket Ground was unavailable due to preparations for the 2006 Commonwealth Games. The venue has also hosted international rugby union – including being Melbourne's venue during the 2003 Rugby World Cup – although the Melbourne Rectangular Stadium now hosts most such games. The venue has hosted international basketball,[52] Rugby 7s at the 2006 Commonwealth Games,[39] a 2002 non-televised WWE[53][54] live event[55][56] as part of the WWE Global Warning Tour: Melbourne, the 2015 UFC 193[57] in front of a then-record UFC attendance of 56,214 fans,[58] a motorcycle speedway event (when it played host to the 2015 Speedway Grand Prix of Australia on a 346 metres (378 yards) long temporary track), and a controversial international darts event in 2015 in which spectators seated on the arena started throwing chairs and furniture.[59]

Non-sports events

Docklands Stadium being used for a RMIT University graduation ceremony in 2022

Outside of sporting events, the stadium hosts special events and concerts. In November 2023, the stadium was the first in Australia to hold a K-pop concert and the first in Australia to be headlined by a female group, when Twice held their Ready to Be World Tour concert at the stadium.[60]

RMIT University uses the stadium as the site for its graduation ceremonies annually.

Records

Attendance

A 2008 AFL match at Docklands Stadium
Record setting attendance at the 23 May 2012 State of Origin match between Queensland Maroons and the New South Wales Blues
Sport Date Crowd Event
UFC 6 October 2019 57,127 UFC 243
Rugby union 29 June 2013 56,771 2013 British & Irish Lions tour to Australia: Australia vs British & Irish Lions
WWE 10 August 2002 56,734 WWE Global Warning Tour: Melbourne
State of Origin 23 May 2012 56,021 2012 State of Origin Game I: Queensland vs New South Wales
A-League 18 February 2007 55,436 2007 A-League Grand Final: Melbourne Victory vs Adelaide United
AFL 5 July 2009 54,444 2009 AFL season: St Kilda vs Geelong
International Football (Womens) 28 February 2024 54,120 2024 Olympics Qualification Playoff 2nd Leg: Australia vs Uzbekistan
International Football (Mens) 6 February 2008 50,969 2010 World Cup Qualification Third Round: Australia vs Qatar
International Rules 28 October 2005 45,428 2005 International Rules Series 2nd Test: Australia vs Ireland
Big Bash League 12 January 2018 44,316 2017–18 Big Bash League Round 7: Melbourne Renegades vs Melbourne Stars
Boxing 5 June 2022 41,129 George Kambosos Jr. vs. Devin Haney
One Day International 38,364 Commonwealth Bank Series
NRL 23 September 2007 33,427 2007 NRL Preliminary Final: Melbourne Storm vs Parramatta Eels

AFL records

Players

Teams

Last updated 28 August 2023.[61]

International cricket

The following table summarises the ODI centuries scored at Docklands.

No. Score Player Team Balls Inns. Opposing team Date Result
1 106 Michael Bevan  Australia 125 1  South Africa 16 August 2000 Won
2 114* Steve Waugh  Australia 103 1  South Africa 16 August 2000 Won
3 103 Adam Gilchrist  Australia 79 1 ICC World XI 7 October 2005 Won

Concerts

Date Performer(s) Attendance Event
15 & 17 March 2000 Barbra Streisand 70,000 Timeless Tour
1 December 2002 Red Hot Chili Peppers 21,729 By The Way Tour
28 February 2003 KISS 33,000 Recording of Kiss Symphony: Alive IV
20 March 2003 Bruce Springsteen & the E Street Band Rising Tour
10 December 2003 Robbie Williams 57,027 2003 Tour
17 December 2005 Green Day 8,439 American Idiot World Tour
18 & 19 November 2006 U2 127,275 Vertigo Tour
17 & 18 December 2006 Robbie Williams 125,274 Close Encounters Tour
13–15 November 2008 André Rieu 38,605 Stadium tour with the Johann Strauss Orchestra
20 November 2009 Pearl Jam 45,000 Backspacer Tour
3 March 2010 George Michael 47,000 George Michael Live in Australia
11,13 & 15 February 2010 AC/DC 181,495 Black Ice World Tour
1 & 3 December 2010 U2 105,312 U2 360° Tour
11 December 2010 Bon Jovi/Kid Rock 54,414 Circle Tour
31 December 2010 Armin van Buuren 15,000 Armin Only Mirage
1 December 2011 Eminem 61,405 Recovery Tour
13 November 2012 Coldplay 63,378 Mylo Xyloto Tour
5 January 2013 Mariah Carey 46,500 One-off performance
5 & 6 March 2013 KISS/Mötley Crüe Monster Tour
7 & 8 December 2013 Bon Jovi 91,505 Because We Can: The Tour
14 December 2013 Taylor Swift 47,257 Red Tour
19 February 2014 Eminem 59,675 Rapture Tour
18 & 19 September 2014 Justin Timberlake 41,777 20/20 Experience World Tour
14 & 15 February 2015 One Direction 59,253 On the Road Again Tour
28 February 2015 Foo Fighters 56,981 Sonic Highways World Tour
6 & 8 December 2015 AC/DC 100,000 Rock or Bust World Tour
12, 13 & 14 February 2016 Royal Edinburgh Military Tattoo 152,673 One-off performance
9 & 10 December 2016 Coldplay 109,492 A Head Full of Dreams Tour
10 March 2017 Justin Bieber 54,821 Purpose World Tour
18 & 19 March 2017 Adele 152,300 Adele Live 2017
30 January 2018 Foo Fighters Concrete and Gold Tour
9, 10, 11 & 12 March 2018 Ed Sheeran 256,622 ÷ Tour
26 October 2018 Taylor Swift 63,027 Reputation Stadium Tour
10 November 2018 Usher 51,104 RNB Fridays Live
9 November 2019 Janet Jackson 23,205
15 November 2019 U2 59,726 Joshua Tree Tour 2019
7 & 9 February 2023 Red Hot Chili Peppers 104,535 Red Hot Chili Peppers 2022 Global Stadium Tour
24 & 25 February 2023 Harry Styles 114,829 Love on Tour
21 October 2023 Paul McCartney 52,000 Got Back Tour
4 November 2023 TWICE Ready to Be World Tour
14 November 2023 Def Leppard and Mötley Crüe World Tour
23 & 24 February, 12 & 13 March 2024 Pink 228,000 Summer Carnival tour
30 & 31 October, 2 & 3 November 2024 Coldplay Music of the Spheres World Tour

Transport access

Docklands Stadium is serviced primarily by trains at Southern Cross Station, which is located on the City Loop and is serviced by most major metropolitan and country train and coach lines. The stadium is located on a public pedestrian concourse adjoining the northern end of the station.

The stadium is serviced by several tram routes:

The stadium has a 500-vehicle carpark underneath the field, which is accessible by the public for event days.

In popular culture

The venue appeared in the 2007 film Ghost Rider. Its name, wherever visible, was digitally changed to the SoBe Dome. It can be seen in the video for Jessica Mauboy's single "Running Back", as well as some television shows, such as the Seven Network's City Homicide and Network Ten's Rush.

References

  1. ^ "No place like a home BBL final for Renegades". The Age. 31 January 2019. Retrieved 16 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Etihad Stadium ready for BBL record crowd". SBS. 7 January 2016. Retrieved 7 January 2016.
  3. ^ Windley, Matt. "Etihad Stadium expected to be at a capacity 47,000 for Saturday's Melbourne derby". Herald Sun. Retrieved 2 March 2016.
  4. ^ Atkinson, Cody; Lawson, Sean (15 June 2022). "From the SCG to Kardinia Park — do ground sizes contribute to the end result in AFL games?". ABC News. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 19 February 2024.
  5. ^ "$460,000,000 in 1997 → 2023 | Australia Inflation Calculator". www.in2013dollars.com. Retrieved 18 April 2023.
  6. ^ a b c "Marvel Stadium". Retrieved 22 April 2022.
  7. ^ a b "Done deal: AFL signs off on Etihad Stadium purchase". Australian Football League. 7 October 2016. Archived from the original on 7 October 2016.
  8. ^ "Victorian Venues". Australian Football League. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. Retrieved 8 May 2009.
  9. ^ Linnell, Stephen; Green, Shane (31 October 1996). "City to get $200m high-tech stadium". The Age. Melbourne. Archived from the original on 18 June 2005. Retrieved 1 March 2009.
  10. ^ "Seven sells Telstra Dome stake". 21 July 2006.
  11. ^ a b c d e f "2000 Review". Footy Stats. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  12. ^ "Essendon v Port Adelaide". AFL Tables. 9 March 2000. Retrieved 27 October 2015.
  13. ^ Morris, Tom (9 March 2020). "'We're in trouble': 20 years ago on a hot chaotic night, the AFL changed forever at 'Colonial Stadium'". Herald Sun. Melbourne, VIC. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  14. ^ "Soccer joins rush to Colonial". Melbourne Knights FC. 7 February 2001. Retrieved 15 July 2022.
  15. ^ "Dried out grounds bring hard times". The University of Melbourne Voice. 30 April 2007. Archived from the original on 29 August 2007.
  16. ^ "Surface Tension ends at Telstra Dome". Austadiums.com. 24 June 2007.
  17. ^ a b Edmund, Sam (15 August 2007). "Turf's up at the Dome". Herald Sun.
  18. ^ "Turf Experiment for Dome". Australian Football Association of North America. 27 August 2006.
  19. ^ "Storm brings chaos to Melbourne". The Age. 7 March 2010. Retrieved 20 January 2014.
  20. ^ Wilson, Caroline (14 April 2015). "Etihad Stadium, AFL face compensation claims over artificial turf". The Age. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
  21. ^ Phelan, Jason (17 May 2015). "Etihad Stadium surface 'quite dangerous' says Ross Lyon after win over Dogs". AFL.com. Australian Football League. Retrieved 13 June 2015.
  22. ^ "AFL Stadium deals". Sports Industry AU. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  23. ^ Bowen, Nick (18 March 2015). "'The worst stadium deal in the history of world sport': Brayshaw slams Etihad". Australian Football League. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  24. ^ a b Ralph, Jon (4 March 2018). "Etihad Stadium clubs could reap millions of dollars in new gate receipts deals". Herald Sun. Melbourne, VIC. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  25. ^ Niall, Jake (24 May 2024). "Grounds for complaint: Why Dons, Blues and Saints want fewer Marvel games". The Age. Retrieved 26 May 2024.
  26. ^ "$225m Marvel Stadium redevelopment plans revealed". Austadiums. 20 November 2020.
  27. ^ a b "New Marvel Stadium video screens to be in place for AFL season". Austadiums. 1 March 2022.
  28. ^ a b "Etihad Stadium set for major upgrade in Andrews government cash splash". The Age. 12 April 2018.
  29. ^ a b "Management of Marvel Stadium integrated into AFL as part of restructure". Austadiums. 25 August 2020.
  30. ^ "Marvel Stadium redevelopment officially opens". Austadiums. 23 March 2024.
  31. ^ "AFL will fight Docklands all the way: Demetriou". ABC News. 25 June 2009.
  32. ^ Landsberger, Sam (30 March 2020). "$600m lifeline via Marvel Stadium saves AFL but where will they play?". The Australian. Melbourne, VIC. Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  33. ^ "International Naming Rights". SportsBusiness Daily. 19 February 2001.
  34. ^ "ETIHAD: New Naming Rights Partner". 23 October 2008. Archived from the original on 14 February 2009. Retrieved 23 October 2008.
  35. ^ "Naming Rights Partner - About Us - Etihad Stadium - Major Sporting & Entertainment Events Venue". Archived from the original on 16 February 2016. Retrieved 17 February 2016.
  36. ^ Dunn, Mark (10 June 2009). "Naming lights sponsor at MCG?". Retrieved 9 June 2009.
  37. ^ Ralph, Jon (25 February 2009). "AFL refuses to acknowledge Etihad Stadium". The Courier-Mail. Retrieved 25 February 2008.
  38. ^ "Marvel-lous idea? Etihad Stadium renamed after Walt Disney deal". The Guardian. 24 May 2018.
  39. ^ a b "2006 Commonwealth Games venues – Docklands Stadium". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 28 February 2006. Retrieved 11 June 2008.
  40. ^ "Covid-Safe Plan". Marvel Stadium Website. Melbourne Stadium Limited. Retrieved 29 February 2024.
  41. ^ "A - Z Fan Guide - westernbulldogs.com.au". Archived from the original on 26 March 2014. Retrieved 19 April 2014.
  42. ^ "Tenant Clubs". Etihad Stadium. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
  43. ^ Edmund, Sam (18 September 2014). "Carlton will play six home games at the MCG in 2015 despite campaign for more". Herald Sun. Melbourne, VIC. Retrieved 31 October 2014.
  44. ^ "Twenty years at Docklands: The 20 most memorable moments and biggest stories". YouTube. Australian Football League. 8 March 2020. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  45. ^ Stead, Chris (15 December 2017). "Big Bash T20 Statistics – Most entertaining BBL teams, stadiums and games revealed". Finder.com.au. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
  46. ^ "Chris Gayle blasts 12-ball fifty". ESPN CricInfo. ESPN Sports Media. 18 January 2016. Retrieved 18 January 2016.
  47. ^ "Marvel Stadium | Western Bulldogs". westernbulldogs.com.au. Retrieved 10 February 2023.
  48. ^ Turner handed six runs after hitting roof, 20 December 2018, retrieved 10 February 2023
  49. ^ "Victory returns to spiritual home". Melbourne Victory. 13 July 2021. Retrieved 13 July 2021.
  50. ^ Pryde, Scott (28 September 2022). "Storm confirm replacement venue for FIFA World Cup period". Zero Tackle. Retrieved 3 October 2022.
  51. ^ Dollin, Shawn; Ferguson, Andrew; Bates, Bill. "Docklands". Rugby League Project. Retrieved 6 July 2013.
  52. ^ "USA vs. Australia Men's National Team August 24 Exhibition Game Sold Out" (Press release). USA Basketball. 15 November 2018. Archived from the original on 16 November 2018. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  53. ^ "Wrestling Observer - headlines". Archived from the original on 5 November 2002.
  54. ^ "WON/F4W - WWE news, Pro Wrestling News, WWE Results, UFC News, UFC results".
  55. ^ "WWE Brings 'Global Warning Tour' to Australia". WWE Corporate. Archived from the original on 20 May 2015.
  56. ^ "World Wrestling Entertainment's Global Warning Tour Sets Attendance Record in Australia". WWE Corporate. Archived from the original on 20 May 2015.
  57. ^ "UFC193". UFC. Retrieved 5 October 2015.
  58. ^ "UFC Sets All-Time Attendance Record in Melbourne". 15 November 2015. Retrieved 17 November 2015.
  59. ^ Aubrey, Sophie (11 January 2015). "Chairs fly in chaos at darts tournament at Etihad Stadium". Retrieved 1 April 2020.
  60. ^ Brandle, Lars (29 August 2023). "TWICE Set to Make History With Australian Stadium Show". Billboard. Retrieved 29 August 2023.
  61. ^ "AFL Tables - Docklands". AFL Tables. Retrieved 12 December 2011.