.mw-parser-output .hidden-begin{box-sizing:border-box;width:100%;padding:5px;border:none;font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .hidden-title{font-weight:bold;line-height:1.6;text-align:left}.mw-parser-output .hidden-content{text-align:left}You can help expand this article with text translated from the corresponding article in Russian. (May 2023) Click [show] for important translation instructions. Machine translation, like DeepL or Google Translate, is a useful starting point for translations, but translators must revise errors as necessary and confirm that the translation is accurate, rather than simply copy-pasting machine-translated text into the English Wikipedia. Do not translate text that appears unreliable or low-quality. If possible, verify the text with references provided in the foreign-language article. You must provide copyright attribution in the edit summary accompanying your translation by providing an interlanguage link to the source of your translation. A model attribution edit summary is Content in this edit is translated from the existing Russian Wikipedia article at [[:ru:Малыгин, Степан Гаврилович]]; see its history for attribution. You should also add the template ((Translated|ru|Малыгин, Степан Гаврилович)) to the talk page. For more guidance, see Wikipedia:Translation.

Stepan Gavrilovich Malygin (Russian: Степан Гаврилович Малыгин) (unknown-1 August 1764) was a Russian Arctic explorer.[1] Malygin Strait is named after him.[2]

Malygin studied at the Moscow School of Mathematics and Navigation from 1711 to 1717. After his graduation, Malygin began his career as a naval cadet and was then promoted to the rank of lieutenant four years later. He served in the Baltic Fleet until 1735.[3]

Malygin wrote the first Russian manual on navigation, titled Сокращённая навигация по карте де-Редукцион (1733).[2] In early 1736, Malygin was appointed leader of the western unit of the Second Kamchatka Expedition.[3] In 1736–1737, two boats Perviy (First) and Vtoroy (Second) under the command of Malygin and A. Skuratov undertook a voyage from Dolgiy Island in the Barents Sea to the mouth of the Ob River.[citation needed] Malygin explored this part of the Russian Arctic coastline on the trip and made a map of the area between the Pechora and Ob Rivers.[3]

Between 1741 and 1748, Malygin was placed in charge of preparing navigators for the Russian Navy. In 1762, he was appointed head of the Admiralty office in Kazan.[3]


  1. ^ "Малыгин, Степан Григорьевич" [Malygin, Stepan Grigorievich]. Brockhaus and Efron Encyclopedic Dictionary (in Russian). Vol. XVIIIa. 1896. p. 492.
  2. ^ a b Рульков, Д.И. (1973). Навигация и лоция (in Russian). Moscow: Издательство «Транспорт».
  3. ^ a b c d "Малыгин Степан Гаврилович" [Malygin, Stepan Grigorievich]. Great Soviet Encyclopedia (in Russian). Vol. 15 (3rd ed.).