Maximilian Ernest of Austria
Archduke of Austria
Archduke Maximilian Ernest with a hunting dog, by Joseph Heintz the Elder, c. 1604
Born(1583-11-17)November 17, 1583
Graz, Duchy of Styria
DiedFebruary 18, 1616(1616-02-18) (aged 32)
Archduchy of Austria
Burial
HouseHabsburg
FatherCharles II, Archduke of Austria
MotherMaria Anna of Bavaria

Maximilian Ernest of Austria (17 November 1583 – 18 February 1616), was an Austrian prince member of the House of Habsburg and by birth Archduke of Austria.

He was the son of Charles II, Archduke of Austria, in turn, the son of Emperor Ferdinand I, and Maria Anna of Bavaria. His elder brother Archduke Ferdinand, succeeded as Holy Roman Emperor in 1619.

Life

Born in Graz, little is known about his first years of life. His first notable presence was in 1592, when Maximilian Ernest and his mother accompanied his older sister Anna to marry King Sigismund III of Poland.[1]

Together with his brother Ferdinand and his cousins Maximilian III and Matthias, Maximilian Ernest signed a document dated 25 April 1606 in Vienna, under which his cousin, Emperor Rudolf II, was declared incapable of governing because of his mental illness and Matthias could assume the headship of the Habsburg territories as regent.[2][3]

Maximilian riding behind King Sigismund III, at his sisters Constance entry in Krakow 1605.

His cousin Maximilian III, called the German Grand Master (der Deutschmeister), allowed Maximiliam Ernest to join the Teutonic Knights in 1615,[4] and one year later, in 1616,[5] he appointed him Landkomtur of the Bailiwick of Austria.[6] Already named Coadjutor of the Teutonic Order was determined that Maximilian Ernest would succeed his cousin in the office of Grand Master, but he died unexpectedly aged thirty-two, unmarried and childless (however he left an illegitimate son, Don Carlos d'Austria, who died in 1638[7][better source needed]). He was buried in the Seckau Abbey.[8]

Ancestors

Male-line family tree

References

  1. ^ Academy of Sciences in Vienna. Historical Commission: Archiv für österreichische Geschichte, vol. XV, 1856, p. 116.
  2. ^ Johann Sporschil, Geschichte des Entstehens, des Wachsthums und der Grösse der österreichischen Monarchie, vol. IV, F. Volckmar, 1844, p. 236.
  3. ^ Anton Schindling, Walter Ziegler, Die Kaiser der Neuzeit: 1519-1918, C. H. Beck, 1990, p. 118.
  4. ^ Imperial Academy of Sciences, Archiv für Österreichische Geschichte, vols. 33-34, 1865, p. 236.
  5. ^ Friedrich Emanuel von Hurter, Geschichte kaiser Ferdinands II und seiner eltern bis zu dessen krönung in Frankfurt, Hurter Bookstore, 1850, p. 230.
  6. ^ Johann Samuel Ersch, Allgemeine Encyclopädie der Wissenschaften und Künste, F. A. Brockhaus, 1830, S. 244. On-line
  7. ^ Marek, Miroslav. "Complete Genealogy to the House of Habsburg". Genealogy.EU.[self-published source]
  8. ^ "Burials of the Habsburg family in Seckau". Archived from the original on 2013-11-13. Retrieved 2011-01-19.
  9. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Karl II. von Steiermark" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). Vol. 6. p. 352 – via Wikisource.
  10. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin von, ed. (1861). "Habsburg, Maria von Bayern" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). Vol. 7. p. 20 – via Wikisource.
  11. ^ Ferdinand I, Holy Roman Emperor at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  12. ^ a b Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor at the Encyclopædia Britannica
  13. ^ a b Obermayer-Marnach, Eva (1953), "Anna Jagjello", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), vol. 1, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, p. 299; (full text online)
  14. ^ a b Goetz, Walter (1953), "Albrecht V.", Neue Deutsche Biographie (in German), vol. 1, Berlin: Duncker & Humblot, pp. 158–160; (full text online)
  15. ^ a b Wurzbach, Constantin von, ed. (1860). "Habsburg, Anna von Oesterreich (1528–1587)" . Biographisches Lexikon des Kaiserthums Oesterreich [Biographical Encyclopedia of the Austrian Empire] (in German). Vol. 6. p. 151 – via Wikisource.