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This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.Find sources: "Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria" – news · newspapers · books · scholar · JSTOR (March 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this message)
Archduke Joseph Karl
Palatine of Hungary (titular)
Picture taken by Károly Koller
Born(1833-03-02)2 March 1833
Pressburg, Kingdom of Hungary
Died13 June 1905(1905-06-13) (aged 72)
Fiume, Austria-Hungary
Josef Karl Ludwig
FatherArchduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary
MotherDuchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg

Archduke Joseph Karl of Austria (German: (Erzherzog) Josef Karl (Ludwig) von Österreich, Hungarian: Habsburg–Lotaringiai József Károly (Lajos) főherceg; 2 March 1833 – 13 June 1905) was a member of the House of Habsburg-Lorraine. He was the second son of Archduke Joseph, Palatine of Hungary (seventh son of Leopold II, Holy Roman Emperor) and Duchess Maria Dorothea of Württemberg.


Like many junior members of royal families, Archduke Joseph Karl entered the military. He became a Major General in the Austrian Army in 1860. During the Austro-Prussian War he commanded a Brigade in the North Army and had three horses shot under him at Königgrätz.[1] In 1867, he became Palatine of Hungary after the death of his childless half-brother Stephen, though the post by that time was symbolic only.

The archduke had an interest in the Romani language and occasionally wrote on this topic to Albert Thomas Sinclair, an American lawyer who shared this interest. A biography of Sinclair notes that the archduke sent a copy of his work, "a large octavo volume handsomely bound. It is a most important and valuable philological work comparing the gypsy words with Sanskrit, Hindustani Persian, etc".[2]

As early as the late 1880s, Archduke Joseph advocated turning the poor fishing village of Crikvenica into a new health resort. In 1895 the Grand Hotel named after the archduke was opened there.[3]

His residence was the Archduke Joseph's Palace in Budapest.

Marriage and issue

On 12 May 1864 in Coburg, Archduke Joseph married Princess Clotilde of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1846–1927), the elder daughter of Prince August of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and Princess Clémentine of Orléans. They had seven children :

Honours and awards

He received the following orders and decorations:[4]



  1. ^ Craig, Gordon A (2003). The Battle of Koniggratz: Prussia's Victory Over Austria, 1866. University of Pennsylvania Press. p. 133. ISBN 0812218442. Retrieved 16 July 2017.
  2. ^ Winship, John Perkins Cushing (1902). Historical Brighton: An Illustrated History of Brighton and Its Citizens. G. A. Warren.
  3. ^ "Zwischen Nostalgie und neuem Glanz". 3 June 2017.
  4. ^ "Genealogie des Allerhöchsten Herrscherhauses", Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, 1904, p. 11, retrieved 23 July 2020
  5. ^ a b "Ritter-Orden", Hof- und Staatshandbuch der Österreichisch-Ungarischen Monarchie, 1904, pp. 51, 54, retrieved 24 July 2020
  6. ^ "Schwarzer Adler-orden", Königlich Preussische Ordensliste (in German), vol. 1, Berlin, 1886, p. 5 – via hathitrust.org((citation)): CS1 maint: location missing publisher (link)
  7. ^ Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Großherzogtums Oldenburg0: 1879. Schulze. 1879. p. 32.
  8. ^ "Liste des Membres de l'Ordre de Léopold", Almanach Royal Officiel (in French), 1858, p. 48 – via Archives de Bruxelles
  9. ^ Staatshandbücher für das Herzogtums Sachsen-Altenburg (1869), "Herzogliche Sachsen-Ernestinischer Hausorden" p. 21
  10. ^ Staat Hannover (1865). Hof- und Staatshandbuch für das Königreich Hannover: 1865. Berenberg. pp. 38 78.
  11. ^ Staats- und Adreß-Handbuch des Herzogthums Nassau (1866), "Herzogliche Orden" p. 8
  12. ^ Staatshandbuch für das Großherzogtum Sachsen / Sachsen-Weimar-Eisenach (1859), "Großherzogliche Hausorden" p. 13 Archived 22 August 2019 at the Wayback Machine
  13. ^ Hof- und Staatshandbuch des Königreichs Bayern: 1879. Landesamt. 1879. p. 10.
  14. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Großherzogtum Hessen (1879), "Großherzogliche Orden und Ehrenzeichen" p. 11
  15. ^ Hof- und Staats-Handbuch des Königreich Württemberg (1896), "Königliche Orden" p. 28