Albert P. Crary
|Chief Scientist for the United States Antarctic Research Program|
Albert Paddock Crary
July 25, 1911
Pierrepont, New York, United States
|Died||October 29, 1987 (aged 76)|
Washington, D.C., United States
|Resting place||Pierrepont Hill Cemetery, Pierrepont, New York|
|Spouse(s)||Mildred R. Rodgers|
|Children||Frank J. Crary III|
|Parent(s)||Frank J. Crary and Ella Paddock Crary|
|Relatives||Oringe Smith Crary (great-great-great-uncle) |
Scott Crary (cousin)
|Education||St. Lawrence University |
|Known for||Polar exploration|
Albert Paddock Crary (July 25, 1911 – October 29, 1987), was a pioneer polar geophysicist and glaciologist. He was the first person to have set foot on both the North and South Poles, having made it to the North Pole on May 3, 1952 (with Joseph O. Fletcher and William P. Benedict) and then to the South Pole on February 12, 1961, as the leader of a team of eight. The South Pole expedition set out from McMurdo Station on December 10, 1960, using three Snowcats with trailers. Crary was the seventh expedition leader to arrive at the South Pole by surface transportation (the six others before him were—in sequence—Amundsen, Scott, Hillary, Fuchs, a Russian expedition in 1959/60 from Vostok base, and Antero Havola). He was widely admired for his intellect, wit, skills and as a great administrator for polar research expeditions.
Crary was born in 1911 into a farming family in northern New York State. He was the second oldest in a family of 7 children. He was a physics major and geology student at St. Lawrence University in Canton, New York. He graduated in 1931 Phi Beta Kappa from St. Lawrence University and then enrolled at Lehigh University to obtain a master's degree in physics. After spending years completing and facilitating research at both poles, Crary eventually settled in Bethesda, Maryland, with his wife and son.
His awards included the Cullum Geographical Medal (1959), the Patron's Gold Medal (1963), and the Vega Medal (1972).
He died on October 29, 1987, at the George Washington University Hospital in Washington, D.C.
In 1991, the National Science Foundation (NSF), which manages the U.S. Antarctic Program (USAP), honoured his memory by dedicating a state-of-the-art laboratory complex in his name, the Albert P. Crary Science and Engineering Center (CSEC) located in McMurdo Station. He was also honored by having the Crary Mountains (76 degrees 48' S, 117 degrees 40' W) and the Crary Ice Rise in Antarctica named for him as well.
Dr. Crary contributed in a variety of important ways to his field including:
He worked with many notable scientists and famous institutions: