World Club Challenge
Competition logo
SportRugby league
Instituted1976; 46 years ago (1976)
Inaugural season1976
Number of teams2
NationsCurrent:
 Australia
 England
 France
 New Zealand
 Wales
Historical:
 Canada[a]
Holders
Eastern Suburbs colours.svg
Sydney Roosters (5th title) (2020)
Most titles
Eastern Suburbs colours.svg
Sydney Roosters (5 titles)
Broadcast partnerAustralia Nine Network
New Zealand Sky Sport
United Kingdom / Republic of Ireland Sky Sports
Related competitionNational Rugby League
Super League
World Club Series

The World Club Challenge is an annual rugby league competition between the winners of the Australian National Rugby League (NRL) and the European Super League. The first such match was played in 1976 but did not become a regular fixture until the late 1980s. It was also punctuated in the 1990s by the Super League war but has been held every year since 2000. The Sydney Roosters are the current champions, defeating St Helens 20–12 in 2020.

Between 2015 and 2017, the World Club Challenge became the championship match for the 3 game, World Club Series. Two further exhibition matches were played prior to the main game.

As the World Club Challenge in its current form is a match between the winners of the NRL and Super League competitions, it is currently possible for teams from five countries to qualify: New Zealand, France, Wales, England, and Australia. As of the completion of the 2020 edition of the event, only English and Australian sides have competed so far.

History

1976–1999: Origin and development

The competition began unofficially in 1976 as a match between Sydney's Eastern Suburbs and Premiership winners St. Helens. This inaugural clash was proposed as merely a 'one-off' game, and was played at the Sydney Cricket Ground on June 29, in the midst of the 1976 NSWRFL season.[1]

While some considered it an unnecessary disruption to both teams' campaigns in their respective domestic competitions, a healthy crowd of 26,856 turned out for the match, indicating that it was indeed a viable initiative. Leading into the match, St. Helens opted to play two warm-up games against a Queensland and Auckland representative team respectively, and lost both. In order to prove their triumph was legitimate, and not a result of fatigue on behalf of St. Helens, Eastern Suburbs challenged both representative sides who had defeated St. Helens. While Queensland declined the offer, Auckland eagerly accepted, and were ultimately defeated by the tricolours 26–22 in front of an enthusiastic home crowd.[1] Because the 1976 clash was a standalone game, there were no immediate plans for a follow up match the next season, or indeed any in the foreseeable future.

The concept would not return until 1987, when another unofficial match took place. Wigan chairman Maurice Lindsay invited Manly-Warringah to Central Park.[2] Long-serving Manly secretary Ken Arthurson proposed that the prize money should be split between the two clubs, regardless of the outcome, however, Lindsay argued that the game should be played under a 'winner-takes-all' stipulation, believing that it would result in the players and fans taking the game more seriously. Played on a dry October night, the match between Manly and Wigan was a tough, at times spiteful, encounter which attracted 36,895 spectators to Wigan's Central Park, most of whom spilled onto the ground at fulltime in celebration of the home side's 8–2 victory.[1] Manly forward Ron Gibbs became the first player to be sent off in a World Club Challenge game during the match, as he was given his marching orders following an illegal elbow to Wigan centre Joe Lydon as he attempted a drop-goal.

Sea Eagles captain Paul Vautin would later claim that his side's loss came down to the team's lackadaisical attitude toward the game, saying that Manly treated the fixture as an opportunity to travel to England for a holiday, where they would continue their grand final celebrations.[1]

The first officially recognised World Club Challenge was between Widnes and Canberra in 1989. Three more World Club Challenge games were played in the 1990s – 1991, 1992 and 1994 – with Wigan appearing in all three (winning the first two, before losing to the Broncos in the latter).

If only we could see a genuine contest between Wigan and Brisbane – a World Club final. Alas, it will never happen. Oh sure, a game might be arranged, but logistics dictate that one side would be out of season, rusty or tired, and away from home.

The Sydney Morning Herald, September 1992[3]

After the 1994 match logistical issues meant the concept was put on hiatus until it was revived in 1997.

With the outbreak of Australia's Super League War in 1995, the World Club Challenge was not staged again until 1997 when the competition was restructured to include the twenty-two clubs from the Australasian Super League and the European Super League. The twelve Australian Rugby League affiliated clubs did not take part. With six rounds in two hemispheres and $1,000,000 prize money, the competition was prohibitively expensive to stage and reportedly lost over $5,000,000. This, coupled with the poor ratings and attendances both in Australia and Europe, led to the competition being postponed for two seasons.

1997 tournament trophy

Returning to a one-off match between the League champions in 1998, a World Club Challenge as a show-piece fixture at Ellis Park in Johannesburg was mooted.[4] However this did not eventuate.

2000–2014: Regular competition

When it was resurrected in 2000, the World Club Challenge was once more played between the winners of the premierships in Australasia and Europe. During this period it was contested annually in the United Kingdom in late January or early February, before the commencement National Rugby League season and the Super League season. Over this period Super League teams dominated the tournament winning 7 of 9 matches, and this led one Australian commentator to deride the competition, citing the British refusal to play the game outside of the UK, the effects of jet lag on an Australian team who arrived in England only a couple of days before the game, and wintry conditions as reasons for Australian team's poor performance. In addition, the games were being played at the beginning of the new season instead of at the end of the previous season, so the rosters of both sides had normally changed considerably, therefore the teams that took the field were not the ones that won the respective premierships. For these reasons, it was viewed as merely a pre-season warm up game by most Australasian teams and fans.[5][6]

Since the 2009 tournament, its popularity has increased with stronger crowds and also with Australian teams taking the concept more seriously, Australian teams were arriving earlier to acclimatize the players and often organising warm up games with other super league sides and this created a much stronger showing and improved results. This also led to an increased movement to having the tournament staged in Australia. During this period, the matches were fixtured in late February, still before the commencement of the National Rugby League season but in the early stages of the new Super League season.[citation needed]

Elland Road prior to the 2010 edition of the tournament.

In mid-2012, a working party was established to look into the feasibility of conducting the match in either a neutral or Australian venue and also looking into the possibility of expanding the tournament.[7] In February 2013, the changes to the tournament were gaining momentum with the NRL and Super League agreeing to begin alternating the World Club Challenge tournament between the UK and Australia. These changes were finally confirmed in November 2013, with both parties agreeing that the 2014 World Club Challenge would be the first held in Australia since 1994.[8] In addition, commencing in 2015, the tournament would also be expanded to six teams.[9] The World Club Challenge return to Australia in 2014 was a success with a solid crowd numbers of over 31,000, with the Sydney Roosters defeating the Wigan Warriors 36–14. During the game, Sydney's Michael Jennings became the first player to score a hat trick of tries in a World Club Challenge.[citation needed]

2015–2017: World Club Series

Main article: World Club Series

In September 2014 it was announced that the World Club Challenge name would be changed to the World Club Series with six clubs participating – 3 from each league.[10] The first iteration took place between 20 and 22 February 2015, and featured three matches, the first and second essentially being two exhibition games and the final game being for the Championship trophy between the two respective premiers as in previous years.[11]

In October 2017 it was suggested that the 2018 Series could be scrapped completely based on the top Australian teams reluctance to travel to the UK for the 2017 series which resulted in the Series being scaled back to two games only. In particular the second game of the 2017 series only featured an invited team from the NRL.[12] In addition, the 2017 Rugby League World Cup being played in Australia at the end of 2017, meant that the preseasons for Australian teams was going to be unusually short ahead of the 2018 season and therefore did not want to make the trip to England for the 2018 series. The Melbourne Storm (2017 NRL Premiers) in particular, were reluctant to travel meaning the series was in danger of cancellation for the first time since the 1990s as it is the Storm that was playing in the World Club Challenge.

In June 2017, the Super League announced that the Australian city of Wollongong would host the first ever Super League game outside Europe. Wigan Warriors will "host" Hull F.C. in the game at WIN Stadium on Saturday, 10 February.[13] In addition and as part of this trip to Australia, Wigan and Hull would also play two exhibition games against South Sydney Rabbitohs and St George Illawarra Dragons respectively. These were separately arranged fixtures and not considered part of the World Club Series.[14][15]

2018–2020: Return to single match format

On 14 November 2017, it was confirmed that Leeds Rhinos would travel to Australia to play Melbourne Storm at AAMI Park in Melbourne on 16 February 2018, and that the World Club Challenge would return to a one-game format for the first time since 2014.[14] The Storm defeated Leeds 38–4 to become World Club Champions for 2018 and also became the first club to hold the NRL Minor Premiership, NRL Premiership and World Club Challenege at the same time since the Sydney Roosters in 2014.[16]

On 22 February 2020, the Sydney Roosters became the first team to win back to back World Club Challenges, defeating St Helens 20–12 in the process. They also overtook Wigan in most challenges won with five.[17]

2021 - 2022: Disruption and cancellations

On 20 November 2020 it was announced that the 2021 World Club challenge, which was due to be played between Melbourne Storm and St Helens would be postponed until late in 2021 owing to the push back of seasons due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the ongoing pandemic itself preventing overseas travel.[18] However, due to the continuing issues surrounding the COVID-19 pandemic, the clash between St Helens and Melbourne was completely cancelled.[19]

In October 2021, St Helens chairman Eamonn McManus was interviewed by a St Helens Podcast, saying that while he hoped the 2022 version of this fixture could go ahead against the Penrith Panthers, he acknowledged it would be “very difficult” to arrange.[20]

The NRL released their 2022 fixtures list in November 2021, with the season due to start in March 2022. The list included no mention of the World Club Challenge or NRL Nines competitions.[21] As of April 2022, Neither the NRL or Super League have put out any further statements on this fixture.

Statistics

List of Finals

18 teams have competed in the World Club Challenge with 12 teams being successful and being crowned world champions. Sydney Roosters have currently won more finals than any other team with 5. (Roosters first title was prior to the club's name change from Eastern Suburbs.)

Season Winners Score Runners-up Referee(s) Venue Attendance
1976
Eastern Suburbs colours.svg
Eastern Suburbs
25 – 2
Saintscolours.svg
St Helens
Australia Gary Cook Sydney Cricket Ground 26,865
1987
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan Warriors
8 – 2
Manly Sea Eagles colours.svg
Manly Warringah Sea Eagles
England John Holdsworth Central Park 36,895
1989
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes Vikings
30 – 18
Canberra colours.svg
Canberra Raiders
France Francois Desplas Old Trafford 30,786
1991
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan Warriors (2)
21 – 4
Penrith Panthers square flag icon with 2017 colours.svg
Penrith Panthers
France Alain Sablayrolles Anfield 20,152
1992
Brisbane colours.svg
Brisbane Broncos
22 – 8
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan Warriors
New Zealand Dennis Hale Central Park 17,764
1994
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan Warriors (3)
20 – 14
Brisbane colours.svg
Brisbane Broncos
Australia Greg McCullum QEII Stadium 54,220
1997
Brisbane colours.svg
Brisbane Broncos (2)
36 – 12
Hunter colours.svg
Hunter Mariners
Australia Graham Annesley Mt Smart Stadium 10,300
2000
Melbourne colours.svg
Melbourne Storm
44 – 6
Saintscolours.svg
St Helens
England Stuart Cummings DW Stadium 13,394
2001
Saintscolours.svg
St Helens
20 – 18
Brisbane colours.svg
Brisbane Broncos
England Stuart Cummings Reebok Stadium 16,041
2002
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford Bulls
41 – 26
Newcastle colours.svg
Newcastle Knights
England Stuart Cummings Kirklees Stadium 21,113
2003
Eastern Suburbs colours.svg
Sydney Roosters (2)
38 – 0
Saintscolours.svg
St Helens
England Russell Smith Reebok Stadium 19,807
2004
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford Bulls (2)
22 – 4
Penrith Panthers square flag icon with 2017 colours.svg
Penrith Panthers
England Steve Ganson Kirklees Stadium 18,962
2005
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds Rhinos
39 – 32
Canterbury colours.svg
Canterbury-Bankstown
Australia Sean Hampstead Elland Road 37,028
2006
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford Bulls (3)
30 – 10
Wests Tigers colours.svg
Wests Tigers
England Steve Ganson Kirklees Stadium 19,207
2007
Saintscolours.svg
St Helens (2)
18 – 14
Brisbane colours.svg
Brisbane Broncos
Australia Steve Clarke Reebok Stadium 23,207
2008
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds Rhinos (2)
11 – 4
Melbourne colours.svg
Melbourne Storm
Australia Ashley Klein Elland Road 33,204
2009
Manly Sea Eagles colours.svg
Manly Warringah Sea Eagles
28 – 20
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds Rhinos
Australia Jason Robinson Elland Road 32,569
2010
Melbourne colours.svg
Melbourne Storm[b]
18 – 10
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds Rhinos
England Richard Silverwood Elland Road 27,697
2011
St. George Illawarra colours.svg
St. George Illawarra Dragons
21 – 15
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan Warriors
France Thierry Alibert DW Stadium 24,268
2012
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds Rhinos (3)
26 – 12
Manly Sea Eagles colours.svg
Manly Warringah Sea Eagles
Australia Ashley Klein Headingley Stadium 21,062
2013
Melbourne colours.svg
Melbourne Storm (2)
18 – 14
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds Rhinos
England Ben Thaler Headingley Stadium 20,400
2014
Eastern Suburbs colours.svg
Sydney Roosters (3)
36 – 14
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan Warriors
Australia Ben Cummins
Australia Gerard Sutton
Allianz Stadium 31,515
2015
South Sydney colours.svg
South Sydney Rabbitohs
39 – 0
Saintscolours.svg
St Helens
England Richard Silverwood Langtree Park 17,980
2016
North Queensland colours.svg
North Queensland Cowboys
38 – 4
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds Rhinos
England Richard Silverwood Headingley Stadium 19,778
2017
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan Warriors (4)
22 – 6
Cronulla colours.svg
Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks
England Robert Hicks DW Stadium 21,011
2018
Melbourne colours.svg
Melbourne Storm (3)
38 – 4
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds Rhinos
Australia Ben Cummins
Australia Gerard Sutton
AAMI Park 19,062
2019
Eastern Suburbs colours.svg
Sydney Roosters (4)
20 – 8
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan Warriors
England Robert Hicks DW Stadium 21,331
2020
Eastern Suburbs colours.svg
Sydney Roosters (5)
20 – 12
Saintscolours.svg
St Helens
England Chris Kendall Totally Wicked Stadium 16,108
2021 Cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic (
Saintscolours.svg
St Helens vs
Melbourne colours.svg
Melbourne Storm).[22]
2022 Cancelled due to the COVID-19 pandemic (
Saintscolours.svg
St Helens vs
Penrith Panthers square flag icon with 2017 colours.svg
Penrith Panthers).[23]

Team Performance

Team Winners Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
Eastern Suburbs colours.svg
Sydney Roosters
5 0 1976, 2003, 2014, 2019, 2020
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan Warriors
4 4 1987, 1991, 1994, 2017 1992, 2011, 2014, 2019
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds Rhinos
3 5 2005, 2008, 2012 2009, 2010, 2013, 2016, 2018
Melbourne colours.svg
Melbourne Storm
3 1 2000, 2010,[b] 2013, 2018 2008
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford Bulls
3 0 2002, 2004, 2006
Saintscolours.svg
St Helens
2 5 2001, 2007 1976, 2000, 2003, 2015, 2020
Brisbane colours.svg
Brisbane Broncos
2 3 1992, 1997 1994, 2001, 2007
Manly Sea Eagles colours.svg
Manly Warringah Sea Eagles
1 2 2009 1987, 2012
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes Vikings
1 0 1989
St. George colours.svg
St. George Illawarra Dragons
1 0 2011
South Sydney colours.svg
South Sydney Rabbitohs
1 0 2015
North Queensland colours.svg
North Queensland Cowboys
1 0 2016
Penrith Panthers square flag icon with 2017 colours.svg
Penrith Panthers
0 2 1991, 2004
Canberra colours.svg
Canberra Raiders
0 1 1989
Hunter colours.svg
Hunter Mariners
0 1 1997
Newcastle colours.svg
Newcastle Knights
0 1 2002
Canterbury colours.svg
Canterbury-Bankstown Bulldogs
0 1 2005
Wests Tigers colours.svg
Wests Tigers
0 1 2006
Cronulla colours.svg
Cronulla-Sutherland Sharks
0 1 2017

Wins by Competition

League Winners Years won
Australia National Rugby League / NSWRL / Super League 14 1976, 1992, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2018, 2019, 2020
England Super League / First Division 13 1987, 1989, 1991, 1994, 2001, 2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2012, 2017

The Treble

The Treble, in Australian rugby league, involves winning the World Club Challenge, Grand Final, and Minor Premiership within the same season.[24]

NB: In British rugby league, "the treble" refers to winning the Super League Grand Final, League Leaders Shield, and Challenge Cup, however British teams are still listed here who qualify by the Australian definition.

To date the teams that have held the three titles at once are as follows:

Club Year[c] Titles
Eastern Suburbs colours.svg
Eastern Suburbs Roosters
1975 1975 NSWRFL Grand Final, 1975 Minor Premiership, 1976 World Club Challenge
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan Warriors
1987 1986–87 RFL First Division, 1987 Premiership, 1987 World Club Challenge
Widnes colours.svg
Widnes Vikings
1989 1988–89 RFL First Division, 1989 Premiership, 1989 World Club Challenge
Brisbane colours.svg
Brisbane Broncos
1992 1992 NSWRL Grand Final, 1992 Minor Premiership, 1992 World Club Challenge
Wigancolours.svg
Wigan Warriors
1994 1993–94 RFL First Division, 1994 Premiership, 1994 World Club Challenge
Brisbane colours.svg
Brisbane Broncos
1997 1997 Super League Grand Final, 1997 Super League Minor Premiership, 1997 World Club Championship Final
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford Bulls
2001 2001 Super League Grand Final, 2001 League Leaders' Shield, 2002 World Club Challenge
Bullscolours.svg
Bradford Bulls
2003 2003 Super League Grand Final, 2003 League Leaders' Shield, 2004 World Club Challenge
Rhinoscolours.svg
Leeds Rhinos
2004 2004 Super League Grand Final, 2004 League Leaders' Shield, 2005 World Club Challenge
Saintscolours.svg
St Helens
2006 2006 Super League Grand Final, 2006 League Leaders' Shield, 2007 World Club Challenge
St. George Illawarra colours.svg
St. George Illawarra Dragons
2010 2010 NRL Grand Final, 2010 Minor Premiership, 2011 World Club Challenge
Eastern Suburbs colours.svg
Sydney Roosters
2013 2013 NRL Grand Final, 2013 Minor Premiership, 2014 World Club Challenge
Melbourne colours.svg
Melbourne Storm
2017 2017 NRL Grand Final, 2017 Minor Premiership, 2018 World Club Challenge
Eastern Suburbs colours.svg
Sydney Roosters
2018 2018 NRL Grand Final, 2018 Minor Premiership, 2019 World Club Challenge

Venues

City Stadium Years
1 England Leeds Elland Road 2005, 2008, 2009, 2010
2 England Wigan DW Stadium 2000, 2011, 2017, 2019
3 England Horwich Macron Stadium 2001, 2003, 2007
4 England Huddersfield John Smiths Stadium 2002, 2004, 2006
5 England Leeds Headingley Carnegie Stadium 2012, 2013, 2016
6 England Wigan Central Park 1987, 1992
7 England St. Helens Langtree Park 2015, 2020
8 Australia Sydney Sydney Cricket Ground 1976
9 England Manchester Old Trafford 1989
10 England Liverpool Anfield 1991
11 Australia Brisbane ANZ Stadium 1994
12 New Zealand Auckland Ericsson Stadium 1997
13 Australia Sydney Allianz Stadium 2014
14 Australia Melbourne AAMI Park 2018

Attendance

Highest

Year City Stadium Attendance
1994 Brisbane ANZ Stadium 54,220

Lowest

Year City Stadium Attendance
1997 Auckland Ericsson Stadium 12,000

Records

Main article: World Club Challenge records and statistics

Sponsors

The World Club Challenge has been sponsored sporadically since its formation.

Period Sponsor Name
1987–1991 Foster's Foster's World Club Challenge
1992–1993 None World Club Challenge
1994–1996 MMI MMI World Club Challenge
1997 VISA VISA World Club Championship
2000 Kellogg's Kellogg's World Club Challenge[25]
2001-2004 None World Club Challenge
2005–2009 Carnegie Carnegie World Club Challenge
2010 Gillette Gillette World Club Challenge
2011 Probiz Probiz World Club Challenge
2012 Heinz Big Soup Heinz Big Soup World Club Challenge
2013 Probiz Probiz World Club Challenge
2014–2015 None World Club Challenge
2016–2017 Dacia Dacia World Club Challenge
2018 Downer Downer World Club Challenge
2019–2020 Betfred Betfred World Club Challenge

Notes

  1. ^ The Toronto Wolfpack was due to compete in the Super League for Season 2020, after a number of years in the lower tiers of the RFL pyramid. This would have made them eligible to qualify for this fixture had they won that competition. However they were forced to withdraw due to financial impacts, logistics, and quarantine requirements due to the COVID-19 Pandemic, ceasing operations later in the same year. The club has revived under new ownership in 2021, but are competing in North America so are not eligible to qualify for the competition.
  2. ^ a b Melbourne were stripped of title due to salary cap breaches.
  3. ^ For most of its history, the World Club Challenge has been played as a curtain opener to the following NRL and Super League seasons, therefore the year shown may not be the same as the year the competition was won.

References

  1. ^ a b c d Wilson, Andy (3 February 2019). "History of the World Club Challenge". theroar.com.au. Retrieved 24 July 2021.
  2. ^ Wilson, Andy (3 October 2010). "Wigan prepare to slay Dragons after crushing St Helens in Grand Final". guardian.co.uk. Retrieved 24 July 2011.
  3. ^ Townsend, David (27 September 1992). "Just a Touch of the Old Dart". The Sydney Morning Herald. Australia: Fairfax Media. p. 47. Retrieved 13 February 2011.
  4. ^ Hadfield, Dave (23 September 1998). "League proposes show in S Africa". The Independent. UK: independent.co.uk. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
  5. ^ Phil Gould (5 February 2006). "Humbling highlights Tigers' reliance on Benji". SMH. Retrieved 16 May 2009.
  6. ^ Langdon, Mark (4 February 2005). "Deadly Danny can get St Helens off to a flyer". The Racing Post. London, England: MGN LTD. Retrieved 5 October 2009.[dead link]
  7. ^ "World Club Challenge Expansion Working Party Group". rleague.com. 20 May 2012. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  8. ^ "World Club Challenge confirmed for Aust". nrl.com. 18 November 2013. Retrieved 5 February 2013.
  9. ^ Steve Mascord (14 February 2013). "World Club Challenge to be held in Australia". Canberra Times. Retrieved 14 February 2013.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2015.((cite web)): CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ "Dragons to play in World Club Series". Nrl.com. Retrieved 9 October 2017.
  12. ^ "World Club Challenge set to be scrapped?". seriousaboutrl.com. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  13. ^ "Wollongong to host historic Super League game". foxsports.com.au. Retrieved 4 November 2017.
  14. ^ a b "2018 World Club Challenge: Leeds Rhinos to play Melbourne Storm in Australia". BBC Sport. 13 November 2017. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  15. ^ "Super League: Wigan Warriors to face Hull FC in Australia in 2018". BBC Sport. 26 July 2017. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  16. ^ "Slater injured as Storm beat Leeds in World Club Challenge". nrl.com.au. Retrieved 16 February 2018.
  17. ^ McCullough, Ian (22 February 2020). "Roosters crowned world club champions for record fifth time". Brisbane Times. Retrieved 24 March 2020.
  18. ^ "2021 World Club Challenge postponed with later dates under consideration | Sporting News Australia". www.sportingnews.com. Archived from the original on 26 January 2021.
  19. ^ "2021 World Club Challenge postponed". Retrieved 20 November 2020.
  20. ^ "St Helens chairman Eamonn McManus provides update on 2022 World Club Challenge". Retrieved 4 November 2021.
  21. ^ "NRL 2022, draw announced - NRL". Archived from the original on 9 November 2021. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  22. ^ "Start of 2021 Super League delayed, World Club Challenge may be played later in year | LoveRugbyLeague".
  23. ^ "NRL 2022, draw announced - NRL". Archived from the original on 9 November 2021. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  24. ^ "Storm treble enters the history books". melbournestorm.com.au. Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  25. ^ "Saints outclassed by Melbourne". BBC News. 22 January 2000. Retrieved 8 October 2021.