Arkangel: for animal liberation
EditorRonnie Lee
EditorVivien Smith
First issueWinter 1989
Final issue1999
Arkangel Magazine #29. The front cover features the image of a macaque with the word "crap" written on his head, taken during a daylight raid by the Animal Liberation League, inside a Royal College of Surgeons (RCS) research facility in Kent, England, 1984.

Arkangel was a British-based bi-annual animal liberation magazine, first published in the winter of 1989. The magazine, which was sold internationally, covered global aspects of underground and overground animal rights campaigning, and promoted a vegan lifestyle.[1] The magazine ceased publication in 1999.[2]

The magazine was the idea of Ronnie Lee, the founder of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF).[3] While in prison, he regularly received letters of support and details of unreported actions by ALF activists. Lee decided to publish these in the form of a magazine, with the first edition put together by Vivian Smith.[4] The magazine continued to be written largely by activists associated with the British ALF.[5]

See also


  1. ^ Nocella, Anthony. "Understanding the ALF: From Critical Analysis to Critical Pedagogy," in Best, Steven. Terrorists or Freedom Fighters?. Lantern Books, 2004, p. 195.
  2. ^ "Arkangel (1989-1999)". Internet Archive. Retrieved 29 December 2023.
  3. ^ "Ronnie Lee Fighting Talk: an interview with Arkangel" Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine, Arkangel, issue 25.
  4. ^ Mann, Keith. From Dusk 'til Dawn: An insider's view of the growth of the Animal Liberation Movement. Puppy Pincher Press, 2007, p. 189.
  5. ^ Garner, Robert. Animals, Politics and Morality, Manchester University Press, 2004, p. 78.

Further reading