FIS Cross-Country World Cup
GenreCross-country skiing
Date(s)Northern wintertime season
BeginsNovember
EndsMarch
Location(s)Europe
Canada
United States (rare)
Japan (rare)
China (rare)
South Korea (rare)
Inaugurated1973 (1973) (unofficial - men)
1978 (1978) (unofficial - women)
9 January 1982 (9 January 1982) (men & women)
Previous event2023–24 FIS Cross-Country World Cup
Next event2024–25 FIS Cross-Country World Cup
Organised byInternational Ski Federation
PeopleMichel Lamplot (race director)[1]
Simon Caprini (asst. race director)[1]
SponsorCoop Norway,[2] Audi e-tron[3]

The FIS Cross-Country World Cup is an annual cross-country skiing competition, arranged by the International Ski Federation (FIS) since 1981. The competition was arranged unofficially between 1973 and 1981, although it received provisional recognition on the 31st FIS Congress, 29–30 April 1977 in Bariloche, Argentina.[4]

The first World Cup races were held on 9 January 1982 and were located in Reit im Winkl, West Germany and Klingenthal, East Germany. Bill Koch of the United States and Berit Aunli of Norway were the overall winners in the first season.

Rules

Competitors attempt to achieve the most points during the season. They compete in two disciplines: Distance and Sprint. Current Distance races are mostly 10 km, 20 km, Skiathlon and 50 km for the men and women.[5] The competitions are held with either individual start or mass start and either classic or free technique. In Sprint races, athletes are organised in heats based on their results in a prologue where the 30 fastest skiers qualify for the sprint's quarter-finals.[6] The 12 best skiers in the quarter-finals advance to the semi-finals and the 6 best skiers in the semi-finals advance to the final. Sprint races are maximum 1.8 kilometres and are competed in either classic or free technique.

In ordinary World Cup races, 100 points are awarded to the winner, 95 for second place, 90 for third place, winding down to 1 point for 50th place. In Stage World Cup races; Tour de Ski, World Cup Final and mini-tours, 50 points are awarded to the winner, 47 for second place, 44 for third place, winding down to 1 point for 30th place. The overall winners of the Stage World Cup events are awarded 300 points for Tour de Ski victory and 200 points for an overall win in the World Cup Final or a mini-tour. The athlete with the most points at the end of the season in mid-March wins the Overall World Cup, with the trophy consisting of a 9 kilogram crystal globe.[7] Sub-prizes are also awarded to the winners of the Sprint World Cup and the Distance World Cup, with a smaller 3.5 kg crystal globe.

Races are hosted primarily in Europe, with regular stops in the Nordic countries and Central Europe. A few races have also been held in North America and Asia. World Cup competitions have been hosted in 23 countries around the world: Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Czechoslovakia, Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Soviet Union, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland and the United States. (Note that all World Cup races hosted in Bosnia were held when it was still part of Yugoslavia.)

The World Cup usually follows a November-March schedule, effectively ruling out hosting races in the southern hemisphere, for example in Argentina or New Zealand. Additionally, races have yet to be hosted in the Central Asia-Himalayas region.

Overall World Cup standings

Main article: List of FIS Cross-Country World Cup champions

The table below shows the three highest ranked skiers each year.

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway 38 35 36 109
2  Sweden 11 12 11 34
3  Finland 9 6 11 26
4  Russia 8 13 8 29
5  Soviet Union 8 4 4 16
6  Germany 4 2 6
7  Switzerland 4 1 2 7
8  Poland 4 1 1 6
8  Italy 3 4 9 16
9  United States 3 3 2 8
11  Czech Republic 1 3 2 6
12  Kazakhstan 1 3 1 5
13  Spain 1 1 2
14  CIS 1 2 3
15  Canada 2 2 4
16  Estonia 2 2
17  Czechoslovakia 1 3 4
18  Slovenia 1 1 2
19  Austria 1 1
19  France 1 1
21  Ukraine 1 1

Sprint World Cup standings

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway 31 28 18 77
2  Sweden 12 2 11 25
3  Slovenia 4 2 2 8
4  Italy 3 9 4 16
5  United States 3 2 5
6  Finland 1 2 4 7
7  France 1 1 3 5
8  Poland 1 1 2
9  Russia 4 3 7
10  Switzerland 2 2
11  Germany 1 2 3
12  Czech Republic 1 1 2
13  Estonia 2 2
14  Canada 1 1
15  Kazakhstan 1 1

Distance World Cup standings

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Norway 16 18 16 50
2  Finland 5 1 8 15
3  Russia 4 4 9 17
4  Switzerland 4 2 6
5  Germany 4 1 2 7
6  Poland 4 1 1 6
7  Estonia 2 1 2 5
8  United States 2 1 1 4
9  Italy 1 6 1 8
10  Czech Republic 1 4 1 6
11  Spain 1 1 2
12  Ukraine 1 1 2
13  Austria 1 1 2
14  Sweden 4 2 6
15  Canada 2 1 3
16  France 1 1
17  Kazakhstan 1 1

U23 World Cup standings

Rank Nation Gold Silver Bronze Total
1  Sweden 7 3 5 15
2  Norway 4 5 3 12
3  Russia 2 6 4 12
4  Italy 2 1 3
5  France 2 2 4
6  United States 1 1 1 3
7  Slovenia 1 1
8  Latvia 1 1
9  Switzerland 2 3 5
10  Austria 1 1 2
11  Germany 1 1
12  Finland 1 1

Nations Cup

All results of female and male athletes of a nation are counted for the Nations Cup.

Season Winner Runner-up Third   Men's winner Women's winner
1981–82  Norway  Czechoslovakia  Sweden  Norway  Norway
1982–83  Norway  Soviet Union  Finland  Norway  Norway
1983–84  Norway  Soviet Union  Sweden  Norway  Norway
1984–85  Norway  Sweden  Soviet Union  Norway  Norway
1985–86  Norway  Sweden  Soviet Union  Sweden  Norway
1986–87  Sweden  Norway  Soviet Union (3)  Sweden  Norway
1987–88  Sweden (2)  Soviet Union (3)  Norway  Sweden  Soviet Union
1988–89  Soviet Union  Sweden  Norway (2)  Sweden  Soviet Union
1989–90  Soviet Union  Norway  Sweden  Norway  Soviet Union
1990–91  Soviet Union (3)  Norway  Sweden  Norway  Soviet Union (4)
1991–92  Norway  CIS  Italy  Norway  CIS
1992–93  Norway  Russia  Italy  Norway  Russia
1993–94  Norway  Russia  Italy  Norway  Russia
1994–95  Russia  Norway  Italy  Norway  Russia
1995–96  Russia  Norway  Italy  Norway  Russia
1996–97  Norway  Russia  Italy  Norway  Russia
1997–98  Norway  Russia  Italy  Norway  Russia
1998–99  Norway  Russia  Sweden  Norway  Russia
1999–00  Norway  Russia  Italy  Norway  Russia
2000–01  Norway  Russia  Italy  Norway  Russia (9)
2001–02  Norway  Russia  Italy  Norway  Norway
2002–03  Norway  Germany  Sweden  Sweden (5)  Norway
2003–04  Norway  Germany  Italy  Norway  Norway
2004–05  Norway  Germany  Russia  Norway  Norway
2005–06  Norway  Sweden  Germany  Norway  Norway
2006–07  Norway  Germany (4)  Finland  Norway  Finland
2007–08  Norway  Finland  Germany (2)  Norway