World Rowing Championships
StatusActive
GenreRowing World championship
Date(s)Varying
FrequencyAnnual
CountryVarying
Inaugurated1962 (1962)
Most recent2019
Next event2022
Organised byFISA
Websiteworldrowing.com

The World Rowing Championships is an international rowing regatta organized by FISA (the International Rowing Federation). It is a week-long event held at the end of the northern hemisphere summer and in non-Olympic years is the highlight of the international rowing calendar.

History

The first event was held in Lucerne, Switzerland, in 1962.[1][2] The event then was held every four years until 1974, when it became an annual competition. Also in 1974, Men's lightweight and Women's open weight events were added to the championships.

Initially, Men's events were 2000 metres long and Women's events 1000 metres. At the 1984 World Championships in Montreal, Canada, Women's lightweight demonstration events were raced over a 2000-metre course for the first time. In 1985, Women's lightweight events were officially added to the schedule and all Men's and Women's events were contested over a 2000-metre course.

Since 1996, during (Summer) Olympic years, the World Rowing Junior Championships are held at the same time.

In 2002 adaptive rowing events were introduced for the following classes of disability: LTA (legs, trunk and arms), TA (trunk, arms), and A (arms-only). In 2009 the A category was replaced by AS (arms and shoulders), and an ID (intellectually disabled) category was added (but then removed after the 2011 Championships). From 2017 the designations AS, TA, and LTA have been changed to PR1, PR2, and PR3.[3]

Boats

Rowing takes place in 21 different boat classes, apart from during Olympic years when only non-Olympic boat classes race. National teams generally take less interest in the non-Olympic events, as the Olympic events are considered the "premier" events.

The table below shows the boat classes, "O" indicates the boat races at both the Olympics and World Championships. "WC" indicates this is only a World Championship event. After 2007, the coxed fours (4+) no longer runs as a world championship event. Similarly after 2011 the women's coxless four was no longer included, but it was reintroduced in 2013. Lightweight men's eight was removed after 2015.

As a result of the IOC's aim for gender parity, it has been agreed that for 2020 onwards the lightweight men's coxless four will be removed from the Olympics and replaced by women's coxless four.[4]

At the 2017 FISA Ordinary Congress there were further revisions, removing M2+ and LM4- from the World Championships, and reinstating LW2-.[5]

Boat Men Lwt Men Women Lwt Women
1x Single sculls O WC O WC
2x Double sculls O O O O
2- Coxless pairs O WC O WC
2+ Coxed pairs
4x Quad sculls O WC O WC
4- Coxless fours O O
4+ Coxed fours
8+ Eights O O

Editions

World Rowing Championships have been held since 1962, first every four years and since 1974 annually. Due to the unfolding COVID-19 pandemic, the World Rowing Federation cancelled all international events for 2020 on 9 April 2020, some time after the 2020 Summer Olympics and Summer Paralympics had been postponed by one year. This included the 2020 World Rowing Championships regatta scheduled for Bled in Slovenia.[6] On 11 July 2021, the World Rowing Federation announced that it had accepted the request by the Shanghai Organising Committee to also cancel the October 2021 World Rowing Championships that were to be held in Shanghai, China.[7] On 14 July, after having received feedback from member organisations about the importance of international competitions, the World Rowing Federation confirmed that the cancellation of the 2021 championships is unavoidable.[8]

Edition Year Host City Host Country R Events PR Events
1 1962 Lucerne   Switzerland 7 -
2 1966 Bled  Yugoslavia 7 -
3 1970 St. Catharines  Canada 7 -
4 1974 Lucerne   Switzerland 17 -
5 1975 Nottingham  Great Britain 17 -
6 1976 Villach  Austria 3 -
7 1977 Amsterdam  Netherlands 17 -
8 1978 Copenhagen  Denmark 4 -
8 1978 Cambridge  New Zealand 14 -
9 1979 Bled  Yugoslavia 18 -
10 1980 Hazewinkel  Belgium 4 -
11 1981 Munich  West Germany 18 -
12 1982 Lucerne   Switzerland 18 -
13 1983 Duisburg  West Germany 18 -
14 1984 Montreal  Canada 8 -
15 1985 Hazewinkel  Belgium 21 -
16 1986 Nottingham  Great Britain 21 -
17 1987 Copenhagen  Denmark 21 -
18 1988 Milan  Italy 7 -
19 1989 Bled  Yugoslavia 22 -
20 1990 Tasmania  Australia 22 -
21 1991 Vienna  Austria 22 -
22 1992 Montreal  Canada 8 -
23 1993 Račice  Czech Republic 23 -
24 1994 Indianapolis  United States 23 -
25 1995 Tampere  Finland 24 -
26 1996 Motherwell  Great Britain 10 -
27 1997 Aiguebelette  France 24 -
28 1998 Cologne  Germany 24 -
29 1999 St. Catharines  Canada 24 -
30 2000 Zagreb  Croatia 10 -
31 2001 Lucerne   Switzerland 24 -
32 2002 Seville  Spain 24 2
33 2003 Milan  Italy 24 4
34 2004 Banyoles  Spain 9 3
35 2005 Kaizu  Japan 23 3
36 2006 Dorney  Great Britain 23 4
37 2007 Munich  Germany 23 4
38 2008 Ottensheim  Austria 8 -
39 2009 Poznań  Poland 22 5
40 2010 Cambridge  New Zealand 22 5
41 2011 Bled  Slovenia 22 5
42 2012 Plovdiv  Bulgaria 7 -
43 2013 Chungju  South Korea 22 5
44 2014 Amsterdam  Netherlands 22 5
45 2015 Aiguebelette  France 22 4
46 2016 Rotterdam  Netherlands 7 1
47 2017 Sarasota  United States 21 5
48 2018 Plovdiv  Bulgaria 20 9
49 2019 Ottensheim  Austria 20 9
50 2022 Račice  Czech Republic 20 9
51 2023 Belgrade  Serbia
52 2024 St. Catharines  Canada

Hosts (1962-2022)

Times hosted Host country
4 Switzerland Switzerland, Canada Canada, United Kingdom Great Britain, Germany Germany
3 Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Yugoslavia, Austria Austria, Netherlands Netherlands
2 New Zealand New Zealand, Belgium Belgium, Italy Italy, Spain Spain, France France, Bulgaria Bulgaria, United States United States, Denmark Denmark, Czech Republic Czech Republic
1 South Korea South Korea, Australia Australia, Finland Finland, Croatia Croatia, Japan Japan, Poland Poland, Slovenia Slovenia

Medals

Source:[9]

Multiple medallists

Athlete Nation Born
Gold medal world centered-2.svg
Silver medal world centered-2.svg
Bronze medal world centered-2.svg
Tot.
Daniele Gilardoni  Italy 1976 11 1 1 13
Matthew Pinsent  Great Britain 1970 10 0 2 12
Steve Redgrave  Great Britain 1962 9 2 1 12
Franco Sancassani  Italy 1974 9 2 1 12
Francesco Esposito  Italy 1955 9 1 1 11
Giuseppe Di Capua  Italy 1958 8 3 1 12
Andrea Re  Italy 1963 8 1 2 11

Scull and sweep medalists

incomplete list

  Scull and Sweep World Champions
Rower Total Scull Sweep Disciplines
# of
disciplines
Med 1.png
Med 2.png
Med 3.png
# of
disciplines
Med 1.png
Med 2.png
Med 3.png
# of
disciplines
Med 1.png
Med 2.png
Med 3.png
Scull Sweep
Netherlands Michiel Bartman 3 4 1 1 2 3 M4x M4+, M8+
Netherlands Karolien Florijn 2 2 1 1 1 1 W4x W4-
Netherlands Ronald Florijn 3 4 1 1 1 2 M2x M4-, M8+
Italy Daniele Gilardoni 2 13 1 12 1 1 LM4x LM8+
Switzerland Mario Gyr 2 2 1 1 1 1 LM2x LM4-
United Kingdom Katherine Grainger 5 8 3 6 2 2 W1x, W2x, W4x W2-, W8+
Canada Kathleen Heddle 4 5 2 3 2 2 W2x, W4x W2-, W8+
Romania Elisabeta Lipă 5 13 3 9 2 4 W1x, W2x, W4x W2-, W8+
Canada Marnie McBean 5 7 2 3 3 4 W2x, W4x W2-, W4-, W8+
Netherlands Nico Rienks 2 4 1 2 1 2 M2x M8+
Italy Franco Sancassani 3 12 1 10 2 2 LM4x LM2-, LM8+
Switzerland Simon Schürch 2 2 1 1 1 1 LM2x LM4-
United Kingdom Greg Searle 4 7 1 1 3 6 M1x M2+, M4-, M8+
Netherlands Diederik Simon 2 2 1 1 1 1 M4x M8+
Croatia Martin Sinković 3 7 2 5 1 2 M2x, M4x M2-
Croatia Valent Sinković 3 7 2 5 1 2 M2x, M4x M2-
Netherlands Olivia van Rooijen 2 3 1 3 1 1 W4x W8-
Netherlands Henk-Jan Zwolle 2 3 1 1 1 2 M2x M8+
Germany Michael Buchheit 3 5 1 1 2 4 LM2x LM4-, LM8+

Martin and Valent Sinković are the first crew in rowing history that in the same composition won gold medals at World Championship in sweep and scull rowing.[10]

References

  1. ^ The Origins of the Championships, Rowing History, Australia.
  2. ^ Previous Venues Archived 11 October 2010 at the Wayback Machine, 2010 World Rowing Championships, New Zealand.
  3. ^ "Summary of proposed changes to the FISA Rules of Racing, related Bye-Laws and Event Regulations" (PDF). FISA. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  4. ^ "2017 FISA Extraordinary Congress concludes". FISA. 11 February 2017. Retrieved 13 February 2017.
  5. ^ "Rule 36 – World Rowing Championship Programmes" (PDF). FISA. 2 October 2017. Retrieved 2 October 2017.
  6. ^ "The continued consequences of COVID-19 global pandemic on the world rowing regatta season". World Rowing Federation. 9 April 2020. Retrieved 24 July 2021.
  7. ^ "2021 World Rowing Championship regatta, Shanghai is cancelled". World Rowing Federation. 11 July 2020. Retrieved 24 July 2021.
  8. ^ "Definitive cancellation of the 2021 World Rowing Championship". World Rowing Federation. 14 July 2020. Retrieved 24 July 2021.
  9. ^ "BEST sports DB - World Rowing Championship". bestsports.com.br.
  10. ^ "Sportske novosti - FOTO: MINISTAR OBRANE PRIMIO 16 VRHUNSKIH SPORTAŠA PRIČUVNIKA HRVATSKE VOJSKE, MEĐU NJIMA I BRAĆU SINKOVIĆ 'Vidim veliki napredak na svim razinama'". 17 September 2018.