Countries surrounding the Baltic Sea
Countries surrounding the Baltic Sea

The terms Baltic Sea Region, Baltic Rim countries (or simply the Baltic Rim), and the Baltic Sea countries/states refer to slightly different combinations of countries in the general area surrounding the Baltic Sea, mainly in Northern Europe. The term "Baltic states" refers specifically to one such grouping.


Main article: Baltic (name)

The first to name it the Baltic Sea (Latin: Mare Balticum) was 11th century German chronicler Adam of Bremen.


Depending on the context the Baltic Sea Region might stand for:

See also


  1. ^ State members of CBSS: Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Iceland, Latvia, Lithuania, Norway, Poland, Russia and Sweden.[7]


  1. ^ Republic of Estonia; Republic of Latvia; Republic of Lithuania (1994). Declaration on Unity and Co-operation by the Republic of Estonia, Republic of Latvia and Republic of Lithuania (PDF). Council of Baltic States. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 May 2019. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  2. ^ Misiunas, Romuald J; Bater, James H (25 May 2006). "Baltic states". Encyclopædia Britannica (Online ed.). Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  3. ^ Ministry for Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Latvia. "Co-operation among the Baltic States". Republic of Latvia. Archived from the original on 4 September 2008. Retrieved 2 June 2021.
  4. ^ Republic of Estonia. "Baltic Cooperation". Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Archived from the original on 6 May 2017. Retrieved 28 May 2018.
  5. ^ «The Baltic region includes the Baltic republics and the Kaliningrad region of the RSFSR "» — Baltic region in the Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 1969–1978 (in Russian)
  6. ^ European Commission. "CBSS - Council of Baltic Sea States". European Union. Retrieved 2 June 2021. The Council of the Baltic Sea States is an overall political forum for regional inter-governmental cooperation. The Members of the Council are the eleven states of the Baltic Sea Region as well as the European Commission.
  7. ^ Council of the Baltic Sea States. "CBSS - About Us".
  8. ^ B7 Steering Committee (8 September 2004). "Charter of the B7" (PDF). B7 Baltic Islands Network. Retrieved 30 June 2021.
  9. ^ Dunbar, Moira (2004). "Arctic: Geology". Encyclopædia Britannica.
  10. ^ Beckholmen, Monica; Tirén, Sven A (September 2008). "The geological history of the Baltic Sea: A review of the literature and investigation tools". Swedish Radiation Safety Authority - Strålsäkerhetsmyndigheten. ISSN 2000-0456. Report number: 2009:21. Retrieved 30 June 2021.

Further reading