|1912 VFL Premiership season|
|Minor premiers||South Melbourne|
(2nd minor premiership)
|Leading Goalkicker Medallist||Harry Brereton (Melbourne)|
The 1912 VFL season was the 16th season of the Victorian Football League (VFL), the highest level senior Australian rules football competition in Victoria. The season featured ten clubs, ran from 27 April until 28 September, and comprised an 18-game home-and-away season followed by a finals series featuring the top four clubs.
The premiership was won by the Essendon Football Club for the fourth time and second time consecutively, after it defeated South Melbourne by 14 points in the 1912 VFL Grand Final.
In 1912, the VFL competition consisted of ten teams of 18 on-the-field players each, with no "reserves", although any of the 18 players who had left the playing field for any reason could later resume their place on the field at any time during the match.
Each team played each other twice in a home-and-away season of 18 rounds.
Once the 18 round home-and-away season had finished, the 1912 VFL Premiers were determined by the specific format and conventions of the amended "Argus system".
Prior to this round, it was noted by the Football Record that Melbourne had been generally strong while competing at their home ground, but had faltered while away.
All of the 1912 finals were played at the MCG so the home team in the Semi Finals and Preliminary Final is purely the higher ranked team from the ladder but in the Grand Final the home team was the team that won the Preliminary Final.
Main article: 1912 VFL Grand Final
Essendon defeated South Melbourne 5.17 (47) to 4.9 (33), in front of a crowd of 54,436 people. (For an explanation of scoring see Australian rules football).