Alpine Ski World Cup
Seidlalm, a gasthaus at "Streif" (Kitzbühel) where
World Cup was founded by Lang, Bonnet, and Beattie.
GenreAlpine skiing
Location(s)Europe and North America; occasionally in Japan, Russia, Australia, Argentina, South Korea, New Zealand
Inaugurated5 January 1967 (1967-01-05) (men)
7 January 1967 (7 January 1967) (women)
FoundersFrance Serge Lang
France Honore Bonnet
United States Bob Beattie
Organised byInternational Ski Federation
(FIS)
PeopleChief Race Directors
Italy Markus Waldner (men)
ItalySlovenia Peter Gerdol (women)
SponsorAudi Quattro

The FIS Alpine Ski World Cup is the top international circuit of alpine skiing competitions, launched in 1966 by a group of ski racing friends and experts which included French journalist Serge Lang and the alpine ski team directors from France (Honore Bonnet) and the USA (Bob Beattie).[1] It was soon backed by International Ski Federation president Marc Hodler during the FIS Alpine World Ski Championships 1966 at Portillo, Chile, and became an official FIS event in the spring of 1967 after the FIS Congress at Beirut, Lebanon.

The inaugural World Cup race was held on 5 January 1967 in Berchtesgaden, West Germany, a slalom won by Heinrich Messner of Austria. Jean-Claude Killy of France and Nancy Greene of Canada were the overall winners for the first two seasons.

Rules

Competitors attempt to achieve the best time in four disciplines: slalom, giant slalom, super G, and downhill. The fifth event, the combined, employs the downhill and slalom. The World Cup originally included only slalom, giant slalom, and downhill races. Combined events (calculated using results from selected downhill and slalom races) were included starting with the 1974–75 season, while the Super G was added for the 1982–83 season.

The current scoring system was implemented in the 1991–92 season. For every race points are awarded to the top 30 finishers: 100 points to the winner, 80 for second, 60 for third, winding down to 1 point for 30th place. The racer with the most points at the end of the season in mid-March wins the cup, represented by a 9 kilogram crystal globe.[2] Sub-prizes are also awarded in each individual race discipline, with a smaller 3.5 kg crystal globe.

Since 1967, the big crystal globe has been awarded for the overall title. From the beginning to 1971–72, discipline titles were awarded with medals. Statistically, those titles have the same value as the small crystal globes, which first appeared for discipline titles in slalom, giant slalom and downhill in the 1977–78. In super-G, the small globe has been awarded since 1985–86. For super-g races in the three seasons previous, points were added and calculated in the giant slalom ranking.

The World Cup is held annually, and is considered the premier competition for alpine ski racing after the quadrennial Winter Olympics. Many consider the World Cup to be a more valuable title than the Olympics or the biennial World Championships, since it requires a competitor to ski at an extremely high level in several disciplines throughout the season, and not just in one race.[3]

Races are hosted primarily at ski resorts in the Alps in Europe, with regular stops in Scandinavia, North America, and east Asia, but a few races have also been held in the Southern Hemisphere. World Cup competitions have been hosted in 25 countries around the world: Andorra, Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Canada, Croatia, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Poland, Russia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States.[4]

Lower competitive circuits include the NorAm Cup in North America and the Europa Cup in Europe.

Overall winners

See also: List of FIS Alpine Ski World Cup men's champions and List of FIS Alpine Ski World Cup women's champions

Multiple individual overall World Cup winners are marked with (#).

Discipline titles

See also: List of FIS Alpine Ski World Cup men's champions and List of FIS Alpine Ski World Cup women's champions

See also: List of FIS Alpine Ski World Cup winners of men's discipline titles and List of FIS Alpine Ski World Cup winners of women's discipline titles


Top ten small crystal globe podiums

  Still active

Most small globes per discipline

Combined crystal globes were officially awarded from 2007 to 2012. Here are counted all season titles, official and unofficial. The records for most World Cup titles in each discipline are as follows:


Multiple disciplines small crystal globe winners

Only four men's racers have ever managed to win small crystal globe in four or more different alpine skiing disciplines during their career, as listed in the table below.

Men

Career Different discipline titles won Wins DH SG GS SL KB
Luxembourg Marc Girardelli 1980–1997 4 10 2 - 1 3 4
Switzerland Pirmin Zurbriggen 1981–1990 4 10 2 4 1 - 3
Norway Kjetil André Aamodt 1990–2006 4 8 - 1 1 1 5
Norway Aksel Lund Svindal 2003-2019 4 9 2 5 1 - 1

Most race wins in each discipline

As of 2 March 2024

Men

Women

Hosts

Main article: List of FIS Alpine Ski World Cup hosts

Most races won

See also: List of FIS Alpine Ski World Cup men's race winners and List of FIS Alpine Ski World Cup women's race winners

A common measurement of how good individual skiers are is the total number of World Cup races won during their skiing career. The following skiers have won at least 20 World Cup races:

Most podiums and top ten results

As of 3 March 2024.[5][6]

  Still active

Career podiums

Career top ten results

Greatest alpine skiers of all time

Based on ski-database super ranking system (since 1966), this scoring system is calculated using points from three categories: Olympic Games, World Championships, and World Cup (overall titles, discipline titles and individual top ten results).

As of 3 December 2023

Men's super ranking

Women's super ranking

Parallel events

Parallel slalom

Parallel slaloms from 1976 to 1991 counted for Nations Cup. There were no limitations regarding the number of athletes who could enter the competition, but each main event was limited to 32 competitors.

Men

Date Place Season Winner Second Third
Nations Cup
20 March 1976   Canada Mont St. Anne 1975/76 Italy Franco Bieler Sweden Ingemar Stenmark Canada Jim Hunter
26 March 1977   Spain Sierra Nevada 1976/77 Austria Manfred Brunner Austria Klaus Heidegger Italy Bruno Nöckler
19 March 1978    Switzerland  Arosa 1977/78 United States Phil Mahre Sweden Ingemar Stenmark Austria Leonhard Stock
14 December 1978   Italy Madonna di Campiglio 1978/79 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark Italy Mauro Bernardi Italy Karl Trojer
14 March 1980   Austria Saalbach 1979/80 Austria Anton Steiner Sweden Ingemar Stenmark Norway Jarle Halsnes
30 March 1981    Switzerland  Laax 1980/81 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark Norway Jarle Halsnes United States Phil Mahre
28 March 1982   France Montgenèvre 1981/82 United States Phil Mahre Sweden Ingemar Stenmark Austria Hans Enn
21 March 1983   Japan Furano 1982/83 Sweden Ingemar Stenmark (3) United States Phil Mahre Liechtenstein Andreas Wenzel
25 March 1984   Norway Oslo 1983/84 Austria Hans Enn Austria Anton Steiner Sweden Ingemar Stenmark
6 January 1986   Austria Vienna 1985/86 Italy Ivano Edalini Germany Markus Wasmeier Austria Anton Steiner
22 March 1986   Canada Bromont Liechtenstein Paul Frommelt Italy Marco Tonazzi Luxembourg Marc Girardelli
28 December 1986   West Germany Berlin 1986/87 Austria Leonhard Stock Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Bojan Križaj West Germany Michael Eder
22 December 1987   Italy Bormio 1987/88  Switzerland  Pirmin Zurbriggen  Switzerland  Joël Gaspoz  Switzerland  Martin Hangl
27 March 1988   Austria Saalbach Italy Alberto Tomba  Switzerland  Pirmin Zurbriggen Austria Helmut Mayer
11 March 1989   Japan Shiga Kōgen 1988/89 Austria Bernhard Gstrein  Switzerland  Pirmin Zurbriggen Austria Rudolf Nierlich
24 March 1991   United States Waterville 1990/91  Switzerland  Urs Kälin  Switzerland  Paul Accola Norway Ole Kristian Furuseth
Promotional event
2 January 2009   Russia Moscow 2008/09 Germany Felix Neureuther France Jean-Baptiste Grange United States Bode Miller
21 November 2009   Russia Moscow 2009/10 Austria Marcel Hirscher France Steve Missillier Canada Michael Janyk
World Cup
23 March 1975   Italy Val Gardena 1974/75 Italy Gustav Thöni Sweden Ingemar Stenmark  Switzerland  Walter Tresch
24 October 1997   France Tignes 1997/98 Austria Josef Strobl Norway Kjetil André Aamodt Austria Hermann Maier

Women

Date Place Season Winner Second Third
Nations Cup
20 March 1976   Canada Mont St. Anne 1975/76  Switzerland  Bernadette Zurbriggen West Germany Irene Epple Austria Monika Kaserer
26 March 1977   Spain Sierra Nevada 1976/77 West Germany Christa Zechmeister  Switzerland  Marie-Theres Nadig Austria Annemarie Moser-Pröll
19 March 1978    Switzerland  Arosa 1977/78 Austria Annemarie Moser-Pröll West Germany Christa Zechmeister United States Viki Fleckenstein
16 March 1980   Austria Saalbach 1979/80 Austria Annemarie Moser-Pröll (2) Italy Claudia Giordani West Germany Maria Epple
30 March 1981    Switzerland  Laax 1980/81 United States Tamara McKinney West Germany Traudl Hächer Liechtenstein Hanni Wenzel
28 March 1982   France Montgenèvre 1981/82 West Germany Maria Epple Austria Lea Sölkner France Perrine Pelen
21 March 1983   Japan Furano 1982/83 France Anne-Flore Rey Liechtenstein Hanni Wenzel Austria Anni Kronbichler
25 March 1984   Norway Oslo 1983/84 Czechoslovakia Olga Charvátová  Switzerland  Erika Hess United States Tamara McKinney
22 March 1986   Canada Bromont 1985/86  Switzerland  Vreni Schneider  Switzerland  Maria Walliser  Switzerland  Corinne Schmidhauser
18 January 1987   Germany Munich 1986/87 United States Tamara McKinney France Małgorzata Tlałka-Mogore  Switzerland  Corinne Schmidhauser
22 December 1987   Italy Bormio 1987/88  Switzerland  Brigitte Oertli  Switzerland  Corinne Schmidhauser  Switzerland  Michela Figini
27 March 1988   Austria Saalbach West Germany Christina Meier Austria Ulrike Maier Austria Roswitha Steiner
11 March 1989   Japan Shiga Kōgen 1988/89  Switzerland  Chantal Bournissen West Germany Michaela Gerg-Leitner United States Tamara McKinney
24 March 1991   United States Waterville 1990/91 Austria Anita Wachter Austria Ingrid Salvenmoser  Switzerland  Chantal Bournissen
Promotional event
21 November 2009   Russia Moscow 2009/10 Sweden Therese Borssén Germany Maria Riesch Sweden Frida Hansdotter
World Cup
24 March 1975   Italy Val Gardena 1974/75 Austria Monika Kaserer Italy Claudia Giordani France Fabienne Serrat
24 October 1997   France Tignes 1997/98 France Leila Piccard Sweden Ylva Nowén Austria Alexandra Meissnitzer
28 November 1997   United States Mammoth Mountain Germany Hilde Gerg Germany Martina Ertl Austria Alexandra Meissnitzer
20 December 2017   France Courchevel 2017/18 United States Mikaela Shiffrin Slovakia Petra Vlhová Italy Irene Curtoni
9 December 2018    Switzerland  St. Moritz 2018/19 United States Mikaela Shiffrin (2) Slovakia Petra Vlhová  Switzerland  Wendy Holdener
15 December 2019    Switzerland  St. Moritz 2019/20 Slovakia Petra Vlhová Sweden Anna Swenn-Larsson Austria Franziska Gritsch

  not counted as an official World cup win

City event

Parallel city event is a version of parallel slalom where only Top16 ranked are allowed to compete. Length of the track and course/gates setting are also different from classic parallel slalom, and as of 2019/20 season, they are completely replaced with normal parallel races with qualification run.

Men

Date Place Season Winner Second Third
2 January 2011   Germany Munich 2010/11 Croatia Ivica Kostelić France Julien Lizeroux United States Bode Miller
21 February 2012   Russia Moscow 2011/12 France Alexis Pinturault Germany Felix Neureuther Sweden André Myhrer
1 January 2013   Germany Munich 2012/13 Germany Felix Neureuther Austria Marcel Hirscher France Alexis Pinturault
29 January 2013   Russia Moscow Austria Marcel Hirscher Sweden André Myhrer Croatia Ivica Kostelić
23 February 2016   Sweden Stockholm 2015/16 Austria Marcel Hirscher (2) Sweden André Myhrer Italy Stefano Gross
31 January 2017   Sweden Stockholm 2016/17 Germany Linus Straßer France Alexis Pinturault Sweden Mattias Hargin
1 January 2018   Norway Oslo 2017/18 Sweden André Myhrer Austria Michael Matt Germany Linus Straßer
30 January 2018   Sweden Stockholm  Switzerland  Ramon Zenhäusern Sweden André Myhrer Germany Linus Straßer
1 January 2019   Norway Oslo 2018/19 Austria Marco Schwarz United Kingdom Dave Ryding  Switzerland  Ramon Zenhäusern
19 February 2019   Sweden Stockholm  Switzerland  Ramon Zenhäusern (2) Sweden André Myhrer Austria Marco Schwarz

Women

Date Place Season Winner Second Third
2 January 2011   Germany Munich 2010/11 Sweden Maria Pietilä-Holmner Slovenia Tina Maze Austria Elisabeth Görgl
21 February 2012   Russia Moscow 2011/12 United States Julia Mancuso Austria Michaela Kirchgasser United States Lindsey Vonn
1 January 2013   Germany Munich 2012/13 Slovakia Veronika Velez-Zuzulová Slovenia Tina Maze Austria Michaela Kirchgasser
29 January 2013   Russia Moscow Germany Lena Dürr Slovakia Veronika Velez-Zuzulová United States Mikaela Shiffrin
23 February 2016   Sweden Stockholm 2015/16  Switzerland  Wendy Holdener Sweden Frida Hansdotter Sweden Maria Pietilä-Holmner
31 January 2017   Sweden Stockholm 2016/17 United States Mikaela Shiffrin Slovakia Veronika Velez-Zuzulová Norway Nina Løseth
1 January 2018   Norway Oslo 2017/18 United States Mikaela Shiffrin (2)  Switzerland  Wendy Holdener  Switzerland  Mélanie Meillard
30 January 2018   Sweden Stockholm Norway Nina Haver-Løseth  Switzerland  Wendy Holdener Slovakia Petra Vlhová
1 January 2019   Norway Oslo 2018/19 Slovakia Petra Vlhová United States Mikaela Shiffrin  Switzerland  Wendy Holdener
19 February 2019   Sweden Stockholm United States Mikaela Shiffrin (3) Germany Christina Geiger Sweden Anna Swenn-Larsson


Knockout slalom

There were a total of two races (one in the men's category and one in the women's category) and it was in 2002/03 season. The points were added together with slalom races.

Men

Date Place Season Winner Second Third
16 December 2002   Italy Sestriere 2002/03 Croatia Ivica Kostelić Italy Giorgio Rocca Norway Truls Ove Karlsen

Women

Date Place Season Winner Second Third
15 December 2002   Italy Sestriere 2002/03 Sweden Anja Pärson Finland Tanja Poutiainen Austria Nicole Hosp


Parallel giant slalom

Introduced by the International Ski Federation to the World Cup as a spectator-friendly event in late 2015, the parallel giant slalom competition, or shortened parallel-G, joining the parallel slalom, is intended to lure more speed specialists into the faster of the two technical disciplines, along with attracting their fans to watch the races at the venue, on-line, and on television.[7] Few venues offer the slope and conditions required to host an extremely short Giant slalom course that can be readily viewed in its entirety by a compact gallery of fans. Modified or not, the Federation has not suggested that they will push the format to lower-level tours like the NorAm and Europa Cup.

Format

The Chief Race Director of the inaugural event at Alta Badia, Markus Waldner, on 20 December 2015 stated that "great performances" and "head-to-head fights" between the best giant slalom racers is the goal of the competition. The course for the first race was very compact at about 20–22 seconds duration, or about one-third of a normal GS run. The pace and cadence was the same as Giant slalom, not standard Slalom. Gates were set at roughly the same distances as GS and on a slope of about the same pitch. The field of thirty-two were drawn following an invitational format. The top four men in the overall World Cup rankings were automatic invitees, if they chose to compete. Another 16 racers were selected from the top of the current GS start list rankings, and the final twelve competitors were selected from the 1st run efforts at the standard GS event the day prior at the same venue. Overlapping qualifications allowed the sponsors to invite lower ranked participants to fill in gaps, as needed, and to replace individuals who declined to participate. Points were awarded and accumulated according to current standards for the race season in all relevant categories: the GS discipline, Overall and Nations Cup. The field was filled with thirty-two first round participants, each getting a run on either course. The best combined times moved the fastest racer to the second round through bracket preference protocols. From the second round, skiers the head-to-head competitions were held over one run only, with the faster skier from the previous round granted course selection between the 'red-right' or 'blue-left' course. At about one-third the time of a standard GS event, top performers/finalists were able to make multiple runs without the fatigue of a longer event. The course was methodically set with lasers, and a GPS-equipped Snowcat, to guarantee that both courses on the hill were as identical as possible to ensure equity and a fair competition. The Race Director suggested the difference between the two lanes were within "1–to–2 centimeters" tolerance of one another.

Events

Men's World Cup parallel giant slalom events
Venue Date Winner Second Third Fourth Notes
Italy Alta Badia 21 December 2015   Norway Kjetil Jansrud Norway Aksel Lund Svindal Sweden Andre Myhrer Germany Dominik Schwaiger   [8][9]
Italy Alta Badia 19 December 2016   France Cyprien Sarrazin  Switzerland  Carlo Janka Norway Kjetil Jansrud Norway Leif Kristian Haugen [10][11]
Italy Alta Badia 18 December 2017   Sweden Matts Olsson Norway Henrik Kristoffersen Austria Marcel Hirscher Norway Aleksander Aamodt Kilde [12]
Italy Alta Badia 17 December 2018   Austria Marcel Hirscher France Thibaut Favrot France Alexis Pinturault Sweden Matts Olsson [13][14]
Italy Alta Badia 23 December 2019   Norway Rasmus Windingstad Germany Stefan Luitz Austria Roland Leitinger Norway Leif Kristian Nestvold-Haugen [13][15]
France Chamonix 9 February 2020    Switzerland  Loïc Meillard  Switzerland  Thomas Tumler Germany Alexander Schmid United States Tommy Ford [16]
Austria Lech/Zürs 27 November 2020   France Alexis Pinturault Norway Henrik Kristoffersen Germany Alexander Schmid Austria Adrian Pertl [17]
Austria Lech/Zürs 14 November 2021   Austria Christian Hirschbühl Austria Dominik Raschner Norway Atle Lie McGrath Norway Henrik Kristoffersen [18]
Women's World Cup parallel giant slalom events
Venue Date Winner Second Third Fourth Notes
Italy Sestriere 19 January 2020   France Clara Direz Austria Elisa Mörzinger Italy Marta Bassino Italy Federica Brignone [19]
Austria Lech/Zürs 26 November 2020   Slovakia Petra Vlhová United States Paula Moltzan  Switzerland  Lara Gut-Behrami Sweden Sara Hector [20]
Austria Lech/Zürs 13 November 2021   Slovenia Andreja Slokar Norway Thea Louise Stjernesund Norway Kristin Lysdahl Italy Marta Bassino [21]

Various records