1612–1613: Button expedition, commanded by Thomas Button, in search of the Northwest Passage
1613: Several whaling expeditions, consisting of a total of at least thirty ships from England, France, Spain, and the Netherlands crowd Spitsbergen's west coast
1614: Dutch and French expeditions discover Jan Mayen
1615: Robert Fotherby, in the pinnace Richard, is the first English expedition to reach Jan Mayen
1616: English expedition piloted by William Baffin explores the Davis Strait–Baffin Bay region
1619–1620: Danish-Norwegian expedition led by Jens Munk in Enhiörningen (Unicorn) and Lamprenen (Lamprey) to discover the Northwest Passage penetrated Davis Strait as far north as 69°, found Frobisher Bay, spent a winter in Hudson Bay
1633–1634: I. Rebrov explores the mouth of the Lena River
1991-1992: Lonnie Dupre completes first west to east winter crossing of arctic Canada traveling by dog team from Prudhoe Bay, Alaska via the northwest passage before turning south ending in Churchill, Manitoba. The 3000-mile journey started in October and ended in April.
1992: Crossing of the Greenland inland ice from east to west by a Japanese expedition led by Kenji Yoshikawa
2006: The first successful summer-type expedition to the North Pole. Lonnie Dupre and teammate Eric Larsen departed Cape Discovery, Ellesmere Island and arrived at the North Pole on July 2, after 62 days on the ice.
2008: Alex Hibbert and George Bullard complete the Tiso Trans Greenland expedition. The longest fully unsupported land Arctic journey in history at 1,374 mi (2,211 km)
2009: David Scott Cowper becomes the only person to have sailed the Northwest Passage solo in a single season
2009: First guided expedition from Ellesmere Island, Canada to the North Pole. Lonnie Dupre and team members Stuart Smith and Max Chaya departed Cape Discovery on March 4th. The temperature was -55F. They arrived at the Pole on April 25th after 53 days on the ice.
2013: Babouchka, a combination ice boat and sailing catamaran set out for the Pole. It was halted by ice. The two-man crew was rescued by a Russian icebreaker.
2015: Interdisciplinary Arctic Expedition "Kartesh" – complex arctic expedition, organized by the Polar Expedition Gallery project (later rebranded as Polar Expedition "Kartesh") in collaboration with the LMSU Marine Research Center. Research tasks: assessing the Arctic coastline vulnerability towards human impact; marine and coastal ecosystem and Arctic seas landform condition monitoring; West Arctic biodiversity research; oil oxidizing microorganism activity research; testing new methods of water areas remote sensing.
2017: Arctic Mission of two 15m sailboats led by Pen Hadow made it to 80° 10' N, sailing from and returning to Nome, Alaska.