This bibliography of sociology is a list of works, organized by subdiscipline, on the subject of sociology. Some of the works are selected from general anthologies of sociology,[1][2][3][4][5] while other works are selected because they are notable enough to be mentioned in a general history of sociology or one of its subdisciplines.[i]

Sociology studies society using various methods of empirical investigation to understand human social activity, from the micro level of individual agency and interaction to the macro level of systems and social structure.[6][7][8]


See also: History of sociology and Max Weber bibliography


Main article: Émile Durkheim


Main article: Sociology of culture See also: Cultural criminology, Sociology of the internet, and Phenomenology


Cover of the French edition of the Division of Labor in Society by Emile Durkheim

Main article: Economic sociology See also: Marxist bibliography

Economic sociology attempts to explain economic phenomena. While overlapping with the general study of economics at times, economic sociology chiefly concentrates on the roles of social relations and institutions.[25]


Industrial sociology is the sociology of technological change, globalization, labor markets, work organization, managerial practices and employment relations.[35][36]

Spatial sociology

Main articles: Sociology of space and Social geography


Environmental sociology studies the relationship between society and environment, particularly the social factors that cause environmental problems, the societal impacts of those problems, and efforts to solve the problems.


Demography is the statistical study of human population. It encompasses the study of the size, structure and distribution of these populations, and spatial and/or temporal changes in them in response to birth, migration, aging and death.


Urban sociology refers the study of social life and human interaction in metropolitan areas.

Gender and Intersectionality

Main articles: Sociology of gender and Intersectionality


Main articles: Sociology of knowledge and Sociology of scientific knowledge

Sociology of knowledge refers to the study of the relationship between human thought and the social context within which it arises, as well as of the effects prevailing ideas have on societies.


Main article: Political sociology See also: Comparative sociology, Military sociology, and Policy sociology

Traditionally, political sociology has been concerned with the ways in which social trends, dynamics, and structures of domination affect formal political processes, as well as exploring how various social forces work together to change political policies.[67] Now, it is also concerned with the formation of identity through social interaction, the politics of knowledge, and other aspects of social relations.

Race and ethnicity

Main article: Sociology of race and ethnic relations See also: Sociology of immigration

The sociology of race and ethnic relations refers to the study of social, political, and economic relations between races and ethnicities at all levels of society, encompassing subjects such as racism and residential segregation.


Main article: Sociology of religion

The sociology of religion concerns the role of religion in society, including practices, historical backgrounds, developments, and universal themes.[75] There is particular emphasis on the recurring role of religion in all societies and throughout recorded history.


Main article: Sociological theory

Sociological theories are complex theoretical and methodological frameworks used to analyze and explain objects of social study, which ultimately facilitate the organization of sociological knowledge.[78]

Conflict Theory

Conflict theories, originally influenced by Marxist thought, are perspectives that see societies as defined through conflicts that are produced by inequality.[79]: 34–6  Conflict theory emphasizes social conflict, as well as economic inequality, social inequality, oppression, and crime.

Rational Choice Theory

Rational choice theory models social behavior as the interaction of utility-maximizing individuals.

Social Exchange Theory

Social Exchange Theory models social interaction as a series of exchanges between actors who give one another rewards and penalties, which impacts and guides future behavior. George Homans' version of exchange theory specifically argues that behaviorist stimulus-response principles can explain the emergence of complex social structures.

Social Network Analysis

Making use of network theory, social network analysis is structural approach to sociology that views norms and behaviors as embedded in chains of social relations.


See also: Sociology and Sociocybernetics

Sociocybernetics is the application of systems theory and cybernetics to sociology.

Structural Functionalism

Structural functionalism is a broad perspective that interprets society as a structure with interrelated parts.

Symbolic Interactionism

Symbolic interactionism argues that human behavior is guided by the meanings people construct together in social interaction.

See also



  1. ^ See Michie, Jonathan, ed. 2001. Reader's Guide to the Social Sciences.


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