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Ernest of Austria
Portrait by Martino Rota c. 1580
Born15 June 1553[1]
Vienna, Archduchy of Austria
Died20 February 1595(1595-02-20) (aged 41)[1]
Brussels, Duchy of Brabant
HouseHabsburg
FatherMaximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor
MotherMaria of Spain
Tomb of Archduke Ernest of Austria

Archduke Ernest of Austria (German: Ernst von Österreich; 15 June 1553 – 20 February 1595)[1] was an Austrian prince, the son of Maximilian II, Holy Roman Emperor, and Maria of Spain.

Biography

Born in Vienna, he was educated with his brother Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor, in the court of Spain.[1] He was a candidate in the 1573 Polish–Lithuanian royal election for the throne of Poland. From 1576 onwards, he was governor in the Archduchy of Austria, where he promoted the Counter-Reformation. In 1590, he became governor of Inner Austria as regent for his young cousin Ferdinand, and from 1594 to 1595 he served as Governor of the Spanish Netherlands.

He died in Brussels on 20 February 1595 and was eventually succeeded in the Netherlands by his brother Albert. Ernest owned the Months of the Year cycle series of works painted by Pieter Bruegel the Elder; one painting, High Spring (showing April or May) is lost):

Ancestry

Male-line family tree

References

  1. ^ a b c d Wurzbach, Constantin von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Ernst" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). Vol. 6. p. 180 – via Wikisource.
  2. ^ a b Press, Volker (1990), "Maximilian II.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), vol. 16, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 471–475; (full text online)
  3. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Maria von Spanien" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). Vol. 7. p. 19 – via Wikisource.
  4. ^ Wurzbach, Constantin von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Philipp I. der Schöne von Oesterreich" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). Vol. 7. p. 112 – via Wikisource.
  5. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Joanna" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
  6. ^ a b Priebatsch, Felix (1908), "Wladislaw II.", Allgemeine Deutsche Biographie (in German), vol. 54, Leipzig: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 688–696
  7. ^ a b Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  8. ^ a b Stephens, Henry Morse (1903). The story of Portugal. G.P. Putnam's Sons. pp. 125, 139, 279. ISBN 9780722224731. Retrieved 11 July 2018.