Rugby League World Cup
Upcoming tournament
2026 Men's Rugby League World Cup
SportRugby league
Instituted1954; 70 years ago (1954)
Number of teams16 (finals)[a]
RegionInternational (IRL)
Holders Australia (12th title)
Most titles Australia (12 titles)
Related competitionWomen's World Cup
Wheelchair World Cup
World Cup 9s

The Rugby League World Cup is an international rugby league tournament contested by the top national men's representative teams. The tournament is administered by the International Rugby League and was first held in France in 1954, which was the first World Cup held for any form of rugby football.[1]

The idea of a rugby league World Cup tournament was first mooted in the 1930s with the French proposal to hold a tournament in 1931, and again in 1951.[2] The tournament's structure, frequency, and size has varied significantly throughout its history.[3] The winners are awarded the Paul Barrière Trophy, named after Paul Barrière, the French Rugby League President of the 1940s and 1950s. Three nations have won the tournament; Australia twelve times, Great Britain three times, and New Zealand once. Australia has been in the final of every World Cup, except the first in 1954, when they came third, which was considered to be a complete upset with the bookmakers at the time having Australia as strong favourites.

The latest World Cup was held in England in 2022 after being delayed by a year due to the COVID-19 pandemic.


Main article: History of the Rugby League World Cup

Pre–1994: Original round robin World Cup

1935–1960: Establishment and triennial competitions

New Zealand (TL), France (TR), Great Britain (BL), and Australia (BR) shirts from the inaugural 1954 tournament. They were the four nations to compete in the competition until the 1980s.

The Rugby League World Cup was an initiative of the French who had been campaigning for a competition since 1935. The idea was raised in 1951 by Paul Barrière, the President of the French Rugby League. In 1952, Rugby Football League secretary Bill Fallowfield persuaded the Rugby League Council to support the concept.[4] At a meeting in Blackpool, England in 1953, the International Board accepted Paul Barrière's proposal that France should be the nation to host[4] the first tournament to be officially known as the "Rugby World Cup".[5] In addition to the hosts, the tournament featured teams from Britain, Australia and New Zealand.[6] The 1954 Rugby League World Cup was won by Great Britain who defeated France in Paris on 13 November to claim the title.

Following the success of the maiden World Cup three years later another tournament was held in Australia, marking 50 years of rugby league in the country. Unlike the previous tournament, teams played each other in a league format. It was then decided that the team that finished first in the league would be declared the winner. Australia proved victorious on their home ground.

Another three years would pass until the next World Cup in 1960, this time held in England. It would be the second time Great Britain won the competition. Despite a home nation victory the World Cup suffered from poor crowds due to the live broadcast of games for the first time.

1960–1977: Sporadic competitions

After a disappointing attendances in 1960, the World Cup would not be played for another eight years. The competition had been scheduled to be held in France in 1965, this time with the inclusion of the South African team.[7] However, after an unsuccessful tour of Australia, the French withdrew, effectively postponing the tournament until 1968, when Australia and New Zealand hosted and the World Cup final made a return.

The World Cup found more success in the 70s with four tournaments being played. The first, the 1972 World Cup where the final was contested between Great Britain and Australia ended 10–10, and the title was awarded to Great Britain by virtue of their superior record in the qualifiers. Great Britain were captained by Welshman Clive Sullivan who was the first black player to captain any British national sports team. The final at the Stade de Gerland in Lyon witnessed what is (as of 2021) the last British team to win the Rugby League World Cup.[8]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources in this section. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Rugby League World Cup" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (November 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this message)

In 1975, the competition underwent a radical overhaul with the tournament being held across multiple confederations. Great Britain was split into England and Wales due to Wales wanting to showcase the high level of talent they had on offer that year (no Scottish or Irish players made the original Great Britain squad). This resulted in the tournament increasing from four teams to five for the first time. There was not a final held to decide the champions of the 1975 tournament and so Australia won by virtue of topping the group standings. As Australia had not beaten England in that tournament a final challenge match was hastily arranged which Australia would win 25–0.

In 1977, Great Britain competed again as a single entity. Although the final between Australia and Great Britain was a closely fought affair, public interest in the tournament waned due to the continuing tinkering with the format and it was not held again until the mid-1980s.

1982–1994: No host nation

From 1985 to 1988, each nation played each other a number of times on a home and away basis with a number of these games also being considered part of various international tours that took place during the years in which these world cups were being played. At the end of that period, Australia met New Zealand at Eden Park. The match was a physical encounter, and Australian captain Wally Lewis played part of the match with a broken arm. The Kangaroos won the competition 25–12 in front of a capacity crowd of nearly 48,000 spectators.

This format was repeated from 1989 to 1992 (with games once again also being part of tours) and Australia won again, defeating Great Britain 10–6 at Wembley Stadium in front of 73,361 people. This crowd remained a Rugby League World Cup record (and a record for any rugby league international match) until beaten by the 74,468 crowd which attended the 2013 World Cup final at Old Trafford.[9] The fifth nation to compete in these two tournaments was Papua New Guinea, where rugby league is the national, and most popular, sport.

1995–present: The modern World Cup

1995: Birth of the modern World Cup

Main article: 1995 Rugby League World Cup

In 1995, the competition was held in England and Wales. It was again restructured, returning to the traditional "host / co-host" format, and intended (like in 1954) to be a triennial competition. The tournament expanded to ten teams with Fiji, Samoa, South Africa, and Tonga making their world cup deputes. Great Britain had also split permanently into England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland, although only England and Wales qualified. Unlike previous tournaments where the top two teams in the table played in the final, a knockout stage was added, with quarter and semi-finals. Due to the Super League war, players aligned with the Super League competition were not selected by the ARL to represent Australia, which meant the absence of many star players. The tournament, which was also held to celebrate the centenary of the sport, saw over 250,000 people attending the group stages and over 66,000 people attending the final, in which Australia defeated England 16–8.

2000: Super League delay, financial issues, and hiatus

Main article: 2000 Rugby League World Cup

See also: Super League war

Intended for 1998, the next World Cup was delayed for two years due to the Super League war and the subsequent re-structuring of rugby league's international governing bodies meant that the proposed 1998 World Cup was postponed.[10]

In 2000, the World Cup was held in the United Kingdom, Ireland, and France, and expanded the field further, with sixteen teams entering. This tournament included a New Zealand Maori representative team, the only time this team has taken part, as well as debuts for the Cook Islands, Ireland, Russia, and Scotland. Australia won the tournament by beating New Zealand 40–12 in the final at Old Trafford, Manchester. In the same year, the first Women's Rugby League World Cup was held, with New Zealand defeating Great Britain in the final.

Numerous issues, including poor organization and blown-out scorelines, meant that this tournament was seen as highly unsuccessful with an average attendance just half that of the previous tournament. Due to these problems the competition was put on indefinite hiatus and replaced with the Rugby League Tri-Nations.

2008: Re-establishment and regular competitions

Main article: 2008 Rugby League World Cup

New Zealand lifting the Paul Barrière Trophy after winning the 2008 tournament

After the failure of the 2000 World Cup, no plans were made for another tournament until 2008 with the competition reverting to a 10-team format. The tournament also moved from every three to every four years inline with most other major international sports competitions. Australia hosted the tournament and New Zealand were crowned champions for the first time by beating the host nation at Lang Park, Brisbane. The tournament was once again seen as a success with a 91% average attendance increase on the previous competition. New Zealand became only the third team to win the world cup and the first other than Australia since 1972.

2013: Olympic delay and tournament growth

Main article: 2013 Rugby League World Cup

2013 saw England and Wales host the tournament and expanded to 14 teams. The tournament, originally scheduled for 2012, was moved very early in its organisation to 2013 due to the United Kingdom hosting the 2012 Summer Olympics.[11] The competition was considered the most successful competition since 1995 in terms of attendances, exposure and financial output. The tournament saw Italy and the United States play in their first world cup. Australia took the title again after defeating New Zealand in the final by a score of 34–2. The final attendance became the record international rugby league attendance at 74,468.[12]

2017: Continued growth

Main article: 2017 Rugby League World Cup

2017 Rugby League World Cup taking place in Australia, New Zealand and for the first time in Papua New Guinea. While Australia would claim the title once again and for an eleventh time, the tournament was considered highly successful in terms of competitiveness. The tournament would see Tonga beat New Zealand in the group stages with a score of 28–22 to top the group, the first time a team from outside the top 3 had beaten a top 3 nation in over two decades. New Zealand went on to play Fiji in the quarter-finals and lost once again with a score of just 4–2, knocking New Zealand out in the quarter-finals, the first time a tier 1 nation had exited the tournament at this early stage. Tonga played England in the semi-finals and while conceding 20 unanswered points, they would score 3 tries in just the last seven minutes to pull the score back to 20–18, eventually losing by this close margin. The final was contested between Australia and England at Lang Park, Brisbane and Australia won by just 6–0, the lowest score in world cup final history.[13]

2021: Further growth despite COVID-19 impact

Australia lifting the Paul Barrière Trophy after winning the 2021 tournament

Main article: 2021 Men's Rugby League World Cup

See also: Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on rugby league

England were chosen to host the 2021 tournament which was postponed to 2022 due to Australia and New Zealand withdrawing due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[14][15][16][17] with organisers expressing a desire to see a total of one million fans attend games. This tournament saw the number of teams increased to 16 once again, with Greece and Jamaica debuting in the competition.[18] In 2021, the women's and wheelchair competitions were given equal prominence with the men's tournament, as a result all three competition were run simultaneously for the first time.[19][20] Australia again won the competition, beating final debutants Samoa 30–10.[21][22] The 2021 tournament was the most watched rugby league world cup in history,[23] and was regarded as a sporting, commercial, and social success by the IRL.[24]

2025/26: Hosting issues

Main articles: 2025 Men's Rugby League World Cup and 2026 Men's Rugby League World Cup

A proposal was put forward in 2016 to hold the 2025 Rugby League World Cup in the United States and Canada,[25][26][27] but in December 2018 plans for the tournament to be held in North America were scrapped due to financial concerns.[28]

On 11 January 2022, it was announced France would host the tournament in 2025,[29][30][31][32] however on 15 May 2023 France pulled out of hosting the tournament after the French government withdrew financial support.[33][34][35][36][37] A day later, New Zealand announced they were considering a bid, but would possibly require a delay to 2026.[38]

On 3 August, the IRL announced that the tournament would be postponed to 2026 and held in the southern hemisphere with only 10 teams taking part.[39][40][41][42][43]


Main article: 2030 Men's Rugby League World Cup

With the announcement of the 2025 World Cup to 2026 came confirmation that the following competition would be held in 2030. In the announcement International Rugby League confirmed that the tournament would be held once again as a stand alone competition with the women's and wheelchair tournaments held separately.[39][43]


Main article: Paul Barrière Trophy

The Paul Barrière Trophy first awarded in the 1954 inaugural contest.

The World Cup trophy was commissioned by French Fédération Française de Rugby à XIII president Paul Barrière at a cost of eight million francs, and then donated to the International Rugby League Board to be used for the inaugural competition in 1954.[44] This trophy was used and presented to the winning nation for the first four tournaments, before being stolen in 1970. After its recovery, the trophy was reinstated for the 2000 tournament.



Main article: Rugby League World Cup qualification

Qualifying rounds were first introduced for the 2000 World Cup. Hosts and teams reaching the knockout rounds of the previous tournament automatically qualify for the next. The remaining spots are achieved through regional qualification tournaments, split between the four International Rugby League confederation Asia-Pacific, Americas, Europe, and Middle East-Africa. Because of a changeing number of teams making the finals and entering the qualifiers, and the unpredictability of the geographic spread of teams automatically qualifying, the format of the qualification tournament has changed with each edition of the tournament.


For details, see History of the Rugby League World Cup § Evolution of the format.

The Rugby League World Cup has followed a varied range of formats throughout its history as the number of teams participating has increased.

The current format has been in use since the 2021 tournament, in addition to the 2000 tournament. This format features 16 teams split into four groups of four playing a single round robin. Each team is awarded two points for a win and one point for a draw. The top two teams from each group qualify for the knockout stage.

The eight teams in the quarter-finals play each other with the four winners progressing to the semi-finals before the World Cup final. If the teams are level after 80 minutes extra time will be played and if the two teams are still level after extra time, a golden point will be played.

This will be temporary altered for the 2026 tournament due to its late rescheduling, the exact format to be used remains unknown.


Main article: Rugby League World Cup hosts

Due to the early World Cups being contested between Australia, England, France and New Zealand and the fact rugby league is most popular in these regions they have regularly hosted the World Cup between themselves. World Cups in 1985–88 and 1989–92 were all jointly hosted by the four founding nations.

New Zealand has never solely hosted a World Cup but they have co-hosted with Australia on three occasions with 2017 also jointly co-hosted with Papua New Guinea. England have co-hosted once with Wales in 2013 although the 2000 World Cup was played across the UK as well as some games in Ireland and France.

France hosted the first World Cup in 1954 and again in 1972 as well as hosting games at the 2000 and 2013 World Cups.

Despite the World Cup mainly being hosted by England, Australia, France and New Zealand, countries such as UAE, South Africa and the United States and Canada have applied to host the tournament in the past.

Total times teams hosted by confederation
Confederation Total (Hosts) Years
Asia-Pacific 6 Australia1957,
AustraliaNew Zealand 1968,
AustraliaNew Zealand1975*,
AustraliaNew Zealand1977,
AustraliaNew ZealandPapua New Guinea 2017
Europe 9 France1954,
United Kingdom1960,
United Kingdom1970,
FranceUnited Kingdom1975*,
EnglandFranceRepublic of IrelandScotlandWales2000,
Middle East-Africa 0
Americas 0

NB: England, Scotland, Wales, and Ireland were not IRL nations prior to 1995, therefore the United Kingdom is used to refer to the host nation during this time regardless of the number of home nations which actually hosted.


Main article: Rugby League World Cup venues

In total, 81 stadiums have hosted world cup games over the 14 tournaments. Headingley Stadium in Leeds has hosted the tournament the most times, having had games in 7 world cups with Central Park, Wigan and Lang Park, Brisbane having hosted 6 tournaments. 52 stadiums have hosted matches in just 1 tournament. The most stadiums used in a tournament was in 2000 when 26 stadiums were used; the stadium capacity was the highest ever at 704,400. However, the occupancy was also the lowest ever at just 37.46%.

The largest stadium in terms of capacity ever used was Wembley Stadium, London with a seating capacity of 90,000; the stadium was used in the 2013 tournament as the venue for the semi-final double-header. The smallest stadium ever used was also in 2013 when The Gnoll, Neath, with a capacity of 5,000 hosted a game between Wales and Cook Islands. Despite this, it was not the lowest attended game; this was in the 2000 World Cup when just 1,497 attended the game between Wales and Lebanon at Stradey Park, Llanelli.

The cities with the most stadiums used are Sydney and London with 4 each. Hull and Auckland are the cities with the next highest number with 3 each.

Rank Country Stadiums
1  England 33
2  Australia 21
3  France 13
4  Wales 7
5  New Zealand 6
6 Ireland Ireland 3
7  Papua New Guinea 2
 Scotland 2


Further information: List of Rugby League World Cup finals

Ed. Year Hosts Final Third-Fourth place Num.
1st place, gold medalist(s) Champions Score 2nd place, silver medalist(s) Runners-up 3rd place, bronze medalist(s) Third Fourth
1 1954  France
Great Britain
Parc des Princes, Paris



New Zealand
2 1957  Australia
Great Britain

New Zealand

3 1960  United Kingdom
Great Britain


New Zealand

4 1968  Australia
 New Zealand

Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney


Great Britain

New Zealand
5 1970  United Kingdom
Headingley, Leeds

Great Britain


New Zealand
6 1972  France
Great Britain
Stade de Gerland, Lyon



New Zealand
7 1975  Australia
 United Kingdom
 New Zealand

Headingley, Leeds



New Zealand
8 1977  Australia
 New Zealand

Sydney Cricket Ground, Sydney

Great Britain

New Zealand

9 1985–1988 No fixed host[d]
Eden Park, Auckland

New Zealand

Great Britain

Papua New Guinea
10 1989–1992
Wembley Stadium, London

Great Britain


New Zealand
Ed. Year Hosts Final Losing semi finalists[e] Num.
11 1995  England[f]
Wembley Stadium, London

 New Zealand and  Wales 10
12 2000  England
Ireland Ireland

Old Trafford, Manchester

New Zealand
 England and  Wales 16
13 2008  Australia
New Zealand
Lang Park, Brisbane

 England and  Fiji 10
14 2013  England

Old Trafford, Manchester

New Zealand
 England and  Fiji 14
15 2017  Australia
 New Zealand
 Papua New Guinea[45]

Lang Park, Brisbane

 Fiji and  Tonga 14
16 2021[h]  England
Old Trafford, Manchester

 England and  New Zealand 16
17 2026[i] TBA TBD
18 2030 TBA Future events 16


In total, 21 teams have competed at the World Cup. Of these, only three have won the World Cup, with Australia being by far the most successful with 12 titles. Great Britain has won three titles, however since 1995 have competed separately as England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland. New Zealand became only the third team to win the World Cup in 2008.

England, France and Samoa are the only teams to have played in the final and not won. Wales' best result was third under the old format and have made the semi-finals twice while Fiji have appeared in three while Tonga have made the semi-finals just once.

Papua New Guinea achieved fourth place under the old format and have made it to three quarter-finals. Four other teams; Ireland, Lebanon, Scotland and the USA have all made the quarter-finals bringing the total amount of teams to reach the knockout stage to 14.

Top four finishes
Team Champions Runners-up Third / Fourth / Losing Semi-finalists
 Australia 12 (1957, 1968, 1970, 1975, 1977, 1988, 1992, 1995, 2000, 2013, 2017, 2021) 3 (1960, 1972, 2008) 1 (1954)
 Great Britain 3 (1954, 1960, 1972) 4 (1957, 1970, 1977, 1992) 2 (1968, 1988)
 New Zealand 1 (2008) 3 (1985–88, 2000, 2013) 11 (1954, 1957, 1960, 1968, 1970, 1972, 1975, 1977, 1992, 1995, 2021)
 England 3 (1975, 1995, 2017) 4 (2000, 2008, 2013, 2021)
 France 2 (1954, 1968) 6 (1957, 1960, 1970, 1972, 1977, 1992)

1 (2021)


3 (1975, 1995, 2000)


3 (2008, 2013, 2017)

 Papua New Guinea

1 (1988)


1 (2017)


Main article: Rugby League World Cup records


Year Hosts Matches Avg.
Highest attendances
Figure Venue Match(es)
1954  France 7 19,761 138,329 37,471 Stadium de Toulouse  France 13–13  Great Britain
Group Stage
1957  Australia 6 35,820 214,918 58,655 Sydney Cricket Ground  Australia 31–6  Great Britain
1960  United Kingdom 6 18,376 110,200 33,023 Odsal Stadium  Great Britain 10–3  Australia
1968  Australia  New Zealand 7 31,562 220,683 62,256 Sydney Cricket Ground  Australia 25–10  Great Britain
Group Stage
1970  United Kingdom 7 9,816 68,710 18,775 Headingley  Great Britain 7–12  Australia
1972  France 7 8,922 62,456 20,748 Stade Vélodrome  France 20–9  New Zealand
Group Stage
1975  Australia  France  New Zealand  United Kingdom 21 9,737 204,476 33,858 Sydney Cricket Ground  Australia 10–10  England
Group Stage
1977  Australia  New Zealand 7 15,670 109,688 27,000 Lang Park  Australia 19–5  Great Britain
Group Stage
1985–88 No fixed host 18 12,125 218,246 47,363 Eden Park  New Zealand 12–25  Australia
1989–92 No fixed host 21 14,289 300,059 73,631 Old Wembley Stadium  Great Britain 6–10  Australia
1995  England 15 17,707 265,609 66,540 Old Wembley Stadium  England 8–16  Australia
2000  England  France Ireland Ireland
 Scotland  Wales
31 8,514 263,921 44,329 Old Trafford  Australia 40–12  New Zealand
2008  Australia 18 16,302 293,442 50,599 Lang Park  Australia 20–34  New Zealand
2013  England  Wales 28 16,374 458,483 74,468 Old Trafford  Australia 34–2  New Zealand
2017  Australia  New Zealand
 Papua New Guinea
28 13,338 373,461 40,033 Lang Park  Australia 6–0  England
2021  England 31 13,667 423,689 67,502 Old Trafford  Australia 30–10  Samoa

Match attendance

Top 10 match attendances.

Rank Attendance Stadium Year Stage
1 74,468 Old Trafford 2013 Final
2 73,631 Wembley Stadium 1989–92 Final
3 67,575 Wembley Stadium 2013 Semi-final double header
4 67,502 Old Trafford 2021 Final
5 66,540 Wembley Stadium 1995 Final
6 62,256 Sydney Cricket Ground 1968 Group stage
7 58,655 Sydney Cricket Ground 1957 Group stage
8 54,290 Sydney Cricket Ground 1968 Final
9 50,599 Lang Park 2008 Final
10 50,077 Sydney Cricket Ground 1957 Group stage

See also


  1. ^ There will be 10 finalist for 2026 due to the late rescheduling of the tournament
  2. ^ No final was held in 1957 or 1960. The highest ranked team during round-robin round won World Cup
  3. ^ Despite the 1972 Final ending in a draw, Great Britain were awarded the World Cup having finished top in the group stage.
  4. ^ The 1985–1988 and 1989–1992 World Cups used a home and away round robin format with the tournaments taking place over several years across participating nations rather than a single host(s)
  5. ^ Until 1995 the world cup was a round robin system with the top two playing in the final. From 1995 the world cup changed to a groups and knockout format. Losing semi-finalists are listed in alphabetical order.
  6. ^ England were the official hosts of the 1995 World Cup however some games were staged in Wales
  7. ^ Despite England and Wales being official hosts some games were played in Ireland and France
  8. ^ Postponed to 2022 due to the COVID-19 pandemic
  9. ^ Intended for 2025, but postponed due to the withdrawal of France as hosts nation.



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  2. ^ Richard William Cox; Wray Vamplew; Grant Jarvie (2000). Encyclopedia of British Sport. UK: ABC-CLIO. p. 426. ISBN 9781851093441.
  3. ^ McCann, Liam (2006). Rugby: Facts, Figures and Fun. UK: AAPPL Artists' and Photographers' Press. p. 80. ISBN 9781904332541.
  4. ^ a b Waddingham, Steve (2008-06-14). "Why this trophy for winning the rugby league World Cup?". The Courier-Mail. Brisbane. Archived from the original on 2012-09-26. Retrieved 10 January 2010.
  5. ^ SPARC, 2009: 28
  6. ^ AAP (1953-01-19). "World Cup Suggestion". The Sydney Morning Herald. Australia. p. 7. Retrieved 2009-12-25.
  7. ^ AAP; Reuter (1962-08-15). "League Cup Year Fixed". The Sydney Morning Herald. Auckland. p. 18. Archived from the original on 2013-01-03. Retrieved 2009-10-06.
  8. ^ "When Great Britain won the World Cup". BBC. Retrieved 9 October 2020.
  9. ^ AAP (1 December 2013). "Record rugby league crowd for World Cup final". Retrieved 1 December 2013.
  10. ^ John Coffey; Bernie Wood (2008). 100 years: Māori rugby league, 1908-2008. Huia Publishers. p. 302. ISBN 9781869693312.
  11. ^ "RLWC2013 venues". 2013 rugby league world cup official website. Rugby League International Federation Ltd. Archived from the original on 4 October 2011. Retrieved 3 September 2011.((cite web)): CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  12. ^ Lucas, Dan (2013-11-30). "Rugby League World Cup final: New Zealand v Australia – as it happened". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2023-06-02.
  13. ^ "Australia 6 England 0". BBC Sport. 2 December 2017. Retrieved 13 December 2017.
  14. ^ Walter, Brad (5 August 2021). "2021 World Cup officially postponed due to COVID-19 pandemic". Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  15. ^ Heppenstall, Ross (2023-06-02). "Australia and New Zealand withdraw from Rugby League World Cup". The Times. ISSN 0140-0460. Retrieved 2023-06-02.
  16. ^ "Australia and NZ pull out of World Cup". BBC Sport. 2021-07-22. Retrieved 2023-06-02.
  17. ^ "Australia and New Zealand withdraw from Rugby League World Cup due to coronavirus concerns". Sky Sports. Retrieved 2023-06-02.
  18. ^ "Rugby League World Cup to feature 16 teams in 2021". Sky Sports. 2 February 2016. Retrieved 11 September 2016.
  19. ^ Darbyshire, Drew (21 October 2019). "Women and wheelchair players to receive equal pay to men at 2021 World Cup". Love Rugby League. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  20. ^ Ed, Dixon (2 July 2020). "2021 Rugby League World Cup and IRL team up on broadcast production - SportsPro Media". Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  21. ^ "Rugby League World Cup 2021". Retrieved 2023-06-02.
  22. ^ Sutcliffe, Steve (19 November 2022). "Australia 30-10 Samoa: Kangaroos claim third consecutive World Cup with hard-fought victory". BBC Sport. Retrieved 19 November 2022.
  23. ^ "RLWC 2021 Becomes Most Watched Rugby League". 8 November 2022.
  24. ^,-best-and-most-inclusive-in-rugby-league-history
  25. ^ Fletcher, Paul. "Rugby League World Cup: North America set to host 2025 tournament". BBC Sport. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  26. ^ "Rugby League World Cup moves to North America in 2025". stuff sport. 20 November 2016. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  27. ^ "North America to Host 2025 Rugby league World Cup". Canada Rugby League Association. 2016-12-01. Retrieved 2023-06-02.
  28. ^ Adrian Proszenko (2018-12-04). "US World Cup hosting plans torpedoed by money trouble". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2018-12-28.
  29. ^ XIII, FFR (2022-01-07). "La France organisera la Coupe du Monde de Rugby à XIII en 2025". Fédération Française de Rugby à XIII (in French). Retrieved 2022-10-15.
  30. ^ "France to host 2025 World Cup". National Rugby League. 8 January 2022. Retrieved 8 January 2022.
  31. ^ "French Prime Minister Jean Castex's pride after securing Rugby League World Cup". YorkshireLive. 2022-01-11. Retrieved 2023-06-02.
  32. ^ "France set to host the 2025 Rugby League World Cups". Asia Pacific Rugby League. 2022-01-11. Retrieved 2023-06-02.
  33. ^ "France pulls out of hosting Rugby League World Cup". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2023-05-15.
  34. ^ "France no longer able to host 2025 Rugby League World Cup". Retrieved 15 May 2023.
  35. ^ Bower, Aaron (15 May 2023). "2025 Rugby League World Cup in doubt after France pull out of staging event". The Guardian. Retrieved 15 May 2023.
  36. ^ "France withdraw from hosting 2025 Rugby League World Cup over financial concerns". Sky Sports. Retrieved 2023-06-02.
  37. ^ "Confirmed: France will not host 2025 Rugby League World Cup". LoveRugbyLeague. 2023-05-15. Retrieved 2023-06-02.
  38. ^ Hytner, Mike (2023-05-16). "New Zealand makes bid to co-host 2025 Rugby League World Cup with Australia after France pulls out". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2023-05-16.
  39. ^ a b "Southern hemisphere to host 2026 World Cup". BBC Sport. August 3, 2023.
  40. ^ "Reduced Rugby League World Cup to take place in 2026". The Guardian.
  41. ^ "2026 Rugby League World Cup to be hosted in southern hemisphere". The Independent. August 3, 2023.
  42. ^ "Rugby League World Cup 2025 to be delayed; full details announced for new look tournament". LoveRugbyLeague. August 3, 2023.
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  44. ^ RLIF. "Past Winners: 1954". Rugby League International Federation. Archived from the original on 2008-10-12. Retrieved 2008-10-25.
  45. ^ "Papua New Guinea to co-host Rugby League World Cup in 2017". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Australian Associated Press. 8 October 2015. Retrieved 8 October 2015.


Further reading