XVIII Commonwealth Games
2006 Commonwealth Games Logo.svg
Host cityMelbourne, Victoria, Australia
MottoUnited by the moment
Nations participating71[1]
Athletes participating4071[2]
Events245 in 17 sports
Opening ceremony15 March
Closing ceremony26 March
Officially opened byElizabeth II
Officially closed byPrince Edward, Earl of Wessex
Athlete's OathAdam Pine
Queen's Baton Final RunnerJohn Landy
Main venueMelbourne Cricket Ground
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XIX →

The 2006 Commonwealth Games, officially the XVIII Commonwealth Games and commonly known as Melbourne 2006, was an international multi-sport event for members of the Commonwealth held in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia between 15 and 26 March 2006. It was the fourth time Australia had hosted the Commonwealth Games. It was also the largest sporting event to be staged in Melbourne, eclipsing the 1956 Summer Olympics in terms of the number of teams competing, athletes competing, and events being held.

More than 4,000 athletes from 71 Commonwealth Games Associations took part in the event.[3] Zimbabwe withdrew its membership from the Commonwealth of Nations and Commonwealth Games Federation on 8 December 2003 and so did not participate in the event.[4] With 245 sets of medals, the games featured 17 Commonwealth sports. These sporting events took place at 13 venues in the host city, two venues in Bendigo and one venue each in Ballarat, Geelong, Lysterfield Park and Traralgon.[5]

The site for the opening and closing ceremonies was the Melbourne Cricket Ground which was also used during 1956 Summer Olympics.[6] The mascot for the games was Karak, a red-tailed black cockatoo (a threatened species).[7] The official song of the games, "Together We Are One", was composed by the ARIA awardee Australian recording artist Delta Goodrem. During the closing ceremony of the games, President of the Commonwealth Games Federation Mike Fennell declared to the crowd "Melbourne, you are simply the best".[8]

For the first time in the history of the Commonwealth Games, the Queen's Baton visited every single Commonwealth nation and territory taking part in the Games, a journey of 180,000 km (112,500 miles). The relay ended when the Governor of Victoria, and former Commonwealth Games medallist, John Landy delivered the baton to Her Majesty the Queen at the Melbourne Cricket Ground during the opening ceremony.[9]

The host nation Australia topped the medal table for the fifth time in the past five Commonwealth Games, winning the most golds (84) and most medals overall (221). England and Canada finished second and third respectively.[10]

The 2006 Commonwealth Games have been lauded as “best Commonwealth Games ever”.[11] A KPMG analysis of Melbourne’s 2006 Commonwealth Games found the event prompted an increase in Gross State Product of about $1.6bn over a 20-year period and employment of about 13,600 jobs.[12]

Host selection

Melbourne was selected by the Australian Commonwealth Games Association as the official bid city from Australia for the 2006 Commonwealth Games
Melbourne was selected by the Australian Commonwealth Games Association as the official bid city from Australia for the 2006 Commonwealth Games

During the 1998 Commonwealth Games in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, two cities initially expressed interest in hosting the event; Melbourne, Australia and Wellington, New Zealand.[13] Wellington withdrew its bid, citing the costs involved with matching the bid plan presented by Melbourne, which became the default host without members of the Federation going to vote.[14][15][16]

2006 Commonwealth Games bidding results
City Nation Votes
Melbourne  Australia Unanimous

Preparation and development

Melbourne Cricket Ground

Venues

The following venues were used at the 2006 Commonwealth Games. The sport(s) that were played at that venue are listed after it.[5]

Melbourne venues

Melbourne Sports and Aquatic Centre
Melbourne Convention and Exhibition Centre
Multi Purpose Venue (Melbourne Park)

Regional and suburban venues

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Ballarat
Ballarat Minerdome: Basketball
Bendigo
Bendigo Stadium: Basketball
Wellsford Rifle Range: Full Bore Shooting
Geelong
Geelong Arena: Basketball
Lysterfield Park
State Mountain Bike Course: Mountain Bike Cycling
Traralgon
Traralgon Sports Stadium: Basketball

Cost

Early concerns arose about the large cost of staging the Games, with projected costs likely to be over AUD 1 billion and a high likelihood the Victorian taxpayer would have to cover the expense. The cost was described in some local media as excessive. National Party leader Peter Ryan said that the Labor government should win "gold (medal) for burning money".[17] However, not all of this money was wasted. The actual costs for hosting the games was AUD 1.144 billion and prior to the Games, accountants at KPMG were estimating that the gross income generated by this event could be as high as AUD 1.5 billion.

Development

Melbourne's premier sporting ground, the Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG), was redeveloped in preparation for the Games. An athlete's village in the inner suburb of Parkville housed approximately 7,000 athletes and support staff during the Games, and has been transformed into commercial housing with a distinctly eco-friendly image. The creation of this village attracted controversy, with critics claiming it was created by alienating public parkland, while proponents maintained that it represented the renewal of an otherwise derelict inner-city area.[18]

The change from Daylight Saving Time to Standard Time in Australian states that follow it was delayed from 26 March to 2 April for 2006 to avoid affecting the games. In addition, state and private schools amended their usual term times so as to allow the first term holidays to coincide with the Games.[19]

Melbourne's public transport system – train, tram and bus – ran to altered timetables with some amended or substituted services for the duration of the Games. For the most part, timetabled services were unchanged but suffered due to higher loads.[20]

For the first time ever, the Melbourne 2006 Commonwealth Games appointed a Goodwill Partner, Plan International Australia.[21]

Participating teams

There were 71 countries, territories and bodies competing at the 2006 Commonwealth Games.[22] The only difference between the 2006 games and the 2002 games was the absence of Zimbabwe, which withdrew from the Commonwealth of Nations.

Countries and places competing at the games
Countries and places competing at the games
Participating Commonwealth countries and territories

Calendar

OC Opening ceremony Event competitions 1 Gold medal events CC Closing ceremony
March 15th
Wed
16th
Thu
17th
Fri
18th
Sat
19th
Sun
20th
Mon
21st
Tue
22nd
Wed
23rd
Thu
24th
Fri
25th
Sat
26th
Sun
Events
Ceremonies OC CC
Athletics 3 10 6 6 8 9 11 53
Badminton 1 5 6
Basketball 1 1 2
Boxing 11 11
Cycling 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 18
Diving 3 2 3 2 10
Gymnastics 1 1 2 5 5 1 1 4 24
Field hockey 2 2
Netball 1 1
Rugby sevens 1 1
Shooting 6 4 6 5 4 5 5 3 2 40
Squash 2 3 5
Swimming 5 5 9 5 11 7 42
Synchronised swimming 2 2
Table tennis 2 2 2 6
Weightlifting 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 1 1 16
Daily medal Events 11 18 20 21 39 26 17 19 19 29 17 245
Cumulative total 11 29 49 70 109 135 152 171 190 219 245
March 15th
Wed
16th
Thu
17th
Fri
18th
Sat
19th
Sun
20th
Mon
21st
Tue
22nd
Wed
23rd
Thu
24tg
Fri
25th
Sat
26th
Sun
Events

Sports

Melbourne Cricket Ground during the Games
Melbourne Cricket Ground during the Games

Main article: Events at the 2006 Commonwealth Games

The 2006 Commonwealth Games included 17 sports, with 12 individual sports and 4 team sports. In total there are 245 events at the Games.

Opening ceremony

Fireworks at the Yarra River during the opening ceremony of the 2006 Commonwealth Games
Fireworks at the Yarra River during the opening ceremony of the 2006 Commonwealth Games

Main article: 2006 Commonwealth Games opening ceremony

Both the Melbourne Cricket Ground and the Yarra River were centrepieces for the ceremony, which included many fireworks, and other spectacle. The Games were opened by Elizabeth II, in her capacity as Head of the Commonwealth. The Queen is also Head of State of a number of Commonwealth countries.[23]

Closing ceremony

Main article: 2006 Commonwealth Games closing ceremony

Both the Melbourne Cricket Ground and the Yarra River were again centrepieces for the ceremony. Samresh Jung of India was given the David Dixon Award at the closing ceremony. He was the "Best Athlete of the 18th Commonwealth Games". The games were closed by The Earl of Wessex, Prince Edward.

Medal table

Main article: 2006 Commonwealth Games medal table

Leisel Jones won four gold medals in the swimming competition, sweeping the breaststroke events and the medley relay.
Leisel Jones won four gold medals in the swimming competition, sweeping the breaststroke events and the medley relay.

  *   Host nation (Australia)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1 Australia*846969222
2 England364034110
3 Canada26293186
4 India22171150
5 South Africa12131338
6 Scotland1171129
7 Jamaica104822
8 Malaysia7121029
9 New Zealand6121432
10 Kenya65718
Totals (10 nations)220208208636

Broadcasting

Marketing

The logo of the 2006 Commonwealth Games is an image of 2 figures, which represents sport and culture, achievement and excellence, while the colours green, yellow, and red represents celebratory, fresh and youthfully optimistic character of Melbourne city. The two figures in the logo joined together to form a letter M, which is the initial letter of Melbourne, the games host city.[32]

Mascot

Karak was the mascot for the 2006 Commonwealth Games. He was modelled on a red-tailed black cockatoo, a threatened species within the host country, Australia.[33][34]

Sponsors

Sponsors of the 2006 Commonwealth Games[35]

Official Partners[edit]

Official Sponsors[edit]

Official Providers[edit]

Qantas Airlines showcasing the logo of the 2006 Commonwealth Games.
Qantas Airlines showcasing the logo of the 2006 Commonwealth Games.

Controversies

Missing athletes

On 20 March 2006 it was reported that two athletes had gone missing from the Commonwealth Games village: Tanzanian boxer Omari Idd Kimweri and Bangladeshi runner Mohammad Tawhidul Islam.[36][37]

On 22 March 2006 it was reported that seven athletes from Sierra Leone (three women and four men) had also disappeared. A further seven Sierra Leonean athletes also went missing during the course of the Games, bringing the total runaway count to fourteen (two-thirds of the team). Victoria Police believed that they had fled to Sydney where the Sierra Leonean community is much larger than Melbourne's.

Two hours before the Closing Ceremony on 26 March, officials from the Cameroon team reported to police that nine of their members had also vanished.

These incidents were not without precedent: 27 athletes similarly disappeared from the 2002 Commonwealth Games in Manchester, England (21 from Sierra Leone, 5 from Bangladesh and one from Pakistan), and over 80 athletes and officials overstayed their visas after the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney.[38]

On request of Sierra Leone officials, the Commonwealth Games Federation cancelled those athletes' Games accreditation, allowing the Australian Department of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs (DIMA) to cancel their visas at midnight on 27 March, and begin investigating their disappearance. At 7.20 am on that day, New South Wales Police located six of the Sierra Leonean athletes in a house at Freshwater near Manly Beach in Sydney. All six indicated they wished to seek political asylum in Australia, and were granted bridging visas by DIMA while their refugee applications were arranged. The athletes claimed to have been subjected to violence and torture in their home country; seventeen-year-old Isha Conteh stated she could be forced into female genital cutting if she returned.[39] On Tuesday 28 March, six further Sierra Leoneans turned themselves in to immigration authorities in Sydney and were also granted bridging visas.[40]

Two of the missing Cameroonian athletes were later found in Perth, Western Australia.

The Stolenwealth Games

The Stolenwealth Games were protests at the 1982 and 2006 Commonwealth Games. People were protesting because they believed that the Commonwealth Games lead to the erasure of indigenous people.[41][42] There were also problems with land rights. These protests lead to the creation of the Global Indigenous Games.

See also

References

  1. ^ The four Home Nations of the United KingdomEngland, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland — send separate teams to the Commonwealth Games, as do the three Crown DependenciesJersey, the Isle of Man and Guernsey — and 9 of the 14 British Overseas Territories. The Cook Islands and Niue, non-sovereign territories in free association with New Zealand also compete separately. There are thus 53 members of the Commonwealth of Nations, but 71 competing teams at the Commonwealth Games.
  2. ^ 1911-2010 Australia at the Commonwealth Games: Delhi 2010 XIX Commonwealth Games 3-14 October. Melbourne: Australian Commonwealth Games Association. 2010. p. 111. ISBN 978-0958019019.
  3. ^ "Melbourne 2006". Commonwealth Games Federation. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  4. ^ La Guardia, Anton (8 December 2003). "Zimbabwe quits Commonwealth over suspension". Daily Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  5. ^ a b "M2006 > Sports and Venues > Venue Statistics". m2006.thecgf.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  6. ^ "M2006 > Sports and Venues > Venue Locations > Melbourne Cricket Ground (MCG)". m2006.thecgf.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  7. ^ M2006 > Karak the Mascot > Display Archived 27 June 2006 at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ "Games farewelled with spectacular party". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  9. ^ "M2006 > Queen's Baton Relay". qbr.m2006.thecgf.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  10. ^ "M2006 > Schedule and Results > Medals". m2006.thecgf.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  11. ^ Deery, Shannon; Johnston, Matt. "Melbourne last hosted the Commonwealth Games in 2006 in an event which has been dubbed the "best Commonwealth Games ever"". Herald Sun. News Corp. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  12. ^ Mackay, Duncan. "Victoria bid for 2026 Commonwealth Games set to be launched "this week"". Inside The Games. Retrieved 1 February 2022.
  13. ^ "Wellington Bid To Host The 2006 Commonwealth Games". The Beehive. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  14. ^ "COMMONWEALTH GAMES: Melbourne looks set to host 2006 Commonwealth Games". The Independent. 11 April 1999.
  15. ^ edited by John Nauright & Charles Parrish (2012). Sports around the World: History, Culture, and Practice. ABC-CLIO. p. 371. ((cite book)): |author= has generic name (help)
  16. ^ "MELBOURNE HOPES FOR 2006 COMMONWEALTH GAMES". SportBusiness. 27 September 2001. Retrieved 22 April 2021.
  17. ^ "Commonwealth Games spending within budget - National - theage.com.au". theage.com.au. Retrieved 2 May 2018.
  18. ^ Battlelines drawn as Parkville site chosen Archived 4 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  19. ^ [1] Archived 16 June 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  20. ^ Public Transport Archived 29 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ Plan Australia Archived 19 January 2007 at the Wayback Machine
  22. ^ [2] Archived 22 June 2005 at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ "TheStar.com - Spectacular ceremony opens Commonwealth Games". Toronto Star. 27 May 2006. Archived from the original on 27 May 2006. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
  24. ^ "TWI Wins Contract to Host Broadcast Commonwealth Games | News | Sportcal". sportcal.com. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  25. ^ "Nine wins Sunday with Games closing ceremony - TV & Radio - Entertainment". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  26. ^ "Melbourne coverage | BBC". 1 March 2006. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  27. ^ "CBC Sports Commonwealth Games Schedule | Pedal Magazine". Pedal Magazine. 24 January 2006. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  28. ^ "Blow to Games prestige - Commonwealth Games". theage.com.au. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  29. ^ "TVNZ To Broadcast The Melbourne 2006 Commonwealth Games In New Zealand | News | Sportcal". sportcal.com. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  30. ^ "Prasar Bharati bags broadcast rights for 2006 Commonwealth Games". Indian Advertising Media & Marketing News – exchange4media. 14 December 2005. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  31. ^ "Cable Bahamas brings the XVIII Commonwealth Games to Bahamians on Cable 12". cablebahamas. Archived from the original on 29 April 2018. Retrieved 29 April 2018.
  32. ^ "M2006 > Media Centre > Newsletter > Display".
  33. ^ "mascot".
  34. ^ "Games mascot unveiled".
  35. ^ "M2006 > Getting Involved > Sponsorship". m2006.thecgf.com. Retrieved 1 May 2018.
  36. ^ Whinnett, Ellen (22 March 2006). "Mystery of missing athletes". Herald Sun.
  37. ^ "Nine athletes vanish from Commonwealth Games". Reuters. 22 March 2006.[dead link]
  38. ^ "Athletes 'go missing from Games'". BBC News Online. 23 March 2006.
  39. ^ ABC Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine
  40. ^ "Visas for second group of athletes". The Age. 28 March 2006.
  41. ^ Latimore, Jack (8 April 2018). "'The fight never left': Stolenwealth Games protesters draw on long tradition". The Guardian. Retrieved 3 November 2018.
  42. ^ "M2006". 19 March 2006. Archived from the original on 19 March 2006. Retrieved 15 January 2020.
Preceded by
Manchester
Commonwealth Games
Melbourne
XVIII Commonwealth Games
Succeeded by
Delhi