Terra Australis
Typus Orbis Terrarum drawn by Abraham Ortelius.jpg
Terra Australis is the large continent on the bottom of this 1570 map

This list of Antarctic expeditions is a chronological list of expeditions involving Antarctica. Although the existence of a southern continent had been hypothesized as early as the writings of Ptolemy in the 1st century AD, the South Pole was not reached until 1911.

Pre-exploration theories

Pre-19th century

19th century

Expeditions in Antarctica before the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, 1897
Expeditions in Antarctica before the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, 1897

20th century

21st century

Agreements

See also

Notes

  1. ^ O'Connor, Tom Polynesians in the Southern Ocean: Occupation of the Auckland Islands in Prehistory in New Zealand Geographic 69 (September–October 2004): 6–8
  2. ^ Anderson, Atholl; O'Regan, Gerard R. (2000). "To the Final Shore: Prehistoric Colonisation of the Subantarctic Islands in South Polynesia". Australian Archaeologist: Collected Papers in Honour of Jim Allen. Canberra: Australian National University. pp. 440–454.
  3. ^ Anderson, Atholl, & Gerard R. O'Regan The Polynesian Archaeology of the Subantarctic Islands: An Initial Report on Enderby Island Southern Margins Project Report. Dunedin: Ngai Tahu Development Report, 1999
  4. ^ Anderson, Atholl Subpolar Settlement in South Polynesia Antiquity 79.306 (2005): 791–800
  5. ^ Martinic B., Mateo (2019). "Entre el mito y la realidad. La situación de la misteriosa Isla Elizabeth de Francis Drake" [Between myth and reality. The situation of the mysterious Elizabeth Island of Francis Drake]. Magallania (in Spanish). 47 (1): 5–14. doi:10.4067/S0718-22442019000100005. Retrieved 21 December 2019.
  6. ^ a b Barros Arana, Diego. "Capítulo XI". Historia general de Chile (in Spanish). Vol. Tomo cuarto (Digital edition based on the second edition of 2000 ed.). Alicante: Biblioteca Virtual Miguel de Cervantes. p. 280.
  7. ^ Lane, Kris E. (1998). Pillaging the Empire: Piracy in the Americas 1500–1750. Armonk, N.Y.: M.E. Sharpe. p. 88. ISBN 978-0-76560-256-5.
  8. ^ Kock, Robbert. "Dutch in Chile". Colonial Voyage.com. Archived from the original on 29 February 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2014.
  9. ^ Clerke, Agnes Mary (1911). "Halley, Edmund" . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 856.
  10. ^ McGonigal, David (2009). Antarctica: Secrets of the Southern Continent. Frances Lincoln. pp. 288–289. ISBN 0-7112-2980-5.
  11. ^ "First NGA ski trip to Pole from Hercules Inlet".
  12. ^ "Antarctica".
  13. ^ Steger, Will; Bowermaster, Jon (2 March 2010). Crossing Antarctica. ISBN 978-0897328968.
  14. ^ a b Hoare, James E. (2012). "Antarctic Exploration". Historical Dictionary of Democratic People's Republic of Korea. Lanham: Scarecrow Press. p. 44. ISBN 978-0-8108-7987-4.
  15. ^ The Snotsicle Traverse: A True Antarctic Adventure. Frandorson. January 1993.
  16. ^ Brown, Ian (1999). 'Extreme South' Struggles & triumph of the first Australian team to the Pole. Australian Geographic.
  17. ^ Arnesen, Liv; Bancroft, Ann; Dahle, Cheryl. No Horizon is so far: Two women and their historic journey across Antarctica. Penguin Books.
  18. ^ Brent, Michel. "Polar Challenges / UK / Expeditions / Arctic Expeditions – Archives". v1.explorapoles.org.
  19. ^ IceChallenger.co.uk Archived 8 October 2008 at the Wayback Machine, 2005. Retrieved on 14 October 2008[self-published source]
  20. ^ Tierraspolared.es, Transantarctica 2005–06 at Tierras Polares Archived 7 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ Aislinn Simpson (29 December 2006), "Woman treks alone to South Pole in 39 days", The Guardian, retrieved 12 March 2013
  22. ^ Jardine, Ray. "Skiing to the South Pole in 59 days : Ray & Jenny Jardine". www.rayjardine.com.
  23. ^ Traverse.npolar.no Archived 5 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine[self-published source]
  24. ^ Conor J. Ryan Joys and Hardships of Antarctic Fieldwork, retrieved 2011 Aug 24
  25. ^ "forsideverdensvakresteskitur.com". www.verdensvakresteskitur.com. Retrieved 10 March 2022.
  26. ^ Martin, Peter (December 2011), "Todd Carmichael, American", Esquire: 202, retrieved 13 March 2013
  27. ^ "The Antarctica Challenge: A Global Warning". The GATE. 11 August 2009. Retrieved 21 November 2020.
  28. ^ Southpolequest.com[self-published source]
  29. ^ Moon Regan transantarctic crossing[self-published source]
  30. ^ "ExWeb interview Sebastian Copeland and Eric McNair-Landry (part 1/2): The battle of body and gear across 2 South Poles". www.explorersweb.com.
  31. ^ [http://www.bsae2012.co.uk/ BSAE 2012 – Spirit of Scott[self-published source]
  32. ^ "2011-2012 WINDSLED Acciona Antarctica Expedition". Inuit WindSled.
  33. ^ "Long Day's Journey into White | Adventure". Reader's Digest Asia. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  34. ^ Michael Warren. "First woman to cross Antarctica solo sets two records". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  35. ^ "British adventurer Felicity Aston caps first ski crossing of Antarctica by woman". ESPN. 23 January 2012. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  36. ^ "Amazon.com: Antarctic Tears: Determination, adversity, and the pursuit of a dream at the bottom of the world eBook: Aaron Linsdau: Kindle Store". www.amazon.com.
  37. ^ "The Push Documentary – A Film About Overcoming Adversity With Love". Push.
  38. ^ "Sit-skier Grant Korgan has pushed his way across Antarctica". espn.com.
  39. ^ "Paralyzed Nevada man Grant Korgan reaches South Pole – NY Daily News". nydailynews.com. Associated Press.
  40. ^ "Paralyzed athlete Grant Korgan achieves polar goal". sfgate.com. 29 January 2012.
  41. ^ "Korg Movement – Choose Positivity Now". Korg Movement.
  42. ^ Shackleton Epic, archived from the original on 9 May 2019, retrieved 29 September 2019[self-published source]
  43. ^ "The Scott Expedition".
  44. ^ "Willis Resilience Expedition".
  45. ^ Explorersweb (13 January 2011). "Breaking news: Christian Eide bags the South Pole solo speed ski world record". explorersweb.com. Retrieved 13 January 2011.
  46. ^ "Scots explorer Luke Robertson achieves South Pole first: Final Recap". BBC News. 14 January 2016. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
  47. ^ "Explorer dies in Antarctic crossing". BBC News. 3 December 2018.
  48. ^ "Largest all-women expedition heads to Antarctica". BBC. 1 December 2016. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
  49. ^ "SPEAR17". Louis Rudd MBE. 1 April 2018. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  50. ^ "一括査定を活用してバイクの買取を依頼するメリットとデメリット". www.spear17.org.
  51. ^ "Mike Horn a dompté l'Antarctique en solitaire – L'illustré". 13 February 2017. Archived from the original on 13 February 2017.
  52. ^ "O'Brady's Antarctic Crossing: Was It Really Unassisted?". Explorersweb. 27 December 2018. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  53. ^ January 2019, Maria Dombrov22 (22 January 2019). "An Impossible First: Colin O'Brady Completes Solo Trek Across Antarctica – GlacierHub %". GlacierHub. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  54. ^ "Explorer completes historic Antarctic trek". Exploration & Adventure. 26 December 2018. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  55. ^ "Second explorer completes Antarctic crossing". Exploration & Adventure. 28 December 2018. Retrieved 24 February 2019.
  56. ^ "Antarctica 2018–2019: Final Recap". Explorersweb. 18 January 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2019.
  57. ^ "Saildrone Completes First Autonomous Circumnavigation of Antarctica". www.saildrone.com. Retrieved 5 August 2019.
  58. ^ "First row across the Drake Passage". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 10 January 2020.
  59. ^ Stephens, Rebecca (5 February 2020). "How three British women overcame ferocious storms and 'polar thigh' to conquer Antarctica on skis". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  60. ^ "Anja Blacha nach Expedition zum Südpol: "Männerdomänen sind für Frauen erreichbar"". Frankfurter Rundschau (in German). 10 February 2020. Retrieved 29 March 2020.
  61. ^ "Woman is youngest to ski solo to South Pole". 10 January 2020. Retrieved 20 January 2020.
  62. ^ Laura Smith-Spark; Francesca Street (4 January 2022). "British Sikh Army officer becomes first woman of color to ski solo to the South Pole". CNN. Retrieved 5 January 2022.

References

Further reading