This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding article in Russian. (August 2017) Click [show] for important translation instructions. View a machine-translated version of the Russian article. Machine translation like DeepL or Google Translate is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Consider adding a topic to this template: there are already 2,618 articles in the main category, and specifying|topic= will aid in categorization. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Russian Wikipedia article at [[:ru:Танковый биатлон]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|ru|Танковый биатлон)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.
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Four T-72B tanks of the participants, 2013
Four T-72B tanks of the participants, 2013
Russian T-72B, 2013
Russian T-72B, 2013
T-80U tanks waltzing at the show, 2013
T-80U tanks waltzing at the show, 2013

The tank biathlon is a mechanized military sport event held by the Russian military as part of the annual International Army Games. Inspired by the winter sport of biathlon, the sport emphasizes the complex training of tank crews including their rough terrain passing skills combined with the ability to provide accurate and rapid fire while performing maneuvers.[1]

Description

One of the shooting targets used in tank biathlon (dimensions in centimeters)
One of the shooting targets used in tank biathlon (dimensions in centimeters)

Participating tanks drive a three-lap route of 6–10 km. During the first lap, crews fire at tank-size targets positioned at distances of 1,600, 1,700 and 1,800 m (crews aim by tank's optic, without any modern fire-control system). In the second lap, different targets imitating an anti-tank mortar (RPG) squad and an infantry unit are fired upon. These targets are at a distance of 600–700 m, and must be engaged with a 7.62 mm coaxial machine gun. In the third lap the tank crews fire at targets shaped like an anti-tank gun and ATGM unit using the turret-mounted heavy machine gun at a distance of 1,200 m. One or more misses leads to an extra penalty lap 500 m long. On the final lap tanks have to go through various terrain obstacles; an obstacle missed or improperly traversed adds 10 seconds to the crew's final timing.[citation needed]

Events

The United States received an official invitation in 2013 and an unofficial invitation in 2017.[2] In 2014, 41 countries received the invitation.[3]

International competition, 2013

The first international tank biathlon competition was held at the Alabino proving ground in the Moscow Oblast on 12–17 August 2013. Four teams took part in the competition: Russia, Armenia, Belarus and Kazakhstan.

Colour Place Team Range 1 Range 2 Range 3 Total time
H P H P H P
Red 1  Russia 1 0 0 0 2 0 23:44
Blue 2  Kazakhstan 0 1 1 0 1 2 24:36
Yellow 3  Belarus 0 0 1 0 2 1 25:25
Green 4  Armenia 0 1 1 0 1 2 29:48

1st Tank Biathlon World Championship, 2014

The 1st Tank Biathlon World Championship [ru] took place at the Alabino proving ground on 4–16 August 2014. Out of 41 nations that received invitation to the tournament, 12 sent their representatives. Every competitor (except Teams China and Russia) received a T-72B tank in the biathlon color scheme. Team Russia piloted the newest modification, T-72B3, and Team China brought their own Type 96A.[citation needed]

Russian preliminaries for the event ran in several of military districts of Russia. Each district sent its top crews to compete for the Cup of Russia, and 3 finalists from that event formed the national Team Russia for the World Championship.[citation needed] Participating nations also held preliminaries on their own, sending 3 top crews and a reserve crew accompanied by maintenance and repair personnel to Russia.[citation needed]

Random selection placed teams under following colors:

Color No. Team
Red 1  Russia
Red 2  Mongolia
Red 3  Venezuela
Blue 4  Kazakhstan
Blue 5  Belarus
Blue 6  Armenia
Green 7  China
Green 8  Serbia
Green 9  Kyrgyzstan
Yellow 10  India
Yellow 11  Angola
Yellow 12  Kuwait

First legs of the tournament consisted of:

Final

The final competition was a relay race, the top 4 teams fielded all their crews taking turns.

Total time Team
75:14  Russia
80:03  Armenia
90:56  China
94:11  Kazakhstan

2nd Tank Biathlon World Championship, 2015

A Chinese Type 96A at the 2015 tank biathlon
A Chinese Type 96A at the 2015 tank biathlon

The second event of the series took part on 1–15 August 2015 at the same venue in Alabino. This year the Tank Biathlon was held as a headliner of the 2015 International Army Games [ru] that included similar competitions for all things military, from artillery (Masters of Fire) and air force (Aviadarts) to field kitchens.[citation needed] The athletic stage for the crews was removed from schedule.[citation needed]

Veteran of both previous events, Team Belarus decided to participate in the Army Games "only in the disciplines where we are absolutely ready" and thus did not enter the Tank Biathlon (after finishing only 5th last year). Consequently, Belarus won 3 gold, 50 silver and 249 bronze awards and finished 3rd in the total medal score of the Army Games, being surpassed only by Russia and China.[citation needed] The Nicaragua and Tajikistan national teams joined the event for the first time.[citation needed]

All teams were piloting upgraded T-72B3 tanks, excluding Team China which continued to field its own Type 96A.

List of participants with color scheme:

Color No. Team
Red 1  Russia
Red 2  Venezuela
Red 3  Armenia
Red 4  Kyrgyzstan
Blue 5  Nicaragua
Blue 6  Angola
Blue 7  China
Green 8  Tajikistan
Green 9  Mongolia
Green 10  Kazakhstan
Yellow 11  India
Yellow 12  Serbia
Yellow 13  Kuwait

Semifinal

Total time Team
73:30  Russia
77:32  China
78:18  Kazakhstan
83:23  Serbia
94:12  India
97:06  Kyrgyzstan
120:04  Tajikistan
DSQ  Armenia

Final

Total time Team
72:09  Russia
79:21  China
84:56  Serbia
86:16  Kazakhstan

3rd Tank Biathlon World Championship, 2016

The third Tank Biathlon took place in Alabino as part of the 2nd International Army Games [ru] from 30 July to 13 August.[4]

Colour Place Team
Red 1  Russia
Blue 2  China
Green 3  Kazakhstan
Blue 4  Belarus
Blue 5  Serbia
Yellow 6  India
Green 7  Azerbaijan
Green 8  Mongolia
Red 9  Armenia
Red 10  Kyrgyzstan
Yellow 11  Angola
Yellow 12  Iran

4th Tank Biathlon World Championship, 2017

The fourth Tank Biathlon took place in Alabino, Moscow Region. The countries used the same type of tanks as in previous year (T-72B3 and Type-96B), with the exception of India fielding T-90 Bhishma. New Delhi Television reported that the Indian Army felt disadvantaged using T-72B3 tanks provided by Russia in 2016 and was keen to field its best tanks and best crews in 2017. However, as a result of both T-90 Bhishma tanks (the main one and the reserve one) malfunctioning, the Indian squad was unable to complete the race and were disqualified before the semifinal.[5][6]

After seven days of contests, Team Russia won 11 gold, 5 silver and 4 bronze awards and finished 1st in the overall ratings, and Team China achieved second place with 7 gold, 2 silver and 2 bronze.[7]

Place Team
1  Russia
2  China
3  Kazakhstan
4  Belarus
5  Azerbaijan
6  Serbia
7  Iran
8  Mongolia
9  Venezuela
10  Armenia
11  Kyrgyzstan
12  India

6th Tank Biathlon World Championship, 2019

The competition had a slight change of rules, with two divisions (Division 1 and Division 2). Division 1 consisted of the 12 strongest participants in the 2018 edition, while Division 2 consists of all other participants.[citation needed] After two weeks of contests, Russia once again become the World Champion with the result of 1:33:20. In Division 2, Uzbekistan won the finals, and as they participate in the 2020 edition, they are promoted to Division 1.[citation needed]

Division 1 standings

Place Team Final round
1  Russia Champions
2  Belarus Final
3  Kazakhstan Final
4  Azerbaijan Final
5  Mongolia Semi-final
6  China Semi-final
7  Venezuela Semi-final
8  Serbia Semi-final
9  Syria Eliminated in individual race
10  Kyrgyzstan Eliminated in individual race
11  Armenia Eliminated in individual race
12  Iran Eliminated in individual race

Division 2 standings

Place Team Final round
1  Uzbekistan Champions
2  Vietnam Final
3  Cuba Final
4  Uganda Final
5  Myanmar Semi-final
6  Kuwait Semi-final
7  Tajikistan Semi-final
8  Laos Semi-final
9  Angola Eliminated in individual race
10  Sudan Eliminated in individual race
11  Zimbabwe

7th Tank Biathlon World Championship, 2020

Division 1 standings

Place Team Final round
1  Russia Champions
2  China Final
3  Belarus Final
4  Azerbaijan Final
5  Kazakhstan Semi-final
6  Uzbekistan Semi-final
7  Serbia Semi-final
8  Kyrgyzstan Semi-final

Division 2 standings

Place Team Final round
1  Vietnam Champions
2  Laos Final
3  Tajikistan Final
4  Myanmar Final
5  Congo Semi-final
6  Abkhazia
7  South Ossetia
8  Qatar

8th Tank Biathlon World Championship, 2021

The 8th Tank Biathlon took place between 22 August and 4 September 2021 at the Alabino proving grounds.

Russia once again become the World Champion, followed by China, Kazakhstan and Azerbaijan.

9th Tank Biathlon World Championship, 2022

The 2022 Tank Biathlon took place between 13th and 27th August 2022.

Medalist table

Year Gold Silver Bronze
1st Division
2014  Russia  Armenia  China
2015  Russia  China  Serbia
2016  Russia  China  Kazakhstan
2017[7]  Russia  Kazakhstan  China
2018[8]  Russia  China  Belarus
2019  Russia  Belarus  Kazakhstan
2020  Russia  China  Belarus
2021  Russia  China  Kazakhstan
2022  Russia  Belarus  China
Year Gold Silver Bronze
2nd Division
2019  Uzbekistan  Vietnam  Cuba
2020  Vietnam  Laos  Tajikistan
2021  Kyrgyzstan  Tajikistan  Myanmar
2022  Myanmar  Syria  Tajikistan

Rating

The table shows the teams' places in each of the world championships. For 2nd division teams, the first number is the place within the division, and the second number is the absolute place. The teams are ranked according to their average (absolute) place.

Team Avg 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023
 Russia 1.00 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
 China 2.78 3 2 2 3 2 6 2 2 3
 Kazakhstan 3.50 2 4 4 3 2 4 3 5 3 5
 Belarus 3.56 3 5 4 4 3 2 3 6 2
 Azerbaijan 5.00 7 5 5 4 4 4 6
 Serbia 7.00 8 3 5 6 11 8 7 8
 India 7.00 6 5 6 12 6
 Armenia 9.25 4 2 8 9 10 10 11 10 20
 Mongolia 7.63 9 10 8 8 7 5 7 7
 Kyrgyzstan 9.44 7 6 10 11 12 10 8 1 12 9
 Iran 10.80 12 7 9 12 4 14
 Venezuela 10.00 10 11 15 9 8 7 10 10
 Syria 11.25 13 9 11 2 12
 Uzbekistan 7.00 1 13 6 5 4
 Tajikistan 13.00 7 14 13 14 7 19 3 11 2 13 3 13
 Kuwait 13.67 12 9 13 15 15 6 18
 Angola 14.67 11 12 11 14 19 9 21
 Cuba 15.00 3 15
 Nicaragua 15.00 13 16 16
 Vietnam 11.40 17 2 14 1 9 9 8
 Myanmar 14.00 16 5 17 4 12 3 14 1 11
 Laos 16.17 17 18 8 20 2 10 5 16 6 16
 Uganda 19.00 19 22 4 16
 Zimbabwe 19.20 17 18 20 11 23 8 18
 South Africa 21.00 21
 Sudan 20.50 10 22 9 19
 Qatar 17.00 8 16 7 18
 Congo 13.00 5 13
 Abkhazia 16.00 6 14 6 17 7 17
 South Ossetia 15.00 7 15 4 15 5 15
 Mali 20.00 8 19 11 21

Legend:

Videogame

The official videogame version of Tank Biathlon was released on August 23rd, 2020.[9] It is a time-limited event in War Thunder military simulation game that coincides with the real world competitions.[citation needed]

See also

References

  1. ^ Сергей Шойгу сделает танковый биатлон новым видом спорта. Vesti.Ru (in Russian). 10 August 2013. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  2. ^ Rogoway, Tyler (7 June 2017). "Russia Challenges U.S. Tankers To Compete In Its Annual 'Tank Biathlon'". TheDrive.com. Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  3. ^ Kramnik, Ilya (19 May 2016). Гонка танковых чемпионатов. Defence.Ru (in Russian). Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  4. ^ Ptichkin, Sergey (13 August 2016). Международные армейские игры завершились победой России. Rossiyskaya Gazeta (in Russian). Retrieved 12 August 2017.
  5. ^ "After Both Tanks Break Down, India Knocked Out Of International Drill". NDTV.
  6. ^ "India knocked out of tank contest in Russia after T-90s develop snags". Hindustan Times.
  7. ^ a b "Result of contests 2017" (PDF). International Army Games.
  8. ^ "Russian team wins final Tank Biathlon race". TASS.
  9. ^ "Video game mirrors war games: Russia rolls out cyber tank biathlon tournament". TASS. Retrieved 23 August 2020.